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MINISTRY OF FINANCE REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN

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					           MINISTRY OF FINANCE
           REPUBLIC TAJIKISTAN




THE GOVENRMENT MEDIUM - TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK FOR
                        2011- 2013




                     Dushanbe - 2010
                        Government of the Republic of Tajikistan

                                  REGULATION
             Dated «30» June 2010 # 315                        Dushanbe
                          On approving MTEF 2011-2013
      According to article 34 of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on State
Public Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan”, and for effective use of the state
finance resources under the purposeful state sectoral programs for medium term,
the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan regulates:
   1) To approve MTEF 2011-13 and to send it for information to Majlisi
namoyandagon Majlisi Olii Republic of Tajikistan
   2) Ministries, enterprises and organizations to implement the functioning
sectoral program and to send the draft of regulation and order of the Government
of the Republic of Tajikistan on new sectoral programs on medium term to
implement within the indicators of MTEF for 2011-2013.
   3) Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan together with
corresponding ministries and enterprises to prepare draft of State budget of the
Republic of Tajikistan for 2011 according to indicators of MTEF 2011-13 and on
the set deadline to send the draft of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on State
budget of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2011” for review of the Government of the
Republic of Tajikistan.




Chairman of the Government
of the Republic of Tajikistan




                                           2
                                       Contents

       а) Objectives and tasks of the MTEF
       b) The structure of MTEF for the period of 2010- 2013.
       c) Medium-term priority directions of MTEF.
                             Chapter 1. Macroeconomic Indicators
       1. The main Macroeconomic Indicators in the medium- term.
       2. The Nominal and Real Gross Domestic Products and its structure. Factors
influencing to GDP increase.
       3. Inflation- Consumer Price Indexes, GDP Deflator.
       4. Foreign Trade Turnover, Remittances, Exchange Rate of the National currency
to US Dollar.
       5. Achievement to macroeconomic sustainability, etc.
                               Chapter 2. Government Revenues.
       1. Total volume of revenues for the medium- term period and the sources of their
formations.
       2. Analysis of revenues based on the various types of taxes
       3. The estimations for tax and non- tax revenues for the medium- term period.
       4. Inflow of Grants for the support of the State Budget and Public Investment
Programmes for the medium- term period.
                   Chapter 3. Public Expenditures for medium- term period
       1. The Policy on the Implementation of the State Budget funds in the medium-
term period.
       2. The sources of funding and their directions for utilization.
       3. State Budget Expenditures for government debt services, etc.
       4. Budget Deficit and the sources of its funding in the medium- term period.
                             Chapter 4. Social Sector Expenditures
       1. Education
       2. Health
       3. Social Protection of the Population
       4. Culture and Sport
                           Chapter 5. Economic Sector Expenditures
       1. Energy
       2. Transportation, infrastructure and communication
       3. Agricultural Sector
       Attachment 1. Macroeconomic Indicators, the Revenues of the State Budget of the
Republic of Tajikistan and the maximum level of its expenditure based on the sectors for
the period of 2010- 2013
       Attachment 2. The Indicators of the Expentiture of Foreign Investments and the
contribution of the Republic of Tajikistan within the framework of implementation of
joint investment projects with International3Financial Organizations for the period of
2011- 2013.
                                  ACRONYMS
ADB           Asian Development Bank
AIS           Agrarian and Industry Sector
WB            World Bank
GDP           Gross Domestic Product
HES           Higher Education Institution
OSC           Open Stock Company
PRSP          Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper
HCS           Housing and Communal Services
IDB           Islamic Development Bank
KBO           Key Budget Organizations
PRC           People’s Republic of China
IMF           International Monetary Fund
SGBP          State Guarantee Benefit Package
VAT           Value Added Tax
NGO           Non- Governmental Organization
NDS           National Development Strategy
NSED          National Strategy for Education Development
UNO           United Nations Organization
OPEC          Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
PIP           Public Investments Program
HPS           Hydro Power Station
GRT           Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
USA           United States of America
PCMF          Programme on Centralized Main Funds
DRD           Direct Rule Districts
RT            Republic of Tajikistan
PRS           Poverty Reduction Strategy
MTEF          Mid- Term Expenditure Framework
TAP           Tajikistan Aluminum Plant
FES           Fuel and Energy Sector
MDG           Millennium Development Goal
FMSA          First Medical and Sanitary Aid
SASIP         State Agency on Social Insurance and Pension
SASPEM        State Agency on Social Protection, Employment and Migration




                                      4
                                                   Foreword

       а) Objectives and tasks of the MTEF
       Sustainable economic development, which is continuing in the Republic of
Tajikistan since 1997 and the solid macroeconomic ground and gradually reduction of
poverty provided the opportunity for the Government of Tajikistan to start with the
economic and social reform, preparation of system of long- term and medium- term
development programmes (national development system).
       One of the strategic documents of the Republic of Tajikistan adopted in 2007 is
the National Development Strategy (NDS) for the period up to 2015. National
Development Strategy in the medium- term period stes the priorities of the main sectors
needed for economic- financial reform.
       One of the directions of NDS is the Poverty Reduction Strategy for the next three
years, where within the plan of action it reflects reaching to the goal and implementation
of NDS priorities.
       Mid- Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) should be the third part and the main
part of the National Development Strategy.
       The Decree on the start of development of MTEF1 was adopted by the
Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on September 2006. During the process of
implementation of this Decree Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan
developed the Regulation on “Preparation and implementation of MTEF” and also
developed the Guidance connected to the Budget for the Ministry of Education of the
Republic of Tajikistan. NSED in the Republic of Tajikistan is piloted in the Social
Sector and gradually is implemented in all areas of the economy.
       During the Fiscal Year of 2010 due to the World Financial Crisis and its negative
impacts to the country’s economy, because of the macroeconomic indicators for the
Government of the Republic of Tajikistan were below the standard level it was not
possible to prepare the State Budget on the basis of Mid- Term Expenditure Framework
during this period.
     It should be noted that in 2010 development of Sector Medium Term Expenditure
Framework for the period of 2010- 2012 temporarily were postponed in the republics of
Armenia, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan and Russian Federation with consideration of the
situation occurred.
     In future years with the purpose of continuation of current reform in the state
financial system, quality development of State Budget, targetted and efficient use of
budget funds, avoid the shortcomings during the budget implementation, the State
Budget for 2011 will be drafted with accordance to the Mid- Term Expenditure
Framework.


1
 The Decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan as of September 07, 2006, #409 on “Implementation of Mid-
Term Expenditure Framework in the Republic of Tajikistan”. 5
      Mid- Term Expenditure Framework for the period of 2011- 2013 is prepared on the
basis of priorities set in the Annual Message of the President of the Republic of
Tajikistan Mr. Emomali Rahmon to the Majlisi Oli (Parliament) of the Republic of
Tajikistan, National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan, Medium- Term
Poverty Reduction Strategy in the Republic of Tajikistan and Strategy on Management
of Public Finances of the Republic of Tajikistan.
      Mid- Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) shows the Fiscal Policy Strategy for
the period of three years, which sets forward the general parameters of taxation, strategy
for preparation of the budget for the next year and their assessment for the medium-
term period.
      In accordance with gradual implementation of Mid- Term Expenditure Framework
and the Request of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan as of December 30,
2009, under #133- f for the period of 2011- 2013 the budget for the sectors of
“Education”, “Health”, “Social Protection”, “Agriculture”, “Energy”, “Transport and
Communication”, “Land Melioration”, “Water Industry” and “Culture”, which are the
priority sectors of the National Development Strategy and Poverty Reduction Strategy,
will be developed on the basis of the Mid- Term Expenditure Framework.
        b) The Structure of MTEF for the periof of 2011- 2013.
        The Medium- Term Strategy covers the curret and major expenses directed to
state funding of these sectors through the major sectoral ministries on the basis of
medium- term budgetary request and the detail explanation sectoral medium- term goals,
sectoral expenditure policy, priority programmes and foreseeing of sectoral expenses in
accordance with functional grouping of budget for the period of 2011- 2013.
      In order to simplify the process of preparation of MTEF the Ministry of Finance of
the Republic of Tajikistan established the Inter- Sectoral Working Group for relevant
sectoral ministries to develop the Mid- Term Expenditure Framework, starting from
February 01, 2010 prepared the “Guidance on preparation of the Mid- Term Expenditure
Framework for the period of 2011- 2013 and the Draft of the State Budget for the period
of 2011” and presented these documents to the relevant ministries.
       Therefore, the purpose and the tasks of MTEF for the process of preparation of the
State Budget based on the continuous policy of public expenditures consists of the
consideration of development of macroeconomic environment, the volume of
government resources for medium- term and long- term period.
       These tasks can be accomplished through MTEF implementation which is
basically aimed and result- oriented to increasing the efficiency of public expenditures.
MTEF provides the utilization of the following directions:
       - Aggregated fiscal discipline- The budget resource package should include all
government expenditures; it should be formed prior to the allocation of expenditure to
certain directions, and substantiated by medium- term macroeconomic forecasts;
       - Efficient allocation of government expenditures- public expenditures should be
consistent with the public policy priorities, and inter- sectoral and intra- sectoral
distribution of resources should be carried6out on these priorities;
       - Technical (productive) efficiency- sectoral ministries should select for financing
only those projects and programmes that can assure the maximum attainable level of
efficiency in the sector or sub- sector.
Therefore, MTEF implementation provides for:
       - Improve the microeconomic balance, through formation of a realistic and
comprehensive package of resources, including revenues;
       - Efficient inter-sectoral and intra-sectoral redistribution of budget allocations
basing on the predetermined financing priorities;
       - Assistance in evaluation of existing inconsistencies between state policies and
allocation of financing for its further harmonization;
       - Establish robust budget ceilings for sectors, while creating the conditions and
incentives for the targeted and efficient use of available resources by sectoral ministries
responsible for sector policies.
        The planning of the medium-term public expenditure is an on-going process and,
in essence, represents a complete logical chain of “policy formulation – planning –
budgeting”. It enables to mitigate the possible inconsistency between available resources
and expenditure needs, as well as to reflect in public expenditure the state policy
changes with regard to certain sectors.
        c) Medium-term priority directions of MTEF.
        Hence, in this respect, it is justified, that the MTEF is developed (and/or
reviewed) before the drafting of the annual budget, thus providing guidance for working
out the annual budget.
       Therefore, planning of the medium-term public expenditure implies:
       - Comprehensive assessment of available budget resources (receipts) in medium-
term perspective (bottom- up approach);
       - Determination of detailed inter- sectoral and intra- sectoral medium- term
expenditure framework to conduct the appropriate policy (bottom- up approach);
       - Reconciliation of expenditure needed for implementation of policies in the
sectors with the volume of available public resources in the medium- term framework.
        At the same time it should be noted that the macroeconomic indicators, the
revenues of the State Budget of the Republic of Tajikistan and the robust budget ceilings
for sectors for the period of 2011- 2013 are the indicators for perspective, and they can
be changed with consideration of economic situation.




                                            7
      CHAPTER 1. MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS

       §1. The main Macroeconomic Indicators in the medium- term
        Fiscal and Macroeconomic Policy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of
2011- 2013 will be implemented on the basis of priorities indicated in the strategic
documents of the Republic of Tajikistan. Tax and budget indicators during the medium-
term firstly developed within the framework of provision of the following purposes:
          - to keep the exchange rate of the national currency, inflation standards at certain
level and sustainable development of other macroeconomic indicators;
          - enhance the base for taxation and avoid the cases tax arrears and completely to
include all existing arrears to the state budget;
          - Comprehensive efforts for social sector development, including Education,
Health, Social Protection of Population, increase the level of well- being of citizens, also
development of energy sector, agriculture, transport and communication;
         - With the purpose of further economic sector development, regulating the state
attraction of foreign investment, implement the investment projects on targeted and
effective way.
    It should be noted that the World Economic and Financial Crisis in 2009 had its
negative impact to the main macroeconomic indicators of the republic, and there is a
possibility of its continuation during this year.
        In addition to that, the economy of the Republic of Tajikistan has close relation to
the situation of the prices, import and export of goods in the republic, also to the internal
and foreign political situation of other countries.
        During the period of financial crisis the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
implemented several anti- crisis activities, where it mitigated the pressure to some
extent.
       In 2009 on tha basis of the implemented activities, the economy of country,
including the macroeconomic indicators and financial situation, provision of social-
economic policy were kept in balance.

      §2. The main Macroeconomic Indicators in the medium- term

      During this period the volume of Gross Domestic Products reached to 20.6 billion
Somoni, the Real growth rate is 3.4%, where this is more than 687.1 million Somoni in
comparison to 2008.
      The Gross Domestic Product is increased in 2009 (in comparison to the lat year)
as the result of the agericultural products with the amount of 718.5 million Somoni,
commercial services to population 4.9 million Somoni, retail sale turnover 514.4 million
Somoni.
      Besides that, the volume of industrial products decreased to 6.3% and capital
investment from all sources of funding is decreased to 15.5% in comparison to the year
of 2008.                                    8
       §3. Inflation- Consumer Price Indexes, GDP Deflator.
       The value of the national currency during 2009 were kept in balance, where the
rate of infaltion was 5% during this period, which is 6.8% lesser in comparisoin to 2008.
         But, it should be noted that, despite of taking the necessary measures on
reduction of the pressure of financial and economic crisis, the impact of this crisis felt in
on external economic activities.
       §4. Foreign Trade Turnover, Remittances, Exchange Rate of the National
currency to US Dollar.
       During this period the Foerign Trade Turnover is decreased to 23.4% or the
amount of 1.1 billion US dollars in comparison to 2008 and the total size of tunover
amounted 3.6 billion US Dollars. Including, the volume of export decreased to 396.4
million US Dollar or 28.1% and the volume of import decreased to 701.1 million US
Dollars or 21.4% in comparison to 2008.
       Decrease of import of goods caused by the following products: Argil with the
amount of 87.6 million US Dollars, Fuel with the amount of 901 million US Dollars,
means of light vehicles 108.7 million US Dollars, Flour 47.5 million US Dollars and
Cement with the amount of 16.0 million US Dollars.
       Thus, some of the macroeconomic indicators achieved for 2008 and 2009 are
provided in the below table:

                                                                                       Difference
                                               January- December   January- December
                 List of indicators                                                    2009/2008
                                                     2008                2009


Gross Domestic Product (Million Somoni)             17609,3             20622,8         3013,5

Real Development Growth of GDP, in %                 107,9               103,4            -4,5

Consumer Price Index, in %                           111,8               105,0            -6,8
Exchange Rate of the National Currency to US
Dollar ( in Somoni)                                  3,42                4,37             1,0

Export – Million US Dollars                         1406,4              1010,0           -396,4
Import – Million US Dollars                         3269,8              2568,7           -701,1
Foreign Trade Turnover                              4676,2              3578,7          -1097,5

Balance (trade balance)                             -1863,4             -1558,7          304,7

Number of unemployed (thousand persons)              45,7                46,5             0,8
Medium size of the salary of one worker (in
Somoni), (November)                                  263,3               308,2            44,9
       - official information from State Committee on Statistics.
       From above- mentioned table it can be seen that the microeconomic indicators
related to foreign trade turnover is decreasing in 2009.
       Trade balance is considered negative in 2009 and in comparison to 2008 it
decreased to 304.7 million US Dollars,9number of un-employed is increased in
comparison to 2008 and reached to 46.5 thousand persons.
       Based on the results achieved in 2009 and changing of macroeconomi situation in
the republic, the Midium- Term Macroecomonic Indicators are prepared.
       During the preparation of macroeconomic indicators the volume of Nominal
Gross Domestic Product in 2010 amounts of 24,500.00 million Somoni and the
forecasting of its implementation is estimated to 25,300.00 million Somoni.
       In addition to that, the Real Growth of Gross Domestic Product in 2010 estimated
to 5.1%, inflation to 9.0%, Gross Domestic Product Deflator 12.0% and exchange rate of
the national currency to US Dollar is estimted to 4.50 Sommoni for one US Dollar.
       It should be noted that, with consideration of these factors and taking into account
that the year of 2010 is the basis fiscal year for the period of 2011- 2013 the
macroeconomic indicators during these years are forecasted with the amount of 30,180.0
million Somoni, 36,650.0 million Somoni and 44,790.00 Somoni with the real growth of
6.5%, 7.0% and 7.2% accordingly.
       §5. Achievement to macroeconomic sustainability.
       During the medium term the volume of Gross Domestic Product is considered on
the basis of its structure change and development of economic sectors.
       In 2011 production of goods and industrial products is forecasted with the amount
of 7876.0 Million Somoni and the its growth rate with comparatory prices in comparison
with the last year is estimated to 2.5 %. This indicator is estimated to 8492.0 Million
Somoni with the real growth of 4.4% in 2012 and 9355.0 Million Somoni with the real
growth rate of 7.1% in 2013.
       Production of agricultural goods with consideration of the forecasted prices in
2011 estimated to 9458.0 Million Somoni with the real growth of 2.3%, in 2012
amounts 10,130.00 Million Somoni with the real growth of 2.0%, in 2013 amounts
10,830.0 Million Somoni with the real growth of 1.8%. During this period based on
forecasting the price cotton fabric increases in the world market and the volume of its
prodcution is estimted to raise.
       Transportation of goods by all types of transport means is estimated to 64.6
thousand tons in 2011, and the volume of tansportation of goods estimated to increase to
3.2% and in 2013 to 3.1% and reaches to 68,6 thousand tons. At the same time during
this period the automobile road of Dushanbe- Chanak is planned to be competed,where
provides the ground for development of transportation services.
       Retail goods tunrover with forecasted prices estimates the volume of 7450.0
million Somoni in 2011 and based on the comparison prices and comparing to the last
year reaches 11.0%, in 2012 amounts to 8625.0 Million Somoni and based on the
comparison prices and comparing to the last year reaches 12.5%, in 2013 amounts to
10,450.0 Million Somoni and and based on the comparison prices and comparing to the
last year reaches to 13.1%.
       Commercial service provision to the population with forecasted prices estimated
in 2011 and reaches to 6870.0 Million Somoni with the growth rate of 11.0% based on
the comparison prices, in 2012 it amounts10to 8625.0 Million Somoni with the growth
rate of 11.5%, in 2013 10,435.0 Million Somoni wit the growth rate of 12.0% in
comparison to the last years.
      During this period it is estimated that the investment activities from all sources of
funding reaches to 4120.0 Million Somoni, including 1480.0 Million Somoni from the
State Budget in 2011, 4360.0 Million Somoni, inlcuding 1774.5 Million Somoni from
the State Budget in 2012, and 4600.0 Million Somoni, including 2455.0 Million Somoni
from the State Budget in 2013.


                                           GDP in 1999- 2010




                                                                            Estimation

                                                                            Real




  In addition to that the GDP Inflator in 2011- 2013 with condsideration of changing
economic situation estimeted to 12.0%, 13.5% and 14.0% accordingly.
       During the preparation of the macroeconomic indicator perspective and the State
Budget for the period of 2011- 2013 based on the proposition of the National Bank of
Tajikistan the annual medium value of the national currency against one US Dollar is
estimated 4.80 Somoni, 5.10 Somoni and 5.60 Somoni accordingly.
       In 2011 the level of inflation is estimated to 9.0%, during the years of 2012- 2013
is estimated to 7.5% and 6.5% accordingly.




                                            11
               The dynamics of GDP development and Inflations during the years




                                                                                                      GDP

                                                                                                     Inflation




        There are several important state constructions have been finished during the
Medium Term in the economy of the republic, where this supports to development and
improvement of the economy of the Republic of Tajikistan, including:
       - Capital infrastructure projects (including the construction of HPS Sangtuda 1
with participation of Russian Federation);
       - Construction of automobile road of Dushanbe- Chanak, which enables the
increase the service provision in transportation sector;
       - Construction of electricity transmission line of 500 kV project “South North” and
the Project of “Lolazor Khatlon” of 200 kV;
       - increase the volume of production and exporting the aluminum due to its increase
of demand in the world and keeping its high value;
       - Recovery of cotton production resulting from the continuous institutional reform
in this sector;
       - Increase the volume of remittances to the country (with accordance to World
Bank data in 2006 the amount reached 900 million US Dollars or it made 36% of
GDP2).
       The effect of these factors will be continued during the period of 2010-2013 and in
case of sufficient conservative probabilities on continuation and progress on existing
social and economic development trends, it would be possible that the annual economic
development to be at 7% on average.


2 See The World Bank. Country Partnership Strategy Progress Report for the Republic of Tajikistan for the period

FY06-FY09. June 22, 2007, Page 1

                                                      12
       With consideration of these factors the new job vacancies are envisaged, where
majority of unemployed people will be provided with new jobs and the living standard
will increase.
       Also, during the period the special attention is given to the increase of the salaries
of budgetary sectors employees. The total volume of the salary fund for 2011 is
estimated to 1527.8 million Somoni, which is equals to 5.1% of the Gross Domestic
Product, and it increases to 34.0% in comparison to 2010. This indicator for 2012 is
estimated 1954.0 million Somoni or 5.3% of the Gross Domestic Product, in 2013 the
amount reaches to 2455.0 million Somoni or 5.5% Gross Domestic Product and the
annual average increase is 28%.
       During the period of 2005- 2009 based on the National Bank of Tajikistan the
amount of funds received in the republic are as follows:

                 Transfer of funds to the Republic of Tajikistan                                                       (million US Dollars)
                                           2004                2005                 2006                        2007               2008            2009
 Incoming                                       433,5              664,0              1 127,7                   1 774,1             2 670,5            1 833,9
 Outgoing                                       169,8              360,4                    561,2                 901,6              967,6              599,8
 Net monetary incomings                         263,7              303,6                    566,5                 872,5             1 702,9            1 234,1


                                          Transfer of funds to the Republic of Tajikistan
                                                             (Million US Dollars)
            3 000,0

            2 500,0

            2 000,0

            1 500,0

            1 000,0

              500,0

                  0,0
                                2004 .         2005                 2006                    2007 .                 2008 .                 2009 .


                                           Incoming               Outgoing                      Net incomings




       In addition to that, based on the data and information and estimations the
International Monetary Fund foresee the volume of the remittances which will be sent
by citizens of Tajikistan labor migrants who are working abroad:
                                                              Million US Dollars
                        Years            2010            2011                2012                    2013                   2014               2015


                Labor Migrant
                                         1,797           1,935               2,105                   2,327                  2,621              2,839
                 Remittances




        On the basis of above- mentioned13data, in the medium term, it is estimated
that the degree of the population’s income increases, which put the ground for better
level of living standards and poverty reduction.
        In the post- period of the world economic and financial crisis the main purpose of
MTEF consisted of provision of macroeconomic sustainability, support to real economy
sector, creation of the new vacancies and support to the labor market, improve the
investment environment to attract the investments, etc.
        Major obstacles for achieving the macroeconomic sustainability consist of the
following factors:
        - Insufficient relationships between the activities of the economy sector entities on
issues connected to development of macroeconomic perspectives, monetary and
creditory and budgetary matters, where they become the obstacles to take most relevant
economic decisions on time;
        - Insufficient means for monetary and credit policy and inadequate development
of security market;
        - Insufficient of economy diversification and exporting capacity of the republic,
where the level of external factors are high, including the negative factors of the world
crisis;
        - Inconsistencies between rapidly growing labor resources and creation of the job
vacancies, where it resulted to increase of the labor migration to abroad.
        With consideration of implementation of the main directions and priorities of
NDS, PRSP and the Strategy on management of state finances in macroeconomic sector
these factors will be reviewed:
         - Advancement of tax and budget policy;
         - Advancement of further monetary and credit policy;
         - Continuing the institutional reform.
        Advancement of tax and budget policy will be implemented through further
improvement of budgeting process, planned implementation of the Strategy on
management of state finances in the short term, sustainable and reliable strengthening,
completeness and transparency of budget, advancement of taxation system,
improvement of administrating of tax, establishment of country- wide registration and
census of taxpayers system through implementing the principle of the “Single window”,
simplicity of customs documentations and appropriation of customs tariffs in the
modern way.
        Further advancement of monetary and credit policy, provides the measures for
sustainable development of banking system, improvement of legal support for banking
activities, advancement of the order of insurance of deposit, catch the attention of the
international financial institutions for provision of loans to organizations and increase of
accessibility of loans, enhancement of service structures provided by banks, the use of
effective keys to stop the level of inflation.
        The process of structural reform and increase the effectiveness of the work of the
government structure has the likelihood with consideration of the changing of economic
situation. Continuation of the process of14advancement               of     macroeconomic
perspective methods and statistics, increase the effectiveness and transparency of
management of state finances will be foreseen. To reach to these goals the activities
should be continued with relation to capacity building of government structure staff that
is responsible for implementation of macroeconomic policy, also the works directed to
advancement of legal standard principles which are regulating the macroeconomic
sustainability.
                        CHAPTER 2. GOVERNMENT REVENUES

      §1. Total volume of revenues for the medium- term period and the sources of their
formations.
     Tax collection policy to State Budget in the medium term is implemented on the
basis of the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, Customs Code of the Republic of
Tajikistan and other legal normative acts.
     In 2009 due to the world financial crisis and its negative impact to the economy of
the Republic of Tajikistan there are several necessary measures have been taken to
ensure the quality collection of funds to the State Budget.
      With the aim to keep the macroeconomic indicators in balance and on this basis to
ensure the State Budget revenues, state financial support and encouragement of small
and medium entrepreneurship and not to admit to decrease of financial situation
industrial organizations and other economic sectors there are several drafts of legal
normative acts were developed and adopted.
      Including, the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan on “Including of amendments to
the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan” was adopted on May 15, 2009, where based
on this law the level of income tax decreased from 25% to 15% and the level of value
added tax decreased from 20% to 15% for all economy sectors.
      The maximum level of income increased from 600 thousand to 800 thousand
Somoni for taxpayers functioning in accordance to simplified system of taxation.
     Hence, the preliminary execution of State Budget in 2009 reached to 99.7% or it
amounted to 5532.6 million Somoni, where this amount in comparison to 2008 is more
than 544.5 million Somoni, but it is less than 16.9 million Somoni against the planned
amount.
     The implementation of Republican Budget Revenue during this period
accomplished to 94.2%, where the amount of 152 million Somoni did not come into to
the Budget.
     The local government budgets during this period reached to 110% and the amount
of 1236 million Somoni received by the State Budget, where it exceeds the amount of 43
million Somoni in comparison to planned budget.
     With consideration of these factors the total volume of State Budget Revenues
during the medium term is estimated with the following indicators:


                                           15
                                2009                        2010              2011                2012              2013
                          Appr.                  Appr.
                                       Actual                 Estimate       Estimate     %      Estimate    %     Estimate     %
                          Budget                 Budget
Total volume of State
                           5 549,1     5 579,6    6 536,4          6 736,2      7724,0     18       9350,5   21      10379,0    11
Budget Revenues
               % to GDP      25,9        27,1       26,7             26,6          25,6               25,5              23,2

including:
Public       Investment
                            784,1       516,1     1 141,3          1 141,3     1 1094,3   -4,1      1299,6   19        779,2    -40
Program
Government Debt             378,6       576,7      301,3            301,3        274,6     -9        242,2   -12        38,0    -84
Special Funds of Budget
                            182,9       311,8      283,8            283,6        370,1     30        501,2   35        644,2    29
Organizations
Current revenues by
                           4 203,5     4 175,0    4 810,0          5 010,0      5 985,0    24      7 307,6   22       8 917,7   22
grants
               % to GDP      19,6        20,2       19,6             19,8          19,8               19,9              19,9



      The total volume of approved State Budget Revenues for 2010 is determined with
nominal growth of 17.0% in comparison of 2009 with the amount of 6536.4 million
Somoni, where this indicator is equivalent to 26.7% of GDP volume.
      The total volume of State Budget Revenues with annually average growth of
16.6% during the period of 2011- 2013 is estimated to 7724.0 million Somoni, 9350.5
million Somoni and 10379.0 million Somoni accordingly, where this indicator equals to
25.6% of GDP volume in 2011, 25.5% of GDP volume in 2012, 23.2% of GDP volume
in 203 accordingly.
       §2. Analysis of revenues based on the various types of taxes
       The State Budget Revenues in 2010 in account of Public Investment Programmes
is estimated with the volume of 1141.3 million Somoni with nominal growth of 45.5%
in comparison to 2009 and this amount equals to 4.9% of GDP volume. This indicator
during the period of 2011- 2013 equals to 1094.3 million Somoni, 1299.6 million
Somoni and 779.2 million Somoni accordingly.
       It should be noted that the State Budget revenue through the Public Investment
Programmes during the period of 2011- 2013 is an approximate indicator, and with
consideration of carrying on the negotiations with International financial institutions and
change in the economic situation in the country they can be changed as well.
         State Budget Revenues in account of State Debt estimated in 2010 with the
amount of 301.3 million Somoni or 1.2% of total GDP, in 2011 with the amount of
274.6 million Somoni or 0.9% of GDP, in 2012 and 2013 with temporary indicators with
the amount of 242.2 million Somoni and 38.0 million Somoni accordingly.
       State Budget Revenues in account of the Special funds of budgetary organizations
in 2010 is estimated with the amount of 283.6 million Somoni, where it equals to 4.3%
of total volume of State Budget Revenues. This indicator increases in the further years,
in 2011 it is estimated with the amount of 370.1 million Somoni, in 2012 to 501.2
million Somoni and in 2013 it amounts 644.2 million Somoni or 29.0% increases in
comparison to 2012, where it equals to 6.2% of the total amount of State Budget
                                            16
revenues.
           Preliminary fulfillment of State Budget current revenues for 2010 amounts 4774.5
     million Somoni without consideration of grant amounts, or it is estimated as
     achievement of the planned budget to 103.7% and this equals to 18.9% of GDP volume
     and with comparison to accomplished current revenues in 2009 this amount is more than
     23.7%.
           The volume of State Budget current revenues without involvement of grants
     estimated for 2011 with the amount of 5841.1 million Somoni, in 2012- 7256.6 million
     Somoni and in 2013- 8917.6 million Somoni, where in comparison of 2010 it increases
     to 26.8% or the amount of 1235.1 million Somoni, in comparison to 2012- 24.2% or
     1415.5 million Somoni, and in comparison 2013- 22.9% or the amount of 1661 million
     Somoni.
            The total amount of grants for the period of 2011- 2013 is not considered, as it is
     not clear how much exactly will be invested during these years. For period of 2011 and
     2012 the amount of 144.0 million Somoni (30 million US Dollars) and 51.0 million
     Somoni accordingly the grant funds are considered to the State Budget revenues. These
     indicators are not the maximum barrier and the grant funds for mentioned years can be
     changed based on the negotiations with International Financial Institutions. At present
     the negotiation are on the way with International Financial Institutions and other donor
     governments to get access to the grant funds.
            At present circumstances there is probability that with change of the economic
     situation there will be the change in tax policy in the Republic of Tajikistan.
            During this period the advancement of the Tax Code of the Republic of Tajikistan
     and amendments to this Code with the purpose of encouragement of small and medium
     entrepreneurship, increase of the exporting power of the republic, improvement of
     collection of tax funds, remove the current tax privileges, finding the new sources, etc.
     are taken into account.
          The structure of State Budget current revenues for the period of 2011- 2013 by the
     receiving organizations are as follows:

                    2009     2010     2010              estimate               difference       difference      difference
                                                                               2011/2010        2012/2011       2013/2011
   Indicators       impl                       2011 с   2012 с     2013 с
                             Appr.    Prel.                                                   " +,-            " +,-
                                                                            " +,- "   in %             in %             in %
                             budget   impl.                                                     "                "
Gross Domestic
                    20623    24500    25300    30180     36650     44790    5680,0
   Product

Total Revenues
                    3859,9   4606,0   4774,5   5841,1   7256,6     8917,6   1235,1    126,8   1415,5   124,2   1661,0   122,9
without grants
( million Somoni)
     Share to
                     18,7     18,8     18,9     19,4      19,8      19,9     0,6      102,9    0,4     102      0,1     100,6
     GDP %
      including

Customs Service
                    1498,0   1850,0   1850,0   2305,1   2839,5     3476,9   455,1     124,6   534,4    123,2   637,4    122,4
(million Somoni)

                                                          17
   Share to GDP %         7,3         7,6        7,3         7,6        7,7      7,8       0,1    101,1      0,1     101        0,0       100,2


 Comparison weight
in the current revenue    38,8       40,2       38,7         39,5       39,1     39,0     -0,7    98,25     -0,3     99,2       -0,1      99,6
           %
  Tax Committee
                         2283,1     2643,0     2811,5       3414,5    4279,6    5266,4    771,5   129,2     865,1    125,3    986,8       123,1
  ( million Somoni)
       Share to GDP
                          11,1       10,8       11,1         11,3       11,7     11,8      0,5    104,9      0,4     103        0,1       100,7
           %
 Comparison weight
in the current revenue    59,1       57,4       58,9         58,5       59,0     59,1      1,1    101,9      0,5     101        0,1       100
           %
 Other structures
                          78,8       113,0      113,0       121,5      137,5    174,3      8,5    107,5     16,0     113,2      36,8      126,8
 (Million Somoni).
     Share to GDP
                          0,4         0,5        0,4         0,4        0,4      0,4      -0,1     87,3      0,0     93,2       0,0       104
         %
 Comparison weight
                          2,0         2,5        2,4         2,1        1,9      2,0      -0,4     84,8     -0,2     91,1       0,1       103
   in incomes %



             The share of revenues collected by Tax Committee under the Government of the
       Republic of Tajikistan in the State Budget current revenues equals to 58.5% in 2011,
       59.0% in 2012, 59.1% in 2013, accordingly it is the equivalent to 11.3% of GDP in
       2011, 11.7% of GDP in 2012 and 11.8% of GDP in 2013, based on the revenues the
       growth in comparison to approved budget of 2010 is estimated to increase to 771.5
       million Somoni in 2011, accordingly of 2011 to 865.1 million Somoni in 2012 and of
       2012 to 986.8 million Somoni in 2013 accordingly.
             The share of revenues collected by Customs Service under the Government of the
       Republic of Tajikistan in the State Budget current revenues equals to 39.5% in 2011,
       39.1% in 2012, 39.0% in 2013, accordingly it is the equivalent to 7.6% of GDP in 2011,
       7.7% of GDP in 2012 and 7.8% of GDP in 2013, based on the revenues the growth of
       2011 in comparison to approved budget of 2010 is estimated to increase to 455.1 million
       Somoni, accordingly for 2012 in comparison to approved budget of 2011 to 534.4
       million Somoni and in 2013 in comparison of 2012 to 637.4 million Somoni.

       §3. The estimations of tax and non- tax revenues for the medium- term period
             Hence, the estimations of tax and non- tax revenues based on each source of
       income in the medium term will be estimated with the following indicators:

                                   2009      2009/       2010 с.     2010 с    2011      incr.    2012       incr.     2013           incr.
                                  actual     GDP        estimate      prel               2011\               2012\                    2013\
                                              (%)                    impl.               2010                2011                     2012
   Gross Domestic
   Product                        20623,0                24500,0     25300,0   30180,0            36650,0             44790,0
   Current revenues
   without grants                  3859,9     18,7        4606,4      4774,5    5841,0   1234,6   7256,6    1415,6     8917,7      1661,0
   II. Tax Revenues                3646,0     12,2        4355,0      4514,0    5538,3   1183,3    6899,6   1361,3     8491,3      1591,6


                                                                        18
1. Income Tax from
physical persons and
Income Tax                     609,4   3,0    692,5    713,0    832,3   139,8   1132,4   300,1   1387,2   254,8
Income Tax from Physical
persons                        366,9   1,8    426,4    436,8    530,4   104,0    682,9   152,5    885,9   203,0
 Income Tax from judicial
person                         118,4   0,6    122,2    128,7    142,4    20,2    229,6    87,2    252,3    22,7
 Least Tax from incomes
of organizations               124,1   0,6    143,9    147,5    159,5    15,6    219,9    60,4    249,0    29,1
2. Social Tax                  481,4   2,3    540,0    545,8    657,2   117,2    832,0   174,8   1011,8   179,8
3. Property Tax and
Land Tax                       142,7   0,7    158,1    164,6    218,1    60,0    237,3    19,2    306,6    69,3
 Tax from immovable
properties                      57,5   0,3     67,4     71,0     87,6    20,2     91,7     4,1    118,3    26,6
 Land Tax from the
judicial person                  8,2   0,0      7,8      8,2     10,7     2,9     14,2     3,5     18,2     4,0
 Land Tax from the
physical person                 15,1   0,1     17,2     19,4     34,8    17,6     39,3     4,5     49,0     9,7
Unique Tax for all
agriculture product
producers                       61,9   0,3     65,7     66,0     85,0    19,3     92,1     7,1    121,1    29,0
4. Sale Tax, Value
Added and Turnover            1916,3   3,8   2345,0   2417,7   2992,3   647,3   3643,5   651,2   4520,4   876,9
4.1.Sale Tax                   141,5   0,7    148,9    180,9    203,7    54,8    249,0    45,3    322,7    73,7
Tax on sale of cotton
fabric                          53,4   0,3     55,5     56,2     62,5     7,0     69,9     7,4     72,7     2,8
Tax on sale of primary
aluminum                         2,5   0,0      3,3      4,2      5,2     1,9      7,5     2,3     10,3     2,8
Retail Sale Tax                 85,6   0,4     90,1    120,5    136,0    45,9    171,6    35,6    239,7    68,1
4.2. Value Added Tax          1722,8   2,9   2138,4   2174,3   2682,6   544,2   3258,5   575,9   4033,4   774,9
Value Added Tax
(Internal)                     407,0   2,0    529,7    560,5    669,2   139,5    829,7   160,5   1049,5   219,8
Value Added Tax
(External)                    1128,4         1397,8   1397,8   1721,4   323,6   2113,0   391,6   2602,0   489,0
Tax on the use of
automobile roads               187,4   0,9    210,9    216,0    292,0    81,1    315,8    23,8    381,9    66,1
4.3. Tax on the basis of
simplified system               52,0   0,3     57,7     62,5    106,0    48,3    136,0    30,0    164,3    28,3
5. Excise Tax                  165,6   0,8    224,5    235,8    298,3    73,8    357,9    59,6    456,0    98,1
 Internal Excise Tax            12,4   0,1     18,1     29,4     38,9    20,8     45,5     6,6     66,8    21,3
External Excise Tax            153,2   0,7    206,4    206,4    259,4    53,0    312,4    53,0    389,2    76,8
6. Customs Tax                 197,0   1,0    220,1    220,1    287,3    67,2    362,6    75,3    426,0    63,4
7. Other Taxes on goods
and services                   133,6   0,6    174,8    217,0    252,8    78,0    333,9    81,2    383,3    49,4
 Tax from vehicle owners        45,0   0,2     51,1     60,5     74,2    23,1     97,0    22,8    113,0    16,0
 Tax on the use of the land
depth                           18,8   0,1     22,8     29,4     44,8    22,0     85,8    41,0     91,8     6,0
 Royalty for water                     0,0     33,4     39,2     44,1    10,7     52,5     8,4     68,9    16,4
 State Tax                      43,0   0,2     43,2     51,2     64,2    21,0     72,5     8,3     82,8    10,3
 Tax on special processing
of goods                        26,8   0,1     24,3     36,7     25,5     1,2     26,1     0,6     26,8     0,7
V. Non- Tax Revenues           213,9   1,0    251,4    260,5    302,7    51,3    357,0    54,3    426,4    69,4


     Hence, the increase of revenues during the period of 2011- 2013 basically through
  value added tax ranges from 544,2 million Somoni to 774.9 million Somoni, through
  Social Tax ranges from 117.2 to 179.8 million Somoni, Income tax from the physical
  persons from 104.0 million Somoni to 203.0 million Somoni, Least Income Tax from
  15.6 million Somoni to 60.4 million19Somoni, Excise Duties from 73.8 million
Somoni to 98.1 million Somoni and the Customs Tax ranges from 67.3 million Somoni to
75.3 million Somoni.
     The comparative weight of Value Added Tax in the State Budget current revenues
 for the period of 2011- 2013 ranges from 41.0% to 41.1%, Income Tax from physical
 persons from 14.2% to 15.6%, Social Tax from 11.3% to 11.5%, Excise Duties ranges
 from 5.0% to 5.1%.
       The estimations of State Budget current revenues for the period f 2011- 2013 on
 the basis of incoming sources and taxation resources are formed as follows.
       §4. Inflow of Grants for the support of the State Budget and Public Investment
 Programmes for the medium- term period.
       Tax revenues from the incomes of physical persons based on the statistical data on
 the salaries and their estimations for the period 2011- 2013 is estimated to 530 million
 Somoni, 683 million Somoni and 885.9 million Somoni accordingly.
       Social Tax from non- budgetary tax-payers based on the source of taxation is
 estimated 657.2 million Somoni in 2011, 832 million Somoni in 2012 and 1011.8
 million Somoni in 2013 accordingly.
       Based on the data of Land Works, Geodesy and Topography Agency under the
 Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on the size of fields and average standards of
 current taxes, also with consideration of financial situation of agricultural farms the
 revenue from land tax and the unified tax for producers of agricultural products for the
 period of 2011- 2013 the amount of tax revenues are estimated 131 million Somoni, 145
 million Somoni and 188 million Somoni accordingly.
       The incomes from the sale tax of cotton fabric based on its production during the
 current year with the volume of 370.0 thousand tons and in 2011 with the volume of 390
 thousand tons, 2012- 411 thousand tons and the sale of cotton fabric with the amount of
 118.8 thousand tons, in 2013- 412.8 thousand tons with the sale of cotton fabric of the
 volume of 123.5 thousand tons with average of 1153.8 US Dollar for each ton with 10%
 standard rate is estimated to 62.5 million Somoni for 20111, 70.0 million Somoni in
 2012 and 72.6 million Somoni in 2013.
       During the period of 2011- 2013 based on requirements of the current legal-
 normative acts and preliminary calculations the amount of privileges for import of goods
 is 2.0 billion Somoni, including 1.3 billion Somoni from Value Added Tax and 0.7
 billion Somoni from Customs Tax.
       The Excise Tax for the goods produced in the territory of the country and sub-
 excise goods imported to the republic during the period of 2011- 2013 is estimated 298.4
 million Somoni, 358 million Somoni and 456 million Somoni accordingly.
       The Customs Tax during the year of 2011- 2013 amounting 287.3 million Somoni,
 362.6 million Somoni and 426 million Somoni accordingly depends on the increase of
 the volume of imported goods and customs value of imported goods.
       During the period of 2011- 2013 the incomes from Internal Value Added Tax with
 consideration of real growth of GDP, changing the value of national currency against the
 foreign currency and existing tax20privileges is determined with the amount
      of 669.2 million Somoni, 829.7 million Somoni and 1049.5 million Somoni accordingly.

                CHAPTER 3. PUBLIC EXPENDITURES FOR MEDIUM TERM PERIOD

            §1. The Policy on the Implementation of the State Budget funds in the medium-
      term period.
            State Budget Expenditure Policy during the medium- term will be implemented
      based on identified strategic documents, including National Development Strategy of the
      Republic of Tajikistan for the period of up to 2015, Poverty Reduction Strategy of the
      Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 2010- 2012, Strategy on management of public
      finances for the period of 2009- 2018, the Annual Message of the President of the
      Republic of Tajikistan to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of Tajikistan and other strategic
      documents.
            State Budget Expenditures is planned with the purpose of satisfying the priority
      needs of budgetary sectors with consideration of their medium term priorities and the
      excess of expenditures against the incomes.
            State Budget Expenditure Indicators for the medium term period is given in the
      following table:

                               2009                      2010               2011                2012                 2013
                          Appr.               Appr.
                                    Actual                 Estimation     Estimation     %    Estimation     %     Estimation     %
                          budget              budget
Total State Budget
Expenditures-             5 652,0   5 642,8    6 781,5          6 781,3       8025,0     18       9536,0     19        10 624     11
total
in % to GDP                  26,4     27,4       27,7             26,8          26,6                26,0                 23,7
including:
 Budget                     4 306    4 238     5 055,1          5 055,1       6 286,1    24      7 492,8     19        9 162,8    22
           In % to GDP       20,1       21       20,6             20,0          20,8                20,4                 20,5
      including:
 Salary
                            1 035        0     1 143,1          1 143,1       1 527,8    34        1 954     28         2 455     26
Fund
             in % toGDP       4,8       0,0        4,7              4,5            5,1                 5,3                  5,5
Major Expenditure         1 008,4       0,0    1 260,7          1 260,7       1 480,0    17      1 774,6     20        2 015,2    14
         In % to GDP          4,7       0,0        5,1              5,0            4,9                 4,8                  4,5
 Public
Investment                  784,1    516,1     1 141,3          1 141,3       1094,3     -4       1299,6     19         779,2     -40
Programmes
In % to GDP                   3,7       2,5        4,7              4,5            3,6                  4                    2
 Public Debt                378,6    576,7      301,3            301,3         274,6      9        242,2     -12         38,0
         In % to GDP          1,8       2,8        1,2              1,2            0,9                 0,7                  0,1
Special Funds               182,9    311,8      283,8            283,6         370,1     30        501,2     35         644,2     29
         In % to GDP          0,9       1,5        1,2              1,1            1,2                 1,0                  1,0


            In 2010 the total volume of State Budget Expenditures is estimated to
      6781.5 million Somoni, where it is more21than 20% in comparison to approved
budget of 2009 and it equals to 27.7% of total GDP.
      During the period of 2011- 2013 total amount of State Budget Expenditures
increases and the annual average of expenditures reaches to 16%.
      State Budget total expenditures in 2011 are estimated to 8025.0 million Somoni
with nominal growth of 18.0% in comparison to 2010, which equals to 26.6% of total
GDP.
      This indicator estimated in 2012 to 9536.0 million Somoni and in 2013 to 10624.0
million Somoni, where this number increases to 11.0% in comparison to 2012.
      State Budget Expenditures through Public Investment Programme in 2010 is
estimated to the amount of 1141.3 million Somoni with the nominal growth of 45.5% in
comparison to 2009, where it makes up to 4.9% of the total GDP. This indicator during
the period of 2011- 2013 estimated to 1094.3 million Somoni, 1299.6 million Somoni
and 779.2 million Somoni consequently.
     In addition to that, based on expenditure indicators the joint investment
programmes with international finance institutions is developed on the basis of the
projects integrated in the Public Investment Programmes with the purpose of providing
the share of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
     During the period of 2011- 2013 based on the instant data there are 81 joint
investment programmes is estimated, which includes implementation of 48 joint
investment programmes during 2011. The share of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan in joint investment programmes is estimated to 85.6 million Somoni in 2011,
where in comparison to approved budget of 2010 this figure is more than 10.2 million
Somoni or 13.5% increase.
      Basically, the share of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan in joint
investment programmes is foreseen to the reform and restoration of the national
economy.
      §2. The sources of funding and their directions for utilization.
     Government share funding through State Budget funds in joint investment
programmes during 2011 is distributed to the following based on sectors:

 - Agriculture                                  - 16,9 million Somoni     (19,7 %);
 - Transportation                                - 44,3 million Somoni    (51,9 %);
 - Education                                      - 4,9 million Somoni    (5,7 %);
 - Health                                          - 1,5 million Somoni   (1,8 %);
 - State Governance and management
   sector                                        - 0,5 million Somoni (0,6 %);
 - Housing and communal services                 - 1,8 million Somoni (2,1 %);
 - Social Sector                                 - 0,7 million Somoni (0,8 %);
 - Reserve for implementation of
   programme which are in the process of
   negotiations                                 - 15,0 million Somoni (17,5 %);
                                           22
 Total:                                            - 85,6 million Somoni (100 %)
      Funding of joint investment programmes in 2011 on the basis of all sources is
estimated with the amount of 1094 million Somoni, including:
− Debt                                  – 804,7 million Somoni or 58,8 per cent;
− Grants                                – 446,6 million Somoni or 32,6 per cent;
− Share of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan:
   through budget funds                 – 85,6 million Somoni or 6,3 per cent;
− Other internal sources                  – 2,2 million Somoni or 2,3 per cent.
        §3. State Budget Expenditures for government debt services, etc.
       State Budget Expenditures for settlement of debt in 2010 is foreseen with the
amount of 301.3 million Somoni or 1.2% of total GDP, in 2011 this figures estimated
274.6 million Somoni or 0.9% of GDP share, in 2012 and 2013 based on the temporary
indicators the estimated figures are 242.2 million Somoni and 38.0 million Somoni
accordingly.
       Taking into the consideration of full debt repayment for People’s Republic of
China, the State budget expenditures from State Budget comparatively decreases.
       State budget expenditures through special funds of budgetary organizations is
estimated to 283.6 million Somoni in 2010, where it is the equivalent of 4.1% of the
total amount of State budget expenditures. This indicator grows in further years, and it
amounts 370.1 million Somoni in 2011, 501.2 million Somoni in 2012 and in 2013 it is
estimated to 644.2 million Somoni or 29.0% more than the period of 2012 and this
number equals to 6.0% of the total State budget expenditures.
       The approved amount of State budget current expenditures for 2010 is 5055.1
million Somoni or 20.6% of GDP and this indicator increases in further years and the
estimation for 2011 amounts to 6286.1 million Somoni, in 2012 amounts to 7492.8
million Somoni, in 2013 amounts to 9162.8 million Somoni, where the annual average
growth for the last three years estimated to 21.6%. The comparative weight of State
budget current expenditures is estimated to 20.6% of GDP in 2010, 20.8% of GDP in
2011, 20.4% of GDP in 2012, and 20.5% of GDP in 2013.
       Planned Wage Fund for 2010 is 1143.1 million Somoni and it makes 22.6% of the
total State budget current expenditures or it is the equivalent of 4.7% of GDP.
       This indicator increases in further years, and estimated to amount of 1527.8
million Somoni or 5.1% of GDP in 2011, 1954.0 million Somoni or 5.3% of GDP in
2012, and 2455.0 million Somoni or 5.5% of GDP in 2013.
       Increase in salaries basically foreseen in all sectors and it is directed with the
purpose of keeping the volume of salary within the border of inflation rate and
devaluation of Somoni worth.
       Within the framework of determined Wage Fund the priorities of all budget
organizations will be taken into account and the reform of salary will be continued in the
republic.
       With the aim of implementation of the reform of salaries of Government
Servicemen the Unified Tariff Table-23tariffs coefficients, payment of salaries of
Government Servicemen based on these tariffs will be piloted starting from October 01,
2010.
       Centralized State Main Funds within the framework of Medium Term
Expenditure Framework for period of 2011- 2013 is identified in accordance with
Country Social Economic Development Programme, Public Investment Programmes of
the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 2010- 2012 and other sectoral and regional
Programmes.
       In 2010 the amount of 1260.7 million Somoni and in 2011 the amount of 1480.0
million Somoni is forecasted for the main expenditures of Centralized State Budget,
where comparatively it is increased to 17% nominally, and in 2013 this figure is
forecasted with the amount of 2015.2 million Somoni.
       Basically, the centralized funds during the medium term period will be directed to
construction of energy sector facilities in average of 63%, social sector 20% and housing
and communal services 14% from the total amount of main expenditures of centralized
fund.
       Main centralized funding will be directed to the constructions with strategic
importance for economic and social development of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Including, in the first hand- the construction of HPS Roghun: the amount of 850 million
Somoni in 2011, 1100 million Somoni in 2012 and 1200 million Somoni will be directed
to this construction. This expenditure provides the ground for the start of functioning of
the first two HPS Roghun aggregate. Construction of other buildings (schools, houses
and other premises for social sector organizations) for areas submerging after Roghun
HPS construction is included within the framework of this expenditure. At the same
time the essential funds are forecasted for construction of Shurob HPS, exploration
activities in coal mines, construction of water pipeline of Khujand city in Bobojon
Ghafurov district and construction of automobile road of Dushanbe- Kulma.
       Also, for construction of social and cultural sector buildings, such as construction
and restoration of schools within the framework of “State Programme on construction,
restoration and rehabilitation of schools for the period of 2008- 2015”, gymnasium-
boarding schools for orphans, gymnasium- boarding schools for talented children,
additional educational buildings of National University of Tajikistan and Technical
University of Tajikistan, disabled house for mentally disabled elder people, National
Library and construction of other important buildings the required funding are
forecasted.
       During the medium term period with the purpose of keeping the internal and
external debts in balance and accordingly provide services based on them, there are
necessary funds are envisaged. Including, for payment of interest rates of the bills of
credit of State Treasurary to commercial banks with regard to compensation of
settlement of debts provided to cotton growing sector and for recapitalization of the
National Bank the amount of 90.4 million Somoni in 2011, 103.7 million Somoni in
2012, 120.4 million Somoni in 2103 are foreseen, where in the future years it is the
                                            24
additional commitment for the State Budget and it has the serious impact to changing of
its expenditure structure.
       At the same time, during the period of 2011- 2013 the stabilization fund is
foreseen with the purpose of provision of services to external debts, where during the
period of 2011- 2013 the State budget makes the expenditure of the amount of 110.0
million Somoni annually.
       Establishment of this fund is directed to, firstly to reduction of external debt of the
Republic of Tajikistan and implementation of the major aims of Strategy on state debt
management in the republic.
      §4. Budget Deficit and the sources of its funding in the medium- term period.
       Budget Deficit in the medium term period is developed on the basis of real
demands of economy sector and directed to fulfillment of priority requirements.
       At the same time it should be noted that in 2011 the budget deficit is estimated to
1.0% of GDP and during the period of 2012- 2013 the budget deficit is estimated to the
extent of 0.5% of GDP.
       During this period funding to budget deficit is foreseen from the anti- crisis fund
of Eurasia, producing of state treasurary bills of credit, privatization of state property
and the gold reserve state fund.
       During this period the ceiling level of the State Budget sectoral expenditures for
the period of 2011- 2013 in line with the requirements of “Medium Term Expenditure
Framework for the period of 2011- 2013 and State Budget Projects for 2011” will be
developed with consideration of recommendations of the main sectoral ministries.
        During this period in line with the Request of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan from December 30, 2009, under # 133-f and the Decision of the Permanent
Budget Commission under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan the Medium
Term Expenditure Framework for 2011 is set for “Education”, “Health”, “Social
Protection”, “Agriculture”, “Energy”, “Transport and Communication”, “Land Works”,
“Water Economy” and “Culture” sectors.




                   CHAPTER 4. SOCIAL SECTOR EXPENDITURES
       Social sector is one of the priority areas of the State Budget and the funding to this
sector is increasing annually through the State Budget.
                                             25
                                             2010             2011                2012                  2013
                                       Aprr.                             %                   %                 %
                                                 Estimate    Estimate            Estimate          Estimate
                                      budget
Social Sector, total:                  2 747,5     2 747,5     3429,9    25        4 159,5   21      5 079,1   22
                        in % to GDP      11,2         10,9        11,4       1        11,3              11,3
     including:
     - Budget                         2 447,1      2 447,1     3 021,9   23        3 683,1   22      4 459,2   21
                        In % to GDP      10,0          9,7        10,0                10,0              10,0
     including:
      - Wage Fund                       725,3        725,3      906,5    25        1 070,1   18      1 299,4   21
Main Expenditure                        266,6        266,6      276,4        4       273,5    -1       286,0       5
Public Investment Programme             133,8        133,8      182,6    36          140,4   -23       118,6   -16
Special Funds                           166,6        166,6      225,5    35          336,0   49        501,3   49


        Total number of funds foreseen for social sector amounts to 2747.5 million
Somoni in 2010 and it equals to 11.2% of GDP and makes 40.5% from the total amount
of State Budget expenditures.
        This indicator for the period of 2011- 2013 is 3429.9 million Somoni, 4159.5
million Somoni and 5079.1 million Somoni accordingly, and the annual average growth
during this period is estimated to 22.6%.
        § 1. Education sector
        1) Today’s Situation and the main difficulties of sector
       The right of citizens to education is guaranteed by the Constitution of the Republic
of Tajikistan (Article 41). The State provides free general basic compulsory education in
the state educational institutions.
        The person may also on competitive basis receive free secondary school, higher
education and professional higher education in the state educational institutions within
the framework of government curriculum.
      During the last years there are several state programmes, national plans and
projects were accepted by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan in education
sector and their implementation are planned for the next 5- 10 years. These documents
are directed to modernizing of education system, improvement of quality education and
preparation of trained staff, education process advancement, resolving gender issues,
achieve to aims of ТБЊ, MDG, PRSP, the Concept of transforming to the new general
secondary school education in the Republic of Tajikistan.
      The analysis of education sector in today’s situation shows that the main
difficulties of the sector consists of the lack of management system and its weakness
where consequently resulted to insufficiency and misuse of existing resources in the
sector, weak participation of private sectors in provision of education services, reducing
the quality of education connected to low salaries of teachers, lack and low capacity of
teachers, wear and tear and the lack of school infrastructure, lack of books and
educational materials on various subjects and weak community’s attraction to school
management.
      It should be noted that the World’s26financial- economic crisis had its negative
      impact to education sector. When the State Budget reduced in 2009, the education sector
      budget was cut by 31 million Somoni, where it equals to 0.3% of the total amount of
      approved budget. In 2010 the planned education sector budget amounts 1068.3 million
      Somoni and this number is 4% lesser in comparison to 2009. But, despite to the financial
      crisis the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan kept the social sector as the priority
      area, including education sector and in 2009 the salary of education sector staff
      increased to 15% and the year of 2010 is declared as the Year of Education and
      Technical Culture.
            Education system of the Republic of Tajikistan covers the pre- school education,
      general (primary, basic, secondary), primary professional, medium professional, higher
      professional, education after the higher educational institution and additional education.

                Descriptive statistical information on education sector is provided in Table 1.
                Table 1.      Detail information on situation in education sector
                                                                                                                                                                              Education year
                                       1991/1992                                                                               2006/2007                                                                                2007/2008                                                                               2009/2010
                                        Pupils/ students(Thous.persons)




                                                                                                                                Pupils/ students(Thous.persons)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pupils/ students(Thous.persons)




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pupils/ students(Thous.persons)
                  Number of entities




                                                                                                         Number of entities




                                                                                                                                                                                                  Number of entities




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           Number of entities
Level of
                                                                                       Pupil/ teacher




                                                                                                                                                                                Pupil/ teacher




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         Pupil/ teacher




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Pupil/ teacher
                                                                           Teachers




                                                                                                                                                                   Teachers




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Teachers




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Teachers
education




Pre- school       94                   145,
                                                                          10,7
                                                                                      11,5:
                                                                                                        485                    61.2                               3,8         13,2:1             485                    58,7                               3,2         15:1               487                    57,5                               4,5         13:1
education         5                     1                                               1
General           28                   1272
                                                                          97.4
                                                                                      12,9:
                                                                                                        3830                  1711.6                              99,9        17.3:1             3817                  1690,5                              96,1        17,5:1             3780                  1695,1                              94,2        18:1
Education         90                    .7                                              1
Primary
professional      76                   33.9                               2,7         12:1              72                     23.5                               2,0         12:1               67                     21,2                               1,1         19:1               66                     22,0                               1,2         18:1
education
Medium
                                                                                      10,3:
Professional      43                   40,7                               3,9
                                                                                        1
                                                                                                        48                     32.4                               2,9         11:1               52                     34,3                               3,2         10:1               50                     37,2                               3,6         10:1
Education
High
                                                                                      12,8:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     16.6:
Institutional     13                   69,3                               5,4
                                                                                        1
                                                                                                        28                    146.2                               8.9         16.4:1             35                    156,2                               7,9         19.7:1             37                    157,9                               9,5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1
Education


             а) Pre- school education
            Pre- school education is the first stage of education. The pre- school education
      institutions are responsible for development of all aspects related to small children and
      prepare these children for school. The local authorities of districts and cities play the
      major role to ensure the continuous functioning and development of pre- school
      institutions, as this is one of the main tasks of the sector.
            As the statistical data indicates, the27number of pre- school institutions for the
past of 11 years decreased to 77 units. Number of pre- school institutions were 562 in
1997 and this figure went down to 487 in 2010 (see the Table 2). The level of coverage
of children to pre- school education is low and only 7% of children in the country attend
the pre-school educational institutions. During the last years pre-school educational
institutions and establishment of various centers for development of children are
increasing.
      This year the implementation of the state programme of Early Child Development
for the period of 2006- 2010 comes to an end. Unfortunately, not all aims provided in
the programme have been achieved so far.
                                                                                 Table 2.
                            Statistical data on pre- school educational institutions.
             Indicators                  2005        2006       2007        2008         2009        2010
                                        (actual)    (actual)   (actual)    (actual)     (actual)   (planned)
Number of pre- school education
                                         486         485        482         485          485         487
institutions
Number of children, thousand
                                        61,91       61,23      60,85       61,82        58,7        58,1
children
Current state expenditures for pre-
school education (million Somoni)        9,73       13,70      19,02       18,90        25,24      24,25

Current state expenditures for pre-
school education in comparison to        0,14        0,15       0,15       0,13         0,12        0,12
GDP, %
Share of expenditures for pre-
school education in the State            0,74        0,85       0,82       0,60         0,41        0,35
Budget, %
Share of the current state
expenditure in General Budget of         3,97        4,35       4,21       3,20          2,4         2,1
education sector, %:
Main centralized expenditures            1,16        0,50       0,20       0.00         0.00        0.00

      In pre-school education sector in accordance to statistical data during the education
year of 2009- 2010 there are 4172 educators (including in pre-school entities of the
ministries and government offices) working, out of which 21.15% of them have the
higher institution educational degree, 50.13% of them have the medium professional
education, 7.51% of them have semi- higher education, and 17.19% of them have the
general school education.
      The share of state expenditures for pre- school education in 2009 is 2.4% out of
total expenditures of education sector and this figure equals to 2.1% for 2010. During
the medium term period the increase of expenditures to pre- school education is
considered to 0.5%.
      In 2009, first time in the period of independence the Pre- School Education
Standard was developed and approved. With support of United Nations Children’s Fund
and SOROS Foundation the Strategy on development of pre- school education in the
Republic of Tajikistan is in the process of28development. There are 28 educational
materials are developed and printed for educators. Centers for development of children
are established in districts and cities of the republic with the purpose of maximum
coverage of children to pre-school education institutions. The Concept of Inclusive
Education will be developed for pre- school education institutions.
      Simultaneously, there are list of difficulties in the pre- school education
institutions. Including:
       - Lack of pedagogical staff with specialized professions (Methodists,
psychologists, health workers and teaching the music);
       - Lack of coverage of children to pre-school education institutions;
       - The use of outdated programmes and facilities in the process of education in
pre-school education institutions;
       - Lack of specialists- Methodists of pre-school education in district and city
education departments;
       - Absence of quality periodic and scientific- methodological publications for pre-
school education staff, especially materials in state language;
       - Poor material and technical basis, educational and sports facilities, toys and
other educational means in operational pre- school educational institutions;
       - Most of the buildings of pre- school education institutions are in need of
restoration;
       - Incompetativeness of the salaries of pre-school education institutions staff.
      Resolving the above- mentioned issues provides the opportunity to achieve the
following indicators during the medium and long term period:
       - Increased level of education in pre- school educational institutions;
       - Improved condition for functioning of pre-school educational institutions;
       - Coverage of pre- school age to the pre- school education entities reaches to 13%;
       - Level of specialization of pre- school education teachers and educators increases;
       - The average salary of pre- school education staff to be at the same level with the
average salary in the republic.
       b) General school education
      Currently, in the Republic of Tajikistan nine year basic education is compulsory
and the general school education in school is 11 years with accordance to the Law of the
Republic of Tajikistan on “Education”. Based on the amendments made in given law
during this year the compulsory ten year education will be implemented in the Republic
of Tajikistan as of September 01, 2011.
      There are 3,773 general schools during the education year of 2009- 2010 and
number of teachers working in these schools are 92,248. Out of this number 61% of
teachers have the high professional education, 6% have semi- higher education degree,
26.5% have the medium professional education and 6.3% have general school education.
In accordance with the last statistical data there are shortages of 3,500 teachers in
general school education institutions in the country.
      Increase of the number of schoolchildren in the level of general school education
remains constant in the Republic of29Tajikistan (Table 3).
      As of September 01, 2011 the transition to 10 year compulsory education and
preparation to 12 year general school education is planned. In connection to this issue,
the Concept of transition to twelve year general education system is adopted by the
Government of the Republic of Tajikistan. This reform requires planning of additional
funding for 65,000 children with increase the number 10th grade schoolchildren as of
September 01, 2011. Also, the demand on additional number of teacher’s workload,
sitting place and number of school books should be taken into account.
                                                                               Table 3.
                     Statistical data on general school education institutions
                Indicators                  2005     2006            2007     2008      2009       2010
                                           actual   actual          actual   actual    actual    planned
   Number of institutions                  3761     3789            3801      3817     3830       3773
   Number of schoolchildren (thousand
                                           1663,5   1672,7          1690,6   1690,5   1710,796   1695,1
   persons)
   Current Budget Expenditures for
   general school education (million       189.52   226.29          336.86   439.90    640.10    771,57
   Somoni)
   Current budget expenditures for
                                            2.63     2.44            2.64     2.97      3.10      3,15
   general school education in % to GDP
   Share of current expenditures for
   general school education in State       14.37    13.97           14.51     14.08    10.47      11,4
   Budget in %:
   Share of current expenditures for
   general school education in education   77.23    71.81           74.63     74.37    81.32      85,6
   Sector Budget in %:
   Main centralized expenditures           18.53    30.89


     The share of general school education expenditures consisted 62.1% of total
Education sector budget in 2009, this figure is increased in 2010 to 1.9% and reached to
64.0%. During the medium term period based on implementation of ten year compulsory
education it is estimated that the share of expenditures increase to 0.3%. General school
education remains as the priority directions of the reform as it was in the past.
        Funding to general education institutions will be carried out through per capita
financing.
        It should be taken into account that during the medium term with consideration
of change of ceiling level of funding of the sector per capita financing does change, and
during 2011 the minimum amount of funding standards increase to 15% in comparison
to 2010, in 2012 it increases to 20% in comparison to 2011 and in 2013 it increases to
20% in comparison to 2012. (Table 4).


                                                                                  Table 4
The standards of funding to general school education institutions for the period of 2011-
                                         2013
Standards based on the type of school                        2010            2011       2012        2013




                                                       30
                                                             Approved      Projected     Estimation     Estimation
Primary School3
     Standard for one schoolchild (Somoni)                      380           437           524            629
     Standard for one school (Somoni)                          6 546         7 528         9 033          10 840
Basic school4
     Standard for one schoolchild (Somoni)                     304           350            420            503
     Standard for one school (Somoni)                         18 183        20 910         25 093         30 111
Secondary school5
     Standard for one schoolchild (Somoni)                     244           281            337            404
     Standard for one school (Somoni)                         45 159        51 933         62 319         74 783
      Also, the budget of general school education institutions with consideration of
special district coefficients will be planned (Table 5).
                                                                                                               Table 5
                                            Special district coefficient
             Oblast                            District                    Special district coefficient (DC)
            MBAO                              Murghob                                     1.9
            MBAO                             Roshtkala                                    1.5
            MBAO                             Ishkoshim                                    1.5
            MBAO                               Rushan                                    1.45
            MBAO                              Khorugh                                    1.45
            MBAO                             Shughnon                                    1.45
            MBAO                               Darvoz                                    1.35
            MBAO                                Vanj                                     1.35
            Khatlon                            Norak                                      1.4
            Khatlon                          Shuroobod                                    1.2
            Soughd                              Aini                                      1.2
             DRD                              Roghun                                      1.2

      The main difficulties of general school education are listed as follows:
        - Lack of qualified teaching specialists;
        - Low salary of teachers;
        - Lack of staff and the low professional level of staff;
        - Educational condition does not meet the requirements, lack of educational
facilities;
        - Low level of preparation of children in pre- school education institutions.
        Resolving the above- mentioned issues of general education sector provides the
opportunity to achieve the following indicators:
        - Transition to compulsory 10 years of education starting from September 01,
2011;
        - Improvement of educational conditions in general school education and
specialized schools;
        - Increase the quality of education in general school education;
        - Increase the level of coverage to school, especially in rural areas;

3
  Primary school: grades 1-4 for 2010-2013.
4
  Basic school: grades 1-9 for 2010 and grades 1-10 starting from 2011.
                                                              31
5
  Secondary school: 1-11 in 2010-2013.
       - Increase the sitting place in schools;
       - Increase the level of specialization of general school education and specialized
school staff;
       - The average salary of teachers to be at the same level with the average salary in
the republic.
      c) Primary professional education
       Primary professional education is functioning on the basis the following
documents: State Standards for primary professional education (November 2002), Law
of the Republic of Tajikistan on Primary professional education (March 2003), State
Concept on the reform of primary professional education system (October 2004),
National Plan of Action on the functioning of the reform of primary professional
education system and education in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 2006-
2015 (June 2006), the Concept of transition to the new system of general school
education in the Republic of Tajikistan.
       In accordance with the State Concept on the reform of primary professional
education system the main purpose of the reform of this type of education is to establish
and providing more sustainable optimal and rational mechanisms for preparation of
qualified specialists relevant to the structure and the importance of labor market
requirements.
       Vocational Schools and Lyceums provide the professional education for youth
finished the basic education of secondary school education. In primary professional
education institutions the education is provided with the support of the State Budget and
also with support of special funds. In these educational institutions students receive one
time free meal and students in specialized Vocational Schools and orphans are provided
with three time free meal and clothing. Based on the labor market demand the new
specializations are established in Vocational schools.
                                                                                                     Table 6.
                                              2005     2006     2007     2008     2009     2010
  Indicators
                                              actual   actual   actual   actual   actual   planned
  Number of primary professional
                                              71       71       68       68       66       66
  educational institutions
  Number of students (thousand)               25,0     23,5     20,9     21,2     22,6     22,2
  Number of teachers                                   967      1221     1225     1400     1210
  Number of class masters                              1308     1369     1369     1300     1077
  Current public expenditure for primary
                                              7.08     9.31     10.74    12.70    17.90    17,96
  professional education (million Somoni)
  Current public expenditures for primary
                                              0.10%    0.10%    0.08%    0.09%    0.09%    0.073%
  professional education, in % from GDP
  Share of current expenditures for primary
  professional education in the State         0.54%    0.57%    0.46%    0.41%    0.29%    0.27%
  Budget, %:
  Share of current expenditures for primary
  professional education from Education       2.89%    2.95%    2.38%    2.15%    2.27%    2,0%
  sector budget, %:
  Main centralized expenditures
      There are 66 primary professional educational institutions in the republic in 2010,
where 22,028 students are studying in these institutions (see the Table 4). The ratio
between the student and teacher+ class master is 1:10 in these institutions.
      During the period of 2008- 2009 the issue of different amount of salaries
received by teachers and class masters was32rectified. At the moment the State Standard
on primary professional education is developed based on the new requirements and is in
the process of consideration.
       In 2009 the amount of 17.5 million Somoni provided for the operationalization of
primary professional education institutions, which is 1.9% of the total amount from the
sector’s expenditure budget. In 2010 for the same purpose the amount of 18.2 million
Somoni is planned and this amount is 1.7% of the sector’s expenditure budget. The
decrease of sector’s expenditure generally connected to decrease in number of
institutions and implementing the new plan for payment of salaries for the staff of this
sector. In the medium term plan it is envisaged that funding for expenditures of this
sector, especially from investment programmes will be increased.
       In primary professional educational institutions it is observed that there is a
serious lack on class masters who provide the vocational skills and the qualification of
teachers is low in connection with the competitiveness of the salary, the specializations
in the vocational school does not meet the requirements of labor market and there is a
lack of materials and educational facilities in institutions. Attracting the employers in
the process of identification of the list of specializations and other specialization
requirements is very weak. There is no mechanism of attracting of private sectors for
organization of vocational education and preparation of specialists.
       There is no improvement in re- training and re- qualification system for class
master for vocational skills and teachers in institutions. No funding is provided for re-
training and re-qualification of knowledge and skills of teachers and class masters by
educational institutions.
       The above- mentioned issues results to the lack and low qualification of teachers
and class masters, educational and methodological literatures, irrelevance of
specializations to labor market demands.
       Implementation of planned strategies within the framework of medium term
period brings the following results:
       - improve the efficiency of primary professional education system through
enhancing de-centralization, strengthen personal and institutional capacity of the sector;
       - Provide quality education;
       - Improvement of infrastructure and material- technical base of primary
professional education system.
       d) Medium professional education
       The considerable change carried out during the past 18 years of country’s
independence in medium professional education of the Republic of Tajikistan. In
comparison to education year of 1991- 1992 the number of medium profession
educational institutions increased to 10 and number of students studying in these
institutions increased by 15 thousand. Majority of technical schools, and vocational
schools transformed to colleges- to the first stage of higher professional education.
       Presently in Tajikistan there are 50 medium professional education institutions (27
colleges, 3 technical schools and 20 vocational schools) are functioning, where they
apply the medium professional education33and vocational education (see the Table 5).
Total number of students in the medium professional educational institutions is 37
thousand. The process of education is implemented with the support of 3.5 thousand of
teacher personnel and partial time teachers.
      Share of medium professional education expenditures in 2010 is planned in the
level of 2.4% of total sector expenditure, which is 0.4% more in comparison to 2009.
This increase amounts 4.4 million Somoni and basically connected to increase in
number of institutions and applying the new system of salary as of September 01, 2009.
                                                                                                 Table 7.
                                             2005      2006        2007      2008      2009      2010
  Indicators
                                             actual    actual      actual    actual    actual    planned
  Number of medium professional
                                                54          48        49        50        53       50
  institutions
  Number of students (thousands)               31,8         32,4      34       34.3      36,6      37,0
  Current public expenditure for medium                                                            25,0
                                               7.52      11.28       12.00     14.50     21.20
  professional education ( million Somoni)
  Current public expenditure for medium                                                           0,10%
                                               0.10%     0.12%       0.09%     0.10%     0.10%
  professional education, % to GDP
  Share of current expenditures for medium                                                        0,37%
  professional education in the State          0.57%     0.70%       0.52%     0.46%     0.35%
  Budget, in % :
  Share of current expenditures for medium                                                        2,74%
  professional education from the              3.06%     3.58%       2.66%     2.45%     2.69%
  Education budget sector, %:
  Main centralized expenditures                                      0.60      26.00     35.50

        Currently, with the purpose of raising the status of medium professional
educational institutions the draft of the Decree of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan on changing “technical schools” and “vocational schools” to “colleges” is
submitted to concerned ministries and government offices.
     With the purpose of improvement of management system of these institutions the
work of Board of directors of medium professional educational institutions are activated.
In 2009 the new plan of salaries for medium professional educational institutions staff
was put into action, where based on this the nominal volume of salaries of the staff in
this sector is increased by 2 times.
        At present the medium professional educational system in the republic is working
with outdated material and technological basis, the content of education is not relevant
in comparison to the market demand and the capacity of personnel working in these
institutions are low. Education system management and generally the work of
institutions are in need of reform. Institutions require educational materials and modern
educational books, especially in Tajik language.
      With the purpose of achieving to strategic goals of the sector and with
consideration of the present situation of medium professional educational institutions the
following main priority directions are identified:
      - Provision of scientific, methodological and educational learning;
      - Provision of material- technical and educational- production base;
      - Provision of personnel;
                                                       34
      - Provision of quality education;
      - Development of International Cooperation;
      - Development of Performance Appraisal System for management and teachers;
      - Renew the teaching staff and attract the young specialists to work;
      - Taking the measures on improvement of material and social provision for teachers
in institutions;
      Resolving the existing issues in the medium term period provides the following
results:
      - Increase the effectiveness of medium professional education sector;
      - Provide the quality education;
      - Improvement of the structure and material- technical base for medium
professional educational institutions.
          e) High professional education
        High professional educational institutions in the Republic of Tajikistan function
on the basis of the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan on “Education”, the Law of the
Republic of Tajikistan on “High professional education and post high professional
education”, the National Education Concept of the Republic of Tajikistan, State
Standards on high professional education in the Republic of Tajikistan, the Concept on
professional education development and other legal- normative acts.
       In high professional education system of the Republic of Tajikistan there are 34
high educational institutions, including 13 universities, 14 institutions, Academy of the
Interior Ministry of the Republic of Tajikistan, National Conservatory of the Republic of
Tajikistan, High School of Committee on Security of the Republic of Tajikistan and 4
branches, where altogether there are 157,897 students are covered in these institutions.
Total number of teachers during 2009- 2010 education year was 9544, where 4.1% (397
persons) of them are Professors, more than 4,7% (451 persons) are Doctor of Science
and 19.3% (1843 persons) of them are the Candidates of Science.
                                                                                  Table 8
                  Indicators                         2005     2006     2007    2008    2009    2010

Number of high profession educational institutions    36          36    35      35      35      34
Number of students (thousand persons)                132,4    146.2    154,3   155,9   167,7   157,89

Current public expenditure for high professional
education (million Somoni)
                                                     13,90    20,74    32,93   65,30   54,60    84,4

Current public expenditure for high professional
education, in % to GDP
                                                     0,19     0,22     0,26    0,44    0,26     0,30

Share of current expenditure from the State
Budget, in %
                                                     1.05     1.28     1.42    2,09    0,89     1,24




                                                             35
Share of current expenditures for high professional
education from Education sector budget, % :
                                                      5,66   6,58    7,30    11,04   6,94   9,34

Main centralized expenditures                         4,10   10,61   32,94   0,00    0,00
      Share of total expenditure of high professional educational institutions is 16.7% of
the total education sector budget in 2010 and this number is 3.1% more than the
indicators as of 2009.
      Despite the increase in funding of the budget the quality of preparation of
specialists does not meet the requirements. Therefore, with the purpose of integrating the
capacity of existing high professional educational institutions on the basis of four
branches in Soughd Oblast there will be two Institutes established in 2010 (Economy
and Trade Institute within the structure of Commerce University of Tajikistan and
Polytechnic Institute within the structure of Technical University of Tajikistan named
after M.S. Osimi).
      At the moment the work is going on for transition into three stage education model:
bachelor- specialist- magistrate. In addition to this, more attention is paid to conform the
specializations to the labor markets demands and development of credit system in
education.
      Development of high professional education created the necessity of interrelation
of high school institutes to production sectors. In connection to this the Law of the
Republic of Tajikistan is adopted on “Industrial parks” in 2010. It is envisaged that
during the medium term period within 60% of high professional educational institutions
establish various types of industrial parks. The main sources of funding of this activity
are non- budgetary funds of the institutions.
      The main difficulties in high professional education sector are as follows:
      - Lack of honored teachers and the low level of specialized teachers;
      - Divergence of professional level of graduates of high professional education
institutions with market economy demands;
      - Lack of effective economic support and appropriate organization of education
process;
      - Absence of the effective system for attracting qualified specialists and youth for
promoting of teaching activities;
      For the purpose of improvement for quality of professional education and its equal
access to all citizens there is a necessity to put into action the institutional basis for high
professional institutions with consideration of labor market.
      Resolving the listed issues in the medium term period provides the opportunity for
high professional education to reach to the following achievements:
        - Within the high professional education sector the appropriate condition will be
created to ensure that Tajikistan joins Bologna framework;
        - As the result of increase to professional requirements with qualified specialists
and provision of material and technical base of high professional educational institutions
the network of high educational civic institutions and their branches in locations
will be established;                           36
         - Annually up to 50 list of educational books, educational methodological
facilities and educational methodological compilations are develop for medium and high
professional institutions (almost 90% of these materials are developed in state language),
more than 300 list of foreign educational literatures, including on the basis of the new
programme subjects of bachelor degree, master’s degree and specialist programmes, are
procured. Educational books linked to priority specializations, firstly to natural
sciences, technical, technological, medicine, agriculture, veterinary and pedagogic
specializations;
        - high professional education and post- diploma education curriculum to be
renewed, the fundamental knowledge, innovative skills of students, high level of
knowledge to the subjects by students to be ensured;
        - the basis for development of single informational environment for professional
education will be created.
        f) Post- graduate professional education
     Based on the statistical data total number of post- graduate are 843 during the
education year of 2009- 2010. Out of 271 post- graduate students in 2009 only 84 of
them defended their work, out of 21 post- doctoral students 9 graduated and 4 of them
received doctoral scientific degrees. These indicators show the low results of
effectiveness of preparation system of scientific personnel. During several decades the
method and forms of education remains unchanged. Professional post- graduate
education programmes do not provide the full capacity of quality management of
preparation of scientific- pedagogic personnel. The responsibility of Scientific Advisers
to the results of the works of post- graduate and post- doctoral students is weak.
Irrelevance of the content of education and the situation of science in today’s condition
does not allow the full transition of preparation of specialist to specialist- researcher,
where this situation provides the ground for scientific workers to accept the new
scientific idea in innovative way and to apply the new technology accordingly.
      Resolving the listed issues in the medium term period provides the opportunity for
post- graduate professional education to reach to the following achievements:
      - Transition of period to post- graduate period and post- doctoral to PhD and three-
stage of preparation of personnel (bachelor degree- master’s degree- post- doctoral) to
be implemented;
      - Annually, based on the state request for the new curriculum for master’s degree to
get admission for 2000 students and to post- doctoral Ph.D to get admission for 100
students;
      - On the basis of 5 high professional institutions in cooperation with advance
International Universities to establish the center for preparation of PhD degree.
       g) Re- qualification, re- training and increase the level of specializations of
education sector staff
         In 2009 Republican Re-Training of Teachers’ Institute carried out 158 re-
training courses for 3422 education sector staff. Also, there are 12 courses for 223
school directors, 14 courses for 225 deputy37directors and 122 targeted seminars for
2974 teachers of various subjects carried out in the Institute. The major issues of this
sector is shortage of funding, where this problem become the obstacle to cover all
teachers to be re- trained and the scientific- methodological basis of Institute and centers
for re- training courses to be provided with educational and specialized literature. The
rate of salary of staff is low where it creates the barriers for young qualified specialists
to be attracted to the Institute.
      Funding of re-training courses in 2009 made up only 0.1% of total amount of the
sector budget. In 2010 this indicator remains unchanged. During the medium term
period improvement of funding to these courses are taken into consideration.
      The main setback of the section is the absence of funding for the staff of the
Institute working in the city and oblast levels to get re-trained abroad, lack of motivation
by teachers connected to the outcomes of these courses, and failure of implementation of
the new technology of education as required.
      Resolving the above- mentioned issues in the medium term period provides the
opportunity for re-training and re-qualification of teachers to obtain the following
achievements:
      - Increase the coverage of education sector staff by re-training and re- qualification
courses;
      - Implement the new pedagogical, informational and practical- educational
technology;
      - Increase the quality learning process in educational institutions.
       h) Goals and main tasks of the sector, strategic solutions for the period of 2011-
2013
        Based on PRSP aims, priorities of NDS, National Programme for Education
Development in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 201- 2015, the Concept of
transition to the new general school education system in the Republic of Tajikistan and
with consideration of issues stated for education sector, the strategies within the sector
consisted of the following tasks:
      - Keeping the improvement of funding to the sector in comparison to GDP;
      - Improve the education sector management system;
      - Increase the effectiveness of the use of existing resources;
      - Improve the methodological supplies and staff of the education sector;
      - Improve the access to education for socially vulnerable children;
      - Improve of material and technical supply part of the sector.

      i) Strategic development directions
      Ministry of Education with the purpose of accessing to the goals provided in
National Strategy for Education Development and the Concept of transition to the new
general school education system in the Republic of Tajikistan implements the following
strategies:
      2) Aim and major tasks (Aim 1. Improve the management system for provision of
education services)                       38
        а) Strengthen the organization structure and the process of adoption of decrees by
the Ministry of Education and regional management structures with the purpose of
avoiding of duplication and inappropriateness.
      b) Improve the distribution efficiency and management of financial resources.
      c) Establishment of common financial management information system.
      d) Focus the main attention for equal distribution of resources among various strata
of population, educational institutions and districts.
      e) With the purpose of improvement of quality education at all levels and
preparation of trained staff to the modern labor market and their contribution for
development of society in Tajikistan to activate the financial resources and investments
to strategic programmes.
      f) Establishment of Management Information System in the Ministry of Education
(The Concept of management information system in education sector).
      3) Aim 2. Increase education sector efficiency through enhancing centralization and
strengthen the individual and institutional capacities
        а) Development of the programme on strengthening the staff capacities in the
Ministry of Education and the regional management structures.
        b) Development of programme on strengthening of staff capacities of school
directors.
        c) Establishment of quality education monitoring system and learning
achievements through information system with involvement of community.
        4) Aim 3. Ensure the level of education at all levels in accordance with the world
movement aims of “Education for All” and Millennium Development Goals
        а) Renew the content of state standards, curriculum, school books, educational-
methodological materials.
        b) Ensure the training, re- qualification and raising pedagogic specialization and
other education sector staff in accordance with the new requirements (State progamme
on training of teachers for the period of 2005- 2010, as of November 01, 2004, under
#425 (the draft of new progarmme is developed), State programme on learning of
Roman and English Languages for the period of 2004- 2014, as of December 02, 2003,
under # 508);.
        c) Application of new technology in education process.
        d) Implementation of quality assessment monitoring and achievements in
education.
        5) Aim 4. Ensure the equal access to basic education and other stages of education
on competitive basis (PRSP).
        а) In line with the Poverty Reduction Strategy in the Republic of Tajikistan for
period of 2010- 2012 to support children who have limited access to education.
       b) Ensure gender parity in education system.
       c) Provide the environment for equal access to education, especially in the rural
areas.
                                           39
       6) Aim 5. Improve the infrastructure and material technical base in education
sector
      (State programme on construction, restoration and renovation of schools located in
private houses, wagon house, administrative and community buildings, for period of
2008- 2015, as of August 27, 2008, under # 436).
       а) Implementation of the monitoring of infrastructure and material- technical base
situation with consideration of each region.
       b) Improve the infrastructure and material- technical base for educational
institutions connected to the increase of population in the regions.
       c) Create the suitable environment for education, provide the safe electricity,
heating, drinking water and sanitary- hygiene services for children to be healthy.
        7) Medium term and current priorities of education sector.
       Education is the priority sector for social- economic development in the republic
and the maximum value of sector expenditure for satisfying its priority needs in 2011
estimated to 1381.6 million Somoni. Funding for education sector through State budget
is increasing each year, in 2012 the amount of 1707.1 million Somoni and in 2013
2095.7 million Somoni is estimated, where this figure equals to 4.7% of total GDP.
       Education Sector Budget should be developed with consideration of internal
sectoral priorities. Major attention will be paid to sectoral priorities.
       In Table 9 the priorities of sector development in three fiscal years 2011- 2013
and in addition to that for 2011 (Table 10) are provided. Priorities within the framework
of the maximum value planned expenditures, their sequence (from 1 to 5) based on their
degree of importance are identified (it means that the priority one is the most important).
Table 9. Medium term priorities for education sector for period of 2011- 2013.
                    Transition to ten year compulsory education. (Concept of transition to the new
                    general school education system in the Republic of Tajikistan). The main purpose
                    of this issue is to provide the suitable environment for entry to International
    Priority 1      Education Atmosphere and enhancing the coverage of girls and boys to education
                    in higher grades.
                    Preparation of groundwork for transition to 12 years education (preparation of
                    specialists, development of new curriculum, printing school books, etc.)
                    To bring the salary of teachers of general school education to the same level with
    Priority 2
                    the average salary in the republic.
                    Completely finish the construction of schools instead of the schools located in
                    wagons or private or public buildings. Step by step implementing the State
    Priority 3      Programme on construction, maintenance, restoration and removal of the
                    premises of general school education institutions of the republic from private
                    houses, wagons, administrative and public buildings for the period of 2008- 2015.


                                                  40
                   Complete the process of school computerization (indicator of computer/
    Priority 4
                   Schoolchild is 1:15).
    Priority 5     Increase the funding for medium professional educational institutions.

 Table 10. Priorities for education sector for 2011.
                    Transition to ten year compulsory education. (Concept of transition to the new
                    general school education system in the Republic of Tajikistan). The main
                    purpose of this issue is to provide the suitable environment for entry to
                    International Education Atmosphere and enhancing the coverage of girls and
    Priority 1
                    boys to education in higher grades. In the process of transition to ten years
                    compulsory education, number of schoolchildren passing to 10th grade reaches
                    approximately to 63,000 children with consideration that 100% of grade 9
                    schoolchildren pass to grade 10th.
                  Development of pre- school education. The main purpose is to widen the
                  coverage of pre- school age children for educational activities in the pre- school
    Priority 2
                  education institutions. During the medium term the coverage indicator will be
                  increased to 15%.
                  Establishing industrial parks in high professional educational institutions.
                  The purpose consists of strengthening the theoretical knowledge and the use of
    Priority 3
                  scientific achievements in the production. During the medium term period 60%
                  of high professional educational institutions establish the industrial parks.
       8) Analysis of expenditure and funding indicators.
        In connection with mentioned priorities, education sector budget project is
calculated based on the maximum limit put forward by the Ministry of Finance of the
Republic of Tajikistan (Table 11). During preparation of this project the following
conditions were taken into consideration:
       - planning of transition to ten year compulsory education with consideration of
number of schoolchildren who pass to 10th grade from 9th grade of education. For this
purpose the additional expenses for the period of four months (September- December)
and starting from 2012 there is a need to have the additional annual expenditures
calculated for increased number of schoolchildren;
       - With the purpose of increase the coverage of children to pre- school educational
institutions the full existing capacities (pre- school educational institutions) should be
used, also the increase (construction) of number of pre- school educational institutions to
be taken into consideration. Additional source of funding to be involved;
       - For the main Distributors of state budget funds during preparation of the budget
for the high professional educational institutions establishment of the industrial parks to
be taken under the consideration (including from special funds of institutions);
       - For the period of 2011- 2012 funding for medium professional educational
institutions to be increased on the account of re- distribution of sub-sectoral limits
(Primary education and high professional41education);
        - For the purpose of identification of the base level for wage fund the sectoral
  reform, the new plan for salaries with consideration of regulating the difference between
  the positions and starting from October 01, 2010 the increase of the salaries to the extent
  of 15% to be taken under consideration. Increase of salaries for 2012 and 2013 to be
  considered to extend of 20% annually;
        - Payment for communal services to be calculated on the basis the expenditures
  approved by the decrees of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan;
        - Other budget line estimations will be calculated within the framework of funds
  for 2010 with consideration of the level of devaluation (9% for 2011, 7.5% for 2012 and
  6.5% for 2013).
                                                                                                            Table 11.
4               EDUCATION
General indicators
                                                           2010             2011           2012          2013

Inflation                                                  9,0%            9,0%            7,5%          6,5%

Gross Domestic Product (million Somoni)                    24 500          30 180         36 650        44 790

GDP increase                                               18,8%           19,3%          21,4%         22,2%

State Budget                                              6 781,5          8025,0         9 536,0       10 6624

Maximum level of education sector expenditures            1 068,3         1 376,1         1 702,1       2 092,6

Education sector budget % in comparison to GDP             4,4%            4,6%            4,7%          4,7%

  Education sector budget in % from total value of the
                                                           15,7%           17,0%          18,1%         19,6%
                     State Budget

Nominal Growth of education sector budget                  13,4%           29,0%           24%          23,0%




                   Education Sector Expenditures in connection with sectoral programmes             (thousand
                                                       Somoni)

                                                         2010            2011              2012         2013




                                                                42
     Policy development, legal and regulating
14                                                       9 357,0         13 168,0      17 509,0      23 604,0
     standards

15   Pre- school education                              21 951,0         27 174,0      32 898,0      39 471,0


16   General school education                          574 587,0        704 040,0     865 715,0     1 037 383,0


17   General special education                          13 019,0         15 649,0      19 320,0      23 495,0


18   Out of school education                             542,0            728,0         950,0         1 251,0


19   Primary professional education                     19 385,0         24 680,0      30 943,0      39 049,0


20   Medium professional education                      22 022,0         28 313,0      35 168,0      44 342,0


21   High professional education                       162 742,0        241 583,0     339 775,0     482 569,0


22   Support to professional education for girls         597,0            674,0         815,0         956,0


23   Scientific work                                     615,0            788,0         1 039,0       1 363,0


     Re- training and motivation of education sector
24                                                       8 190,0         10 092,0      12 205,0      14 785,0
     staff


     Development of teaching materials and teaching
25                                                      19 135,0         26 233,0      36 142,0      50 115,0
     methodologies for class


26   Support activity in education                      11 407,0         11 604,0      14 534,0      16 856,0


27   Development and reform in education sector        204 792,0        276 884,0     300 051,0     320 468,0


                         TOTAL:                        1 068 341,0      1 381 610,0   1 707 064,0   2 095 707,0




                                                                   43
                                                             Education Sector Budget for the period of 2011- 2013
                                                                                                                                                                                         (Somoni)

                                                                               2011/                                         2012/
                          2010 without       2010 with        2011 without             2011 with special    2012 without             2012 with special   2013 without      2013/2012     2013 with
                                                                               2010                                          2011
                          special fund      special fund      special fund                  fund            special fund                  fund           special fund         (%)       special fund
                                                                                (%)                                           (%)


 1000. Salary and
                                                                               31,00                                         20,00
employer’s share on        593 625 900,0    666 822 228,0     777 649 929,0
                                                                                %
                                                                                          900 619 760,0     933 179 914,8
                                                                                                                              %
                                                                                                                                      1 117 634 661,4    1 138 479 496,1     22,00%    1 415 161 615,9
Social tax

 2000. Expenses for                                                            20,47                                         16,90
                           311 632 420,0    361 430 373,0     375 422 529,0               459 083 090,1     438 881 049,0               564 371 890,6     478 977 739,0       9,14%     667 214 001,3
goods and services                                                              %                                             %


3000. Expenses for
                                     0,0        109 075,0                0,0                   183 246,0               0,0                  274 869,0                0,0                    412 303,5
payment of interests

 4000. Subsidies and                                                           27,00                                         20,00
                            16 258 790,0     17 558 175,0      20 648 663,3                 22 831 630,1     24 778 396,0                28 052 846,2      30 229 643,1      22,00%      35 141 318,4
other current transfers                                                         %                                             %


 5000. Procurement of                                                                                                        11,08
                           143 120 297,0    154 749 793,0     152 265 797,0    6,39%      171 803 350,3     169 139 737,6               198 446 067,6     195 643 426,4      15,67%     239 602 921,2
capital goods                                                                                                                 %


8000. Provision of loan                                                        33,33
                             1 500 000,0       1 500 000,0       2 000 000,0                 2 000 000,0       2 000 000,0   0,00%         2 000 000,0       2 000 000,0      0,00%        2 000 000,0
without paid amount                                                             %


10 year compulsory                                               6 000 000,0                 6 000 000,0     21 000 000,0                21 000 000,0      21 000 000,0                  21 000 000,0
education


        Total:                             1 068 340 964,0   1 178 483 351,3             1 376 109 748,9   1 402 374 817,0            1 707 064 413,4    1 638 673 082,4               2 095 707 477,0
      § 2. Health Sector
       1) The main objectives and tasks of the sector and the major strategic decrees
for the period of 2011- 2013.
       Health sector priorities are re- developed based on two documents interrelated
to this sector. Poverty Reduction Strategy for the period 2010- 2012 and National
Health Strategy for the last 10 years, which is developed at the level of the Ministry
of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan. These strategic documents at the same level
with National Development Strategy have the power to prepare the priority
framework for health sector in the medium term period.
       In Poverty Reduction Strategy for the period of 2010- 2012 the following
major priorities are identified for health sector:
      - increase the efficiency of management and funding system;
      - enhance the role of private sector for rendering of medical services;
      - improve the mother and child health;
      - strive against HIV, malaria, tuberculosis and other infectious diseases;
      - improve re- training of medical staff and material- technical base for health
sector establishments.
       National Health Strategy Paper of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of
2010- 2020 (currently this document is in the Ministry of Health for final editing) sets
the following priorities for health sector development for the period of up to 2020:
       - changes in the health system (advancement of health management).
Strengthen emerged system and new integration with renovation of operational and
informational management of health sector, which is effective, socially acceptable,
sustainably functioning, transparent and accountable.
       - improve the accessibility, efficiency of medical and sanitary services,
including through private sector development, increase the efficiency of PHCS,
widely apply the family medicine, strengthen the reproductive capacity, community
health development, involvement of population in the process of improvement of
health and social cooperation development;
       - development of health resources mostly directed to human capacities, realize
the scientific achievements and modern technologies, development of the supply of
medicines and their use, make the appropriate changes to material and technical base
for medical establishments, apply the fair and equal financing, state guarantee system
directed to social protection.
       During preparation of the State Budget the social priority directions of the
sector should be considered on the basis of National Development Strategy of
Tajikistan up to 2015, Poverty Reduction Strategy for the period of 2010- 2012 and
State targeted programme for health sector development. Also, the order and the
instructions of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan derived from the Message
of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan to the Majlisi Oli of the Republic of
Tajikistan, decrees and appeals of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
should be taken into consideration.
       2) Objectives and tasks (Per capita (standard) financing in the Primary Health
Care Services establishments (PHCS))
       Since 2005 applying per capita financing for PHCS establishments is
implemented through piloting in the country. At the beginning stage per capita
financing only consisted of variable expenses. In 2007 per capita financing in PHCS
establishments was advanced and put in the system in 8 cities and districts through
approval of the joint Order of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan and
the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Tajikistan. In 2009 the Ministry of Health
of the Republic of Tajikistan and the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of
Tajikistan approved the new Order on per capita financing for PHCS establishments,
where based on this document in 2009 the new system of payment is applied in all
cities and districts of Khatlon and Soughd Oblasts, 4 districts of Direct Rule Districts
region and one district in Mountainous Badkhshan Autonomous Oblast starting from
April 01, 2009.
       Based on the Order of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on
“Enhancing per capita financing programme in PHCS establishments” per capita
financing programme will be spread in the republican level starting from the second
half of 2010, in Shahrinav district, as the pilot district, per capita financing will be
included covering all budget lines for expenses.
       In line with Attachment 3 the draft of this Order identifies the following
number of coefficients for standard financing to medical and sanitary first aid for
certain groups of population in the republic:
       - Population up to 5 years old (4 years and 11 months and 29 days)- 2.1802
       - women of reproductive age from 15 to 49 years old (48 years and 11 months
and 29 days) - 1.5421
       - population of more than 60 years old – 0.9595
       - the rest of the population (not included in above- mentioned groups) -
0.5233
       3) State Guarantee Benefit Package (SGBP)
       The task of collection of funds, putting the funds together and purchasing of
services are the products that the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and the
Ministry of Health of the Republic of Tajikistan are utilizing for ensuring the
medical services to population within the framework of the State Guarantee Benefit
Package. Since 2004 Ministry of Health developed the State Guarantee Benefit
Package and constantly working to advance it. The structure of State Guarantee
Benefit Package consisted of seven parts and identifies the forms of provision of
medical services: emergency and urgent medical aid, PHCS, specialized ambulatory
service, medicines at PHCS level, hospital services, dentists’ service and sanitary
and hygiene service.
       State Guarantee Benefit Package identifies the list of guaranteed free medical
services, also the list of additional services where patients make partial and full
payment for services rendered. The set of guaranteed services consist of the basic
services, where at the level of PHCS they are provided freely through rendering the
prevention services. At the hospital level of hospital service provision level the
official co-payment changing plan is used. In 2009 the co-payment is provided in
accordance with 10 approved groups on average cost of treated illness for provision
                                          46
of services at hospital level. The privileged groups based on their social status and
the approved lists have the right to receive the certain amount of medicines
connected to their illness. The State Guarantee Benefit Package also covers the
increase of mechanisms for effective distribution of resources.
       The State Guarantee Benefit Package strengthens the initial applications to
PHCS establishments, ensures the referral document from family medicine doctor to
be provided to patient and ensures the right to have the services at lowest cost.
       The Decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan as of February 12,
2010, under # 52, on “Approval of the State Guarantee Benefit Package on provision
of health care services for population of pilot districts in the Republic of Tajikistan
for the period of 2010- 2011” is in the process of implementation in pilot cities of
Sarband, Norak and Tursunzoda, the districts of Danghara, Spetamen, Rasht,
Shahrinav and Varzob. In connection to this Decree the Ministry of Health of the
Republic of Tajikistan jointly with the Ministry of Economic Development of the
Republic of Tajikistan identifies and approves the single price- list of the type and
volume of health services to the population in the state health establishments of pilot
districts in the republic and developed and approved the “Instruction and the rule on
implementation of State guarantee programme on provision of health care services
for population of pilot districts in the Republic of Tajikistan for the period of 2010-
2011”. This instruction will be sent to all pilot districts and in connection to inclusion
of the State Guarantee Benefit Package the education periods will be organized based
on the new decree.
       The programme identifies the group of population and patients as the
privileged group for receiving free health care services in consideration with
conditions set in the Benefit Package. The implementation of the programme should
be started as of February 01, 2010 by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of
Tajikistan jointly with the Ministry of Ministry of Finance of the Republic of
Tajikistan, regional authorities of Khatlon and Soughd Oblasts, district and city
authorities of Rasht, Shahrinav, Varzob and Tursunzoda with involvement of
development partners, also funding for implementation of the programme to be
ensured in 6 above- mentioned pilot districts. The Ministry of Health of the Republic
of Tajikistan is in charge of regulating of the programme and the proposal for
technical support.
       4) Salary reform
       Instruction on payment of salaries for health sector staff in compliance with
Ministry of Finance, Economic Development and Trade, Trade Unions of health
sector staff in Tajikistan is approved by the Order of the Ministry of Health of the
Republic of Tajikistan as of July 08, 2009, under #10-f. This instruction is used for
identifying the salary of health workers of state establishments in the Republic of
Tajikistan. The state health establishments are considered those treatment and
preventive, pharmaceutical and other establishments that are included in the “Roster
of Health Establishments in the Republic of Tajikistan” approved by the Ministry of
Health of the Republic of Tajikistan.

                                           47
       The single principle of payment for state establishments’ health workers is
indicated in the Instruction, which is considered in state funding, on the basis of the
single tariff schedule and the order of setting the job salary, motivation of the staff
within the framework of existing legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan. Payment of
staff salaries is made based on the equal distribution of working hours indicated in
single tariff schedule on the job salary or based on the output of the volume of the
work accomplished.
       Payment of staff salaries based on the single tariff schedule is implemented on
the basis of the occupied jobs indicated in labor legislation and current Instruction.
Salary, job salary of occupied position through tariff schedule is calculated on the
basis of multiplying tariffs ‘coefficient to the least salary rate with the single tariff
schedule, which is set by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
       During calculation of the salaries of the staff of government establishments the
job salary, salary coefficient, the amount of job salary for first category with the
single tariff schedule, to the amount of least salary payment is considered the
government guarantee. Payment of the salary from the least salary rate, which is set
by the government should not be lesser amount and is not limited to maximum
amount.
2.1. Medium term and current priorities of the sector.
       In accordance with budget calendar plan for the process of budgeting in period
of 2011- 2013 and to identify the ceiling budget for the sector, the Government of the
Republic of Tajikistan determined the medium term priorities for the period of 2011-
2013 through the Protocol #12.1/10-16/ as of March 17, 2010. These priorities are::

Table 1. Medium term budget priorities for the period of 2011- 2013
       Medium term budget priorities of health sector
       Priority 1. Improvement of human resources in health system through
increasing of salaries for health workers.
       Priority 2. Increase the efficiency of Primary Health Care Services (PHCS)
through enhancement of family medicine model.
       Priority 3. Implementation of socially accountable and multi- tiered national
state guarantee system (SGBP), provision of health services for the population of the
Republic of Tajikistan.
       Priority 4. Strengthen the material and technical base for health establishments.
       With consideration of epidemiological tendency in the country the
immunization and increase of financing for immunization is selected as the fifth
budget priority for the period of 2011- 2013. The Ministry of Health of Tajikistan
provides the recommendation for the increase of public expenditure for immunization
of infection risky diseases through immunization (this also requested by International
Development Agencies for further immunization support).
       Developments of relatively detailed medium term priorities in health sector are
provided below.
       Priority 1. Improvement of human resources in health system through
increasing of salaries for health workers.
                                           48
        The goal of the priority is to ensure that the salary of health workers is in line
with the average salary of the workers in the national economy, where this serves as
the motivation source for improvement of quality health service provision and
prevention of turnout the staff in the health sector establishments.
        Priority 2. Increase the efficiency of Primary Health Care Services (PHCS)
through enhancement of family medicine model.
        The goal of the priority is rendering the quality support and accessibility of
health services to population at the Primary Health Care Services.
        The goals of medium term budget priorities are as follows;
        - within the period of 3-5 years 70% of Health Centers, where the family
medicine is operational should be maintained, accessibility to water, sanitary
network, heating, permanent electricity, major medical equipment and organizational
facilities to be provided;
        - 70% of country’s demand on the primary health care should be directed to
family doctors;
        - with the purpose of equal access of population to health care services and free
section of the specialist and the establishment to apply the private medical activity
within the Primary Health Care Services system.
        Priority 3. Implementation of socially accountable and multi- tiered national
state guarantees system (SGBP), provision of health services for the population of the
Republic of Tajikistan.
        The goal of this priority is to improvement of accessibility of socially
vulnerable category of population to health care services.
        Priority activities:
        - develop and approve the State Guarantee Benefit Package annually;
        - Continue to advance the State Guarantee Benefit Package and fill the gaps
between the State budget for health and the guarantees within the State Guarantee
Benefit Package;
        - extend the State Guarantee Benefit Package to oblast levels and indirectly
relate the payment of suppliers on the basis of shares in the guarantees within the
State Guarantee Benefit Package;
        - continue to advance the structure and the amount for co- payment, including
grouping the price- lists in the official co- payment category;
        - improve the structure of privileged categories within the State guarantee
programme;
        - do the assessment on the State Guarantee Benefit Package based on shortage
of funding and also un- official payments by the population;
        - study and monitoring of implementation of the State guarantee programme.
        Priority 4. Strengthen the material and technical base for health establishments.
        The goal of current section is to improve the quality of health services and its
accessibility to the population.
        At first stage to improve the material- technical base of health establishments
in the capital city (republican and city level), where the number of patients with
difficult diagnosis and difficult treatment is considerable.
                                           49
       In the second stage to implement equipping material- technical base of health
establishments at oblast level through provision of computer tomography,
angiography, computer diagnostics of eye diseases, the use of remote facilities,
laboratory assessment and consultation to population, also departments for saving of
newborns, lithoclasty, immunotitering and other modern technology.
       In the third stage to provide the equipment for Central District and City
Hospitals for pilot inclusion of instructions on clinics.
       5) Priority activities
       - Construction and rehabilitation of Primary Health Care Services, hospitals
and sanitary- epidemiological establishments;
       - Provide the health establishments with equipment and medicines;
       - Provide the contraceptive facilities to all Primary Health Care Service
establishments;
       - To bring down the regional difference in comparison to existing primary,
ambulatory and hospital services;
       - Implementation of alternative model to hospital services (ambulatory, day
care for operation, day care hospital treatment);
       - To propose the fair and effective distribution of ambulatory and residential
service provision in the republic with distribution at initial, secondary and third
stages;
       - Renewal of health sector in accordance to International standards and best
practices, with consideration of characteristics compared to economic opportunities
and drawbacks, social- economic context and human resources in the republic;
       - Development of coordination and complementary activities among various
levels of health care services;
       - Increase the efficiency, accountability, effectiveness and usefulness (through
provision of healthcare services comparatively in efficient and effective way).
       - Accreditation of treatment- preventive establishments.
2.2 Health Sector Budget indicators for the period of 2011- 2013
       The years of 2008 and 2009 were successful years for health sector- for
example, the budget of health sector is increased to 51% in 2009 (with consideration
of increase of the salary for health sector workers).
       Health sector is one of the priority areas of the Republic of Tajikistan and the
ceiling of expenses based on the preliminary calculations with details of operational
expenditures is 480.2 million Somoni in 2001, where this figure is 19% more than the
period of 2010. Estimation of ceiling of expenses for 2012 is 562.1 million Somoni,
where it is 17% more than in 2011. In 2013 the Ministry of Health made the
estimation of 687.4 million Somoni and this figure is 22.2% more than the period of
2012.
       In the following table the macroeconomic indicators, the ceiling budget
expenses in health sector for period of 2011- 2013, also the State Budget indicators
for period of 2011- 22013 are foreseen.


                                          50
5    HEALTH
General Indicators
                                                  2009
Million Somoni                                               2009
                                                  approved             2010      2011      2012      2013
                                                             actual
                                                  budget
Inflation                                         8,0%       5,0%      7,0%      9,0%      7,5%      6,5%
GDP                                               21 402     20 623    24 500     30 180   36 650    44 790
Nominal growth of GDP                             21,5%      17,1%     18,8%     19,3%     21,4%     22,2%
State Budget expenditures                         5 652,0    5 642,8   6 781,5   8 129,2   9 442,0   10 662,0
The ceiling of expenditure for health sector
                                                  386,9      335,9     403,8     484,7     567,3     684,3
(without social tax)
Health budget expenditures as percentage of
                                                  1,8%       1,6%      1,6%      1,6%      1,5%      1,5%
GDP (without social tax)
Health budget expenditures as percentage of
total state budget expenditures (without social   6,8%       6,0%      6,0%      5,9%      6,0%      6,4%
tax )


              The major change of expenditures and the increase of budget in health sector in
       2011 are planned on the basis of medium term budget priorities which are indicated
       in chapter 2.2. In accordance with budget priorities for 2011- 2013 and the ceiling for
       expenditures anticipated by the Ministry of Finance the increase of expenditure will
       be directed to priority activities of the sector.
              § 3. Social protection sector
              1) Social insurance and social protection
              According to article 1 of the constitution of Tajikistan, “The Republic of
       Tajikistan is a social state whose policies are directed towards creating conditions to
       ensure a worthwhile life and the free development of the person". “Each person has
       the right to employment, to choose a profession and job, to have their job protected,
       and to social protection against unemployment. Salaries should not be lower than the
       minimum working wage. These rights of the citizens are protected by the state
       through law and state programs. Objectives of the Poverty Reduction Strategy in the
       Republic of Tajikistan are directed to resolve the social and economic problems
       which are linked to improvement of the level and the quality of life. Taking into
       account the strengthening of the social protection in the strategy of action for 2010-
       2012 of employment, social insurance, pension and unified targeted social assistance
       are as priority dimensions of the sector.
           Therefore the State protects the vulnerable and poor population in the country and
       ensures social welfare in the following ways:
           -Provision of mandatory social insurance to guarantee a certain level of income in
           case of retirement, disability, unemployment and sickness/maternity leave.
           Survivor benefits, child birth/care benefits and funeral subsidies are also included
           in this component. Social Insurance is financed from social contributions to the
           pension fund.

                                                             51
   -Development of the labour market with focus on support to unemployed, job
   creation and labour migration. Services include adult training, creation of social
   work positions, provision of micro finance to unemployed and facilitation of job
   fairs.
   -Provision of social care services to children, disabled, mentally ill and elderly. It
   includes residential and day care facilities as well as social care services provided
   at home.
   -Provision of social assistance to targeted vulnerable and poor citizens financed
   from the republican and local budgets. This category currently includes social
   pensions to disabled or citizens in retirement age that did not contribute to the
   pension fund, a compensation of electricity and gas bills of the poor, a subsidy to
   support school attendance and subsidies to world war veterans, Chernobyl victims
   and ecological/voluntary migrants.
   - Administration of labour and social protection including preparation of strategy,
   policy and legislation and monitoring of its implementation as well as scientific
   research. It includes labour inspection, medical assessment of (partially) disabled
   prior to providing individual disability pensions, calculation and payment of social
   insurance, the management of social care service and social assistance and the
   design and implementation of labour market policy.
   -Development of the sector by investing in facilities.
   Linked to the impact of the global economic and financial crisis and the
consequences of it and the reason and the causes of poverty and in accordance to
objectiv es of PRSP the following tasks have been identified:
    -completing the management system of social protection of population:
    -providing the recourses to the poor layers of the population in order to reduce the
    poverty
    -Enhancement of the social insurance and pension system
    -Renewal of the system of social assistance including both components:
    -social payments and social assistance;
    2) Developments in the sector, reform agenda and priorities
       Poverty reduction. Despite the 2009 world financial crisis, overall poverty has
been gradually reduced during recent years, largely as a consequence of GDP growth.
During 2010-2012 based on pessimistic scenario comparatively in 2010 poverty
reduction will be 3,5 % in 2011 5,0 % and in 2012 6,0% . From 2007 it was 53,5%,
2009-49,5%, in 2010 48,6% in 2011-46,7% and in 2012 44,1%.
       Therefore based in this scenario the GDP grow is possible and linked to that
reducation of poverty, more development of labor market and it’s policies and also
continuation of poor people support will remain priority issue for the government.
       3). Social Insurance - A new pension law was adopted in January 2010 “On
insured and state pension” and will be effective per 1 January 2011. This new pension
law foresees in a base pension, a notionally defined component and an accrued
component on individual basis for all contributors to the pension fund. As a result of
                                           52
economic development it is expected that the social contributions and thus the
revenues of the pension fund will rise 20,6% to 51,9%. At the same time also the
social insurance expenditures will increase. The base pension is projected to rise from
60 SOMONI in 2010 to 140 SOMONI in 2013 will increase. Also the number of
pensioners will increase due to demographic developments. Labour migrants are not
contributing to and covered by the social insurance mechanism. Finding ways to
include labour migrants in the social insurance mechanism remains a key issue.
       4) Labour and wages - The government is making efforts with salary reform
and renewal. Further reform of the civil servant salary as well as of employees in the
education and health sector including a mechanism of indexation is considered of
vital importance. Child labour should be gradually eliminated labour inspection
improved. Arrears in salary payments (notably in the agricultural sector) remain a
problem. The minimum salary will increase from 60 SOMONI in 2010 to 140
SOMONI in 2013, will increase.
       5) Social assistance. Social Assistance is generally considered insufficient and
deficiently targeted. A new system for targeting the poorest part of the population is
currently being designed, and will be piloted in two regions with effect from 1
January 2011. It is foreseen that in the next three years various existing social
assistance schemes will be transformed in a unified benefit scheme. The level of
social pensions (age and disability and survivor pensions for those who did not
contribute to the pension fund) – especially for disabled children and survivors is
low. The base for social pensions will increase from SOMONI 80 in 2010 to 120 in
2013.
       6) Social care services. Social care services are considered of low quality while
demand for social care services is increasing. The base for development of alternative
infrastructure of services through engagement of civil society is weak. Reform of
social care services and expansion of the network of non-residential social care
service institutions, strengthening the support to residential care institutions,
improvement and sustainability of food and medicine supply to people in residential
care institutions and cooperation with NGO’s and local service providers is a priority.
Despite this expansion, waiting lists are expected to grow.
       7) Administration - In the sphere of improving the efficieny of pension
calculation and payment it is planned that the pension calculation activities currently
carried out by sabez offices are being transferred to the State Agency for Social
Insurance and Pensions. Furthermore payment systems may be modernized. The
Ministry and its subordinated administrations have as priority the improvement and
centralization of information systems on (i) poverty, (ii) labour force use, (iii)
pensioners and actuarial data, (iv) contributors to the pension fund – in cooperation
                                          53
between the tax committee and social insurance bodies (v) computerization of
individual accounts in the pension system and (vi) social inclusion. Also the
strengthening the human resource capacity across the social services system
(managerial, methodological and planning capacity) including training of social
workers is considered a high priority. Enhancement the legal base for social
protection and the introduction of policy based budgeting across the sector is one of
the focal points of the Ministry.
       8) Development of cooperation. Continued cooperation with international
donors is expected from the European Union and World Bank, Asian Development
Bank, KfW development bank (Tajik Social Investment Fund) and the International
Labour Organization for budget support, technical assistance and support.
       9) Regulatory Framework
The regulatory framework for labour and social protection includes the following:
       -Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan, 1994
       -National Development Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for the period to
2015, 2007.
       -Poverty Reduction Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010 – 2012,
approved by the Parliament in 2009.
       -The law of the RoT “On providing the pension to the citizens of the RoT”
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on state social insurance” (1997)
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on insured and state pensions”.
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on labour protection” (2009);
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on social care services”
       -law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on social protection of disabled of the
Republic of Tajikistan”;
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on veterans”.
       -Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “on migration” dated 11.12.1999, #811;
       -The concept of labour payroll reform of the Republic of Tajikistan (2008);
       -The concept of public policy of promoting employment for 2006-2012 (2006);
       -State program promoting employment in the Republic of Tajikistan for the
year 2008 (2007);
       10) Budgetary allocations to labour and social protection

      The social protection sector budget is increasing from 0.9 billion SOMONI in
2009 to 1.8 billion SOMONI in 2013. Given the inflation it represents a real annual
increase varying from 8.8% till 14.8%. At the same time, the social protection sector
budget as percentage of GDP is slightly decreasing from 4.5% in 20096 to 4.2% in
2013 while the social protection sector budget as percentage of the total state budget
is decreasing from 17.9% in 2009 to 16.3% in 2013. In 2011, 74% of the sector



                                          54
budget is funded by the pension fund, 23% by the republican budget and 2% by the
local budget.

  25,0%



  20,0%                                                        Бучети сектори хифзи ичтимои
                                                               хамчун фоизи ММД

                                                               Бучети сектори хифзи ичтимои
  15,0%                                                        хамчун фоизи умумии Бучети
                                                               давлати
                                                               Афзоиши номиналии бучети
  10,0%                                                        сектори хифзи ичтимои

                                                               Афзоиши вокеии бучети
                                                               сектори хифзи ичтимои
   5,0%



   0,0%
          b-2009   b-2010   b-2011    b-2012     b-2013



       Expenditures for Social Insurance (pensions) constitutes by far the largest part
of the social protection budget (73%) followed by social assistance (12%). The
breakdown of the sector budget by programs is presented in the table below.

  1.800


  1.600


  1.400


  1.200                                                        66 Рушди хифзи ичтимои
                                                               65 Идора
  1.000                                                        64 дигар ва гайрахо
                                                               63 Кумаки ичтимои
   800                                                         62 Хизматрасонихои ичтимои
                                                               61 Бозори мехнат
                                                               60 Cугуртаи ичтимои
   600


   400


   200


     0
          b-2009   b-2010    b-2011     b-2012        b-2013




                                                 55
11) Program for social insurance

      Mandatory social insurance is in place to guarantee a certain level of income in
case of retirement, disability, unemployment and sickness/maternity leave. Survivor
benefits, child birth/care benefits and funeral subsidies are also included in this
component. Social Insurance is financed from social contributions to the pension
fund and is available to contributors the fund.

Нафака ва сугуртаи ичтимои

(млн Сом)                                  b-2009   b-2010   b-2011   b-2012    b-2013

60          Cугуртаи ичтимои                670,0    765,8    874,1   1.102,1   1.363,2
            Нафакахои сугурташудаи синну
6001                                        326,3    392,7    441,0    549,4     791,8
            сол
            Нафакахои сугурташудаи
6002                                        146,8    174,3    208,2    296,6     374,7
            маъюби
            Нафакахои сугурташудаи
6003                                         61,8     72,7     82,8    111,1     131,6
            бесаробони
            Нафакахо барои кормандони
6004                                         70,7     76,0     77,3     77,7        0,0
            макомоти хифзи хукук
6005        кумакпули барои бекорон           2,2      3,0      3,0       3,0       0,0

6006        Чубронпули барои бемори          40,5     24,2     38,7     40,5      41,0
            Кумакпули барои таваллуд ва
6007                                          7,3      7,3      8,0       8,5       9,0
            нигохубини кудак
6008        Дафнпули                         14,4     15,6     15,2     15,3      15,1


       The significant increase of expenditure in insured age pensions, disability
pensions and survivor pensions is a consequence of (i) the increase in base pension
from 80 SOMONI in 2010 to 140 SOMONI in 2013 and (ii) a considerable increase
of number of pensioners as a result of demographic developments. In 2011 more than
333 thousand age pensioners, 171 thousand disability pensioners and 51 thousand
survivor pensioners are expected to benefit from the insured pension schemes.
       Priority in this subprogram is given to the pensions with mandatory social
insurance. It’s considered that one main part of funds allocated for priorities of the
sector should be directed for this purpose. Since Novermber 2011-2013 with 15 %
and in 2013-20% increase will be in insured pensions.
       Minimum payment to unemployed remains at a level of 35 SOMONI for a
maximum period of three months, however the average payment increases from 150
SOMONI in 2009 to 200 SOMONI in subsequent years.
       Expenditure for sickness benefits (including maternity leave) is increasing due
to an increase in number of beneficiaries and an increase in average sickness benefit,
linked to salary rise.



                                             56
      The average benefit for child birth and child care remains at a level of
SOMONI 70 and SOMONI 35 respectively. But the number of beneficiaries is
expected to rise.
      Also for funeral subsidies, the average subsidy remains at a constant level of
SOMONI 700, but with an increase of expected number of beneficiaries.
      12) Program for labour market development
      This program is to support the labour market of Tajikistan. It is funded from
Social insurance and implemented by State agency of social protection, employment
and migration.
 Харочоти бозори мехнат бо зер-барнома

 (млн Сом)                                  b-2009   b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

 61          Бозори мехнат                     6,2      4,0      4,5      5,2      5,7

             Маблаггузории беруна              1,5      0,0      0,0      0,0      0,0

             Хамаги                            4,7      4,0      4,5      5,2      5,7

 6101        Таъмини кор мувофики талабот      2,2      2,3      2,7      3,2      3,5
             Карздихии хурд/Кумаки
 6102                                          2,5      1,7      1,8      2,0      2,2
             корхонахои хурду миёна барои


       Labour market development includes the following activities: (i) subsidy for up
to 5,500 social work positions per year, (ii) professional training of 2,500 to 3,000
unemployed per year including provision of stipends, (iii) funding of 500 job fairs
each year.
       The micro-finance fund provides interest free loans to unemployed to facilitate
the establishment of new small businesses. The fund will increase from 2.2 SOMONI
million in 2009 to 2.7 SOMONI in 2013. Given an average loan maturity of one-and-
half year and an average loan size of approximately SOMONI 3,000 it is foreseen
that up to 2,000 new businesses can be established each year. Default repayment is
expected to be very low.
       3) Program for social care services
       Social care services are provided to children, disabled, mentally ill and elderly.
It includes residential facilities, day care centres as well as care services provided at
home. Social care is currently funded from the Republican Budget and it’s
implemented by State Agency for Social Protection and Employment of Population
except from the social care services at home which is financed from the local budget
and it’s managed by the local government.




                                             57
таксимоти хизматрасонии ичтимои

(млн Сом)                                b-2009    b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

62          Хизматрасонихои ичтимои        13,1      15,6     17,9     18,8     16,9
            Хизматрасони барои
6201                                         2,4      4,5      5,6      6,0      6,3
            кудакон(марказхои рузона)
            Хонаи маъюбон ва беморони
6202                                         2,7      2,8      3,4      3,7      4,1
            рухи
6203        Хонахои пиронсолон               3,7      3,3      3,6      3,8      4,1

6204        Осоишгох                         1,7      2,0      2,3      2,3      2,4

6205        Хизматрасони ба хона             2,5      3,0      3,0      3,0      0,0


       State-run residential institutes and day care centres for disabled and mentally ill
adults and children are currently in place at 7 locations across the country in
Chorbogh, Yovon, Penjikent, Hisor, Vose, Tursonzoda and Vahdat. Total capacity is
currently 400 places and will be expanded to 420 places in 2011. The beneficiary to
worker ratio is projected at a level of 1.9 beneficiaries to one worker.
       State-run residential institutes for elderly are currently located in 4 raions
across the country. Total capacity is currently 510 places and will be expanded to 530
places in 2012.
       State-run sanatoria are located in Dusti, Yamchun, Romit and Kharangon,
serving currently 2,000 beneficiaries per year with an expected number of 2,120
beneficiaries in 2011 and subsequent years.
       Social care at home is provided by social workers and the time it covers 5900
beneficiars.
       14) Program for social assistance
       Social assistance (subsidies) is provided to targeted vulnerable and poor
citizens financed from the republican and local budgets. This category currently
includes social pensions to disabled or citizens in retirement age that did not
contribute to the pension fund, a compensation of electricity and gas bills of the poor,
a subsidy to support school attendance and subsidies to world war veterans,
Chernobyl victims and ecological migrants.
       This program is funded from the republican and local budgets and it is
implemented by the State agency for social protection, employment and migration.
Таксимоти/касри кумаки ичтимои

(млн Сом)                                 b-2009   b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

63          Кумаки ичтимои                  99,5    129,2    150,1    187,4    213,7

6301        Нафакахои ичтимои               51,9     68,8     87,8    122,1     155,2

6302        Кумакпулии ичтимои              36,5     46,5     49,0     51,7      54,6

6304        Кумак ба мухочирон               4,4      4,5      3,8      4,1       3,9
            Кумак ба гуруххои муайяни
6305                                         6,7      9,5      9,5      9,5       0,0
            ахоли

                                            58
      Social Pensions are provided to retirees and disabled who were not able to
contribute to the pension fund by paying social contributions during their working
live. Also social survivor pensions are included in this category. The number of
beneficiaries of this sub-program is expected to increase from 83 thousand in 2010 to
104 thousand in 2013. Also the base pension is projected to increase from 60
SOMONI per month now to 140 SOMONI per month in 2013.
      The annual real increase of the average monthly pension develops as follows:
15.1% in 2011, 16.5% in 2012 and 9.3% in 2013.
      15) The social benefit scheme comprises of

       -compensation payments to families with school pupils (263 thousand
beneficiaries, 40 SOMONI per beneficiary per year) to encourage school attendance;
       -electricity bill compensation payment to the poor (250 thousand beneficiaries
with an average annual compensation payment of SOMONI 108 in 2011 to SOMONI
123 in 2013);
       -gas bill compensation payment to the poor (62 thousand beneficiaries; with
and average annual compensation payment of SOMONI 173 in 2011 to SOMONI
213 in 2013).
       It is planned to convert the above sub-schemes in stages in a unified social
benefit scheme in conjunction with the development of a new social targeting
mechanism to target the poorest part of the population. A pilot will be launched in
two regions in 2011.
       If the relevant decree on realization of the project is issued then the amount of
1.400 000 SOMONI will be used for this project from the reserved funds of the
sector.
       Ecological and voluntary migrants have access to subsidies and interest free
loans to compensate for the cost of moving and establishing a new living. 1.6 mln to
1.7 mln annual participants are expected to participate in the scheme during the
MTEF period. This is to be realized by State Agency for Social Protection,
Employment and Migration.
       Support to specific groups of the population is provided to Chernobyl victims
(5.8 million SOMONI per year to approximately 4 thousand beneficiaries) and world
war veterans who benefit amongst others pension top-ups, public transportation
subsidies, communication subsidies and coal subsidies.
       16) Program for commodity reserves
       Commodity reserves are provided to the population affected by natural
disasters such as floods and earthquakes. Also for support of various agriculture
activities, for organisation in order to stabilize the economy in case of temporary
problems of providing energy fuel , row materials, food humanitarian assistancy and
to influence in the market in for regulation purposes. For the maintenance of the
                                          59
reserves and to compensate for the dispatch of stocks an annual amount of 50 million
SOMONI is needed. The program is implemented by the Material Reserves Agency
under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
  дигар харочоти хифзи ичтимои

  (млн Сом)                                   b-2009      b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

  64           дигар ва гайрахо                    40,0     75,0     75,0     75,0      0,0
               Захираи хурока ва ашёи
  6401                                             40,0     75,0     75,0     75,0      0,0
               фавкуллода

       17) Program for administration

       Administration of labour and social protection covers the preparation of
strategy, policy and legislation and monitoring of its implementation. It includes
labour inspection, medical assessment of (partially) disabled prior to providing
individual disability pensions, calculation and payment of social insurance, the
management of social care service and social assistance and the design and
implementation of labour market policy.

  Харочоти идора

  (млн Сом)                                   b-2009      b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

  65           идора                               33,3     40,3     38,6     41,8      9,6
               Дастгохи маркази ва макомоти
  6501                                              4,3      5,8      6,3      6,6      0,0
               ВМХИ
  6502         Хадамоти Назорати мехнат             1,5      2,2      3,2      3,4      1,8

  6503         Хадамоти ташхиси тибби               1,6      2,2      1,2      2,2      0,0
               Дастгохи маркази ва шуъбахои
  6504                                             19,5     24,1     21,3     22,7      7,8
               АДСИН
               Дастгохи маркази ва шуъбахои
  6505                                              6,4      6,1      6,6      6,9      0,0
               АДХИШАМ

      18) Program for development
      The largest component of the program for developing the sector (31,7 million
to 35 million SOMONI in the period 2011-2013) comprises of support to the Social
Investment Fund from the German donor KfW for investments in primary/secondary
schools in Khatlon Oblast.
  Харочоти рушди хифзи ичтимои

  (млн Сом)                                   b-2009      b-2010   b-2011   b-2012   b-2013

  66           Рушди хифзи ичтимои                 29,0     31,7     38,6     34,4      0,0

  6601         сармоягузори                        29,0     31,7     38,6     34,4      0,0


      Capital expenditure for MLSP is development of the material base of social
protection, administration buildings and buildings for people with limited abilities.
                                              60
This includes the following services: technical inspection of the building, preparation
of the bidding documents on new buildings. For this purpose the annual expenditure
in 2011 is 10 million SOMONI and in 2013 it is 11,7 million SOMONI. This
program is implemented by Capital construction Department of the MLSP and
SASIP.
        Also in this program for (legal and business bodies in state social insurance
system) 7,3 mln SOMONI is planned which will be implemented by SASIP.
       In order to execute the order of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan dated
22 May 2010, # 9560 for execution of construction of doma-internat for mentally ill
people(100 beds) in Bokhtar district of KHatlon province in 2011-2,3 mln.,in 2012-3
mln., and in 2013-3 mln, somoni has been planned in the program.
       §4. Culture and sport sector.
       Contemporary societies consider culture as the essence of a nation and the main
pillar of it’s moral development that has impact on activities of all layers of the
society, government and develops creativity.
       Culture plays vital role in knowing history, maintains and enriches traditions,
strengthens patriotism. According to Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan each
individual has right to play his own role in cultural life of the society, creativity,
science and technology and to benefit from the improvements in these fields.
Protection of nature, culture history is the responsibility of each individual.
Cultural activity based on the orders and decrees of the President of the country and
the decrees of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan are directed on
broadening the morality of the society and to strengthen the patriotism of the people
especially the youth.
        Throughout history development of each nation and state depends on the
improvement of the level of morality, politics, economy and social level amongst
which the morality is more important. Morality reflects awareness of the society and
it’s understanding. Moral values have been respected by man throughout history and
they were depending on economical, cultural growth of the society.
        Introducing and implementation of the medium and long term sector
frameworks is of a key importance for the Culture sector, including “Development of
the culture framework of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015”, “Program of
development of national literature improvement in the Republic of Tajikistan”,
“Program of library activity growth in the Republic of Tajikistan and the program of
development of the National Library after Abulqosim Firdawsi of the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2006-2015”, “Program for development of archives in the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2009-2018”, “Program of youth of Tajikistan, State patriotism program
of the youth in the Republic of Tajikistan”, “Program of the youth of Tajikistan for
2010-2012” of One of the important functions in culture sector is introducing and
implementation.



                                           61
        In 2009 for implementation of the decree of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan dated June 2, 2008, # 292 “on measures for implementation of the Order of
the President of the Republic of Tajikistan “on activities for strengthening the level of
social protection and increasing the current salary of the staff of the budget
organizations, the size of pension and stipends” dated June 20, 2008, # 480” for
encouraging the skilled specialists, having the high degree of specialization the new
regulation of payment of salary is prepared and implemented.
        In medium period framework the key priority for the sector is “State program
for improving digital television broadcasting in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2011-
2015”.
        Results of the implementation of the Program are as follow:
        - Digital broadcast in compare to analogical equipment works much better
        - provides opportunity to high quality of voice and vision and also to increase
the quantity of channels which are broadcast able through cable network or satellite
        Transferring into digital TV broadcast allows saving power, coefficient
efficiency of the technologic equipment is till 80 percent and more.
        - Other priorities of digital broadcast is the big capacity of useful service
delivery, broadcasting TV programs, subtitles, multichannel voice, running lines in
different languages. Besides digital broadcast resolves problems with expansion of
the paid shows.
        “Culture development Program of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015”
        Implementation outcome of the Program:
         -development forecast of the culture;
        -Influence growth of the culture and art organizations;
        -strengthens the material technical base of culture and art organizations;
        -helps to create cultural thinking atmosphere for the nation;
        -scientific activities in the sector of culture including national art and cultural
services to population will continue.
        Program art (creativity arts) development of the population of the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2009-2015:
       Results expected by implementation of the Program:
       -new infrastructure for national art skills will be developed;
       -orphans and children of poor families will be facilitated with national art
training centers;
        - enables establishing art learning centers in various regions of the republic;
       -improves homemade arts (handicraft arts) to provide employment to women
and thus to contribute in poverty reduction;
       -improves library funds to meet requirements of the readers considering
population grow of the republic;
        -solves theme, language and type issues of the libraries;
        -enables to introduce the best national art skills to the world;
        -due to insufficient funding the sectoral programs which were considered as
priorities in medium term of the sector remain unimplemented and thus the results are
not achieved.
                                            62
       The importance of the culture sector is mentioned in the message of the
President of the Republic of Tajikistan to Majlisi Oli (Assembly) of the Republic of
Tajikistan. Culture sector is one of the key sectors of the social life and has vital role
for all layers of the society, ways of governing, labor activities, creativity and so on.
The role of the culture in strengthening of patriotism, nationalist sentiments, respect
to the history of ancestors and increasing the image of the country at international
stage is very big. Since the July of the current year the minimum salary will increase
30 percent and starting from the October 1, the wages will increase 15 percent.
State expenditure for culture sector considering GDP in 2011- is 1, 0 percent.
       While preparing the medium term expenditure framework, increase of the
wages in 2011 will be 15 percent, in 2012 and 2013 will be 20 percent, the communal
expenditure tariff set by the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, other lines of
expenditure including inflation 9 percent in 2011 and 2012-2013, is planned 7
percent.
       In table 1 main indicators of state expenditure in the sector of culture for 2009-
2010 and indicators of 2011-2013 as percentage of Grow domestic product, State
investment program (SIP) and special funds are reflected.
Ceilings of total expenditure in the sector of culture for 2011-2013
                                          (mln.som)                 Table 1
                                   2010                           Forecast
          Indicators         Appro Executi 2011       2011/   2012    2012/   2013    2013/
                             ved     on               2010            2011            2012
                             budge forecast           %               %               %
                             t
Culture                       213,7   213,7 308,       44     372,8    21     452,5    21
                                             4
As percentage of GDP           0,9      0,9 1,0                1,0             1,0
including,
Budget                       206,8   206,8     299,    45     362,6    21     442,5    22
                                                1
      As percentage of GDP     1      1        1,0             1,0             1,0
From which
Wages                         29,6   29,6      32,8    11      38,9    19     46,9      21
Main investment              101,6   101,6     100     -2       80     -20     60      -25
State investment program
                              1,4     1,4      2,3     67      1,8              0
Special funds                 5,5     5,5       7      27      8,4     20      10      20

      Total expenditure according to functional classification with budget indicators,
capital investment, investment programs and special funds.




                                              63
                                                                           (mln.somoni) Table 2
 Expenditure according to        Current      Aproved      Forecast    Forecast   Forecast
 functional classification       budget     budget 2010.    2011.       2012.      2013.
                                  2009
Activities on physical
exercise and sports                4,0          4,4           4,9        5,2         5,6
Organizations and
cultural activities
Mass media
                                  48,0          52,9         63,2       69,8        83,1
Other activities in the           37,9          42,5         49,7       53,8        60,3
sector of culture and sport


CAPEX                              5,0          5,5           6,3        6,8         8,5
Investments                       76,0         101,5          100        80          60
                                                1,4           2,3        1,8
Special funds                      5,0          5,5            7         8,4         10

Reserve for salary                                            75         147         225
increase
Total expenditure                175,9         213,7         308,4      372,8       452,5
(mln.somoni)

Total expenditure according to economic classification (mln.somoni)               Table 3
 Expenditure according to       Current      Approved       Forecast   Forecast   Forecast
  economic classification        budget     budget 2010.      2011.     2012.      2013 .
                                 2009.
1000. Wages and social
protection fund                   32,7           35,5         39,5      47,3        56,8
2000. Expenditure of
good, works and services          35,9           39,5         46,9      49,0        53,2
4000. Subsidy and other
current transfers                 21,2           24,2         29,2      32,2        39,9

5000. Purchase of CAPEX            5,1          6,1           8,5        7,1         7,6

CAPEX                             76,0         101,5          100        80          60

Investment                                      1,4           2,3        1,8          0

Special funds                      5,0          5,5            7         8,4         10
Reserve for increase of
wages                                                         75         147         225
Total expenditure (mln.somoni)    175,9         213,7        308,4      372,8       452,5




                                               64
      Cultural organizations and activities
      At the moment in the republic there are 941 clubs, 1332 public libraries, 47
cultural entertainment parks, 24 public theaters, 33 music and dance groups, 42
museum, 13 vocational theater, 6 concert organization, 1 public circus.
With participation of science and literature men the “The book caravan” is travelling
along the country the main goal of which is supplying the republican library fund
with newly arrived books and to arrange meetings with population in order to
increase their knowledge.
       In order to increase the efficiency of cultural organizations of the country,
strengthening their material-technical base and to improve them with new tasks in
independent period of the country and to increase the quality of cultural activities we
suggest the following:
       - to strengthen the role of National library of the Republic of Tajikistan after
Firdawsi, National museum of the Republic of Tajikistan after K.Behzod, the
republican children library of the Republic of Tajikistan after M.Mirshakar as a
scientific-methodic and scientific-research;
       - Repair culture entertainment gardens;
       - strengthening the role of Creativity/art council of the Ministry to prepare/
recommend programs for national theaters, music and dance groups and to supply the
national theaters with books of tajik play writings dedicated to the important and
urgent cultureal issues;
       - Some libraries of the republic need repair and renewal. In Tavildara,
Tojikobod, Muminobod, Nurobod, Mountainous Mastchoh and some districts of
GBAO libraries are in residential places and have no separate buildings. The
expenditure costs are given in table 7.
Also libraries are in dire need of bookshelves, tables and chairs, computer
technologies.
       Some theater concert organizations need technical equipments, lamps,
amplifier, stage equipments and computers.
       The librarian development program in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-
2015” and “National library development program of the Republic of Tajikistan for
2006-2015”
       Main tasks of librarian in the new socio-economic conditions of independent
Tajikistan are as follow:
       -to support the socio economic development of the country,
       -support the rights, moral, humanity, patriotism, to broaden their scientific
world view, increasing their educational, cultural and vocational levels.
       -support the development of knowledge, production, social cooperation and
other sectors of the society, implementation of scientific knowledge’s, in agriculture
and public management and the usage of comparatively useful socio technical
opportunities of the republic.
       Technical base of the public libraries should be strengthening and equipped
with modern information technologies and they should be renewed. Majority of

                                          65
libraries have no sufficient library equipments (steles, bookshelves, bookcase, boxes
for contents, furniture for library and others).
       Expenditures of libraries, museums, theater concert organizations and other
cultural knowledge organizations and sector programs.
                                                                           (mln.somoni)        Table 4
                                    2010                                     Forecast
        Indicators            Approv Forecas           2011    2011/      2012 2012/           2013      2013/
                              ed       t of                    2010               2011                   2012
                              budget implem                    %                  %                      %
                                       entation
Total amount                   150,9     150,9         161,       7       148,3        -4      141,8         -5
                                                         7
     As percentage of GDP       0,6          0,6        0,5                   0,4               0,3
including,
budget                         149,4        149,4      159,       7       145,9        -9      138,9         -5
                                                         7
    As percentage of GDP        0,6          0,6        0,5                   0,4               0,3
From which
Wages                          23,9         23,9       27,5       15       33,0        20      39,6          20
CAPEX                          96,5         96,5       96,5                76,1                55,8
State investment programs
Special funds                   1,5          1,5        2,0       33          2,4      20       2,9          21

      Expenditure of libraries, museums, theatres and concert and other cultural
organizations and sector programs including SIP and special funds. (mln.somoni)
Table 5
 Expenditure according to        Current            Approved       Forecast         Forecast     Forecast
 functional classifications      budget              budget         2011.            2012.        2013.
                                  2009                2010.
Culture organizations and
activities                        48,0                52,9             63,2          69,8             83,1
CAPEX                             66,6                96,5             96,5          76,1             55,8
Investment
Special funds                      1,0                 1,5              2,0           2,4          2,9
Total expenditure                 115,6               150,9            161,7         148,3        141,8
(mln.TJS)
       Expenditure according to economic classification of libraries, museums,
theatre, concert and other culture organization and sector programs (mln. somoni)
Table 6
 Expenditure according to        Current            Approved       Forecast         Forecast     Forecast
 economic classifications        budget            budget 2010.     2011.            2012.        2013.
                                  2009.
1000. Wages and social
protection fund                   21,9                23,9             27,5          33,0             39,6
2000. Expenditure of goods,
work and services                     9,1             10,0             12,3          11,7             12,5
4000. Subsidies and other
current transfers                 14,2                15,7             19,2          21,3             27,0
                                                      66
5000. Purchase of CAPEX           2,8          3,3         4,2          3,8              4,0

CAPEX                            66,6         96,5        96,5         76,1          55,8

Investment
Special funds                     1,0          1,5         2,0          2,4          2,9
Total expenditure                115,6        150,9       161,7        148,3        141,8
(mln.somoni)

      Evaluation of Capital construction and repairs required urgently in medium
term prognosis
Table 7
              list               Quantity     Library     Number of             Amount
                                 of library     fund       readers            (mln.somoni)
                                              mln.peace   Mln.person
Libraries in residential homes
and other buildings which
require construction and            429            4,0           0,5              44,4
repair.

       Mass media
       Book reading and demand for books originates deep in the centuries and it’s
more liked in the current period of our life. Like economy and morality the printing
sector is also the point of attention.
Without development in this important ideological and political sector achievement
of strategic goals is impossible for any state. Printing materials including school
books, books for children, scientific, political books, newspapers and magazines and
even the various stickers play a vital role in education of people and improvement of
the image of the state.
       Only with printed materials the state will realize it’s own policy in all sectors
of social life.
       Today the society needs printing materials. Bright future of each country
depends on quality printing of the books, especially the school books for secondary
schools other educational organizations and other magazines and newspapers. This
type of materials could be printed only in publisher houses with experienced staff and
that have modern technologies.
       Publishing book as an important part of culture and morality of the society
currently is functions with financial support of the state budget.
       Due to lack of buying books by population many books and other printed
materials remain unsold. The demand for books due to poverty increase is at very low
level.
       In order to meet the demand, books are printed in public publish houses and
distributed free of costs for certain groups of population as a result the public print
houses are running in losses. These loses are more or less covered by the state

                                              67
subsidies. The subsidy of the state budget to the publications and papers will only
cover a part of expenditures and the losses of these organizations.
       Computerization program of the state publish houses of the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2010-2013.
       Priority dimensions for development of the state policy in the sector are
determined by political state information concept of the Republic of Tajikistan. That
concept determines, establishment of unique information sector and culture as a
condition of political and moral unity of the society of Tajikistan. Therefore
establishment of the state effective management through information and
communication technology including computerization of different sectors is planned.
The main objective of the program is computerization of publishing organization.
       State program of development of digital TV broadcasting in the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2010-2015
       According to state Program it is planned to transfer into digital broadcasting
system till 2015. All paid channels will work through income cards which needs
permanent purchase or financing. The cards will be available in specific places in
TVs and receivers.
       Moving to digital broadcasting through digital technologies, as well as
transferring from information transfers (tele radio phone) to digital technologic
requires special resources “purchase of equipments, technologic and inventor which
is included in main resources”.
       Also repair of front side of the “Radio House” and partially inside that building
which includes sufficient means, preparation and broadcasting of information, repair
of buildings, equipping with new furniture, new modern equipments, fire equipments,
alarming equipments.
       Expenditure of television and radio, newspapers and magazines and sector
programs (mln. somoni)
Table 8
                                  2010                                 Forecast
          Indicators        Appro Implem        2011       2011/   2012 2012/     2013   2013/
                            ved     entation               2010            2011          2012
                            budget forecast                %               %             %
Total funds                  47,4     47,4          55,6     17    60,7       9   68,4     12
       As percentage of GDP   0,2      0,2           0,2            0,2            0,2
Including
budget                       43,5     43,5          50,7    16     54,9     8     61,5    12
       As percentage of GDP   0,2      0,2           0,2            0,2            0,2
including
wages                         9,2      9,2          10,6    15     12,7    20     15,2    20
CAPEX                         1,0      1,0           1,0            1,1            1,2
State investment programs
Special funds                 3,9      3,9          4,9     25     5,8     19     6,9     19




                                               68
      Expenditure according to functional classification of television and radio,
newspapers and magazines and sector programs including SIP and special funds.
(mln.somoni)                                                                Table 9
 Expenditure according to      Current     Approved      Forecast   Forecast   Forecast
 functional classification   budget2009   budget 2010.    2011.      2012.      2013.

Mass media                      37,9         42,5         49,7       53,8       60,3
CAPEX                            1,1          1,0          1,0        1,1        1,2
Investment programs
Special funds                   3,0           3,9          4,9        5,8        6,9
Total expenditure               42           47,4         55,6       60,7       68,4
(mln.somoni)
     Expenditure according to economic classification of TV & radio, newspapers
magazines and sector programs
                                   (mln.somoni) Table 10
 Expenditure according to     Current     Approved     Forecast     Forecast   Forecast
 economic classifications     budget     budget 2010.    2011.       2012.      2013.
                               2009.
1000. Wage and social
protection fund                 8,6           9,2         10,6       12,7       15,2
2000. Expenditure of
good, work and services         20,2          22,3        25,3       27,2       29,1
4000. Subsidies and other
current transfers                7,0          8,5         10,0       10,9       12,8
5000. Purchase of CAPEX         2,1           2,5          3,8        3,0        3,2
CAPEX                            1,1           1,0         1,0        1,1        1,2
Special funds                   3,0            3,9         4,9        5,8        6,9
Total expenditure               42,0          47,4        55,6       60,7       68,4
(mln.somoni)
Other activities in the sphere of culture and sport
       With the aim of cultural activities of republican and international level in
professional way the Government of Tajikistan has approved some sector programs.
Support improvement of cultural life of the society, and to adjust the activities of the
cultural organizations to market economy and civil society, to meet all necessary
cultural needs, strengthening -technological base of cultural organizations, betterment
of social situation of staff of the sector the “Program of culture development of the
Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015 dated March3, 2007 #85” was approved.
The main objective of the Program depends on general changes of the social,
economic and cultural life of the society. In order to overcome the problems,
complete mechanisms of activities of the culture organization and implement the
development strategy of the culture the following tasks should be taken:
-follow up completion of legal, economic, financial, scientific policy base of the state
policy in the sector of culture.
       - gradual move to socio cultural self financing through regulation and support
of establishment of new cultural atmosphere in the society.

                                             69
       - facilitating revival of culture heritage, broadening the creativity skills
especially for youth;
       -training specialists of the sector considering the demand in the society;
       -increasing the number of bodies of socio culture organizations;
Tasks of the Program:
       -implementation of cultural policy of the state in the society;
       -completing activities of culture and art organizations according to the demand
in the society;
       -providing purposeful mutual cooperation between the local governments and
the culture organizations;
       -providing modern understanding and thinking for the peasants;
       -protection and developing the traditional and modern directions of the culture;
       -Strengthening technological base of culture and art organizations;
       - “National arts developing programs in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2009-
2015” dated 31.10.08, # 513 for strengthening the status of the cultural organizations
and to attract citizens of the republic to result based activities the following measures
has been taken:
       Forecasting necessary financing for establishment of new infrastructure of
creativity national art, supporting specialists, masters of art and support the future
development of the national arts.

Objectives of the program
       - supporting establishment of infrastructure for national art;
       -establishment network of organizations on national art;
       -training specialists on national arts;
       -strengthening education, technical base of educating organizations;
       - stimulating artists financially and morally;
       -establishment of new infrastructure of national arts requires the following
actions:
       -determining the priority directions of developing the national art, increasing
the professional level of the artists;
       -developing three phase system of education for national art staff, developing
network of closed special secondary schools for all regions of the republic;
       -introducing new method-“arts schools (master-student)” in the system of state
education.
       One of the Important actions in the named sector is accepting and
implementing sector program like “Youth program of Tajikistan, state patriotism of
youth in the Republic of Tajikistan and youth health developing program in the
Republic of Tajikistan”. Based on these programs in a short term the state youth
program developed into new phase and has strengthen it’s status in society.
       Main directions of the “Youth program of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-
2012” date July 2, 2009 # 372 are planned according to the requirements of the
sector. As for example we can mention the issue of economic independency of the

                                           70
youth and development business, increase the legal knowledge, support of youth
unions.
Addition to this the following activities are planned:
       -promoting moral political education and legal knowledge of the youth,
       -promoting the health of the youth and promoting the mass sports and tourism,
       -education, capacity building, training staff and support of talented youth,
       -international collaboration of the youth,
       -provision of legal standards, scientific and political information for the youth.
       “Program of archive development in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2009-2018”
dated July 2, 2009 # 373.
Objectives of the program:
       -As one of the elements and important indicators of Tajik state management
and the component part of historical, cultural, information and mentality of Tajik
nation, maintaining and enriching the national archive reserve of the Republic of
Tajikistan.
       -Completion of legislative standards, taking action to secure the information
security of Tajikistan in the sphere of archive,
       -prohibiting access and use of archive information of state secret, personal and
family life, business secrets and other secrets that are protected by the government.
The main tasks are:
       -taking action to make the physical situation of the documents better, first of all
the valuable documents, copying for in case and repair of it.
       -completion counting national state archive reserve of the Republic of
Tajikistan including introduction of new information technologies and establishing
centralized automated system for calculating state archive and rare documents,
       - promote the access afterward to documents of the archive; develop of the
scientific and information apparatus of the funds.
       Expenditure of culture, sport, management of culture organizations, archive
and programs of culture sector development, promotion of art and other sector
programs. (mln.somoni)                                                        Table 11
                                  2010                                Forecast
        indicators          Appro Forecas       2011       2011/   2012 2012/    2013   2013/
                            ved     t of                   2010           2011          2012
                            budget implem                  %              %             %
                                    entation
Total funds                  15,4      15,4         16,1     4     16,8    4     17,3     3
       As percentage of GDP 0,06       0,06         0,05           0,04          0,04
including
budget                       13,9      13,9         13,7    -2     14,8    8     17,1    16
      As percentage of GDP 0,06        0,06         0,04           0,04          0,04
From which
wages                         2,4       2,4         1,4     -5     1,7     20    2,0     18
Capital expenditure           4,0       4,0         2,5            2,8           3,0
State investment programs
                              1,4       1,4         2,3     67     1,8     78     0
Special funds                 0,1       0,1         0,1            0,2           0,2
                                               71
       Expenditure according to functional classifications cultural, sports,
management of culture organizations, archive, culture sector development program,
art skills development and other sector programs considering SIP and special funds.
                                                    (mln.somoni)                        Table 12
  Expenditure according to           Current     Approved     Forecast    Forecast    Forecast
  functional classifications         budget     budget 2010.    2011.      2012.       2013.
                                      2009
Other activities in culture sector
and sports
Activities on physical exercise
and sports                              9,0            9,9      11,2         12,0       14,1

CAPEX                                   8,3            4,0       2,5         2,8         3,0
Investment program                                     1,4       2,3         1,8             0
Special funds                           1,0            0,1       0,1         0,2         0,2
Total expenditure (mln.somoni)         18,3         15,4        16,1         16,8       17,3


      Expenditure according to economic classifications culture activities, sports,
culture organizations, archive, culture sector development program, development of
national art skills and other sector programs
                                                  (mln.somoni)                           Table 13
 Expenditure according to            Current    Approved     Forecast    Forecast    Forecast
 economic classifications            budget    budget 2010.    2011.      2012.       2013.
                                     2009 .
1000. Wages and social
protection fund                        2,2         2,4         1,4         1,7         2,0
2000. Expenditure of good,
work and services                      6,6         7,2         9,3         9,9        11,6
4000. Subsidy and other
current transfers

5000. Purchase of Capital              0,2         0,3         0,5         0,4         0,5
expenditure

CAPEX                                  8,3         4,0         2,5         2,8         3,0

Investment programs                                1,4          2,3        1,8          0
Special funds                          1,0         0,1          0,1        0,2         0,2
Total expenditure                     18,3        15,4         16,1       16,8        17,3
(mln.somoni)




                                                  72
           PART 5. EXPENDITURE OF ECONOMIC SPHERE/SECTOR
       Forecast of funding of economic spheres is given in the table below:
                                      2010с.               2011с.          2012с.           2013с.    %
                                                                      %               %
                               Appr.budget Forecast        Forecast        Forecast        Forecast
Economic services                  2 555,7     2 555,7      2 694,6    5    3240,7    20   2 949,7     -9
                 as % of GDP          10,4        10,1          8,9            8,8             6,6
  Including:
    - Budget                       1 298,1     1 298,1      1 551,3   20   1 888,8    22   2 314,1    23
                 as % of GDP             5           5          5,1            5,2             5,2
    including:
      - Salary fund                  54,9        54,9          55,1    0      66,1    20      80,9    22
       - Capital expenditure        970,9       970,9       1 180,6   22   1 476,0    25   1 697,6    15
                                                                       -
 State Investment Programs          944,1       944,1        854,1          1094,2    28     581,2    -47
                                                                      10
                                                                                       -
State loans                         301,3       301,3          274     0     242,2            38,0
                                                                                      12
Special funds of budget
                                      12,2          12,2       14,6   20      15,5     6      16,4     6
organizations

§1. Energy and fuel sector/sphere (Energy fuel complex sphere)
       In expenditure part of the state budget fuel energy complex is of vital
importance for the economy of the country. In average in 2010-2011 10% of the total
size of the planned expenditure of the state budget is directed to the priorities of this
sector. Including completion of fund of OSC “Roghun HPP”, government share in
construction of “Sangtuda – 2” HPP, completion of feasibility study of “Shurobod”
HPP and other constructions and reconstructions of the energy system and medium
and small HPP-s, Also implementation of investment projects, including high voltage
power lines of 500kV of Khujand-Datcha, magnetizing grants from ADB for regional
energy project of 61,8 mln.somoni.
Priorities
    - constructions of big, medium and small plants
    -redoing feasibility studies
    - constructions of high voltage transmission lines
    - development of industry of the republic
    -conducting discovery-geological works in the sphere of coal and
    -conducting discovery-geological works in the sphere of oil and gas
    -conducting discovery geological works in the sphere of stone developing
    -increase the size of coal production in the republic
    -development of silkworm
Coal sphere
       On discovery-geological works.
       Indicators of socio-economic development prognosis of the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2010-2013 for conducting discovery-geological works in coal sphere

                                               73
strengthening the capacity of coal production and using new mine of coals for
providing industrial factories, budget organizations, population and exporting coal.
In 2009 the budget funds 379 750 somoni for discovery-geological works in the
regions of flammable slide stones of Kangurt and Garovuti and new mines of coal
with strategy of remote regions of GBAO-Mine-SAY-1, 2 and Uchkur-Jangi Devon
are disbursed.
       In the budget for 2010, 300 thousand somoni was allocated for continuing the
discovery-geology works in order to determine reserves of flammable slide stones of
Kangurt and Gharovuti. 80 thousand somoni was allocated for the subject task works
to determine the geological study level of the coal reserves in the southern regions of
Tajikistan to justifying the provision of industrial reserves of coal for mining which is
forecasted.
       Funds for discovery-geology works for 2010-2013 considering projects are
more then 7 mln. Somoni. Due to lack of budget funding for 2011- 800 thousand
somoni, 2012-800 thousand somoni, 2013 – 1200 thousand somoni are requested.
Allocation of the budget funds forecasts for discovery-geological works and subject
task works are designed as follow:
       It is planned In 2011-800 thousand somoni for preparation of projects of
discovery-geological works and checking the reserves of Shurobod, Nazar-Ayloq,
Shurob mines, reevaluation of industrial reserves of coal mine of Toshqutan and
Ravnov, completion of discovery-geological works in the mine of Kangurt and
Gharovuti, implementing subject tasks for preparation of complex of calculations of
mine of minerals of coal sphere and justifying of the solid flammable mines
republicwise, providing the geologic-mine surveyors of the factory with modern
equipments.
       In 2012-800 thousand somoni is planned for survey to determine the areas for
implementation of the discovery works of mountains, digging of areas for
determining the horizons of existence and morphology of layers of coals underground
in coal mines of Shurobod, Nazar-Ayloq and areas of Shurob-ii and Samarqandak of
Shurob mine. Subject tasks on determining industrial reserves and quality coke in
Fon-Yaghnob mine with the purpose of production of the coke able coal.
Strengthening of technical base of factory with modern technologies for
implementation of discovery-geology works of solid flammable mines. In the year
of 3013-1200 thousand somoni for continuation of discovery-geology works and
determining the necessary industrial reserves, directions and means of constructing in
future the mines of Shurobod, Nazar-Ayloq, Shurob, preparation of discovery-
geology works for Obi-Borik and Suffa mine in the Hisor mountains. Preparation of
subject tasks in regards to mining of methane gas from the coal of Fon-Yagnob.
For 2010-2013 it is planned to execute forecasting discovery-geology works with
minimum funds. In South West region of the Republic more than 8 mln tone
industrial coal reserves are available for providing the budget organizations, force
structures, population and production enterprises of the Republic is strengthened with
solid fuel, direction and dimension of production of the coke able coal production and
production of methane gas from the coal will be implemented.
                                           74
       Fuel and gas sphere
On discovery-geology works.
        According to plan the budget funds will be used for conducting discovery-
geology works: subjective - scientific tasks, geology-geophysics researches,
providing the technical and modern equipments.
Based on researches and the recent analysis it’s proved that the main reserves of gas
and oil are located in the gas and oil fields of the South-West of Tajikistan. In 2009
according to plan 540 thousand somoni is allocated from the budget recourses for the
following works:
       -based on analytic geology-physical materials and feasibility of research-
discovery works with the aim of determining the existence of oil and gas mines in the
future fields of South-West parts of Tajikistan. For this reason there is 80 thousand
somoni disbursed.
       - to provide the technology and modern geophysics equipments
The allocation of budget funds in the sphere of oil and gas for 2010:
     a) The research and subject tasks on determining the direction and size of
         discovery geology works, prepare the future fields for discovery of oil and
         gas in the territory which has oil and gas (Kofarnihon) the Western part of
         Tajik-Afghan zone. For above mentioned tasks 80 thousand somoni is
         allocated.
     b) Research-geophysical group for geology-geophysical and perforation tasks in
         the shaft of oil and gas and also for purchasing technology and modern
         geophysics equipments including:
         - Perforate system and spear parts of it are planned to be purchase from the
             420 thousand allocated funds. With execution of named tasks the
             scientific-geophysical group will be engaged with quality analysis of oil
             and gas shafts currently available in Tajikistan.
       Allocation of budget funds in the sphere of oil and gas for 2011:
       -scientific-subject tasks on determining the direction and the size of future
fields with the aim of discovery of new oil and gas mines in the territory of oil and
gas region (Kulob) the Eastern part of Tajik-Afghan zone. 100 thousand somoni is
planned for this purpose.
       -research-geophysic team will be given tasks of geology-geophysic,
perforational, analysis and inspection of useful layers of digged shafts and the
current shafts of the oil and gas shafts also to purchase the special technology for
development of oil and gas sphere of the Republic of Tajikistan.
Allocation of budget funds in the sphere of oil and gas for 2012:
         - The research subjective tasks for analysis and inspections in order to
             determine the quality and result of size of the discovery-geology tasks and
             new oil and gas mines in the future fields in the territory of (vakhsh) the
             central part of Tajik-Afghan zone. For this purpose there is 120 thousand
             somoni allocated;
         - - there will be certain amount of money allocated for research-geophysical
             team for geology-geophysical tasks and perforation tasks in the current
                                          75
            shafts and non operative shafts for test and checking of layers of the shafts
            and for purchasing equipments for shafts.
Allocation of budget funds in the sphere of oil and gas for 2013:
         - Research-subjective tasks in order to determine the direction and size of
            discovery-geology tasks, feasibility of research-discovery tasks in the
            future and current fields of oil and gas in (DUSHANBE) South-West part
            of Tajikistan (Tajik-Afghan zone). For this purpose there will be 140
            thousand somoni allocated:
         - Research-geophysical team on geology-geophysical tasks and test and
            inspection tasks in the current gas and oil shafts and in digged discovery-
            research shafts for the useful layers and for purchasing the equipments and
            modern tools of geophysic, including:-system of pipe-cutting, carrotage
            cabel, perforational and torped systems;
         - Its worth of saying that modern geophysical instruments mention above
            are for analys tasks and researchs in current shafts of oil and gas and they
            play vital role and helps to discover new shafts.
       Financial support for coal sphere
       On financial state support (subsidy) to enterprises of coal sphere in 2010 is
943,0 thousand somoni which is OSC “Angisht”-300,0 thousand somoni., KF KA
“Fone-Yaghnob”-225,0 thousand somoni.,KF KA “Nazar-Ayloq”-175,0 thousand
somoni and KFKA “Shurobod”-243,0 thousand somoni is allocated. Mainly the state
financial support in the coal sphere enterprises is for reduction of original cost of coal
which is usef to maintain the underground roads (according to safety measures) and
the technologies and mountain mechanisms, spear parts, explosion materials, the
strengthening woods for mountainous diggings, to attract high qualified specialists.
IN Shurobod mine of production reserves at horizon of+740m the left under waters
were relaased (electiricity power, usef for pumping underground waters, giving fresh
air, wooden materials for maintaining the discoveries under mountain, reconstruction
of technologies and mechanisms under water).
       Reconstruction of the regions which were under water, provide the safety
measures of under ground places and other funds will be used.
       Financial support of industry sector (“Vostokredmet”)
      In the recent years international community’s interest in harmlessing the
Uranium garbages of the Central Asian states is increased. Regional conference in
Bishkek (21-24 april 2009) and in this regard international forum in Jeneva (29 June
2009) on “Uranium garbages in Central Asia: local problems, regional impacts,
international actions”. In the Jeneva forum for donor countries there were certain
proposal for risk-free and covering the garbages but still these projects have not been
financed due to unsufficient information. Therefore the technical support Department
of international atomic energy (MAGATE) dated 24-26 Novermber 2009 (Vienna)
with participation of representatives of Central Asian states has organized a meeting.
In the meeting it was stated that it’s too early to ask donor’s suppot.First of all there
should be studies and monitoring of the garbages.

                                           76
      Therefore for studies of the trash there are projects of 1086555 somoni
proposed for funding from the budget of the Republic. The importance of the tasks in
the projects are that the information will be useful for covering the Uranium waste.
But the project fund according to sectoral instruction on medium term for 2011-2013
is divided by 4 parts (starting from 2010). This is not sufficient for efficiency of
monitoring tasks because the cost of equipments in the project is approximately 600
thousand somoni.
      Discovery-geology tasks in the sphere of industry are (SUE “Jamast”) on
01.05.2010 in the structure of SUE “Jamast” small factories of stone “Anori Darvoz”
(located in Kalai-Khum District), stone shop of “Faroghat” (located in Khorugh city)
and the stone shop of “Anjin” (located in Roshtqal’a district).
The total number of employees in 2009 was 90 people, in 2010 after exploitation of
gold and stone factory of Dangara became 130 people.
       Geology-research works in 2010 will continue in two regions with inventor
figures.
       The geology-research planned for 2011 will be affective in 7 regions:
       Pezooptic crystal mine of “Langar”, “Dalnee” and “Miyondara”;
       Pezoturmalin mine of “Ragai Muzeynay” (Montainous Mastchoh district),
“ragai 86” (Roshtqal’a district);
       “Kuli kalon” Island optical spat mine (in mountainous district of Chemtarga of
Zarafshon range);
       Fluorite optical mine of (Hisor and Murghob districts);
       Soft clay mine of “Kuhi – la’l” of Ishkoshim.
       Funding of capital expenditure of Energy sector.
       According to proposals of the sphere in 2011-2013 for capital expenditure
some money are allocated in budget.
       The funds will be allocated for construction of 2 small HPPs with total capacity
of 1250 kWt/h, 208,7 km power transmission lines and 5 power substations with total
capacity of 2500 kWA according to “long term program of small HPP constructions
in the period of 2008-2020” in the coming 3 years.
       In case of implementing the forecasted funds and execution of tasks the
production of electricity power will increase by 8,5 mln.kWt in 1 year with amount of
656,3 thousand somoni. From reconstruction and exploitation of the electricity
substations and new power transmission lines the expenditures of power technology
will be reducing up to 3,0-3,5% and the volume of electricity to consumers will
increase which will impact in the quality of electricity providing for the republic.
Supply of natural gas
       It should be mentioned that OJS “Tajiktransgas” considering the decrees and
orders of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan on “local gas supply for
consumers of Dushanbe city” has done some excellent works including replacing
more than 3500 meter gas pipes with high pressure of main pipe of Qizil-Tumshuq-
Dushanbe.


                                          77
          Construction of compressor gas station in the territory of Dushanbe city and
    with amount of 350 thousand somoni in other buildings of main pipes some other
    works has been done.
    Scientific research organizations
          Special funds for scientific-research organizations of the Ministry of Energy
    and industry of the Republic are requested in according to “Program for
    implementation of scientific technical findings in industry production of the Republic
    of Tajikistan for 2010-2015” and will be used for funding in 2011-2013 for
    implementation of the following scientific-research works:
    Technology of enriching the phosphorite mine of Qaratogh;
          The technology of producing clay from Kurgovad mine (Darvaz district-
    Western Pamir) for production of aluminum;
          -technology for producing additional active biological materials of Ferusino,
          Ferusino-R, Ferusino-G.
          The aforesaid projects are prepared with feasibility studies of Scientific –
    research organization of “Sanoat” and “Ghizo”.
    Educational organizations:
          -according to advanced plans, budget funds will be allocated for capacity
    building of specialists of energy and industry sphere;
          -Organizing feasibility study and scientific research studies for solving the
    problems of agriculture;
          -educating students according to market economy and competitive world;
          -organizing the all types of capacity building for administrative staff, professor
    and teachers.
    Planned works:
          -full repair of main education buildings, laboratories and hostels of students;
          -equipping all buildings with equipments and other fire execution devices;
          -Considering current funds in the budget of 2011-2013 the ceilings of the
    expenditure of energy fuel complex is mentioned in the following table for 2011-
    2013
                                                      Approved
                                                                  Planned budget in the years of;
                 List of expenditure                   budget

                                                        2010       2011       2012      2013
№                           I                            III        IV          V        VI
1                       CAPEX                         690000,0   890000,0   1150000,0 1322500,0
                       including;
    OSC "HPP Rogun" for completion of
-                                                     650000,0   850000,0   1100000,0 1200000,0
    regulatory fund
2   Financial support of enterprises                   6523,0     6480,0      6850,0       7350,0
    including:
       SUE «Oil gas and coal»(research-geology
-                                                      380,0      380,0       400,0        450,0
    tasks in the sphere of coal)


                                                 78
-     SUE «Jamast» (research-geology tasks)              400,0          400,0        400,0        450,0
       SUE «Oil gas and coal» (research-geology
-                                                        500,0          500,0        500,0        550,0
    tasks in the sphere of coal)
       OSC «Angisht» (financial support of coal
-                                                        300,0          350,0        400,0        450,0
    sphere)
        КВ «Fondi-Yaghnob» (Financical support
-                                                        225,0          250,0        300,0        350,0
                     of coal sphere)
       КФ «Nazar ayloq» (financial support of
-                                                        175,0          180,0        190,0        200,0
    coal sphere)
       КФ «Karer Shurobod» (financial support of
-                                                        243,0          200,0        200,0        250,0
    coal sphere)
-      SUE«Zarya Vostok» Taboshar city                   600,0          600,0        600,0        650,0
       SUE Шрифт «Metal-М» State Unit
-                                                        3200,0     3200,0          3400,0       3500,0
    Enterprise «Factory of Zarya Vostok»
-      SUE «Vostok»                                       200,0      300,0           350,0        400,0
-      SUE Pila                                           300,0      300,0           300,0        300,0
3   State investment programs                           428290,1   270003,2        267331,0     102834,0
    including:
    External funds                                      371353,6   240267,6        231802,0     101250,0
    Government share                                     56936,5    29735,6         34529,0      1134,0

          §2. Transport, communication
          Transport and communication is one of the priority sectors in economic
    development of the Republic and the funding of the sector is from the State budget
    and it is increased annually. The initial budget fund in 2011 was 104, 30 mln. somoni
    and in 2012, 111, 60 mln. somoni and in 2013 , 145,0 mln. Somoni which is equal to
    2,0 percentage of GDP.
          Here we can see the situation of funding of the sphere in the last three years
    (2007-2009) and in three coming years:
    Information on financing roads in 2007-2009
        List of        2007        2007         2008        2008       2009       2009
     expenditure       plan        plan         plan        plan       plan        plan
    Road             22173,0 22173,0          25150,0 25150,0       33000,0 30300,0
    maintenance
    CAPEX            24689,0 35860,0          20000,0 20000,0       23000,0 10100,0
    Total           46862,0      58033,0      45150,0         45150,0       56000,0        40400,0
                              Financing the republican budget for
                                   2011-2013. (mln.somoni)
                                                   2010    2011                 2012         2013
                                                   budget estimate              forecast     forecast
    transport                                      616,30 735,90                786,80       441,40
    Including budget                               97,50 104,30                 111,60       145,00
    Wages                                          12,60 12,60                  14,40        17,60
                                                   79
                                          2010   2011            2012       2013
                                          budget estimate        forecast   forecast
Main administrators 118***** Ministry of 55,55 54,60             57,80      85,00
transport and communication of the
Republic of Tajikistan
Central apparatus of the Ministry of 1,94        2,00            2,50       3,00
transport and communication of the
Republic of Tajikistan
Road maintain organizations               34,00 36,00            38,00      40,00
Transport inspection state agency         2,34   2,50            3,00       3,50
Communication inspection state agency     0,60   0,70            1,00       1,40
Subsidies of the sector                   1,82   1,95            2,10       2,30
Execution bodies of the local governments 24,35 26,10            27,80      30,00
of eh cities and districts
CAPEX                                     17,60 23,60            26,00      30,00
State investment programs                 517,30 315,30          402,80     253,90
Special funds                             1,50   1,70            1,80       1,80
    State loans                           00     314,00          270,60     40,70

    1) The sector budget should be prepared considering priorities of the sector.
       Enterprises and organizations of the transport and communication complex
       of the Republic, act according to decrees and orders which reflect the
       directions of the strategies of the sector and laws and regulations of the
       Government of the Republic of Tajikistan.
       The most important task for the sector is development of the sector, making
       Tajikistan as international transport and communication transit country in all
       directions: construction and renewal of roads and road buildings, attracting
       more internal and external investments for that, development of networks and
       quality of transit services and according to international standards,
       strengthening the technical material base of the organizations and enterprises,
       participate in international service deliveries, implementing structure reforms
       and liberalization of services and other efforts. Based on the aforesaid
       directions in transport complex and future development of the sector, there
       are four priorities identified.
    Priorities of transport and communication sector for 2011-2013.

 Priority 1       Increasing allocation of funds for maintaining road for the
                  purpose of reduction of the gap between technical needs and
                  available funds.
 Priority 2       Increase of funding for capital expenditure in order to give to
                  exploitations the incomplete constructions
 Priority 3       Improve allocation of subsidies for service deliveries to
                                         80
                   privileged people and to population (universal communication
                   services in public transports, railway and civil aviation).
 Priority 4         Increasing maintenance funds for roads from targeted funds for
                   identification tasks of the roads Republican wise.

       At the moment in the Republic there are 1 thousand and 200 km automobile
roads, 14 km tunnels, 5 anti avalanche constructions and 96 bridges.
For construction of highway roads and tunnels 2 billion and 200 mln somoni the
investment projects are implemented. Under which the reconstruction of automobile
road 354 km Dushanbe-Buston-Chanoq is completed this year, constructions and
rehabilitation of automobile roads of Dushanbe-Kigyzstan boarder of 400 km is still
under construction.
       It should be mentioned that regarding the 238 km road of Dushanbe-Chanoq
according to the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan there is a committee
established and it’ is now on the balance of the Ministry of transport and
communication besides there is 5 projects for rehabilitation of the 380 km road.
There are preparatory works going on:
-Dushanbe – Tursunzoda
-Dushanbe –Danghara
-Qurghonteppa-Dusti
-Dusti-Panji Poyon, second phase
-Kulob Qala’ai Khumb
       In general in three coming years the road construction sector is financed 3
billion somoni and it’s planned to facilitate Tajikistan to go out of land locking/
At the moment in the Republic the length of the public roads is 13968 km which
means that after independency 575 km new roads are constructed and are now on the
balance.
       Ассording to statistical information the road network in Tajikistan in 2008 was
26766km, and all roads are state owned.
       The public used roads are all at the balance of the Ministry of Transport and
communication of he Republic of Tajikistan and are 13968 km. These roads make
52,2 % of the network. The roads under the executive bodies of state governments
and other organizations at the local level and other organizations make 12798 km
which is 47,8 % of the total road networks. Ministry should have all the road in it’s
balance and to maintain it. Of course for these additional funds are required.
       The common roads consists of 5298 km republican roads and 8670 km local
roads which have the ration of 37,9% and 62,1 %.
       Republican roads are the main part of common road network that according to
indexation is 17 part of international roads and 86 part of republican roads.
According to approved classification of the roads in the republic 16, 9 km road are 1
category, and the 2 category of the roads make 1,1% of total roads. Apart form this
23,1 percent of the republican roads and 84,1 percent of the roads are local roads and
they belong to category 5.
                                         81
       The republican roads consists of common roads in between of cities and
villages and also the international roads that are important for international road
connections with other countries. The status of the international roads are defined
according to international agreements of the Republic of Tajikistan. Currently 3370,8
km of the republican roads are having this status. Except the foreign investment
through increase of allocation of funds for capital expenditures with aim of
completion of construction and renewal of the buildings which have not completed
constructions according to the decree of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan.
       Republic of Tajikistan on the social-economic development programs of the
republican regions and priority sectors, work plan and orders on the disaster reduction
and the requests of the Majlisi namoyandagon (the house of representatives) and
Majlisi Millii Majlisi Olii (National Assembly) of the Republic of Tajikistan will be
justified.
       It should be mentioned that with foreign investment and the share of the
Government from the 2002 till 2008 approximately 663,8 km of the roads were
renewed and constructed.
       The major part of the railways and the roads of the Republic are requiring total
repair but the total amounts for their repair and maintenance is not sufficient.
Therefore the funds for Capital expenditure that in 2011 is planned 23,6 thousand
somoni and in 2012, 26,0 thousand somoni and in 2013, 30 thousand somoni should
gradually be increased.
The state policies of the sector and Programs for infrastructure development of
transport are:
       a) Infrastructure, energy and industry development will help economy
           development and will result in poverty reduction which is according to the
           main objective of the MTDS (medium term development strategy).
       b) Main parts of Tajikistan infrastructure depends on roads, railways, aviation
           and communication
    One of the objective of the Republic of Tajikistan is to find way out of being a
landlocked country and this will be achieved once the roads are constructed.
    During independency years repair of trains, railways, renewal of parking for
trains, locomotives was conducted but that is not sufficient yet, and doesn’t comply
with international standards for transporting good and people and economic
development of the sector in the market economy conditions
    No doubt that with completion of renewal and constructions in the biggest
buildings of the sector including construction of Murghob-Qulma, Shohon-Zighar,
“Dusti-Panji Poyon” phase 1, renewal of road “Dushanbe-Kyrgizstan boarder” phase
1, Dushanbe –Qurghonteppa-Danghara-Kulob and under that to improve the local
roads of cities and districts of Khatlon province and to exploite them, and to conduct
renewal works and some parts of Dushanbe-CHanoq road which is the fist phase of
the Strateic task of the sector of communication and economic social development of
the counry, which is to break the landlocking situation.

                                          82
    At this moment in the Republic there are 14 investment projects with 616,5 mln
usd for construction and renewal of roads. Disbursement of the fund under these
projects is 419,2 mln usd which is equal to 68 percent of the total size of the
implemented projects.
    The share of the roads as a total size of international transportation and carrying is
less than 5 percent. The reason for that first of all is the limited size of transported
goods and the bad situation of roads in the Republic.
        Therefore gradually increasing of funding for maintaining roads is
recommended.
        The share of state unit enterprise of “Tajik Air” and LLC “Somon Air” in air
transportation of the republic is visible.
        In order to improve the technical base of the aforesaid companies some
activities have been planed SUE of “Tajik Air” has purchased 3 airplanes of Boing
and LLC “Somon Air” has purchased 2 Boings. Currently the flying directions are
increased comperatively and it covers approximately 60 countries of the far and near
states.
        The main problem of the sector first of all is to comply with international
standards the Republican Airports which are currently carried out. From the foreign
and domestic investment there are works for construction of new modern terminal in
Dushanbe airport is started and it is planned to be completed by 20th anniversary of
state independency (9 September 2011) with capacity of 500 clients/h.
        Communication sector.
        Communication is considered as a priority sector and plays an important role in
the paid services market. In implementation of first phase of light-wire Network old
analogical stations are replaced with digital stations fully.
        In communication market wireless constant service is visible. In the scope of
the Republic there are 11 private operators, that make profit 10,1 times more than
national operators.
        c). main infrastructure problems of transport-communication are:
        - Geographical location and the climate of the country (away from the sea,
having separate climate regions) will limit the access to international and national
markets of the country;
        - Insufficient improvement of transit network of the roads in the country and
insufficient level of infrastructures for the roads near boarders;
        - Technical base of transport organizations is not according to international
standards;
        -insufficient access to modern communication and information in the remote
regions of the country;
        d. Considering the aforesaid problems and the objectives of MTDS/PRSP these
are the tasks for development of the infrastructure in the period of 2010-2012:
        - Completion of transit roads in order to develop the international
transportation and carrying;
        -improving the local roads and maintaining village roads;
        -improving and realization of current project and investments;
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        e) Development of international transportation and roads (tasks):
        In order to increase the size of international transportation and carryings the
conditions should be developed and certain solutions should be there. Implementation
of projects on renewal and construction of roads having international importance and
also opening the new international airways under the signed agreements and also
terminal construction projects at the borders.
        f) Improving situation of local roads and maintaining village roads (second
task) aiming at improving business in the villages of the Republic which will help
reduction of poverty. Therefore in the action plan there is improving of road- local
roads and maintaining village roads of the Republic for the betterment of village life.
        g) Infrastructure investment project are very important (task c). That’s directed
to assessment of the construction of roads which will help breaking the regional and
republican land locking. Also support of railway activities of Tajikistan, State
enterprises of the airway sector and national operators of communication services and
improvement of technological base is planned. Construction of roads to Afghanistan
will facilitate access to Iran and Pakistan which will be assessed.
        Till 2012 implementation of certain projects is planned as a result 1632,6 km
roads, 15 km tunnels, more than 100 bridges will be constructed and renewed.
Addition to this for improving the quality of roads and according to international
standards there are serveys of new investment projects prepared and proposed to
internal and external investors.
          § 3. Agriculture complex
       1) Priorities of agriculture sector
       Priorities having national importance for agriculture sector in 2011-2013.
       Anti epizootic activities:
       -development of gardens and grape cultivation in the Republic
       -Development of honey production sector
       -seed developing sector
       -anti grass hopper measures and other insects dangerous for agriculture
      2) State policy in agriculture
      Agriculture state policy aims at improving conditions for financial and political
farms in agrarian sector. Agrarian policy considers increasing efficiency of using
reserves, wise allocation of agriculture production, improving food supply to
population and row material supply to industry, balancing markets with agriculture
production and food, support and protection of good production of agriculture
complex, increasing life level of population in villages is considered.
Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan as a responsible body for
implementation of the state policy in agriculture sector, implementing “Strategic plan
of agriculture sector for 2011-2013” in implementing and discovery directions and to
bring new types of corn seeds to production, discovery new fruitful seeds, grapes,
potatoes, vegetables, bringing new type of animals and to complete their inheriting
quality and to improve their productivity, to improve the production of vaccines and
animal husbandry and other useful drugs. In order to achieve more results of the
sector and to implement it in medium term for 2011-2013 budget support is required.
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      3) Programs
      There are 15 agrarian programs in the strategy of the Ministry of agriculture of
the Republic of Tajikistan including:
      First program. Development the garden and grape sector, and gradual increase
of grape and fruit production and to cultivate fruit trees and always green trees in the
Republic of Tajikistan.
      Development of garden and grape, fruit trees, enriching the internal market of
the country with fruit and grape, increase the export, providing food security for the
country, increasing the life level of population and the poor layer of the people in the
Republic.
       By 1 mln.somoni which was allocated from the republican budget in 2009 in
Mastchoh district 50 hectare, Bokhtar district 30 hectare, and in Darvoz district 20
hectare garden and grape was established.
According to advanced calculations from these gardens in 2015 (first year) 886000
ton fruit is expected and the subsequent years this figure should increase.
       Funding of the program in 2010 is forecasted as 1,5 mln. Somoni.
       According to the decree of the President of the RoT #683, dated 27 August
2009 in 2011-10982 hectare, 2012-8497 hectare and in 2013-7850 hectare garden and
grape should be increased. In Sughd province in 2011-4560, 2012-3730, and 2013-
3300 hectare, in Khatlon province in 2011-5616, 2012-3938 and in 2013-3677
hectare gardens and grapes are planned.
       The annual allocation of funds from the budget is sufficient only for
establishing 100-150 hectare garden. In medium term expenditure framework for
establishing gardens and grapes in 2011-1.5 mln.somoni. 2012-1,5 mln.somoni will
be enough.
       Second program. Fighting disease and insects for 2006-2010. According to
Decree of the GoT #290, dated July 4, 2006 the annual funds from the republican
budget is 1 mln.somoni. Also according to the order of the President in 2007 for
fighting insects especially grasshoppers 3 mln. Somoni was allocated from the
reserve fund of the President in 2008 and 2009 also for the same purpose 3 mln.
somoni was allocated from the republican budget. The useful directions of the
aforesaid program are:
       -protection of garden and grapes, agriculture seeds and grass fields, jangle
community, from insects and grasshoppers.
       -increase the food security and improving the conditions of the country.
       In 2010 in jamoat farms only 677505 hectare land is cultivated out of which
20199 hectare are fall cultivation. From 432362 hectare spring cultivations 118843
hectare was seed cultivation, 207930 hectare technical cultivations including cotton
183465 hectare, vegetable 21491 hectare, vegetable garden 9406 hectare, and
potato13101 hectare is cultivated. Also the garden field in collective farms is 67290
hectare and grape 25164 hectare. Also the losses of insects to grass fields and jangle
farms is one of the possibilities. For protection measures of cultivating fields and
garden and grapes from the diseases, insects and grasshoppers the chemical group of
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insectidsit and akaratsid (for insects) is 375,4 tone, gerbitsid (for grass moving) 633,9
ton and fungitsid (for agriculture disease of gardens and grapes) is 273,6 tone needed
the cost of which in average is approximately 112,0 mln. somoni per year. For food
security and betterment of country conditions it is suggested that in the medium term
framework for 2011-2013 annually the funding of the program from the republican
budget should be 10 mln.somoni.
       This program. Anti epizootic measures.
       This program included enterprise for veterinary and animal husbandry.
       Priorities of he programs are as follow:
       -development veterinary,
       -protection from infection and invasion diseases of the animals and protection
of atmosphere from epizootic situations;
       -protection of veterinary and epizootic, quarantine;
       -setting regulation for veterinary inspections;
       -animal production security.
       In the current year for anti epizootic measure which are approved by the decree
of the Government of the RoT #182, dated April 3,2007 inspection measures,
protection, and treatment of 8 types of animal diseases (brucellosis, TB, burning, and
…..) for all categories of the farms and population which are financed from the
budget, 3 mln.somoni is planned. This forecasted amount is only 18,7% of the
requirement of the sector.
The real requirement of inspection and protection of 8 types of animal diseases
mentioned above in one year are 7855,0 thousand somoni is needed. Allocation of
funds for anti epizootic measures allow in the Republic to have security of people and
animals in sustainable way, the losses of the animal from the infection diseases
Should be provided.
       Therefore in medium term expenditure framework for 2011-2013 annually for
execution of aforesaid program 7855,0 thousand somoni is needed.
Fourth program. Developing bee – farming sector.
       “Rehabilitation program and subsequent development of bee-farming sector in
the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-2010” is approved with the decree of the
Republic of Tajikistan # 338, dated September 1, 2006.
This program includes State unit enterprise for bee-farming “Asali Tajikistan” and
regional bee farms.
       Priorities of the program are as follow:
-subsequent development of the bee-farming sector;
-increase of honey production;
-meeting the requirement of internal and external markets;
- increase of export of quality bee-farming product and clean from ecological point of
view to international markets;
-increase the level of food safety, welfare of the people and providing jobs to
population.
       To implement this program from republican budget in 2006-2007, 150,0
thousand somoni, 2008, 300,0 thousand somoni. 2009. 250 thousand somoni is
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allocated and in 2010, 300,0 thousand somoni is planned. According to the program
the number of bee families during 5 years should have been increased till 1000 family
but during 4 years the number of bee families was increased 1304 only and it’s
planned to increase number of bee families till the end of the program by 1800 bee
family.
       2010 is the closing of the program of “rehabilitation and subsequent
development of bee-farming sector in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2006-2010”.
During 4 years of program the work plan for development of the sector approved by
the Government of Tajikistan was implemented by the Ministry of agriculture of the
Republic of Tajikistan and State unit enterprises of bee-farming of “Asali Tojikison”
in the given time. For subsequent development of the bee-farming sector increase of
honey production, meeting the demand and requirement of international and domestic
markets and creation of new job vacancies for population is worth of support. During
2011-2013 having annually 800,0 thousand somoni from the republican budget the
number of bee families will reach till 200 thousand family, honey production will be
4thousand ton and more than 1000 people will have new jobs.
       Also for export of honey there a quality testing laboratory, cleaning device
felting honey, drying machine for the dust of the flowers and other necessary modern
equipments need to be purchased.
       Also several more programs under the expenditure strategy of the Agriculture
ministry of the Republic of Tajikistan in the medium term expenditure framework in
2011-2013 need more financing. E.G:
       For implementation of Porgram for development on producing better types of
animals approved by the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
dated October1,2007,#501, 2008 from the budget of the republic 200,0 thousand and
in 2009 100,0 thousand somoni is allocated. With this amount 40 points of artificial
pregnancy in the regions, 50 head of small type animals and 17 head big horn animal
was purchased and given to artificial pregnancy farms. Also from the Russian
Federation equipment and devices for artificial pregnancy of the animals was
purchased. Funds of the current program for development of the sector are extremely
low because the implementation of work plan purchasing of new types of animal
and equipment for artificial pregnancy of animal from the abroad is very expensive.
Also considering the price increase for implementation of the program in medium
term expenditure framework for 2011-2013 annual allocation of 500,0 thousand
somoni is sufficient.
       Improving program of gross fields of the Republic for 2009-2015 according to
decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan # 481 dated October 1,2008
the funding form the republican budged annually is 200,0 thousand somoni. Last
year with this amount in 140 hectare grass land of “Somonjon” of Dangara district
3360 kg different useful plant’s seeds like “shibogh”, “izen”,”saksaku” and
“keyruk” was cultivated and thus the quality and better usage of grassland is
guaranteed.
       It should be taken into consideration that the planned amount for betterment
of the grossfields is not sufficient. Therefore for implementation of the program in
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medium term expenditure framework for 2011-2013 and the budget of 2011 annual
expenditure of the program 500,0 thousand somoni is sufficient.
On the basis of the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajiksitan,
November 2, 2007 # 542 on “ Approval of yak-farming development program in the
Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-2015” 150 thousand somoni was allocated and with
this amount from the “Bulunkul” collective of Murghob district 80 head of yaks was
purchased, 10 head of the yaks was given to Khurram farm collective of ishokoshim,
70 head of yaks to collective farm Jirgatol district.
       For development of Yak-farming and implementation of protocol of business
trip of the Head of the Government to the District of Jirgatol for purchasing from
Murgob district 1000 head Yaks annual allocation of 1 mln. Somoni is required.
For development of seed farming increase of agriculture products, supply of internal
and external markets, reducing poverty in the Republic for purchasing cultivation
seeds, wheat and potato in 2009 from the budget of the Republic 6 mln.somoni was
allocated which according to the order of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan #2488, dated 13 february 2009 with this amount from Turkey through
Swiss company “Arda Trade AG” 300 ton CHIGIT of “flora” and “Karmen” was
procured and disseminated to cottonfarmings of the republic . Despite the raining
season of the last year from these two types 22067 ton cotton was produced the
harvest of this was 4.2 centner higher.
       Also the grow of these types of cotton was high and in average 39-40 percent
which in compare to local types 5-6 times is more.
       In the budet of 2010 for purchase of potato seed and oher cults 6 mln.somoni is
planned with this amount purchase of potato seeds from Russian Federation is
planned. Also for implementation of the decree of the Government of Tajikistan #
297, dated 28 March 2009, “on approving the development of the sector program
For 2010-2014” for strengthening the technical –material bases of selection programs
and to complete the system of testing and registering of types, quality inspection
system and certification of the seeds and in this regard preparing young specialists in
2010-2014, 9260,0 thousand somoni is planned the funding of which annually is
1800,0 thousand somoni. According to structure of agriculture seeds in 2010 it is
considered that in 13101 hectore potato will be calculated which in 1 hectore 3,5 ton
seeds will be needed. In total 45856 ton potato seeds with price of 2 somoni 91706, 0
thousand somoni is needed.
       Therefore in medium term expenditure framework for 2011-2013 annual
allocation of 10 mln.somoni is needed. The fish-farming program in the Republic of
Tajikistan for 2009-2015” approved by the Government of the Republic of Tajikisan,
july 2, 2008 #306 in 2009 from the republican budget 200 thousand somoni was
allocated and more than 266 thousand small fished of a good type was purchased
from the fish-farming of A       .Jomi district . Also from this amount some fish-
farming equipments were boutht. Till the approval of the program in the Republic
there was 8 fish farmings which were producing 225 ton fish . Till this period there
was 56 fishing farm as a result of good fishes in 2009 was 594 ton. In 2009 in Norak
resrvour state fish-farming collective was established with the support of Food
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organization of UN new techniques of fish farming with new technologies for farrel
in cage has been released.
       Also with financial support of UN Food program for the first time in SUE
“Mohii Tojikiston” more than 15 mln “kirminamohi” type of fish was produced. The
hours-farming program in the Republic of Tajikistan for 2009-2016 with decree of
the Government of Tajikistan dated 31 December 2008 # 662 was approved. For
implementation of the program 250 thousand somoni from the budget is planned.
From this amount there is expected to buy new types of horses,” zoti”, “toychahoi
zoti” and also the state book of tajik type of horse will be published.
       According to the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
December 2, 2003, # 515 “on establishing republican biotechnology center of
animals” 1200 thousand somoni from the budget was allocated in 2004-2009. With
this amount administration buildings of the farm, building of animal farming and
pilot buildings were repaired. Also 313 head of sheep of tajik types and hisori type,
70 head of horn animals of siyohalo and shvitsuzebu like types. Laboratory
equipments, farming technologies (tractors for cultivation of lands and cutting grass
KIR01, 5) chemical materials, animal doctors, device for producing nitrogen were
purchased. Laboratory for establishing the sperm bank was established. In this period
scholars produced 1000 sperm of big animals and 210 sperm of sheep of tajik type
and hisori type frozen.
       With the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan #586, dated
October 2009 “on approval of Program on development of cotton farming in the
Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-2014” was approved. The objective of this program
was to establish policies and strategies of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan on rehabilitation and development of cotton farming sector the
implementation of which should allow the cotton sector to improve into competitive
level. In order to implement the program 1260,0 thousand somoni is allocated from
the budget of 2010-2014 annually for rehabilitation of agrochemical laboratories and
equipments for establishing bio laboratories. But the amount is not sufficient.
Considering the increase of prices and considering the rehabilitation and development
of cotton farming sector the funding of this program in medium term expenditure
framework for 2011-2013 annually to be financed 3 mln will be sufficient.
       In order to purchase technologies and machineries through leasing according to
the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajiksitan # 597 dated 30.11.2007
State Unit Enterprise “Tojikagroleasing” is established. In the period of 2008-2009 to
This enterprise 11500,0 thousand somoni was allocated from the republican budget.
For the purposeful usage of funds and to supply with machineries the agriculture with
this amount technology for agriculture was purchased. For instance 84 tractor MTZ,
100 cultivating device of the tractor L-108, 14 –peace machine of KNN-2B for
harvesting potato, 60 peace cultivator KKHU-4B and one peace grass cutter. 18
peace tractor of “Tojiron” model,10 peace graders, 10 peace streaming excavator was
purchased.
       Also from leasing actions in 2008-2009, 24 peace of technical service centers
in the districts of the Republic was established and new jobs were created. For supply
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the farms in future with technologies and machineries 3500 thousand somoni is
needed.
       In the budget plan of 2010 the main centralized indicators financed from the
state budget funds for the Ministry of Agriculture is 350,0 thousand somoni. Only for
completion of the buildings according to the decree of the Government of Republic of
Tajikistan# 515 dated 2 December 2003 “Construction and renewal of Republican
biotechnical Center of animals of Rudaki district” 822,0 somoni, #352 dated august
4,2004 “in Darband city of Nurobod construction of agrciultue office with amount of
800,0 thousand somoni and research veterinary institute the cost of which is 500,0
thousand somoni”,#450 dated august 31,2007 “Animal doctor station with laboratory
in Shahrinaw” the cost of which is 600,0 thousand,#399 dated august 13,2008 “on
socio economic development program of Mastchoh district of Sughd province for
2008-2015”, which has 3 articles including cleaning of the opened and closed streams
127 km of the farms, also organizing of gardens and grapes in the scope of 600
hectare of non used lands through Ministry of Agriculture are finance from the
republican budget and other buildings needed for production are under construction
and in 2010 there should be 2mln.50 thousand somoni allocated from the budget.
In total Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan for timely execution of
decrees of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and work plan of the
Ministry in medium term expenditure framework for 2011-2013 needs for the
following funding. In 2011-1497,0 thousand, 2012-1600,0 thousand and 2013-1590,0
thousand somoni.
       In general execution of Agriculture Sector Program in medium term needs
funds as follow: in 2011-46702 thousand somoni, 2012-46805,0 thousand somoni
and in 2013-46845,0 thousand somoni .
Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Tajikistan for development of sectors,
implementation of work plan approved by the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan suggests the aforesaid programs to be supported.
      4) Melioration and water resources
      Stable development of the Republic of Tajikistan as in other countries depends
on result base use of water, land, mineral, energy and human potential. Rich water
resources, hydro energy, recreational and limited land reserves determining existence
and economic developments of the state.
      Melioration sphere includes water resources of Tajikistan water fund, hydro
technical buildings, which provide regulation and dissemination of regional flow of
the water, rehabilitation of water resources, protection buildings from the negative
impact of the water, complex technological-biology buildings, hygiene usage of
water, cleaning and rebinding of flowing waters.
      Main users of water are agriculture, water supply for population for drinking and
production the main user of hydro energy, which determines the national
development strategy of Tajikistan.
      Development of melioration and water resources, specially water cultivation
depends on financial institutes who influences on water reserve management and

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provision of normative legal acts. Main indicators of activities of institutes are the
size of reserve shares and investment in the annual budget of water sector.
      Development of Melioration and water reserves depends on financial support.
The possibilities of financing from the state budget, refinancing of waste collectives,
farmers and the Associations using water are very limited. There are problems in
getting credit loans.
      Due to implementation of Program for purchasing mechanism and transports,
use, repair and construction of dams, costs strengthening works, rehabilitation of high
pressure pipes, improving melioration situation of lands, taking newly irrigated lands,
supply population with drinking water depends on stable financing.
      5)Priorities of Melioration program and water reserves of the Republic of
Tajikistan. (procurement of mechanisms and transportations. Mechanisms and
transportations which are in the balance of enterprises subordinated to the Ministry of
melioration and reserves of water of the Republic of Tajikistan, time of their use is 3-
4 times more than standards and their consumption period is expired (period of using
mechanism and transports according to producers standard is not more than 10 years).
From Ministry and Its subordinated bodies mechanism and technologies were
received for the last time 20 years back and their issue date is1991. According to
standard during 20 years the capital repair of mechanisms and transports has not been
done which resulted in technology to be useless.
      Activities of the Ministry depends on availability of the mechanisms and
technology modern technology. For developing sector for timely execution of works,
construction and installation works, cleaning and rehabilitating of irrigational
networks the necessity of purchasing new mechanism is there and new modern
technologies.
      6) Using, repair and construction of dams, strengthening the costs in the rivers
of Tajikistan. Cleaning of streams. Each year as a result of raining, floods will have
it’s negative impact on the economy of the country. Absence of construction of coast
strengthening and dams in major rivers of Tajikistan causes damages to householders
and dwellers and damages the cultivating farms as well. The most disastrous thing is
that there are life losses as a result of disasters. This type of disaster are observed in
all regions of the republic. Raining some time reach 20 000 ml/year. The tendency of
frost in one year is 7-8 times.
      In order to reduce damages annually there are coast and dam strengthening
works done. Multiyear analyses show that, these type of disasters happen every year
and to cover the damages huge amounts are spent. Therefore it’s better to take curing
measures and to reduce to the minimum the damages of disasters.
      In the Republic of Tajikistan the dwelling places and the lands are located on the
mountains sites. In many places there are constructions made to stop floods but each
year these constructions suffer and need cleaning and rehabilitation works.
Unfortunately due to lack of funding there are not cleaning works conducted and it
causes many dangers as a result regions and agriculture complexes suffer a lot of
damages.

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     “Improving supply of clean water to the population of the Republic of Tajikistan
program for 2008-2020” is approved by the decree of the Government of the
Republic of Tajikistan dated December 2,# 514.
Republic of Tajikistan has 7,0 mln population and rich water resources but supply
and access of population of villages to clean water is at low level.
Analysis show that in order to improve clean water supply to these measures mast be
taken:
       -construction of separate network for supply of clean water in villages;
       -rehabilitation works, renewal and broadening the centralized system of supply
of clean water to cities and villages on basis of projects;
       -Reducing water waste in the cities and internal pipes, in the houses;
       -introducing effective calculation of water;
       -reforming water supply services, introducing traffic policies;
       -increasing quality of water filtering according to state standards, supply and
protection of hygiene of the resources of water and clean water reservoirs;
       -preparation of “State standard on clean water”;
       -in order to complete managing, technical usage of them, reforms in the
drinking water supply, implementation of tariff policy;
       -solving the issue of water losses in the drinking water network, installing
meters for water for each consumer;
       As a resource of drinking water supply in Tajikistan mainly the underground
and surface waters are used. Part of resources of drinking water of Qurghonteppa,
KHatlon province are waters, have amplitude of (15-22 mg.eqv/l) and high minerals
(10g/l).
       As a result of changes in the life the cooperation between enterprises is lacking
and it has negative impact on drinking water supply. One of the main causes of
backwardness in these regard is lack of conditions, expiring of usage period of water
producing instruments.
       “Improving melioration conditions of watered lands of agriculture of the
Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-2014” is approved by the decree of the Government
of the Republic of Tajikistan, dated October 31 2009,# 612.
Purpose of preparation of the Program is improving melioration conditions of
watered lands of agriculture, increasing efficiency of land and harvest and requires
solution of the following issues:
       -providing closed streams and cleaning them with special cleaning machines;
       -rehabilitation works, renewal and melioration stations, vertical drying shafts;
       -reducing losses of water in magistral rivers and internal water networks;
       -continuous supply of electricity during the year for melioration stations and
       vertical drying shafts;
       -in magisterial rivers the repair of water dissemination points in;
       -efficient use of water of streams and correct calculation of it in magisterial
       rivers, internal network and keep it continuously in technical situation;
       -using the soldish lands according to regulations and instructions;

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       “Program of rehabilitation of high pressure pipes in pumping stations of the
Ministry of melioration and water resources of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2010-
2015” approved by the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, April
29, 2009, #235.
       In the Republic of Tajikistan from 743 ton hector watered lands more than
48,5% are watered with the help of pumps many of which are made in 1958-1977 and
at the moment the expiry date of those stations is 2-4 times and they became old and
useless.
       There are no sufficient funds to replace the old and expired equipments. To
import the high pressure modern pipes with internal and foreign funding is needed.
Due to high financial demand the subordinated organizations of the ministry of
Melioration and water resources of the Republic of Tajikistan is not capable to
replace the high pressure pipes. In this regard the high pressure pipes of pumping
stations are included in this Program which are in emergency situations and the fields
related to them are in dire need of melioration therefore the pumps should be replaced
urgently.
       In order to replace the high pressure pipes in the pumping stations solving the
following issues are needed:
-complete the rehabilitation and renewal works in pumping stations for watering the
agriculture lands on the basis of project;
 -reduction of water losses in magisterial canals and internal pipes;
-introducing careful calculation and efficient use of water and saving of water;
-for management completion purposes, technical usage of them reforms in water
sector;
-repair of water dissemination points, effective use of water for irrigation, drinking
water and electric power;
-regular supply of pumping station, with electricity power.
       Decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan dated December 26,
2008 # 620 “on amendments to the decree of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan dated November 30, 2007 # 589”.
       According to Plan reclamation of newly irrigative lands in 2008-2012
reclamation of 2452 hectare land with amount of 48724,0 thousand somoni including
investment funds-37456,0 thousand somoni and from the centralized budget-11268,0
thousand somoni is planned. In 2011 reclamation of 550 hectare land with amount of
12230,0 thousand somoni including investment-9784,0 thousand somoni and from
the centralized budget-2446,0 thousand somoni, in 2012 reclamation of 685 hectare
land with amount of 1238,0 thousand somoni including investment -9424,0 thousand
somoni and from the centralized budget 2956,0 thousand somoni if planned.
Reclamation of 2452 hectare newly irrigated lands and entering them in the turnover
of agriculture will allow creation of 9800 jobs in the Republic. It will result in
poverty reduction of population.
       Development of melioration and water resources will result in stable supply of
food through regular increase and stable size of efficiency of harvest, increase of

                                         93
revenues and employment of population, also protection of natural reserves, which is
directed in development.
One of the main tasks of the Ministry of Melioration and water resources of the
Republic of Tajikistan is reclamation of new lands which will result in broadening of
agriculture lands, domestic agriculture product grow and creation of new jobs.
Therefore there are certain Programs for reclamation of new irrigative lands which
will be prepared and approved by the decree of the Government of the Republic of
Tajikistan.
       The financial requirement of the Ministry of Melioration and water resources
from the main centralized funds for construction of melioration sites (reclamation of
new irrigative lands, rehabilitating of vertical shafts, improving the melioration
condition of the lands, coast strengthening and others) in 2011-37,12 mln.somoni,
2012-40,9 mln somoni in 2013-42,8 mln somoni. Therefore kindly ask you to
consider these findings while preparing the medium term expenditure framework for
2011-2013 and draft of state budget for 2011.
Table 1: the necessary funds from the republican and local budget for sector priority
in 2011-2013. (somoni)

№                         Priorities                      2011с.      2012с.      2013с.
    Procurement of mechanisms and transports.
1   From the republican budgets                          1 500 000   1 500 000   1500 000
    Total                                                1 500 000   1 500 000   1500 000
    Use, repair and construction of dams and coast
    strengthening in
2   The rivers of Tajikistan. Cleaning canals            2000 000    3 000000    2000000
    From the republican funds                            2 000 000   3000000     2000000
    Total

    “ Program of improving drinking water supply to
3   population of the Republic of Tajikistan for 2008-
    2020”approved by the decree of the GoT, December
    2,2006 #514.
    From republican budget                               2752660     2333660     2333660
    From local budget                                    2501770     2777885     2973645
    Total                                                6254430     7111545     7307305
    “Program of imporving melioration condition of
    irrigative agriculture lands of the Republic of
    Tajikistan for 2010-2014”, approved by the GoRoT
4   October 31,2009 #612.
    From republican budget
    From local budget                                    9747000     9817500      915500
    Total                                                3490000     3392000     3385000
                                                         5584000     5427000     5416000

                                               94
    “Program of rehabilitation of high pressure pipes in
    pumping stations of the Minsitry of Melioration and
    water resources of the Republic of Tajikistan for
5   2010-2015”, approved by the GoRoT April 29,2009
    # 235.
    From republican budget
    Total                                                  3000000     3403300     4444000
                                                           3000000     3403300     4444000
    Reclamation of new irrigative lands. Decree of the
    GoRoT, December 26,2008 #620 “on amending of
6   the Decree of the GoRoT dated November
    30,2007,# 589”
    From republican budget
    Total                                                  1 446 000   1 956 000
                                                           1 446 000   1 956 000       -
    Total                                                  28 437430   30 958230   20 525450
    including:
    from republican budget                                 20 445660   22 010460   11 193160
    from local budgets                                     7 991 770    8947770     9332290
       Justification of usage of budgetary funds which are allocated for
implementation of the priority programs of the sphere. (Purchase of machinery and
transportation).
       It is worth mentioning that the agricultural activity of the Ministry depends
directly on the availability of machinery and technical equipment. Further
development of the sphere in order to carry out the construction works and assembly
operations, refining and recovery work requires the purchasing of modern machinery
and technical equipment.
       For covering the minor needs of the sphere the purchase of excavators and
bulldozers of different models, 20-tonne trailers, dump trucks and load lifting
mechanisms is of primary importance.
       Maintenance, repairs and construction of dams and shore protection in the
rivers of Tajikistan. Cleaning of streams.
       On the basis of the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan
from 27th August 2008 №98-f 21263 meters of defensive dams and 51 watermills to
the sum of 30137,0 thousand somoni were transferred to the balance of the Ministry
of melioration and water resources of Tajikistan.
       In addition, by the Centre of management of project “Restoration of agriculture
of Tajikistan” in the area Mir Sayid Ali Hamadoni were constructed 4,8 km of
defensive dams, 24 watermills and 10 km of canal Dehqonobod to the amount of
22,22 million somoni that are transferred to the balance of the Ministry according to
the decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan from 30th June 2007
№57-f.
       In general by these organizations during the years 2004-2007 – 26063 meters
of defensive dams, 75 watermills and 10 km of canal Dehqonobod to the sum of
52357,0 thousand somoni were constructed and brought into operation that for their
                                               95
preservation according to defined norms of wearing capacity it is necessary to
allocate every year 4,55 percent of means from the general parity value.
       It is necessary to note that for lack of control upon the pitching 5,29 km of
defensive dams and 15 watermills to the amount of 6243,0 thousand somoni
constructed by the state-run enterprise “Centre for coordination of the projects on
prevention of natural disasters” ran out of service.
       Thereby, in concordance with the regulation of the Ministry of finance about
the restoration and preservation of the main facilities №86 from 5th September 1997
with the aim of maintenance and repairing of defensive dams of rivers to the amount
of 4,55 percent from the parity value must be provided.
       § 4. The sphere of land management and geodesy.
       The State Committee of land management and geodesy of the Republic of
Tajikistan is a central executive body and is responsible according to its authority for
elaboration and implementation of the integrated state policy in the sphere of
relations connected with the state works of land management, land cadastre, land-
surveying, aerospace, cartography, registration of real estate and rights to it, state
control of exploitation and protection of land, state control of land-surveying and
cartography.
       In its activity the Committee is guided by the Constitution of the Republic of
Tajikistan, the Code of land of the Republic of Tajikistan, the laws of the Republic of
Tajikistan “About the land managing”, “About geodesy and cartography”, “About the
registration of real estate and rights to it”, other laws of the Republic of Tajikistan,
decisions of Majlisi Oli (Parliament) of the Republic of Tajikistan, orders and decrees
of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan, decisions and decrees of the
Government of the Republic of Tajikistan, international acts acknowledged by the
Republic of Tajikistan.
       According to the defined activity the Committee has the following authority:
       - elaboration of the draft laws, other legal acts of the Republic of
Tajikistan on the issues concerning the field of activity of the Committee;
       - independent adoption of the legal acts and decisions related to the
defined field of the activity;
       - the accomplishment of tasks of the state customer and performer of
the works on planning and exploration, research engineering and other works related
to land reforms, land managing, promotion of the state cadastre of land, land
monitoring, topographic and geodesic works, aerospace, cadastre, topographic works
and registration of real estate and rights to it;
       - realization of state control of exploitation and protection of land, state
geodesic control;
       - promotion of land managing works, state cadastre of land, conduction
of monitoring of land, registration of real estate and rights to it, topographic and
geodesic works, aerospace, topographic and cadastre works;
       - accomplishment of works on inventory of all groups of lands,
disclosure of unused lands and proposing on the establishment of special land fund
for redistribution of it;
                                          96
       - participation in elaboration and realization of state programs
concerning regulation of relations connected with land, land reforms, exploitation
and protection of land, state works of topography and geodesy, aerospace,
topography and registration of real estate and rights to it;
       - improvement and development of economic methods of lands
resources managing, providing of conditions for equal development of new types of
farms;
       - state registration of right to the exploitation of land;
       - provision of economic sphere and defense complex of republic with
topographic, geodesic and cartographic production and aerospace, cadastre and other
materials;
       - participation in and conduction of works on delimitation and
demarcation of national boundary;
       - identification and restoration of administrative boundaries of
provinces, cities, areas, towns and villages;
       - restoration and repeated identification of geodesic facilities and
points, including installation of permanent stations with the aim of usage of global
positioning system;
       - organization, usage and keeping in secret the integrated state
coordinate system according to the requirements of the legislation of the Republic of
Tajikistan;
       - organization of special geodesic channels for land managing,
cadastre and other works;
       - inventory, restoration, repairs and control of preservation of geodesic
points in the territory of republic;
       - compilation and publication of topographic maps and other maps and
atlases;
       - realization of activity on giving names to geographic construction
sites;
       - making proposals to the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan,
local authority or court on abolition of acts that contradict the land legislation;
       - fulfillment of international commitments of the Republic of
Tajikistan in the field of regulation of relations connected with land managing, land
cadastre, topographic and geodesic works, cartography, cadastre and registration of
real estate and rights to it that are acknowledged according to the established order;
       - cooperation with ministries and agencies on issues of elaboration and
participation in the national geoecological programs, prognostication and monitoring
of natural and anthropogenic extraordinary phenomena on the basis of usage of
aerospace materials and distance instruments;
       - research of natural resources by remote viewing of the Earth,
participation in the aerospace programs of the Commonwealth of Independent States
on remote viewing of the Earth;
       - establishment of inventory regions;
       - realization of integrated state policy in the field of registration of real
                                         97
estate and rights to it on the basis of active legal acts;
       - state registration of agreements on mortgage of real estate;
       - making of an integrated state inventory of real estate and rights to it;
       - organization of the integrated system of registration of real estate and
rights to it in electronic system;
       - determination of amount, order, term and types of payment for giving
information on land managing, land cadastre, topographic, geodesic, aerospace,
cartographic, cadastre information and registration of real estate and rights to it;
       - elaboration and realization of programs on preparation, training and
improvement of specialization of cadres.
       1) Economic indicators of the field.
       Sustainable development of Tajikistan like other countries depends on
effective and reasonable use and protection of land and other resources. In article 13
of the Constitution of the Republic of Tajikistan it is said: Land, its entrails, water,
airspace, flora and fauna, and other natural resources shall be owned by the state, and
the state guarantee their effective use in the interests of the people.
       From the aspect of economic development Republic of Tajikistan is considered
as agro-industrial country. In this connection every citizen of republic should use
every space of land reasonably, completely and effectively and guarantee its
protection.
       Therefore land and underground resources are the existence and economic
development of the country.
       On initiative of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan Emomali Rahmon
concerning promotion of agricultural sector and its escape from deep economic crisis,
with the aim of reduction of poverty level of people in the country and especially
bringing of land use into compliance with the requirements of time and market
relations was proposed a number of measures which are being implemented step by
step.
       For the purpose of effective use of land and water resources, strengthening of
economic production in the field of agriculture, was signed the decree of the
President of the Republic of Tajikistan from 25th June 1996 №522 “About the reforms
of agricultural organizations and enterprises” which created basis for conduction of
land reforms and growth of standard of life of citizens and the regulations of reforms
which was confirmed by this decree provided important conditions for renovation of
agricultural organizations and enterprises.
       It is necessary to note that on the basis of Land code of the Republic of
Tajikistan and decree of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan from 22nd June
1998, №1021 “About realization of right to use of land” confirming document on
right to use of land is the Certificate of right to use of land. Thus all landowners,
including farms, personal subsidiary farms, areas of land for gardening, subsidiary
farms owned by ministries and agencies, buildings, areas near houses and other types
of farms must have documents confirming right to use of land and they are obliged to
use land according to the established purpose.

                                          98
       Moreover, according to the decision of the Government of Tajikistan from
March 2010 Committee is charged with tasks on registration of real estate and rights
to it.
       Development of field of land managing and geodesy depends on financial
provision. The possibilities of financing from the state budget and from funds of
accounts of Committee are very limited. At present purchasing of guaranteed bank
loans creates a lot of problems.
       Therefore implementation of the proposed programs in the direction of
purchase of equipment and machinery, topographic and geodesic materials,
conduction of cadastre works, farm land managing, appraisal, price of land,
legalization, registration and others depends on sustainable financing.
       2) Information on the priority programs of land managing and geodesic
fields in the Republic of Tajikistan. Purchase of equipment and machinery and
topographic and geodesic materials.
       Equipment and machinery, from among tacheometers, GPS, scanners and
plotters, cartographic facilities and others which exist in the balance of the State
Committee of land managing and geodesy of the Republic of Tajikistan and its
structures, are expired and run out of work and now instead of them new equipment
is being produced. Most of equipment is used for more than 15 years that further its
usage is impossible. For completing of the sphere with modern equipment and
instrument enormous funds are necessary. For example to purchase one equipment of
GPS-1200 50 or 70 thousand dollars are necessary. Thus for production geodesic
materials, maps and others it is necessary to purchase on factory of production of
maps that requires 4 million somoni. Provision with equipment, instruments and
materials for further promotion of the sphere is becoming real basis.
       “Program of improvement of conditions of work and activity of the land
managing and geodesic field worker in years 2011-2013”
       For the purpose of providing good conditions of work and activity for the
worker of the field the construction of administrative building of the Committee and
ILT “Fazo” is continued. In order to completely finish the construction and
connecting works in the given building 4 million somoni are required. In addition, in
all 65 cities and areas of republic, Mountainous Autonomous Region of Badakhshon,
regions of Sughd and Khatlon and area of Kulob work the Committees on land
managing which lack administrative buildings. Thus it is proposed that in future
during one year at least administrative buildings in three areas be constructed. In
three years 1,6 million somoni of additional funds are necessary.
       Legalization of right to use of land, guaranteeing of citizens with Certificate of
right to use of land, state registration of real estate and right to it in further years will
bring to replenishment of state budget.
       In the first step of beginning of works of state registration of real estate and
right o it for purchase of equipment, main means and training of specialists funds of
more than 12 million somoni are necessary. According to the finished works in this
direction in former Soviet countries and developed countries these funds in short term
are completely covered and additional funds enter the budget of republic.
                                             99
      According to decisions of the Government of Tajikistan, orders and decrees of
the President of the Republic of Tajikistan and acting documents the State Committee
on land managing and geodesy is charged with quite important tasks. For realization
of plans and instructions on carrying out of the farm inventory, promotion of works
on control and protection of land, restoration, repairs, protection and control of
geodesic points, establishment of integrated state coordinate system, geobotanic
works of pastures, conduction of evaluation of land, full-scale research of sand and
thereupon increasing of life standard of people, reduction of poverty level funds of
more than 12 million somoni are necessary. Conduction of the abovementioned
works will bring to development of agriculture of republic, promotion of the field of
land managing, geodesy and cartography, enhancement of productivity of labour.
      These measures also will facilitate to the enrichment of budget of republic and
thereupon enhancement of life standard and reduction of poverty level and resolution
of problems of state boundary with the frontiers of other neighboring states.
       Table 1. Necessary funds from the republic budget for the realization of
            field priorities for the years 2011-2013            (somoni)


  n      Priorities                                        2011       2012          2013




          For conduction of land managing works,
          land cadastre, farm land managing, sand        3600 000                 4100 000
  1                                                                  4000 000
            research, land evaluation and others


          Legalization of right to use of additional     350 000                   450 000
                                                                     400 000
  2              personal land of citizens
               State registration of real estate
  3                                                      1000 000    1300 000     1400 000
                       and rights to it
                   Topographic, geodesic
  4                                                      2460 000    2640 000     2706 000
                  and cartographic works
  5       Boundary demarcation and delimitation           200 000    200 000       200 000
            Providing of working conditions for
  6        workers: construction of administrative       2200 000    1700 000     1700 000
                  buildings and facilities
          Purchase of equipment, items, machinery
  7                                                      2400 000    2600 000     3000 000
              and stock, transtport and others

                            Total                        12210 000   1284000      13556 000




                                                   100
                                                                                                                                                                   Supplement 1

                                Macroeconomic indicators, incomes of state budget final limit of its purchasing on fields for years 2011-2013                   million somoni

                                                                              2010                                                 Prospect
                         Indicators                             Established      Prediction of                  2011/2010                2012/2011                  2013/2012
                                                                                                    с. 2011                   с. 2012                 с. 2013
                                                                  budget        accomplishment                     (%)                      (%)                        (%)
Gross domestic product                                               24 500,0           25 300,0     30 180,0          23     36 650,0          21    44 790,0             22
  Increase of nominal GDP                                                18,8               22,7         19,3                     21,4                    22,2
 Increase of real GDP                                                     5,0                5,1          6,5                      7,0                      7,2
 Inflation                                                                9,0                9,0          9,0                      7,5                      6,5
 Deflator of GDP                                                       12,0%              16,7%        12,0%                    13,5%                   14,0%
 Rate of national currency with respect to 1 USD                         5,00               4,50         4,80                     5,10                    5,60
Total volume of incomes of state budget                               6 536,4            6 736,2      7 724,0          18      9 350,5          21    10 379,0             11
                                 with % with respect to GDP              26,7               26,6         25,6                     25,5                    23,2
including:
 Program of state investments                                         1 141,3            1 141,3      1 094,3         -4,1     1 299,6          19       779,2            -40
 State loan                                                             301,3              301,3        274,6           -9       242,2          -12       38,0            -84
 Special funds of budgetary organizations                               283,8              283,6        370,1          30        501,2          35       644,2             29
Current incomes with grants                                           4 810,0            5 010,0      5 985,0          24      7 307,6          22     8 917,7             22
                                 with % with respect to GDP              19,6               19,8         19,8                     19,9                    19,9
General expenditure of State budget – total                           6 781,5            6 781,3      8 025,0          18        9 536          19      10 624             11
                                 with % with respect to GDP              27,7               26,8         26,6                     26,0                    23,7
including:
 - Budget                                                             5 055,1            5 055,1      6 286,1          24      7 492,8          19     9 162,8             22
                                 with % with respect to GDP              20,6               20,0         20,8                     20,4                    20,5
    including:
      - Wages fund                                                    1 143,1            1 143,1      1 527,8          34        1 954          28       2 455             26
                                 with % with respect to GDP               4,7                4,5          5,1                      5,3                      5,5
       - Main expenditure                                             1 260,7            1 260,7      1 480,0          17      1 774,6          20     2 015,2             14
                                 with % with respect to GDP       5,1           5,0       4,9             4,8             4,5
- Program of state investments                                1 141,3     1 141,3     1 094,3    -4   1 299,6   19     779,2    -40
                                 with % with respect to GDP       4,7         4,5         3,6               4              2
- State loan                                                   301,3          301,3    274,6     -9    242,2    -12     38,0
                                 with % with respect to GDP       1,2           1,2       0,9             0,7             0,1
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     283,8          283,6    370,1    30     501,2    35     644,2    29
                                 with % with respect to GDP       1,2           1,1       1,2              1               1
1. State authority and management bodies                       470,2          470,2    546,6    16     649,2    19     786,8    21
                                 with % with respect to GDP       1,9           1,9       1,8             1,8             1,8
     including:
     - Budget                                                  367,7          367,7    454,2    24     549,5    21     669,3    22
                                 with % with respect to GDP       1,5           1,5       1,5             1,5             1,5
     including:
       - Wages fund                                            126,7          126,7    164,4    30     190,0    16     229,5    21
        - Main expenditure                                      13,8           13,8     12,0    -13     13,0     8      17,7    36
 Program of state investments                                   63,4           63,4     34,3    -46     36,2     6      47,9    32
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                      39,1           39,1     58,2    49      63,5     9      69,6    10
2,3 Defense and law enforcement bodies                         599,9          599,9    673,5    12     808,2    20     923,3    14
                                 with % with respect to GDP       2,4           2,4       2,2             2,2             2,1
     including:
     - Budget                                                  534,2          534,2    601,7    13     722,0    25     866,4    20
                                 with % with respect to GDP       2,2           2,1       2,0             2,0             1,9
     including:
       - Wages fund                                            236,0          236,0    232,8     -1    287,7    24     351,6    22
        - Main expenditure                                        9,4           9,4     11,0    17      12,1    10      13,9    15
 Program of state investments                                     0,0           0,0       0,0             0,0             0,0
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                      65,7           65,7     71,8     9      86,2    20      56,9    -34
Social fields, total:                                         2 747,5     2 747,5     3 429,9   25    4 159,5   21    5 079,1   22
                                 with % with respect to GDP     11,2           10,9     11,4     1      11,3            11,3

                                                                        102
    including:
    - Budget                                                 2 447,1     2 447,1     3 021,9   23    3 683,1   22    4 459,2   21
                                with % with respect to GDP     10,0            9,7     10,0            10,0            10,0
    including:
      - Wages fund                                            725,3          725,3    906,5    25    1 070,1   18    1 299,4   21
       - Main expenditure                                     266,6          266,6    276,4      4    273,5     -1    286,0     5
 Program of state investments                                 133,8          133,8    182,6    36     140,4    -23    118,6    -16
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                    166,6          166,6    225,5    35     336,0    49     501,3    49
4. Education                                                 1 068,3     1 068,3     1 376,1   29    1 702,1   24    2 092,6   23
                                with % with respect to GDP       4,4           4,2       4,6             4,6             4,7
    including:
    - Budget                                                  901,1          901,1   1 075,7   19    1 328,1   23    1 593,1   20
                                with % with respect to GDP       3,7           3,6       3,6             3,6             3,6
    including:
      - Wages fund                                            474,8          474,8    620,8    31     746,5    20     907,8    22
       - Main expenditure                                     130,7          130,7    140,0      7    155,0    11     180,0    16
 Program of state investments                                  46,3           46,3     97,4    110     69,6    -29     43,1    -38
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                    120,9          120,9    203,0    68     304,4    50     456,5    50
5. Health                                                     403,8          403,8    484,7    20     567,3    17     684,3    21
                                with % with respect to GDP      1,6            1,6      1,6             1,5             1,5
    including:
    - Budget                                                  330,6          330,6    417,9    26     502,9    20     606,7    21
                                with % with respect to GDP       1,3           1,3       1,4             1,4             1,4
    including:
      - Wages fund                                            206,4          206,4    238,4    16     266,7    12     322,7    21
       - Main expenditure                                      26,7           26,7     28,7      7     30,0     5      36,3    21
 Program of state investments                                  63,0           63,0     51,3    -19     41,2    -20     42,8     4
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     10,2           10,2     15,5    52      23,3    50      34,8    50
6. Social protection of population                           1 061,7     1 061,7     1 260,7   19    1 517,3   20    1 849,7   22

                                                                       103
                                with % with respect to GDP       4,3           4,2       4,2             4,1             4,1
    including:
    - Budget                                                 1 008,6     1 008,6     1 229,2   22    1 489,4   21    1 816,9   22
                                with % with respect to GDP       4,1           4,0       4,1             4,1             4,1
    including:
      - Wages fund                                             14,5           14,5     14,5     0      18,0    24      22,0    22
       - Main expenditure                                        7,7           7,7       7,7    0        8,5   10        9,7   14
 Program of state investments                                  23,1           23,1     31,5    36      27,9    -11     32,7    17
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     30,0           30,0
8. Culture and sport                                          213,7          213,7    308,4    44     372,8    21     452,5    21
                                with % with respect to GDP       0,9           0,8       1,0             1,0             1,0
    including:
    - Budget                                                  206,8          206,8    299,1    45     362,6    21     442,5    22
                                with % with respect to GDP        1             1        1,0             1,0             1,0
    including:
      - Wages fund                                             29,6           29,6     32,8    11      38,9    19      46,9    21
       - Main expenditure                                     101,6          101,6    100,0     -2     80,0    -20     60,0    -25
 Program of state investments                                    1,4           1,4       2,3   67        1,8   -24       0,0
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                       5,5           5,5       7,0   27        8,4   20      10,0    20
Economic services sector                                     2 555,7     2 555,7     2 694,6    5    3 240,7   20    2 949,7    -9
                                with % with respect to GDP     10,4           10,1       8,9             8,8             6,6
    including:
    - Budget                                                 1 298,1     1 298,1     1 551,3   20    1 888,8   22    2 314,1   23
                                with % with respect to GDP        5             5        5,1             5,2             5,2
    including:
      - Wages fund                                             54,9           54,9     55,1     0      66,1    20      80,9    22
       - Main expenditure                                     970,9          970,9   1 180,6   22    1 476,0   25    1 697,6   15
 Program of state investments                                 944,1          944,1    854,1    -10   1 094,2   28     581,2    -47
- State loan                                                  301,3          301,3    274,6     0     242,2    -12     38,0

                                                                       104
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     12,2           12,2     14,6    20      15,5     6      16,4     6
7. Housing and communal services                              394,4          394,4    406,4     3     421,3     4     499,1    23
                                with % with respect to GDP       1,6           1,6       1,3             1,1             1,1
    including:
    - Budget                                                  320,4          320,4    342,8     7     366,8     7     462,5    26
                                with % with respect to GDP       1,3           1,3       1,1           1,00            1,03
    including:
      - Wages fund                                               7,9           7,9       7,9    0      10,7    35      13,2    23
       - Main expenditure                                     226,5          226,5    230,0     2     253,0    10     290,0    15
 Program of state investments                                  71,2           71,2     60,8    -15     51,6    -15     33,8    -35
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                       2,8           2,8       2,8    0        2,8             2,8
9. Fuel and energy industry                                  1 072,7     1 072,7     1 151,8    7    1 442,5   25    1 552,4    8
                                with % with respect to GDP       4,4           4,2       3,8             3,9             3,5
    including:
    - Budget                                                  700,5          700,5    898,9    28    1 181,2   31    1 450,4   23
                                with % with respect to GDP       2,9           2,8       3,0             3,2             3,2
    including:
      - Wages fund                                               2,1           2,1       2,1    0        2,5             3,1   23
       - Main expenditure                                     690,0          690,0    890,0    29    1 150,0   29    1 322,5   15
Including: OJSS Roghun                                        650,0          650,0    850,0    31    1 100,0   29    1 200,0    9
 Program of state investments                                 292,0          292,0    251,9    -14    260,4     3     101,2    -61
- State loan                                                   79,3           79,3       0,0             0,0             0,0
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                       0,9           0,9       0,9    0        0,9             0,9    0
10. Agricultural sector                                       390,7          390,7    350,5    -10    297,7    -15    331,4    11
                                with % with respect to GDP       1,6           1,5       1,2             0,8             0,7
    including:
    - Budget                                                   99,3           99,3    120,8    22     138,8    15     159,6    15
                                with % with respect to GDP       0,4           0,4       0,4             0,4             0,4
    including:
                                                                       105
      - Wages fund                                            21,6          21,6    21,6    0     25,2   17     30,8   22
       - Main expenditure                                      9,4           9,4    12,0   28     14,0   17     16,1   15
 Program of state investments                                285,6         285,6   221,8   -22   150,2   -32   162,3    8
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     5,8           5,8     7,9   36      8,7   11      9,6   10
11. Mining and construction industry                          57,7          57,7    61,7    7     66,0    7     70,7    7
                                with % with respect to GDP     0,2           0,2     0,2           0,2           0,2
    including:
    - Budget                                                  57,6          57,6    61,6    7     65,9    7     70,6    7
                                with % with respect to GDP     0,2           0,2     0,2           0,2           0,2
    including:
      - Wages fund                                             8,8           8,8     8,8    0     10,8   23     13,1   21
       - Main expenditure                                     27,5          27,5    25,0    -9    33,0   32     39,0   18
 Program of state investments                                                        0,0           0,0           0,0
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     0,1           0,1     0,1    0      0,1    0      0,1    0
12. Transport and communication                              616,3         616,3   700,2   14    987,6   41    468,8   -53
                                with % with respect to GDP     2,5           2,4      2             3             1
    including:
    - Budget                                                  97,5          97,5   104,3    7    111,6    7    145,0   30
                                with % with respect to GDP    0,40          0,39    0,35          0,30          0,32    6
    including:
      - Wages fund                                            12,6          12,6    12,6    0     14,4   14     17,6   22
       - Main expenditure                                     17,6          17,6    23,6   34     26,0   10     30,0   15
 Program of state investments                                295,3         295,3   319,6    8    632,0   98    284,0   -55
- State loan (People’s Republic of China)                    222,0         222,0   274,6         242,2   -12    38,0   -84
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                     1,5           1,5     1,7   13      1,8    6      1,8    0
13. Other economic services                                   23,9          23,9    24,0    1     25,6    7     27,3    7
                                with % with respect to GDP     0,1           0,1     0,1           0,1           0,1
    including:
    - Budget                                                  22,8          22,8    22,8          24,4    7     26,1    7
                                                                     106
                                with % with respect to GDP        0,1            0,1       0,1              0,1              0,1
    including:
      - Wages fund                                                1,9            1,9       2,1      9       2,5    22        3,1    22
       - Main expenditure                                                                  0,0              0,0              0,0
 Program of state investments                                                              0,0              0,0              0,0
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                        1,1            1,1       1,2    12        1,2      0       1,2     0
14. Other expenditure                                           408,0          408,0     570,4    40      678,1    19      885,3    31
                                with % with respect to GDP        1,7            1,6       1,9              1,9              2,0
    including:
    - Budget                                                    408,0          408,0     547,0    34      649,4    19      853,8    31
                                with % with respect to GDP        1,7            1,6       1,8              1,8              1,9
    including:
      - Reserve of wages fund                                     0,2            0,2     169,0      0     340,4    101     494,0    45
       - Main expenditure                                                                  0,0              0,0              0,0
 Program of state investments (PSI)                               0,0            0,0      23,4      0      28,7             31,5
- Special funds of budgetary organizations                                                 0,0              0,0              0,0
Payment of main debt                                            162,0          162,0     252,6    56      271,6            255,8    -6
Payment of internal debt                                         22,0           22,0      90,4    311     103,7            120,4
Payment of external debt                                        140,0          140,0     162,2    16      167,9            135,4

Stabilization Fund for provision of external loan                                        110,0            110,0            110,0

Budgeted deficit                                               -245,1            -45    -301,1           -185,2           -245,2
                                with % with respect to GDP        -1,0          -0,2       -1,0             -0,5             -0,5

Large indicators of budgeted deficit with PSI, state loans,
                                                              -1 687,7     -1 487,7    -1 670,0         -1 726,9         -1 062,3
special funds




                                                                         107
                                                                                                                                                                      Supplement 2
                                         Indicators of expenditure of foreign funds and share of the Republic of Tajikistan in the framework of implementation of
                                                          joint investment projects with international financial organization in years 2011-2013
Planned

          Active




                                                                                            1 USD = 4,8 somoni              1 USD=5,1 somoni               1 USD=5,6 somoni



                                                                                                 Financing*                     Financing*                      Financing*
                                                                   Value of    Shar
                                                       Date of
                       Title of project and                         project     e
                                                      project’s
                       source of financing                        (thousand    with
                                                     expiration                            2011            2011            2012           2012            2013           2013
                                                                     USD)       %
                                                                                          (USD)          (somoni)         (USD)         (somoni)         (USD)         (somoni)


                       State authority and
          I
                       management sector

                   Project of strengthening of                                  100
                                                     30.06.2011     4 941                 175 863        844 144            -                -              -                -
                   national statistical system                                   %

                            including:
          1        Grant of World Bank (Н227-
                                                                    1 036       20%          -                -             -                -
                   TJ from 19.06.06.)
                   Grant of SIDA and
                                                                    3 033       62%       175 863        844 144
                   DFID(TF070386)
                   Share of the Government of
                                                                     872        18%          -                -             -                -
                   the Republic of Tajikistan

                   Project of reforms of public                                 100
          2                                          01.12.2012     5 000                 552 083       2 650 000        462 745        2 360 000
                   sector (Grant of MAP)                                         %

                                                                                           108
                                                             100
         Project of improvement of                  20 000         6 409 073   30 763 550   4 186 185   21 349 550   3 049 140   17 075 184
                                                              %
         state financial management
                                                                       -                        -
                   including:
                                       31.08.2014   5 000    25%   2 947 375   14 147 400   646 676     3 298 050    1 849 140   10 355 184
         Grant of МАР
    3    Grant of PHRD (Government
                                                     972     5%    734 125     3 523 800    587 686     2 997 200        -           -
         of Japan)
         Grant of ЕК and Grant of
         DFID(Ministry of                           4 698    23%   1 823 406   8 752 350    1 653 784   8 434 300        -           -
         Development of England)
         Share of the Government of
                                                    1 330    7%    104 167      500 000      98 039      500 000         -           -
         Tajikistan
         Additional financing
                                                    8 000    40%   800 000     3 840 000    1 200 000   6 120 000    1 200 000   6 720 000
         Grant of World Bank
         Program of management
         development and                                     100
                                                    12 500             -           -        2 200 000   12 540 000   5 500 000   30 800 000
         administrative improvement                           %
         of taxes
1
         Not determined                                                            -        2 000 000   11 400 000   5 000 000   28 000 000
         Share of the Government of
                                                                                   -        200 000     1 140 000    500 000     2 800 000
         Tajikistan
         Total                                               100
                                                    24 974         7 137 019   34 257 694   6 848 930   36 249 550   8 549 140   47 875 184
         Including:                                           %
         Foreign funds                              20 976   84%   7 032 852   33 757 694   6 550 891   34 609 550   8 049 140   45 075 184
         Share of the Government of
                                                    3 998    16%   104 167      500 000     298 039     1 640 000    500 000     2 800 000
         Tajikistan
    II   Sphere of education
         Project of modernization of
         sphere of education                                 100
2                                                   7 000          700 000     3 360 000    1 050 000   5 355 000    1 050 000   5 880 000
         Grant of World Bank                                  %
         (additional financing)


                                                                     109
    Grant of United Catholics
                                                         100
4   Fund “Initiative for quick                  13 500         5 000 000   24 000 000   5 000 000   25 500 000
                                                          %
    development” phase 3
    Project of reforms in sphere                         100
                                                12 000             -           -            -           -
    of education (phase 2)                                %
             including:
5   Grant of Asian Development
                                                10 000   83%       -           -            -           -
    Bank
    Share of the Government of
                                                2 000    17%       -           -            -           -
    Tajikistan

    Project of construction and
                                                         100
    equipment of 5 secondary         2012       12 000         5 200 000   24 960 000   4 894 118   24 960 000   4 442 040   24 875 424
                                                          %
    schools (phase 2)

             including:
6
    Loan of Saudi Development
                                                10 800   90%   4 783 333   22 960 000   4 501 961   22 960 000   4 086 100   22 882 160
    Fund (№2/394 from 22.10.02)
    Share of the Government of
                                                1 200    10%   416 667     2 000 000    392 157     2 000 000    355 940     1 993 264
    Tajikistan
    Project on renovation and
                                                         100
7   construction of secondary      31.06.2009   13 024             -
                                                          %
    schools
    Project of renovation and
    continuation of construction                         100
                                     2012       13 024         7 184 124   34 483 798   497 412     2 536 800        -           -
    of secondary schools                                  %
    (phase 2)
             including:
7
    Loan of Islamic Development
    Bank (TAD-027 from                          10 549   81%   6 785 395   32 569 898   438 118     2 234 400
    30.05.2006)
    Share of the Government of
                                                2 475    19%   398 729     1 913 900     59 294      302 400
    Tajikistan


                                                                 110
          Project of renovation and
          continuation of construction                         100
                                                      12 500         2 200 000    10 560 000   2 200 000    11 220 000   2 200 000   12 320 000
          of secondary schools                                  %
          (phase 3)
                   including:
3
          Loan of Islamic Development
                                                      10 500   80%   2 000 000    9 600 000    2 000 000    10 200 000   2 000 000   11 200 000
          Bank (planned)
          Share of the Government of
                                                      2 000    20%    200 000      960 000      200 000     1 020 000    200 000     1 120 000
          Tajikistan
                     Total                                     100
                                                      91 295         20 284 124   97 363 798   13 641 530   69 571 800   7 692 040   43 075 424
                   including:                                   %
                 Foreign funds                        81 028   89%   19 268 728   92 489 898   12 990 079   66 249 400   7 136 100   39 962 160
            Share of the Government
                                                      10 267   11%   1 015 396    4 873 900     651 451     3 322 400    555 940     3 113 264
                  of Tajikistan

    III          Health sector

          Project of reconstruction
          and equipment of the
          hospital of protection of                            100
    8                                    02.06.2012   9 800           791 667     3 800 000     490 196     2 500 000    3 500 000   19 600 000
          mother and child in city of                           %
          Khujand
           loan of SDF

    9     Project of principal and                             100
                                           2012       29 200             -            -            -            -
          rural health                                          %
                   including:

          (№H195-TJ 21.02.06)                         10 000   34%       -            -            -            -

          Grant of SIDA TF#056448                     6 000    21%       -            -            -            -

          Grant of IDA#H461(МАР)                      9 000    31%                                 -            -            -           -




                                                                        111
         Grant of SDF №90142                   1 200    4%        -           -            -           -

         Additional financing
                                               3 000    10%   1 500 000   7 200 000    1 500 000   7 650 000
         Grant of World Bank
         Project of reforms in the                      100
                                               11 000             -           -            -           -          -          -
         field of health (phase 2)                       %
                  including:
    10
         Grant of Asian Development
                                               9 000    82%       -           -            -           -
         Bank
         Share of the Government of
                                               2 000    18%       -           -            -           -
         Tajikistan
         Project of construction and
         equipment of the
                                                        100
         multisectoral inter-regional   2012   17 226         4 536 412   21 774 774   1 955 098   9 971 000      -          -
                                                         %
         hospital in the area of
         Danghara
                  including:
    11   Loan of Islamic Development
         Bank (№TAD3011                        10 505   61%   2 927 313   14 051 100   1 290 373   6 580 900      -          -
         19.11.2005)
         Loan of OPEC Fund(№1069Р
                                               5 346    31%   1 508 000   7 238 400    664 725     3 390 100      -          -
         21.03.2006)
         Share of the Government of
                                               1 375    8%    101 099      485 274         -           -          -          -
         Tajikistan
         Restoration and equipment
         of district and urban                          100
                                               10 000         666 670     3 200 016    423 790     2 161 329   444 980   2 491 888
         maternity hospital of Sughd                     %
4        region
         Loan of Saudi Development
                                                              666 670     3 200 016    423 790     2 161 329   444 980   2 491 888
         Fund




                                                                112
         Construction of hospital of
                                                           100
         infectious diseases in                   10 000         2 200 000    10 560 000   2 200 000   11 220 000   2 200 000   12 320 000
                                                            %
         Dushanbe

                   including:
5

         Loan of IDB (planned)                    8 000    80%   2 000 000    9 600 000    2 000 000   10 200 000   2 000 000   11 200 000

         Share of the Government of
                                                  2 000    20%    200 000      960 000     200 000     1 020 000    200 000     1 120 000
         Tajikistan

         Health project                                    100
6                                                 10 000         1 000 000    4 800 000    1 500 000   7 650 000    1 500 000   8 400 000
         Grant of the World Bank                            %

         Total                                             100
                                                  55 226         10 694 749   51 334 790   8 069 084   41 152 329   7 644 980   42 811 888
         including:                                         %

         Foreign funds                            51 851   94%   10 393 650   49 889 516   7 869 084   40 132 329   7 444 980   41 691 888

         Share of the Government of
                                                  3 375    6%     301 099     1 445 274    200 000     1 020 000    200 000     1 120 000
         Tajikistan

    IV   Social sector

         Program of promotion of
    12   development of primary
                                                           100
         education and rural           31.12.13   15 916         6 365 521    30 554 500   5 170 980   26 372 000   5 540 970   31 029 432
                                                            %
         infrastructure – phase 2
         (БМИМТ)
                   including:

         Grant of bank KfW (Germany)
                                                  15 400   97%   6 232 188    29 914 500   5 072 941   25 872 000   5 422 053   30 363 497
         from 5.11.04
         Share of investment of
                                                   193     1%        -            -            -           -            -           -
         beneficiaries


                                                                    113
         Share of the Government of
                                              323     2%    133 333      640 000      98 039      500 000     118 917      665 935
         Tajikistan

         Technical assistance for
                                                      100
7        social protection measures          2 000          200 000      960 000     300 000     1 530 000    300 000     1 680 000
                                                       %
          Grant of the World Bank

         Total                                        100
                                             15 916         6 565 521   31 514 500   5 470 980   27 902 000   5 840 970   32 709 432
         including:                                    %

         Foreign funds                       15 400   97%   6 432 188   30 874 500   5 372 941   27 402 000   5 722 053   32 043 497

         Share of the Government of
                                              516     3%    133 333      640 000      98 039      500 000     118 917      665 935
         Tajikistan

         Municipal and water supply
    V
         sector

         Project of improvement of
                                                      100
         system of water supply in    2011   7 165          2 962 456   14 219 790   2 494 700   12 722 970       -           -
                                                       %
         Khujand (phase 2)

         including:


    13   Loan of БАТР                        1 500    21%   771 875     3 705 000    650 000     3 315 000        -           -


         Grant of БАТР                       1 365    19%   461 250     2 214 000    1 844 700   9 407 970        -           -


         Grant of Switzerland                4 300    60%   1 729 331   8 300 790        -                        -           -




                                                              114
         Restoration of water supply
         system in Dushanbe                                100
8                                                 10 000         1 000 000   4 800 000    1 500 000   7 650 000   1 500 000   8 400 000
         (phase 2)                                          %
         Grant of the World Bank


         Project of development of                         100
                                        2010      21 546         550 000     2 640 000    825 000     4 207 500   825 000     4 620 000
         municipal infrastructure                           %


                   including:

         Grant of МАР (№H200 TJ
                                                  14 547   68%       -           -            -           -
         from 21.02.2006)

    14   Share of the Government of
                                                  1 500    7%        -           -            -           -
         Tajikistan


         Additional financing


         Grant of the World Bank                  5 000    23%   500 000     2 400 000    750 000     3 825 000   750 000     4 200 000


         Share of the Government of
                                                   500     2%     50 000      240 000      75 000     382 500      75 000     420 000
         Tajikistan

    15   Project of water supply of                        100
                                       30.06.11   10 700         2 916 164   13 997 587       -           -           -           -
         Dushanbe                                           %

                   including:

         Loan of Islamic Development
         Bank (№TAD 0018 from                     9 220    86%   2 592 159   12 442 361       -           -
         4.05.03)



                                                                   115
         Share of the Government of
                                                 1 480    14%   324 005     1 555 226       -           -
         Tajikistan

         Improvement of water
                                                          100
         supply system of southern        2012   6 200          1 898 333   9 112 000   766 666     3 910 000
                                                           %
         towns of Tajikistan

         including:
    16

         Loan of БАТР                            2 000    32%   537 500     2 580 000   305 882     1 560 000


         Grant of БАТР                           4 200    68%   1 360 833   6 532 000   460 784     2 350 000

         Project of management of
                                                          100
         solid domestic waste in          2012   9 346          1 235 416   5 930 000   831 373     4 240 000        -           -
                                                           %
         Dushanbe

         including:


    17
         Loan of БАТР                            4 000    43%   677 083     3 250 000   247 059     1 260 000


         Grant of БАТР                           4 000    43%   558 333     2 680 000   584 314     2 980 000


         Grant of Switzerland                    1 346    14%       -           -           -           -

         Restoration of water supply
         system of northern cities and                    100
9                                                20 700         2 070 000   9 936 000   3 105 000   15 835 500   3 105 000   17 388 000
         districts of republic and city                    %
         of Khorog



                                                                  116
           Grant of БАТР (planned)

           Management of permanent
           organic emissions                                    100
10                                                     4 000            40 000       192 000      600 000     3 060 000    600 000     3 360 000
           (Grant of the World Bank)                             %
           (ГЭФ)
           Total                                                100
                                                       34 706          12 672 369   60 827 377   10 122 739   51 625 970   6 030 000   33 768 000
           including:                                            %

           Foreign funds                               28 767   83%    12 298 364   59 032 151   10 047 739   51 243 470   5 955 000   33 348 000

           Share of the Government of
                                                       5 940    17%     374 005     1 795 226     75 000       382 500      75 000      420 000
           Tajikistan

     VI    Sphere of culture and sport

           Project of providing social
           and economic opportunities
                                                                100
     18    for youth of Tajikistan        30.06.2012   2 103            487 500     2 340 000     349 020     1 780 000
                                                                 %
           (Grant of the World Bank (TF
           090468)

           Total                                                100
                                                       2 103            487 500     2 340 000     349 020     1 780 000        -           -
           including:                                            %
           Foreign funds                               2 103    100%    487 500     2 340 000     349 020     1 780 000
           Share of the Government of
                                                                           -            -            -            -
           Tajikistan
           Energy sector
     VII

           Project of replacement of
     19                                                         100
           distribution plant of 220        2012       35 670          12 423 906   59 634 750       -            -            -           -
                                                                 %
           kilowatt in HPP Norak

                        including


                                                                          117
          Loan of KfW (Bank of
                                                      25 450   71%   8 093 750   38 850 000       -           -
          Germany) from 25/07/08
          Grant of KfW (Bank of
                                                      10 220   29%   4 330 156   20 784 750       -           -
          Germany) from 25/07/08
          Project of construction of
          power transmission line 500                          100
                                                      10 000         550 000     2 640 000    1 010 000   5 151 000    1 650 000   9 240 000
          kilowatt "North-South"                                %
          (Khujand-Datka)
          including;
11
          Loan of Islamic Development
                                                      9 000    90%   500 000     2 400 000    1 000 000   5 100 000    1 500 000   8 400 000
          Bank (planned)

          Share of the Government of
                                                      1 000    10%    50 000      240 000      10 000      51 000      150 000      840 000
          Tajikistan
                                                               100
          Reduction of energy loss         31.12.11   45 000         2 005 260   16 825 248   2 250 000   11 475 000   2 250 000   12 600 000
                                                                %
                       including:

          Loan of the World Bank
                                                      15 000   33%   1 215 000   5 832 000        -           -            -           -
          (№4093-TJ from 8.09.05)

          Grant of the World Bank
                                                      3 000    7%    320 100     1 536 480        -           -            -           -
     20   (№H178-TJ from 8.09.05)

          Grant of Switzerland                        8 000    18%       -           -            -           -            -           -

          Share of OJSC "Barqi Tojik"                 2 000    4%        -           -            -           -            -           -

          Share of SUE "Tojikgaz"                     2 000    4%    470 160     2 256 768        -           -            -           -
          Additional financing (Grant of
                                                      15 000   33%   1 500 000   7 200 000    2 250 000   11 475 000   2 250 000   12 600 000
          the World Bank)




                                                                       118
     Urgent project of assistance
                                                      100
     for restoration of energy        2012   21 500          1 500 000     7 200 000    2 250 000    11 475 000    2 250 000   12 600 000
                                                       %
     sector of Tajikistan

21               including

     Grant of the World Bank
                                             6 500    30%        -             -            -             -
     (TF092337 from 17/07/08)
     Additional financing (Grant of
                                             15 000   70%    1 500 000     7 200 000    2 250 000    11 475 000    2 250 000   12 600 000
     the World Bank)

      Project of additional
     financing for project of                         100
                                      2011   2 500            250 000      1 200 000        -             -
     restoration of private energy                     %
     company Pomir
22

                 including
     Grant of the World Bank from
                                             2 500    100%    250 000      1 200 000        -             -
     16.09.08
     Project of replacement of
     general distribution plant of                    100
                                             66 200          28 606 375   137 310 600   33 669 412   171 714 000
     500 kilowatt (GDP) in HPP                         %
     Norak

23   Including

     Grant of ADB                            54 000   82%    23 305 375   111 865 800   27 346 000   139 464 600

     Share of OJSC "Barqi Tojik"             12 200   18%    5 301 000    25 444 800    6 323 412    32 249 400

     Regional project of power
24                                                    100
     transmission line Tajikistan-    2013   53 851          1 000 000     4 800 000    1 000 000     5 100 000    1 000 000   5 600 000
                                                       %
     Afghanistan

                 including:


                                                                119
     Loan of Asian Development
     Bank (2303 Taj from            21 700    40%       -             -            -             -                          -
     22.02.07)
     Loan Islamic Development
                                    10 000    19%       -             -            -             -                          -
     Bank

     Additional loan of IDB          4 051    8%    1 000 000     4 800 000    1 000 000     5 100 000    1 000 000     5 600 000


     Loan of OPEC Fund               8 500    16%       -             -            -             -                          -

     Share of OJSC “Barqi Tojik”     9 600    18%       -             -            -             -                          -

                                              100
     Project of renewable energy    28 600                                     4 290 000    19 890 000    3 939 000    22 058 400
                                               %

              including:
12
     Grant of ADB                   26 000    91%                              3 900 000    19 890 000    3 900 000    21 840 000

     Share of the Government of
     Tajikistan (on account of       2 600    9%                                390 000          -         39 000       218 400
     OJSC “Barqi Tojik”)


     Project of regional business
     relations in energy sphere               100
13                                   2 500           250 000      1 200 000     375 000      1 912 500     375 000      2 100 000
      (Grant of the World                      %
     Bank(CASAREM)


     Regional energy project                  100
14                                  116 000         4 400 000    21 120 000    6 600 000    33 660 000    6 600 000    36 960 000
     (Grant of ADB)                            %

     Total                                    100
                                    620 467         52 485 541   251 930 598   51 444 412   260 377 500   18 064 000   101 158 400
     including:                                %
     Foreign funds
                                    566 602   91%   46 664 381   223 989 030   44 721 000   228 077 100   17 875 000   100 100 000

                                                       120
           Share of the Government of
                                                       53 865   9%     5 821 160   27 941 568   6 723 412   32 300 400   189 000   1 058 400
           Tajikistan
     VII
           Agricultural sector
      I
           Project of small loans to
                                                                100
     25    villages of Tajikistan           2 013      10 000          1 734 375   8 325 000    1 632 353   8 325 000
                                                                 %
           Loan of IDB

           Project of cotton processing
                                                                100
15         and market development           2 014      24 000          3 416 667   16 400 000   3 392 157   17 300 000
                                                                 %
           (Grant of ADB)

           System of registration and
                                                                100
           cadastre of land for the        31.03.10    10 794          1 011 771   4 856 500        -           -           -          -
                                                                 %
           development of agriculture

                     including:
     26    Grant of the World Bank
                                                       10 094   94%    971 375     4 662 600        -           -
           (№H157-TJ from 20.06.05)

           Share of municipal societies                 500     5%      40 396      193 900         -           -

           Share of the Government of
                                                        200     2%         -           -            -           -
           Tajikistan
           Project of restoration of                            100
                                          31.03.2013   15 000          2 181 818   12 000 000   882 353     4 500 000       -          -
           cotton growing field                                  %

     27              including:

           Loan of the World Bank                      15 000   100%   2 181 818   12 000 000   882 353     4 500 000       -          -

           Project on development of
     28    municipal agricultural                               100
                                           31.10.11    19 050          775 901     3 724 327        -           -           -          -
           production and management                             %
           of water basins


                                                                         121
              including:
     Loan of the World Bank
                                              5 000    26%   184 699   886 557         -           -           -           -
     (№3928-TJ from 14.07.04)
     Grant of the World Bank
                                              5 800    30%   203 459   976 605         -           -           -           -
     (№H097-TJ from 14.07.04)
     Grant of Global
     Environmental Fund
                                              4 500    24%   332 000   1 593 600       -           -           -           -
     GEF(№TF053572 from
     14.07.04)

     Share of the Government of
                                              3 750    20%   55 743    267 565         -           -           -           -
     Tajikistan

     Project of control upon                           100
                                    2011      6 800             -          -           -           -           -           -
     bird flu                                           %

              Including:

     Grant of МАР(Р100451TAJ
                                              5 000    74%      -          -           -           -
29   from 27.07.2006)

     Grant of UNICEF                           200     3%       -          -           -           -

     Grant of World Health
                                               100     1%       -          -           -           -
     Organization

     Grant of Trust Fund                      1 500    22%      -          -           -           -

     Project of management of
30                                                     100
     water resources of Ferghana   31.11.10   24 174         500 000   2 750 000   1 500 000   7 650 000   1 500 000   8 400 000
                                                        %
     valley

              including:
     Grant of the World Bank
                                              12 994   54%      -          -           -           -
     (№H179 TJ from 24.09.05)


                                                              122
          Share of the Government of
                                                     1 180    5%        -           -            -           -
          Tajikistan
          Additional financing(Grant of
                                                     10 000   41%   500 000     2 750 000    1 500 000   7 650 000    1 500 000   8 400 000
          the World Bank)
          Project of restoration of                           100
                                          31.12.10   29 014         203 501      976 802         -           -
          irrigation system                                    %
                    including:

     31   Loan of Asian Development
          Bank (№2124-TAJ(SF) from                   22 720   78%    57 813      277 500         -           -
          25.05.05)
          Share of the Government of
                                                     6 294    22%   145 688      699 302         -           -
          Tajikistan
          Restoration of irrigation                           100
                                                     3 300          1 100 000   5 280 000    1 100 000   5 610 000    1 100 000   6 160 000
          system                                               %

                    including:
16
          Loan of IDB (planned)                      3 000    91%   1 000 000   4 800 000    1 000 000   5 100 000    1 000 000   5 600 000

          Share of the Government of
                                                      300     9%    100 000      480 000     100 000      510 000     100 000      560 000
          Tajikistan

     32   Project of village                                  100
                                           2012      23 300         5 542 774   26 605 312   3 425 882   17 472 000   3 940 050   22 064 280
          development                                          %
                    including:
          Loan of Asian Development
                                                     8 800    38%   2 312 500   11 100 000   1 098 039   5 600 000    2 100 000   11 760 000
          Bank

          Grant of ADB                               8 300    36%   1 130 229   5 425 100    790 588     4 032 000    1 650 000   9 240 000

          Grant of GEF                               3 500    15%   1 695 357   8 137 712    1 185 882   6 048 000        -           -
          Share of the Government of
                                                     1 650    7%    404 688     1 942 500    351 373     1 792 000    190 050     1 064 280
          Tajikistan

          Share of communities                       1 050    5%        -           -            -           -            -           -


                                                                      123
     Other incomes                                             -           -            -           -           -           -

     Project of sustainable
                                                    100
     development of cotton          2010   15 300          1 339 583   6 430 000    411 765     2 100 000   355 930     1 993 208
                                                     %
     growing field
                 including:

     Loan of Asian Development
                                           5 500    36%    760 417     3 650 000    235 294     1 200 000   203 390     1 138 984
     Bank
33
     Grant of Asian Development
                                           6 500    43%    558 333     2 680 000    176 471     900 000     152 540     854 224
     Bank
     Share of the Government of
                                           2 000    13%     20 833      100 000         -           -           -           -
     Tajikistan

     Off-budget sources                    1 300    9%         -           -            -           -           -           -

     Project of flood management                    100
                                    2013   29 700          2 379 209   11 420 201   1 183 472   6 035 708   1 524 810   8 538 936
     in Khatlon region                               %
                 including:
     Loan of Asian Development
34                                         22 000   74%    1 240 668   5 955 205    984 418     5 020 533   709 360     3 972 416
     Bank (№2356 TAJ(SF)

     Technical assistance of JFPR          2 000    7%         -                        -                                   -

     Share of the Government of
                                           5 700    19%    1 138 541   5 464 996    199 054     1 015 175   815 450     4 566 520
     Tajikistan

35   Project of flood management
                                    2012   3 980    100%   531 250     2 550 000    490 196     2 500 000       -           -
     together with communities

     including

     Grant of JFPR                         3 000    75%    520 833     2 500 000    490 196     2 500 000

     Share of the Government of
                                            470     12%     10 417      50 000          -           -
     Tajikistan

                                                             124
          Other incomes                            510     13%        -                         -

          Project of irrigation of lands                   100
                                           2012   36 290          12 180 899   58 468 317   1 367 645   6 974 992    8 711 274   48 783 134
          of Danghara valley (phase 2)                      %

                    including:

          Loan of Kuwait Fund of Arab
          Economic Development                    13 800   38%    5 356 979    25 713 500   462 196     2 357 200    8 711 274   48 783 134
     36   (№743 from 28.03.2007)
          Loan of Islamic Development
                                                  12 634   35%    5 616 341    26 958 436   454 195     2 316 395                    -
          Bank

          Additional financing of IDB             2 634    7%     1 317 000    6 321 600    1 317 000   6 716 700

          Share of the Government of
                                                  7 222    20%    1 207 579    5 796 381    451 254     2 301 397                    -
          Tajikistan

          Project of irrigation of lands                   100
                                                  10 400           595 000     2 856 000    1 650 000   8 415 000    2 200 000   12 320 000
          of Danghara valley (phase 3)                      %

                    including:
17
          Loan of Islamic Development
                                                  10 000   96%     520 000     2 496 000    1 500 000   7 650 000    2 000 000   11 200 000
          Bank (planned)
          Share of the Government of
                                                   400     4%      75 000       360 000     150 000      765 000     200 000     1 120 000
          Tajikistan
          Urgent project of
          guaranteeing of food
                                           2013
          security and import of seed
     37   production
          Additional financing                             100
                                                  6 250           2 000 000    9 600 000    2 000 000   10 200 000   1 200 000   6 720 000
          Grant of the World Bank                           %
          Project of enhancement of
     38   life standard in Khatlon         2014   14 949   100%   2 716 078    13 037 173   2 579 229   13 154 064   2 242 350   12 557 160
          standard
                                                                     125
          Including:

          Grant of IFAD №DSF-8026-
                                                  12 300   82%   2 187 984   10 502 321   2 077 831   10 596 936   1 845 000   10 332 000
          TJ
          Share of communities                    2 134    14%   436 484     2 095 125    414 400     2 113 440    320 100     1 792 560
          Share of the Government of
                                                   515     3%     91 610      439 727      86 998      443 688      77 250      432 600
          Tajikistan
          Project of provision with
                                                           100
          pure drinking water of area      2012   9 000          2 431 250   11 670 000   1 421 569   7 250 000        -           -
                                                            %
          Mir Sayid Ali Hamadoni
                    including:
     39
          Grant of the Government of
                                                  8 100    90%   2 368 750   11 370 000   1 362 745   6 950 000
          Japan JICA
          Share of the Government of
                                                   900     10%    62 500      300 000      58 824      300 000
          Tajikistan
          Development of drinking
          water provision in villages of
                                                           100
          regions Khatlon and Sughd               10 000         2 200 000   10 560 000   3 300 000   16 830 000   4 400 000   24 640 000
                                                            %
          and cities and areas of
          republican subordination
18                   including:
          Loan of Islamic Development
                                                  9 000    90%   2 000 000   9 600 000    3 000 000   15 300 000   4 000 000   22 400 000
          Bank (planned)
          Share of the Government of
                                                  1 000    10%   200 000      960 000     300 000     1 530 000    400 000     2 240 000
          Tajikistan
          Regional program of
          management of natural                            100
19                                                2 000          100 000      480 000     300 000     1 530 000    300 000     1 680 000
          disasters - Gidromet                              %
          (Grant of the World Bank)
          Second community project
          of agriculture and
                                                           100
20        management of water                     10 000         500 000     2 400 000    1 500 000   7 650 000    1 500 000   8 400 000
                                                            %
          allocation
           (Grant of the World Bank)
                                                                   126
          Prevention and reduction of
          consequences and
          management of boundaries
          damaged by pesticides                          100
21                                              200             200 000      960 000
          having stable organic         2012              %
          pollutants
           The World Bank (technical
          assistance)
          Project of development of
          communities with the aim of
          improvement of access to                       100
22                                              850             850 000      4 080 000
          seeds of high quality                           %
          Grant of Japanese Social
          Development Fund
          Total                                          100
                                               255 789         48 946 555   221 751 232   29 453 621   150 213 464   28 974 414   162 256 718
          including:                                      %

          Foreign funds                        215 292   84%   44 957 076   202 601 736   27 341 718   139 442 764   26 871 564   150 480 758

          Share of the Government of
                                               40 497    16%   3 989 479    19 149 496    2 111 903    10 770 700    2 102 850    11 775 960
          Tajikistan

     IX   Transport sector

          Reconstruction of the
          automobile road Dushanbe –                     100
                                        2011   59 500              -             -            -             -            -             -
          border of Kyrgyzstan                            %
          (phase 2)
                   including:

     40   Loan of Asian Development
                                               30 000    50%       -             -            -             -
          Bank (№2196-TAJ(SF) 2006)

          Grant of ADB                         20 000    34%

          Share of the Government of
                                                9 500    16%       -             -            -             -
          Tajikistan

                                                                  127
           Reconstruction of the
          automobile road Dushanbe –                        100
                                         2013      58 400         3 408 780   16 362 145   2 130 948   12 146 400    48 000      268 800
          border of Kyrgyzstan                               %
           - CARES (phase 3)
                       including:

          Loan of Asian Development
     41                                            33 000   57%   2 651 625   12 727 800   979 509     5 583 200        -           -
          Bank

          Grant of Asian Development
                                                   12 400   21%       -           -            -           -         20 000      112 000
          Bank

          Loan of OPEC Fund                        8 500    15%       -           -            -           -            -           -

          Share of the Government of
                                                   4 500    8%    757 155     3 634 345    1 151 439   6 563 200     28 000      156 800
          Tajikistan
          Project of construction of
                                                            100
          automobile road Shoghun-      30.06.10   15 900         1 251 710   6 008 208        -           -            -           -
                                                             %
          Zighar (phase 2)

                       including:
     42
          Loan of Islamic Development
          Bank (№TAD 023 from                      13 770   87%   1 018 570   4 889 136        -           -
          16.03.05)
          Share of the Government of
                                                   2 130    13%   233 140     1 119 072        -           -
          Tajikistan
          Project of construction of
23                                                          100
          automobile road Shohon-        2013      23 190         8 235 969   39 532 650   7 816 941   39 866 400   6 058 141   33 925 589
                                                             %
          Zighar (phase 3)

          including;


          Loan of IDB                              20 000   84%   6 945 594   33 338 850   6 579 451   33 555 200   5 101 514   28 568 478



                                                                    128
     Share of the Government of
                                            3 190    16%   1 290 375     6 193 800    1 237 490     6 311 200    956 627     5 357 111
     Tajikistan

     Project of construction of
                                                     100
     the automobile road of          2013   92 900         37 190 782   178 515 750   35 318 432   180 124 000   8 814 511   49 361 262
                                                      %
     Kulob – Qalai Khumb

     including                                                 -                          -

     Loan of IDB                            20 000   22%   8 093 750    38 850 000    7 686 275    39 200 000    6 059 171   33 931 358


     Loan of ФКРИА                          17 000   18%   5 260 938    25 252 500    4 996 078    25 480 000        -           -
43
     Loan of OPEC                           13 000   14%   6 475 000    31 080 000    6 149 020    31 360 000        -           -


     Loan of SFD                            20 000   22%   8 093 750    38 850 000    7 686 275    39 200 000        -           -


     Loan of Abu Dhabi Fund                 15 000   16%   6 070 313    29 137 500    5 764 706    29 400 000        -           -

     Share of the Government of
                                            7 900    9%    3 197 031    15 345 750    3 036 078    15 484 000    2 755 340   15 429 904
     Tajikistan
     Project of reconsruction of
     the road Dusti – Panji poyon                    100
44                                          15 000          750 000      3 600 000    2 250 000    11 475 000    2 250 000   12 600 000
      Grant of Japan                                  %
     (phase 2)
     Project of reconsruction of
                                                     100
     the road Dushanbe-              2012   51 578         2 650 000    12 720 000
                                                      %
     Danghara
45   (Loan of People’s Republic of
                                            49 000   95%   2 450 000    11 760 000
     China)
     Share of the Government of
                                            2 578    5%     200 000      960 000          -             -
     Tajikistan


                                                              129
          Project of reconsruction of
                                                            100
          the road Dushanbe-               2013   142 800         43 983 000   211 118 400   48 909 000   249 435 900   6 783 000   37 984 800
                                                             %
          Danghara (phase 2)
24        Loan of Exim Bank (People’s
                                                  135 660   95%   40 698 000   195 350 400   47 481 000   242 153 100   6 783 000   37 984 800
          Republic of China)
          Share of the Government of
                                                   7 140    5%    3 285 000    15 768 000    1 428 000     7 282 800        -           -
          Tajikistan
          Project of construction of
                                                            100
          road Dushanbe-Buston             2010   295 900         14 055 000   67 464 000        -             -            -           -
                                                             %
          Chanak
     46   Loan of People’s Republic of
                                                  281 105   95%   14 055 000   67 464 000        -             -            -           -
          China
          Share of the Government of
                                                  14 795    5%        -             -            -             -            -           -
          Tajikistan

          Project of construction of air
                                                            100
          terminal of international        2011   35 040          4 166 667    20 000 000    4 607 844    23 500 000    4 122 807   23 087 719
                                                             %
          airport in Dushanbe

                    including
     47
          Loan of Government of
                                                  24 820    71%   3 750 000    18 000 000    3 921 569    20 000 000    3 508 772   19 649 123
          France
          Share of the Government of
          Tajikistan (on account of               10 220    29%    416 667      2 000 000     686 275      3 500 000    614 035     3 438 596
          SUAE «Tojik Air»)
          Construction of the
          automobile road Dushanbe –                        100
                                                  51 000          2 550 000    12 240 000    7 650 000    39 015 000    7 650 000   42 840 000
          border of Uzbekistan                               %
25
          (Tursunzoda)
          Grant of ADB (planned)

26        Project of social transport                       100
                                                  11 067          2 375 000    11 400 000    2 892 157    14 750 000     50 000      280 000
          development of Dushanbe                            %

          Loan of БАТР                             6 400    58%    640 000      3 072 000     960 000      4 896 000    960 000     5 376 000

                                                                     130
          Grant of БАТР                   3 600    33%    360 000       1 728 000     540 000       2 754 000     540 000      3 024 000

          Technical assistance of БАТР    1 067    10%    106 700       512 160       160 050       816 255       160 050      896 280

          Construction of the
          automobile road                          100
     48                                  32 755           1 637 750     7 861 200     4 913 250    25 057 575    4 913 250    27 514 200
          Qurghonteppa-Dusti                        %
          Grant of Government of Japan
                                                   100
          Regional project of roads      56 100           2 805 000    13 464 000     8 415 000    42 916 500    8 415 000    47 124 000
                                                    %
                       including:
27
          Grant of ADB                   51 000    91%    2 550 000    12 240 000     7 650 000    39 015 000    7 650 000    42 840 000
          Share of the Government of
                                          5 100    9%     255 000       1 224 000     765 000       3 901 500     765 000      4 284 000
          Tajikistan
          Total                                    100
          including:                     673 477         120 506 358   594 198 513   123 671 465   632 003 030   50 714 759   284 002 650
                                                    %
          Foreign funds
                                         615 422   91%   114 156 990   547 953 546   116 795 183   588 960 330   45 595 757   255 336 239
          Share of the Government of
                                         58 055    9%     6 349 368    46 244 967     6 876 282    43 042 700    5 119 002    28 666 411
          Tajikistan
          Others

          Project of access to                     100
                                         27 500           1 250 000     6 000 000     4 125 000    21 037 500    4 125 000    23 100 000
          financing                                 %
                       including:
28
          Grant of ADB                   25 000    91%    1 250 000     6 000 000     3 750 000    19 125 000    3 750 000    21 000 000
          Share of the Government of
                                          2 500    9%         -             -         375 000       1 912 500     375 000      2 100 000
          Tajikistan
          Development of essential
                                                   100
29        skills for migrants            10 000           500 000       2 400 000     1 500 000     7 650 000    1 500 000     8 400 000
                                                    %
          Grant of the World Bank
          Total                                    100
                                         37 500           1 750 000     8 400 000     5 625 000    28 687 500    5 625 000    31 500 000
          including:                                %


                                                            131
Foreign funds                  35 000     93%    1 750 000     8 400 000       5 250 000     26 775 000      5 250 000    29 400 000
Share of the Government of
                               2 500      7%         -              -          375 000       1 912 500       375 000       2 100 000
Tajikistan
Share of the Government of
Tajikistan for projects in                       3 125 000     15 000 000      2 941 176     15 000 000      2 678 571    15 000 000
phase of preparation
         including:
on account of loan            998 612     51%   167 653 075   804 734 759     125 024 521   637 625 057     60 717 561    340 018 341
Including loans of People’s
                              465 765     24%   57 203 000    274 574 400     47 481 000    242 153 100      6 783 000    37 984 800
Republic of China

on account of grant           791 462     41%   93 040 273    446 593 312     112 577 821   574 146 886     69 232 033    387 699 385

on account of own funds of
                               38 620     2%     6 187 827     29 701 568      7 009 686     35 749 400      653 035       3 656 996
ministries and agencies

Other sources                  6 610      0%     476 880       2 289 025       414 400       2 113 440       320 100       1 792 560
Share of the Government of
                              110 969     6%    17 833 300     85 599 838     14 123 208     72 028 360     10 941 145    61 270 414
Tajikistan
                                          100
        TOTAL:                1 946 273         285 191 355   1 368 918 502   259 149 636   1 321 663 143   141 863 874   794 437 696
                                           %




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