The Oil Spill

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					 The Oil Spill

By: Madeline Langley

        Damage That Was Caused
• The oil smothered coral formations, messed up the food chain,
  affected life forms, and layered vast areas of ocean floor with
  tarry deposits.
• The oil spill is a tremendous threat to fish, birds, turtles,
  endangered wildlife, and any animal that lives in the sea.
  People will try to save them, but do not always succeed.

                                        Animals are in huge
                                        danger if they are coated
                                        in oil. (This is a turtle)
Birds die from oil spills if their feathers are covered in oil
because the bird will try and clean its feathers and then will
be poisoned by the oil. Also, the oil is too heavy for the bird to
fly. If workers have found sea birds that are not dead
because of oil, they will take the birds to a cleaning center or
captivity where they are kept in a facility because they can
not live in the wild on their own. When a bird is taken in to a
professional the oil will be flushed from its eyes, intestines,
and feathers. The bird will be checked for other injuries like
broken bones, and will take a special medicine to prevent any
more damage. When the bird seems better, it will take a test
on its abilities to float in the water and keep water away from
its body. As soon as the bird passes the test it will be let out
into the wild.
              SEA OTTERS
Sea otters are affected by oil very much. The
  otter’s body may get covered in oil, which
  causes build up in the otter’s air bubbles. These
  air bubbles are located in the otter’s fur. Air
  bubbles help otters survive the cold oceans.
  They act like a cover over the otter’s body and
  help them float in the water. When oil builds up
  in the air bubbles, the otters may die of
  hypothermia (low body temperature). Many sea
  otters are being placed in captivity after the oil
  spill until the they are cleaned and ready to live
  in the ocean again.

Many people don’t think about the small
animals that are affected by oil spills such as:
Plankton, larval fish, and bottom dwelling
organisms. Even seaweed, clams, oysters, and
mussels can be affected by oil spills. Only off-
shore accidents normally cause the deaths of
these small sea animals because that is their
main home.
               KILLER WHALES

Oil spills are one of the ways killer whales
  became endangered. The oil may get eaten or
  go into the whale’s blowhole. A blowhole is a
  hole to help the whale breathe. Sometimes,
  whales rise up out of the water to take a
  breath. The main reason whales die is
  because they eat a fish that swam through the
  oil. If a fish swam through the oil and a whale
  eats the fish, it also eats the oil. Now that the
  whale has eaten the oil, it has been poisoned.
   Ways That Some Animals Die From
               Oil Spills
Animals can die when they
 get hypothermia, which is
 when their body
 temperature is too low.
 Oil may also cause an
 animal to die by entering
 the animal’s lungs or
 liver. Then, the animal
 will be poisoned by the
 oil. Lastly, oil also can kill
 an animal by blinding it.
 The animal will no longer
 be able to see anything
 like its predators so they
 might get eaten.
         The Food Chain

• When hundreds of plankton die because of oil,
  that specie of animal may become extinct. Then,
  fish won’t be able to eat the plankton, so they will
  become extinct. A killer whale could then become
  extinct because it can’t eat the fish.

• This is what happens when a specie becomes
  extinct as a result of an oil spill. The oil spill can
  damage the entire food chain in the area.
• The length of coastline affected by the oil spill is
  equal to five Californias.
• 206 million gallons of oil escaped into the ocean in
  April 2010.
• Animals that are in captivity because of an oil spill
  will be cleaned by professionals and volunteers.
• Oil spills are sometimes the reason why animals
  become endangered.
  The Exxon Valdez oil spill occurred on March 23,
  1989. The list below shows how animals have been

                Recovered                      Recovery is
                Animals:                       unknown:
                Bald Eagle                     Cutthroat Trout
                River Otter Recovering         Dolly Varden
                            Animals:           Kittlitz murrelet
Not Recovered                                  Rockfish
                         Black oystercatcher
                         Common murre
Common Loon              Marbled murrelett
Cormorant                Mussel
Killer Whale             Pacific Herring
Harbor Seal              Pink Salmon
Harlequin Duck           Sea Otter
Pigeon Quillemont        Sockeye Salmon
                          A Fun Project
Are you wondering what the animals feel like when they are covered in oil? I
   did, so I decided to find out.
• A bowl
• Water
• Hot chocolate powder
• Oil (any kind)
• A clean bird feather (Optional)

• First, take the bowl and pour water in it. Then, pour the hot
  chocolate mix into the water. Now your water should be brown
  to resemble the color of the oil. Next, pour some oil into the
  water. Finally, dip your finger or bird feather into the water to
  feel it. Now that your feather or finger is slimy go to the sink and
  see how much water it takes to get it completely off.

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