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					                       Participial Phrases
                    Explicit Instruction Lesson




Handouts
   Warm-up
   Activity 1 sentences
   Activity 2 sentences
   Activity 3 sentences


Transparencies
   Warm-up
   Activity 1 sentences
   Activity 2 sentences
   Activity 3 sentences



Materials
   highlighers




                     Lesson developed by: Jane Pruitt
                     Wicomico County Public Schools
                           Explicit Instruction Lesson Plan
                        Grammar concept: Participial phrases

Formative Assessment: Give students independent practice sentences where they
identify participial phrases. Then have students generate a paragraph in which they
utilize participial phrases in their writing to give their writing more variety.




Exemplary Response: Completed independent practice and student generated
writing


VSC Match: 3.1.8 The student will expand sentences by positioning phrases and
clauses to accomplish a purpose.

Class objective: to recognize participial phrases in sentences and use participial
phrases to expand sentences.

Warm-up: Identify the participles in each of these sentences:

   1. The sleeping giant looks dangerous to me.
   2. The dangerous giant is guarding the stashed treasure.

Activity 1- I DO

   1. Ask students to remind everyone what a participle is and does.
   2. Explain that a participial phrase is like a participle, only longer. It includes the
      participle and any modifiers of that participle.
   3. Place the following sentence on the board:

       Sleeping peacefully in the cave, the giant looks scary to me.

   4. Think aloud: First let’s identify the subject of the sentence. The subject is the
      giant. Now, let’s find the verb of the sentence. The verb is looks. Let’s label the
      verb. Now let’s look at the noun again. What other information are we being
      given about the giant? We are being told that the giant is sleeping peacefully
      in the cave. This is a participial phrase describing the giant.
   5. Place the next sentence on the board:
      The treasure stashed in the old, oak chest dazzled in the light.

   6. Think aloud: Again, let’s find the subject of the sentence. I think treasure is
what the subject of the sentence is. Now, lets determine the verb. It could be stashed
or dazzled? What is the treasure doing? It isn’t stashing? It is dazzling. So let’s
underline dazzled. So, that leaves us with stashed in the old, oak chest. What is this
group of words doing in the sentence? I think this is giving us more information about
the treasure. We know, now, that the treasure is in an old chest. This is a participial
phrase.

   6. Think aloud: Something else, I want us to notice is that the participial phrase is
      always either right before or right after the noun it is modifying. This is a good
      way to check a participial phrase. By using participial phrases, do you see how
      you create a longer sentence? This provides variety for your reader.


Activity 2-- We Do

   1.   Post the following sentences for students---
        The pirates, landing on the deserted island, looked for their
        treasure.

        Buried in the sand for twenty years, the treasure remained in
        pristine condition.

        The scary pirates pillaged the village on the island forgotten by
        time.

   2. Have students work in pairs to determine the participial phrases.
   3. Then ask each pair to write their own sentence containing a participial phrase.
   4. Share the student generated participial phrases with the class.


Activity 3-- You Do

   1. Give students attached handout with sentences similar to these.
   2. Have students write their own sentence containing a participial phrase.

Summary: Review what a participial phrase is and does in a sentence. Explain the
advantages of using participial phrases to improve the structure of the sentence.




                           Lesson developed by: Jane Pruitt
                           Wicomico County Public Schools
Participial Phrase Practice Name_____________________



  I.        Highlight the participial phrases in the sentences
            below. You may want to underline the verb of the
            sentence and put an x over each noun.


       1.   Yearning to buy the red bikini, Amy decided to
            get a part time job.

       2.   Looking like a snow person, the girl definitely
            wanted to get a tan.

       3.   The boyfriend, perplexed by his girlfriend’s
            attitude, brought her an umbrella.

       4.   Angered by his gesture, the girl smacked him
            silly.

       5.   Do you think the bikini fashioned by the designer
            will ever be worn by Amy?



  II.       Write a paragraph containing at least three
            participial phrases. Underline your participial
            phrases.
Warm-up: Identify the participles in each of these
sentences:

  3. The sleeping giant looks dangerous to
     me.
  4. The dangerous giant is guarding the
     stashed treasure.


Activity 1- I DO

    Sleeping peacefully in the cave,           the
    giant looks scary to me.

    The treasure stashed in the old, oak chest
    dazzled in the light.
Activity 2-- We Do

   The pirates, landing on the deserted
   island, looked for their treasure.

   Buried in the sand for twenty years, the
   treasure remained in pristine condition.

   The scary pirates pillaged the village on
   the island forgotten by time.




             Explicit Instruction Lesson Plan
                        Grammar concept: Participial phrases

Formative Assessment: Give students independent practice sentences where they
identify participial phrases. Then have students generate a paragraph in which they
utilize participial phrases in their writing to give their writing more variety.




Exemplary Response: Completed independent practice and student generated
writing


VSC Match: 3.1.8 The student will expand sentences by positioning phrases and
clauses to accomplish a purpose.

Class objective: to recognize participial phrases in sentences and use participial
phrases to expand sentences.

Warm-up: Identify the participles in each of these sentences:

   5. The sleeping giant looks dangerous to me.
   6. The dangerous giant is guarding the stashed treasure.

Activity 1- I DO

   7. Ask students to remind everyone what a participle is and does.
   8. Explain that a participial phrase is like a participle, only longer. It includes the
      participle and any modifiers of that participle.
   9. Place the following sentence on the board:

       Sleeping peacefully in the cave, the giant looks scary to me.

   10. Think aloud: First lets identify the subject of the sentence. The subject is the
       giant. Now, lets find the verb of the sentence. The verb is looks. Lets label the
       verb. Now lets look at the noun again. What other information are we being
       given about the giant? We are being told that the giant is sleeping peacefully
       in the cave. This is a participial phrase describing the giant.
   11. Place the next sentence on the board:
       The treasure stashed in the old, oak chest dazzled in the light.

    6. Think aloud: Again, let’s find the subject of the sentence. I think treasure is
what the subject of the sentence is. Now, lets determine the verb. It could be stashed
or dazzled? What is the treasure doing? It isn’t stashing? It is dazzling. So let’s
underline dazzled. So, that leaves us with stashed in the old, oak chest. What is this
group of words doing in the sentence? I think this is giving us more information about
the treasure. We know, now, that the treasure is in an old chest. This is a participial
phrase.

   12. Think aloud: Something else, I want us to notice is that the participial phrase is
       always either right before or right after the noun it is modifying. This is a good
       way to check a participial phrase. By using participial phrases, do you see how
       you create a longer sentence? This provides variety for your reader.


Activity 2-- We Do

   5. Post the following sentences for students---
      The pirates, landing on the deserted island,                  looked for their
      treasure.

       Buried in the sand for twenty years,              the treasure remained in
       pristine condition.

       The scary pirates pillaged the village on the island forgotten by
       time.

   6. Have students work in pairs to determine the participial phrases.
   7. Then ask each pair to write their own sentence containing a participial phrase.
   8. Share the student generated participial phrases with the class.


Activity 3-- You Do

   3. Give students attached handout with sentences similar to these.
   4. Have students write their own sentence containing a participial phrase.

Summary: Review what a participial phrase is and does in a sentence. Explain the
advantages of using participial phrases to improve the structure of the sentence.
Participial Phrase Practice Name_____________________



  I.        Highlight the participial phrases in the sentences
            below. You may want to underline the verb of the
            sentence and put an x over each noun.


       6.   Yearning to buy the red bikini, Amy decided to get
            a part time job.

       7.   Looking like a snow person, the girl definitely
            wanted to get a tan.

       8.   The boyfriend, perplexed by his girlfriend’s
            attitude, brought her an umbrella.

       9.   Angered by his gesture, the girl smacked him
            silly.

       10. Do you think the bikini fashioned by the designer
           will ever be worn by Amy?



  II.       Write a paragraph containing at least three
            participial phrases. Underline your participial
            phrases.

				
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