Starting Date EB clarification

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					       Roundtable on Validation and
              Verification

        Uncertainties in methodology
interpretations for project developers based
               on an example
           Washington, 25.08.09
                                                Overview
   • Methodology interpretation case
   • Terminology and its interpretation by project
     developers
   • Timeframes of interpretations/communications
   • Conclusion




Kai M. Windhorst, UNIQUE forestry consultants   Roundtable on Validation, Washington, 15.08.09   Folie 2
                                  Example: Starting Date

   EB clarification
   ( Starting date of an SSC A/R CDM project activity (SSC A/R)

   The starting date of an SSC A/R CDM project activity is the date at which
     the implementation or real action of an SSC A/R CDM project activity
     begins, resulting in actual net GHG removals by sinks. A CDM
     afforestation and reforestation project activity starting after 1 January
     2000 can also be validated and registered after 31 December 2005 as
     long as the first verification of the project activity occurs after
     the date of registration of this project activity.

   Given that the crediting period starts at the same date as the starting date
      of the project activity, the projects starting 2000 onwards can accrue
      tCERs/lCERs as of the starting date. This clarification was provided by
      the Board in paragraph 64, of its twenty-first meeting report and
      stipulates that provisions of paragraphs 12 and 13 of decision 17/CP.7
      do not apply to CDM afforestation and reforestation project activities.


Kai M. Windhorst, UNIQUE forestry consultants   Roundtable on Validation, Washington, 15.08.09   Folie 3
               Different perception of starting date
   When does implementation or real action start?
   Contact with communities, legal arrangements finalized, raising of
     seedlings…

   Which activity is resulting in actual GHG removals?
   Planting (area fully planted - verification, projected planting start date -
      PDD)

   Validation issue:
   Evidence for start date, what is realistic evidence for PDD validation?

   Consequences for BioCF Project in Uganda:
   Retrofit of start date because different interpretations by involved project
      proponents
    subsequent retrofit because of validation prolonged into actual
      implementation
   (two reviews of PDD and GHG removal calculations)

Kai M. Windhorst, UNIQUE forestry consultants   Roundtable on Validation, Washington, 15.08.09   Folie 4
                    Timeline PDD development
            highlighting different potential starting date
                                                       06                  07                   08                     09
                                                       Q1   Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1    Q2   Q3   Q4   Q1     Q2   Q3   Q4    Q1       Q2   Q3   Q4
       EB decisions      Methodology revised
                         PDD format revised
       PDD template      v1
       versions          v2
                         v3
                         v4
                         v5
                         v6
       Validation        On site assessment
                         Draft validation report
                         Accreditation
       Clarification     Low income group
       requests          Eligibility (Satellite)
                         Boundaries of project
                         Project participants
                         Additionality (investment)
                         Starting Date
       Implementation    Planting
                         Community Training



Kai M. Windhorst, UNIQUE forestry consultants         Roundtable on Validation, Washington, 15.08.09                  Folie 5
                                                Conclusion
   • In the past 2 years steep joint learning curve for
     project developers and validators
   • Regulations continue to evolve – project developers
     can not follow up latest EB decisions and its
     interpretation, validators are „on-top“ of new
     developments due to their constant exposure to the
     „rules“
   • Capacity development and knowledge
     management required to ensure that new project
     developers will not face the same barriers
     (specialized guidance) and that project participants
     are aware of relevant new rules.

Kai M. Windhorst, UNIQUE forestry consultants   Roundtable on Validation, Washington, 15.08.09   Folie 6

				
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