Knowing Autism

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					Knowing Autism
Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a variety of three
symptoms, namely impaired social interaction, communication, and restricted
and repetitive behavior, which occurs before the age of three years.

Impaired social development:

1. Symptoms in infants

Less attention to social stimuli, smile and rarely see someone, no

respond when called.

2. Symptoms in infants

- Lack of eye contact, no mutual communication, to communicate with another
person using a hand (no points, but pulled the hands of others)

- At the age of 3-5 years can occur difficulties in playing with peers, approaching
people spontaneously, imitate, react emotionally, non-verbal communication
taking turns with others.

3. Older children and adults have difficulty in recognizing faces sad, happy, or
angry.

Perlembangan communication disorders:

1. Impaired communication can occur since the first year of life in the form
ramble too late, can not point, do not respond when called

2. At the age of 2-3 years are usually children with autism:

- Rarely babbling

- Can not use the word

- Unable to string words

- Body language does not match the words

- Rarely ask and talk about the experience

- More often imitate meaningless

- Unable to play pretend (cook-cooking, playing with dolls)
Behavioral disturbances:

Behavioral disturbances that occur can be:

1. No purposeful movement repeated like gesticulating

2. Do not want to do different things

3. Regular grind / rigid to customs

4. Limited behave

5. Hurt yourself

Other disorders that can accompany autism:

1. Sensory disturbances, such as pain and do not know do not know the dangers

2. Motion system disorders such as muscle weakness, poor motor skills, walking
on tiptoe, the harmony of movement disorders

3. There is excessive focusing on something, such as a spinning happy to see
things, love to hear the sound of rain

Most parents know the symptoms of autism in children aged 18 months, but has
been able to recognize the early symptoms at an earlier age, such as:

a. No eye contact during feeding

b. Can not babbling at 12 months

c. Showed no communication with cues such as pointing, waving his hand at the
age of 12 months

d. Have not been able to speak one word at the age of 16 months

e. Loss of language skills or interactions at each stage of development

Steps that should be a parent or family:

1. If there is a disruption of the above, check the child for further assessment

2. Use an appropriate way of handling the child's condition because the child's
treatment will vary according to the condition
3. Enlist the help of health professionals to determine the proper handling

4. Perform handling behavior and intelligence at an early age through special
education programs are constantly helping autistic children improve the
independence, social interaction skills, communication skills, and reduce
behavioral disturbances

5. Give medication as directed by a doctor

6. Do not delay treatment because it will have an effect on the subsequent
development

				
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