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Democracy & Prison Experiment Jot Notes

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					                                             Democracy

"What Is Democracy?" Stanford Education. Hilla University, 21 Jan. 2004. Web. 05 Oct. 2012.
<http://www.stanford.edu/~ldiamond/iraq/WhaIsDemocracy012004.htm>.

-Democracy is the political system in which the government is replaced by fair voting
-The population is active within the community
-Everyone has human rights, including being protected and being treated
-Democracy is considered the right way to run the government
-People of the community are active and participate or have a say in future actions
-People choose their leaders/government
-Discuss the needs and wants among the people
-Are also involved in the creation of laws
-Many countries try to have democracy, but often fail
-Different types of democracy include: direct, representative, hybrid, etc.
-“Democracy” comes from a Greek word, which means ruling the people
-People choose who represents them, different parties in an election
-Elections take place in given time intervals (exp. Every 4 years, every 5 years, etc.)
-National/local representatives listen to the needs, wants, and suggestions of the public
-All parties campaign in their own way, whether it is advertisements or speeches, all have the
opportunity to reach out to the people
-All voters are anonymous, vote in private and their decision is not to be judged/intimidated
-A good organized election often takes more time to keep everything in place
-Citizens in a democracy have a role in participating in the public
-Every candidate may have similar/different views and perspectives
-In democracy, no one is forced to join an organization if they don’t want to
-Every citizen has certain rights that must be obeyed
-Allowed to follow own beliefs, say, think, write what you want
-Everyone could follow/worship whichever religion they want
"Democracy." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., 27 July 2006. Web. 05 Oct. 2012.
     <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/democracy/>.

-Allowed to join with other people and organize groups/clubs
-Free to move around and/or leave the country whenever you please
-Have the right to protest against government actions
-“Democracy is a system of rules by law, not by individuals.”
-Government has a limit of power, and cannot exceed it
-No one is above the law, whether you are a citizen or prime minister
-No political party, government type, can tell a judge how to decide a case
-Those working in office cannot use their power to enrich/benefit themselves
-In today’s world: torture, and inhumane treatment is strictly forbidden
-Anyone claimed to be guilty or charged for a crime, has the right to have their case heard in a court
of law
-Disagreements with political parties shall be settled WITHOUT violence
-Allowed to question the actions of the government, must not forget government authority
-Everyone has the right to be heard, even if they disagree
-Citizens must not be stubborn, should consider other point of views
-Democracy consists of compromising, groups can sit down and negotiate
-Demands are not guaranteed, impossible for everyone to get what they want
-If a group of people fails to be heard, this may be used to against them
-Everyone has different views; some countries have democracy and some don’t

Zimmermann, Kim Ann. "What Is Democracy? Definition, Types & History." Live Science. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 08 Oct. 2012. <http://www.livescience.com/20919-democracy.html>.

-Often compared to dictatorship and monarchies, where people have little or no say in how society
is run
-Is considered the most challenging form of government as they have to compromise to please
everyone
-In the U.S. there is a three-branch government system: President, Congress, Supreme Court
-For more than a century, the United States have been ruled by democrats and republicans
-“Social” democracy formed in the late 19th century, which provides education, health care,
childcare, elderly care, work compensations, and more to those citizens
-Definitely the most humane and righteous type of government for people
-One group of people relies on others, and must compromise both sides of arguments
-Democracy is being promoted to other countries that are ‘corrupt’, including Iraq
-The first democracy was Athenian democracy in 507 BCE
                   Dr. Zimbardo (Stanford Prison Experiment)

3."Participants in the Infamous 1971 Stanford Prison Experiment Reflect on How That Study
        Changed Their Lives." MinnPost. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Oct. 2012.
        <http://www.minnpost.com/second-opinion/2011/07/participants-infamous-1971-stanford-
        prison-experiment-reflect-how-study-chang>.

1.Zimbardo, Philip G. "Stanford Prison Experiment." The Simulation Study of the Psychology of
      Imprisonment. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Oct. 2012. <http://www.prisonexp.org/psychology/1>.

2.Zimbardo, Philip. "The Stanford Prison Experiment." The Ralph Nader Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 06
Oct. 2012. <http://www.naderlibrary.com/stanford.prison.htm>.


-The study of psychological effects prison life had on a human
-what effects would happen to those in prison (whether it be a prisoner or gaurd)
-walls of the simulated prison room had cameras to record actions
-system of microphones allowed researchers to listen and monitor what prisoners discuss
-no windows or clocks in the cells (they couldn’t tell the time of day)
-Upon arrival of prisoners to the cells, they were stripped naked and sprayed
-This humiliated prisoners and killed germs/lice before entering
-“...we were trying to create a functional simulation of a prison -- not a literal prison.”
-prisoners wore uniforms: dresses with ID, heavy chain on right ankle, rubber sandals, and a
stocking cap
-the main goal was to humiliate and build different feelings for prisoners
-soon enough they started acting like women, based on how they walk, sit, hold themselves
-chain on foot was important to not let prisoners escape the feeling of prison, even if they’re asleep
they can feel the chain moving around
-minimized individuality by covering hair
-guards make their own rules, prisoners treated worse (rights violated)
-sunglasses were worn to prevent prisoners from seeing their expression
-Woken up in middle of night so the guards feel powerful over prisoners
- http://www.prisonexp.org/psychology/15

				
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Description: These are jot notes and their sources on the topics 'Democracy' and 'Dr. Zimbardo: The Prison Experiment'.