English teaching materials - conjunction

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					Pengayaan episode 71
      Conjunction




                       1
Conjunction




              2
    Conjunction
Digunakan untuk menggabungkan
   Kata Sambung
 anak kalimat dan induk kalimat
 dalam kalimat majemuk bertingkat
 disebut subordinate conjunction.
Digunakan untuk menggabungkan
 dua kalimat/bagian kalimat yang
 setara dalam kalimat majemuk
 disebut coordinate conjunction.


                                    3
   Coordinate conjunction.
    • And shows addition (tambahan).
    • But shows contrast (lawan).
    • Or shows alternation (pilihan).
    • So shows reason (alasan).




                                        4
And (dan)
  • Menggabungkan dua bagian
    kalimat.
    The boys and the girls join the
    camping.

  • Menggabungkan dua kalimat.
    My husband washes the car, and
    I prepare the meal for picnic on
   Sunday.
                                       5
But (tetapi)
  • Menggabungkan dua bagian
    kalimat.
    Anita is beautiful but lazy.

  • Menggabungkan dua kalimat.
     Ali has studies English for 3 years,
    but he cannot speak English
    fluently.

                                            6
Or (atau)
  • Menggabungkan dua bagian kalimat.
    Do you want an apple or an orange?

  • Menggabungkan dua kalimat.
    Are you going to the party, or will
   you stay home?


                                          7
So (jadi)
  • Menggabungkan dua kalimat.
   The dress was very beautiful, so
   I bought it.




                                      8
   Subordinate conjunction
    • Although shows contrast.
    • Before, after, when, since, until
      shows time.
    • Because, since shows reason
    • If shows condition.




                                          9
   Coordinate conjunction
    menghubungkan anak kalimat
    dengan induk kalimat.

   Induk kalimat bisa berdiri sendiri
    sedangkan anak kalimat tidak,
    harus melekat pada induknya.

   Coordinate conjunction ini
    mereupakan bagian dari anak
    kalimat tersebut.
                                         10
He is not happy although he has a lot of money.




induk kalimat         anak kalimat




                                                  11
   Anak kalimat bisa diletakkan
    diawal kalimat dengan catatan
    harus diberi koma.

   Although he has a lot of money,
    He is not happy.



                                      12
1. Time
  When : ketika
  • I was in the mall when I saw
     him for the first time.

  • When I saw him for the first
    time, I was in the mall.

                                   13
   Until   : sampai

    • I waited for him until he came.

    • Until he came, I waited for
      him.


                                        14
 Before : sebelum

  - The man talked to the
    receptionist before he entered
    the office.

  - Before he entered the office,
    the man talked to the
    receptionist.
                                     15
   After (sesudah)
    • I will help you after I finish my
      own job.

    • After I finish my own job, I will
      help you.


                                          16
   Since (sejak)
    • Ratna had liked him since she
      met him for the first time.

    • Since she met him for the first
      time, she had liked him.


                                        17
2. Alasan (reason)
  Because (karena)

• I left early because I was very
  tired.
• Because I was very tired, I left
  early.



                                     18
 Since (karena)

  • Hendra can't accompany me since
    he has to meet the headmaster.


  • Since he has to meet the headmaster,
    Hendra can’t accompany me.


                                           19
3. Syarat (condition)

   If (jika)
     • I will come to her party if she
       invites me.

    • If she invites me, I will come to
      her party.


                                          20
4. Pertentangan (contrast)

   Although (meskipun)
    • I will buy this pairs of shoes
      although they are expensive.

    • Although this pairs of shoes are
      expensive, I will buy them.

                                         21
1. I have been interested in
   language…I was a child.
   a. if
   b. since
   c. because
   d. until


                               22
2. He made a lot of progress for this
   school … he became a principal
   a. if
   b. although
   c. when
   d. before


                                        23
3. It will be difficult to talk to her
   …you have hurt her felling.
   a. although
   b. when
   c. until
   d. because


                                         24
4. …she left this school, I had
   never met her again.
   a. Although
   b. If
   c. Since
   d. Before


                                  25
5. This glass is beautiful…fragile.
   a. and
   b. or
   c. but
   d. so



                                      26
6. Do you want to watch the film
   …will you stay home?
   a. and
   b. but
   c. or
   d. although


                                   27
7. Student : May I go out sir?
    Teacher : You are not allowed
             to go out…the bell
             rings.
   a. before
   b. after
   c. although
   d. because
                                    28
8. Son    : Will father angry with
            me?
  Mother : What have you done?
  Son     : I got 4 for English.
  Mother : Of course! He will be angry
            …you get a bad mark.
            It means you didn’t study
            hard.
  a. if
                        jhklrjkj
  b. because            hlljgnhj
  c. after              jot

  d. until
                                         29
9. Mira : How is your holiday?
   Lily : It was great…it rains a lot.
          We did many interesting
          things.
   a. because
   b. until
   c. when
   d. although
                                         30
10. Lucy : Which one do you like,
                swimming …
   jogging?
    Dian : I like swimming better
            than jogging.
   a. and
   b. until
   c. if
   d. or
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