SYNOPSIS OF THE PROSE TEXTS OF CLASS X
Swami was a school boy. One day he decided to stay away from school saying that he had a headache. But
his father forced him to go to school. Swami said that his teacher, Samuel would punish him if he went late. Samuel
sir is very cruel. He punishes the children severely.
Swami's father was angry. He wrote a letter to the headmaster complaining about Samuel's punishment.
He asked Swami to hand over the letter to the headmaster. Swami was very confused. He feels that he has done
wrong to his teacher. Samuel is not so cruel as he told his father. So he decided to give the letter only at the end of
the day. He hopes that he would be able to provoke his teacher by that time. Thus he could justify his letter.
But to his surprise Swami found his teacher as a very patient man. He was very soft to his children. Swami
could provoke the teacher only in the last period. He was punished for shouting in the class.
Swami could not give the letter to the headmaster who had taken a leave in the afternoon. On his return
from school his father got angry with him and tore the letter to pieces . He said that he reserved his Samuel.
GAMES AT TWILIGHT
The children in a household play hide and seek. In the game Raghu was the catcher. All other children hid
in different places. Ravi, who was first sitting on an upturned flower pot, slipped into an old shed. The shed was
full of rats, anthills, dust and spider webs. He wished to be the winner. He hid there for a long time. But nobody
came looking for him. After sometime he got out of the shed and ran towards the white pillar. He touched it and
shouted that he had won .
Everybody was surprised to see Ravi . They had forgot Ravi and had begun another game. This was a real
shock to Ravi. He felt quite insignificant among others. He cried bitterly.
THE METHOD OF SHERLOCK HOLMES
Dr. Watson picks up a stick left by one of their visitors. Holmes asks Watson to make some predictions on
its owner. Watson says that its owner is an elderly medical practitioner, Dr. James Mortimer. The stick was gifted to
him by someone. Mortimer must be a country practitioner who does a lot of walking. Holmes, after closely
observing the stick , agrees with Watson on the point that the stick was that of a country practitioner. He makes
several deductions. He observes that James Mortimer was on the staff of the Charing Cross Hospital. He left his
post in the city and moved to the village for private practice. He concludes that Mortimer was a young doctor,
amiable, unambitious, absent minded and possessor of a dog. He noticed the marks of the dog's jaw on the stick.
The dog used to carry the stick behind his master.
In the end Mortimer himself arrives there with his dog looking for his stick. Most of the deductions of
Holmes were correct except Mortimer's marriage. In fact he was gifted the stick on the occasion of his marriage.
THE BLUE BOUQUET
The narrator had stayed in a hotel room. It was too hot and he was soaked in sweat. He rubbed his chest
and legs with a damp cloth. He put on his clothes and came downstairs. The hotel keeper who looked a mysterious
man with one eye warned him against going out at that time. But the narrator went out into the street. It was very
dark and he couldn't see anything.
In the street he had a very shocking experience. He was stopped by a stranger who held a knife against his
neck. He said that he wanted blue eyes. It was his sweetheart's idea to have a bouquet of blue eyes. He threatened
to pull out his eyes. But the narrator told that his eyes weren't blue but brown. The stranger closely looked at the
eyes with the help of a lit match.
Realising that the eyes weren't blue he let the narrator free. The incident was a real shock to him. He left
the village the next day itself.
THE BEGGAR AND THE KING
The king was sitting on his golden chair in his royal robes. Then he heard the sound of a beggar crying for
bread. The king didn't like the sound of his voice. So he asked the servant to send him away. The servant told that
he had been send away but soon returned. The soldiers had whipped him, wounded him with daggers and gagged
him. But all these were of no use. They had cut off his tongue, but he immediately grew another. The king ordered
to kill the beggar. The servant answered that the beggar had already been killed but he came to life.
The beggar cried again for bread. The king was greatly annoyed. But nothing could stop the beggars cry.
The king was not ready to give any bread to him. He feared that the beggar would again come for bread. Finally he
decided to talk to the beggar. But the beggar was not ready to stop crying. He said that he had no king.
The beggar demanded the king to remove the crown from his head. But the king refused. He threatened to
kill the beggar for ordering him. But the beggar was quite indifferent. He continued to ask the king to throw away
the crown. He said that he was stronger than the mountain and sea. He threatened to blow over the palace and
crush the bones of the king. He went out warning the king of his second coming. No one could stop the beggar.
A banker held a party one autumn evening. There were so many guests among whom many were very
clever. Among their talk there arose a question as to whether death penalty or life imprisonment is more severe.
Some said it was death penalty and some others said it was life imprisonment. A young lawyer said that he would
choose life imprisonment to death penalty because to live anyhow is better than not at all.
The banker argued against it and invited the lawyer to a bet. He offered two millions if the lawyer would
stay in confinement for five years. The lawyer accepted the bet and offered to stay for fifteen years. Thus the bet
was carried out. For fifteen years he would stay in a lodge in the banker's garden. He would have no contact with
any human beings and no letters or newspapers would be allowed. He could have a musical instrument. He could
have anything he wanted- books, music, wine and so on.
The first year he spent by playing the music and reading novels and short stories. He suffered severely
from loneliness and depression. In the second year he read classics. In the fifth year he played music , drank wine .
He did not read anything but spent the time eating and drinking. In the coming years he learned many languages,
studied philosophy, history, natural sciences, medicine, chemistry and theology.
The day approached for his release. The banker was very upset because in paying him the two millions he
would be ruined. In order to avoid this he decided to kill the lawyer. But when he entered the room he found a note
written by the lawyer. It revealed his decision to leave the room before completion of the time and to give up the
two millions. The banker was greatly shocked to read this. He repented his decision to attempt to kill the lawyer.
BALTHAZAR'S MARVELLOUS AFTERNOON
Balthazar was an ordinary carpenter. His wife was Ursula. Once he made a wonderful cage. The cage he
made was the most beautiful one in the world. Soon he became popular. The people in the neighbourhood rushed to
the house to see the cage made by Balthazar. Dr. Octavio Giraldo said that the cage was so beautiful that it was not
required to put birds in it. It would sing by itself. He wished to possess it. But this he had made specially for Pepe,
Jose Montiel's son. Balthazar decided to ask for sixty pesos for the cage. Soon Balthazar got shaved, put on his
clothes and set out to Montiel's house with the cage . There was a large crowd with him.
When he reached there he did not get a warm welcome . Though Pepe was delighted at the sight of the cage
, Jose Montiel did not allow him to buy the cage. Everyone admired the cage except Montiel. He was angry with
Balthazar for taking the order from a small boy. He started beating up the boy. His wife's interventions had no
effect. Moved by all these Balthazar freely gifted the cage to Pepe. From a mere carpenter he soon rose to the level
of an artist. He began enjoying his new position.
He did not tell anyone about what happened at Montiel's house. He spent the night in merriment, dancing
and drinking with his friends. Finally he fell spread-eagled in the street. He dreamt of becoming a great artist one
day he wished to make a million cages and sell them for sixty pesos each. His wife and children waited for him till
midnight and finally went to bed.
THANKACHAN K. M. , ST THOMAS H S , MARANGATTUPILLY , KOTTAYAM