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					England did not want the U.S.
 supplying their enemies (France)
 with supplies and food




                 http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/locations/images/img0054a.jpg
The Americans
wanted to trade
with both the
English and the
French
 - Benefit us
economically
British began impressment of
U.S. sailors – forced 6,000 to
serve in British Navy




               http://www.shippaintings.com/large_images/uss_constitution.JPG
            Chesapeake Incident
Q   June 21, 1807.
Q   British Captain fired on
    the USS Chesapeake.
Q   3 dead, 18 wounded.
Q   British Foreign Office
    said it was a mistake.
Q   Jefferson’s Response:
      Embargo Act of 1807
EMBARGO ACT OF 1807 -
stated no American ships could
sail to foreign ports and all
American ports were closed to
British & French ships
The Embargo Act (1807)
The “OGRABME” Turtle
The Embargo
Act was a
disaster - it hurt
the U.S. economy
very badly

Video Clip
   Non-Intercourse Act (1809)
 Replaced the Embargo Act.
 Remained U. S. policy until 1812.
 Unexpected Consequences:
     New England was forced to
      become self-sufficient again [old
      factories reopened].
     Laid the groundwork for US
      industrial power.
Trouble with Native
Americans
TECUMSEH -
Shawnee chief that
organized local
tribes against the
U.S. government
                      http://www.galafilm.com/1812/e/catalogues/people/tecumseh.jpeg
Nov. 1811 – General
William Harrison burns
Shawnee capital at Battle
of Tippecanoe.
Discovered natives were
using arms from British
Canada.
 This made Harrison a
national hero {1840 election
– Tippecanoe & Tyler too!}
http://search.eb.com/elections/art/otippea001p4.jpg
The WAR
HAWKS were a
group in the U.S.
that wanted war
with England.
John C. Calhoun
(S.C.) and Henry
Clay (Ky.)
“On to Canada”
                    http://www.kidzone.ws/animals/hawk.jpg
        “War Hawks”
                  John C. Calhoun [SC]




Henry Clay [KY]
Election of 1808
James Madison
defeats Charles
Pinckney.
Madison wants
war with Great
Britain.


                   http://www.kidzone.ws/animals/hawk.jpg
Presidential Election of 1808
On June 18,
1812 the
United
States
declares war
on England

               http://www.reformation.org/war-of-1812.enh.jpg
Presidential Election of 1812
“Mr. Madison’s War!”
      American Problems
 The US was unprepared militarily:
     Had a 12-ship navy vs. Britain’s
      800 ships.
     Americans disliked a draft 
      preferred to enlist in the
      disorganized state militias.
 Financially unprepared:
     Flood of paper $.

 Regional disagreements.
Overview
 of the
  War
   of
  1812
OLIVER HAZZARD
PERRY
an American naval
commander in charge
of U.S. ships in the
Great Lakes.
OLIVER HAZZARD PERRY IN BATTLE OF THAMES
BATTLE
OF
THAMES
was an
important
victory for
the
Americans
for two
reasons:
1) The
American
victory put
an end to
the British
threat in
Northwest
United
States
2) Tecumseh
was killed in
the battle.
   Battle of Fort McHenry,
                     1814




British fail to capture fort
Francis Scott Key writes
 Star Spangled Banner
AMERICAN FLAG AT FORT Mc HENRY
FORT McHENRY
British burn Washington D.C.
In retaliation of U.S. forces
burning governors mansion at
Battle of York (Upper Canada)
 Hartford Convention
December, 1814 – January,
          1815
Hartford Convention

New England angry at Jefferson
  for Embargo Act of 1807
New England angry at Madison
  for Non-Intercourse Act of
  1809
*** Both hurt New England
  merchants and shippers
 Treaty of Ghent
December 24, 1814
Treaty of Ghent
1} Armistice: End of fighting
2} No clear winner
3} Increased American patriotism
4} America proved it could defend
    itself
5} Trade & Manufacturing followed
The Battle of New Orleans,
           1815
The hero of the
BATTLE OF NEW
ORLEANS was GENERAL
ANDREW JACKSON

This battle was fought
two weeks after the war
was over
The Battle of New Orleans, 1815
Jackson’s Florida Campaigns

				
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posted:10/26/2012
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