About Charminar, History, Places, Route Map

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					About Charminar
TOURSIM IN HYDERABAD, INFORMATION ABOUT CHARMINAR :

CHARMINAR
A splendid piece of architecture standing in the heart of the city built by Quli Qutub Shah, in 1591.
This magnificent monument is the unique symbol of Hyderabad. Charminar is often called as "The Arc
de triomphe of the East". It is considered as the legendary masterpiece of Qutub Shahi's. This
beautiful structure derives its name from four intricately carved minarets, The four graceful minarets
literally meaning 'Four Minars', soar to a height of 48.7m each, above the ground. It is located amidst
the colourful shops of Lad Bazaar with its glittering traditional bangles in the old city. Enormous in its
size, this imposing monument exudes a charm that is more than 400 years old.

The Qutub Shahi Reign :

The history of Hyderabad begins with the establishment of the Qutub Shahi dynasty. Owing to the
inadequacy of water and frequent epidemics of plague and cholera Quli Qutub Shah established the
new city with the Charminar at its centre with four great roads fanning out in four cardinal directions.
The plan is a square, each side 20m long, while the four arches are 11m wide and rise 20m from the
plinth. The four-storeyed minarets rise 20m from the roof of the massive monument and measure
24m from the plinth. The western section of the roof contains a mosque, ranking among the finest the
gifted             Qutub              Shahi               artisans              ever               built.



There are 45 prayer spaces with a large open space in front to accommodate more for Friday prayers.
To the east of this space is a lovely verandah with a large open arch in the centre, flanked by smaller
ones on both sides.




A Representation Of Indo-Sarcenic Tradition :

It was built with granite and lime-mortar. It is a blend of 'Cazia' and Islamic style of architecture. The
intertwined arches and domes are examples of typical Islamic style of the architecture. The graceful
floral motif atop the Charminar is enchanting. The Charminar depicts the Indo-Saracenic tradition - a
symbiosis of the Hindu and the Muslim traditions, which has woven the magic of a rich Deccan culture.
The Charminar looks spectacular particularly in the nights when it is illuminated. It offers an excellent
panoramic view of the city and Golconda Fort, which makes the mind go back into time and
recapitulates the past glory of Hyderabad during the Qutub Shahi times. Charminar has become an
inseparable part of the history of Hyderabad.




History
Sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty built Charminar in 1591
    [5]                                                                                         [6]
AD, shortly after he had shifted his capital fromGolkonda to what is now known as Hyderabad. He built
this famous structure to commemorate the elimination of a plague epidemic from this city. He is said to
have prayed for the end of a plague that was ravaging his city and vowed to build a masjid (Islamic
mosque) at the very place where he was praying. In 1591 while laying the foundation of Charminar, Quli
Qutb Shah prayed: "Oh Allah, bestow unto this city peace and prosperity. Let millions of men of all castes,
                                                                  [citation needed]
creeds and religions make it their abode, like fish in the water.                  "

The mosque became popularly known as Charminar because of the two Urdu words char, meaning four,
                                                    [7]
and minar, meaning tower, combined to formCharminar.

It is said that, during the Mughal Governorship between Qutb Shahi and Asaf Jahi rule, the south western
minaret "fell to pieces" after being struck by lightning and "was forthwith repaired" at a cost of Rs
60,000.[1] In 1824, the monument was replastered at a cost of Rs 100,000.

In its heyday, the Charminar market had some 15,000 shops. Today the famous markets known as Laad
Baazar and Pather Gatti, near the Charminar, are a favour, of tourists and locals alike for jewellery,
especially known for exquisite bangles and pearls respectively.

In 2007, Hyderabadi Muslims living in Pakistan constructed a small-scaled quasi replica of the Charminar
                                                                [8]
at the main crossing of the Bahadurabadneighborhood in Karachi.

[edit]Structure

The structure is made of granite, limestone, mortar and pulverised marble. Initially the monument with its
four arches was so proportionately planned that when the fort was opened one could catch a glimpse of
the bustling Hyderabad city as these Charminar arches were facing the most active royal ancestral
streets. There is also a legend of an underground tunnel connecting the Golkonda to Charminar, possibly
intended as an escape route for theQutb Shahi rulers in case of a siege, though the location of the tunnel
             [9]
is unknown.

The Charminar is a square structure with each side 20 meters (approximately 66 feet) long, with four
grand arches each facing a fundamental point that open into four streets. At each corner stands an
exquisitely shaped minaret, 56 meters (approximately 184 feet) high with a double balcony. Each minaret
is crowned by a bulbous dome with dainty petal like designs at the base. A beautiful mosque is located at
the western end of the open roof and the remaining part of the roof served as a court during the Qutb
Shahi times. There are 149 winding steps to reach the upper floor. Once atop, the solitude and serenity of
the beautiful interior is refreshing. The space in the upper floor between the minarets was meant for
                                                      [1]
Friday prayers. There are forty-five prayer spaces.
                                                         [10]
Charminar has the signature style of Islamic architecture. This great tribute to aesthetics looks sturdy
and solid from a distance and, as one moves closer, it emerges as an elegant and romantic edifice
proclaiming its architectural eminence in all its detail and dignity. Charminar is a beautiful and impressive
square monument. Each of the corners has a tall, pointed minaret. These four gracefully carved minarets
soar to 48.7 m above the ground, commanding the landscape for miles around. Each minaret has four
stories, marked by a delicately carved ring. Unlike the Taj Mahal, Charminar's four fluted minarets are
built into the main structure. The actual mosque occupies the top floor of the four-storey structure.
Madame Blavatsky reports that each of the floors was meant for a separate branch of learning before the
structure was transformed by the Imperial British administration into a warehouse for opium and liqueurs
The monument overlooks another beautiful and grand mosque called Makkah Masjid.< =




Sky around Charminar




Charminar

[edit]Commercial        Area
Charminar is famous for many things, which cater to all the needs of the people of Hyderabad. The area
is famous for Laad Bazar which is very famous for the Bangles, also called "Chudiyaan", mainly worn by
women. There is no place for Shopping like the surrounding Charminar Area, and the Traditional Food,
like Biryani, Haleem, Mirchi ka salan, Double Ka Meetha etc..The area is also famous for its variety of
shops. During the season of Sankranthi, the area is completely crowded with vendors selling kites.

[edit]See   also

       Qutb Shahi dynasty
         History of Hyderabad
         Tourist attractions in Hyderabad
         Hyderabad state
[edit]References


                      a b c
    1.            ^           Charminar
                      a b
    2.            ^         Facts about Charminar: Hyderabad, as discussed in Britannica Compton's Encyclopedia

          Hyderabad: - Britannica Online Encyclopedia

    3.            ^ Richard Goslan travels to India - Herald Scotland | Life & Style | Travel & Outdoors

    4.            ^ Charminar (building, Hyderabad, India) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia

    5.            ^ Year after repair, rain damages Charminar minaret - Indian Express

    6.            ^ "Qutb Shahi Style (mainly in and around Hyderabad city)". AP Government. Retrieved 2010-05-

          16.

    7.            ^ Rain damages Charminar minaret

    8.            ^ M. Rafique Zakaria, Charminar in Karachi, Dawn, April 22, 2007

    9.            ^ "Take a walk through history". The Hindu (Chennai, India). February 9, 2010.

    10.           ^ "Heritage tag: Govt on a tightrope walk". The Times Of India. September 3, 2010.

[edit]External        links

                Wikimedia Commons has
                media related
                to: Charminar



         Photos of Charminar on HyderabadPlanet.com
         Hyderabad on Wikitravel
Charminar Perspective View




View from the bottom of charminar
Night view




Charminar
Charminar Front view




Charminar, a view from down




Night view of the Charminar




View from South
Charminar in Hyderabad, India




A replica of the Charminar built in theBahadurabad locality of Karachi, Pakistan in 2007




Charminar illuminating at night

Charminar (Telugu: చార్మినార్, Urdu: ‫ ,)چارم ی نار‬built in 1591 AD, is a landmark monument located

in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. The English name




Sky around Charminar
Charminar



Charminar




The city of Hyderabad, with its delightful blend of the
ancient and the modern, presents to the onlooker an
interesting skyline with modern buildings standing
shoulder to shoulder with fascinating 400 year old
edifices.

It boasts of some fine examples of Qutab Shahi
architecture –

the Jami Masjid, the Mecca Masjid, Toli Masjid, and of
course, the impressive symbol of Hyderabad, the
Charminar.

The Charminar is a massive arch built by Mohammed Quli
Qutab Shah, in 1591 to commemorate the end of the
plague in the city. The symbol of the city, the Charminar,
is an impressive square monument with four minarets.
The arch is illuminated daily in the evening, an
unforgettable sight indeed.

The monument is a magnificent square edifice of granite,
built upon four grand arches facing North, South, East
and West. These arches support two floors of rooms and
gallery of archways.

At each corner of the square structure is a minaret rising
to a height of 24 meters, making the building nearly 54
meters tall. It is these four (char) minarets (minar) that
give the building, its name 'Charminar'. Each minar
stands on a lotus-leaf base, a special recurrent motif in
Qutub Shahi buildings.

The first floor was used as a madarasa (college) during
the Qutub Shahi period.

The second floor has a mosque on the western side, the
dome of which is visible from the road, if one stands
some distance away. A spectacular view of the city may
be had from the roof of the Charminar, although, due to
severe overcrowding of the minarets, only visitors with
special permission from the Archaeological Survey of
India, Hyderabad Circle are allowed to go to the top of
the minarets. The clocks above each of the four archways
were added in 1889.

Walking around the Charminar area, one is constantly
surprised by vestiges of the past intermingling with the
present. Towards the Southeast of the Charminar is
located imposing edifice of the Nizamia Unani Hospital.
About 50m to the West, the line of shops in Lad Bazaar is
interrupted by an old, crumbling brown wall, which marks
the entrance to the old Nizama's Jilau Khana (parade
ground). The grounds are now being used for the
development of a large commercial complex. Further
down, a road to the left leads to the Khilawat Complex
(Chowmahalla Palace).

The Lad Bazaar road terminates in a square called
Mahaboob Chowk where a large 19th century clock-tower
looms over a delicate white mosque of the same period.

The Charminar is about 7 km from Hyderabad railway
station. It is 5 km from Hyderabad bus station.

Excellent private transport is available from all parts of
the twin-cities. Called the "Arc De Triumph of the East",
Charminar symbolises Hyderabad. As old as the city
itself, the four imposing towers of this edifice stand in the
heart of the old city as a hallmark of the Qutub Shahi
era.

                        Char Minar

The Charminar in Hyderabad was
constructed    in    1591    by
Mohammed Quli Qutab Shah. He
built the Charminar to mark the
end of plague in the Hyderabad
city.
Since the construction of the Charminar, the
Hyderabad city has almost become synonymous
with the monument. The Charminar is a massive and
impressive structure with four minarets. In the
evening, with illumination, the great Charminar looks
even greater.
With the passage of time the Charminar occupied so
much importance that it became the heart of all
bustling activities.
It is in the bustling bazaars around the Charminar
that you find the traditional nahari stalls and kulchas
of Hyderabad. Hyderabad is one of those few cities,
which have a fine blend of modernity and tradition.

The Charminar has four imposing arches, which face
the four main directions. A row of small vaulted
niches ornament each of the four arches. The Char
Minar is a two-storied building with the first floor
being covered.
The balconies on this floor provide a great view of
the surrounding areas. A small mosque adorns the
top floor of the Charminar.
This mosque is situated on the western side of the
Charminar facing Mecca, the holy city of the
Muslims. This mosque is said to be the oldest
surviving mosque in Hyderabad city. Charminar, the
hub of Hyderabad city, has four wide roads going in
each direction. The Charminar is square in shape,
each side measuring 100 feet, with a central pointed
high        arch        at       the         center.

The four minarets of the Charminar dominate the
landscape of the region. The minarets, their domed
finials rising from their lotus-leaves cushion, rise to
180 feet from the ground.
The whole structure contains various small and
ornamental arches arranged in vertical and
horizontal fashion. The cornice on the first floor
upholds a series of six arches and capitals on each
portico, rising to the double-story gallery of the
minarets.
 The projected canopy, decorative brackets and
decoration in stucco plaster add graceful elegance
to the Charminar. On the upper courtyard, a screen
of arches topped by a row of square jalis or water
screens provides a delicate charm to the muscular
look of the Charminar.


Charminar Local Info & Accommodation

While you are in Charminar, don’t forget to get the glimpse
of the ‘Char Kamaan’ (the Four Arches), that were built
three years after this grand complex was built. There is a
huge square with a tank with an octagonal enclosure
known as Gulzar Hauz. During the Shahi period, this
Gulzar Hauz was the entrance to their palaces, which
were later destroyed by the Mughals in 1687. Jamay
Masjid is another nearest attraction situated to the
northeast of the Charminar.
This was built in 1598 by Muhammad Quli Qutub Shah,
seven years after the massive Charminar was built. It was
later renovated by Sikander Jah, the third Nizam of
Hyderabad. All-in-all, as you walk around, you can get a
glimpse of marvellous architectural style of the entire area,
which has a blend of Indo-Persian and South Indian
architecture while experiencing the royalty of the bygone
golden era.

How To Reach Charminar

Charminar is situated in the Heart of Hyderabad City. It is
located near, about 150 meters away from Mecca Masjid.
You can take buses from the following areas to reach
Charminar, which is rather an economical way to reach.
From Secunderabad Railway Station: 1C, 2, 2C, 2V, 2Z,
8A, 8C, 8M, 8U and 57S.
From Nampally Railway Station: 8M, 8R, 8U, 9, 9D, 9F,
9K, 9L, 9M, 9N, 9Q, 9R, 9X, 9Y/F, 41M, 65M and 65S.
From Mahatma Gandhi Bus Station: 1C, 2, 2C, 2G, 2V
and 2Z.
Charminar project taking shape on its own :
HYDERABAD:

The people of the city apparently do not need either the
Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad or the tourism
department for taking up the Charminar pedestrianisation
project.
All they need is a festive atmosphere as can be witnessed
on any given day till the festival of Id at the end of the
month of Ramzan.
The entire stretch of road, beginning from Madina cross
roads to Charminar has turned into a driver's nightmare,
irrespective of the vehicle that is sought to be guided
through milling crowds and pushcarts loaded with a mind
boggling variety of items overflowing on to the middle of
the road.
It may be recalled that the Rs 18 crore Charminar
Pedestrianisation Project was launched quite some time
ago.
The project aimed at reducing traffic flow on the main
road leading to Charminar and turn the entire stretch into
a boulevard where people could leisurely walk and shop
and spend time looking at the `heart' of the Old City.
Andhra Pradesh youth make presence
felt at global meet :

HYDERABAD: Among the delegates from across the world at
CoP-11 are 10 young environmental activists from Hyderabad
and other parts of Andhra Pradesh who are participating in the
event as part of the Global Youth Biodiversity Network (GYBN).
Comprising students and young professionals, this group has
been making its presence felt at the biodiversity conference
with its presentations and interventions.


The GYBN has a total of around 40 members from 15 countries
and 20 of them are from India. Of this 20, around 10 are from
Hyderabad and other districts of AP. The group includes
students from Osmania University, Bhavan's Vivekananda
Degree College and G Narayanamma Institute of Technology
and Science along with representatives from city-based NGOs
and other cities of AP.
The network has given these young activists a platform to
share their ideas and voice their opinions, said CK Aditya,
a B.Com (Honours) student at Bhavan's College who is
also a member of city-based NGO, Streetcause E force.
"My friend (from the same college) and I applied to UN
through our NGO and got a chance to be part of the GYBN.
We were able to coordinate with like-minded youngsters
from other major cities like Delhi and Mumbai to start an
Indian chapter of the network which will continue to work
even after the event. On Thursday, we have planned to
form a human chain near Hitex Charminar to stress on
effective implementation of environment-related policies,"
he added.
Talking about how she joined the group, zoology MSc
student Swetha SB of Osmania University, said, "I joined
the network online around two months back and
registered with them when they arrived here. I am also a
part of Indian Youth Climate Network and myfriends there
and I just wanted to make the most of the chance offered
by the hosting of such a big event in your own city. We got
the opportunity to interact with several delegates and
members of GYBN from other countries and were able to
learn a lot about preserving the country's biodiversity."
The group has successfully conducted an intervention at
the conference urging involvement of youth in policy-
formulation and negotiation on environmental issues.
They are also planning to set up a separate wing which will
coordinate with policy-makers and pressure them to fulfil
targets set by the Nagoya Protocol.

				
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