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of Information for Authors Journal of Neuroscience

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									Journal of Neuroscience                                      neural mechanisms. Mini-Reviews provide an overview
                                                             of a single theme or topic for the broad neuroscience
Instructions for Authors                                     audience. Mini-Reviews consist of a series of 3-5 short
                                                             reviews from experts on related and complementary
Revised September 2012                                       issues related to the general topic.
The Journal of Neuroscience is the official Journal of the
Society for Neuroscience. The Journal publishes papers                                 Fees
on a broad range of topics of general interest to those
working on the nervous system. All papers accepted for       Submission Fees
publication in The Journal will appear simultaneously in     A submission fee of $125 must be paid when submitting
both the print Journal and online.                           a Regular Manuscript or Brief Communication. A fee is
                                                             also required when resubmitting an article that was
           General Information
                                                             previously rejected. No submission fee is required for
           Fees                                             features (Journal Clubs, Toolboxes, Commentaries,
           Policies                                         etc.). The submission fee covers a portion of the costs
           Preparing Manuscript                             associated with peer review.
           Submitting Manuscript
                                                             The submission fee must be paid by credit card when
           Revising/Finalizing a Manuscript                 you submit your manuscript at the eJournalPress site:
           Correcting Errors in Published Articles          (http://jneurosci.msubmit.net/cgi-bin/main.plex). A ―Pay
                                                             and Submit‖ button will allow you to enter credit card
                                                             information after you have uploaded your documents. A
                                                             printable receipt will be accessible through your Author
             General Information                             Center after payment is made.
Types of Articles                                            If you have any technical difficulties or questions, please
Research Articles                                            contact The Journal’s Central Office at jn@sfn.org.
The Journal of Neuroscience publishes two types of           Submission fees are waived for manuscripts submitted
research reports, Regular Manuscripts and Brief              from certain countries. See The Journal’s Reduced Fee
Communications, both of which are restricted to 500          Policy
word Introductions and 1500 word Discussions.                (http://www.jneurosci.org/site/misc/ifa_redfees.xhtml).
Additionally, Brief Communications are restricted to 4
                                                             A separate publication fee is required for articles that are
display items (figures or multimedia) and 4500 words
                                                             accepted for publication.
overall, including figure legends and references.
                                                             Publication Fees
Journal Clubs
Journal Clubs are scholarly reviews of papers recently       Publication Fee
published in The Journal of Neuroscience. Only               The Journal of Neuroscience charges a publication fee
                                                             of $980 for Regular Manuscripts and $490 for Brief
graduate students and post-docs may be authors on
                                                             Communications. There is no fee for feature articles
Journal Club articles.                                       (Journal Clubs, Commentaries, etc.). Accepted
                                                             manuscripts will not move into the production process
Letters to the Editor                                        until payment has been received.
The Journal of Neuroscience does not publish letters to
the editor in the print edition. Responses to articles may   Color Charges
be submitted online via a link on the article's web page.    The Journal offers free color for figures when color is
Responses will also be visible via the Letters to the        judged essential by the editors and when the first and
                                                             last authors are members of the Society for
Editor link on The Journal's home page at
                                                             Neuroscience. There is no fee for color figures in
http://www.jneurosci.org/letters.                            features articles (Journal Clubs, Disease Focus, etc.).
Invited Articles                                             The cost for other color figures is $1,000 each. To join or
The Journal of Neuroscience publishes a variety of           renew your Society membership, visit:
                                                             http://www.sfn.org/index.cfm?pagename=membership.
invited feature articles. Toolboxes provide a critical
overview of a neuroscience method or technology that is      Open Choice
becoming widely used. Disease Focus articles provide         Authors may pay a fee to make their published article
brief overviews of a neural disease or syndrome and          freely available on The Journal's website as soon as it is
describe how that disorder might be linked to basic          published. The titles of open access articles are

        www.jneurosci.org                                                      SfN Instructions for Authors     i
highlighted as "Free Access" in the online table of           The Journal of Neuroscience generally does not
contents of The Journal, and anyone can access either         consider manuscripts that have been previously
the HTML or PDF version of the article. Authors will be       published. Exceptions are made for published abstracts,
asked if they want the Open Choice option in the email        theses, and posters or manuscripts that have been
that is sent when the manuscript is accepted.                 posted on the Internet for the purpose of receiving
                                                              commentary from the community. Online posting is
The Open Choice fee is in addition to the normal              typically done at a prepublication repository that has
publication and color charges. The fee is $2,575 for          been designed for the purpose, but posting on an
Regular Manuscripts and $1,290 for Brief                      institutional web site or other Internet location is
Communications. These fees are intended to cover the          acceptable.
cost of peer reviewing, producing, and hosting an online
article.                                                      It is essential that the authors retain the copyright for any
                                                              prepublished material that they submit to The Journal,
Reduced Charges                                               and that they are willing and able to relinquish to The
Publication charges are reduced for manuscripts               Journal any copyrights and/or licenses that The Journal
submitted from some countries. See The Journal’s              requires for publication of accepted manuscripts.
Reduced Fee Policy                                            Authors should realize that other journals might not
(http://www.jneurosci.org/site/misc/ifa_redfees.xhtml).       consider prepublished material and that prepublication
Payment                                                       will restrict their alternatives when a manuscript is not
Fees should be paid by credit card. If a credit card          accepted by The Journal.
cannot be used, a check or wire transfer can be
accepted. Purchase orders are no longer accepted.             Policy on DNA Sequences
                                                              In general, only complete genomic and cDNA sequences
Help                                                          will be accepted for publication. The accuracy of the
For payment questions, please contact The Journal             sequence must be confirmed by analyses of both
Central Office at jn@sfn.org.                                 strands. By the time a paper is sent to press, sequences
                                                              must be deposited in a database generally accessible to
                       Policies                               the neuroscience community; the sequence accession
                                                              number should be provided. Exceptions to this policy
In submitting a manuscript to The Journal, all authors        may be considered on an individual basis.
must agree to abide by all relevant Society for
Neuroscience policies, including its Guidelines for           Policy Concerning Availability of Materials
Responsible Conduct Regarding Scientific                      The Journal of Neuroscience subscribes to the policy of
Communication. Manuscripts with multiple authors are          The Journal of Cell Biology on image manipulation,
reviewed with the explicit understanding that all authors     which it modifies as follows.
have seen and approve of the submitted version and
                                                              Original data: The editors reserve the right to request
agree to abide by the Society's policies.
                                                              any original data from authors at any stage in the
The Journal recognizes its responsibility to ensure that      submission, review, or publication process, including
questions of scientific misconduct or dishonesty in           after publication. Failure to provide requested
research are adequately pursued. Should scientific            information may result in publication delays or revocation
misconduct or dishonesty be suspected or alleged, The         of acceptance.
Journal reserves the right to forward any submitted
                                                              Image manipulation: All images in manuscripts accepted
manuscript and associated material to the sponsoring
                                                              for publication will be scrutinized by our production
institution, funding agency, or other appropriate authority
                                                              department for any indication of manipulation that is
for investigation.
                                                              inconsistent with the following guidelines. Manipulation
Policy on Ethics                                              that violates these guidelines may result in production
It is expected that authors submitting papers to The          delays or revocation of acceptance.
Journal of Neuroscience will have conducted their work
                                                                     No specific feature within an image may be
in strict accordance with the Society's Policy on Ethics.
                                                                      enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or
Policies on the Use of Animals and Humans in                          introduced.
Neuroscience Research                                                Constructing figures using images taken from
All animal experimentation reported in the Journal must               different parts of the same gel, or from different
have been conducted in accordance with the Society's                  gels, is discouraged. But when this is necessary
Policies on the Use of Animals and Humans in                          it must be made explicit by the arrangement of
Neuroscience Research.                                                the figure (e.g., using dividing lines) and in the
                                                                      text of the figure legend.
Policy on Prepublication                                             Recordings obtained at different time points or
                                                                      from different sites must not be spliced together

        www.jneurosci.org                                                      SfN Instructions for Authors      ii
        to give the appearance of a continuous record.         Policy Concerning Availability of Materials
        Authors must make it clear in the figure legend        It is understood that by publishing a paper in The Journal
        how many different recordings are illustrated.         of Neuroscience the author(s) agree to make freely
       Adjustments to images or recordings are                available to colleagues in academic research any clones
        acceptable if they are applied uniformly to all        of cells, nucleic acids, antibodies, etc. that were used in
        portions of the image or recording, and as long        the research reported and that are not available from
        as they do not obscure, eliminate, or                  commercial suppliers.
        misrepresent information present in the original,
        including the background. Adjustments involving        Contact Information
        filtering or scaling (e.g., brightness, contrast, or
        color balance) must be applied to every pixel in       Society for Neuroscience Central Office
        the image or applied uniformly to an entire
        recording. Non-linear adjustments (e.g.,               The Journal of Neuroscience
        changes to gamma settings) or deleting portions        Society for Neuroscience
        of a recording (e.g. leak subtraction or stimulus      1121 14th Street, NW, Suite 1010
        artifacts) must be disclosed in the figure legend.     Washington, DC 20005 USA
                                                               Email: jn@sfn.org
       The minimum resolution for images is 300 dpi.
                                                               Phone: 202-962-4000
       At the time of acceptance, authors will be
        required to submit uncropped images of
                                                               Editor-in-Chief
        complete gels for comparison to the prepared
        figures. If original data cannot be produced, the      Dr. John H. R. Maunsell
        acceptance of the manuscript may be revoked.           Department of Neurobiology
                                                               Harvard Medical School
Scale bars: All illustrations documenting results must
                                                               220 Longwood Avenue
include a bar to indicate the scale.
                                                               Boston, MA 02115 USA
Molecular weights and fragment sizes: The migration of         Email: JNeurosci@hms.harvard.edu
protein molecular weight size markers or nucleic acid
size markers must be indicated and labeled                                Preparing a Manuscript
appropriately (e.g., "kD", "nt", "bp") on all figure panels
showing gel electrophoresis.                                   Regular Manuscripts
Copyright Policy                                               Organization of the Manuscript
Copyright of all material published in The Journal of          Manuscripts must be written in English. The entire text
Neuroscience remains with the authors. The authors             should be double-spaced, including references.
grant the Society for Neuroscience an exclusive license        Submitting an incomplete manuscript or a manuscript
to publish their work for the first 6 months. After 6          that does not adhere to the word limits will cause a delay
months the work becomes available to the public to             in review.
copy, distribute, or display under a Creative Commons
Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported             Multiple-part papers are discouraged. Although this
license. All authors should sign the license. If this is not   arrangement is sometimes necessary, authors will often
feasible, the corresponding author can sign on behalf of       be asked to collapse multiple papers into a single
the authors unless from NIH. To obtain the latest version      manuscript.
of the NIH Publishing Agreement and Manuscript Cover
Sheet please click here:                                       The Journal of Neuroscience no longer accepts
http://www1.od.nih.gov/oir/sourcebook/oversight/NIHCov         supplemental material or appendices. Authors may host
er%20Sheet.pdf.                                                supporting material on an external web site by providing
                                                               a URL pointing to that site and a brief description of its
The Journal of Neuroscience License to Publish form            contents. No reference may be made to this URL or
can be found at                                                supplemental material, or any other author site, in the
http://www.jneurosci.org/site/misc/License_to_Publish.pd       manuscript text. See Supplemental Material for more
f. You may also contact jn@sfn.org to have a License to        information.
Publish form sent to you. Promptly returning the license
will avoid publication delays. A scanned copy of a signed      URLs for other sites that provide useful information may
form can be sent to jn@sfn.org. Alternatively, the form        be included in manuscripts (e.g., a link to a page giving
may be faxed to 202-962-4945, or mailed to:                    complete details about a mouse strain), providing such
                                                               sites are not promotional and their content is not
                                                               essential for interpreting the results of the study.
The Journal of Neuroscience
Society for Neuroscience                                       Manuscripts must include the following sections in the
1121 14th Street, NW, Suite 1010                               order listed:
Washington, DC 20005 USA
        www.jneurosci.org                                                        SfN Instructions for Authors   iii
       Title Page                                             The group name must be spelled out. A statement in the
       Abstract                                               acknowledgements may specify the contribution(s) of the
       Introduction (500 words maximum, including             group and may include a URL that provides further
        citations)                                             information about the group (such as a list of its
       Materials & Methods                                    membership), but may not list individual group members
       Results                                                or differentiate contributions made by subgroups or
       Discussion (1500 words maximum, including              individuals within the group.
        citations)
                                                               Author Affiliations: Authors affiliations should be their
       References
                                                               home institutions at the time when their primary
       Legends                                                contribution to the research was made. If an author's
       Illustrations and Tables                               current affiliation differs, the current affiliation may be
                                                               listed as a separate paragraph in the
Brief Communications are subject to the same word
                                                               Acknowledgements.
restrictions, with the additional requirement that the
abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results,        Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements should be used
discussion, references, and figure legends cannot              to identify all funding sources. Acknowledgements may
exceed 4500 words.                                             also be used to note intellectual, technical or other
                                                               assistance that does not warrant authorship. Individuals
Title Page
                                                               should be informed before the publication of any such
The first page of the manuscript should be a title page
                                                               acknowledgements and given the opportunity to decline
with the following:
                                                               the recognition. Promotional statements are not
      Title (50 word maximum)                                 permitted. Funding sources should be listed first with any
      Abbreviated title (50 character maximum)                acknowledgements of assistance following.
      Author names and affiliations, including postal
         codes                                                 Dedications: The Journal generally does not allow
      Corresponding author with complete address,             dedications. The only exception we allow is dedications
         including an email address and postal code            to recently deceased neuroscientists who made a
      Number of pages                                         specific scientific contribution to the work described in
      Number of figures, tables, multimedia and 3D            the article. If the recently deceased person was one of
         models (separately)                                   the authors of the current paper, his or her date of death
      Number of words for Abstract, Introduction, and         should be included. We do not allow dedications to living
         Discussion (separately)                               people.
      (For Brief Communications) Total number of
         words (Abstract, Introduction, Materials &            Conflict of interest: Conflict of interest declarations are
         Methods, Results, Discussion, References and          included in the Acknowledgments section. For "no
         Figure Legends)                                       conflict," the current preferred wording is: "The authors
      Contents of supplemental material (if applicable,       declare no competing financial interests." It is expected
         see Supplemental Material)                            that authors submitting papers to The Journal of
      Conflict of Interest                                    Neuroscience are in accordance with the Society's
      Acknowledgements                                        Policy on Conflict of Interest.

Author Names: Authors who normally write their names           Abstract (250 words maximum, including citations)
in non-Latin characters may include their names in their       The abstract should be clearly written and readily
                                                               comprehensible to the broad readership of The Journal.
native writing system in parentheses immediately
                                                               It should provide a concise summary of the objectives,
following a transliterated version, for example, Jingbing
                                                               methodology (including the species studied), key results,
Xue (薛晶冰). Any non-Latin languages that can be
                                                               and major conclusions of the study. It should be written
represented in Unicode characters will be accepted. This       in complete sentences, without subheadings.
second rendering is allowed only for the original written
form of a transliterated name, and may not be used to          Introduction (500 words maximum, including
include nicknames, degrees, ranks, titles, etc. Please         citations)
size the name, including the surrounding parentheses, in       The Introduction should briefly indicate the objectives of
your manuscript .pdf file so that it can be used as a          the study and provide enough background information to
graphic to produce the name in the final article.              clarify why the study was undertaken and what
                                                               hypotheses were tested.
The name of a formal group or consortium may be
included in the author list only if that group made            Materials and Methods
essential contributions to the results and there is at least   The materials and methods section should be brief but
one individual author in addition to the group. The            sufficient to allow other investigators to repeat the
individual authors must be listed first followed by, "for      research (see also Policy Concerning Availability of
<Group Name>". We do not allow "and <Group Name>".             Materials). Reference should be made to published
        www.jneurosci.org                                                       SfN Instructions for Authors       iv
procedures wherever possible; this applies to the original     personal communication). Authors are responsible for all
description and pertinent published modifications. The         personal communications and must obtain written
sex of subjects should be stated. All companies from           approval from persons cited before submitting the paper
which materials were obtained should be listed. If             to the Journal. Proof of such approval may be requested
materials were obtained from an individual, an affiliation     by the Journal.
for that individual should be listed. A manuscript that
presents only a theory may omit the Materials and              References should be cited in the text as follows: "The
Methods section.                                               procedure used has been described elsewhere (Green,
                                                               1978),"or "Our observations are in agreement with those
None of the Materials and Methods may be placed in             of Brown and Black (1979) and of White et al. (1980),"or
Supplemental Materials.                                        with multiple references, in chronological order: "Earlier
                                                               reports (Brown and Black, 1979, 1981; White et al.,
Results                                                        1980; Smith, 1982, 1984).... "
This section should present clearly but succinctly the
experimental findings. Only results essential to establish     In the list of references (to be typed double-spaced),
the main points of the work should be included.                papers should be given in alphabetical order according
                                                               to the surname of the first author. In two-author papers
Numerical data should be analyzed using appropriate            with the same first author, the order is alphabetical by
statistical tests. Authors must provide detailed               the second author's name. In three-or-more-author
information for each statistical test applied including: the   papers with the same first author, the order is
type of test; specific p values (not > or <); degrees of       chronological. The name of the author(s) should be
freedom; population size; definition of population (e.g.,      followed by the date in parentheses, the full title of the
number of individual measurements, number of animals,          paper as it appeared in the original together with the
number of slices, number of times treatment was                source of the reference, the volume number, and the first
applied, etc.); and if performed, what correction was          and last pages. Do not number or bullet the references.
used to adjust for multiple pairwise comparisons.              If the author list for a paper in the references exceeds
                                                               20, the paper should be cited as Author A et al. The
For guidelines on how to report statistical results, see       following illustrate the format to be used:
Bailar, JC, Mosteller, F (1988) Guidelines for statistical
reporting in articles for medical Journals. Ann Intern         Journal article
Med, 108:266-273; Curran-Everitt, D, Benos DJ, (2004)
Guidelines for reporting statistics in Journals published      Hamill OP, Marty A, Neher E, Sakmann B, Sigworth F
by the American Physiological Society. J Neurophysiol,         (1981) Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-
92:669-671; Lang, TA, Secic, M (2006) How to report            resolution current recordings from cells and cell free
statistics in medicine: annotated guidelines for authors,      membrane patches. Pflugers Arch 391:85-100.
editors and reviewers, 2nd edition, Philadelphia, PA,
ACP Press; Sarter M, Fritschy JM (2008) Eur J Neurosci         Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952a) The components of
28:2363-2364.                                                  membrane conductance in the giant axon of Loligo. J
                                                               Physiol (Lond) 116:473-496.
Discussion (1500 words maximum, including
citations)                                                     Hodgkin AL, Huxley AF (1952b) The dual effect of
The discussion section should be as concise as possible        membrane potential on sodium conductance in the giant
and should include a brief statement of the principal          axon of Loligo. J Physiol (Lond) 116:497-506.
findings, a discussion of the validity of the observations,
                                                               Book
a discussion of the findings in light of other published
work dealing with the same or closely related subjects,        Hille B (1984) Ionic channels of excitable membranes.
and a statement of the possible significance of the work.      Sunderland, MA: Sinauer.
Extensive discussion of the literature is discouraged.         Chapter in a book

References                                                     Stent GS (1981) Strength and weakness of the genetic
Only published and "in press" (i.e., accepted for              approach to the development of the nervous system. In:
publication in a specific journal or book) references          Studies in developmental neurobiology: essays in honor
should appear in the reference list at the end of the          of Viktor Hamburger (Cowan WM, ed), pp288-321. New
paper. The latest information on "in press" references         York: Oxford UP.
should be provided. Any "in press" references that are
relevant for reviewers to see in order to make a well-         Abbreviations of journal titles should follow those listed
informed evaluation should be included as a separate           in the Index Medicus. Responsibility for the correctness
document text file along with the submitted manuscript.        of the references lies with the author(s). After manuscript
"Submitted" references should be cited only in text and        revisions, authors should double-check that all in-text
in the following form: (A. B. Smith, C. D. Johnson, and E.     citations are in the reference list and that all references
Greene, unpublished observations). The form for                on the reference list have at least one corresponding in-
personal communications is similar: (F. G. Jackson,            text citation. Failure to do so will result in the delay of
        www.jneurosci.org                                                        SfN Instructions for Authors   v
proof generation and possibly publication. Please make       essential to defend the articles conclusions and 2) could
sure that the References are double-spaced and no            not be presented adequately in the text, a table, or a
bullets, numbers, or other listing formats are used.         figure. The editors will review all multimedia and 3D
                                                             models to determine whether they are essential. It is
Legends                                                      unlikely that more than one or two multimedia files that
Manuscripts that include illustrations (figures,             illustrate representative examples will be considered
multimedia, or 3D models) must include legends as part       justified. Non-essential multimedia can be posted on an
of the main manuscript text. A legend must be supplied       institutional or other web site (see Supplemental
for each illustration. Figures, models, and multimedia       Material).
files should be numbered independently. The text of the
article should refer to figures as "Figure 1", "Figure 2",   Text Citation
etc., models as "Model 1", "Model 2", etc., and              Multimedia and 3D models must be numbered
multimedia files as "Movie 1", "Movie 2", etc. These text    independently of figures and tables, and cited at the
citations of Figures, etc., need to be in numerical order,   relevant point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Movie 1",
in part to aid in placing the illustrations in the proper    "Movie 2, and "Model1", "Model 2".
position on the printed page.
                                                             Title
Illustrations and Tables                                     A title should be part of the legend and not lettered onto
All illustrations must adhere to The Journal's Policy on     the multimedia or 3D model itself.
Image Manipulation.
                                                             Legends
The Journal of Neuroscience will publish multimedia and      A legend must be included in the manuscript document
3D models embedded in the HTML and PDF versions of           after the reference list and not included in the video or
articles. Multimedia and models will be displayed in line    3D model itself. Legends should include sufficient detail
with the article text, as is done for figures. Authors       to be intelligible without reference to the text. Legends
should be aware that multimedia and 3D models will be        must define all symbols and include essential
unavailable to readers who only access the printed           information, such as scale bar dimensions. If videos are
version. See Illustrations and Tables for details on         not in real time and the time is not displayed in the video,
preparing material.                                          the period represented must be stated in the legend.
                                                             Rather than stating "See text," legends should be more
Tables should be included in the manuscript file, but        specific; for example, "See Results".
figures, models, and 3D models must be submitted as
                                                             Size
separate files (see Illustrations and Tables for
                                                             Videos and 3D models must be submitted at the size
acceptable file formats).
                                                             they are to appear in The Journal of Neuroscience. They
                                                             should be the smallest size that will convey the essential
                                                             scientific information, and sized to 1 column (maximum
Multimedia Files, Figures, and Tables
                                                             width 8.5 cm), 1.5 columns (maximum width 11.6 cm), or
Illustration Preparation:                                    2 columns (maximum width 17.6 cm).
Illustrations must conform to The Journal's Policy on
Image Manipulation. Authors must retain their                Format
unprocessed data and metadata files, as editors may          Multimedia files must be in AVI, MOV, or MP4 format,
request them to aid in manuscript evaluation. If             and should not be larger than one megabyte. For videos,
unprocessed data are unavailable, manuscript                 authors should provide a preview image, or poster
evaluation may be halted until the issue is resolved. If     frame, that best captures the main point. 3D models
the original data cannot be produced, the manuscript         must be in U3D format.
may be rejected.
                                                             Figures
Multimedia and 3D Models                                     Text Citation
The Journal of Neuroscience will publish multimedia and      Figures must be numbered independently of tables,
3D models embedded in the HTML and PDF versions of           multimedia, and 3D models and cited at the relevant
articles. Essential multimedia and models will be            point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Figure 1", "Figure 2",
displayed in line with the article text, as is done for      etc. Do not duplicate data by presenting it both in the
figures. Authors should be aware that multimedia and 3D      text and in a figure.
models will not be available to readers who only access      Title
the printed version.                                         A title should be part of the legend and not lettered onto
                                                             the figure.
Authors should not use multimedia and 3D models
simply to enliven or embellish their article. Because they   Legends
substantially increase file sizes and are not available to   A legend must be included in the manuscript document
all readers, multimedia and 3D models will be accepted       after the reference list. Legends should include sufficient
only when they are needed to display findings that 1) are    detail to be intelligible without reference to the text.
        www.jneurosci.org                                                     SfN Instructions for Authors     vi
Legends must define all symbols and include essential          on how to reformat their files to meet those
information, such as scale bar dimensions. Rather than         specifications. Sign up at the Rapid Inspector web site:
stating "See text," legends should be more specific; for       http://rapidInspector.cadmus.com/RapidInspector/zo5/in
example, "See Results".                                        dex.jsp to download the application. If you have
                                                               problems downloading the application please see the
Size                                                           FAQs at the Cadmus site.
Figures must be submitted at the size they are to appear
in The Journal of Neuroscience. They should be the             Tables
smallest size that will convey the essential scientific        Text Citation
information, and sized to 1 column (maximum width 8.5          All tables must be numbered independently of figures,
cm), 1.5 columns (maximum width 11.6 cm) or 2                  multimedia and 3D models and cited at the relevant
columns (maximum width 17.6 cm).                               point in the manuscript text, e.g. "Table 1", "Table 2",
                                                               etc. Do not duplicate data by presenting it both in the
Format
                                                               text and in a table.
        Initial Submission - Figures may be included in a     Title
         single PDF file that contains the manuscript and      A title should appear above the table.
         all tables and figures.
        Revised Submission or Resubmission - Figures          Legends
         must be submitted only as separate files in TIFF      A legend for each table must be included in the
         or EPS format. Note: EPS images cannot use            manuscript document after the reference list. Legends
         the Adobe_CoolType_Utility. This is not               should include sufficient detail to be intelligible without
         compatible with the current image processing          reference to the text. Legends must define all symbols
         guidelines used by our online hosting provider.       and include essential information, such as scale bar
                                                               dimensions. Rather than stating "See text," legends
Color figures should be in RGB format and supplied at a        should be more specific; for example, "See Results."
minimum of 300 dpi. For information on converting files
to RGB format please see:                                      Format
http://www.jneurosci.org/site/misc/ifa_rgbworkflow.xhtml.      Each table should be double-spaced. Multiple-part tables
Color is considered essential in a figure if it is necessary   (A and B sections with separate "subtitles") should be
to accurately convey the information being presented by        avoided when possible, especially when there are two
the image. Non-essential color refers to figures in which      [different] sets [or types] of column headings.
the color is not necessary for the meaning of the image
to be made clear.                                              Below are examples of table styles to avoid:

For Figures in vector-based format, all fonts should be               Use of color or shading, bold or italic fonts, or
converted to outlines and saved as EPS (Encapsulated                   lines to highlight information is discouraged.
PostScript) to ensure that they are reproduced correctly.              Indention of text and, sometimes, additional
For information on converting to outlines, please see:                 space between lines is preferred.
http://www.jneurosci.org/site/misc/ifa_rgbworkflow.xhtml.             Tables with color or shading in the table body
                                                                       may need to be processed as an illustration
Monochrome (bitmap) images must be supplied at 1200                    (graphic).
dpi.
                                                               Abbreviations
Grayscale must be supplied at a minimum of 300 dpi.            Use nonstandard abbreviations only if a term appears
                                                               three or more times. Spell out the term at first
Remove top and right borderlines (that to not contain
                                                               occurrence, and introduce the abbreviation by placing it
measuring metrics) from all graph/histogram figure
                                                               in parentheses after the term. Units should conform to
panels (do not box the panels in).
                                                               the International System of Units (SI) (see Handbook of
Please remove any two-bar graphs/histograms and                Chemistry and Physics), except for temperatures, which
explain the values in the text (Two-bar                        should be expressed in degrees Celsius.
graphs/histograms are generally discouraged as they            Preferred Usage
tend not to convey a stronger message with a graphic as
                                                               The term killed is preferred to euthanized or sacrificed,
opposed to a text format).
                                                               which are considered euphemisms. If the word ―killed‖ is
To ensure that your figures will appear at the highest         objectionable, wording can be modified; e.g., ―the animal
quality, please review the detailed instructions for figure    was exsanguinated‖ instead of ―the animal was killed by
preparation at http://cpc.cadmus.com/da/index.jsp.To           exsanguination.‖
better assist our authors with digital art preparation, The
                                                               Italics are used for binomial nomenclature, gene names,
Journal has made available Cadmus' Rapid Inspector
                                                               genetically modified mice (e.g., mutants) and for certain
application, which alerts users when their files do not
meet acceptable specifications and provides instructions
         www.jneurosci.org                                                     SfN Instructions for Authors      vii
Latin terms, but not for emphasis (e.g., ―the Growth          to follow the new guidelines by hosting supplemental
group,‖ not ―the Growth group‖).                              material on their own web site may do so.

Some Standard Abbreviations (See Examples on                  The following file types are acceptable for video and
www.jneurosci.org)                                            data sets:

Supplemental Material                                                 htslp            gif             pdf
Effective November 1, 2010, The Journal of                            shtml            mov             xls
Neuroscience no longer accepts supplemental material                  html             mpg             ppt
for manuscripts. This change has been implemented to                  jpg              avi
address problems that were discussed in a recent
                                                              The total size of supplemental files should not exceed 3
editorial.
                                                              MB. Exceptions may be made for movie files at the
Submitted manuscripts must make no reference to               editor’s discretion, but these should not exceed 20 MB.
supplemental material. Reviewers and editors will not
evaluate supplemental material when deciding whether a        Brief Communications
manuscript is acceptable for publication. Reviewers will      Overview
be instructed to consider each submission as a self-          Brief Communications are short research articles
contained research report.                                    intended to present exciting findings that will have a
                                                              major impact in neuroscience. Brief Communications are
Published articles may optionally include a URL for an
                                                              limited to 4,500 words, including the abstract,
external web site that holds supplemental material,
                                                              introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion,
together with a brief description of the contents of the
                                                              references and figure legends. The total word count
supplemental material. Authors will have the opportunity
                                                              must be listed on the title page.
to provide an optional URL and description on the online
submission form for an invited revision. No references to     Additionally, Brief Communications may include no more
supplemental material may appear in the manuscript            than 4 figures, tables, multimedia, and/or 3D models,
text. The Journal recommends that authors arrange to          which together may occupy no more than one full page.
have supplemental material hosted on an institutional         It is not acceptable to move materials and methods or
web site that will provide permanent access.                  essential figures into supplemental material in order to
                                                              adhere to these limits.
The criteria for including material in the submitted
manuscript will remain the same as in the past, as            Manuscripts should be organized as described for
described in Organization of the Manuscript.                  Regular Manuscripts and the abstract, introduction, and
Supplemental material should not be moved into the            discussion must adhere to the word limits listed for
manuscript or into an appendix. The Journal does not          Regular Manuscripts. Authors will be contacted if their
publish appendices. Such material should be hosted            manuscript does not conform to these guidelines, and
externally, as described above.                               will be asked to reduce the content or reclassify the
                                                              paper as a Regular Manuscript.
Multimedia such as movies or 3D models can be
incorporated into published articles. However,
                                                              Journal Club
multimedia must be essential to be included in the
article. The editors will ask authors to remove inessential   The purpose of Journal Club articles is to provide
multimedia. Please see the Illustration and Table             scholarly reviews of papers recently published in The
Guidelines.                                                   Journal of Neuroscience. Journal Club articles appear in
                                                              the Features section at the front of each issue and are
Manuscripts submitted before November 1, 2010                 citable as a publication similar to a short review.
Supplemental materials will still be considered for
manuscripts submitted before November 1, 2010.                Requirements
Resubmissions of manuscripts that were rejected with          Only current graduate students and postdoctoral fellows
permission to resubmit are treated as new manuscripts         may write Journal Club articles. We encourage
and will be handled according to the date of the              submissions that represent a group effort, but all authors
resubmission, not the date that the rejected manuscript       must be graduate students or post-docs. Contributors
was submitted.                                                may author no more than one Journal Club in a 12-
                                                              month period.
All supplemental material, other than video and data
sets, should be uploaded as a single PDF. All                 The article to be reviewed must have been published
supplemental materials will be peer-reviewed and              within the past 2 months in The Journal of Neuroscience,
approved by the Senior Editor. Once an issue is               must not have been reviewed in another Journal Club
available online the supplemental data automatically          submission, and should not have been featured in This
becomes available online to readers. Authors who wish         Week in The Journal. Authors are encouraged to e-mail

        www.jneurosci.org                                                     SfN Instructions for Authors   viii
the Features Editor to find out whether another Journal         author affiliations (universities/research institutes etc.; for
Club is being written about the same article.                   graduate students, the affiliation should be listed as the
                                                                Graduate Program or Department), corresponding
Authors of Journal Club submissions are subject to the          author, corresponding author's contact information
same guidelines as reviewers concerning conflict of             (address, phone, and email address), abbreviated title,
interest. In particular, they should not be from the same       keywords (a minimum of six), and acknowledgments
institution or have any real or apparent conflict of interest   (optional).
with the authors of the article, for example having
recently collaborated with the authors or having done           Review Procedures
research that addresses the same question treated in            Journal Club submissions are examined by the editors
the article. For more details, see:                             for accuracy and appropriateness, but are generally not
http://www.sfn.org/index.cfm?pagename=responsibleCo             peer-reviewed. Submissions requiring more than minor
nduct.                                                          revisions will not be accepted because of the time
                                                                constraints. The most common reasons for rejection of a
Content and Format                                              Journal Club submission are failure to provide
The format follows that of Journal Club presentations in        sufficiently novel insights and failure to provide a cogent
neuroscience departments. We expect that authors of             and concise explanation of those insights. The editors
Journal Clubs will be working on a topic related to that of     reserve the right to balance acceptances among topics
the reviewed paper, and thus will be familiar with the          and institutions.
experimental approach. Journal Clubs should not focus
on the author's own work. We encourage critical                 Due to the large volume of submissions, we do not
reviews, but comments must be accurate, well-                   provide detailed reviews of Journal Club articles that are
reasoned, and diplomatic. Inappropriately harsh or              not accepted for publication. Decisions on the
glowing reviews will not be considered.                         acceptability of Journal Clubs are not subject to appeal.
In general, Journal Club articles should have three
components: a short overview of the background of the
reviewed paper, a critical data-based review of the key         The authors of the paper that is reviewed will be allowed
                                                                to read The Journal Club before publication. If the
findings, and a brief summary of the significance of the
paper. The Journal Club must offer more than a                  authors choose to reply, their response will be linked to
                                                                the published Journal Club.
summary of what was stated in the original article. For
example, it might provide a more in-depth explanation of        Submission Instructions
a new technique used in the paper, important caveats or         Journal Clubs must be submitted through The Journal of
interpretations that the author did not mention, or a           Neuroscience submission site. They do not require a
distinct interpretation of the results in the context of work   submission fee or publication fee. In using the on-line
that the author did not discuss (e.g., important findings       submission site, please follow these instructions:
published in the last couple of months). The Journal
Club should focus on the most important results – there         1. Select "Feature: Journal Club" as the "Manuscript
is rarely reason to discuss every figure.                       Type"
                                                                2. Select FEATURE EDITOR as the "Manuscript
Journal Club submissions must be concise. The length is
                                                                Section"
limited to about 1500 words. References are limited to
                                                                3. Place the words "Journal Club" in the box intended for
approximately 7.
                                                                abstracts (do not submit an abstract).
                                                                4. If you are prompted to pay the submission fee, do not
Journal Club articles should be written in a style that is
understandable to all readers of The Journal of                 enter payment information. Instead, please contact the
Neuroscience. Avoid using jargon and unnecessary                Central Office (jn@sfn.org) just before submission so
abbreviations.                                                  this fee can be waived.
                                                                For questions, please contact the Features Editor at
Titles should be informative; The Journal discourages           JN_Features@sfn.org.
word play.
                                                                Letters to the Editor
A single, original schematic or explanatory figure is           The Journal of Neuroscience does not publish letters to
acceptable. The figure caption must appear in the main          the editor in the print edition. Responses to articles may
document, after the references. Do not duplicate figures        be submitted online via a link on the article's web page.
that were in the reviewed paper –links to any figures you       Responses will also be visible via the Letters to the
cite will be placed in the published Journal Club. In the       Editor link on The Journal's home page.
text, refer to the cited figures with the author's name,        Article responses allow readers to comment on the
e.g., "(Author et al., Figure 1A)".                             content of articles published in The Journal of
                                                                Neuroscience. The goal is to facilitate open exchanges
A title page should be included with your submission.           on science published in The Journal. Responses can be
The title page should include: Journal Club title, citation     submitted by first clicking "Submit a Response" in the
of article being reviewed, list of Journal Club authors,        sidebar on the right side of an article's web page, and
        www.jneurosci.org                                                        SfN Instructions for Authors       ix
then following the instructions provided. Please note that    Invited Articles
communications meant solely for the authors of an
article, including requests for reprints, reagents, or        The Journal of Neuroscience Tool Box
assistance, should be sent instead to the address listed      Toolboxes appear in the Features section at the front of
in the footnotes of the original article (after the phrase    each issue. Their purpose is to provide a brief review
"Correspondence should be addressed to...").                  and evaluation of a neuroscience method or technology
                                                              that is becoming of wide relevance. Articles describing a
Responses should be concise: generally fewer than 250         resource of general use in neuroscience or critically
words. Responses will be screened for significance and        analyzing established approaches or methods will also
appropriateness, and will usually be posted within 48         be presented. Articles describing newly developed
hours of receipt. Publication is at the discretion of the     techniques that have not yet been used outside the
editors. We will not publish responses that, in our           authors' own laboratory will not be considered.
judgment, are not in the spirit of constructive scientific
discourse. In addition, only one response (and optional       The editors generally solicit submissions for Toolbox
reply to that response from the author) will be published     articles. Submissions are screened by the editors, and
concerning a given issue for a particular article. Although   may be sent for review. Authors wishing to contribute
responses cannot be edited by the submitting author           unsolicited submissions should contact the Editor-in-
after publication, The Journal editors reserve the rights     Chief at JNeurosci@hms.harvard.edu before preparing a
to amend, edit, or remove materials at any time.              manuscript.

Certain material is inappropriate for responses. This         Review Procedures
includes, but is not limited to:                              Submissions will be screened by the editors for accuracy
                                                              and appropriateness, and may be sent for review.
       Requests for medical advice or assistance             Submissions requiring more than minor revisions will not
       Unpublished data (including figures or tables)        be accepted for publication. It is expected that Toolbox
       Comments that advertise or promote specific           articles will be published within six weeks of initial
        commercial interests                                  submission.
       Comments that promote specific political or
                                                              Conflict of Interest
        religious viewpoints
       Comments from authors with real or apparent           Authors of Tool Box submissions are subject to the
        conflicts of interest                                 same guidelines as authors of articles concerning
       Comments that are rude, libelous, or                  conflict of interest, financial or otherwise. Any apparent
        inflammatory                                          conflicts of interest should be noted in the
       Comments that are anonymous or written under          Acknowledgements. For more details, see:
        a pseudonym                                           http://www.sfn.org/index.cfm?pagename=responsibleCo
                                                              nduct.
We will publish your name with your response. You must
provide an email address when a response is submitted,
and this address will be made available to readers so         The Journal of Neuroscience Disease Focus
they can contact you. Citations should be included only       Disease Focus articles provide brief overviews of a
when essential and should be in the same format as            neural disease or syndrome and describe how that
used in The Journal of Neuroscience. Responses with           disorder might be linked to basic neural mechanisms.
more than a few citations will not be published.              Because many neuroscientists' research programs focus
                                                              on understanding basic brain mechanisms and have no
All authors of responses are subject to the guidelines        clinical component, researchers might fail to identify
described in the Responsible Conduct Regarding                connections between their findings and specific diseases
Scientific Communications. Responses must observe             and potential treatments. The goal of the Disease Focus
any licenses or copyrights on original material.              is to help neuroscientists identify such links and suggest
Submitting authors are entirely responsible for the           new avenues of research to explore. By highlighting
accuracy of the content of responses. However, we             areas in which progress might be achieved, the Disease
expect specific claims to be supported by references and      Focus may also influence young investigators in
opinion or speculation to be so specified in the response.    identifying research topics that could be profitable to
Financial contributions to the work being reported should     pursue.
be clearly acknowledged, as should any potential conflict
of interest. The proper form for citing Journal responses     Because the most prevalent neural ailments, such as
is as follows:                                                Parkinson's and Alzheimer's, receive considerable
                                                              attention, the Disease Focus will generally treat less
1. Author A. Title of response letter [electronic response    prominent problems, where there is more likelihood of
to original author A. Title of original paper]. J Neurosci    presenting readers with new information. Given the
2006;xx:xx. [Insert DOI here]).                               goals of the Disease Focus, most articles will focus on
                                                              diseases for which some basic research connection is
                                                              known.
        www.jneurosci.org                                                      SfN Instructions for Authors    x
Contributions to the Disease feature are solicited by the             contributors to the Editor-In-Chief for approval
Features Editor. Disease feature articles appear in the               (jn@sfn.org).
features section of The Journal, and are citable.                    Once a mini-review topic is approved for
Submissions will be peer reviewed.                                    consideration, it is expected that the completed
                                                                      reviews will be submitted within approximately 2
Organization                                                          months so that publication remains timely.
To ensure wide readership, each article should be brief,             Mini-reviews should be submitted via our online
generally including about 1500-2000 words with no more                submission system, using the MR prefix to
than two figures. While articles do not need to adhere to             denote this submission type.
a rigid outline, most will include the following:                    All submissions should be submitted to the
      A brief clinical description of disease: symptoms,             Editor-In-Chief, who will oversee your
         prevalence, affected human population, whether               submission much as a Senior Editor does.
         genetic or sporadic or both.                                Each of the mini-reviews in the series may not
      Possible disease mechanisms: affected genes,                   exceed 2-3 printed pages (ca. 2000 words) and
         molecular pathways, cell populations (e.g.,                  should not contain more than two images.
         neurons, glia, brain regions), and/or
         developmental or systems properties.                 General structure
      Treatments that have been tested or that are in        There should be a brief 1-2 page introduction to the
         development.                                         series, usually written by the organizer, followed by the
      Next steps: depending on current state of              series of 3-5 mini-reviews. Each section should be
         research, this could include possible molecular      submitted as a separate manuscript at the online
         pathways or cellular processes to explore, how       submission site. The organizer is encouraged to include
         basic studies might inform current treatments,       at least 4 contributors so that the Mini-Review can go
         etc.                                                 forward even if one contributor fails to provide a review
      Table of sources for additional information (NIH       in a timely manner. The contributors should be selected
         and private foundations).                            as to provide a variety of different approaches or
                                                              perspectives to the general problem. For an example of
The Journal of Neuroscience Mini-Reviews                      the format, please see Disease-Modifying Pathways in
Objective                                                     Neurodegeneration (The Journal of Neuroscience,
The Journal of Neuroscience Mini-Reviews provide an           October 11, 2006;
overview of a single theme or topic for the broad             http://www.jneurosci.org/cgi/content/full/26/41/10349).
neuroscience audience of the Society for Neuroscience.        Submission and review procedures after approval
The Mini-Reviews consist of a series of 3-5 short             Submission follows the usual format for online
reviews from experts on related and complementary             submission to The Journal of Neuroscience. The
issues related to the general topic. Very narrow topics       submission site provides an option for identifying the
and reviews of the work of one or a few labs are not          submission as a mini-review. Authors are encouraged to
encouraged. The latter category of reviews is more            review the submission guidelines for manuscripts at The
suitable for one of the excellent review Journals in the      Journal website and at the on-line submission site.
neurosciences. The goal of The Journal Mini-Review is         Authors are encouraged to review the requirements for
to provide an introduction to a topic that is accessible to   digital art. Once the approval of the topic has been
readers from the many sub disciplines of neuroscience.        granted and the Mini-Review is submitted, the mini-
Mini-Reviews should not exceed a length of 15 printed         reviews will generally be submitted to a review by one or
pages; each individual contribution should consist of 2-3     more experts in the field for their accuracy and suitability
printed pages (ca. 2000 words). It is anticipated that        for The Journal of Neuroscience. A decision can be
most figures would be summary or schematic figures            expected within 2-3 weeks of submission.
rather than experimental data.
A Mini-Review is organized by an expert, who then             Benefits
selects the contributors and subtopics in coordination        Mini-reviews are placed at the top of the Table of
with the Editor-In-Chief. Mini-Reviews are sometimes          Contents, thus providing excellent visibility in an issue.
solicited by the editors, but authors are also encouraged     The authors may also submit a cover illustration for
to submit potential topics for consideration. Mini-Review     consideration. All submission and publication fees with
topics are selected after discussion with appropriate         Mini-Reviews are waived, including color figures,
editors and experts as to the suitability for the broad       assuming that the length of the review corresponds to
audience of The Journal of Neuroscience. Interested           Journal guidelines.
authors must consult with the Editor-In-Chief prior to
submission to determine the suitability of the topic for      Writing Tips
The Journal.                                                  Below are tips on how to revise sentences. Both articles
                                                              were published in SfN's Neuroscience Newsletter.
Procedures for Submission
    Authors considering submission of mini-reviews           Say it Simply: Tips for Clear Writing
      must submit a 1-page outline of the topic and           Tips for Revising Sentences
        www.jneurosci.org                                                      SfN Instructions for Authors     xi
Overuse of the passive voice is a common problem in           reached, a third opinion may be sought. Reviewers are
writing. Although the passive has its place—for example,      required to treat manuscripts as confidential.
in the Methods section—in many instances it makes the
manuscript dull by failing to identify the author’s role in   Manuscripts will be returned without outside review if the
the research. Other weak writing practices are the            Reviewing Editor and the Senior Editor deem that the
overuse of prepositional phrases, the verb ―to be,‖           paper is of insufficient general interest for the broad
nominalizations, and noun strings. Using too many             readership of The Journal of Neuroscience, or that the
prepositional phrases causes information overload that        scientific quality is such that it is unlikely to receive
can confuse readers. Overuse of the weak linking verb         favorable reviews. Editorial rejection allows authors to
―to be‖ creates unnecessarily long and imprecise              submit their papers elsewhere without further delay.
sentences. Sentences with many nominalizations (noun
forms of verbs) result in texts that are difficult to         The Journal of Neuroscience is a member of the
understand. Energize your text by transforming the noun       Neuroscience Peer Review Consortium, an alliance of
forms of verbs back into verbs and avoid noun strings         neuroscience Journals that have agreed to share
(nouns modifying nouns), which result in too much             manuscript reviews at the author's request. Its goals are
compressed information that is confusing to readers.          to support efficient and thorough peer review of original
Consider, too, where to put new and important                 research in neuroscience, to speed the publication of
information. Generally, readers look for new information      research reports, and to reduce the burden on peer
at the end of sentences, the end of paragraphs, and the       reviewers. For information about the Consortium and
end of abstracts. Help the reader locate your most            instructions on how to forward reviews, please visit
important point by placing it in these stress positions.      http://nprc.incf.org/authors/information-for-authors.

                                                              Requirements for Submission
Principles at Work (See Examples on
                                                              When submitting your manuscript at The Journal's
www.jneurosci.org)
                                                              electronic site, you will be asked to provide the following:
1. Use direct, active-voice sentences.
2. Limit prepositional phrases.                               Manuscript Files
3. Limit use of the verb ―to be.‖                                 The manuscript should be organized as
4. Avoid noun forms of verbs (nominalizations).                     described in Organization of the Manuscript.
5. Limit noun strings (nouns modifying nouns).                    Manuscripts must make no references to
6. Put new and important information toward the end of              supplemental material.
sentences.                                                        For invited revisions or resubmissions, you must
                                                                    submit the manuscript text in Word,
                                                                    WordPerfect, Postscript, RTF, LaTeX or Text
          Submitting a Manuscript                                   format. Each figure must be uploaded as a
                                                                    separate file in TIFF or EPS format. Tables may
                                                                    be included either in the manuscript text file or
Review Process                                                      as separate Word, WordPerfect, Postscript,
All manuscripts must be submitted to The Journal's web-             RTF, LaTeX or Text files. PDF format is not
based submission site at http://jneurosci.msubmit.net/.             accepted for the manuscript text, figures or
Please refer to requirements for submission before you              tables.
begin.                                                            For new submissions, you may instead submit
                                                                    one PDF file that includes the manuscript text
At the time of submission, authors will be asked to direct          and all figures and tables. Pages must be
their manuscript to one of The Journal's sections                   numbered.
(Cellular & Molecular, Neurobiology of Disease,
Behavioral/ Systems/Cognitive, or                             Author Information (for each author)
Development/Plasticity/Repair). Authors may request               Full Name
specific Senior Editors or Reviewing Editors, but editor          Postal Address (with institution)
assignments will be made based on expertise of the                Telephone Number
editors, load, and scheduling. Accepted manuscripts will          E-mail Address
appear in the section selected by the authors, regardless         Contribution(s)
of editor assignments.                                                   o Each author must be identified with at
                                                                             least one of the following: Designed
Authors are requested to identify five reviewers who are                     research, Performed research,
well qualified to referee the work and would not have a                      Contributed unpublished
conflict of interest. Authors may also exclude specific                      reagents/analytic tools, Analyzed data,
individuals from reviewing their manuscript. The                             Wrote the paper.
Reviewing Editor will typically select two independent            Title (50 words maximum) and Running Title
reviewers to evaluate each paper. If a consensus is not              (50 characters maximum)
                                                                  Journal Section
        www.jneurosci.org                                                     SfN Instructions for Authors     xii
      Authors must direct their manuscript to the                No Footnotes or Appendices are present
       appropriate section (Cellular & Molecular,                 No reference to Supplemental Material appears
       Neurobiology of Disease, Behavioral/                         in the text, figures, or tables
       Systems/Cognitive, or                                      Multimedia or 3D models are included only if the
       Development/Plasticity/Repair).                              information cannot be adequately communicated
      Reviewers                                                    in a figure
      Authors are asked to identify reviewers who are      Brief Communications:
       well qualified to referee the work and who would           Manuscript has no more than 4500 words
       not have a conflict of interest. Authors should              (including abstract, references and figure
       provide the name, address, and email for each                legends)
       potential referee. Authors will also be asked to           There are no more than 4 Figures or Tables,
       identify reviewers who should be excluded from               occupying in total the equivalent of one page or
       refereeing.                                                  less
      Editors                                              Title Page Includes:
      Authors may request specific Senior Editors or             Title (50 words maximum)
       Reviewing Editors, but editor assignments will             Abbreviated title (50 characters maximum)
       be made based on expertise of the editors, load,           Names and affiliations of each author
       and availability. Authors may exclude specific             Corresponding author's name and email address
       Senior Editors or Reviewing Editors from                   Number of figures, tables, multimedia, and 3D
       handling their manuscripts.                                  models (separately)
      Cover Letter                                               Number of words for Abstract, Introduction, and
      It is not necessary to include a cover letter, but           Discussion (separately, including any citations)
       you will be allowed to insert one on the                   Financial interests or conflicts of interest (if
       submission form if you choose. Do not submit a               applicable)
       cover letter as a separate file.                           Acknowledgements (optional)
                                                            Abstract:
      Submission Fee
                                                                  Word count is ≤250
      A submission fee must be paid using a credit
                                                                  Species studied is identified in abstract (or title)
       card. Occasionally the editors decide not to send
                                                                  No subheadings are present
       a manuscript out for peer review because they        Introduction:
       consider it inappropriate for The Journal of
                                                                  Word count is ≤500
       Neuroscience. The submission fee will be
                                                            Materials and Methods:
       refunded if a manuscript is not sent out for peer
                                                                  Sex of subjects is stated (male; female; of either
       review.
                                                                    sex)
                                                                  Companies or individuals (with full affiliations)
                                                                    from which unusual materials were obtained are
Checklist for Initial Submissions                                   provided
    The submission may be either a single PDF              Results:
      file containing all text and figures (pages and             Statistical tests are named and test statistics
      figures must be numbered) or multiple files: a                (e.g., t- or F-values) are reported
      manuscript file in Word, WordPerfect, Postscript,     Discussion:
      RTF, LaTeX or text format and each figure in a              Word count is ≤1500
      separate TIFF (300 dpi) or EPS file                   Citations:
    Individual files must always be used for                     Proper citation style for The Journal of
      multimedia (AVI or MP4) and 3D models (U3D)                   Neuroscience is used
    The authors, title and abstract inserted on the              A reference is provided for each in-text citation,
      submission form must match those in the                       and vice versa.
                                                            Figures, multimedia, and 3D models:
      manuscript files
    Preferred and excluded reviewers and editors                 Each illustration is numbered (separate
      may be specified on the submission form                       numbering for figures, multimedia and 3D
    Cover letter is optional                                       models)
    Credit card information must be used for                     Each illustration has a legend and is mentioned
      payment of submission fee                                     in the manuscript
Text:                                                             All symbols are defined in the caption
    Sections appear in the following order: Title          Tables:
      Page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and                 Each table is numbered and mentioned in the
      Methods, Results, Discussion, References,                     manuscript
      Figure/Table Legends, Figures, and Tables                   A legend and title are provided for each table
    All pages double spaced and numbered (except
      the title page)
    No broken URLs in text
      www.jneurosci.org                                                    SfN Instructions for Authors    xiii
Checklist for Submitting a Revised                                  version with all insertions and deletions
Manuscript:                                                         indicated, to make it easy for reviewers to
Requirements are the same as for initial submissions,               discern the changes you have made.
with the following additions:                                      If revisions require adding, deleting, or
                                                                    reordering of figures, tables, or equations, be
Text:                                                               sure that all in-text references to such items are
     Manuscript file is in Word, WordPerfect,                      renumbered as well.
       Postscript, RTF, LaTeX or text format                       Double-check that all in-text citations are in the
     Individual table files in Word format                         reference list and that all references on the
Figures:                                                            reference list have at least one corresponding
     Each figure is in a separate TIFF (300 dpi) or                in-text citation. Only published and "in press"
       EPS file                                                     references should appear in the reference list at
     Each figure in either RGB color mode or                       the end of the paper. Unpublished references
       Grayscale format                                             must be cited as such in text only. The latest
     Individual files are provided for multimedia (AVI             information on "in press" references should be
       or MP4) and 3D models (U3D)                                  provided.
     All illustrations submitted at the size they should          Submit publication quality digital figures, one per
       be published                                                 file. (see Illustrations and Tables). Check all
     Graphs and figures do not have gridlines or                   aspects of illustrations carefully to avoid
       top/right borders                                            alterations in the proofs (see also the Proofs
Supplemental Material (optional):                                   section).All labels used in a figure should be
     URL for site hosting supplemental material is                 explained in the legend. Double-check that all
       listed                                                       labels and symbols mentioned in the figure
     Description of supplemental material is provided              legend are on the final version of the figure. For
       (75 word maximum)                                            questions regarding figure sizing and digital art
License to Publish Form:                                            preparation see Illustrations.
     Signed License to Publish form is emailed to                 Scrutinize your paper at this time for any final
       jn@sfn.org                                                   corrections in style or substance. Changes at
                                                                    the proof stage are permitted only for corrections
                                                                    of factual errors, printer's errors, or quality of
    Revising/Finalizing a Manuscript                                figure reproduction. Other changes may result in
                                                                    a fee.
Revisions
Detailed instructions for submitting a revised manuscript
                                                            Proofs
are included in the decision letter when a manuscript has   Authors should be aware that The Journal of
been judged potentially acceptable for publication.         Neuroscience limits author alterations in proof. Only
                                                            corrections of factual errors, copyediting errors, or in the
Authors may provide an optional URL and footnote for        quality of figure reproduction are allowed. This step has
supplemental material on the submission form when           been taken to reduce the time required to produce The
they submit an invited revision. The footnote may include   Journal. All fees must be paid before a manuscript will
a brief description of the contents of the Supplemental     be published.
Material, but no other reference to supplemental material
may appear in the article. See Supplemental Material for    To speed publication of The Journal authors are given
more information.                                           48 hours from receipt of proofs to make and return
                                                            corrections. Authors should notify the journal production
When submitting a revised manuscript you must:              manager at Cenveo Publisher Services (CPS) listed in
                                                            the letter of acceptance if the proofs should be sent to an
       Submit revisions within 3 months of this the        email address other than that of the corresponding
        decision letter. If an extension is needed,         author listed on the manuscript. To purchase reprints or
        contact Central Journal office (jn@sfn.org)         to inquire about production charges or invoices, refer to
        before the deadline.                                the contact material included with the proofs.
       Sign and return the License to Publish form e-
        mail to jn@sfn.org or fax (202-962-4945).           Once a manuscript is accepted, authors’ names can only
       Submit a point-by-point reply to the reviews        be added, deleted, or altered with the approval of the
        showing how reviewer concerns were                  editors. Requests for changes to the author list will
        addressed.                                          delay publication of a manuscript.
       Submit the manuscript text (including tables, if
        any) in Word, WordPerfect, Postscript, RTF,         Embargo Policy
        LaTeX or Text format. In addition to a clean        All articles appearing in The Journal of Neuroscience are
        copy of the manuscript, you must include a          embargoed for release to the public until 5 pm Eastern
        www.jneurosci.org                                                  SfN Instructions for Authors      xiv
time on the evening before the publication date. This        NIH Public Access Policy
policy applies to members of the media, authors, local       NIH and certain private funding agencies require that a
institutions' public information officers and anyone else    final, electronic version of manuscripts describing
with access to articles published in The Journal. If you     research they supported be submitted to the National
would like to know when an article will be posted online,    Library of Medicine's PubMed Central site. Information
please send an email inquiry to jn@sfn.org at The            about the NIH policy can be found at
Journal of Neuroscience. The Society's Public                http://publicaccess.nih.gov/.
Information Committee and staff regularly review in
advance articles published in The Journal for the            As a service to our authors, The Journal of
purposes of issuing news releases. These are usually         Neuroscience will deposit in PubMed Central final
mailed the week before publication and marked for            versions of manuscripts that describe work that was
release to the press on the evening before the               funded by agencies that have this requirement.
publication date. Authors can contact their institution's    Manuscripts describing work that was funded by the
public information office, which may elect to do a news      NIH, HHMI and the Wellcome Trust and which are
release or arrange an interview. To be fair to everyone,     accepted for publication in The Journal of Neuroscience
especially competing publications interested in writing      on or after April 7, 2008 will be deposited. Authors
about a particular paper, interviews are permissible         funded by these agencies should make sure to
before the publication date, but the information can be      accurately describe the source of funding in the
released only after the embargo is lifted. This applies to   acknowledgments section of their manuscripts.
public information officers at local institutions, authors
and members of the media.                                    Although the NIH policy calls for manuscripts in PubMed
A reporter also may contact an author independent of         Central to be freely accessible after 12 months, The
any media relations effort. As explained above, an           Journal will allow manuscripts to be publicly accessible
author may share the manuscript and speak about it with      through PubMed Central six months after publication,
a reporter as long as both understand that the release       which is when all Journal of Neuroscience articles
date is after the embargo is lifted.                         become freely accessible.

Cover Illustrations                                          This service will be provided automatically, without a fee,
The Journal cover illustrations are relevant to an article   and should fulfill the obligations that grantees of these
in that issue. Cover illustrations are chosen primarily on   agencies have to comply with the NIH Public Access
the basis of aesthetic appeal and scientific interest. We    Policy for articles published in The Journal of
are primarily interested in arresting and appealing          Neuroscience.
images rather than those that serve to document
experimental findings. Cartoons or metaphorical images
are generally not accepted. Contributors are encouraged           Correcting Errors in Published
to view recent covers for examples of images that have
been accepted at
                                                                             Articles
Submissions should be formatted to the equivalent of 9       Corrections to Published Articles
inches wide by 11.25 inches high with a resolution of at     Authors who discover errors in articles they have
least 300 pixels/inch. Cover art consisting of a single      published should have the corresponding author contact
picture should be in TIFF format saved as RGB. Art           The Journal's central office (jn@sfn.org) with a detailed
including vector graphics should be in EPS format. A         description of the correction that is needed. Corrigenda
brief cover legend that describes the image should           (corrections of author's errors) and errata (corrections of
accompany the submission. Journal editors may crop,          publisher's errors) will be published at no charge to the
rotate or otherwise adjust images.                           authors. Requests for corrections that affect the
                                                             interpretation or conclusions of a published article will be
Cover artwork should be submitted as soon as possible        reviewed by the editors.
after a manuscript has been accepted, preferably within      The Journal will retract an article at the authors' request
one week. Submissions should be deposited at the FTP         at any time without requiring explanation. The
site that is described in the acceptance letter that         corresponding author should contact the Editor-in-Chief
authors receive. Please save the art and legend in a         (jn_editor@sfn.org).
folder named with The Journal's manuscript ID number
for your manuscript. If you don't have FTP software, a       Retractions of Published Articles
free program can be obtained from                            The Journal will retract an article at the authors' request
http://filezilla.sourceforge.net. After you have deposited   at any time without requiring explanation. At the authors'
your image and legend please notify the editor by            option, the retraction notice may simply state that the
sending email to jn_editor@sfn.org.                          article has been retracted at the authors' request.
                                                             Alternatively, the authors may provide a brief explanation
                                                             of the error(s) prompting the retraction. However,

        www.jneurosci.org                                                    SfN Instructions for Authors     xv
statements of retraction may not assign blame to specific
authors or laboratories.
To request a retraction, the corresponding author should
contact the Editor-in-Chief (jn_editor@sfn.org). The
editors will confirm that all co-authors concur with the
retraction statement. If only a subset of authors wish to
retract an article, the editors will decide whether a
retraction is justified and act accordingly.

In retraction statements, The Journal clearly
distinguishes between author-initiated retractions and
those initiated by the editors because of violations of the
Society for Neuroscience's guidelines for Responsible
Conduct Regarding Scientific Communications.




        www.jneurosci.org                                     SfN Instructions for Authors   xvi

								
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