About Charminar TOURSIM IN HYDERABAD, INFORMATION ABOUT CHARMINAR : CHARMINAR A splendid piece of architecture standing in the heart of the city built by Quli Qutub Shah, in 1591. This magnificent monument is the unique symbol of Hyderabad. Charminar is often called as "The Arc de triomphe of the East". It is considered as the legendary masterpiece of Qutub Shahi's. This beautiful structure derives its name from four intricately carved minarets, The four graceful minarets literally meaning 'Four Minars', soar to a height of 48.7m each, above the ground. It is located amidst the colourful shops of Lad Bazaar with its glittering traditional bangles in the old city. Enormous in its size, this imposing monument exudes a charm that is more than 400 years old. The Qutub Shahi Reign : The history of Hyderabad begins with the establishment of the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Owing to the inadequacy of water and frequent epidemics of plague and cholera Quli Qutub Shah established the new city with the Charminar at its centre with four great roads fanning out in four cardinal directions. The plan is a square, each side 20m long, while the four arches are 11m wide and rise 20m from the plinth. The four-storeyed minarets rise 20m from the roof of the massive monument and measure 24m from the plinth. The western section of the roof contains a mosque, ranking among the finest the gifted Qutub Shahi artisans ever built. There are 45 prayer spaces with a large open space in front to accommodate more for Friday prayers. To the east of this space is a lovely verandah with a large open arch in the centre, flanked by smaller ones on both sides. A Representation Of Indo-Sarcenic Tradition : It was built with granite and lime-mortar. It is a blend of 'Cazia' and Islamic style of architecture. The intertwined arches and domes are examples of typical Islamic style of the architecture. The graceful floral motif atop the Charminar is enchanting. The Charminar depicts the Indo-Saracenic tradition - a symbiosis of the Hindu and the Muslim traditions, which has woven the magic of a rich Deccan culture. The Charminar looks spectacular particularly in the nights when it is illuminated. It offers an excellent panoramic view of the city and Golconda Fort, which makes the mind go back into time and recapitulates the past glory of Hyderabad during the Qutub Shahi times. Charminar has become an inseparable part of the history of Hyderabad. History Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591   AD, shortly after he had shifted his capital fromGolkonda to what is now known as Hyderabad. He built this famous structure to commemorate the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city. He is said to have prayed for the end of a plague that was ravaging his city and vowed to build a masjid (Islamic mosque) at the very place where he was praying. In 1591 while laying the foundation of Charminar, Quli Qutb Shah prayed: "Oh Allah, bestow unto this city peace and prosperity. Let millions of men of all castes,  creeds and religions make it their abode, like fish in the water. " The mosque became popularly known as Charminar because of the two Urdu words char, meaning four,  and minar, meaning tower, combined to formCharminar. It is said that, during the Mughal Governorship between Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi rule, the south western minaret "fell to pieces" after being struck by lightning and "was forthwith repaired" at a cost of Rs 60,000. In 1824, the monument was replastered at a cost of Rs 100,000. In its heyday, the Charminar market had some 15,000 shops. Today the famous markets known as Laad Baazar and Pather Gatti, near the Charminar, are a favour, of tourists and locals alike for jewellery, especially known for exquisite bangles and pearls respectively. In 2007, Hyderabadi Muslims living in Pakistan constructed a small-scaled quasi replica of the Charminar  at the main crossing of the Bahadurabadneighborhood in Karachi. Structure The structure is made of granite, limestone, mortar and pulverised marble. Initially the monument with its four arches was so proportionately planned that when the fort was opened one could catch a glimpse of the bustling Hyderabad city as these Charminar arches were facing the most active royal ancestral streets. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the Golkonda to Charminar, possibly intended as an escape route for theQutb Shahi rulers in case of a siege, though the location of the tunnel  is unknown. The Charminar is a square structure with each side 20 meters (approximately 66 feet) long, with four grand arches each facing a fundamental point that open into four streets. At each corner stands an exquisitely shaped minaret, 56 meters (approximately 184 feet) high with a double balcony. Each minaret is crowned by a bulbous dome with dainty petal like designs at the base. A beautiful mosque is located at the western end of the open roof and the remaining part of the roof served as a court during the Qutb Shahi times. There are 149 winding steps to reach the upper floor. Once atop, the solitude and serenity of the beautiful interior is refreshing. The space in the upper floor between the minarets was meant for  Friday prayers. There are forty-five prayer spaces.  Charminar has the signature style of Islamic architecture. This great tribute to aesthetics looks sturdy and solid from a distance and, as one moves closer, it emerges as an elegant and romantic edifice proclaiming its architectural eminence in all its detail and dignity. Charminar is a beautiful and impressive square monument. Each of the corners has a tall, pointed minaret. These four gracefully carved minarets soar to 48.7 m above the ground, commanding the landscape for miles around. Each minaret has four stories, marked by a delicately carved ring. Unlike the Taj Mahal, Charminar's four fluted minarets are built into the main structure. The actual mosque occupies the top floor of the four-storey structure. Madame Blavatsky reports that each of the floors was meant for a separate branch of learning before the structure was transformed by the Imperial British administration into a warehouse for opium and liqueurs The monument overlooks another beautiful and grand mosque called Makkah Masjid.< = Sky around Charminar Charminar Commercial Area Charminar is famous for many things, which cater to all the needs of the people of Hyderabad. The area is famous for Laad Bazar which is very famous for the Bangles, also called "Chudiyaan", mainly worn by women. There is no place for Shopping like the surrounding Charminar Area, and the Traditional Food, like Biryani, Haleem, Mirchi ka salan, Double Ka Meetha etc..The area is also famous for its variety of shops. During the season of Sankranthi, the area is completely crowded with vendors selling kites. See also Qutb Shahi dynasty History of Hyderabad Tourist attractions in Hyderabad Hyderabad state References a b c 1. ^ Charminar a b 2. ^ Facts about Charminar: Hyderabad, as discussed in Britannica Compton's Encyclopedia Hyderabad: - Britannica Online Encyclopedia 3. ^ Richard Goslan travels to India - Herald Scotland | Life & Style | Travel & Outdoors 4. ^ Charminar (building, Hyderabad, India) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia 5. ^ Year after repair, rain damages Charminar minaret - Indian Express 6. ^ "Qutb Shahi Style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)". AP Government. Retrieved 2010-05- 16. 7. ^ Rain damages Charminar minaret 8. ^ M. Rafique Zakaria, Charminar in Karachi, Dawn, April 22, 2007 9. ^ "Take a walk through history". The Hindu (Chennai, India). February 9, 2010. 10. ^ "Heritage tag: Govt on a tightrope walk". The Times Of India. September 3, 2010. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Charminar Photos of Charminar on HyderabadPlanet.com Hyderabad on Wikitravel Charminar Perspective View View from the bottom of charminar Night view Charminar Charminar Front view Charminar, a view from down Night view of the Charminar View from South Charminar in Hyderabad, India A replica of the Charminar built in theBahadurabad locality of Karachi, Pakistan in 2007 Charminar illuminating at night Charminar (Telugu: చార్మినార్, Urdu: ,)چارم ی نارbuilt in 1591 AD, is a landmark monument located in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The English name Sky around Charminar Charminar Charminar The city of Hyderabad, with its delightful blend of the ancient and the modern, presents to the onlooker an interesting skyline with modern buildings standing shoulder to shoulder with fascinating 400 year old edifices. It boasts of some fine examples of Qutab Shahi architecture – the Jami Masjid, the Mecca Masjid, Toli Masjid, and of course, the impressive symbol of Hyderabad, the Charminar. The Charminar is a massive arch built by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah, in 1591 to commemorate the end of the plague in the city. The symbol of the city, the Charminar, is an impressive square monument with four minarets. The arch is illuminated daily in the evening, an unforgettable sight indeed. The monument is a magnificent square edifice of granite, built upon four grand arches facing North, South, East and West. These arches support two floors of rooms and gallery of archways. At each corner of the square structure is a minaret rising to a height of 24 meters, making the building nearly 54 meters tall. It is these four (char) minarets (minar) that give the building, its name 'Charminar'. Each minar stands on a lotus-leaf base, a special recurrent motif in Qutub Shahi buildings. The first floor was used as a madarasa (college) during the Qutub Shahi period. The second floor has a mosque on the western side, the dome of which is visible from the road, if one stands some distance away. A spectacular view of the city may be had from the roof of the Charminar, although, due to severe overcrowding of the minarets, only visitors with special permission from the Archaeological Survey of India, Hyderabad Circle are allowed to go to the top of the minarets. The clocks above each of the four archways were added in 1889. Walking around the Charminar area, one is constantly surprised by vestiges of the past intermingling with the present. Towards the Southeast of the Charminar is located imposing edifice of the Nizamia Unani Hospital. About 50m to the West, the line of shops in Lad Bazaar is interrupted by an old, crumbling brown wall, which marks the entrance to the old Nizama's Jilau Khana (parade ground). The grounds are now being used for the development of a large commercial complex. Further down, a road to the left leads to the Khilawat Complex (Chowmahalla Palace). The Lad Bazaar road terminates in a square called Mahaboob Chowk where a large 19th century clock-tower looms over a delicate white mosque of the same period. The Charminar is about 7 km from Hyderabad railway station. It is 5 km from Hyderabad bus station. Excellent private transport is available from all parts of the twin-cities. Called the "Arc De Triumph of the East", Charminar symbolises Hyderabad. As old as the city itself, the four imposing towers of this edifice stand in the heart of the old city as a hallmark of the Qutub Shahi era. Char Minar The Charminar in Hyderabad was constructed in 1591 by Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. He built the Charminar to mark the end of plague in the Hyderabad city. Since the construction of the Charminar, the Hyderabad city has almost become synonymous with the monument. The Charminar is a massive and impressive structure with four minarets. In the evening, with illumination, the great Charminar looks even greater. With the passage of time the Charminar occupied so much importance that it became the heart of all bustling activities. It is in the bustling bazaars around the Charminar that you find the traditional nahari stalls and kulchas of Hyderabad. Hyderabad is one of those few cities, which have a fine blend of modernity and tradition. The Charminar has four imposing arches, which face the four main directions. A row of small vaulted niches ornament each of the four arches. The Char Minar is a two-storied building with the first floor being covered. The balconies on this floor provide a great view of the surrounding areas. A small mosque adorns the top floor of the Charminar. This mosque is situated on the western side of the Charminar facing Mecca, the holy city of the Muslims. This mosque is said to be the oldest surviving mosque in Hyderabad city. Charminar, the hub of Hyderabad city, has four wide roads going in each direction. The Charminar is square in shape, each side measuring 100 feet, with a central pointed high arch at the center. The four minarets of the Charminar dominate the landscape of the region. The minarets, their domed finials rising from their lotus-leaves cushion, rise to 180 feet from the ground. The whole structure contains various small and ornamental arches arranged in vertical and horizontal fashion. The cornice on the first floor upholds a series of six arches and capitals on each portico, rising to the double-story gallery of the minarets. The projected canopy, decorative brackets and decoration in stucco plaster add graceful elegance to the Charminar. On the upper courtyard, a screen of arches topped by a row of square jalis or water screens provides a delicate charm to the muscular look of the Charminar. Charminar Local Info & Accommodation While you are in Charminar, don’t forget to get the glimpse of the ‘Char Kamaan’ (the Four Arches), that were built three years after this grand complex was built. There is a huge square with a tank with an octagonal enclosure known as Gulzar Hauz. During the Shahi period, this Gulzar Hauz was the entrance to their palaces, which were later destroyed by the Mughals in 1687. Jamay Masjid is another nearest attraction situated to the northeast of the Charminar. This was built in 1598 by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah, seven years after the massive Charminar was built. It was later renovated by Sikander Jah, the third Nizam of Hyderabad. All-in-all, as you walk around, you can get a glimpse of marvellous architectural style of the entire area, which has a blend of Indo-Persian and South Indian architecture while experiencing the royalty of the bygone golden era. How To Reach Charminar Charminar is situated in the Heart of Hyderabad City. It is located near, about 150 meters away from Mecca Masjid. You can take buses from the following areas to reach Charminar, which is rather an economical way to reach. From Secunderabad Railway Station: 1C, 2, 2C, 2V, 2Z, 8A, 8C, 8M, 8U and 57S. From Nampally Railway Station: 8M, 8R, 8U, 9, 9D, 9F, 9K, 9L, 9M, 9N, 9Q, 9R, 9X, 9Y/F, 41M, 65M and 65S. From Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station: 1C, 2, 2C, 2G, 2V and 2Z. Charminar project taking shape on its own : HYDERABAD: The people of the city apparently do not need either the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad or the tourism department for taking up the Charminar pedestrianisation project. All they need is a festive atmosphere as can be witnessed on any given day till the festival of Id at the end of the month of Ramzan. The entire stretch of road, beginning from Madina cross roads to Charminar has turned into a driver's nightmare, irrespective of the vehicle that is sought to be guided through milling crowds and pushcarts loaded with a mind boggling variety of items overflowing on to the middle of the road. It may be recalled that the Rs 18 crore Charminar Pedestrianisation Project was launched quite some time ago. The project aimed at reducing traffic flow on the main road leading to Charminar and turn the entire stretch into a boulevard where people could leisurely walk and shop and spend time looking at the `heart' of the Old City. Andhra Pradesh youth make presence felt at global meet : HYDERABAD: Among the delegates from across the world at CoP-11 are 10 young environmental activists from Hyderabad and other parts of Andhra Pradesh who are participating in the event as part of the Global Youth Biodiversity Network (GYBN). Comprising students and young professionals, this group has been making its presence felt at the biodiversity conference with its presentations and interventions. The GYBN has a total of around 40 members from 15 countries and 20 of them are from India. Of this 20, around 10 are from Hyderabad and other districts of AP. The group includes students from Osmania University, Bhavan's Vivekananda Degree College and G Narayanamma Institute of Technology and Science along with representatives from city-based NGOs and other cities of AP. The network has given these young activists a platform to share their ideas and voice their opinions, said CK Aditya, a B.Com (Honours) student at Bhavan's College who is also a member of city-based NGO, Streetcause E force. "My friend (from the same college) and I applied to UN through our NGO and got a chance to be part of the GYBN. We were able to coordinate with like-minded youngsters from other major cities like Delhi and Mumbai to start an Indian chapter of the network which will continue to work even after the event. On Thursday, we have planned to form a human chain near Hitex Charminar to stress on effective implementation of environment-related policies," he added. Talking about how she joined the group, zoology MSc student Swetha SB of Osmania University, said, "I joined the network online around two months back and registered with them when they arrived here. I am also a part of Indian Youth Climate Network and myfriends there and I just wanted to make the most of the chance offered by the hosting of such a big event in your own city. We got the opportunity to interact with several delegates and members of GYBN from other countries and were able to learn a lot about preserving the country's biodiversity." The group has successfully conducted an intervention at the conference urging involvement of youth in policy- formulation and negotiation on environmental issues. They are also planning to set up a separate wing which will coordinate with policy-makers and pressure them to fulfil targets set by the Nagoya Protocol.