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_CBR_ AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT - ADDC __ Australian

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_CBR_ AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT - ADDC __ Australian Powered By Docstoc
					 RESEARCH ON COMMUNITY BASED
REHABILITATION (CBR) AND INCLUSIVE
          DEVELOPMENT


          MAYA THOMAS
 CBR AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT
 INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT IS A GOAL; CBR A
  STRATEGY TO ACHIEVE IT
 RATIONALE: NO ONE SHOULD BE EXCLUDED
  FROM DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES FOR ANY
  REASON
 CBR USES PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY
  DEVELOPMENT - SOCIAL JUSTICE, SELF
  DETERMINATION, PARTICIPATION, AND
  REFLECTION –TO MAKE DEVELOPMENT
  INCLUSIVE OF ALL PERSONS WITH
  DISABILITY.
CBR AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT
 CBR USES A ‘TWIN-TRACK’ APPROACH TO
 ACHIEVE THE GOAL OF INCLUSIVE
 DEVELOPMENT:
  WORKING WITH PERSONS WITH
   DISABILITY TO BUILD THEIR CAPACITY
   TO BECOME SELF-ADVOCATES;
  WORKING WITH THE COMMUNITY AND
   SOCIETY AT LARGE TO REMOVE
   BARRIERS THAT EXCLUDE PERSONS
   WITH DISABILITY
     CBR TODAY
 WELL RECOGNISED, LONG-SURVIVING ‘BRAND
    NAME’ IN THE DEVELOPMENT SECTOR
   WHO 2007 SURVEY: 92 COUNTRIES HAD CBR
    PROJECTS AND PROGRAMS : 35 IN AFRICA, 26 IN
    ASIA, 24 IN LATIN AMERICA AND 7 IN EUROPE.
    3 SUCCESSFUL CBR CONFERENCES IN AFRICA (4TH
    IN NIGERIA IN OCTOBER 2010).
    1ST ASIA PACIFIC CBR CONGRESS IN 2009 WITH 700
    DELEGATES.
   2004 JOINT POSITION PAPER (ILO, UNESCO, WHO)
   WHO CBR GUIDELINES TO BE RELEASED OCTOBER
    2010
   UN CRPD : ARTICLES 19 AND 26
   NEED FOR RESEARCH
 “CBR IS DATA RICH AND EVIDENCE POOR”
  (KUYPERS, 2006).
 EVALUATIONS AND SOME REVIEW STUDIES HAVE
  DOCUMENTED POSITIVE BENEFITS OF CBR
 MUCH LITERATURE IN “GREY” DOMAIN –
  UNPUBLISHED REPORTS
 INCREASING CALLS FOR PUBLISHED EVIDENCE
  BASE FOR POLICY AND DECISION-MAKING, NOW
  THAT CBR IS BECOMING A WIDELY ACCEPTED
  STRATEGY

 (Kuipers P, Hartley S. A process for the systematic review
  of community-based rehabilitation evaluation reports:
  formulating evidence for policy and practice. Int J Rehabil
  Res 2006;29(1):27-30)
SOME RECENT WORK
  UNDP RESEARCH PROJECT ON “COPING WITH THE
   TSUNAMI: PERSPECTIVES OF PERSONS WITH
   DISABILITY” IN TAMIL NADU, INDIA, FOCUSING ON
   INCLUSION OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITY IN RELIEF
   AND RECONSTRUCTION, BARRIERS FACED AND
   STRATEGIES FOR INCLUSION (2007).
  EVALUATION OF BASIC NEEDS INDIA MENTAL HEALTH
   AND DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME, INDIA (2008)
  COMMONWEALTH FOUNDATION, UK, STUDY ON “THE
   UN CRPD – CHALLENGES AND IMPEDIMENTS FROM
   RATIFICATION TO IMPLEMENTATION IN
   COMMONWEALTH MEMBER COUNTRIES” (2008-9)
 WORK ON INDICATORS TO MEASURE CBR
 EFFECTIVENESS.

 EXPERT GROUP CONSTITUTED BY UN
 DESA, FOR “MAINSTREAMING DISABILITY IN
 MDG POLICIES, PROCESSES AND
 MECHANISMS: DEVELOPMENT FOR ALL”,
 GENEVA (2009).

 EXPERT GROUP TO DETERMINE
 RESEARCH PRIORITIES FOR A DFID-UK
 FUNDED CROSS-CUTTING DISABILITY
 RESEARCH PROGRAMME BASED AT
 UNIVERSITY COLLEGE LONDON, (2010).
POSSIBLE RESEARCH QUESTIONS RELATED TO
CBR AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT
1. HOW EFFECTIVE ARE CBR PROGRAMS I N
   PROMOTING RIGHTS AND IMPROVING ACCESS TO
   DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE (POVERTY
   ALLEVIATION, HOUSING, EDUCATION,
   EMPLOYMENT, SOCIAL SECURITY) FOR PERSONS
   WITH DISABILITY?
2. TO WHAT EXTENT ARE PERSONS WITH DISABILITY
   INCLUDED IN MDG?
3. WHAT ARE THE KEY FACTORS INFLUENCING
   IMPLEMENTATION OF CRPD IN DIFFERENT
   COUNTRIES? HOW EFFECTIVE ARE DPOS IN
   THIS? WHAT IS THE LEVEL OF AWARENESS AND
   ENGAGEMENT ON CRPD AMONG MAINSTREAM
   DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES.?
  RESEARCH QUESTIONS
4. HOW CAN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS IN
  DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (ESPECIALLY
  REMOTE RURAL AREAS) BECOME MORE
  RESPONSIVE TO NEEDS OF PERSONS WITH
  DISABILITY?
5 TO WHAT EXTENT IS THERE ACCESS TO
  UNIVERSAL DESIGN?
6. WHAT IS THE STATUS OF IMPLEMENTATION OF
  EXISTING DISABILITY SPECIFIC LEGISLATION;
  AND AWARENESS OF SUCH LEGISLATION
  AMONG PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS?
   RESEARCH QUESTIONS
7 .TO WHAT EXTENT DO MAINSTREAM
   DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES INCLUDE DISABILITY
   ISSUES? ARE THERE STATED POLICIES? IF SO
   TO WHAT EXTENT ARE THEY IMPLEMENTED?
   ARE PERSONS WITH DISABILITY PART OF THE
   ORGANISATIONS AT DIFFERENT LEVELS?
8. HOW CAN KEY STAKEHOLDERS (GOVERNMENT,
   DPOS, NGOS) WORK TOGETHER TO ENSURE
   INCLUSION OF DISABILITY INTO ALL
   DEVELOPMENT PROCESSES (INCLUDING
   CONFLICT AND CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUES )?
9. WHAT ARE THE GAPS IN EXISTING DATA ON
   DISABILITY AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT ?
   RESEARCH QUESTIONS
10. WHAT ARE THE BARRIERS TO INCLUSION OF
    MARGINALISED GROUPS WITHIN THE
    DISABILITY SECTOR - DUE TO ETHNICITY,
    GENDER, SEXUALITY, LOCATION (UNREACHED
    COMMUNITIES), CATEGORY OF IMPAIRMENT?
11. CAN “GREY” LITERATURE BE CONVERTED TO
    PUBLISHED EVIDENCE? PROJECT TO WRITE
    AND PUBLISH PEER-REVIEWED ARTICLES ON
    THE EFFECTIVENESS OF CBR CURRENTLY
    ONLY AVAILABLE IN UNPUBLISHED REPORTS.,
    (VELEMA ET AL)
GAPS
 NEED FOR VEHICLES FOR DISSEMINATION
 OF RESEARCH:
  APDRJ
  CBR AFRICA BOOKS
  CBR ASIA-PACIFIC BOOK TO BE RELEASED
  NOVEMBER 2010


 NEED TO BUILD RESEARCH / WRITING
 CAPACITY IN ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
FUNDING
 THIS CONTINUES TO BE A MAJOR GAP
 DONOR COMMUNITY MUST RECOGNIZE
 THAT IN ORDER TO PRODUCE EVIDENCE,
 FUNDS MUST BE AVAILABLE FOR RESEARCH
 ON DISABILITY AND DEVELOPMENT, WHICH
 SHOULD BE APART FROM/ IN ADDITION TO,
 FUNDS ALLOCATED FOR PROGRAM
 IMPLEMENTATION.
THANK YOU!

				
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