Heat Exhaustion Sun Stroke by benbenzhou


									    Inside this issue:
                                                         Heat Exhaustion/Sun
    Heat-Related Illness     1

    Prevention               1                                        Stroke
    First Aid Treatment      1

    Risk Factors             2   “Jacob’s well was there; and Jesus, tired from the long walk, sat
    Dress Appropriately      2        wearily beside the well about noontime.” John 4:6 NLT
    Drink Water              2       The summer sun in            participate in an excessive        individuals are infants,
                                 moderation is healthy but        amount of exercise without         toddlers, and the elderly as
    Resources                2
                                 can become dangerous if the      replacing the body’s fluid. A      they are not able to control
                                 body gets too warm. Exces-       loss of fluid will occur at a      their body’s heat as well as
                                 sive activity, exercise, or      faster rate if your activity is    adults. People with disabili-
                                 time in the sun will increase    outside in the heat or during      ties, chronic diseases, certain
                                 the body’s temperature           times of high humidity.            medications, and working
                                 which makes you sweat in         Because of this rapid loss, you    environments in extreme
                                 an effort to release that        will not be aware of your          heat are also more suscepti-
    Heat-related illnesses
                                 extra heat. Sometimes this       dehydrated state and you will      ble to heat illnesses. Be
          include:               response becomes over-           become overheated very             observant. Decrease the
                                 loaded, shuts down, and          quickly. To combat the risk        possibility of heat illness by
•     Heat stroke -              causes a potentially life-       of heat stress or stroke,          dressing in cool clothing and
      life-threatening illness   threatening condition known      when exercising or working         drinking plenty of fluids
      in which body tem-         as heat stroke or sun stroke.    in a hot environment you           without caffeine. Ask your
      perature may rise          Your symptoms can range          must drink 2-4 glasses of          doctor about side effects of
      above 106° F in            from clammy skin, dry            water (16-32 oz) each hour         your medication, stay in cool
      minutes; symptoms          mouth, fatigue, dizziness, and   to replace the fluids lost         places when it is hot and
      include dry skin, rapid,   headaches to an absence of       through sweating.                  humid, and find shade when
      strong pulse and           sweating, shallow breathing,         To prevent heat stress or      working or playing in the
      dizziness                  confusion, loss of conscious-    the more serious condition of      heat.
                                 ness, and even death.            heat stroke, it is important to    (Source: Center for Disease
•     Heat exhaustion -              This rise in body heat       know risk factors and tips for     Control www.cdc.gov/niosh/
      an illness that can        can also occur if you            prevention. High risk              topics/heatstress/)
      precede heatstroke;
      symptoms include
      heavy sweating, rapid
      breathing and a fast,        “For day and night your hand was heavy upon me; my strength
      weak pulse
                                        was sapped as in the heat of summer.” Psalms 32:4 NIV
•     Heat cramps -
      muscle pains or                 During a heat-related       and uses air conditioning or        move the person to a cool
      spasms that happen         illness, the body’s tempera-     fans to cool down. If suffering     place and seek medical
      during heavy exercise      ture can quickly rise above      from heat stroke, a person          attention immediately to
                                 103 degrees. To prevent          may display the following:          prevent serious complications.
•     Heat rash -                overheating make sure the        confusion, dizziness, fainting,
      skin irritation from       person stays hydrated, wears     clammy/pale skin, headache,
      excessive sweating         loose clothing, avoids the       fatigue, dry mouth, weak pulse,
                                 hottest time of the day,         lack of perspiration, or nausea.
                                 avoids caffeinated beverages,    If heat stroke is suspected,
                                                                                                                       July 2011
                                                                                                              Issue 1, Volume 7
Page 2                               H e at E x h au st ion / Su n St ro ke                                            I ss u e 1 , Vo lu m e 7

                                      For the sun rises with scorching heat and withers the plant; its
    Contact Information                    blossom falls and its beauty is destroyed.” James 1:11 NIV
      Michele Thorpe, RN                 Certain risk factors for             occupations and perform-
        Dickey County                heat related illnesses will              ances. Some medications
                                     dictate a person’s exposure to           such as tranquilizers,
         Parish Nurse
                                     the sun’s heat and participation         antihistamines, antibiotics,
         201 8th Street North
                                     in physical activity. Factors            antidepressants, beta-
     Ellendale, North Dakota 58436   include: age (those elderly or           blockers, and some sleeping
    Phone # 701-349-3312
                                     younger than 5), chronic                 pills also interfere with the
     Cell # 701-535-0688
                                     illnesses, obesity, pregnancy,           body’s cooling mechanisms
                                     cardiovascular disease, hyper-           which put people at risk.
                                     tension, respiratory disease,            Consider your risks before
       Lesile Hanson, RN
                                     alcohol consumption, athletics,          spending much time in the
        LaMoure County               military activity, and outdoor           sun.
          Parish Nurse
          315 1st Street SE
                                          “I cared for you in the desert, in the land of burning heat.”
    LaMoure, North Dakota 58458
                                                                                Hosea 13:5 NIV
    Phone # 701-883-5363
     Cell # 701-320-5008
                                         In hot weather, it is                wide brims – are very helpful    To prevent heat related
                                     important to dress appropri-             in keeping one cool.             illnesses, pay close attention
                                     ately. Babies and young                  Athletes, band members, or       to the heat, activity, and
                                     children should be dressed in            other performers who wear        type of clothing and make
                                     light weight, loose clothing to          excessive layers, heavy          sure anyone in risky
                                     allow excess heat to leave               clothing, or some type of        situations drinks plenty of
                                     their bodies. When gardening             uniform run a higher risk of     water.
                                     or spending time in the hot              heat exhaustion in the high
                                     sun, hats – especially ones with         heat and humidity.

    "Slip! Slop! Slap!
                                      “They will neither hunger nor thirst, nor will the desert heat or
     … and Wrap"
                                         the sun beat upon them. He who has compassion on them will
A catch phrase that can help
 you remember the 4 key              guide them and lead them beside springs of water.” Isaiah 49:10
   steps you can take to
 protect yourself from UV                Sunstroke or heat                    water as it cools itself but    activity or work. When
           rays:                     exhaustion can happen quickly            doesn’t register thirst until   thirst finally occurs, it is too
                                     and without any warning. It is           the stores of fluid have been   late and the body has
•     Slip on a shirt                dangerous for all ages but               greatly diminished. Because     difficulty ‘catching up.’ So be
•     Slop on sunscreen              especially the young and old             of this anyone in the heat –    prepared, drink your water,
•     Slap on a hat                  since their bodies can’t control         runners, construction           and avoid a serious heat
                                     temperatures as well as other            workers, gardeners, and         illness.
•     Wrap on sunglasses             ages. During activity and heat,          kids playing – must drink
      to protect the eyes            the body continually loses               water throughout their
      and sensitive skin
      around them                    References / Resources
                                     www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/heatstress/ - Dept. of Human Services – signs, symptoms, and related
                                     sites for heat exhaustion, sunstroke, and occupational heat hazards
                                     www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/heatillness.html - MedlinePlus, National Institute of Health has FAQ
                                     sheets and other handouts
                                     www.mayoclinic.com/health/first-aid-heat-exhaustion/FA00020 - information from the Mayo
                                     Clinic with first aid tips

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