Environmental and Social Safeguard Monitoring

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					Environmental and Social Safeguard Monitoring

Quarterly Report
August 2011

INO: Loan 2500-2501- Integrated Citarum Water
Resources Management Program Project 1

Prepared by Project Coordination Management Unit, Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Citarum,
Ministry of Public Works for the Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public
Works Republic of Indonesia and the Asian Development Bank.
       (i)    The fiscal year (FY) of the Government of Indonesia ends on 31 December. FY
              before a calendar year denotes the year in which the fiscal year ends, e.g.,
              FY2011 ends on 31 December 2011.

       (ii)   In this report, "$" refers to US dollars.

This environmental and social safeguard monitoring report is a document of the borrower. The
views expressed herein do not necessarily represent those of ADB's Board of Directors,
Management, or staff, and may be preliminary in nature.

In preparing any country program or strategy, financing any project, or by making any
designation of or reference to a particular territory or geographic area in this document, the
Asian Development Bank does not intend to make any judgments as to the legal or other status
of any territory or area.
Ministry of Public Works
Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Citarum                                      Indonesia

Program Management Support
Integrated Citarum Water Resource Management Investment Program

Report on Implementation of Social and
Environmental Safeguards

                  August 2011

                                                      In association with

                                          PT Tata Guna Patria        PT Tri Tunggal
  Egis International                                                           Document quality information

Document quality information

General information

 Project name              Program Management Support
 Document name             Report on Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards
 Date                      August 2011


 Sent to:
 Name                            Organisation                                       Sent on (date):
Hendra Ahyadi, ST.,MT.           Pejabat Pembuat Komitmen Perencanaan dan           August 2011
                                 Program, Satuan Kerja Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai

History of modifications

    Version               Date          Written by                         Approved & signed by:
        1              21-08-2011      Social and Environmental
                                       Safeguards Special and Team

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  Egis International                                                                                                                         Contents


   Introduction............................................................................................. 1	
  Rationale ........................................................................................................1	
  Citarum River Basin .......................................................................................1	
  Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program .....1	
  Program Management Support ......................................................................2	
   Components of ICWRMIP ...................................................................... 2	
   Need for Social and Environmental Safeguards ................................. 3	
  General ..........................................................................................................3	
  Social and Environmental Safeguards Requirements of ADB .......................4	
   Key Social and Environmental Issues .................................................. 4	
  Resettlement Issues.......................................................................................4	
   Gaps in Indonesian Laws and Comparison with ADB Policies.........................5	
   Sub-component 2.1: Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal................................5	
  Environmental Issues .....................................................................................6	
   General .............................................................................................................6	
   Subcomponent 2.1: Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal.................................7	
   Sub-Component 2.2: Improved Land and Water Management .......................9	
   Sub-Component 2.3: Support for Community and NGO-Driven Initiatives
                              for Improved Water Supply and Sanitation .....................................................10	

   Progress to Date ................................................................................... 10	
  General ........................................................................................................10	
  Social Safeguards ........................................................................................11	
  Environmental Safeguards ...........................................................................11	

   Plan for Social and Environmental Safeguards Implementation ..... 11	
        Attachment 1: Citarum Baseline Environmental Assessment (2007)
        Attachment 2: Consolidated Social and Environmental Safeguards Plan
        Attachment 3: Recommendations for Gender Safeguards Implementation

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    Egis International                                                                                                  Abbreviations


ADB                        Asian Development Bank
AH                         affected household
AP                         affected person
CRB                        Citarum River Basin
DGWR                       Directorate-General of Water Resources
GEF                        Global Environment Facility
GOI                        Government of Indonesia
ICWRMIP                    Integrated Citarum Water Resource Management Investment Program
IEA                        initial environmental assessment
MPW                        Ministry of Public works
NGO                        non-government organisation
PCMU                       Program Coordination and Management Unit
PIU                        Project Implementation Unit
PPTA                       project preparatory technical assistance
ROW                        right-of-way
RP                         resettlement plan
SRI                        System of Rice Intensification
TA                         technical assistance
TOR                        terms of reference
WTC                        West Tarum Canal

List of Tables

Table 1: Subcomponents .............................................................................................................. 2	

List of Figures

Figure 1: Water Quality Problem Tree ......................................................................................... 6	
Figure 2: Pollution in the Upper Citarum Basin ............................................................................ 7	
Figure 3: Typical Cross Section for WTC Rehabilitation .............................................................. 8	
Figure 4: Helicopters on West Tarum Canal ................................................................................ 8	
Figure 5: Cows to produce organic fertiliser for SRI .................................................................... 9	
Figure 6: SRI paddy fields.......................................................................................................... 10	

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1.     Introduction

1.1.   Rationale
       This report has been prepared to provide a general overview of the environmental and social
       safeguards to be put in place for Project 1 of the Integrated Citarum Water Resources
       Management Investment Program (ICWRMIP). The preparation of the report is part of the
       terms of reference (TOR) for the Program Management Support team and is a milestone for the

1.2.   Citarum River Basin
       The Citarum River Basin (CRB) is located mainly in the province of West Java, and covers a
                                2                                                                          2
       total of about 13,000 km . It consists of a cluster of river basins consisting of: (i) the 6,600 km
       Citarum River hydrological basin itself that lies in the central part of the program area and flows
       from south to north into the Java Sea; (ii) the 4,400 km group of small basins whose drainage
       areas are connected to the Citarum river system through the East Tarum Canal (Ciherang,
       Cilamaya, Ciasem, Cipunegara and Cipancuh Rivers); and (iii) the Cikarang and Bekasi rivers,
       with a combined drainage area of 2,000 km , which are also connected with the Citarum River
       via the West Tarum Canal (WTC). The CRB lies immediately to the east of the Jabodetabek

1.3.   Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Investment Program
       The ICWRMIP is a 15-year, multi-sectoral project with a total cost of around $1 billion, with $500
       million to be provided as an Asian Development Bank (ADB) loan to the Government of
       Indonesia (GOI). It is planned to use these funds in four (or perhaps more) tranches. The loan
       was approved on 4 December 2008. The program consists of a large number of component
       projects (subcomponents) in different sectors - all related to water and environmental
       management - with many inter-relationships among them.

       The first tranche of the loan (also designated as Project 1) has been designed to undertake
       priority interventions for basin management in the Citarum River Basin. In all there are eight
       subcomponents of Project 1 and these are described below. Additionally, there are ten further
       subcomponents that are funded by grants provided by ADB and the Global Environment Facility
       (GEF). However, these grant-funded subcomponents are outside the scope of the coordinating,
       monitoring and reporting responsibilities of this project.

       The eight loan-funded subcomponents cover five separate ministries, namely Public Works,
       Health, Agriculture, Environment and Bappenas. The Directorate-General of Water Resources
       (DGWR) of the Ministry of Public Works (MPW) is the Executing Agency for the program. Each
       ministry has established one or more Project Implementation Units (PIU) to manage their
       particular subcomponent(s). In addition, a Program Coordination and Management Unit
       (PCMU) has been established in the Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Citarum (the Citarum River
       Basin Management Organisation), that is part of the Ministry of Public Works. The PCMU has a
       role in coordinating and managing this complex program, and has the responsibility to provide
       consolidated reports for all subcomponents to the Executing Agency, ADB and Bappenas. The
       Egis International consulting team provides ongoing support to the PCMU.

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1.4.   Program Management Support
       While the PIUs are directly responsible for ensuring that all appropriate social and environ-
       mental safeguards are planned and implemented for their particular project (subcomponent),
       the consultant team plays a support and oversight role, including:
        Dissemination of safeguards frameworks, plans and guidelines (environmental and social) to
          PIUs and ensure understanding of safeguards requirements by PIU personnel;
        Monitoring social and environmental activities related to agreed safeguard frameworks, plans
          and guidelines;
        Providing advice and oversight for the implementation of safeguard policies and specifically
          Resettlement Plans and IEEs/EIAs in a timely manner;
        Ensuring full disclosure to stakeholders of documents and other information related to
          environmental and social safeguard frameworks.

       A Social and Environmental Safeguards Specialist has been mobilised to the project team to
       take the lead in these activities.

2.     Components of ICWRMIP
       There are eight loan-funded subcomponents in Project 1. These are briefly described in Table
       1. The key social and environmental issues associated with each component (where
       applicable) and plans to address these issues are described in later sections.

       Table 1: Subcomponents

          No.     Subcomponent Title          Main Activities
          1.1    Roadmap Management              Strategic development and implementation of the Citarum
                                                  IWRM Roadmap
                                                 Liaison with executing agencies and other relevant
                                                 Identification and development of investment opportunities
                                                  (including private sector) for Roadmap implementation
                                                 Roadmap development and implementation of a media
                                                  communication plan
          2.1    Rehabilitation of West          Resettlement planning and implementation
                 Tarum Canal                     Detailed investigations
                                                 Detailed engineering design
                                                 Tendering and procurement for construction
                                                 Construction of improvement works
          2.2    Improved Soil and Water         Promote the adoption of improved agricultural practices
                 Management                       (SRI) for paddy rice, to increase rice yield and reduce water
                                                 Monitor and report of impacts of SRI on production and
                                                  water use
          2.3    Support for Community           Developing improved facilities for local water supply and
                 and CSO Driven Initiatives       sanitation by mobilising the resources of the community
                 for Improved Water Supply       Focuses on villages along West Tarum Canal
                 and Sanitation

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          No.     Subcomponent Title         Main Activities

          2.6    Detailed Engineering           Resettlement planning and implementation
                 Design for Upgrading           Detailed investigations
                 Bandung Water Sources
                                                Detailed engineering design
                                                Tendering and procurement for construction
                                                To be undertaken following completion of a feasibility study,
                                                 which will be funded as a PPTA (grant)
          4.1    Development of a River         Preparation of basin-wide River Quality Improvement
                 Quality Improvement             Strategy
                 Strategy and Action Plans      Preparation of area-based pollution sources management
                 for the Basin                   action plans
                                                Improvements to water quality monitoring
                                                Water quality database development
          8.1    Program Management             Development of information systems for monitoring and
                 Support                         data exchange
                                                Liaison with executing agencies and other relevant
                                                 stakeholders and coordination among component projects
                                                Monitoring and reporting of project performance
                                                Capacity building for PCMU and PIU personnel
          8.2    Independent Monitoring         Development and implementation of a Roadmap
                 and Evaluation                  Performance Management System

3.     Need for Social and Environmental Safeguards

3.1.   General
       Social safeguards, in the context of this report, include those for: involuntary resettlement;
       indigenous peoples; and gender. The main environmental safeguards include those for: land
       degradation, biodiversity and habitat; air quality; and water quality.

       The objectives of social and environmental safeguards are to: (i) avoid adverse impacts of
       projects on the environment and affected people where possible; (ii) minimize, mitigate, and/or
       compensate for adverse project impacts on the environment and affected people when
       avoidance is not possible; and develop the capacity to manage environmental and social risks.
       All safeguard policies should involve a structured process of impact assessment, planning, and
       mitigation to address the adverse effects of projects throughout the entire project cycle and
       minimise long term impact “legacies” into the future. The safeguard policies require that: (i)
       impacts are identified and assessed early in the project cycle; (ii) plans to avoid, minimize,
       mitigate, or compensate for the potential adverse impacts are developed and implemented; and
       (iii) affected people are informed and consulted during project preparation and implementation.
       There is a need to maximise the integration of environmental and social safeguards at local and
       (in the case of the ICWRMIP) basin level, for a stronger focus on sustainable development and
       desired outcomes of project interventions.

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3.2.   Social and Environmental Safeguards Requirements of ADB
       Under the Loan Agreement, as specified in the Program Administration Memorandum, GOI will
       ensure that (i) all projects financed under the Investment Program are carried out in full
       compliance with:
        All applicable laws and regulations of the Government;
        ADB’s safeguard policies, including the policies on involuntary resettlement, the
          environment, and indigenous peoples;
        The Gender Action Plan;
        The Resettlement Framework;
        The Environmental Management Plan;
        The Environmental Assessment and Review Framework.

       These are to be used to guide: (i) project preparation and implementation; and (ii) resettlement
       plans, initial environmental examination reports, environmental impact assessments, and
       environmental management plans.

       For each subcomponent of the IP requiring resettlement, such resettlement is to be carried out
       in accordance with a specific Resettlement Plan (RP) prepared by the PIU for that component.
       The RPs must be based on and comply with the principles laid down in the approved
       Resettlement Framework.

       Throughout the investment program implementation period, the Government will ensure that
       sufficient funds are made available as and when necessary for the efficient and timely
       implementation of resettlement and environmental safeguard activities. Quarterly project
       implementation reporting shall include implementation progress of the (i) environmental
       management plans and measures taken under the initial environmental examination (IEA) and
       environmental monitoring carried out as a regular part of project implementation and (ii)
       resettlement monitoring as detailed in the resettlement plan. These safeguard reports shall be
       disclosed in accordance with ADB’s Public Communication Policy (2005).

4.     Key Social and Environmental Issues

4.1.   Resettlement Issues
       The following resettlement effects have been identified and will be addressed accordingly as per
       this RF during the system improvement of the WTC, and other Project subprojects and
       components: (i) use of the shoulder of the inspection road for the temporary stock-piling of re-
       usable dredged materials; (ii) loss of use of areas of the ex-river beds which farmers have made
       productive over the years with the planned dumping of spoils thereat; (iii) acquisition of a
       number of structures on the embankments and which are concentrated at bridges and road
       crossings, including platforms on stilts above the water and which are used for toilet, bath, and
       laundry; (iv) disruption or loss of income from shops, canal crossing boats/ferries, and other
       businesses; (v) possible disruption, if not total cutting-off, of the water supply of individual
       households that tap water directly from the canals with the use of rubber hoses; and (vi)
       possible restricted access to communal resources for protected area management of the
       watershed for biodiversity. An RP update will prepare for the WTC.

       RF applies to all other subprojects and components, including the Protected Area Management
       for Biodiversity component of Tranche 1 that may involve restricted access to resources, and
       the community-driven initiatives for improved water supply and sanitation under Tranche 1.

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4.1.1. Gaps in Indonesian Laws and Comparison with ADB Policies
The main limitation of Presidential Decree No. 65/2006, the applicable provisions of Presidential
Decree No. 36/2005 and Presidential Decree No. 55/1993, including their enabling decrees,
such as the Regulation of the State Minister of Agrarian Affairs and National Land Agency No. 1
of 1994, lies on the fact that they have not been conceived and planned to address a multi-
faceted social phenomenon known as involuntary resettlement. Said laws are concerned, more
than anything else, with acquiring in the most expeditious way properties needed for the right-
of-way (ROW) of government projects. But as explained at length in earlier sections, acquisition
and/or clearing of project ROW may involve displacement of people from both material and non-
material assets. These people, most of whom are already poor to begin with, are at risk of
further impoverishment in the form of landlessness, joblessness, homelessness, economic
marginalization, increased morbidity and mortality, food insecurity, loss of access to common
property, and disintegration of community and social ties and organizations. Certainly, existing
laws and policies on land acquisition cannot address these risks.

4.1.2. Sub-component 2.1: Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal
For each component of the Investment Program requiring resettlement, such resettlement will
be carried out in accordance with a specific Resettlement Plan prepared by the PIU for that
component. The RPs must be based on and comply with the principles laid down in the
approved Resettlement Framework for the IP. Each resettlement plan is: (i) to be prepared
based on the detailed feasibility studies (detail designs during implementation may require
updating of RP) or detailed designs; (ii) to include complete information on full census, final
asset inventory and valuation, and final budget; (iii) to be made available to the affected people
in draft and final forms, including information on measurement of losses, detailed asset
valuation, entitlements and special provisions, grievance procedures, timing for payment, and
displacement schedule; and (iv) to be approved by ADB prior to notice to proceed for civil works
contractors. Affected people will be provided certain resettlement entitlements such as land and
asset compensation and transfer allowances, prior to their displacement, dispossession, or
restricted access.

Moreover, there are associated social issues that need to be addressed in the system
improvement of the canal. These issues revolve around health and sanitation in the locality and
these are rooted to poverty. While for instance owners of toilet and washing facilities in the
canals will be compensated at replacement cost for these structures, these AHs and their
communities also need to be provided with alternative facilities that are hygienic and that will
last. The AHs cannot be allowed to rebuild their temporary toilet facilities in the waterway
following completion of civil works in the canals; it is not just the health of these AHs that is at
risk but also those of water users in Jakarta. Another health issue that requires a sustainable
alternative with the clearing of the canals of obstructions concerns the need to provide
communities adjacent to the embankments with safe household water. Water hoses connected
to individual houses abound in the entire stretch of the canal. The third health-related issue
concerns the risk of sexually-transmitted diseases (for example, HIV/AIDS) spreading during
rehabilitation works.
Water supply and sanitation will be improved under the Project component Support for
Community-and NGO-Driven Initiatives for Improved Water Supply and Sanitation; sites for
small land needs for this will be minimal and decided by the communities. For the WTC, this is
covered under the WTC RP. For example, water supply access, and use of platforms for
washing and toilet will have to be discontinued because of the canal rehabilitation works.

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4.2.   Environmental Issues

       4.2.1. General
       The Strategic Environmental Assessment carried out in Phase 3 of TA4381-INO identified a
       wide range of environmental issues for the CRB as a whole. An extract from that report that
       provides the detail is included as Attachment 1. In summary, the environmental main issues
        Water availability/scarcity
        Groundwater exploitation
        Erosion and sedimentation
        Flooding and water-related disasters
        Water pollution
        Threats to ecology
        Weak policies and institutions

       The ICWRMIP includes interventions that address most of the above issues.

       The Strategic Environmental Assessment also did a more detailed analysis of water quality
       problems in the CRB, since water quality is arguably the most pressing issue for water
       management in the basin. This analysis is presented as a “problem tree” as shown in Figure 1.

       Figure 1: Water Quality Problem Tree

       Developed as part of the Strategic Environmental Assessment carried out in Phase 3 of TA4381-INO

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It can be seen that there are multiple causes of the water supply and water quality degradation
in the CRB. Also many of the causes and impacts are inter-related – there is not a simple
connection between a single cause and its effect.

In the Upper Citarum Basin particularly, pollution of waterways, caused by lack of wastewater
treatment, poor solid waste management, and degraded catchments, is a major issue, as
illustrated by Figure 2.

Figure 2: Pollution in the Upper Citarum Basin

Courtesy: Ng Swan Ti

4.2.2. Subcomponent 2.1: Rehabilitation of West Tarum Canal
The feasibility study for the WTC project showed that the rehabilitation of the canal would not
require widening of the existing width of the canal, although some change in cross-section is
required along some sections (see Figure 3). System improvement of the canals will mainly
require dredging and removal of silt, and the rehabilitation of ancillary structures (that is, flumes
that double as canal crossings for people, sluice gates, etc). However, a number of fixed
structures, such as houses and shops, are found along the inner slope of the canal
embankments. These will have to be removed. Additionally, wooden and bamboo platforms
used for toilet, bath and for laundry (known as “helicopters”) abound on or above the water
surface of the canals (see Figure 4). These too have to be removed. Such removal will
generate a social problem in itself, so Subcomponent 2.3 aims to provide alternative sanitation
facilities for communities that presently depend on the helicopters.

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Figure 3: Typical Cross Section for WTC Rehabilitation

Figure 4: Helicopters on West Tarum Canal

Courtesy: Steve Griffiths

With regard to the dredging and removal of silt, an estimated 1.7 million m of silt and earth will
be removed from the WTC. Disposal of these dredged materials is, however, a potential
resettlement issue, as re-usable dredged earth will need to be stockpiled on the embankments
of the canals as a temporary staging area, and disposal sites for non-reusable soils may require
removal of existing buildings.

Dredging spoils must be dewatered before moving to allow the foul smell to subside and so that
these are dry enough to be transported to the spoil banks without excessive spilling on roads.

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Using dredging spoil as a resource should be considered. If suitable, coarse sediments could
be used as base material for improving inspection roads in the irrigation service areas.
Disposal sites along roads should have adequate drainage to prevent runoff from sediment piles
from contaminating any nearby household wells.
Odour from dredged anaerobic sediment is to be expected. Although the smell usually
subsides within a few days of exposure to air, residents in the immediate vicinity of the dredging
should be informed and assured that the foul smell is temporary.

Affected communities should be informed of the disruptions to be expected and their duration,
and contractor should be required to prepare spoil disposal and nuisance minimisation plans.

4.2.3. Sub-Component 2.2: Improved Land and Water Management
Adoption of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) has been accelerated in several areas of the
CRB as a result of this project. About 3,000 ha of paddy land in three districts will improve
water management practices leading to increased yields and reduced water consumption.

Alternatives to exclusive chemical pest/weed control should be promoted, for example,
integrated pest management (IPM). The latter is essentially a strategy of more than one
method of pest control, with chemical control (pesticides) resorted to only as a last resort and
based on economic thresholds.

IPM should be combined with SRI. Both are knowledge-based practices. Requirements for
effective SRI-IPM are site-specific. The mode of extending the technology to farmers must be
carefully planned.

Figure 5: Cows to produce organic fertiliser for SRI

        Courtesy: Euis Masripah

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       Figure 6: SRI paddy fields

               Courtesy: Euis Masripah

       4.2.4. Sub-Component 2.3: Support for Community and NGO-Driven Initiatives for
              Improved Water Supply and Sanitation
       Environmental risks are likely to be associated primarily with the community water supply
       activities. The water supply component will provide grants for communities to plan, build and
       manage water supply systems based on a menu of possible technical options. However, since
       the scale of most sub-projects is expected to be small, no major adverse impacts are expected.
       In addition, the finalized list of technical options will not include options that are known to lead to
       significant residual environmental impacts or to place a substantial environmental management
       responsibility on local communities during the operational phase. For example, part of the
       process of site selection for water supply schemes will include water quality testing to ensure
       that potential sources meet Government of Indonesia ‘clean water’ standards.

       Adequate measures for community information and involvement in water supply and sanitation
       planning should be provided. Septic tanks should have sealed bottoms and should not be
       constructed closer than 10m from wells and creeks used for water supply.

       Stakeholder forums should be established to address community water supply and sanitation
       issues and communities along the WTC.

5.     Progress to Date

5.1.   General
       All subcomponents of the ICWRMIP are running behind schedule at the present time. This has
       been mainly due to delays in procurement of consultants and project startup. Accordingly, at
       the time of writing this report, a number of the subcomponent PIUs have not prepared proper
       safeguards plans.

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5.2.   Social Safeguards
       Progress on the resettlement safeguards for Subcomponent 2.1, which is where the major
       resettlement issues will certainly occur, is going forward. The key task at the time of writing this
       report was the updating of the Resettlement Plan. This is being carried out under a subcontract
       under the main contract with the Korea Rural Community Corporation (KRC). The consultants
       for the RP updating have already been mobilised and work has commenced.

       However, it is an ADB requirement that an external monitoring agency (EMA) should be
       engaged to oversee both the updated of the RP and its implementation. The organisation to
       take the role of EMA is to be procured as a subcontract under the Subcomponent 8.1 (Egis
       International) contract. Funds for this purpose were not originally allocated in the contract, so a
       contract amendment has been submitted that includes a provision sum to allow Egis Inter-
       national to procure the EMA. Unfortunately, signing of the contract amendment has yet to be
       completed, so the procurement cannot be finalised, even though prospective organisations
       have been evaluated in terms of their suitability. Hopefully, procurement will be completed by
       the end of September 2011.

5.3.   Environmental Safeguards
       The only subcomponent that is at the stage of preparing environmental safeguards is again
       Subcomponent 2.1. In this case an AMDAL (an environmental assessment required under
       Indonesian law) needs to be prepared, then submitted for approval. At the time of writing this
       report, preparations were being made for the procurement of consultants (again by subcontract
       under the main KRC contract) to do this work. Under Indonesia law, the AMDAL preparation
       must be undertaken under the direction of an environmental specialist that has appropriate
       certification by the Ministry of Envronment.

6.     Plan for Social and Environmental Safeguards Implementation
       Based on information provided by the various PIUs for each subcomponent, a plan for
       implementation of social and environmental safeguards has been prepared, and is shown in
       Attachment 2.
       Some more specific recommendations for implementing gender safeguards was prepared
       during the bridging TA and most of the guidelines contained therein are still relevant. Therefore,
       for reference purposes, these are given (with some modification) in Attachment 3.

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ATTACHMENT 1: Citarum Baseline Environmental Assessment
[prepared under TA7189-INO Phase 3]

Program Management Support

1.       The environment and water quality-related problems in the Citarum River Basin are
relatively well known and documented. Over the years, numerous studies have examined
these problems. Although given the nature of most of the past project-oriented studies, past
problem assessments tended to lack the comprehensiveness.

2.      A listing of reports describing the situation in the basin is presented in the
bibliography compiled for the SEA. The key problems affecting the river basin, derived from
references, initial site visits and stakeholder meetings are summarized below:

A. Water Availability/Scarcity

3.       Average annual demand from the Jatiluhur reservoir has increased from 140 m3/sec in
1996 to156 m3/sec in 2004. In 1996, the Jatiluhur system supplied adequate water releases for
irrigation and domestic/industrial supply (through the West, North and East Tarum Canals).
However, in 2001, the system failed to meet water needs for 1.5 months during the dry
season, and in 2005, it failed to meet water needs for 5 months.

4.      Inflow into the Saguling reservoir has been decreasing. Between 1986 and 1991, dry
season flow into the Saguling reservoir was 38% of the average annual flow. This percentage
went down to 36% between 1992 and 1997, and declined further to 34% starting in 1998.
Watershed degradation is seen as the principal cause. Denuded catchments have reduced
capacity to capture rainwater, resulting in high peak flows during the rainy months. In turn,
the lower water retention capacity reduces the amount of water available for release as “base
flow” during the summer months.

5.      It is not certain to what extent water scarcity at the source (catchment areas and
reservoir storage) is the real problem. One view is that, even if reservoir storage volumes and
releases are adequate, the poor condition of the water distribution system results in a lot of
water being lost or wasted, thereby failing to meet water needs at the users’ end. This is
particularly true for the lower basin area. The PPTA report indicates that hydraulic control
structures in the lower basin are defective or are malfunctioning due to lack of maintenance.
Nonetheless, continued watershed degradation combined with increasing water demands for
agriculture, industry and drinking water are bound to create water scarcity problems in the
coming years.

6.      In the Bandung area, however, the effects of water scarcity are already widely felt.
Most of the water supply for households and industry there currently come from groundwater,
which is already overused. Indeed, much of the criticism directed at the earlier PPTA
recommendations had to do with the perceived lack of attention to the water supply concerns
of Bandung. Groundwater extraction is excessive and unsustainable. There are few river
catchments upstream that are suitable for reservoir development. It is thought that the long
term solution lies in tapping the existing Saguling reservoir, if pollution problems can be
addressed. Tapping the Saguling will require a watershed-wide intervention to arrest
pollution, undesirable hydrologic regimes and excessive sediment loading.

B. Groundwater Exploitation

7.       Surface water provides only for part of the basin’s water needs. A considerable
portion of the region’s water demand, in particular that of Jakarta and Bandung, is supplied
by groundwater. The rate of groundwater extraction is believed to be considerably under-
estimated, since a large portion of the extraction activities are not registered. Actual
abstraction is believed to be at least 3 times the quantity reflected in official records.
8.       As early as 1997, a JICA study had estimated groundwater abstraction in DKI Jakarta
to be around 8 m3/sec. This is about half of the surface water supplied to the metropolitan area
by the West Tarum Canal. As reported in the JICA study, domestic use accounted for almost
90% of total groundwater abstraction in Jakarta. As a result, groundwater is thought to have
exceeded sustainable levels. In both Jakarta and Bandung, over-exploitation of groundwater is
reported to have caused land subsidence. In turn, this has caused structural damage to some
buildings and, more significantly, exacerbated local drainage and flooding problems.

9.       In Bandung, an estimated 90% of the population, and 98% of the industries, rely on
groundwater. Modeling studies done in 2002 suggest that recorded groundwater extraction is
only about one-third of the actual amount. The lowering of the groundwater level is
reportedly up to 5 meters per year in some places. The cumulative water level decline since
1920 has been 85 m. In 2005, it was estimated that land subsidence had reached 0.8 m. In
order to get clean water, industrial wells have to be drilled to beyond 150 m.

10.     Industrial groundwater abstraction in Bandung has also had a devastating effect on
shallow wells on which numerous households depend. Most industrial and domestic effluent
are not treated, and the infiltration of polluted water has caused a deterioration in the water
quality of shallow wells, indicated by black an yellowish water color.

11.     Correcting the groundwater mining problem, particular in Bandung, will necessitate
finding alternative water supply sources for the large number of industries and households
that currently depend on groundwater. Especially as pollution effects render shallow wells
unsafe, replacement sources for water supply are expected to intensify. It is thought that
improved management of the surface water resource will provide long term remedy. For
groundwater levels to also recover, rehabilitation of the watershed recharge areas is necessary
including measures using artificial recharge (e.g., recharge well systems).

C. Erosion and Sedimentation

12.     Watershed erosion is a serious problem in the upper river basin where hillsides are
steep and the catchment denuded. Even on steep slopes, farmers cultivate non-perennial crops
which do not provide adequate ground cover from the heavy monsoon rains. The soils,
derived from volcanic tuff, are easily erodible and are prone to land slides. High peak flows
have also increased the rate of river bank erosion.

13.     Hydrologic flow regimes have been adversely changed by land degradation, notably
the loss of adequate forest cover and the prevalence of hillside farming in the upper
catchments. The degraded catchments have reduced capacity to capture rainwater, resulting in
high peak flows during the rainy months which carry large amounts of eroded soil. At the
entrance to Saguling Reservoir, the ratio of wet season high flows to dry season low flows has
increased from 3.4 recorded in 1992 to 7.4 in 2003. As a result, landslides and mud flows are
frequent during the rainy season. Figure 1 shows the extent of degraded areas in the basin
(around 25% of the basin area). These areas have erosion rates in excess of 60 tons per ha per

14.     Wet season floods carry large amounts of sediment into the three reservoirs,
especially at Saguling. Here, the average annual sediment inflow was estimated at 8 million
cubic meters (based on bathymetric surveys of the reservoir conducted by Indonesia Power, a
state-owned company, in 2004). Relative to the Saguling reservoir’s catchment area, the
sediment load is equivalent to an erosion rate of 3 mm per year, nearly times the original
design rate. A similar alarming rate of watershed erosion is reported for the Cirata reservoir.
                         Figure 1. Degraded and Flood-prone Areas

          Degraded/Eroded Areas                    Areas Prone to Flooding and Mud Flows

15.      The three cascading reservoirs (Saguling, Cirata and Jatiluhur) were built to regulate
flows, provide hydropower, and store/supply water for irrigation, industrial and domestic use.
They also trap sediments. The rate at which sediments are being deposited in the reservoirs is
rapidly reducing storage capacity and shortening their useful life.

16.       In the lower Citarum basin, regulated discharges coming from the Jatiluhur reservoir
combine with the flow from the Cikao River. The latter transports considerable quantities of
sediment into the Curug diversion weir. Although much of the sediment is prevented from
entering the canals (WTC, NTC and ETC), the large quantities of sediment are transported
downstream by the Citarum River. The Cibeet River, which joins the Citarum River, adds a
significant volume to the latter’s sediment load. This load is then deposited in the delta where
it silts up the river outlet and exacerbates flooding.

17.     Within the WTC, sediment is brought into the canal at the confluence with the Cibeet,
Cikarang and Bekasi Rivers. Occuring mainly during the rainy season, the sediment load has
silted up the canal bed and caused reduction in canal conveyance capacity. Whereas the
source of sediment load in the upper basin is watershed denudation due to upland farming, the
sediment load from the Cibeet and Bekasi Rivers come from land conversion to support urban
development activities taking place in the catchment.

D. Flooding and Water-Related Disasters

18.     Flooding is a consequence mainly of changes in the river flow regime, in turn caused
by changes in watershed conditions. Areas affected by flooding and related landslides and
mudflows are shown in Figure 1. As water retention capacity of the river catchments is
reduced by denudation and land conversion for urban development, flood peaks have
increased. As mentioned above, the ratio of wet season peak flows to dry season low flows in
the upper basin has increased from 3.4 in 1992 to 7.3 in 2003. The increased flood frequency
and severity are also invariably associated with destructive landslides and mud flows. In the
upper basin (Bandung area), recent severe flooding and mud flows occurred in February 2005
affected an area covering 2,000 ha. The flooding submerged parts of the area for 7 days and
up to 2 meters deep; 50,000 inhabitants had to be evacuated.
19.      Flooding around Bandung has become more frequent and severe. Here, however,
there is no single cause. The problem is due to a combination of: (i) watershed denudation,
(ii) effects of past re-alignment/straightening of the Citarum river (through cutoffs) which,
while alleviating flooding upstream, increase peak flows downstream, (iii) localized land
subsidence due to groundwater over-pumping that impair drainage, and (iv) clogging of
drainage canals and streams by garbage. Flood-prone areas around Bandung are located in the
south area of the city along the Citarum River (Dayeuh Kolot).

20.     Currently, measures to reduce or mitigate flooding problems in the upper basin are
being undertaken through the Upper Citarum Flood Control Project. Remediation measures
include re-greening/reforestation and introduction of structural erosion control measures in
the watershed, as well as improvement of the urban drainage system around Bandung.

21.     At the lower basin (near Jakarta) where the Cikeas and Cileungsi Rivers join to
become the Bekasi River, converging floodwater from the two tributaries have caused
perennial flooding in Bekasi City. Already naturally prone to flooding due to the area’s
location downstream of the confluence of two rivers, the flooding problem is expected to
worsen as more of Bekasi’s upper catchment is subjected to land conversion for urban and
industrial development.

22.      Along the lower Citarum River levees/embankments built during the Dutch period
help confine flooding within the river’s meander zone and provide protection to the
surrounding settlements. However, areas of the floodway within the levees have been planted
with crops and fruit trees that have the effect of retarding flow, contributing to high water
levels. Also, a long term effect of the river embankments has been to raise the riverbed due to
sediment accumulation, as levees prevent the spilling of sediments onto the surrounding plain.
Consequently, floodwater levels inside the levees are frequently higher than the level of the
surrounding land, putting surrounding settlements at risk in case of levee failure.

23.     At the Citarum river mouth, the build-up of deposited sediments has created sand
dunes that impede floodwater discharge. Combined with the effect of high tides, the
constricted river outlet causes perennial inundation of the lower basin near the delta as
floodwater is forced to back up into the alluvial plain.

E. Water Pollution

24.      The population within the program area is growing at more than 3% annually,
attributed in part to influx of migrants attracted by the region’s rapid development. The
combined effects of untreated domestic sewage, solid waste disposal and industrial effluents
have significantly increased pollution loads in the Citarum river system. In the upper basin,
river water polluted by domestic and industrial waste from Bandung flows into the Saguling
reservoir. At the inlet to the reservoir, water quality monitoring in the late 1990s showed
average annual BOD concentrations as high as 300 mg/l. Control measures reduced the BOD
load to 200 mg/l by year 2000, and further reduced to 55 mg/l during subsequent years.
However, as reported by Indonesia Power in 2004, BOD concentrations at the Saguling
reservoir inlet still go up to as high as 130 mg/l during the dry season. In recent years, the
BOD concentrations in the Cikapunding River (a major tributary of the Saguling River which
flows through Bandung) were reported to reach as high as 100 mg/l. Figure 2 provides a
profile of BOD levels in the Citarum River.

25.     Runoff from hillside farms, in addition, bring in massive amounts of plant nutrients
(nitrogen and phosphorus) that induce eutrophication in the reservoirs. At Saguling where the
problem is most significant, nitrogen loading has been estimated at 33,350 tons per year, and
for Phosphorus, 4,370 tons per year. Algal blooms and their subsequent decay have been
blamed for the regular occurrence of fish kills and considerable damage to the floating fish
cage industry (although some fish kills have been attributed to other causes, e.g.,
virus/bacteria). In turn, the uncontrolled expansion of fish cage operations has added to the
effects of polluted water coming into the reservoir. Improper or excessive fish feeding in the
floating cages increases the waste load as unconsumed feed accumulates on the reservoir bed.
When these organic deposits are disturbed and resuspended (e.g., at the start of the rainy
season when increased inflows induce mixing in the reservoir and during temperature-
induced inversion) oxygen demand becomes excessive. This is thought to be a key factor in
causing perennial fish kills.

                           Figure 2. BOD Profile in Citarum River

26.      Whereas pollution of the (upper basin) Saguling reservoir poses a serious threat to the
viability of fishery activities and potential future use of the reservoir to supply water to
Bandung, the pollution in the lower basin—particularly in the downstream portion of the
West Tarum Canal—poses an equally urgent water quality problem. The WTC supplies 80%
of Jakarta’s (surface) raw water supply, and hence is vital to the well-being of 8 million
inhabitants. On its route to Jakarta, the WTC intersects the Bekasi River which drains an area
rapidly being developed for residential and industrial use. At the Bekasi River’s confluence
with the WTC, the average annual BOD concentration in 2004 was 48 mg/l (measured at the
weir site). The pollution load in the Bekasi River is caused by untreated household sewage,
industrial wastewater, and solid waste dumped along the river banks.

27.     Lack of proper solid waste management contributes to both pollution and flooding.
Garbage deposited along canals and riverbanks contribute to the high BOD. They also clog
drains and accumulate on riverbeds reducing discharge capacity. According to the PD
Kebersihan of Bandung City, average daily solid waste generation is 6,500 m3/day, of which
an estimated 1,500 m3/day is not collected and properly disposed. Thus the annual uncollected
garbage that invariably end up accumulating in the drainage system and rivers amounts to
500,000 m3. According to the Saguling Dam office, the estimate inflow of solid waste into the
reservoir is 250,000 m3 per year.

28.     Along the West Tarum Canal, reduction in conveyance capacity is due both to
sediment deposits and the prolific growth of aquatic plants (which create friction in water
flow). Apart from contributing to the bottom detritus, aquatic plants trap silt and accelerate
canal shallowing. Plant growth is promoted by the use of the canal as toilet and
bathing/washing area for residents, which adds substantial quantities of plant nutrients in the

29.    Residential and commercial establishments along the canal are dense particularly
downstream of the waterway from Cikarang and Bekasi to Jakarta. There is open access to the
canal (only the Jakarta portion is fenced). Where the canal width has narrowed and more land
has been exposed on the water side of the road embankment, food stalls, scavenging shops,
and other small-scale commercial establishments have sprouted. Wastewater and garbage
from these establishments are disposed of directly into the canal.

30.     Annex B provides a detailed assessment of the existing water quality monitoring
system in the basin and the pollution loads.

F. Threats to Ecology

31.      Ecosystem transformation is usually divided into these five phases: an initially
pristine area is perforated by patches of disturbance (forest clearing, farming, settlement),
then dissected by roads as areas become more urbanized, then fragmentation into patches of
remaining natural ecosystems, followed by shrinkage of these remaining patches and their
gradual disappearance by attrition. West Java and the Citarum basin may be characterized as
having reached the fragmentation stage and, in the more vulnerable areas, shrinkage of its
remaining natural ecosystem patches—notably forests--is a continuing trend. Radical land use
changes over the last 150 years have left only scattered remnants of natural forest ecosystems.
All low-lying protected areas are currently being further degraded by human activities.
Forested areas and areas with endangered flora and fauna, including important bird areas, are
shown in Figure 3. A summary of the basin’s biodiversity is presented in Annex C.

             Figure 3. Remaining Forest and Areas of Endangered Biodiversity

32.     Two national parks are located in the upper catchment of the Citarum River: Gunung
Gede Pangrango (15,000 ha), and Gunung Halimum (40,000 ha). Both are classified as
Category II –managed for ecosystem protection and recreation -- under IUCN’s protected
area management classification system. Gunung Halimum has one of the most extensive area
of evergreen torpical rainforest remaining in the island of Java. Gunung Gede Pangrango
national park is primarily covered with sub-montane and montane forests that exemplify the
primary rainforests of Indonesia. It forms the core of the Cibodas biosphere reserve. Gunung
Gede is the source of numerous streams and rivers that drain into Jakarta Bay and Java Sea,
including the Citarum River. The rivers flowing from the park provide water worth an
estimated $1.5 billion annually for domestic and agricultural uses.
33.      The WWF has underscored the international biodiversity importance of Java’s
remaining sub-alpine and montane forests as these are among the most ecologically intact
areas of forest remaining in Java. Further, these areas contain both a number of endemic
species and many lowland species found in lower montane zones. For this reason, all the
mountainous protected areas in the Citarum river basin are of a high priority for conservation
actions. As such, all extensive remaining patches of natural vegetation in the Citarum basin,
even if secondary growth, are of the highest conservation significance.

34.      Streams in the upper catchment areas in the Citarum River Basin, particularly in the
area of Gunung Wayang, are relatively unpolluted and retain a moderately diverse macro
benthic fauna. However, pollution in these areas is also occurring as a consequence of cattle
excrement and soil erosion. The mid stream areas are heavily polluted by factory effluent
which dramatically lowers macro benthic faunal diversity, which also effects water quality
further down stream.

35.     A wealth of biodiversity also exists in village gardens that are found extensively
throughout the basin. These places retain important relict populations of a lowland biota that
has all but disappeared from many areas in Java. Soemarwoto and Conway (1992) studied
village gardens in the Citarum river basin at various altitudes from sea level to 3,000 m,
including near the Saguling and Cirata dams. They reported the biological richness of village
gardens. Village gardens are also a good habitat for small wild animals such as birds, reptiles,
and amphibians.

G. Weak Policies and Institutions

36.     Without intending to oversimplify the complexity of the problems related to policies
and institutions for managing the basin, the main problems may be summarized as follows.
Although PJT II is mandated to manage the whole Citarum river basin, its actual scope of
management is limited to “in-stream” river management and raw water supply (up to the
secondary canal level). However, many of the basin’s management problems are “off-stream”
in nature (e.g., watershed degradation, urban and industrial pollution). The latter are the
purview mainly of the local governments (district level) or central government entities (e.g.,
the Forest Department) over which PJT II has no control (besides coordination)

37.      Apart from its primarily in-stream management functions (i.e., maintenance of
hydraulic facilities and dredging of canals), PJT II is only a recommendatory body on water
allocation and water quality management matters. On the other hand, the existing basin
management council (PPTPA, which in turn is a recommendatory body to the Provincial
Governors of West Java and Jakarta) is dominated by the public sector (national and local
government entities) and do not represent the true variety of sectors with important stakes in
basin management (industries, communities, NGOs). This is expected to be corrected with the
implementation of Law 7/2004 which mandates creation of more representative national and
basin-wide water resources management bodies. A more inclusive basin management council
for Citarum is to be created on the basis of Law 7/2004.

38.      PJT II’s management weaknesses ultimately boil down to inadequate resources with
which to perform its in-stream management and water quality monitoring functions, let alone
initiate or contribute to off-stream activities such as reforestation or pollution control. PJT II
is authorized to charge water for hydropower generation (by PLN) and raw water supplies for
drinking and industrial use (at the WTC, for example). However, water rates are believed to
be well below the economic value (scarcity/opportunity cost) of the water provided, and,
more fundamentally, not enough to even cover basic costs of infrastructure maintenance. Raw
water fees reportedly recover only 40% of actual O&M expenditures. Water for irrigation, on
the other hand, is not charged.
39.      Proper water pricing as a (demand) management concept has been around in the
Citarum basin since about ten years ago. For instance, the Jatiluhur WRMP study of 1998
provided specific recommendations on water supply pricing. However, the implementation
obstacles appear to be driven—not so much by a lack of appreciation for the concept on the
part of DPU and the Finance Ministry—but by a still widely-held public notion of water as a
“God-given” free resource. Hence the understandable reluctance of the government to apply
it. Public support for water pricing first needs to be raised, and this will require innovative
approaches in public information and stakeholder involvement (e.g., in the river basin

40.      Pricing of pollution (based on the “polluters-pay-principle, for example as applied to
BOD loads) is also a familiar management concept. However, it has not been applied in the
Citarum basin, and its introduction will require dialogue with the (influential) industry sectors
that could be expected to challenge it. Arbitrarily setting the charge will be resisted. Some
form of decision support system—essentially a water quality model to examine effects of
effluent reductions on meeting agreed-on water quality targets—may be necessary to provide
“scientific” basis for a pollution charge system that is acceptable to industry.

41.      Water pricing, whether for raw water or use of the water as sink for pollutants, is
bound to be debated not just on economic grounds but also with regard to equity and fairness
considerations. Industrial polluters are bound to question why they should be required to pay
for pollution even though an even larger share of the problem is coming from households
(e.g., households are estimated to account for 60 % of the BOD load in Bandung). In the case
of raw water, Jakarta users are likely to challenge why they have to pay increased raw water
charges (currently set at Rp117 per cubic meter) even though farmers are getting irrigation
water from the same source for free. This is where a more inclusive basin management
council will need to play a vital conflict resolution role. For future stakeholder debates to be
informed, an effective information system (linked to a decision-support system) is necessary.

42.      While the PROKASIH-PROPER (Clean Rivers Program) showed big promise as an
innovative cooperation-based approach to industrial pollution control during its introduction
in the late 1980s, it apparently has not been sustained in the basin (and throughout the country
following the change of government in 1998). In Bandung where there are at least 500 large
factories (mostly textile) discharging large quantities of water pollutants, only 100 are
participating in the program (according to BPLHD-West Java). Large industries facing
pollution sanctions often slip through by arguing that sanctions (e.g., closure) would affect the
livelihood of vast numbers of people. Regulatory enforcement needs to be combined with
public education and support in order to be effective.
  Egis International         Report on Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards

ATTACHMENT 2: Consolidated Social and Environmental
Safeguards Plan

Program Management Support
                                                           1. Resettlement

  Sub-        Requires         Resettlement Plan (new or updated)     Issues
component   resettlement?   Completed?    Submitted?      Approved?   Description                                 Proposed actions
   1.1           No            n/a            n/a             n/a     n/a                                         n/a
   2.1          Yes            No             No              No           Disposal of dredged materials a       The recruitment of the NGO for
              (update)                                                      long WTC is an environmental          Resettlement Up date will be
                                                                            issue, but also a potential           completed by July 2011. Short-listed
                                                                            resettlement issue at the spoil
                                                                                                                  NGOs are: Equator, LP3ES and
                                                                            disposal sites.
                                                                           As the draft RP was completed in      Carson.
                                                                            2008, considerable change has
                                                                            now occurred along various parts
                                                                            of the corridor, so the RP needs to
                                                                            be updated.
             Three AHs         Yes            Yes            Yes      Civil working zones (CWZ) clearances        The Relocation Plan has been
            Bekasi Siphon                                             for Bekasi Siphon Stages 1 and 2            submitted on June 15, 2011, because
             Relocation                                               were issued by ADB on 15 July 2010          of 3 AHs have been moved before the
                Plan                                                  since no AHs present in both zones,         Relocation Plan approved, BBWSC
                                                                      while three AHs (before identified as       should revised the document CWZ3
                                                                      two AHs) recorded in CWZ 3. As              before issue
                                                                      proposed by BBWSC during the
                                                                      Special Administrative Mission during
                                                                      2-9 August 2010, the three AHs will
                                                                      relocate to a nearby location, as
                                                                      agreed with the affected persons, who
                                                                      are still to be included in the RP
   2.2           No            n/a            n/a             n/a     n/a                                         n/a
  Sub-        Requires          Resettlement Plan (new or updated)     Issues
component   resettlement?    Completed?    Submitted?      Approved?   Description                                Proposed actions
   2.3                                                                 The Ministry of Health PIU will            TOR, proposals and safeguard
                                                                       implement social and environmental         monitoring tools will be prepared.
                                                                       safeguard principles with regard to        Visits by the SC 8.1 Social and
                                                                       land donation for sanitation facilities,   Environmental Safeguards Specialist
                                                                       and design and construction                will be made to PIUs and sites to
                                                                       guidelines for communal septic tanks       monitor voluntary contribution of land
                                                                       (Manual Pengamanan Lingkungan dan          under the Ministry of Health sub-
                                                                       Sosial Sub-Komponen 2.3).                  component,
   2.6      Not yet known,      n/a            n/a             n/a     n/a                                        n/a
             but probably
   8.1           No             n/a            n/a             n/a     While no resettlement is required          The procurement process has already
                                                                       under this component, it has been          been commenced by Egis
                                                                       agreed that the External Monitoring        International. Three candidate
                                                                       Agency for WTC Resettlement Plan           organisations have been identified.
                                                                       updating and implementation will be        The evaluation and selection process
                                                                       engaged under the Egis International       is expected to take until the end of
                                                                       contract. A provisional sum for this       July. However, no contract can be
                                                                       has been included in Contract              signed until Contract Addendum 1
                                                                       Addendum 1, which at the end of June       has been signed by the PCMU.
                                                                       2011 had been sent to ADB for
                                                                       approval prior to signing.
                                                                       Accordingly, the EMA cannot be
                                                                       procured until the contract addendum
                                                                       is signed.
   8.2           No             n/a            n/a             n/a     n/a                                        n/a
                                                 2. Environmental Safeguards

              Requires      Environmental safeguards (AMDAL or other)   Issues
            safeguards?     Completed?     Submitted?     Approved?     Description                              Proposed actions

   8.1      No             n/a            n/a            n/a            n/a                                      n/a
   2.1      Yes            No             No             No             Adverse impacts are due mainly to        In order to supervise AMDAL
            (AMDAL)                                                     construction works and spoil             activities for the WTC Rehabilitation,
                                                                        disposal; no new adverse impacts         the environmental specialist has
                                                                        are expected from continued              been mobilized on May 2011 under
                                                                        operation of the rehabilitated canal.    the WTC DED consulting services
                                                                        The AMDAL is no on the critical path     contract. The consultant has
                                                                        for the construction works due to        prepared the TOR for the AMDAL
                                                                        commence in June 2012. As the            preparation, and these will be
                                                                        approval process takes at least six      submitted to ADB for approval. The
                                                                        months, work needs to start on the       AMDAL subcontractor is expected to
                                                                        AMDAL as soon as possible.               mobilize on October 2011, and the
                                                                                                                 AMDAL documentation is expected
                                                                                                                 to be completed by June 2012 for
                                                                                                                 approval by related authorities.
            UKL/UPL        Yes            Yes            Yes                                                     Implementation of the environmental
            (Siphon                                                                                              safeguards is in progress.
   2.2      No             n/a            n/a            n/a            The environmental impacts are            Measures to combine SRI with
                                                                        somewhat uncertain (depending on         integrated pest management in order
                                                                        intensity of future chemical pesticide   to reduce reliance on chemical
                                                                        use); adverse impacts related to         pesticides combined with plant-based
                                                                        pesticide use can be mitigated.          pesticides
2.3   No              n/a         n/a         n/a         Environmental impacts are minimal,      The project implementation will
                                                          localized and can be mitigated. It is   identify localized impacts related to
                                                          expected that no formal                 construction of communal septic
                                                          environmental clearance will be         tanks; the provision of community
                                                          required.                               water supply also serves to mitigate
                                                                                                  community water supply disruption
                                                                                                  due to WTC rehabilitation, that is, for
                                                                                                  residents that draw water from the
2.6   Not yet known         n/a         n/a         n/a   n/a                                     n/a
8.1        No               n/a         n/a         n/a   n/a                                     n/a
8.2        No               n/a         n/a         n/a   n/a                                     n/a
                                                            3. Gender

            Requires                Gender Action Plan                                                 Issues
            actions?   Completed?      Submitted?        Approved?   Description                             Proposed actions

   1.1        Yes         No               No               No       A Gender Action Plan was prepared          A gender focal point that will be
                                                                     under TA 7189-INO and                       responsible for screening of
                                                                     subsequently revised in IRM. Specific       subproject from gender
                                                                                                                 responsiveness perspective and
                                                                     items pertaining to this                    gender disaggregated reporting
                                                                     subcomponent need to be identified          will established within the RCMU.
                                                                     and made specific.                         At least a proportional number of
                                                                                                                 female government staff and
                                                                                                                 consultants will be involved in the
                                                                                                                Both female and make staff will
                                                                                                                 be given equal opportunity to
                                                                                                                 participate in non gender related
                                                                                                                 training and capacity
                                                                                                                 development programs.
                                                                                                                Sex-disaggregated indicators will
                                                                                                                 be established for project
                                                                                                                 performance monitoring and
                                                                                                                 evaluation system and progress
                                                                                                                 reports will include gender-
                                                                                                                 related achievements based on
                                                                                                                 sex-disaggregated data
                                                                                                                Participation of women at all
                                                                                                                 levels will be promoted in the
                                                                                                                 roadmap consultation with
                                                                                                                 stakeholders. The extent of
                                                                                                                 participation of women will be
                                                                                                                 monitored and incorporated in
                                                                                                                 the Project progress reports.
2.1   Yes   No   No   No   A Gender Action Plan was prepared          Affected women will be fully
                           under TA 7189-INO and                       informed about the Project, its
                           subsequently revised in IRM. Specific       expected impact and their
                                                                       entitlement during the
                           items pertaining to this                    implementation of resettlement
                           subcomponent need to be identified          plan.
                           and made specific.                         Special attention will be given to
                                                                       women in severely affected
                                                                       households and women headed
                                                                       households by the Project
                                                                       involuntary resettlement.
                                                                      Resettlement planning and
                                                                       monitoring documents will
                                                                       include sex disaggregate data.
2.2   Yes   No   No   No   A Gender Action Plan was prepared          Training to women will be
                           under TA 7189-INO and                       encouraged so that at least 30%
                           subsequently revised in IRM. Specific       of trainee will be women. The
                                                                       extent of participation of women
                           items pertaining to this                    will be monitored and
                           subcomponent need to be identified          incorporated in the Project
                           and made specific.                          progress reports.
                                                                      Involvement of women should be
                                                                       done at each pilot site for the SRI
2.3   Yes   No   No   No   A Gender Action Plan was prepared          Women will be fully informed
                           under TA 7189-INO and                       about the Project, beneficiaries’
                           subsequently revised in IRM. Specific       expected contribution in
                                                                       particular. Women will be
                           items pertaining to this                    consulted before deciding on the
                           subcomponent need to be identified          location and design of water and
                           and made specific.                          sanitation facilities.
                                                                      Training programs, particularly
                                                                       operation and maintenance will
                                                                       be provided to women. Hygiene
                                                                       awareness raising training will be
                                                                       provided to both men and
                                                                                        Female community facilitators
                                                                                         will be hired to enable better
                                                                                         relations with women. Gender-
                                                                                         sensitization training will be
                                                                                         provided for both male and
                                                                                         female community facilitators.
                                                                                        Appropriate clause promoting the
                                                                                         hiring of women and equal pay
                                                                                         for men and women for work of
                                                                                         equal value.
2.6   Not yet known   n/a   n/a   n/a   n/a                                        n/a
8.1       Yes         n/a   n/a   n/a   While there are no specific gender         The subcomponent team will carry
                                        issues for this subcomponent, it           out its general oversight and
                                        consultants play a general oversight       reporting role for gender-related
                                        and reporting role for gender-related      activities.
8.2       Yes         n/a   n/a   n/a        The M&E subcomponent will
                                              need to incorporate appropriate
                                              gender-related indicators into the
                                              overall Roadmap performance
                                              monitoring system.
                                             Monitoring is not only performed
                                              on the number and men and
                                              women involved in each project
                                              phase, but also on the “benefits”
                                              and “impact”, particularly women,
                                              receive as result of project
  Egis International                   Report on Implementation of Social and Environmental Safeguards

ATTACHMENT 3: Recommendations for Gender Safeguards
[prepared under TA7189-INO bridging]

Program Management Support
                               ACTIVITIES                                               INDICATOR

       Sub Component 1.1 Roadmap Management

       Coordination among Roadmap Component projects                   • Ensure in CSO mapping include ISA (Initial
                                                                         Social Assessment) on Gender
       1. Prepare stakeholder mapping including Government
          agencies, CSO’s and private sector at national, provincial
          and district levels.

       Reporting and Performance Monitoring System

       1. Gender Monitoring Frame Work has been include in the         • Project Performance Monitoring System
          Project Performance Monitoring System.                         include gender perspective indicator
       2. Sex-disaggregated indicators will be established for         • Gender Monitoring Frame Work
          Project Performance Monitoring and Evaluation System.
       3. Progress Report will include gender-related achievements     • Gender disaggregated data
          based on gender disaggregated data collected.
       4. RCMU data base Management Information System (MIS)           • Gender disaggregated benefit and impact
          will include gender issues.                                    indicator
       5. Gender Monitoring data, indicator and activities impact or
          issues in ICWRMIP will be monitored and incorporated in
          the Project Progress Reports.

       Training and Capacity Building

       1. Both female and make staff be given equal opportunity to     • xx % women involve in the training or
          participate in gender related training and capacity            workshop
          development programs.
       2. Review the training plan (recruitment, selection and         • women empowerment increase xx %
          access to training opportunities) to ensure that there are
          no barrier to women in each level who involve in training    • Ensure training monitoring performance
          and capacity building plan (including on community level)      indicator raise gender indicator
       3. Compulsory gender-sensitization training will be carried
          out for all levels of staff to be involved in the project.   • xx staff has received training on Gender
       4. Strengthened capacity and systems to collect and               Awareness (for level of Regulator,
          analysed gender disaggregated data.                            Implementation and Community)
                                                                       • Gender disaggregated benefit and impact

       CDD and Mechanism Plan
                                                                       • Clear strategy to increase women
       1. Ensure the strategy of Community Driven Development            participation and promoting gender equal in
          promoting gender equal, including the strategy to increase     community empowering and mechanism
          women participation.                                           plan

       Corporate Social and Responsibility (CSR)                       • xx % women involve and support CSR

                                                                       • xx % women receiving CSR benefit


       Media Information, Dissemination and Communication              • At least xx times a year, progress report on
                                                                         gender/women issues will be progressing in
       1. ICWRMIP website will cover gender information                  ICWRMIP website

       Other Media Dissemination and Communication

       1. Women promotion campaign in project awareness                • xx % in media campaign and dissemination
       2. Participant in project awareness promotion campaign will       include women issues in beneficiaries and
          be a gender-based                                              impact of project

                               ACTIVITIES                                              INDICATOR

       Sub Component 8.1 Program Management

       1. Coordination and planning among project sub                 • At least xx % in each sub component
          components.                                                   activities arising gender issue and progress
       2. Involve in men and women each activity among project          base on disaggregated data
          sub component.

       \Monitoring and Evaluation the Projects (Project 1)
       Performance, including financial management (PCMU)

       1. Prepare and maintain a Project Performance Monitoring       • Monitoring and Evaluation System will cover
          and Evaluation System mechanism for the component             Gender Monitoring data base on
          projects, including financial management (PPMES).             disaggregated benefit indicator

       Social and Environment Safeguards Oversight (MoPW)

       1. Monitor social and environment implementation related to    • At least the monitored resettlement data
          approve safeguard frame works.                                covering the beneficiary and impact for
       Establishing RPMS for the overall roadmap investments

       1. Ensure monitoring and evaluation performance                • Ensure that targeted benchmark covering
          benchmark and indicators.                                     women empowerment increased by xx %

       Sub Component 2.1 Rehabilitation of The West Tarum Canal

       1. Ensure that women involve in socialization in start up      • At least xx women involve in socialization in
          project. Affected women will be fully informed about the      start up project

       Construction and Rehabilitation Phase

       1. Appropriate clause is promoting the hiring of women and     • At least xx % women involve as a workers
          equal pay for men & women for working in an equal value.      during construction
       2. Ensure that activities encourage women as a part of water   • xx % women have equal access to
          activities process management (system level operation         managing the water
          distribution planning with water users, water delivery
          scheduling and M&E, water quality M&E) and updating         • xx % women have major priority in water
          the existing WTC water quality model (PJT II).                user and M&E planning
       3. Ensure that women involve in training and workshop          • xx % training participants are women
          during this phase.                                          • xx % women involve in workshop
       4. Capacity building of PJT II for improved management and
          operation of WTC                                            • xx % women involve in capacity building

       Data and Information Management

       1. Surveys and data collection works                           • At least xx % data collection result
       2. Provide On-the-Job Training (OJT) and support for             presented women issues
          geographic database maintenance and development with        • xx % women involve in GIS training
          integration of spatial planning data                        • xx % women involve and concern in the
       3. O & M provision during trail and training provision of        relevant secession
          guidelines for O & M and handover.                          • At least monitored resettlement will cover
       4. Resettlement Planning and Monitoring Documents                beneficiaries and impact of women

       Community Empowerment

       1. Maintain and incorporate women participation/issue to       • At least xx % local government has been
          coordination and support the existing local government        trained on gender awareness
          community empowerment program.                              • xx % women empowerment increase xx %

                               ACTIVITIES                                                 INDICATOR

       Sub Component 2.6 Detailed Engineering Design for Upgrading of Bandung Water Resources

       Safeguards Implementation
                                                                         • Ensure that the implementation of
       1. Prepare AMDAL for the main works.                                Resettlement and AMDAL raise expected
       2. Environmental Management Plan Implementation                     impact for women
       3. Support for the Resettlement Plan Implementation

       Community Empowerment
                                                                         • Ensure the existing program to local
       1. Coordination and support on existing local government            government raise and strengthen the
          community empowerment program                                    community empowerment on gender-based

       Sub Component 2.2 Improved Land and Water Management (SRI)

       Consultant Procurement                                            • Ensure Consultant recruiting will be both of
                                                                           women and men

       Identification and Appraisal of Target Areas

       1. Identification of target farmer groups                         • At least women farmer will be include in
       2. Coordination with Agriculture agencies in Provincial and         target identification
          District level.                                                • At least 30 % women involve on PRA
       3. Establish criteria for selection of water management sites.      process

       Participatory Rural Appraisal for Three Districts
                                                                         • At least 30 % women will be involved in
       1. Survey on Main Canal and drainage system works.                  PRA implementation
       2. Review ongoing agriculture extension support programs.
       3. Collect and analyze data about rural participation from
          Provincial and District Agencies

       Community Empowerment

       1. Engagement with Water Users Associations (WUAs).               • Affected women will be fully informed about
       2. Assessment of WUAs capacity to improve water                     the project
       3. WUAs agreements for equipment and livestock                    • At least xx % women has been trained in
          management.                                                      WUAs M&E
       4. Training for WUAs M&E

       Provision of Training of Trainers for Services Staff and
       Key Facilitators

       1. Review the training TOR (training material recruitment         • Gender-concerned will be checked
          process, participant selection).
       2. Ensure access to training opportunities that there are no      • xx % training participants are women
          barriers to women in involve to training.

       Training for Farmers (Farmer Empowerment)

       1. Selection of participants of training involves women           • At least xx % women farmer involve in the
          farmers to attend.                                               training
       2. Material of training raising gender/women issue.
                                                                         • Capacity building on women farmer
                                                                           increase xx %


                               ACTIVITIES                                                INDICATOR

       Comparative Studies

       1. Ensure that women representative will be attended to          • xx % women involved in comparative
          comparative studies.                                            studies
       2. Incorporate specific reference to gender issues within
          comparative studies.

       Provision of Workshop at District and Provincial Level           • xx % women involve in workshop of district
                                                                          and provincial level

       Progressive Implementation of System Rice                        • Ensure that women involve and fully
       Intensification (SRI) within Pilot Plot                            informed on main activities

       Associated Activities Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E)

       1. Ensure that gender/women activities will be monitored         • At least xx % women has been trained in
          and incorporated in the project M&E reports.                    M&E
       2. Ensure that gender issue and women impact will be
          monitored in water management M&E lead by University          • Raising women impact and benefit in water
          and local schools.                                              management in the report.

       Sub Component 2.3 Support for Community and CSO Driven Initiatives for Water Supply and Sanitation

       Community Empowerment and Local Institutional

       1. Implementation of CDD processes at community level.           • At least that WSS Project, supporting policy,
       2. Review existing documentation from current WSS                  guideline and manuals for community
          projects.                                                       participation mention on gender
       3. Develop supporting policies, guidelines and manuals for
          the community process.                                        • At least gender issue corporate in CSO
       4. Identification and selection of CSOs.                           selection
       5. On-going coaching for community facilitator.
                                                                        • xx % community facilitator are women

                                                                        • Capacity building for women increase by
                                                                          xx %

       Deployment of Mechanisms and Capacities of Provincial,
       District and Sub-district Institutions for Quality Program

       1. Develop guideline and manual for administration               • At least project consider to training women
          complies, capacity building plan, institutional and program     in administration complies, program
          arrangement, M&E, Technical O&M, Institutional, and             arrangement M&E, O&M and financial
          financial.                                                      system
          − Ensure that gender cancers are addressed in relevant
              session                                                   • Material of TOT mention gender awareness
       2. TOT for Facilitator, ensuring that gender awareness
          session will be include in TOT material.                      • xx % participants are women
       3. Identification selection of community facilitator
          − Ensure women issues include in identification and           • At least xx % total women will be hired as
              selection of community facilitators                         community facilitator
       4. Support CDD Implementation Process
          − Ensure that women will have major role to support the       • xx % women involve in each step of CDD
              implementation of CDD process                               process

                               ACTIVITIES                                               INDICATOR

       Training Community Facilitators for Water Engineering,
       Hygiene & Sanitation, and Community

       1. Ensure that women will be encourage to involve in to         • xx % women community facilitator get
          training for community facilitators                            training on that issues
       2. Provide Training for Community Group
          − Women will have equal access to training for               • At least xx % targeted trained for community
               community                                                 group are women
          − The women participant will be monitored and
               incorporated in the project progress reports for        • At least xx % community facilitator get
               community group                                           training and coaching are women
       3. Prepare annual program of workshops, training including
          regular training and coaching for community facilitators     • Women empowerment increase as xx %
          − Gender-sensitization training will be provided for both
               male and female community facilitators
          − Women group in community level will be encouraged
               so that at least 30% of trainee are women

       Incorporate the Preference of Gender/Women Issue and
       Capacity Building

       1. Carry out annual institutional assessments using MPA :       • Total participant of women involve in
          performance assessment of district agencies and policy         assessment using MPA-PHAS
          environment assessment.
       2. Develop a knowledge management plan in the first 6.0         • At least xx % of women follows that process
          months. This would include developing an integrated
          approach for M&E capacity building using a range of          • At least xx % CSO (women) get capacity
          training.                                                      building program
       3. Provide training of trainer programs to strengthen the
          capacity of local CSOs and firms.                            • xx % women involve in scaling up and
       4. Ensure that gender concerns are addressed in the               mainstreaming process
          relevant session trough. Development of mechanism and
          capacity of provincial and district agency to scale-up and   • Review in monthly report that women’s
          mainstream community driven WSS.                               actives increase xx%
       5. Financing arrangements and legislation in relation to WSS
          to identify changes to gather into more effective frame      • At least scaling up and replication process
          work for other districts scaling up and replication.           concern in gender perspective
       6. Conduct institutional capacity building plan of provincial
          and district and development the delivery mechanisms.
       7. Conduct review to identify and strengthen linkages with      • xx % institutional capacity building plan
          other local development strategies for poverty reduction,      raising gender issue
          village development resources and program.
       8. Develop provincial action plans and supporting materials     • At least women are subproject goals focus
          to enhance civil society participation in local government     on poverty reduction, village development
          planning and service delivery for WSS, including IEC on        and gender equate
          local economic and social benefits of WSS, multi-
          stakeholder forums, etc.                                     • At least gender equity will be raised in
       9. Identify and provide training of local trainers to provide     subcomponent goals
          accredited community facilitator training to meet
          anticipated increased demand and to market their             • At least xx % of total targeted women are
          services to local government.                                  getting training

       Improving Hygiene & Sanitation Behaviour and Service
       Sanitation Program based on the Community Let Total
       Sanitation (CLTS) method

       1. Review Manual of total sanitation campaign for District      • Women will be fully informed on the project
          and Sub-District team, advocacy for Province/District,         and expect their contribution
          stakeholders and provide TOT for Provincial/District
          Team.                                                        • At least the manual will be provided to men
       2. Provision of provincial workshops.                             and women
       3. Conduct supervision and Technical Assistance (TA)
       4. Provide advocacy/orientation with decision makers and        • Women involve in the workshop and training
          opinion makers to explain approach and obtain support
          for CLTS principles.                                         • xx % supervision member are women
       5. Review specific sanitation options on each province.
       6. Provide training for Sub-District/Village Team and social    • xx % women issue raise in supervision and
          intermediaries.                                                TA

                               ACTIVITIES                                              INDICATOR

       7. Implement village facilitation process regarding the
          gender sensitive awareness rising in local languages and    • xx % women are in the process
          conduct close consultation with beneficiaries.
       8. Monitoring and evaluation of village implementation.        • xx % women involve to choose specific
                                                                        sanitation option

                                                                      • xx % sub-district/village team are women

                                                                      • xx % women involved in project

                                                                      • xx % women get M&E training and involve
                                                                        in the implementation

       Sanitation & Hygiene Marketing Program Review
       Guidelines and Prototypal Design for Provincial
       Market/Consumer/Supplier Studies

       1. Implement provincial sanitation and hygiene demand-         • xx % women involve in Sanitation &
          generation campaigns.                                         Hygiene Marketing Program
       2. Provide TA for the implementation of sanitation and
          hygiene marketing in provinces and districts level.         • Significant progress of gender equality in
       3. Provide advocacy/orientation with decision and opinion        PIU MoH execution
          makers to explain approach to the community and obtain
          support for marketing approach.                             • xx % women have equal access to the
       4. Study local sanitation market, consumers and supplier for     program
          identifying messages and communication methods/media
          for segmented.                                              • Gender awareness issue during TA

                                                                      • xx % women have major role on marketing
                                                                        approach support

                                                                      • xx % targeted women issue on local
                                                                        sanitation market

       School Hygiene and Sanitation Program

       1. Implementation of provincial and district Workshops on      • xx % women involve in the district workshop
          school hygiene and sanitation.

       Training for Teacher and Student

       1. Provide District Workshops for inserting curriculum.        • xx % women and children involve in all
       2. Provide awareness campaign for school communities             activities
          (children, teachers, parents).
       3. Review design for Monitoring Impact of Sanitation and       • At least the curriculum mention xx % women
          Hygiene Intervention.                                         issue
       4. Provide training for District staffs responsible for
          Environmental Health and Hygiene promotion in               • Sanitation awareness improve as xx %
          implementing performance and impact monitoring.
                                                                      • Behaviour change improve xx %

                                                                      • Gender equity M&E base on disaggregate

                                                                      • At least xx % women get training

       Disease Handling at Program Locations

       1. Implement annual two-week surveillance for water borne      • xx % women suffer water borne diseases
          diseases (diarrhea, etc) at selected program/non
          program locations

                                ACTIVITIES                                              INDICATOR

       Water Supply and Peri-Urban Institutional sanitation
                                                                       • xx % women involve in RTA and MPA-
       1. Planning TA support (Rapid Technical Assessment                PHAS process
          (RTA)) and Community WSS situation analysis (MPA-
          PHAST) to determine water demand and system.                 • All women involve on Village Action Plan
       2. Develop Village Action Plans (including commitment for         development
          kind participation).
       3. Water quality monitoring to increase awareness of the        • Community awareness on water supply
          community on the impact of water supply saving and good        saving impact increase as xx %
          practice for storage.

       Implementation Support and Project Management

       1. Baseline and impact evaluation study for all districts       • Women involved in all activities increase xx
          (social, health, institutional).                               %
       2. Implementation of Monitoring & Evaluation Project
                                                                       • Women empowerment increased by xx %

       Sub Component 4.1 Development and Implementation of Basin River Quality Improvement Strategy and
                         Action Plan (Environmental Protect)

       Major Activities

       1. Involving women in socialization in start up project.        • Project implementation indicator and M&E
       2. Ensuring subproject implementation taking part men and
          women in all project activities.                             • Water Quality Monitoring and data
       3. Identifying information gaps related to women issue in         Management
          environmental sector and encouraging women
          participation base on local approach.
       4. Developing gender monitoring system base on the
          disaggregate benefit indicator.

       Basin-Wide River Quality Improvement Strategy

       1. Stakeholder Forums Establishment                             • At least xx % women involve in socialization
                                                                         at start up project
                                                                       • At least xx % women involve and active in
                                                                         stakeholder forum

       Water Quality Monitoring and Data Management

       1. Implementation of water quality information system for       • Incorporated gender category in water
          Citarum Basin Water management on job training Design          quality monitoring and data management
          and develop a basin-wide information campaign for            • Ensure on the job training will be prepared
          raising public awareness of water quality management           for women and men
          issues                                                       • At least Information campaign for raising
                                                                         public awareness will be provided to both
                                                                         men and women

       2. Implementation of water quality management campaign          • Ensure targeted for women and men raising
                                                                         awareness at least xx %

       Strengthening of Organizational Capacity

       Coordination among agencies for water quality management        • Ensure women will have equal access to
       Design and implement a training program on the various            training program on the various guidelines
       guidelines for district environment protection agencies           for district environmental protection

                                ACTIVITIES                                               INDICATOR

       Preparation and Implementation of Area-Based Pollution
       Sources Management Action Plans

       1. Identify activities suitable for CSR                          • xx % women will have equal access to
                                                                          identify suitable activities for CSR.
                                                                        • xx % women positive impact to increasing
                                                                          women economy life
       2. Identify Large scale Bio-gas Plant Projects for GOI           • xx % women will have equal access to
                                                                          identify lafge scale Biogas Plant.
       3. Develop Bio-gas plan/installation in CRB                      • xx % women will have equal access to
                                                                          develop Biogas Plan
       4. Implement garbage management by 3-R                           • xx % women involve to socialization for 3 R
                                                                        • xx % women participate in 3 R program in
                                                                          House Hold Scale
       5. Concept (reduce-reuse-recycle), composting, garbage           • xx % women involve to composting Program
          cut-off, provide garbage container and garbage dump in          In House Hold Scale
          Selective Locations
       6. Develop Communal septic tank and WC Communal at
          upper site CRB                                                • xx % women involve to socialization in start
          − Ensure women receiving clear information about                up project Septic Tank and WC Communal
              benefit and impact of Septic tank and WC Communal
       7. Roll out an awareness campaign for                            • xx % of women raising awareness about the
          rehabilitation/reforestation of the CRB critical land           issue
       8. Develop pilot Garbage Trapping at upper site CRB              • xx % women involve in to Pilot Garbage
       9. Awareness campaign for Rehabilitasi/Penghijauan di            • Targeted for women and men to raising
          Daerah Tangkapan Air (Catchment Area) dan lahan kritis          awareness and involve to that activities at
          DAS Citarum                                                     least xx %

       Knowledge Dissemination                                          • At least xx % women involve to socialization
                                                                          in start up Project and raising expected
                                                                          impact and benefit for women

       1. Schools information program
          Raising awareness to women student to increasing their        • At least xx % target children schools receive
          knowledge and awareness about environment issue                 information and raising awareness
       2. CSR information dissemination                                 • At least CSR information dissemination
                                                                          program for raising public awareness will be
                                                                          provided to both men and women
       3. CSO awareness and knowledge building                          • xx % women will have equal access
                                                                          receiving awareness trough that program
       4. National Training and Participatory Workshops                 • xx % women involve to National Training
                                                                          and participatory Workshop
       5. R&D knowledge products dissemination within the basin         • xx % women will have equal access to
                                                                          receiving R&D knowledge product
                                                                          dissemination within the basin

       Monitoring and Evaluation                                        • At least project consider to training women
                                                                          in M&E
                                                                        • Project Performance monitoring System
                                                                          include Gender perspective indicator

       Sub Component 8.2 Independent Monitoring

       Major Activities

       1. Ensure Monitoring and Evaluation performance                  • Project log frame and suggested monitoring
          benchmark and indicator Ensure Training for RCMU staff          system specify sex-disaggregated
          include Gender Awareness                                        performance and impact indicator
       2. Ensure Training for RCMU staff include Gender
          Awareness                                                     • Project consider to Training women Gender
       3. Develop a Fed back mechanism in witch both male and             Awareness training
          female beneficiaries have a voice
       4. Providing training to RCMU staff and socialize it with        • Evaluation reports contain a section
          related agencies                                                synthesizing information on gender for all
       5. Monitor the Road map social, environmental, and                 domains.

                              ACTIVITIES                                              INDICATOR

          economic impacts, including the establishment of
          benchmark using existing government information and        • Ensure Incorporate impacts on gender in
          data systems                                                 data information
       6. Collect existing government information and data systems
          social, environmental, and economic impacts.               • Ensure impacts indicator will be raising and
       7. Establish social, environmental, and economic Impact         conciseness women issue in social,
          benchmarks                                                   environmental, and economist
       8. Standardize benchmarking indicators and socialization to
          PIU                                                        • Ensure ICWRMIP benchmarking indicator
                                                                       consistent target


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Description: The report is a quarterly Report prepared in August 2011 for INO: Loan 2500-2501-Integrated Citarum Water Resources Management Program Project 1. Prepared by Project Coordination Management Unit, Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai Citarum, Ministry of Public Works for the Directorate General of Water Resources Ministry of Public Works Republic of Indonesia and the Asian Development Bank.