“UNDERSTANDING CHILD ABUSE AND NEGLECT”
Neglect occurs when adults fail to meet their child essential needs such as
adequate food, clothing warmth ,medical care,protection and attention
care.Leaving children who are too young to look after themselves alone or
without supervision is also an example of neglect.
Neglect can result in:-
1)Physical harm:-Too young to look after themselves
2)Illness:- No proper care
5)Deformity,Social, emotional, and motor development
6)No or self esteem
Exploitation when adults wants to complete their needs for earning money and
for benefits also.In generally children are being exploited commercially and
Types of Exploitation:-
There are two types of exploitation:-
Many children are working to earn money in support of their family
livehood.Some children are the breadwinners of the family.They normally have
to work long hours for little pay and also some time they are doing work in
In sexuall exploitation child prostitution and child pornography are some
Difference b/t Exploitation and Abuse:-
In abuse they force the child to take a part in sexual and other activities.
In exploitation they want to earn money and complete their needs.
Types of Abuse:-
There are three types of Abuse:-
1)Physical Abuse:- Broken bones,Scars,Brain damage and death
2)Emotional Abuse:-Sucide, Depression, Starvation
3)Sexual Abuse:-Tricks or forces a child to take part in a sexual activities.
Sexual abuse through minor incidents may cause temporary emotional
1)Embarrasment 2)Fear 3)Confusion 4)Guilt
Several sexual abuse incidents may lead to:-
Behavioral Problems:- Difficulty at school,Aggressive behavior,and running
Psychological Harm:-Nighmare,extreme depression and anxiety.
Physical Harm:- Cuts,bruises and pregnancy
“ HEALTH STANDARD AND ELEMENTS”
We should be take precaution after listening fire alarm to save our life and
other life also.
Precaution after fire alarm:-
4)Take your mobile purse and id card
5)Go in a straight line
6)Close the doors
7)Switched off the room light
8)Go through the walls
9)Stay in corridor when u feel you are safe
10)Help the other person also
THE MORNINIG HEALTH CHECK:-
Signs To Observe:-
General mood and changes in behavior
Fever or elevated body temperature
Skin rashes,unusual spots,sweeling
Complaints of pain and not feeling well
Signs/symptoms of diseases(coughing,sneezing,breathing difficulties,discharge
from nose,ears or eyes diarrhea,vomiting)
Reported illness in child or family members
Hand washing is the most important infection control measure to prevent illness
in yourself and the children you care for.
When Should Hand s Be Washed:-
Before and After:-
Eating/Drinking or handling food
Feeding a child
Playing in water that is used by more than one person
Toileting diapering and assisting a child in the toilet
Handling body fluids such as blood urine vomit etc
Cleaning up and handling garbage
Playing and working outdoors
Most important concepts about handwashing:-
The most important concepts to remember about handwashing are:-
You must use running water which drains out----Not a stoppered sink or
container.A container of water spread germs.
You must use soap or handwash liquid
You must rub your hands together for atleast 10seconds.This helps remove the
You must turn off the faucet with the paper towel.The faucet is
considered”dirty”at all time.
Assist the child in performing all the steps for proper handwashing and then
wash your hands.
Hot water is not necessary but warm water can be used for comfort and will
help the increase duration of handwashing.
Children love water play.If you make handwashing a pleasant time sing songs
such as “Wash wash wash your hands”they will be more willing to wash
“HAND WASHING SONG”