The-Council-of-Architecture

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					THE COUNCIL OF ARCHITECTURE

   A Statutory body constituted
  by Ministry of Human Resource
     Development, Government of
    India, under the Architects
             Act, 1972
   The Architects Act, 1972
 The Architects Act of 1972 which came into force on 1st
  September 1972 has the following objectives as
  mentioned in the preamble:
 1) To prepare a register of qualified Architects on the
  basis of a schedule of approved qualifications to
  safeguard the interest of common man.
 2) To regulate the profession of Architects by evolving a
  "Code of Ethics" and by laying down minimum
  standards of architectural education in India.
To achieve these objectives, a statutory body known as
"Council of Architecture" (COA) has been created.
It is headed by its President who is assisted by an Executive
Committee and a Council consisting of 45 odd members
representing the Indian Institute of Architects, Heads of
Architectural Institutions in India, Chief Architects of all states
and Union territories, Union Ministry of Education (which now
forms a pm1 of Union Ministry of Human Resources
Development), Institution of Engineers and Institution of
Surveyors. The Council is assisted by a Registrar - who is a full-
time employee of the Council. The Registrar is empowered to
carry out certain functions prescribed by the Architects Act
 The main features of the Act are as under:
 A corporate body known as “Council of Architecture" is created.
    It has powers for registration of Architects.
   It enrolls persons holding recognized degree or diploma in
    Architecture; or persons who have been practicing as Architects
    for a period of 5 years before September I, 1972.
   It recommends to Government additional qualifications
    acceptable for registration.
   It holds enquiries into the misconduct of Architects and takes
    suitable action.
   It prescribes minimum standards of education and training of
    Architects in India.
 This Act protects the title "Architect" but does not make the design,
  supervision and construction of buildings as an exclusive
  responsibility of Architects. Other professionals like Engineers may
  engage themselves in their normal vocation in respect of building
  construction work provided they do not style themselves as
  Architects.
 Chapter I: This chapter contains the short title of the Act- viz
  Architects Act. 1972 and definitions of words such as Architect,
  Council of Architecture, Indian Institute of Architects, etc.
 Chapter II: This chapter deals with Council of Architecture, its
  office bearers, their election, meetings of the Council,
  formation of committees, officers and staff of COA, its
  finances, recognition of architectural qualifications and of
  architectural institutions.
 Chapter III: This chapter deals with the procedure for
  registration of Architects, preparation of Register, fees for
  initial registration, renewal, re-instatement, removal from
  register, procedure for inquiries relating to misconduct
  etc.
 Chapter IV: This chapter deals with matters such as penalty for
  claiming to be registered, prohibition against the use of
  title "Architect", powers of Central Government to make
  rules, power of Council to make regulations, etc.

 Schedule: This schedule contains recognized Indian Degrees and
  Diplomas in Architecture and some recognized qualifications in
  other countries.
    ROLE OF COA
 The Council of Architecture (COA) has been constituted by the
    Government of India under the provisions of the Architects Act,
    1972, enacted by the Parliament of India, which came into force
    on 1st September, 1972.
   The Act provides for registration of
•   Architects
•    standards of education
•    recognized qualifications
•   standards of practice to be complied with by the practicing
    architects.
 The Council of Architecture is charged with the responsibility to
  regulate the education and practice of profession throughout India
  besides maintaining the register of architects.
 For this purpose, the Government of India has framed Rules and
  Council of Architecture has framed Regulations as provided for in
  the Architects Act, with the approval of Government of India.
 Any person desirous of carrying on the profession of 'Architect'
  must have registered himself with Council of Architecture. For the
  purpose of registration, one must possess the requisite qualification
  as appended to the Architects Act, after having undergone the
  education in accordance with the Council of Architecture (Minimum
  Standards of Architectural Education) Regulations, 1983.
 The registration with Council of Architecture entitles a person to
  practice the profession of architecture, provided he holds a Certificate of
  Registration with up-to-date renewals. The registration also entitles a
  person to use the title and style of Architect.
 The title and style of architect can also be used by a firm of architects,
  of which all partners are registered with COA. Limited Companies,
  Private/Public Companies, societies and other juridical
  persons are not entitled to use the title and style of architect nor are
  they entitled to practice the profession of architecture.
 If any person falsely claims to be registered or misuses title and
  style of architect, such acts tantamount to committing of a criminal
  offence, which is punishable under section 36 or 37 (2) of the Architects
  Act, 1972.
 The practice of profession of an architect is governed by the Architects
  (Professional Conduct) Regulations, 1989
 Pursuant to these Regulations, the Council of Architecture has framed
  guidelines governing the various aspects of practice.
 An architect is required to observe professional conduct as stipulated in the
  Regulations of 1989 and any violation thereof shall constitute a professional
  misconduct, which will attract disciplinary action as stipulated under section
  30 of the Architects Act, 1972.
 There are 108 institutions, which impart architectural education in India
  leading to recognized qualifications. The standards of education being imparted
  in these institutions (constituent colleges/departments of universities, deemed
  universities, affiliated colleges/schools, IITs, NITs and autonomous
  institutions) is governed by Council of Architecture (Minimum Standards of
  Architectural Education)
Constitution of Council of
Architecture
 The Central Government shall, by notification in the Official
  Gazette, constitute, with effect from such date as may be specified
  in the notification, a Council to be known as the Council of
  Architecture, which shall be a body corporate, having perpetual
  succession and a common seal, with power to acquire, hold and
  dis-pose of property, both movable and immovable, and to contract,
  and may by that name sue or be sued.
 The Head Office of the Council shall be at Delhi or at such other
  place as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official
  Gazette, specify.
    The Council shall consist of the following members, namely-
   five architects possessing recognized qualifica-tions elected by the Indian
    Institute of Architects from among its members:
   Two persons nominated by the All India Council for Technical
    Education established by the Resolution of the Government of India in the
    late Ministry of Education NO.F. 16-10/44-E.III, dated the 30th November,
    1945.
   Five persons elected from among themselves by heads of architectural
    institutions in India imparting full-time instruction for recognized
    qualifications.
   The Chief Architects in the Ministries of the Central Government to which
    the Government business relating to defense and railways has been allotted
    and the head of the Architectural Organization in the Central Public Works
    Depart-ment, ex official.
 One person nominated by the Central Govern-ment.
 An architect from each State nominated by the Government of that
  State.
 Two persons nominated by the Institution of Engineers (India) from
  among its members.
 One person nominated by the Institution of Surveyors of India from
  among its members.
President and Vice President of, Council
 The President and the Vice-President of the Council shall be elected
  by the members of the Council from among themselves;
 Provided that on the first constitution of the Council and until
  the President is elected, a member of the Council nominated by the
  Central Government in this behalf shall discharge the functions of
  the President.
 An elected President or Vice-President of the Council shall hold
  office for a term of three years or till he ceases to be a member of
  the Council, whichever is earlier, but subject to his being a member
  of the Council, he shall be eligible for re-election.
Provided that:
 The President or the Vice-President may, by writing under his hand
  addressed to the Vice-Presi-dent or the President, as the case may be,
  resign his office;

 The President or the Vice-President shall, not-withstanding the
  expiry of his term of three years, continue to hold office until his
  successor enters upon office.

 The President and the Vice-President of the Council shall exercise
  such powers and discharge such duties as may be prescribed by
  regulations.
 MODE OF ELECTIONS
 Elections under this chapter shall be conducted in such manner as
  may be prescribed by rules.
 Where any dispute arises regarding any such election, the matter shall
  be referred by the Council to a Tribunal appointed by the Central
  Government by notification in the Official Gazette in this behalf, and
  the decision of the Tribunal shall be final provided that no such
  reference shall be made except on an application made to the Council
  by an ag-grieved party within thirty days from the date of the
  declaration of the result of the election.
 The expenses of the Tribunal shall be borne by the council.
TERMS OF OFFICE AND CASUAL VACANCIES
 Subject to the provisions of this section, an elected or nominated
 member shall hold office for a term of three years from the date of
 his election or nomination or until his successor has been duly
 elected or nominated whichever is later.
 An elected or nominated member may, at any time, resign his
 membership by writing under his hand addressed to the President,
 or in his absence, to the Vice-President, and the seat of such
 member shall there upon become vacant.
 A member shall be deemed to have vacated his seat-:
    If he is absent without excuse, sufficient in the opinion of the Council from
     three consecutive ordinary meetings of the Council; or
   If he ceases to be a member of the body referred to in clause (a) clause (g)
     or clause (h) of sub-section (3) of section 3, by which he was elected or
     nominated, as the case may be; or
   In the case where he has been elected under clause (c) of sub-section (3) of
     section 3, if he ceases to hold his appointment as the head of an institution
     referred to in the said clause.???
 A casual vacancy in the Council shall be filled by fresh election or
   nomination, as the case may be and the person so elected or nominated to fill
   the vacancy shall hold office only for the remainder of the term for which the
   member whose place he takes was elected or nominated.
 Members of the Council shall be eligible for re-elec-tion or re-nomination,
  but not exceeding three con-secutive terms.
      Disabilities
  A person shall not be eligible for election or nomination as a member
  of the Council, if he-

 is an un discharged insolvent; or
 Has been convicted by a court in India for any offence and sentenced
  to imprisonment for not less than two years and shall continue to be
  ineligible for a further period of five years since his release.
      
				
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