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Thomas Jefferson

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					Thomas Jefferson


         3rd President of the
            United States
             1801 - 1809
Election of 1800

   Resulted in tie between Thomas Jefferson
    and Aaron Burr
   Election was decided by House of
    Representatives on the 36th ballot
   12th Amendment changed the Electoral
    process to accommodate political parties
    sponsoring a “ticket” for President and Vice
    President
Louisiana Purchase - 1803
Problem?

   The Constitution did not mention the
    purchase of land
   Jefferson – a strict constructionist – did not
    want to use the elastic clause to complete
    the purchase
   Transfer of land was arranged as part of a
    treaty between France and the U.S -
    negotiated by the executive branch and
    ratified by the Senate
    Significance of the Louisiana Purchase

   Set precedent for expansion
    –   Doubled the size of the US

   Allowed Jefferson to complete the purchase without technically
    use the elastic clause
    –   Established the precedent that land can be added to the US by treaty –
        opened the possibility to expand to Pacific coast (“Manifest Destiny”)

   Payment (arranged by Bank of U.S.) of $15 million was very
    reasonable

   Gave US complete control of the Mississippi River
    –   Removed a foreign neighbor from our western boundary
    –   Paved the way for the Lewis and Clark Expedition
Thomas Jefferson’s Foreign Policy

   The Barbary Pirates
    –   Had been paid protection money by US gov’t. so
        they would not interfere with US shipping in
        Mediterranean
    –   Jefferson refused to pay money and sent US
        warships to protect US vessels
Thomas Jefferson’s Foreign Policy

   Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
    –   British attacked US ship, killed Americans, and
        impressed others
    –   Jefferson resolved through diplomatic means –
        not war
Thomas Jefferson’s Foreign Policy

   The Embargo Act – 1807
    –   Prohibited US ships from sailing to any foreign port in
        attempt to stop the British from violating US rights of neutral
        nation
    –   Brought economic hardship to America; some Americans
        hard-hit by the depression they talked of secession from the
        union
    –   Was repealed in 1809 – Macon’s Bill #2 US could trade with
        any nation except Britain and France
   A political cartoon showing merchants dodging the "Ograbme",
    which is 'Embargo' spelled backwards

				
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posted:10/26/2012
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