Wall and Ceiling Lesson Plan

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					                                 Technology Education
                                     Lesson Plan

                              Wall and Ceiling Structures

Teacher: Joshua R. Speer
Time Required: 50 minutes

Behavioral Objectives: Upon completion of this lesson, the learner will:
Describe what a “Wall and Ceiling Structure” is.
Identify the purposes of “Wall and Ceiling Structure.”
Name and describe the key terms related to “Wall and Ceiling Structure.”

Set/Motivation: ?

Introduction: A wall is a major structure of a house. It supports the loads of everything
above it. There are two main types of walls; Exterior and Interior. In this lesson we will
learn how walls are assembled and the proper name for the parts.

Presentation of New Material:

Wall and Ceiling Parts
       • Studs-Vertical members that run the entire wall height. They support the load
       • King Stud- Vertical members that run the entire wall height. They are located
         next to window and door openings.
       • Cripple Stud- Vertical member that fills below the rough sill and above the
       • Trimmer Stud- Vertical member that supports the header
       • Joist-Horizontal member that runs from wall to wall.
       • Rough Sill- Horizontal member that forms the rough opening for a window.
       • Header-Horizontal member that supports the span of an opening above doors
         and windows.
       • Sole Plate- Horizontal member located at the bottom of the wall section.
       • Top Plate-Horizontal member located at the top of a wall section. Always
         doubled up.
       • Let-in Brace- Cross brace that helps support the wall in sheer motion.
Wall Picture

Stud Layout

Complicated Stud Layout

       •Method used to get desired size.
       •Blocking is a term used in creating a corner section. Used to give a nailing
       surface for drywall
       •Spacing is a term used in creating headers at desired width.
Blocking vs No Blocking

Ceiling Construction
       • Very similar to floor construction
       • Sometimes a truss systems is used in place of ceiling joists.
       • Joists are placed on top of the top sill. They run either to another top sill or a
         load bearing wall.
       • The ends of the joists are tapered so they don’t stick out from the rafters.
       • Reference page 225 for a picture.
Wall and Ceiling Material
       Wood-Most common around here. It is easy to nail and screw too. It is used
       where readily available.
       Metal- Becoming more popular in heavily populated areas. Used in place of the
       traditional wood material. Some houses are completely framed by metal.

Wood vs Steel
From http://www.berridgespaceframe.com/SteelvsWood.htm
      • COST EFFECTIVE: Steel framing is competitively priced in today's
         construction market. Compared to the price of wood, steel prices have remained
         very stable over the past decade. Thanks to computer-aided design and
         manufacturing techniques, waste is kept to a minimum.
      • STRENGTH & DURABILITY: Light gauge steel framing has a long lifespan --
         it will not rot or deteriorate. Steel's high yield strength and fire-resistant
         qualities enable steel framed structures to resist fire, earthquakes and high wind
         loads far better than wood framed structures.
      • HIGH STRUCTURAL EFFICIENCY: Steel has one of the highest weight to
         strength ratios of all construction materials. This strength advantage means
         better design flexibility, wider spans and better material usage.
      From http://www.berridgespaceframe.com/SteelvsWood.htm
      • DIMENSIONALLY STABLE: Steel doesn't shrink, swell, warp or settle.
         Cracking sheetrock walls, nailhead popping and other common problems with
         wood framed structures are virtually eliminated.
         Steel-framed housing dramatically reduces the amount of trees consumed for
         residential construction, thus conserving one of nature's most precious
         resources. The only wood products used for light gauge steel construction are
         plyood sheathing and door and window trim components.
       •PRE-DESIGNED      TO ELIMINATE WASTE: Steel-framed structures are
       computer-designed, drafted and manufactured to eliminate job site cutting and
       waste and to speed pre-fabrication of roof and wall assemblies and thus reduce
       labor expense.
Sites To Look At
•Home time- Great for wood construction

•Berridge Space Frame- Great for metal construction

Application Activities:
Students will not do an activity today

Evaluation Procedure:
Students will be orally questioned during the lesson.
Student’s assessment will be evaluated on the future unit two test.

Required Materials (Aids):
LCD Projector

Horton, Komacek, Thompson, & Wright. (1991) Exploring Construction Systems.
Worcester, Massachusetts: Davis Publication, Inc.
Wagner, W.H. & Smith, H.B. (2000). Modern Carpentry (4th Ed.). Tinley Park, Illinois:
Goodheart-Willcox Company, Inc.
ITEA. (2000). Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of

Relationship to Standards:
ITEA. (2000). Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of

Standard 13 Students will develop the abilities to assess the impact of products and
Standard 20 Students will develop an understating of and be able to select and use
construction technologies.

Self-Assessment (Reflection):

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