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# STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERS TeacherWeb

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```									                        NAME ________________________________________
CHARACTER ANALYSIS: STATIC AND DYNAMIC CHARACTERS

In this project, you will write a four paragraph essay about two characters from “Flowers for
Algernon,” one dynamic and one static. Each paragraph will have the following specific
requirements:

   Paragraph One: Write a short introduction to the piece by defining what is meant by
dynamic and static characters in literature.
   Paragraph Two: Discuss your dynamic character.
o Identify him or her as dynamic and describe the change with two adjectives.
o Briefly tell his or her role in the story (one or two sentences).
o Provide some framework for the quoted text reference early in the story to
prove the first character trait. Insert the quote, copied exactly from the text.
Explain how the quote proves the trait you’ve said.
o Provide some framework for the quoted text reference later in the story to
prove the opposing character trait. Insert the quote, copied exactly from the
text. Explain how the quote proves the trait you’ve said.
o Conclude your discussion of a dynamic character.
   Paragraph Three: Discuss your static character.
o Identify him or her as static and provide a trait that stays the same all through.
o Briefly tell his or her role in the story (one or two sentences).
o Provide some framework for the quoted text reference early in the story to
prove that the chosen character trait applies. Insert the quote, copied exactly
from the text. Explain how the quote proves the trait you’ve said.
o Provide some framework for the quoted text reference later in the story to
prove that the same trait applies. Insert the quote, copied exactly from the
text. Explain how the quote proves the trait you’ve said.
o Conclude your discussion of a static character.
   Paragraph Four: Conclude the entire discussion in an interesting way.

All of your four text references in this essay must be direct quotes—no paraphrases
allowed.

Other stylistic points:
 Write in third person (no “I” or “my”).
 Write in the present tense (“Charlie says,” not “Charlie said.”)

Give your essay an appropriate title. One possibility would be “Character Analysis of _____
and ______.” You could also write your own original one.

Format: Typed, double spaced, 12 point font. Assembly order for blind grading: final copy
with no name, project sheet with scoring rubric side up, then other support documents
(organizer, draft, peer edit sheet).

Organizer due: Wednesday, December 7, 2011
Rough draft due: Monday, December 12, 2011
Final copy due: Friday, December 16, 2011
SCORING GUIDE:

Opening Paragraph (Definition of dynamic and static)                     ______/3

Dynamic Paragraph
Introduce dynamic character, telling who he or she is                   ______/3

Opposing traits that apply to your character, showing change             ______/2
First “support point sandwich”
Appropriate narrative framework to introduce quote                      ______/2

Appropriate quote proving first trait, copied exactly                  ______/2

Discussion of quote                                                     ______/3
Second “support point sandwich”
Appropriate narrative framework to introduce quote                      ______/2

Appropriate quote proving second trait , copied exactly                ______/2

Discussion of quote                                                    ______/3

Static Paragraph
Introduce static character, telling who he or she is                   ______/3

Trait that applies to him or her throughout the story                   ______/2
Third “support point sandwich”
Appropriate narrative framework to introduce quote                      ______/2

Appropriate quote proving static trait, copied exactly                 ______/2

Discussion of text quote                                                ______/3
Fourth “support point sandwich”
Appropriate narrative framework to introduce quote                      ______/2

Appropriate quote proving same trait, copied exactly                   ______/2

Discussion of quote                                                    ______/3

Concluding paragraph: Interesting wrap up                                ______/2

CUPS                                                                     ______/8

Style: quotes properly punctuated with in-text citation (page number),   ______/7
third person, present tense,
Sentence fluency                                                         ______/5

Word choice                                                              ______/5

Original title                                                           ______/2

Support docs (rough draft, peer edit sheet, organizer, scoring sheet)    ______6

Format (typed, double space, properly assembled for blind grading)       ______/4

______/80
Name ________________________________

DYNAMIC AND STATIC ESSAY ORGANIZER

A dynamic character in “Flowers for Algernon” is _____________________________.

A way he or she changes:

A trait from the       Quoted text support of this trait                     Page
beginning…                                                                   #

A trait from later     Quoted text support of this trait
on in the story…

A static character in “Flowers for Algernon” is _______________________________.

Proof that he/she stays the same all the way through the story:

A trait from the       Quoted text support of this trait                     Page
beginning…                                                                   #

The same trait         Quoted text support of this trait
applies later on…
An Essay Writing Skill: Using Direct Quotes Effectively

When using quoted material to make a point in an essay, the quotes should be carefully chosen,
smoothly inserted, and fully explained. They should further the point of the paragraph in which they
appear. Here’s a structural formula that works well for each quoted support point. Together they
become a sort of “support point sandwich.”

1. Narrative framework: The purpose of this sentence or partial sentence is to orient the reader
concerning the quote and to make the writing more fluent. You may always assume an
well. Therefore, you can keep the narrative framework short and to-the-point.

2. Quote: Choose a part of the text of no more than two sentences in length to make your point.
Copy it exactly as in the story and punctuate it properly with quotation marks. Put the page
number after it in parentheses as an in-text citation (see format below).

3. Explanation: This is your analysis of why this quote helps prove your point from the topic
sentence. Don’t leave your quote unexplained so the reader has to figure out why it is
important—spell it out!

You will need to repeat the above formula for each support point you’ll be using.

Instructions for analyzing the sample paragraph.
You will need 5 colors of highlighters, markers or colored pencils.

1. Underline the topic sentence in your first color. Label it as “TOPIC” in the margin.
2. Underline any background or intro facts about the character in your second color.
3. Underline direct quotes in your third color. Put a “Q” in the margin beside each one. Check the citation (√ ).
4. Underline the narrative framework (the introduction to each quote) in your fourth color. Write “NF” beside
each in the margin.
5. Underline the comments explaining each quote in your fifth color. Write “EXP” beside each in the margin.
6. Underline the concluding sentence in the same color you used for the topic sentence. Label it in the margin
as “CONC.”

In the short story “The Interlopers,” Ulrich Von Gradwitz is clearly a dynamic character
because he goes from intense hatred of his neighbor, Georg Znaeym, to warm and friendly feelings
towards him. Ulrich is the head of his clan and the legal owner of the property that is the source of a
long-time feud between the Von Gradwitz and Znaeym families. Early in the story before the storm
winds brought down the tree that trapped them, the two enemies came accidentally face-to-face and
“each had hate in his heart and murder uppermost in his mind” (p. 149). This line from the text
shows clearly what Ulrich’s feelings are before the fateful accident—he hates Georg enough to want
to kill him. Some time later, after lying injured and helpless in the cold beside Georg, Ulrich says to
him, “Neighbour, if you will help me to bury the old quarrel I—I will ask you to be my friend” (p.
151). It is evident Ulrich has had a profound change of heart about an aspect of himself that is central
to who he is, since he is now willing to be friends with his arch-enemy. This change proves Ulrich
Von Gradwitz to be a dynamic character.
Name ___________________________________________

Find the errors: Explain what is wrong with each “support point sandwich” below. Each is
supposed to be made up of narrative framework (NF), material quoted from the text (Q), and the
explanation or connection to the topic (COM). The topic, which is repeated in each case, is “Georg
Znaeym is a dynamic character.”

Poorly written support point                         Your explanation of what is wrong

Georg is a dynamic character. “We fight this
quarrel to the death” (p. 150). These words
show Georg hates Ulrich.

Georg is a dynamic character. Along with
Ulrich, each man would send his men to hunt on
the disputed land until “a long series of
between the families” (p. 148). This behavior
shows that the men are friends in the beginning
of the story.

Georg is a dynamic character. In the beginning
of the story, Georg “stepped around the trunk of
a huge beech tree” (p. 149). This action proves
that he hates Ulrich.

Georg is a dynamic character. The exposition to
the story reveals that “as boys they had thirsted
for one another’s blood, as men each had prayed
that misfortune might fall on the other” (p. 148).

[TWO SUPPORT POINTS HERE]
Georg is a dynamic character. In the beginning
of the story he hates Ulrich Von Gradwitz. In
fact the two enemies “each prayed that
misfortune might fall on each other” (p. 148).
His feelings towards his neighbor are decidedly
unfriendly. Towards the end of the story,
“Georg was silent for so long that Ulrich thought
he had fainted” (p. 151). He’s a dynamic
character because he went from hateful to silent.
Find the errors: Explain what is wrong with each “support point sandwich” below in complete
sentences in the right column. Each is supposed to be made up of narrative framework (NF), material
quoted from the text (Q), and the explanation or connection to the topic (COM). The topic in each
case is that Georg Znaeym is a dynamic character.

Georg is dynamic. “We fight this quarrel to the      This support point is missing
death” (p. 150). These words show Georg hates        narrative framework (intro to quote)
Ulrich.

Georg is a dynamic character. Along with
Ulrich, each man would send his men to hunt on
the disputed land until “a long series of
…scandals had embittered the relationships           The explanation is wrong—it makes
between the families” (p. 148). This behavior        no sense.
shows that the men are friends in the beginning
of the story.

Georg Znaeym is dynamic. In the beginning of
the story, Georg “stepped around the trunk of a
This support point has a poor choice
huge beech tree” (p. 149). This proves that he       of quotes to make this point
hates Ulrich.

Georg Znaeym is dynamic. The exposition to
the story reveals that “as boys they had thirsted    Here the explanation after the quote is
for one another’s blood, as men each had prayed      missing
that misfortune might fall on the other” (p. 148).

[TWO SUPPORT POINTS HERE]
Georg is dynamic. In the beginning of the story
he hates Ulrich Von Gradwitz. In fact the two
enemies “each prayed that misfortune might fall      The two traits aren’t opposing.
on each other” (p. 148). His feelings towards his    Choose related but opposite traits to
neighbor are decidedly unfriendly. Towards the       show that a character is dynamic.
end of the story, “Georg was silent for so long
that Ulrich thought he had fainted” (p. 151).
He’s a dynamic character because he went from
hateful to silent.
Writer’s Name_____________________________ Editor’s Name _______________________________

PEER EDIT SHEET: CHARACTER SKETCH
Directions: Using your editing pen, follow the directions here and mark up the author’s essay extensively.
Check off each step as you accomplish it.

____ Copy the essay title here _____________________________________________________

____ Number the paragraphs in the essay with a large number in the margin (1-2-3-4).

____ Paragraph 1: Intro

Does the author have an intro sentence to the whole piece? _____ yes      ____ no

Does the author define dynamic and static correctly? _____yes      _____no

____ Paragraph 2: Dynamic character

a. Write the name of the dynamic character used in this paragraph _______________________

b. Does the author introduce the character? ____yes ____no

c. Write the two traits that the author uses for the dynamic character:

He/she goes from _________________________ to _________________________

d. Find and underline the two text references from the story. Write “Q” next to each if it’s a quote.

Put a check mark on the citation (page number) that should come after each quote. What do you think of the

manner in which the author introduced and inserted these quotes into the essay (the NF)? Comment:

__________________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________

e. Find the explanation of each quote that the author does and double underline it. Put an “Exp”

next to it in the margin.

Comment: __________________________________________________________________________

f. Does the author have a wrap up sentence for this paragraph? ______yes ______no

Comments on dynamic character paragraph: ______________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________
____ Paragraph 3: Static character

a. Write the name of the static character used in this paragraph ____________________

b. Does the author introduce the character? ____yes ____no

c. Write the first trait that the author uses for the static character: ____________________

d. Find and underline the two proofs from the story. Write “Q” next to each if it’s a quote, and put a

checkmark on the page number citation after each. What do you think of the manner in which the author

introduced and inserted these quotes into the essay (the NF)? Comment: __________________________

____________________________________________________________________________________

e. Find the explanation of each quote that the author does and double underline it. Put an “Exp”

next to it in the margin. Comment about explanation: _________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

f. Does the author have a wrap up sentence for this paragraph? ______yes ______no

Comments on static character paragraph: ___________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________________

____Paragraph 4: Conclusion

Does the author have an interesting wrap up? _____yes ____no

____ Count up the number of Qs. Does the author have four direct quotes from the story, one for each text

____ Does the author keep in 3rd person (no “I” nor “you”)? ____ yes     _____no    Circle any errors.

____ Does the author refer to the text in present tense (“Joe says” not “Joe said”)? ___ yes ___ no

____ Rate the sentence fluency (5 great, 1 bad) 1 2 3 4 5 _________________________________

____ Rate the word choice (5 great, 1, bad)    1 2 3 4 5 _____________________________________

____ Mark any CUPS errors you find.