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					                                                     A-1


Appendix A. Basic data

Table A-1. GNP, employment, and hours worked in the
whole economy, 1928-85
           GNP, billion rubles      Total employment,           Average annual
           at fixed factor costs full-time equivalents:         hours worked:
           of:
                                    million      million        years        hours
           1937          1982                                   of 1937
                      1          2            3            4            5            6
1928             123.7           ..        51.6            ..        1.02    ..
1929             127.0           ..        51.1            ..        1.03    ..
1930             134.5           ..        51.5            ..        0.99    ..
1931             137.2           ..        52.8            ..        0.99    ..
1932             135.7           ..        53.4            ..        1.00    ..
1933             141.3           ..        54.2            ..        1.03    ..
1934             155.2           ..        57.7            ..        1.03    ..
1935             178.6           ..        62.8            ..        1.03    ..
1936             192.8           ..        62.3            ..        1.01    ..
1937             212.3           ..        66.0            ..        1.00    ..
1938             216.3           ..        69.1            ..        1.00    ..
1939             229.5           ..        71.6            ..        1.00    ..
1940             253.9           ..        79.1            ..        1.06    ..
1941             218.7           ..        72.8            ..        1.19    ..
1942             166.8           ..        54.2            ..        1.29    ..
1943             185.4           ..        60.4            ..        1.24    ..
1944             220.3           ..        69.6            ..        1.28    ..
1945             209.1           ..        74.6            ..        1.19    ..
1946             198.4           ..        71.8            ..        1.15    ..
1947             220.5           ..        72.9            ..        1.12    ..
1948             250.7           ..        76.3            ..        1.12    ..
1949             277.7           ..        80.7            ..        1.13    ..
1950             304.3       184.3         86.0         85.2         1.12         1842
1951             327.1       185.3         87.1         85.5         1.12         1834
1952             351.8       197.4         86.5         86.3         1.12         1826
1953             374.6       206.0         88.3         88.4         1.13         1821
1954             404.1       216.0         91.5         92.1         1.12         1838
1955             441.6       234.4         94.3         93.4         1.12         1843
1956             483.4       257.0         95.5         95.0         1.11         1848
1957             514.0       262.4         96.8         95.4         1.10         1850
1958             558.9       282.3        100.4         97.5         1.08         1846
1959             594.3       296.1        101.4         97.9         1.05         1819
1960             629.0       305.7        102.7         99.4         1.02         1787
1961             669.3       323.1        107.5        101.3         1.01         1740
1962             708.0       331.8        110.1        103.7         1.00         1723
1963             732.7       324.2        110.6        104.5         1.01         1723
1964             788.4       366.4        112.2        107.0         1.02         1730
1965             836.6       387.0        116.7        111.3         1.01         1722
1966             896.5       405.7        119.2        114.1         1.02         1723
1967                  ..     423.8            ..       116.1            ..        1726
1968                  ..     449.0            ..       118.3            ..        1725
1969                  ..     455.6            ..       120.2            ..        1727
1970                  ..     491.6            ..       122.1            ..        1733
1971                  ..     505.1            ..       124.2            ..        1742
1972                  ..     508.3            ..       126.1            ..        1743
1973                  ..     551.7            ..       128.3            ..        1739
                                                       A-2


1974               ..        567.2           ..         130.5            ..        1744
1975               ..        569.1           ..         132.2            ..        1742
1976               ..        596.4           ..         133.2            ..        1745
1977               ..        610.2           ..         135.4            ..        1742
1978               ..        626.2           ..         137.4            ..        1740
1979               ..        623.0           ..         139.0            ..        1738
1980               ..        624.7           ..         140.5            ..        1738
1981               ..        630.6           ..         141.9            ..        1735
1982               ..        646.7           ..         143.3            ..        1734
1983               ..        667.3           ..         144.2            ..        1736
1984               ..        676.9           ..         144.7            ..        1738
1985               ..        682.9           ..         145.2            ..        1738
Sources
1         1928-39, 1946-62: Moorsteen, Powell (1966), 622-4.
          1940-5: Harrison (1996), 92.
          1962-6: Becker, Moorsteen, Powell (1968), 51.
2         CIA (1990), 54-7.
3         1928-40, 1945-60: Moorsteen, Powell (1966), 643.
          1941-4: Powell (1968), 35.
          1961-6: Becker, Moorsteem, Powell (1968), 57 (there is
          some break of continuity between this section of the series
          and the figure for 1961 provided by Moorsteen, Powell
          (1966), 643.
4         Rapawy (1987), 194-5, 202-3 (armed forces personnel, plus
          total employment in the national economy).
5         1928-40, 1945-60: Moorsteen, Powell (1966), 648.
          1941-4: Powell (1968), 37.
          1961-6: Becker, Moorsteem, Powell (1968), 59 (see also
          note 3 above).
6         Rapawy (1987), 210-11.



::
Table A-2. Industry value added, employment, and hours worked, 1928-85
            Value added, billion Employment in          Average annual
            rubles, at fixed      full-time equivalents hours worked
            factor costs of:

          1937          1982         thou.        thou.          hours        hours
                    1           2            3               4          5             6
1928             24.5   ..                4339    ..                 1938     ..
1929             28.3   ..                4606    ..                 1947     ..
1930             33.7   ..                5457    ..                 1865     ..
1931             36.2   ..                6801    ..                 1838     ..
1932             37.6   ..                9374    ..                 1842     ..
1933             40.1   ..                9271    ..                 1890     ..
1934             46.1   ..                9836    ..                 1893     ..
1935             54.2   ..               10466    ..                 1892     ..
1936             63.3   ..               11174    ..                 1849     ..
1937             65.4   ..               11641    ..                 1822     ..
1938             68.6   ..               12060    ..                 1822     ..
1939             73.7   ..               12554    ..                 1822     ..
1940             75.1   ..               13079    ..                 2056     ..
1941             73.3   ..               11836    ..                 2364     ..
1942             64.8   ..                8071    ..                 2600     ..
                                                      A-3


1943            75.7   ..                 8492   ..                2708   ..
1944            84.9   ..                 9665   ..                2684   ..
1945            71.9   ..                11008   ..                2374   ..
1946            54.5   ..                11526   ..                2224   ..
1947            62.1   ..                12151   ..                2210   ..
1948            75.8   ..                13077   ..                2210   ..
1949            89.7   ..                13702   ..                2210   ..
1950           101.6         32.9        14772        15945        2210        2158
1951           115.4         37.0   ..                16804   ..               2152
1952           123.0         40.0   ..                17393   ..               2146
1953           132.8         43.3   ..                18083   ..               2142
1954           148.1         47.3   ..                18911   ..               2139
1955           165.0         52.2   ..                19342   ..               2135
1956           182.8         55.8   ..                20006   ..               2082
1957           197.9         59.5   ..                20607   ..               2033
1958           216.1         64.2   ..                21194   ..               2019
1959           231.8         69.9   ..                21851   ..               1964
1960           247.0         75.1   ..                22785   ..               1890
1961           266.0         80.5   ..                23966   ..               1808
1962           284.4         86.6   ..                24810   ..               1808
1963           301.9         90.9   ..                25559   ..               1804
1964           319.4         96.9   ..                26418   ..               1813
1965           339.6        103.1   ..                27532   ..               1799
1966           360.6        108.6   ..                28583   ..               1808
1967      ..                116.8   ..                29501   ..               1813
1968      ..                123.9   ..                30465   ..               1817
1969      ..                130.5   ..                31181   ..               1821
1970      ..                138.0   ..                31599   ..               1817
1971      ..                144.2   ..                32036   ..               1828
1972      ..                150.6   ..                32467   ..               1824
1973      ..                160.6   ..                32881   ..               1812
1974      ..                171.7   ..                33439   ..               1816
1975      ..                181.4   ..                34060   ..               1813
1976      ..                187.4   ..                34821   ..               1812
1977      ..                193.0   ..                35423   ..               1808
1978      ..                197.2   ..                36020   ..               1800
1979      ..                200.7   ..                36502   ..               1796
1980      ..                204.1   ..                36897   ..               1791
1981      ..                206.7   ..                37242   ..               1786
1982      ..                209.3   ..                37616   ..               1782
1983      ..                214.5   ..                37836   ..               1780
1984      ..                220.5   ..                37963   ..               1782
1985      ..                225.1   ..                38109   ..               1783
Sources
1         1928-39, 1946-62: Moorsteen, Powell (1966), 622-4.
          1940-1945: Harrison (1996), 92.
          1962-6: Becker, Moorsteen, Powell (1968), 51.
2         CIA (1990), 54-7.
3         For 1928, 1932, 1937, 1940, figures are as from Barber
          (1994), 282. For other years before 1940 and for 1946-50
          employment in largescale industry is given by Zaleski
          (1971), 342-3, and Zaleski (1980) 562-3, 590-1, 628-9
          (before 1930 these figures must be adjusted to a
          calendar-year basis), and for 1941-5 from Harrison (1996),
          table G-2. Artisan employment in 1928, 1932, 1937, and
          1940 is calculated as the difference between employment
                                         A-4


    figures for industry as a whole and for largescale industry
    by Barber (1994), 282. For 1941-5, employment in
    largescale and artisan industry is taken from Harrison,
    table G-3, and for 1950 from Rapawy (1987), 202. Between
    other benchmark years, artisan employment is estimated
    by geometric interpolation. Total employment in industry is
    then employment in large-scale industry plus artisan
    employment in all years.
4   Employment in industry, plus independent artisans, from
    Rapawy (1987), 202.
5   Average days multiplied by average hours in largescale
    industry, from Moorsteen, Powell (1966), 647, except
    1940-5 from Harrison (1996), table G-6.
6   Total work-hour employment in industry and of independent
    artisans, divided by total numbers employed, calculated
    from Rapawy (1987), 202-3, 210-11.

				
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