village

Document Sample
village Powered By Docstoc
					    CHAPTER TWO


NATIVE AMERICANS OF NORTH
         AMERICA
        NATIVE AMERICANS OF NORTH
                 AMERICA
I.   The Eastern Woodland Indians
     A. The Iroquois
          1. Five Eastern Woodlands tribes formed the Iroquois League—Seneca, Cayuga,
     Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk
          2. Lands are linked by the Iroquois Trail
     B. Living in the Woodlands
          1. Used land and its resources for food, shelter, clothing, and transportation needs
          2. Lived in longhouses made from trees and their bark
          3. Hunted deer for food and clothing
     C. Iroquois Beliefs and Customs
          1. Used ceremonies and symbols to honor nature and mark important events
          2. Wampum was highly valued—used as gifts and invitations to peace talks
     D. The Iroquois Today
          1. Most live on reservations in New York
          2. They blend traditional ways with modern life
     NATIVE AMERICANS OF NORTH
              AMERICA
II. The Great Plains
   A. Life on the Plains
       1. Plains peoples were mostly farmers and hunters
       2. They were the Lakota Sioux, Pawnee, Osage, Cheyenne, and Algonquian
       3. They lived in tepees and used a travois to carry goods
       4. Buffalo was the main source of food and materials
   B. The Cheyenne
       1. Made use of the horse from Spanish settlements in nearby Mexico
       2. This greatly changed they way they were able to hunt
   C. The Cheyenne Today
       1. About 12,000 still live on the Great Plains today
       2. They continue to follow traditional customs such as a powwow
     NATIVE AMERICANS OF NORTH
              AMERICA
III. The Southwest Desert
   A. Living in a Dry Land
       1. Native Americans who lived in the Southwest Desert region were mainly
   hunters and farmers who lived in adobe villages
       2. They become known as the Pueblo Indians—Spanish word for village
       3. The Hopi are thought to be descendants of the Anasazi
   B. The Need for Rain
       1. The Hopi had many ceremonies for bringing rain, such as the snake dance
   and the kachina dance
       2. Beings called Kachinas were thought to bring rain
   C. The Hopi Today
       1. More than 7,000 Hopi continue to live on traditional lands in northern
   Arizona
       2. Many still follow ancient traditions and customs
     NATIVE AMERICANS OF NORTH
              AMERICA
IV. The Northwest Coast
   A. Rich Resources
       1. There were abundant natural resources such as sturdy cedar trees,
   forests filled with game, and waters filled with fish
       2. The tribe from that region was the Kwakiutl
       3. They held potlatch parties and carved totem poles
   B. Customs and Traditions
       1. The plentiful amount of resources allowed the Kwakiutl to develop
   beautiful objects
       2. Some of these objects were: masks, rattles, and serving dishes
       3. A shaman took care of their health needs
   C. The Kwakiutl Today
       1. Only about 4,000 Kwakiutl still survive
       2. Their life is a blend of modern and traditional culture

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:8
posted:10/29/2012
language:Latin
pages:5