by Kenneth N. Ross (IIEP/UNESCO) & Demus K. Makuwa (SACMEQ CC) World Social Sciences Forum, Bergen 10 May 2009 What is SACMEQ? 3 EFA-Dakar Framework for Action: ◦ Goals # 2 and 5: Access to primary/basic education of good quality ◦ Goal # 6: “Improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring excellence for all so that recognized and measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all, especially in literacy, numeracy, and essential life skills.” UN Millennium Development Goals: ◦ MDGs # 1, 2 and 6 ◦ 1 = eradicate extreme poverty & hunger; ◦ 2 = achieve UPE; ◦ 6 = Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, etc. 4 To undertake integrated research and training that will develop the capacities of educational planners to: ◦ Monitor and evaluate the conditions of schooling and the quality of their own basic education systems; ◦ To generate research based information that can be used by decision-makers to plan for improvements in the quality of education. Governance SACMEQ Assembly of Ministers of Education General Policy SACMEQ Managing Committee Scientific & Measurement Detailed Policy and Training and Committees Monitoring Technical Support SACMEQ Co- Co-operation ordinating Centre General Administration “External Friends” and Country-Specific Technical Issues Training and Technical Support 15 SACMEQ NRCs and 30 D/NRCs 10/26/2012 6 Phase 1 (1989- Phase 2 (1995-1998) Phase 3 (1999-2004) Phase 4 (2005-2009) 1994) IIEP as the facilitator IIEP as the external IIEP as one of several IIEP as the for the SACMEQ I friend for the external friends for initiator of an Project SACMEQ II Project SACMEQ III Project experimental research & training programme. Evolution of SACMEQ SACMEQ Policy Cycle Programme implementation General Policy reform and policy agenda for action concerns Consultation and debate Specific research questions Policy Data suggestions collection and analysis Interpretation and reporting Is the quality of education improving, remained the same or declining? What were the characteristics of Grade 6 pupils and their teachers? What were the teaching conditions in primary schools? How is achievement correlated with various factors such as SES and gender? Etc. What is the level of pupils & teachers’ knowledge of basic facts about HIV & AIDS, including ways of transmission, prevention, misconceptions, treatment & care? What is the impact of HIV & AIDS on the functioning of schools? Etc. ▶ School Characteristics ◦ type, location, enrolment, resources, principal’s qualification, parental involvement etc. Learner Achievement Reading ▶ Learner Characteristics Maths ◦ Age, Sex, Attendance, Repetition, SES, Nutrition, Siblings, Home Health help, etc. Teacher Characteristics ◦ Age, Sex, Qualifications, Subjects, Classroom resources, Behaviour, In-service training, etc. 10/26/2012 11 The SACMEQ I The SACMEQ II The SACMEQ III Project Project Project 1995 - 1998 1999 - 2002 2005 - 2009 Seven MoE; Fourteen MoE; Fifteen MoE 20,133 pupils 41,686 pupils 69, 888 pupils 2,014 teachers 5,313 teachers 7,614 teachers 1,086 schools 2,282 schools 2,785 schools Reading Test for Reading & Maths Tests Reading, Maths & Pupils. for Pupils and Health Knowledge Teachers Tests for Pupils and Teachers Questionnaires Questionnaires for pupils, teachers for pupils, teachers Questionnaires & & for pupils, teachers School heads School heads & School heads A Visual Comparison of School Systems Performance Average Pupil Betw een-School Variation Within-School Variation Total Variation in Reading Scores Reading Scores Seychelles (582) 12 Sey 142 Seychelles (153) Kenya (546) 36 Ken Kenya (79) 43 Tanzania (546) 28 Tan 53 Tanzania (81) Mauritius (536) 38 Mau 110 Mauritius (148) Sw aziland (530) 17 Sw a 29 Sw aziland (47) Botsw ana (521) 20 Bot 58 Botsw ana (78) Mozambique (517) 12 Moz 29 Mozambique (42) SACMEQ (500) 37 SACMEQ 63 SACMEQ (100) South Africa (492) 104 Sou 45 South Africa (150) Uganda (482) 48 Uga 36 Uganda (83) Zanzibar (478) 12 Zan 37 Zanzibar (50) Lesotho (451) 13 Les 21 Lesotho (34) Namibia (449) 45 Nam 30 Namibia (75) Zambia (440) 23 Zam 49 Zambia (72) Malaw i (429) 7 Mal 18 Malaw i (25) 150 100 50 0 50 100 150 SACMEQ II Study: Average Pupil Reading Scores and Variation in Pupil Reading Scores www.sacmeq.org/statplanet Thank you for your attention!
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