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ASCA_Corrections_Directions_Jan2011 by xiaopangnv


									                                       President’s Message

                            I am very honored to be              professional lives right now. At the very least you are
                            writing you as the incoming          moving into new offices, taking on unfamiliar,
                            President of the Association of      responsibilities, developing fresh working relationships
                            State Correctional Administrators.   and establishing your own routines. If you have arrived in
                            There is no better way to begin      corrections from another sector, you are probably getting
                            this message than by thanking        up to speed on a new set of operating principles and even
                            Pat Caruso, my predecessor, for      a new language.
                            her faithful and valuable
                            service to this organization.        It is also true that change is hardwired into the
                            Pat will be long remembered          professional lives of all of us, whatever our tenure in these
                            and rightly celebrated for her       dynamic, complicated and sometimes volatile
                            exceptional dedication to our        environments. We will all be working with new leaders in
          AT Wall          Association as well as for her        key positions – be they in the Governor’s office, the
openness, upbeat personality and infectious enthusiasm for       legislature or other agencies. Members of our own staff
all things ASCA. We are better today because of Pat’s            leave. Shifting budgetary considerations require us to find
leadership and I know I am joined by the many colleagues         novel ways of executing our mission. And then there are
who have benefitted from her service.                            obvious areas of nonstop change, such as technology and
                                                                 trend in offender populations.
  I’d also like to extend an especially warm welcome to our       
newest members, those of you who have just been appointed        I am confident that ASCA will, as it has for more than twenty-
as state Corrections Directors. We are delighted that you will   five years, provide the support and continuity essential to
be with us and we look forward to your full participation from   Corrections Directors, whose positions are by definition so
the outset. As new members, you’ll be receiving information      affected by unpredictability and change. My experience as a
to help you become oriented and engaged. If there’s anything     correctional administrator has taught me that in our field,
we can do to make your transition easier, please contact         wisdom is cumulative, and there is nothing more helpful than
George and Camille Camp, our co-Executive Directors              the perspective of others who know what it feels like to be us.
(,, 860-704-6410) or me              
(, 401-462-2611).                                 I look forward very much to working with all of you as we
                                                                 support one other in fulfilling the difficult and sensitive
  There is no doubt that those of you who are new to the         missions with which we have been entrusted.
office are undergoing enormous changes in your

        213 Court Street, Suite 606 | Middletown, CT 06457 | 860.704.6410 | Fax: 860.704.6420 |
                    1110 Opal Court, Suite 5 | Hagerstown, MD 21740 | 301.791.2722 | Fax: 301.393.9494
                                       George & Camille Camp, Executive Directors
                                             Editors’ Corner
                            Getting Together is Essential to Staying Together
                         Absent being in the same room at
                         the same time, absent that face-to-                       NIC Training for
                         face contact and ability to interact
                                                                              Mental Illness in Corrections
                         directly with one another, we are
                         not and cannot be a viable
                                                                                   The National Institute of Corrections is
                         association. What makes ASCA
                                                                                   offering a training opportunity
                         thrive is the frequent contact
                                                                                   entitled  Crisis Intervention Teams: A
                         members have with one another.
                                                                                   Frontline Response to Mental Illness in
                         Not only does an association
                                                                                   Corrections scheduled for July 25, 2011
                         require frequent member contact,
                                                                                   through July 29, 2011. The course
                         but those contacts must be
                                                                   provides training for a three person team including a
                         constructive on a business level
                                                                   correctional administrator/trainer/officer, a
                         and they must be friendly on a
 George and Camille Camp                                           community advocate for persons with mental illness
                         personal level.
                                                                   and a mental health professional.
For an association to be a successful advocate for its
                                                                   More information about the training is posted on the
positions, members must believe in not only the worthiness
                                                          web site at:
of their positions, but in the personal well being of its
members. That is ASCA’s strength. Just ask a member –
current or past - they can tell you as much about what ASCA
advocates as they can about the persons with whom they
attended New Director Training. Some might argue that
peer interaction is possible via the internet, but try                           TABLE OF CONTENTS
convincing our members from the southern region that you
                                                                   President’s Message..................................................................1
can, or from any region for that matter.
                                                                   Editor’s Corner..........................................................................2
We hear more and more about the wonders of Facebook and            Associate Director’s Message................................................3-4
other forms of social media. In fact, we devoted considerable      Upcoming Events......................................................................4
time to a discussion of them during the recent Special Issues
                                                                   ASCA Holds 2010 Special Issues Seminar............................5-7
Seminar. For a moment, I was seduced by their charm and
thought they had application and value to ASCA. No longer          New Members Join ASCA...................................................8-13
– at best, they are a poor substitute for interaction. Facebook    Evidence Integration Initiative................................................14
is not face-to-face interaction.
                                                                   N-Dex Program Office Hosts Corrections Summit...........14-15
While the internet has a role to play in communicating             President Obama Nominated
information, it is limited in its ability to provide support and       Denise O'Donnell to be Director of BJA............................15
satisfaction. Because of those limitations, we find comfort in     Rhode Island a Model for HIV/AIDS
coming together to advocate for change and renewed
                                                                     Testing & Treatment in Prisons.....................................15-16
confidence from the concern we feel from all members. We
do indeed associate with one another, because that’s what          New “Point of Service” Program Will Focus on HIV
associations do, and “yes,” it’s what ASCA does best.              Testing and Treatment for Inmates at Rikers Island..........16-17
                                                                   ASCA President and Michigan Director
                                                                     Patricia Caruso Retires..................................................17-18
                                                                   Legislative & Government Affairs Update........................19-20
                      Visit ASCA's NEW Web Site at:
                                                                   Jurisdictional News.............................................................25-37

                                                             Page 2
                            Associate Director’s Message
                                                      We’re Smokin’!
By Bob May
We have all used the term, “We’re Smokin!” in various              – even worse than before. BJA was forced to stop the workshop
situations to denote success but recently at the BJA National      and vacate the room. We were truly “SMOKIN’!”
Conference in Washington, Advancing Justice through
Evidence and Innovation, we lived it.                              Everyone was talking about the conference’s “smoking
                                                                   workshop”, but not in smoking in the context we all had
It was December 6th, 2010 at the Washington Hilton. I was          hoped for! The exciting work being done by the Hampden
moderating a workshop titled Corrections Information               County Sheriff’s Department in Massachusetts and the Rhode
Sharing to Improve Reentry Success to highlight the work           Island Department of Correction had fallen by the wayside
being done by ASCA and several other organizations through         and the smoke dominated the discussion. John was
BJA grants. The workshop presenters were Erin L. Boyar,            disappointed that he was unable to share his agency’s current
Principal Planner – Planning and Research at the Rhode Island      reentry efforts, as were all in the audience.
Department of Corrections, and John Kenney, Assistant
Superintendent for Special Operations at the Hampden               BJA felt so bad about the situation that they asked John to
County Sheriff’s Department.                                       record a podcast of his presentation while at the conference.
                                                                   His presentation is now available on the BJA website,
Since our efforts as criminal justice system actors to promote     Corrections Information Sharing to Improve Reentry Success
public safety are contingent on our ability to share information   ( In the
across the bounds of agency and discipline, BJA designed these     podcast, John discusses Hampden County's information
projects to improve that sharing. The workshop was designed to     sharing and reentry initiatives and how the sharing of
highlight real world examples that ASCA and other                  accurate, complete, and timely offender information across
organizations are doing to implement reentry information           justice, health, education, and other sectors can improve
sharing projects in Hampden County, MA and the Rhode Island        service delivery and promote the success of offenders
DOC. These pilot sites will ultimately demonstrate how the         returning to their communities.
sharing of accurate, complete, and timely offender information
can improve service delivery and promote the success of            ASCA Reentry Information Sharing Project includes two other
offenders returning to our communities. This work will result in   pilot sites: the Maryland Department of Public Safety and
model policies, MOUs, practices, and technology solutions that     Correctional Services and the Kansas Department of
promote more effective and efficient reentry strategies and can    Corrections. BJA expects that these pilots will become models
be leveraged for replication.                                      for replication that enable timely and accurate sharing of
                                                                   reentry information automatically via information systems
The workshop was delayed initially by smoke coming                 using national standards developed by Global.
through the floor from the room below. In a short period of
time, the problem appeared to be resolved and the workshop         In these days of tight budgets, the ability for this type of
began. After introductions and a project overview, Erin Boyar      information to be shared through information systems will
took the podium and explained to the audience why Rhode            save time and money. Service providers may be able to avoid
Island had decided to become a pilot site, what exchanges are      duplicating assessments and treatment programs that the
being implemented first, what business exchanges are planned       offender completed while incarcerated and redirect those
in the future, the challenges they have encountered, how they      resources to more accurately target services that provide
will measure impact and what they hope to gain from this           continuity of care and service. Advanced notifications about
effort once implemented.                                           who will be released, when and how many will help service
                                                                   providers prepare future budget requests having more
Next up was John Kenney who took to the podium to begin his        accurate information about future service needs and case
equally exciting presentation. John provided an overview of        loads. Additional savings and reduced crime may result in
Hampden County Sheriff’s Department and described their            offenders avoiding rearrest due to these innovations and
current information sharing effort, the Western Massachusetts      ultimately reduce recidivism. Extending the length of time
Sheriffs’ Information Network. Just as John was really starting    between incarcerations and reducing the seriousness of crimes
to roll, attendees in the back of the room started to leave. It    committed by providing better treatment services are also
wasn’t his presentation that drove them away, it was the smoke     laudable achievements.

                                                             Page 3
Associate Director’s Message, continued
This effort will help us reduce the number of people in our
                                                                              CORRECTIONS REENTRY
institutions and potential criminal activity in our communities.
                                                                         INFORMATION SHARING PODCASTS
Ultimately, the hope is that other agencies will want to
replicate these models so one day we will all be SMOKIN’!
                                                                   ASCA’s Reentry Information Sharing Pilot Project Podcast

                                                                   BJA has sponsored a project is to design, develop and
                                                                   implement a set of information sharing capabilities that
             UPCOMING EVENTS                                       can be used by the corrections community to exchange
                                                                   information between public safety, human/social
                                                                   services partners, and other community resources that
            Justice & Mental Health Collaboration                  participate in the offender reentry process. The overall
               Program National Training and                       goal of the pilot project(s) is to demonstrate improved
                  Technical Assistance Event                       efficiencies and effectiveness of the reentry process
                    February 9 – 11, 2011                          through the sharing of information. In this podcast
                       Baltimore, MD                               Robert May (Associate Director, Association of State
                                                                   Correctional Administrators (ASCA) and Mark Perbix
                2nd Chance Grantee Conference                      (Justice Information Systems Specialist, SEARCH)
                    February 23-25, 2011                           discuss the following:
                      Washington, DC
                                                                      • Background on a Reentry Focus for Information
                   APPA Winter Institute                                Sharing
                February 27 – March 2, 2011                           • Pilot Project selection and participants
                       Orlando, FL                                    • Pilot project business requirements
                                                                      • Role of the Technical Assistance partnering
                Fathers & Families Conference                           organizations
                      March 1 – 4, 2011                               • Information sharing standards
                     San Francisco, CA                                • Project Goals
                                                                      • Project deliverables and implementation
                NIC Deputy Directors Training
                    March 22 – 24, 2011                            To listen, go to: and then scroll
                         Georgia                                   down to Podcast #8.

             NIC Training for Directors and PIOs                      Hampden County, MA Pilot Reentry Site Podcast
                    April 12 – 14, 2011
                       Norman, OK                                  The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) launched their
                                                                   latest podcast, Corrections Information Sharing to
              OJJDP National Gang Symposium                        Improve Reentry Success. Different from other
                     June 7 – 10, 2011                             podcasts released under the BJA Justice Podcast Series,
                       Orlando, FL                                 this podcast is a recording of a session sponsored by
                                                                   ASCA at the BJA National Conference on December 6,
                   ASCA Summer Meetings                            2010. In this podcast, John Kenney, Assistant Deputy
                     August 4 - 7, 2011                            Superintendent of Special Operations at the Hampden
                      Kissimmee, FL                                County Sheriff's Office in Ludlow, Massachusetts,
                                                                   discusses Hampden County's information sharing and
                   ACA Summer Congress                             reentry initiatives and how the sharing of accurate,
                    August 5 - 10, 2011                            complete, and timely offender information across
                     Kissimmee, FL                                 justice, health, education, and other sectors can improve
                                                                   service delivery and promote the success of offenders
           OJJDP's Natl Juvenile Justice Conference                returning to their communities.  Hampden County is
                   October 10 – 14, 2011                           one of the four pilot sites under ASCA’s BJA Reentry
                    Washington, DC                                 Information Sharing Initiative. The project also
                                                                   involves APPA, IJIS Institute and SEARCH. http://

                                                             Page 4
                                    ASCA Holds 2010 Special Issues Seminar
The 2010 Special Issues Seminar entitled Transparency: New                                        Session 3
Social Media and The Public’s Interest in Corrections was                              Communicating Our Message:
held December 2nd at the Westin St. Francis in San Francisco,                      Perspectives from Outside Corrections
CA. Five sessions highlighted how new media outlets are
impacting corrections and how correctional agencies use the                                                        Matt Cate (CA) moderated
new social media to communicate their message.                                                                     the program with Ted
                                                                                                                   Gest, President, Criminal
                          Session 1                                                                                Justice Journalists and
                The Public’s Fascination with                                                                      Michele Deitch, Senior
            Corrections and the New Social Media                                                                   Lecturer, LBJ School of
                                                                                                                   Public Affairs and the Law
                                         Session 1 was moderated                                                   School, University of Texas
                                         by Matt Cate (CA) and         !SIS Moderator Matt Cate (CA) introduces at Austin serving as
                                                                          session panelists Ted Gest, President,
                                         featured presenter Oscar        Criminal Justice Journalists, and Michele panelists. The session
                                         Hidalgo, Communications         Deitch, Senior Lecturer, Univ. of Texas. included discussion about
                                         Director for the California                                               corrections from the
                                         Department of Corrections     perspective of the media and advocate. Ted Gest pointed out
                                         and Rehabilitation and        that there is a blurring of lines between hard news and
                                         Commissioner Joe              entertainment news. Criminal Justice Journalists has published
                                         Schmidt (AK). The session     a guide for journalists entitled Covering Crime and Justice.
                                         included a video montage      Michele Deitch suggested that the message that corrections are
                                         of news stories               trying to convey (safe, humane, healthy facilities, etc.) is not
!SIS Moderator Matt Cate (CA) introduces highlighting corrections      getting out. She suggested that advocates and advocate groups
    Oscar Hidalgo, CDCRC Director of
  Communications and Joe Schmidt (AK) and discussion about how         and administrators are not on separate sides of the message. She
                                         to manage information in      suggested that administrators should not assume advocates are
 the 24-hour media cycle and the new social media of Facebook,         hostile, open facilities to advocates, and encourage monitoring
 Twitter, YouTube, blogs and similar internet based “news.”            reports to increase the credibility of the agency.

                        Session 2                                                               Session 4
  Impact and Use of the New Social Media in Corrections                        Media Access Policies and High Profile Cases

                                       Matt Cate (CA) moderated                                                 Presenters Howard
                                       the discussion about social                                              Skolnik (NV), Thomas
                                       media in corrections and                                                 Patterson (UT) and Alvin
                                       how it is both used by and                                               Keller (NC) discussed
                                       against corrections.                                                     how they dealt with the
                                       Panelists included: Sandy                                                media when faced with
!SIS Moderator Matt Cate and Session 2 Close, Executive Editor                                                  high profile cases in their
 panelists New America Media Executive a n d D i r e c t o r, N e w                                             systems. Thomas
   Editor and Director Sandy Close, Ed
                                       America Media, who                                                       Patterson discussed how
    Buss (IN) and Eldon Vail (WA).
                                       discussed reaching out to       !  Matt Cate (CA), Executive Director    his agency dealt with a
minority populations by engaging minority media outlets; Ed              Thomas Patterson (UT) and Secretary recent death by firing
Buss (IN) discussed how his agency is using Facebook, Twitter            Alvin Keller (NC) during SIS Session 4 squad. The focus was
and a blog with controlled posts to communicate their                  placed on working with the family of victims throughout
message; and Eldon Vail (WA) discussed how his agency is               the process and that resulted in a positive outcome. There
using new social media to highlight the good things that are           was an attempt by media to infiltrate the process by
happening in the Department and showed a YouTube video                 pressuring family members. Alvin Keller discussed the Life
that highlighted an offender work program.                             Sentence in North Carolina and the recent attempt to apply
                                                                       sentence reduction time that would result in eligibility for
                                                                       release. Howard Skolnik presented a video of a news
                                                                       conference he held when O.J. Simpson was admitted to the
                                                                       Nevada Department of Corrections.

                                                                 Page 5
Special Issues Seminar, continued
                        Session 5                                      Session 1. ADT Moderator Brad Livingston (TX) facilitated the
    Communicating and Communications in Today’s World:                 Session 8 Roundtable Discussion.
               Where Do We Go From Here?
                                                                                                 Session 2
                                        The final session of the day                    Making Communities Safer –
                                        featured ASCA Officers                    Population Management/Control Strategies
                                        President Pat Caruso (MI),
                                        Vice President A.T. Wall                                                  Moderated by Brad
                                        (RI), Treasurer Chris Epps                                                Livingston (TX), this
                                        (MS) and Past President                                                   session featured a panel of
                                        Harold Clark (VA) in a                                                    John Baldwin (IA), Gayle
! Matt Cate (CA), Executive Director roundtable discussion of                                                     Ray (TN), and Chris Epps
  Thomas Patterson (UT) and Secretary
 Alvin Keller (NC) during SIS Session 4 the issues discussed in                                                   (MS) who discussed
                                        previous sessions. Many                                                   successes that their
expressed the importance of establishing relationships with the                                                   agencies have had in
media through both reporters and editors before the next crisis        !Session 2 Moderator Brad Livingston (TX) reducing population. John
                                                                          introduces panelists John Baldwin (IA),
happens. A.T. Wall pointed out that when dealing with the                  Gayle Ray (TN), & Chris Epps (MS).     Baldwin (IA) discussed his
media they are reporting what the public wants to hear and the                                                    agency’s evidence based
public is schizophrenic about what they want to hear – both             evaluation of programs and ending the programs that don’t
good and bad.                                                           work and expanding successful programs. Gayle Ray (TN)
                                                                        highlighted the new working relationship between the
More photos and links to presentations and presenter reference          Department of Corrections and Department of Probation and
materials are available at      Parole. Chris Epps (MS) talked about the legislative changes
3/pages/32 in the “Past Events - Special Issues Seminar” section.       that have been made to allow better population control.

                                                                                                   Session 3
        2010 All Directors Training Program Summary                                     Politics and Political Strategies

The 2010 All Directors Training (ADT) Program was held at              !                                       Moderated by Justin Jones
the Westin St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco, CA on                                                           (OK), this session featured a
December 3rd and 4th. The two-day program featured eight                                                       discussion of the politics of
sessions including an opening current issues discussion, a                                                     corrections. Moderator Jones
closing roundtable discussion and six sessions addressing a                                                    asked panelists to comment
variety of important topics.                                                                                   on the implications of census
                                                                                                               reduction and privatization/
                         Session 1                                                                             outsourcing of services and
         Current and Emerging Issues in Corrections                                                            involved members in
           & Session 8 – Roundtable Discussion                         Session 3 Facilitator Justin Jones (OK) discussion of strategies to
                                                                         and panelists A,T. Wall (RI), Ray     deal with these and other
                                   These opening and closing           Hobbs (AR) and Roger Werholtz (KS). political issues.
                                   sessions allow members
                                   the opportunity to openly                                       Session 4
                                   discuss topics that are                                     Critical Incidents
                                   prevalent in corrections.
                                   The discussion is used as           !                                       Moderator Gary Maynard
                                   part of the Current Issues                                                  (MD) led panelists in a
                                   Document that is                                                            discussion of critical
                                   developed by ASCA to                                                        incidents their agencies
                                   highlight current issues                                                    have faced, the response
ADT Moderator Brad Livingston (TX) facing corrections. Program                                                 to the incidents and
 introduces Program and Training
                                   and Training Committee                  Facilitator Gary Maynard introduces lessons learned. Ed Buss
Committee Chair and ADT Session 1
                                   Chairman Max Williams                     Session 4 panelists Ed Buss (IN), (IN) highlighted his
  Facilitator Max Williams (OR).
                                   (OR) facilitated ADT                      Eldon Vail (WA), and LaDonna      agency’s response to an

                                                                 Page 6
Special Issues Seminar, continued
escape from Indiana State Prison, Eldon Vail (WA) discussed                                           Session 7
how his agency responded to the media attention resulting                                       Reentry Special Topics
from Parolee Maurice Clemmons killing four police officers,
and LaDonna Thompson discussed how her agency dealt                          !                                       Moderator George
with the 2009 riot at Northpoint Training Center.                                                                    Lombardi led discussion
                                                                                                                     of Reentry topics. Justin
                        Session 5                                                                                    Jones (OK) discussed the
   Major Legal and Legislative Developments Impacting                                                                50% reduction in
                       Corrections                                                                                   recidivism required by
                                                                                                                     Second Chance Act that
                                            Jon Ozmint (SC) led                                                      will require targeting
                                            panelists in a                                                           more of the high-risk
                                            discussion of the status                                                 offenders. Justin
                                                                               Session Facilitator George Lombardi
                                            and implications of                introduces ADT Session 7 panelists   discussed the GPS house
                                            new and pending                   Justin Jones, Mike Ferriter (MT), and arrest program and
                                            legislation and legal                    Harley Lappin (FBOP).          discussion about GPS
                                            issues confronting                                                      technology ensued. Mike
                                            c o r re c t i o n s . C a r l   Ferriter (MT) discussed Montana’s push to use community
                                            Danberg (DE)                     corrections programs that has resulted in 80% of their population
                                            discussed USDOJ                  participating in various community corrections programs. Harley
                                            involvement in the               Lappin highlighted the FBOP’s program of Inmate Sills
!Session 5 Facilitator Jon Ozmint (SC) with agency’s medical                 Development and Offender Workforce Development where the
 panelists Carl Danberg (DE), Eric Schultz program. Other topics             Bureau has standardized its reentry strategy.
       (ACA) and Ari Zavaras (CO).
                                            i n c l u d e d We b b
Commission, Cell Phone (Safe Prisons Communications Act),                    Documents and Presentations from the 2010 All Director
PREA, Public Safety Employer Employee Cooperation Act, and                   Training are available on the ASCA web site at: http://
changes in ADA standards that will impact corrections.             

                         Session 6
        Prisoner Health and Behavioral Health Units:
                     New Approaches
                                                                                   NEWSLETTER PERSONNEL
                                         Moderator Gayle Ray led                         Editors: Camille and George Camp
                                         discussion about two                            Writers: Camille and George Camp,
                                         innovative programs that                           Joe Fenton, and Robert May.
                                         deal with inmates who
                                         present special mental
                                         and medical challenges.
                                         Rick Raemisch (WI)
                                         presented information
                                         about the Behavioral
                                         Health Unit at the
!Moderator Gayle Ray (TN) and Session Waupun Correctional
 6 panelists Dr. Sanjeev Arora (Univ. of
 NM School of Nedicine), Rick Raemisch I n s t i t u t i o n w h e r e
     (WI), and Joe Williams (NM).        changes in mental health
                                         management strategies
have resulted in a reduction in observation placements and
temporary lockups. Dr Arora presented Project ECHO, a
program of cooperative education for corrections and rural                        Association of State Correctional Administrators
medical staff, where video conferencing is used to present                                   213 Court Street, Suite 606
cases of Hepatitis C to the medical staff at the University of                            Middletown, Connecticut 06457
NM for consultation. The program has increased physician                                   p: 860.704.6410 F: 860.704.6420
knowledge of the disease and positive treatment outcomes.                                 

                                                                       Page 7
                                                           New Members Join ASCA
Due to the change in governors during the last election, there        Clements jointed the Missouri Department of Corrections in
is a significant number of new ASCA Members. Below are the            1979. His first job was as a Probation and Parole Officer. He
changes that we were aware of at press time. There are a few          later worked as a Assistant District Supervisor – Division of
additional changes expected. The executive office and current         Probation and Parole; as Regional Administrator – Division
ASCA members warmly welcome these new members.                        of Probation and Parole; as Chief State Supervisor, Acting –
                                                                      Division of Probation and Parole; and as Deputy Director –
                Alabama Gets New Commissioner                         Division of Adult Institutions.

          Robert announced the appointment of Mr. Kim                 In his last position Clements supported safe prison
          Thomas as corrections commissioner. Thomas has been         operations and effective offender rehabilitation and re-entry
          chief legal counsel for the Department of Corrections.      practices and has established safe and constitutionally
                                                                      compliant policy and procedure to guide all aspects of
                                                                      institutional operations. He is an active member of the
    Tom Clements Becomes the Executive Director of the                Missouri Re-entry Process Steering Team created by the
           Colorado Department of Corrections                         Governor of Missouri.

                Gov. John Hickenlooper announced Tom                  Clements earned a bachelor’s degree in sociology from Mid-
                Clements as Executive Director of the                 America Nazarene University and a master’s degree in
                Department of Corrections upon Ari                    public administration from the University of Missouri.
                Zavaras’ retirement. Clements was Director
                of the Division of Adult Institutions for the           Governor-Elect Rick Scott Turns to Reformer Edwin G.
Missouri Department of Corrections. He has more than 31                   Buss to Run Florida’s Department of Corrections
years of professional corrections experience. He assumed the
position on Feb 2, 2011.                                                               Living up to his outsider image and keeping
                                                                                       in line with his plan to reduce wasteful
“Tom Clements has built a distinguished career working                                 spending, Governor Rick Scott turned to a
his up through the ranks in the Missouri corrections                                   fellow Tallahassee outsider with a long and
system,” Hickenlooper said. “He understands parole and                                 successful track record of improving agency
probation programs and has extensive experience with                  operations while simultaneously lowering the burden placed
community corrections. We are pleased he is bringing his              on taxpayers to run the state’s prison system.  
expertise to Colorado.”
                                                                      Governor-elect Scott, who appointed Indiana Department
Clements has been in his current job since                            of Correction Commissioner Edwin G. Buss to head the
September 2007. He directs operations for                             Florida Department of Corrections, said Florida was
M i s s o u r i ’ s 2 1 a d u l t c o r re c t i o n a l              fortunate to land such an experienced reformer who was
institutions and overall management of                                being coveted nationwide.
30,500 incarcerated offenders. He has
served in statewide leadership roles                                  “I am grateful that Ed Buss is coming to Tallahassee to help
within the adult probation and parole                                 me change the way the Department of Corrections does
system and in Missouri’s adult                                        business here in Florida,” said Scott.  “I know he is ready to
correctional institutions system.                                     get-to-work to ensure our prisons operate most efficiently
                                                                      and cost-effectively.”
“With today’s economic challenges, it is more important
than ever that correctional resources be used to produce              Scott specifically highlighted Buss’s impressive
positive and measurable public safety benefits now and                credentials, which include drastically reducing wasteful
into the future,” Clements said. “I look forward to working           spending across his state agency, negotiating the nation’s
with the dedicated Department of Corrections staff, the               lowest medical per diem rate, and leveraging public/
Colorado Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice Commission             private partnerships to deliver heightened services at a
and communities across Colorado to seek new                           fraction of the cost.
opportunities to meet current budget challenges and to
make communities safer.”                                              Scott also noted that Buss, who served as a key member of
                                                                      Governor Mitch Daniels’ cabinet, has proven his ability to
                                                                      successfully analyze an organization’s critical requirements,

                                                                  Page 8
New Members Join ASCA, continued
identify deficiencies and potential opportunities to develop         The Indiana Department of Correction is comprised of 21
innovative and cost-effective solutions to enhance                   adult  facilities, 6 juvenile facilities, 9 parole districts, 74
government’s services.                                               community corrections counties and a central
                                                                     administrative office. DOC  employs 7,800 people across
Scott noted that under Buss’s leadership, Indiana found a            the state and has 28,000 offenders currently incarcerated in
way to house 40 percent more inmates without additional              its facilities. Lemmon’s appointment is effective January 17.
construction and at a dramatically lower cost per inmate.
Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels also congratulated                                   Ray Roberts was Appointed
Governor Rick Scott for his selection of Ed Buss to run                            Kansas Secretary of Corrections
Florida’s prison system.
                                                                                      Ray Roberts was appointed
“Given the transformation and pro-taxpayer improvements of                            Secretary of Kansas
the last few years, it was inevitable that other states would                         Department of Corrections by
come after top talent like Ed Buss.  He was actively pursued         Governor Sam Brownback effective January 21,
by several new governors. Congratulations to Governor Scott          2011. Secretary Roberts was formerly the
for winning the sweepstakes," said Governor Daniels.                 warden of El Dorado Correctional Facility, a
                                                                     position he had held since 2003. He began his
Buss brings to Florida nearly twenty-four years of hands-on          career as a correctional officer at the
experience in corrections, emergency response, public safety,        Mississippi State Penitentiary in 1975. Since then he has served
supervision and budgeting.   As Commissioner of the Indiana          as a correctional counselor, staff development coordinator,
Department of Corrections and a key member of Governor Mitch         deputy warden, director of faith-based ministry, warden of five
Daniels’ cabinet, Buss was responsible for over 7,500 employees,     correctional facilities and deputy secretary of facility
26,000 inmates, 10,000 parolees throughout the state’s corrections   management. He joined the Kansas Department of Corrections
facilities.   Prior to serving as Commissioner, Buss served as       as the deputy warden of operations at Lansing Correctional
Superintendent of two Indiana prisons where he refined Death         Facility in 1988. Mr. Roberts earned his bachelor’s degree in
Row and execution procedures, implemented accountability metrics     criminal justice from the University of Southern Mississippi in
and implemented a safe prison initiative.  Throughout his career,    Hattiesburg, Miss., and his Masters of Education degree in
Buss has been successful in implementing innovative policies that    counseling and guidance from Delta State University in
improve operations while reducing wasteful spending.                 Cleveland, Mississippi.

            Governor Names New Leader for the                                       Luis Spencer Named Acting
             Indiana Department of Correction                                      Commissioner in Massachusetts

          Governor Mitch Daniels  was appointed Bruce                            Secretary Heffernan of the Executive Office of
          Lemmon to serve as Commissioner of the  Indiana                        Public Safety & Security (EOPSS)  has appointed
          Department of Correction (DOC), effective January                      Luis Spencer to the role of Acting Commissioner,
          17, 2011.  Lemmon has served in various capacities         effective January 14, 2011. Mr. Spencer has been with the
within DOC since 1976.  He was most recently the                     Department over 30 years. In that time he worked his way
superintendent of the Putnamville Correctional  Facility in          up through the ranks, starting his career as a Correctional
Greencastle and held the same position at the Wabash Valley          Officer along the way honing his skills, demonstrating good
Correctional Facility in Carlisle. He has served as                  judgment, strong effective leadership and loyalty to the
interim  DOC Commissioner on two occasions and held a                Department and its mission. 
number of  leadership positions within the department
during his 35-year career. He is a certified correctional                                Executive Office of Public Safety and Security
executive and a member of the  American Correctional
Association. Prior to joining DOC, he served in the United                           Richard “Dick” McKeon
States Army and was honorably discharged as a Specialist 5.                       Named Interim Michigan Director
He earned a bachelor’s degree from Indiana State
University.  “Indiana’s corrections system is now nationally                         Governor Rick Snyder appointed Richard M.
recognized, so Bruce has a tall order to continue improving                          McKeon as Director of the Michigan
it. But he’s been a big part of the turnaround and has proven                        Department of Corrections, effective January 3,
himself ready for the job,” Daniels said.                                            2011. while a national search is conducted for a
                                                                                     permanent Director. McKeon, who served on

                                                               Page 9
New Members Join ASCA, continued
the Governor's Corrections Transition Team, retired in 2003 as        returned to the Arrowhead Region and began a career in
the Director's chief of staff. In announcing the appointment,         probation and parole in Duluth as a pre-trial officer and in
Governor Snyder said, "Dick McKeon is an outstanding                  Carlton County, as an adult and juvenile officer and
individual whose expertise and institutional knowledge will be        supervisor. In 1994 he was promoted to Chief Probation
a great asset as we look for efficiencies in the corrections system   Officer for the five Arrowhead counties and in 2002 he took
while providing safety and security to our citizens.” Director        over as Executive Director for Arrowhead Regional
McKeon holds a master's degree in social work from Wayne              Corrections. In addition to his work as a corrections
State University and a bachelor's degree from Western                 administrator he has had involvement in numerous state
Michigan University. McKeon worked for the Department from            and national initiatives and work groups, including: the
1981 until 2003, serving as an adviser and chief of staff to six      American Probation and Parole Association as a Regional
corrections directors including Director Caruso at the                Representative and where he served on the Executive Board
beginning of her tenure.                                              from 2007-2009. He currently is the chair of the Minnesota
                                                                      Interstate Compact Advisory Council, which oversees the
  Governor Dayton Selects Experienced Professionals to                movement of convicted offenders to and from Minnesota. 
       Lead Minnesota Corrections Department                            
                                                                               Greg Cox Named Nevada Interim Director
              Governor Mark Dayton named Thomas Roy to
               lead the Department of Corrections, effective                      Greg Cox has been named the Interim Director of
              January 31, 2011.  Roy has spent his career in                      the Nevada DOC, effective January 4, 2011, until a
              corrections, working with offenders, victims                        permanent appointment is made by Governor
              and communities.  He most recently served as                        Brian Sandoval. Greg was recently the Deputy
              Director of Arrowhead Regional Corrections,                         Director for Operations in the Southern Region.
serving five Northern Minnesota counties.  
                                                                      James Greg Cox began his correctional
“Tom Roy brings extensive experience in corrections and a             career in November of 1981 as a
proven commitment to protecting citizens and                          Correctional Officer for the Illinois
communities from offenders to this critically important               Department of Corrections. He received
responsibility,” said Governor Dayton. “My new                        his Bachelors degree in Political Science
Commissioners of Corrections, Mr. Roy, and of Public                  from Southern Illinois University at
Safety, Chief Dohman, and I will work closely together                Carbondale, where he was awarded
with law enforcement officers, prison personnel, and local            Dean’s List, in May of 1981.
public safety officials to do everything possible to assure
the safety of the people of Minnesota.”                               During his career with the Illinois Department of
                                                                      Corrections, he was assigned to the Logan Correctional
“I am honored to be selected by Governor Dayton to lead               Center, the Lincoln Correctional Center, the Pontiac
this important agency,” said Roy.  “I take nothing more               Correctional Center, and the Springfield Work Camp. During
seriously than the charge of keeping the public, our staff            his twenty-two years there, he held the positions of
in our communities and facilities, and our offenders safe             Correctional Officer, Correctional Lieutenant, Correctional
and secure. Many believe justice is completed after there is          Captain, Major, Assistant Warden and he became a Warden
a finding of guilt.   However, the real task begins in the            in 1998. He retired from the Illinois system on June 30, 2003.
effort to make offenders more productive citizens and
successfully return them to the community.”                           In December, 2003 Director Cox joined our Department as the
                                                                      Warden of Southern Desert Correctional Center. He became
Minnesota’s Department of Corrections is responsible for              the Warden of High Desert State Prison on August 23, 2004.
thousands of inmates at ten adult and juvenile corrections
facilities statewide. The Department is also responsible for          In October of 2004, Director Cox was selected to be the new
core corrections functions, including probation,                      Assistant Director of Operations, effective January 1, 2005.
supervised release and parole. Roy will replace Acting
Commissioner Christine Bray.                                          Since that promotion he has implemented numerous facility
                                                                      enhancement programs and reporting systems for Nevada
Roy is a native of Northern Minnesota and a 1974 graduate             Wardens and their management teams. He strives for continuous
of the University of Minnesota-Minneapolis where he                   improvement and encourages his staff to “think outside the box”
received a B.A. in Political Science. Upon graduation he              and is always open to new ideas and suggestions.

                                                               Page 10
New Members Join ASCA, continued
Director Cox also has experience in the following areas:               Justice, where he chaired the investigation and wrote the
Media Coordinator, Liaison to the Illinois Emergency                   report following the 1993 Southern Ohio Correctional
Management Agency, Liaison to the Nevada Statewide                     Facility riot in Lucasville.
Evacuation Taskforce, Legislative presentations, and the
administrator of a $31 million budget.                                 Most recently, Mohr has provided leadership to the
                                                                       Corrections Corporation of America, which designs, builds,
Furthermore, Director Cox is a member of the American                  manages and operates federal, state and local correctional
Correctional Association, the Correctional Peace Officers              facilities across the country.
Foundation, and the National Major Gangs Taskforce.
                                                                       He succeeds Ernie Moore who has been Director for the past
Additionally he has received Specialized Training from both the        year. Ernie sent a  video memo to staff about the
National Institute of Corrections and the Correctional                 announcement which  can be viewed on the Department's
Management Institute of Texas in Emergency Preparedness:               website at 
Incident Command System for Corrections. He also attends the
National Institute of Corrections Executive Forum for Deputy                               John Wetzel Named
Directors every year and has received training from the                          Secretary of Corrections in Pennsylvania
American Correctional Association. Director Cox is a proponent
of additional education and training for staff of all levels.                       Governor Tom Corbett named John Wetzel, 41,
                                                                                    of  Chambersburg,  Franklin  County, as
              Lupe Martinez Marshall to Lead                                        Secretary of Corrections, effective January 18,
            New Mexico Corrections Department                          2011. Corbett said that Wetzel began his career in
                                                                       corrections as a prison guard in 1989 and has worked his
             On January 1, Lupe Martinez                               way up in his profession. He has been the warden at
             Marshall became head of the                               Franklin County Jail since 2002.
             New Mexico Corrections
             Department. Ms. Marshall is                                 “John Wetzel has shown to have just the kind of experience we
             a career corrections person                               need right now in  Pennsylvania,” Corbett said. “He successfully
who began her career as a Classification                               managed the finances at Franklin County Jail, keeping
Officer in the New Mexico Corrections                                  expenditures below their budget despite operating a facility that
Department, rising through the ranks to be                             was running at 175 percent capacity.”
the Warden at the Roswell Correctional Center, and most
recently as the Warden of the Western New Mexico                       Wetzel is a member of the Pennsylvania Board of Pardons. 
Correctional Facility in Grants.                                       He was appointed by Governor Rendell in 2007 and serves
                                                                       as the board’s corrections expert.
  Gary Mohr Named Director of the Ohio Department of
            Rehabilitations and Corrections                            Corbett said that as Secretary, Wetzel will be in charge of the
                                                                       overall management and operation of the Department of
          Governor John Kasich appointed Gary Mohr as                  Corrections, to ensure the safe, humane incarceration of
          D i r e c t o r o f t h e O h i o  D e p a r t m e n t o f   adult offenders in Pennsylvania.
          Rehabilitations and Corrections (ODR&C),
          effective January 10, 2011. Gary Mohr has more               Wetzel is a graduate of Bloomsburg University and has been
than 36 years of experience and leadership in both the                 married for 12 years and has four daughters.
public and private corrections systems. Having served
twice previously as a Deputy Director for the ODR&C                                   Juvenile Justice Chief Picked to
under two different administrations, Mohr has a deep                                    Run South Carolina Prisons
institutional understanding of the Department.
                                                                                  South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley picked current
He has experience inside Ohio’s corrections facilities as                         Department of Juvenile Justice director Bill Byars
well, serving as Warden in Chillicothe Correctional                               to run the state's prisons, effective January 12,
Institution, Ross Correctional Institution, and the                               2011. Byars, is a former Family Court judge.
Corrections Reception Center. Mohr also served as the
Superintendent of the Ohio Department of Youth Services                Byars replaces Corrections Director Jon Ozmint, who led
and as Director of the Ohio Governor’s Office of Criminal              the agency since January 2003. Ozmint said in a statement

                                                                Page 11
New Members Join ASCA, continued
to his staff, "I move on with mixed emotions; I will miss       Haley said. "That's what I think this team is going to be able
the dedicated employees who have given our state a              to do is bring that number down."
prison system that is second to none, at the lowest cost in
the nation," Ozmint said. He said the agency is in good             Derrick Schofield Named Tennessee Commissioner
hands with Byars.
                                                                                 Tennessee Governor Bill Haslam names
"He is a smart, compassionate and effective leader and he                       Derrick Schofield to be Commissioner of
will serve this agency well," Ozmint said.                                      the Tennessee Department of Correction,
                                                                effective January 15, 2011.  He was most recently the
Haley noted Byars turned the Department of Juvenile Justice     Assistant Commissioner and Chief of Staff of the Georgia
into a model, reforming it from an agency that in 2003 was      Department of Corrections and will begin work in
enmeshed in a 1995 federal lawsuit and regular part of news     Tennessee on January 15th. Schofield is a native Georgian
stories about abuse and neglect. "And he has made it one of     and received a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from
the biggest success stories in the country," Haley said.        Fort Valley State University. He then spent eight years
                                                                with the U.S. Army and reached the rank of Captain. He
"This is a man that is known as Mr. Fix-it. And we are          also has a master’s degree in Public Administration from
sending Mr. Fix-it to the Department of Corrections," Haley     Georgia’s Law Enforcement Command College and
said, calling on him to do more to rehabilitate inmates and     Columbus State University.
reduce recidivism. "We are changing the culture of
corrections and we want a success story now coming out of       Governor Haslam's Announcement follows.
the Department of Corrections."
                                                                “I’m incredibly pleased that someone of Derrick’s talent has agreed
She wants a greater emphasis on rehabilitation to keep          to be a part of my team,” Haslam said. “Housing and rehabilitating
people from returning to prisons. "But also, if we don't give   our state prisoners is an enormous responsibility, and I believe
them a work skill, if we don't teach them what they can do,     Derrick is the right man for this important job.”
they're going to go out and do the exact same thing that
brought them in the first place," Haley said.                   Schofield was named Georgia Assistant Commissioner of
                                                                Corrections in 2009 and has 19 years total experience in the field
Barber has been Byars' chief of staff since 2007. She "is a     working his way up and gaining more and more responsibility in
strong lady that understands that success comes from            Georgia Corrections as his career progressed.
thinking outside the box," Haley said. She expects Barber        
and Byars will continue to work together.                       “I’m honored and humbled to come to the great state of Tennessee
                                                                and to serve with Gov. Haslam,” Schofield said. “I look forward to
Both agencies have had budget problems and have run             having a long-term relationship with the department and with
deficits during the past few years. For instance, the           Tennesseans.”
Corrections Department is asking the state's financial           
oversight board to allow it to operate with a $7.5 million                 Gary Hamblin to lead Wisconsin DOC
shortfall in the current fiscal year.
                                                                             Wisconsin Governor Walker announced the
Byars said he hopes the state prisons agency will be merged                  leadership team that will help achieve the
with the state parole and probation agency.                                  goal  of ensuring Wisconsin has a business
                                                                             climate that allows the private sector to create
"I believe when you do that, you open up all kinds vistas for                250,000 new jobs by 2015.
things to do that can better protect the public in South
Carolina by working on recidivism rates," Byars said.           “I am excited that these top notch individuals have agreed to
                                                                serve the State of Wisconsin as members  of my cabinet,”
Barber said dealing with her agency's financial problems will   said Walker. “This diverse group will join me in public
include moving more offenders into community-based              service to help reshape  government so that our state can
programs and out of facilities surrounded by razor wire.        efficiently provide the basic level of core government
                                                                services taxpayers expect and deserve.”
The state prison system has one of the nation's lowest
operating costs per inmate. "I want us to be able to feed       The new Secretary of the Department of Corrections, effective
inmates for less, but I want less inmates in the process,"      January 3, 2011, Gary Hamblin, served as a professional law

                                                         Page 12
New Members Join ASCA, continued
enforcement  officer for 39 years starting by serving for the
Sawyer Co Sheriff's Department, the Dane County Sheriff
from 1997 to 2006, and as administrator of the Division of Law             2011 NIJ Conference Scholarships Available
Enforcement Services with the state  Department of Justice
under Attorney General J.B. Van Hollen.                              NIJ is offering a small amount of need-based
                                                                     scholarships to attend the 2011 NIJ Conference. The
Mr. Hamblin said, “I am thrilled to be working with Wisconsin’s      conference itself is free; the scholarships cover
professional correctional officers who have a long-                  accommodations at the conference hotel and provide a
standing  tradition of exceptional public service. While budgetary   $150 per diem.
challenges certainly lie ahead, I believe that the  Department of
Corrections can be part of the solution by finding efficiencies      Criteria: You must be a public or non-profit sector, criminal
working together with  correctional workers to provide the core      justice researcher or practitioner in one of the following areas:
government service of protecting all Wisconsin citizens.”
                                                                        • Corrections
                                                                        • Courts
              RAND Corporation Kicks Off                                • Crime prevention
         Federal Project on Correctional Education                      • Forensics
                                                                        • Law enforcement
 The Second Chance Act has identified correctional education            • Science and technology
 as a high priority area for research. As part of the Act, the          • Victim advocacy
 Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice,
 recently awarded the RAND Corporation—a nationally                  Current NIJ grantees and past scholarship winners are
 recognized nonprofit, public policy think tank—with a two-          not eligible.
 year grant to examine educational methods for incarcerated
 adults and juveniles, and to provide and widely                     Application process:
 disseminate information on promising and innovative
 practices in correctional education. The U.S. Department of            1. Write up to 200 words telling NIJ how you
 Education and the National Reentry Resource Center have                   expect the conference to benefit your
 also committed to working closely with this project. For this             organization's mission.
 project, RAND will be working with the Correctional                    2. Ask your supervisor to write a letter
 Education Association (CEA)—a non-profit professional                     approving your attendance.
 association serving educators and administrators who                   3. The letter must be submitted on your
 provide services to students in correctional settings on the              organization's letterhead.
 project. Drs. Lois Davis and Robert Bozick of RAND will                4. The letter must affirm that your organization's
 present an overview of this landmark study at the January                 travel funds are limited.
 27, 2011 ASCA meeting and discuss plans to obtain input                5. E m a i l t h e r e q u i r e d d o c u m e n t s t o
 from state correctional education adult and juvenile             or fax it to 301–519–
 directors as a first step in this effort.                                 5212 no later than 5:00 pm Eastern time on
                                                                           Friday, March 18, 2011.
 For more information about the study, please contact Dr.
 Lois Davis (, tel. 310-393-0411. For               Amount of scholarship:
 information about this project or related efforts, contact:         You will receive hotel accommodations for three nights
                                                                     and a modified per diem of $150. You must provide your
                        Gary Dennis                                  own travel to and from the conference.
            Senior Policy Advisor for Corrections
               BJA (                           Deadline: March 18, 2011
                      tel. 202-305-9059

    Visit the Reentry Resource Center website for reentry                             See ASCA's Current Issues Document at 
        information, events, funding opportunities at:                     

                                                              Page 13
Evidence Integration Initiative:
Research at Work                                                         evidence-based information on policies, programs,
                                                                         and practices across the fields of criminal justice,
At the Office of Justice Programs
                                                                         juvenile justice, and victim services.
(OJP), we strive to make science an
integral part of criminal justice. We
                                                                   To see video message, go to:
realize that we can accomplish this
goal only by partnering with — and
listening to — state and local
practitioners and policymakers.
                                                                   N-DEx Program Office Hosts
Ultimately, it is our responsibility to                            Corrections Summit
make sure the research we support
and provide to the field is reliable,                              A mission-critical need of both the corrections and law
accessible, and applicable — that it                               enforcement communities is the ability to share more
can be used in the real world.            AAG Laurie O. Robinson   criminal justice lifecycle data, including institutional and
                                                                   community corrections data, on a nationwide scale. A major
OJP launched the Evidence Integration Initiative (E2I) to          impediment to this has generally been the means by which to
support justice practitioners and policymakers by providing        facilitate that information sharing.
better tools and information to help them understand, access,
and integrate evidence into the decisions that they make.          In an effort to increase information sharing throughout the
Within OJP, E2I provides a mechanism for coordinating              criminal justice lifecycle, the National Data Exchange (N-DEx)
activities across OJP offices and bureaus that support             Program Office (PO) is reaching out to the corrections
research, evaluation, programs, and training, without              community to facilitate information sharing between law
sacrificing or neglecting ongoing innovation.                      enforcement and corrections/community corrections agencies.

The recent confirmations of respected social scientists Dr. Jim    To that end, the N-DEx PO and its supporting corrections
Lynch and Dr. John Laub as Directors in the Bureau of Justice      partners (the American Probation and Parole Association, the
Statistics (BJS) and the National Institute of Justice (NIJ)       Association of State Corrections Administrators, the
reflect the priority that the administration has placed on         Corrections Technology Association (CTA), and the Interstate
advancing science and integrating evidence into practice.          Commission for Adult Offender Supervision) gathered for a
                                                                   Corrections Summit on November 4, 2010, at the Criminal
Some recent highlights of E2I efforts include the following:       Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division with subject matter
                                                                   experts (SME) from corrections/community corrections
  • To improve the quantity and quality of evidence that           agencies to exchange vital insight and expertise on how N-DEx
    OJP generates, the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)          can be expanded to represent more of the criminal justice
    and NIJ coordinated to fund evaluations of Second              lifecycle and bridge the information sharing gap.
    Chance Act Demonstration grantees. NIJ will also
    launch and evaluate a Demonstration Field                      ASCA was well represented at the Summit. ASCA
    Experiment using an experimental research design.              representatives included one member (Howard Skolnik (NV)
  • Two Evidence Integration Teams are assembling and              and twenty staff members selected from 13 states and the
    synthesizing a broad range of evidence relating to             federal bureau of prisons were in attendance.
    gangs and children exposed to violence to inform
    decision making at the federal, state, local, and tribal       The group gathered at the summit discussed the overall benefits
    levels regarding strategies, programs, and practices.          of the corrections community’s contribution to N-DEx. The
    Participation in these teams also serves a valuable            group agreed that their data could benefit those in law
    internal purpose for OJP personnel by expanding our            enforcement through submission of data to N-DEx including
    own capacity to apply evaluation and research                  information such as correction/probation officer contact
    findings. The results of these efforts will be                 information, visitor/family/associate information, disciplinary
    disseminated in various ways, including being posted           actions, violation behavior history, and gang affiliations.
    on the Crime Solution Resource Center Web site.
  • The Crime Solutions Resource Center Web site will              Likewise the group agreed that law enforcement data shared
    be a centerpiece of OJP’s efforts to improve the               in N-DEx can prove vital to correction officer safety when
    translation of evidence into practice. With its                dealing with inmates or other persons in the corrections
    projected launch in summer 2011, practitioners and             system. The corrections community is especially interested in
    policymakers will have a single, credible source for           learning about contact supervised persons may have with law
                                                                   enforcement that does not lead to an arrest. Representatives at

                                                               Page 14
N-DEx Program,                 continued                            President Obama Nominated Denise
the Summit emphasized that this information is generally            O’Donnell to be Director of BJA
difficult to obtain and could show where a supervised person
is in violation of the terms of their supervised release, which     Denise E. O’Donnell recently served as New York State
could lead to re-incarceration. In the same vein, the corrections   Deputy Secretary for Public Safety, where she oversaw 11
community believes that timely updates of law enforcement           homeland security and criminal justice agencies with a
information in N-DEx could reveal negative law enforcement          combined annual budget of $4.7 billion.  From 2007 to 2010,
contact where violations of release conditions are revealed and     Ms. O’Donnell served as Commissioner of the New York
release therefore revoked.                                          State Division of Criminal Justice Services, where she
                                                                    managed several crime reduction efforts, including the
However, the SMEs acknowledged concerns from both the               collection and analysis of crime data, criminal background
law enforcement and corrections communities regarding               investigations, juvenile justice, and the administration of
access to each other’s data. The consensus was that the             state and federal criminal justice grants. Prior to her
benefits described above, both to the public and criminal           appointment, Ms. O’Donnell was a litigation partner at
justice personnel, outweighed the risk associated with              Hodgson Russ, LLP.  During the Clinton Administration, she
sharing the data. As Herzog notes in his blog post, “The N-         was appointed as United States Attorney for the Western
DEx system has been designed with data security in mind             District of New York (1997-2001).  Ms. O’Donnell joined the
and seems to recognize these concerns.”                             U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Western District in 1985 as a
                                                                    prosecutor and was later promoted to First Assistant U.S.
The group also discussed a variety of issues pertaining to          Attorney in 1993.  Earlier in her career, she served as a law
future N-DEx capabilities and the associated cost of                clerk to the late Justice M. Dolores Denman of the New York
becoming N-DEx participants.                                        Appellate Division, Fourth Department.   Ms. O’Donnell is
                                                                    currently active on various legal and professional
Cost: Most SMEs agreed that although some set-up costs              organizations, including the New York State Justice Task
may be associated with the data-mapping to N-DEx, it was            Force, the Criminal Justice Council of the New York City Bar
agreed that cost was not an obstacle to participation. The N-       Association, and the Criminal Justice Section of the New
DEx PO strongly recommended that agencies tap into federal          York State Bar Association.   She has lectured at the SUNY
grant sources and leverage the corrections community to             Buffalo School of Law and with the U.S. Department of
encourage records management system service providers to            Justice, Office of Legal Education.   Ms. O’Donnell holds a
make N-DEx compatibility a standard part of their products.         B.A. from Canisius College and an M.S.W and J.D., summa
                                                                    cum laude, from the State University of New York at Buffalo.
Batch Query Capability: This is a need for both the corrections
and law enforcement communities. To that end, the N-DEx PO
has formed a Batch Query Working Group and is currently             Rhode Island a Model for HIV/Aids
developing requirements for a batch query capability. A
standalone batch query capability was developed and                 Testing & Treatment in Prisons
successfully tested in Texas. This capability has been submitted
for development after N-DEx Increment 3 is deployed.                Over the past 20 years, as prison populations have
                                                                    skyrocketed due to society’s failure to adequately treat
Batch Notifications: The group asked if the N-DEx PO could          addiction and mental illness in the community, a
research/develop a capability for NDEx to send batch                tremendous opportunity has been presented to researchers
notifications when law enforcement has contact with a               and physicians to improve public health. In Rhode Island,
parolee. This includes both contact that does and does not          Brown researchers, the Miriam Hospital, the Center for
result in an arrest so probation/parole officers can determine      Prisoner Health and Human Rights, and the RIDOC have
if conditions of release are being violated.                        capitalized on this opportunity.

Kent County Michigan Sheriff Larry Stelma of the CJIS               “It is a tremendous testimony to what we have achieved,”
Advisory Policy Board put information sharing within the            says Josiah Rich, M.D., “that three of the 12 newly
complete criminal justice lifecycle into perspective by             awarded National Institute of Health grants aimed at
stating, “The benefit of N-DEx is not from the data you get,        improving HIV prevention and treatment of prison and
but rather in the data that you give,” pointing out that by         jail inmates have been awarded to The Miriam Hospital
allowing other departments to leverage his agency’s                 for this collaborative work.” Rich calls the grants, “the
information, they can contribute to solving and preventing          first major push by the NIH to study HIV in the
crime in his area of responsibility.                                corrections setting.”

                                                             Page 15
Rhode Island a Model,                      continued
The awards are part of Seek, Test, and Treat: Addressing            settings, for use within jails and prisons. The newly adapted
HIV in the Criminal Justice System – the NIH’s largest              tools will include additional content relevant and specific to
initiative to date to aggressively identify and treat HIV-          inmates, including hepatitis C (HCV) infection and
positive inmates, parolees, and probationers and help them          maintaining HIV treatment in the community following
continue care when they return to their home communities.           release, as well as text messaging capabilities. As part of the
                                                                    study, researchers will assess the feasibility and accessibility
There are currently approximately 1.1 million people in the         of these new tools among jail detainees in Rhode Island and
U.S. who are infected with HIV. Approximately 56,000 new            Washington, DC, and will analyze their cost effectiveness.
infections are reported annually. An estimated one in seven
people infected with HIV annually passes through a                  The grants were primarily awarded by the National Institute
correctional facility (prison or jail) suggesting that there is a   on Drug Abuse (NIDA), with additional support for
disproportionate number of HIV-positive people in the               Beckwith’s study provided by the National Institute of Allergy
criminal justice system.                                            and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). “The Miriam Hospital and
                                                                    our partners are proud to lend our collective expertise to this
The grants will fund three projects: A randomized controlled        important initiative. Having the support of the NIH will go a
trial and cohort study of HIV testing: Clearly there is a link      long way toward our shared goal of improving HIV care and
between incarcerated individuals and HIV, but less is known         treatment in correctional facilities and ensuring HIV
about HIV high risk behaviors for those on probation and            interventions continue after individuals are released from
parole. In this case study, probationers and parolees from          prison,” says Timothy Flanigan, M.D., Director of Infectious
Providence and Baltimore, Md., will randomly receive HIV            Diseases at Rhode Island and The Miriam Hospitals. Flanigan,
testing either at the Probation/ Parole Office or rapid HIV         Rich and Beckwith are also on the faculty of The Warren Alpert
testing at a community center. In a separate cohort study, all      Medical School of Brown University.
individuals with HIV identified at Community Corrections
will be offered enrollment into a 1-year intervention study to
help improve the connection to HIV care. Dr. Rich is co-            New “Point of Service” Program Will
principal investigator of this study.
                                                                    Focus on HIV Testing and Treatment
Improving linkages to HIC Care Following Release form               for Inmates at Rikers Island
Incarceration: Led by Rich and co-principal investigator Liza
Solomon, Ph.D. from ABT Associates, will focus on                   A new pilot program at Rikers Island jail in New York, called
improving the link between HIV-positive inmates and HIV             the “Point of Service” (POS) program, will attempt to
care following release from incarceration. The new Ryan             increase the number of inmates who know their HIV status
White HIV/AIDS Program data set will be linked to                   so they can initiate treatment if they test positive.
corrections release data and then applied across many states,
correctional jurisdictions and care environments.                   “The goal of the program is to increase the number of
                                                                    people who know their HIV status while in jail so that they
The goal is to better understand the elements influencing an        can take advantage of treatment, medications, and
inmate’s linkage to HIV care in the community in order to           discharge planning, including connection to care upon
improve systems and future interventions. CARE                      release,” said Alison Jordan, Executive Director of
Corrections: Technology for Jail HIV/HCV Testing, Linkage           Transitional Health Care Coordination in New York City’s
and Care: Jails and correctional facilities provide a unique        Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH), in
opportunity to offer HIV testing and treatment to a high-risk       correspondence with The AIDS Beacon.
population. Since length of stay is often very short, however,
HIV screening and intervention need to be conducted both            “The Rikers Island initiative is important because people
efficiently and cost effectively.                                   incarcerated in New York City jails have a significantly
                                                                    higher HIV prevalence rate than the general population,
In this study, co-principal investigator Curt Beckwith, M.D.,       though many people do not know their HIV status,” added
an infectious disease specialist at The Miriam Hospital, and        Nancy Mahon, Global Executive Director of the MAC AIDS
colleagues at George Washington University and New York             Fund, which will help sponsor the project.
University will modify two interactive health
communications tools, known as CARE and CARE+, which                The hope is that HIV testing will allow inmates who test
provide counseling and consent for rapid HIV testing in             positive to start treatment at an earlier stage of the disease,
both clinical community                                             which research has shown leads to better health outcomes
                                                                    (see related AIDS Beacon news).

                                                             Page 16
“Point of Service” Program,                          continued
HIV-positive inmates at Rikers Island have access to medical       “If you are arrested and brought into New York City jails,
treatment and antiretroviral medications. After release,           including Rikers Island, and know you are HIV positive,
DOHMH, which oversees the jail’s medical clinics, also             please tell your doctor or nurse in jail right away. There’s
provides discharge planning services that allow access to          help and we can make sure you get your medication right
health care, housing, substance abuse treatment, mental            away,” she said.
health treatment, and social services.
                                                                   Funding for the POS program will be provided in part by the
However, to take advantage of these services, DOHMH                MAC AIDS Fund and the Elton John AIDS Foundation.
must know an inmate’s status. Although HIV testing is
routinely offered to inmates when they enter a New York            For more information on the POS Program, please see the
City jail, about two thirds of inmates reject this initial offer   Fund for Public Health New York website. For more
of HIV testing.                                                    information on HIV/AIDS services in New York City, please
                                                                   see the DOHMH website.
The new POS program will provide a second offer of HIV
testing to inmates who reject their first offer during their                                   Meerat Oza and Courtney McQueen
initial admission to Rikers Island.

“While intake is the recommended time to test, people who          ASCA President and Michigan
come into jail are tired and this is a difficult time to address
knowing your HIV status,” said Jordan.
                                                                   Director Patricia Caruso Retires
                                                                                          On Friday, December 10, Director
“Offering the test coupled with a health education session –                              Patricia L. Caruso received news she
after a couple of days have passed and the incarcerated                                   would not be appointed to the new
person had a chance to get adjusted to the setting and                                    cabinet when Governor-Elect Rick
circumstances – is leading to promising improvements in the                               Snyder takes office on January 1, 2011.
acceptance rate,” she added.                                                              Recently recognized as the nation’s
                                                                                          best correctional administrator, Caruso
The tests are performed in interview rooms and private areas                              steps down after nearly eight years as
outside of the jail’s regular health clinic to increase privacy.                          Director, and 25 years with the
DOHMH states that it is required by law not to share the                                  Department. A replacement has not yet
information with anyone, including the Department of                                      been named. Director Caruso
Corrections, unless a person gives consent.                        understands the transition process well and wasn’t surprised
                                                                   by the news. Each new Governor typically chooses new
Those who test positive will be offered educational                cabinet members. Director Caruso has offered to assist in
opportunities concerning treatment options, risk reduction,        whatever capacity she can to ensure the new Director is
and strategies for maintaining medication adherence.               prepared to assume leadership duties.

Rikers Island was chosen for the project because of the large      Director Caruso expressed the importance of fully supporting
percentage of its 14,000 inmates that are HIV positive. About      the new administration and continuing our duties to ensure
5 percent of the inmates entering Rikers know they are HIV         public safety and offender success. Each employee in the
positive, but hundreds remain undiagnosed under the                Department has an obligation to meet the mission every day,
current system. With the pilot project, Jordan reports that        and though the administration may change, the importance
about two thirds of inmates who initially refuse HIV testing       of our mission does not. She expects the transition to focus on
are accepting a second test offer.                                 the positive aspects of departmental operations and
                                                                   improvement that will keep Michigan a national leader.
“People who know their HIV status can take measures to
stay healthier and are more likely to protect themselves and       During her career, Director Caruso has served as an Assistant
others. We know that people who test positive can get into         Business Manager, Business Manager, Warden, Regional
care earlier, and live longer and healthier lives,” said Jordan.   Prison Administrator, Deputy Director for Correctional
                                                                   Facilities Administration, and Director. She is well regarded
Jordan noted that for people who already have HIV,                 in correctional circles nationally, having served as the
DOHMH wants to emphasize that those living in jail have            President of the North American Association of Wardens and
access to medications and HIV care.                                Superintendents, and as the President of the Association of
                                                                   State Correctional Administrators and Vice President of the

                                                            Page 17
Director Caruso Retires,                      continued
American Correctional Association. Reflecting on her tenure      Departments of Education Secretary Arne Duncan; Health
as Director, she said that she was fortunate to rise through     and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius;
the ranks at a time when women had opportunities to              Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack; Interior Secretary Ken
compete and promote. She is proud of her time as Director        Salazar; Housing and Urban Development Secretary
and said nobody could do this job facing the challenges the      Shaun Donovan; Labor Secretary Hilda Solis; and
Department has faced without the wonderful, hardworking          Veterans Affairs Secretary Eric Shinseki. Members also
people who serve each day. Establishing re-entry as the “new     include Commissioner of the Social Security
way of doing business” in the Department will be a lasting       Administration, Michael Astrue; Director of the Office of
legacy that impacts not only Michigan’s corrections system,      National Drug Control Policy, R. Gil Kerlikowske;
but communities and citizens throughout Michigan. As her         Director of the White House Domestic Policy Council,
final days approach, Director Caruso would like to thank         Melody Barnes; Executive Director of the White House
everyone who has helped make a difference in her career          Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships,
throughout the years. She is appreciative of the support,        Joshua DuBois; and Chair of the U.S. Equal Employment
caring and effort of Department employees and their              Opportunity Commission, Jacqueline Berrien.
community partners. Caruso recently reflected on what it
meant to serve as Director for the past 7 1/2 years. She said,   The council will address short-term and long-term goals
“I am proud to work with such a great group of professionals     through enhanced communication, coordination and
who have made a tremendous impact on corrections and I           collaboration across federal agencies. The mission of the
will never again be part of something as professionally          council is threefold: to make communities safer by
significant as being Director of the Michigan Department of      reducing recidivism and victimization; to assist those
Corrections. The brave men and women of this Department          returning from prison and jail in becoming productive, tax
have my sincere gratitude and admiration.”                       paying citizens; and to save taxpayer dollars by lowering
                                                                 the direct and collateral costs of incarceration. “Reentry
                                                                 provides a major opportunity to reduce recidivism, save
            AG Holder Convenes Cabinet-Level                     taxpayer dollars and make our communities safer,” said
              Officials for Reentry Council                      Attorney General Holder. “More than two million people
                                                                 are behind bars, and 95 percent of them will be released
  Attorney General Eric Holder convened the inaugural            back into their communities. By developing effective,
  meeting of the Cabinet-level "Reentry Council" in              evidence-based reentry programs, we can improve public
  Washington to identify and to advance effective public         safety and community well-being.”
  safety and prisoner reentry strategies. (Photo credit: U.S.
  Department of Justice)                                         Among its goals, the Reentry Council will meet semi-
                                                                 annually to leverage resources across agencies to reduce
                                                                 recidivism and victimization; identify evidence-based
                                                                 practices that advance the council¹s mission; promote
                                                                 changes to federal statutes, policies and practices that
                                                                 focus on reducing crime; and identify federal policy
                                                                 opportunities and barriers to improve outcomes for the
                                                                 reentry community. The council will be supported by an
                                                                 interagency staff group from 16 federal departments and
                                                                 office. Since first convening in September 2010, the
                                                                 group has produced a collaborative “Inventory of
                                                                 Federal Resources Focusing on Prisoner Reentry at the
                                                                 State and Local Levels” and has worked with Justice
                                                                 Department grantee, the National Reentry Resource
                                                                 Center, to succinctly map out the various investments
                                                                 directed to the reentry population from across the
                                                                 administration (
  On January 5th Attorney General Eric Holder convened
  the inaugural meeting of the Cabinet-level “Reentry
                                                                 In Fiscal Year 2010, the Department of Justice awarded
  Council” in Washington to identify and to advance
                                                                 $100 million to support 178 state and local reentry grants
  effective public safety and prisoner reentry strategies. In
                                                                 to provide a wide range of services. More information
  addition to the Attorney General, the council includes
                                                                 about reentry is at

                                                           Page 18
                                  Legislative & Government Affairs Update
             Public Safety Employer-Employee                         potential interference effects. It makes no assertions and
                  Cooperation Act of 2009                            suggests that “each technology has trade-offs and its own
                                                                     set of advantages and disadvantages. Each prison’s unique
The bill directs the Federal Labor Relations Authority               characteristics will help determine which approach is most
(FLRA) to determine whether a state substantially                    practical, feasible and economical to implement.”
provides for specified rights and responsibilities for public
safety officers, including: (1) granting public safety                  Criminal Justice Reinvestment Act (S. 2772, HR 4080)
employees the right to form and join a labor organization
which excludes management, supervisory, and                          This bill would establish a grant program to help state and
confidential employees, and which is, or seeks to be,                local jurisdictions reduce their spending on corrections,
recognized as the exclusive bargaining agent for such                control growth in the prison and jail population and
employees; and (2) requiring public safety employers to              increase public safety. It authorizes grants for: (1) analyzing
recognize and agree to bargain with the employees' labor             criminal justice trends, (2) developing policy options to
organization. It requires the FLRA to issue, in accordance           manage growth in correctional expenditures and increasing
with the public safety employee rights and                           the effectiveness of current spending plans, (3)
responsibilities, regulations establishing collective                implementing the proposed policies and programs; and (4)
bargaining procedures for public safety employers and                measuring their impact.
employees in states that do not substantially provide for
such rights and responsibilities. It prohibits public safety         Status: The bill was not brought up for consideration in the
employers, employees, and labor organizations from                   last Congress but will likely see early action and receive
engaging in lockouts, sickouts, work slowdowns, or                   much consideration in the 112th Congress.
strikes. It does not mandate binding arbitration either.
That is still left up to the states. Further, nothing in this bill   National Criminal Justice Commission Act (S. 714, HR 5143))
is meant to compel states or localities to agree to proposals
they do not agree with or cannot afford.                             S. 714, introduced by Senator Webb (D-VA) would establish a
                                                                     national commission to do an 18-month review of the
Status: This bill did not pass in the last Congress. It was          American criminal justice system and make recommendations
added as an amendment to the proposed budget, which did              to Congress. The Senate bill continues to have broad bi-
not pass in lieu of the continuing resolution. It has the            partisan support while the House bill has 13 co-sponsors.
support of the White House and will continue to be
discussed as a possible amendment to another “must-pass”             Status: This bill was not passed by the previous Congress but
piece of legislation in the new Congress.                            be brought up for consideration in both houses early on in
                                                                     the new Congress.
              Safe Prisons Communications Act
                                                                                 Second Chance Act Reauthorization
This bill would amend the Communications Act to
authorize the director of the Federal Bureau of Prisons or           Supporters continue to meet with several of the key House
state prison administrator to petition the FCC to permit             offices to discuss possible changes or amendments to the
the installation of devices to prevent, jam, or interfere with       authorization. However, no substantive changes will likely
wireless communications within the geographic                        be made. House Republicans do not support an expansion of
boundaries of a specific prison, penitentiary, or                    the authorization or inclusion of any new sections or
correctional facility. It requires that the device be operated       additional authorization of funds. It is possible that it may be
on a directional basis, using all other interference-limiting        attached as an amendment to the FY11 budget bill but, it is
capabilities available to the device or otherwise so that the        more likely that it will be put off until next year unless the
device does not interfere with wireless communications               Democratic sponsors and supporters actually agree to reduce
that originate and terminate outside the area of the prison,         the amount of authorizations in the bill. Democratic staffers
penitentiary, or correctional facility.                              say that technical amendments will be included only if there
                                                                     is Republican support.
Status: The NTIA along with the FCC, BOP and NIJ
submitted their final report on Contraband Cell Phones in            Status: The bill is not a high priority item as SCA programs have
Prisons on December 29. It can be found on the ASCA and              continued to be funded. The current budget climate will likely
NTIA websites. The Report discusses the characteristics and          be an obstacle to passing and expanded bill as will the divided
capabilities of the various technologies and considers               Congress. Debate will likely continue through the spring.

                                                              Page 19
Affairs Update, continued
         Deaths in Custody Reporting Act (HR 738)                          Notice Pleading Restoration Act of 2009 (S.1504),
                                                                                Open Access to Courts Act (HR 4115)
The bill requires states that receive certain criminal justice
assistance grants to report to the Attorney General on a              These bills seek to overturn the Supreme Courts’ 2009
quarterly basis certain information regarding the death of any        decisions in Ashcroft v. Iqbal and Bell Atlantic v. Twombly.
person who is detained, arrested, en route to incarceration, or       The bills would prevent federal judges from dismissing
incarcerated in state or local facilities or a boot camp prison. It   lawsuits even if the facts are not plausible or are insufficient
also grants the Attorney General discretion to reduce by up to        to warrant a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable
10% the amount of the criminal justice assistance grants of           for misconduct. Many more claims would be allowed to
states that fail to comply. It further requires the head of each      proceed to the Discovery phase that could be costly
federal law enforcement agency to report to the Attorney              correctional systems.
General annually certain information regarding the death of
any person who: (1) is detained or arrested by any officer of         Status: These bills did not pass in the last Congress.
such agency (or by any state or local law enforcement officer
for purposes of a federal law enforcement operation); or (2) is       Global Advisory Committee Authorization Act of 2010 (S.
en route to be incarcerated or detained, or is incarcerated or        3176, HR 4970)
detained, at any federal correctional facility or federal pretrial
detention facility located within the United States or any other      Senator Durbin (D-IL) and Congressman Inslee (D-WA)
facility pursuant to a contract with or used by such agency.          introduced S. 3176 and HR 4970 on March 25th. The bill
Lastly, it requires the Attorney General to study such                essentially authorizes the Global Justice Information Sharing
information and report on means by which it can be used to            Initiative Advisory Committee (GAC).
reduce the number of such deaths.
                                                                      Status: Both had been referred to committee but no actions
Status: The bill did not pass in the last Congress and is not an      were taken.
item of priority.
                                                                                             HR 4969, S.3169

                                                                      These bills were introduced by Senator Murray (D-WA) and
                                                                      Rep. Inslee (D-WA) on the 25th. They direct the Attorney
        Mississippi DOC Commissioner Chris Epps
                                                                      General to make recommendations to the Interstate
           Named to FCC Advisory Committee
                                                                      Commission for Adult Offender Supervision established by
                                                                      the Interstate Compact for the Supervision of Adult
  On February 1, 2011, Commissioner Chris Epps and
                                                                      Offenders and report to Congress on: (1) whether minimum
  ASCA Vice President was selected to serve on the FCC’s
                                                                      standards in such Compacts should be updated to better
  Emergency Response Interoperability Center Public
                                                                      protect public and officer safety; and (2) policies regarding
  Safety Advisory Committee (PSAC) as a representative of
                                                                      the transfer of supervision of an adult offender from an
  the Mississippi Wireless Communications Commission
                                                                      originating state of jurisdiction to a receiving state.
  and the Mississippi Department of Corrections.
  Commissioner Epps also serves as Chair of the
                                                                      Status: Neither bill was passed in the previous Congress nor
  Mississippi Wireless Communications Commission.
                                                                      were they brought up for consideration in committee.  No
                                                                      immediate action is likely on either bill in the new Congress.
  Julius Genachowski, Chairman of the FCC, in a letter
  announcing his appointment said that Commissioner
  Epps was chosen from a distinguished list of potential
  members from the public safety community and                                       NIJ Releases Final Report on
  telecommunications industry.                                                 Portal Contraband Detection Technology

  The PSAC is charged with providing recommendations                   This primer discusses correctional operations in prisons
  to the Commission's Emergency Response                               and jails with respect to portal contraband detection, and
  Interoperability Center (ERIC) concerning the technical              includes descriptions of related technology either available
  and operational requirements and procedures to ensure                in the market today or under development. It will help the
  nationwide interoperability. The appointment effective               correctional professional increase understanding of
  immediately and expires on August 6, 2012, the date the              contraband detection and hopefully generate new
  current PSAC charter will expire.                                    thinking related to this area. Go to:

                                                               Page 20
Michigan Corrections Director Patricia Caruso Wins Outstanding Commissioner Award
At its annual awards dinner on                                     population while at the same time enhancing public safety. She
December 4th, 2010, the Association of                             has cut hundreds of millions of dollars from the budget while
State Correctional Administrators                                  maintaining a strong commitment to reinvest in community
(ASCA) honored Michigan’s Director of                              programs. Change achieved in the department's staff culture
Corrections – Patricia Caruso - as the                             has resulted in a new focus on increasing public safety by
Outstanding Director of Corrections in                             investing in offenders' success when they are released from
the country by presenting her with the                             prison. She has adopted research and data to inform decision-
2010 Michael Francke Award.                                        making concerning policy, and has implemented evidenced-
                                                                   based programming on the same basis.
Along with members of ASCA, in
attendance were Governor Toney Anaya,                              She has made a significant investment in the professional
who appointed Michael Francke Secretary of the New                 development of staff with the Leadership Program initiated in
Mexico Corrections Department in 1983, Michael’s brother           2002, which now requires an intensive 95-hour training
Patrick, Patrick’s son David, and Patrick’s son-in-law John        program for all new supervisors, managers, and executives. She
Norris, and nine previous Francke Award recipients.                has taken serious and aggressive action to address recidivism
                                                                   and continues to provide sage and humane living and working
The award is presented annually to recognize the dedication        conditions in the Departments facilities. Many other innovations
and achievements of the country’s most outstanding                 and accomplishments have been achieved under her leadership,
Corrections Director.   ASCA established the award in 1992, to     such as technologies to automate prisoner movement processes,
celebrate Michael Francke's contribution to the field of           electronic enhancements for prisoner education, and statewide
corrections and his support of ASCA.  In 1989, while Director      communication via video conferencing.
of the Oregon Department of Corrections, he was murdered
as he left his office in Salem.  In 1991, a former Oregon inmate   Patricia has also been recognized with numerous awards. In
was convicted of his murder and sentenced to life in prison. At    2008, Habitat for Humanity of Michigan presented her with
its annual awards dinner at the St. Francis Hotel in San           the Public Official of the Year award for her long-time support
Francisco on December 4th, 2010, the Association of State          of Habitat Programs. That same year Family Justice presented
Correctional Administrators (ASCA) honored Patricia Caruso,        her their Justice leadership Award for Michigan’s partnership
Director of the Michigan Department of Corrections, as the         with Family Justice to break the intergenerational cycles of
outstanding Director of Corrections for 2010.                      crime and incarceration.

Making the award announcement, Morris Thigpen, Director            Her leadership has not been confined to her own state. She is a
of the National Institute of Corrections and recipient of the      member and Past President of the North American Association
first Francke Award in 1992, said that Patricia has a long and     of Wardens and Superintendents. An active member of the
outstanding career. She began as an assistant business             American Correctional Association, she has served as Vice
manager in 1988 and has risen to the top leadership position.      President and was recently re-elected to that position.
He described some of her qualities from the letters of
nomination: "passion, true leader, high standards, vision,         Immediately upon becoming a member of ASCA, she captured
integrity dedication, and enthusiasm."                             the hearts and minds of fellow administrators not only because of
                                                                   her leadership and prowess, but also because of her personal
For the past seven years Patricia successfully managed one of      authenticity and forthrightness. She has given freely of her time
the largest corrections systems in the country during one of the   and talents in All Directors and New Directors training
most difficult economic periods in the state’s history. Michigan   programs. She has always been willing to share experiences and
currently operates 35 prisons, houses 44,000 prisoners and         wisdom with fellow members—not only the fruits of her labor,
supervises approximately 58,000 prisoners and 20,000 parolees.     but also the difficult situations that have molded her into a
Under this person's vision and leadership, Michigan                national corrections leader. Patricia has held all leadership
implemented one of the most effective prisoner reentry             positions in ASCA and currently serves as President. She also
programs in the entire nation. Governor Granholm is proud to       served at Treasurer and Vice President and is an active committee
say this program serves as a gold standard and is often            member on the Reentry and Community Corrections Committee,
researched and imitated by other correctional systems. Patricia    making important contributions to ASCA’s progressive
Caruso has appropriately reduced the size of the state’s prison    development as a national voice in criminal justice.

                                                            Page 21
Correctional Officer Recruiting, Screening and Hiring
                                                                    wide mentoring programs they indicated that they recruit
The Maryland Department of Public Safety and Correctional           mentors through a variety of methods as shown in the chart:
Services requested a survey of ASCA Member agencies to get
information regarding how agencies recruit, screen and hire
potential employees.

Thirty-seven agencies responded to the survey. Asked how the
agency recruits, selects and hires staff, 5 agencies identified a
combination of centralized and decentralized; 19 agencies use
a centralized method of recruitment and hiring; 8 agencies use
a decentralized hiring process; and 5 agencies use another
hiring method. The five agencies that reported “other” as their
method of recruiting and hiring indicated that recruitment and
application process are centralized and the hiring process is
decentralized at the facility level.

Agencies were asked who has the final authority to hire a
correctional officer. Eleven agencies responded that the head
of a single unit or division is responsible for approving final
Correctional Officer’s hiring. 8 agencies said the head of the
organization or agency is responsible for approving hiring          All seven agencies that have a mentoring program indicated
(two agencies noted that while the Director has final approval      that they have a screening process for prospective mentors
authority, they do not routinely get involved in the selection      and those who will be mentored and both mentors and those
process without an overriding reason such as an appeal of a         being mentored receive ongoing support from department          !
hiring decision. 12 responded that the person responsible for       staff from all seven agencies. Six of seven of those agencies
the administration and operational oversight of the facility        have implemented a training plan for mentors. All seven
gives final approval. 6 agencies said that another person is        agencies have a mentor/mentee matching program based on
responsible for final approval, including a 3-4 person panel at     established criteria.
the institution; Deputy Director; facility heads and human
resources; the immediate supervisor or one step above in the        Agencies were asked about their communication and
chain of command; and human resources.                              evaluation processes. Six of the seven agencies have regular
                                                                    communication between staff and mentors and four of the
Two responding agencies indicated that they use polygraph as        seven agencies have regular communication between staff
a part of their selection process. Those agencies responded that    and those being mentored. Three agencies have a program
they use polygraph as part of the screening process routinely       evaluation process in place.
after the candidate has successfully completed a background
investigation. In those two agencies agency staff administers       Two responding agencies indicated that they have informal
the polygraph of potential employees.                               mentoring programs where offices partner with community
                                                                    organizations to provide skills building/mentoring classes
                                                                    for offenders. One agency is in the process of designing a
Mentoring Program Survey                                            mentoring program for parolees.
The Missouri Department of Corrections is trying to
proliferate mentoring possibilities for probationers and            Inmate Fines for Infractions
parolees through churches, community groups, clubs, etc.
Missouri DOC requested a survey of member agencies to               The California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation
look for examples of successful mentoring programs in               requested a survey of members regarding their practices of
other agencies.                                                     levying fines when an inmate is found guilty of violating in-
                                                                    house rules. Thirty-eight agencies responded to the survey.
Thirty-one agencies responded to the survey and seven of
those agencies indicated that they have a department wide           Thirteen responding agencies assess monetary fines against an
mentoring program. Of the seven agencies that have system           inmate if the inmate is found guilty of a rule violation at a

                                                             Page 22
disciplinary hearing. Members who reported that they collect
fines from inmates who are found guilty of a rule violation were
asked about minimum fines, maximum fines and estimated
average fines. The twelve agencies that collect fines reported:

  • Colorado: The Value of the property when restitution is
    sought, ordered or as a sanction.
  • Georgia: $4 Minimum; GA charges a $4 processing fee for each
    guilty disciplinary report. A $100 charge is levied for
    infractions involving possession of cell phones.
  • Kansas: $10 Minimum; $20 Maximum; $15 Average.
  • Kentucky: No set Minimum or Maximum; $43 Average.
  • Massachusetts: $160 Average.
  • Montana: No Minimum; $30 Maximum; $13 Average.
  • New Hampshire: $5 Minimum; $65 Maximum; $35 Average.
  • New York State: $5 Minimum; $5 Maximum; $5 Average.
  • Oregon: $1 Minimum; $200 Maximum; $63 Average ($50 - $75)         !
  • South Dakota: $1 Minimum; $100 Maximum; $20 Average.
  • Tennessee: $3 Minimum; $5 Maximum; $4 Average.
  • Wisconsin: No minimum, maximum, average reported.
  • Wyoming: $1 Minimum; $50 Maximum; $7 Average ($5 - $10).

Twelve of the agencies that responded that they assess fines
reported that they deduct fines from or encumber the
inmate’s account. Eight reporting agencies indicated that
they collect restitution for damage to state property as part
of the disciplinary process.

Prisons and Prisoners Survey
The California Department of Rehabilitation and
Correctional Services requested a survey of ASCA member
agencies regarding their policies on how much time
inmates are allowed out of cells and the size of cells.
Twenty-three agencies responded to the survey request.                !

Member agencies were asked what the maximum number
of hours per day an inmate could be out of his/her cell
based on custody levels. The following graphs show the
responses for Maximum/Close Custody, Medium Custody
and Minimum Custody where N/A indicates there is no
policy or no maximum time designated by policy:

      BJA Launches Justice Information Center (JIC)

                        Contact the JIC at 877–927–5657 to
                        ask knowledgeable staff about BJA
                        grant solicitations and information
                        on BJA-supported programs.


                                                            Page 23
The averages for maximum time allowed out of the cell for
each custody level are:

  • Maximum/Close Custody: 8.18 Hours;
  • Medium Custody: 13.81 Hours;
  • Minimum Security: 14.72 Hours.

Agencies were also asked what is the minimum Hours that
each custody level is allowed out of the cells. The following
graphs show the number of agencies that reported a
minimum number of hours allowed out of the cell where N/
A indicates there is no minimum or no minimum time
designated by policy:

                                                                        Only one responding agency distinguishes between male !
                                                                        and female general population inmates for out-of-cell time.
                                                                        Fourteen of the reporting agencies count Administrative
                                                                        Segregation beds count in the official rated capacity of the
                                                                        correctional system. Nine of the reporting agencies indicated
                                                                        that they were fully ACA accredited, five agencies are
                                                                        partially accredited and 9 are not ACA accredited.

                                                                        Fifteen reporting agencies said that they have a formula that
                                                                        they use to determine the number of unencumbered square
                                                                        feet required in a cell housing two inmates. Asked what the
                                                                        formula is that is used to determine unencumbered space all
                                                                        responding agencies referenced the ACA standard for
                                                                        unencumbered space or the ACA formula.

                                                                        Alcohol Use for Religious Services
                                                                        The Delaware Department of Correction requested a survey
                                                                        of ASCA members to determine whether alcohol is used as
                                                                        part of the Catholic Masses or other religious services. Thirty-
                                                                        six agencies responded to the survey.

                                                                        Twenty-eight agencies allow Catholic priests to use wine
                                                                        during Mass performed at agency facilities and all twenty-
                                                                        eight agencies limit the amount of wine that can be used,
                                                                        generally to one or two ounces. Twenty-four of those
                                                                        agencies responded that they limit consumption of wine to
                                                                        the priest and one agency said other celebrants might
                                                                        consume wine but not inmates. Two agencies indicated that
                                                                        they allow intinction (dipping the consecrated bread into the
                                                                        consecrated wine).

                                                                        Nine agencies responded that their agency allows other
                                                                        religious groups to use alcoholic beverages as part of religious
                                                                    !   ceremonies. Of the religious denominations that were

                                                         Page 24
identified, one agency identified Jehovah’s Witness is allowed
to use wine as part of the celebration of “The day of the Lord’s         ASCA Releases Pandemic Planning Manual
Supper” but it is not consumed; the Episcopal service in one
agency is treated the same as the Catholic Mass.                   The Association of State Correctional Administrators is
                                                                   pleased to provide you with ASCA's Corrections
Some agencies that responded they do not allow wine as part        Response to Pandemic Flu Manual. The Planning Guide
of the ceremony indicated that grape or other non-alcoholic        includes a Corrections Planning Checklist intended as a
fruit juice are used for Catholic and Protestant Communion         tool for Corrections Planners to review their continuity of
and Asatru religious rites.                                        operations plans to see if they address the areas
                                                                   recommended by ASCA’s Pandemic Planning
                                                                   Workgroup including:

                                                                      1. Sufficiency of Medical Equipment, Medications
                                                                         and Supplies at your Institution(s)
                                                                      2. Ensure that your Medical Procedures are in Order
                                                                      3. Ensure that Your Institution Can Continue
                                                                         Operations During a Pandemic
                                                                      4. Ensure that Your Plan Effectively Manages and
                                                                         Motivates Staff During a Pandemic
  The Association of Women Executives in Corrections                  5. Plans for Managing Inmates & Visitors at the
  announces the 2011 Application Process for the Susan                   Onset and throughout the Medical Emergency
  M. Hunter Award.
                                                                   The manual also includes:
  Please support Susan’s vision by nominating a woman
  correctional leader who has empowered and celebrated                • The History of Pandemics and Their Impact on
  the development of other women in corrections.  Think                 Prisons
  about those women, both working and retired, who                    • The Response of Departments of Corrections’ to
  have made a difference.                                               the 2009 H1N1 Influenza
                                                                      • ASCA’s Survey of Pandemic Preparedness
  The eligibility criteria, as established by the AWEC                • Experiences of Corrections Agencies with their
  Awards Committee in concert with Susan’s wishes and                   Medical Emergency Plans
  approved by the AWEC Executive Committee, are:                      • Planning for Pandemics: General Considerations
                                                                      • Corrections Staff and the Pandemic Response
    • A woman who empowers other women and                            • What Was Learned Concerning Antivirals,
      celebrates the work of women in corrections;                      Personal Protective Equipment
    • A woman who is or has been in a senior                          • The 2009 H1N1 Influenza Experience
      correctional leadership position; and                           • ASCA’s Corrections Pandemic Planning
    • A woman who personifies the leadership                            Checklist
      characteristics which AWEC represents.                          • Annotated Bibliography of Pandemic Influenza
    • While AWEC membership is not a                                    Documents and Resources
      requirement, candidates who have been                           • Documents and Resources Relating to Other
      actively involved in the organization will                        Potential Pandemic Diseases
      accrue additional consideration.
    • Previous nominees who have not received                      The document is available on ASCA’s website, on the
      the award, are eligible                                      Policy, Resolutions, Legislation & Legal Issues: Events &
                                                                   News page at
  For more information on the award process, please visit          16/pages/123
  the AWEC website. The 2011 application is available on
  the Download page of the AWEC website at                         This project was supported by Corrections Response to . The deadline for application and                   Pandemic Flu (BJA grant #: 2006-CV-BX-K003) awarded
  supporting documentation is April 1, 2011.                       by the Bureau of Justice Assistance.

                                                            Page 25
                                        Jurisdictional News
California                                                          The state Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is the
Prison Cutbacks Expected to Continue under Brown                    largest general fund agency with more than 66,000
                                                                    employees. In 2009-10, the state corrections budget was at $9
In light of a diminishing budget and court orders to reduce         billion. The state is cutting $1.1 billion from the corrections
overcrowding, Governor Jerry Brown is expected to continue          system as part of the Legislature's approval of the state
the cost-cutting and population reducing measures already           budget. As of Nov. 3, the prison population was 164,652. An
under way for the state prison system. State officials plan to      additional 9,966 prisoners in the system are from Arizona,
cut $1.1 billion from the Department of Corrections and             Mississippi and Oklahoma. The state has 107,661 parolees.
Rehabilitation this fiscal year, according to a budget report       California's recidivism (re-arrest) rate is about 70 percent.
from the state Legislative Analyst's Office. Prison officials are
also considering cuts to corrections officer staffing as well as                                                      Neil Nisperos
implementing a 12-hour workday for the officers in response                                                           Daily Bulletin
to the shrinking budget.                                                        

Jerry Evans, a Brown spokesman, said it's too early to
provide detailed comments on Brown's plan for dealing with          Cook County, Illinois
an overcrowded prison system.
                                                                    Discovery TV Crew Goes 'Behind Bars'
Brown will have to tackle overcrowding and high recidivism          With Doctors at Cook County Jail
with limited power because of increased federal court
oversight, said Jennifer Walsh, professor of political science at   Cook County jail inmates get top-notch medical attention around
Azusa Pacific University and a board member of the                  the clock from a group of doctors who will soon be featured on
Association for Criminal Justice Research. "Much of the             the Discovery Health's new show "Doctors Behind Bars."
control of the prison budget has been taken over by the
federal court," Walsh said. "It's really handcuffed the state in    "If you're a doctor and you really want to serve the people
dealing with offender overcrowding given the limited                who need it most, a correctional facility like Cook County jail
resources. The federal judges have taken control. I don't know      is the place to do it," supervising producer Stacy Robinson
how much influence (Brown) will have.”                              said. "They work in a chaotic and volatile environment, and
                                                                    they're fearless about it."
That power was made evident last year when a special panel
of three federal judges ordered the California prison system to     Stacy Robinson (who is Robin Robinson's sister) and the 20
reduce its population by 40,000 inmates. The current prison         West production crew spent three weeks at Cermak Hospital,
population is about 165,000, down from a record high of             the corrections hospital at 26th and California in Chicago.
173,479 in 2006.                                                    What they captured on camera even surprised Melissa
                                                                    Cutlip, a Vice President at 20 West.
The judges ruled that cutting the population of the state's 33
adult prisons is the only way to improve the treatment of           "You're looking at these sweet, angelic, often very attractive
physically and mentally ill inmates. They ruled in August that      young women who are in there working in this
treatment in the nation's largest state prison system is so poor    environment which at best is not very attractive," Cutlip
that it violates those inmates' constitutional rights.              said. "It's a shock to see that contrast.”

Walsh said Brown should work to decrease the offending rate         In many cases, the treatment is better than what the
and reduce state recidivism, which is about 70 percent. Re-         prisoners get in the outside world. Surgeon Katina
entry programs help toward decreasing recidivism, she said.         Bonaparte saw eight inmates in one morning, and many
"Education programs can start in corrections and then               cried as they shared stories about their families and how
offenders can have some sort of supervised community living         they ended up in jail in the first place.
to provide structure and guidance," she said. Walsh also said
Brown may work toward policy changes to reduce sentences            "It's a glimpse into a world most people will never see," said
for certain offenders, in addition to continuing privatization      Cutlip. "Seeing that compassion and tender care against the
efforts. As of this month, nearly 10,000 state inmates are          backdrop of 10,000 inmates, in a 10-square city block of a jail
housed out of state in Arizona, Mississippi and Oklahoma.           that cycles people in and out every day is quite a contrast."

                                                             Page 26
                                       Jurisdictional News
The jail is so dangerous that the doctors are always              Upon completion, officials estimates that this project will
protected by corrections officers and the TV crew had to go       save Georgia's taxpayers more than $2 million a year in
through heavy security. Once inside, their access was             energy costs.
unprecedented and unforgettable.

"You forget the cameras are there, because you get so
involved with your patients, that the cameras are no longer       Georgia Inmates Coordinate Strike
important," said Dr. Nneka Jones, a psychologist.                 By Contraband Cell Phones

The doctors agreed to be on camera not for fame, but              Inmates in at least seven Georgia prisons have used
because they want people to understand what they do. The          contraband cell phones to coordinate a nonviolent strike this
inmates-- who also had to agree to be on TV-- said they did it    weekend, reports the New York Times. They say they want
because they want their stories told. And with the help they      better living conditions and pay for work they do in the
received, their stories might still have a happy ending.          prisons. Inmates said they would not perform chores, work
                                                                  for the corrections department's industrial arm, or shop at
"Doctors Behind Bars" premiered Sunday, Nov. 7 at 9 p.m. on       prison commissaries until their demands are addressed,
the Discovery Health Network.                                     including compensation for work, more educational
                                                                  opportunities, better food, and sentencing rules changes.
                                                                  The protest began Thursday, but inmates said that organizers
                                              Robin Robinson      had spent months building a web of disparate factions and
                                            FOX Chicago News      gangs into a unified coalition using text messaging and word
                                                                  of mouth. The Georgia protest appears to be the first use of
                                                                  cell phones to orchestrate a grass-roots movement behind
Georgia                                                           bars. "They took the cigarettes away in August or September,
                                                                  and a bunch of us just got to talking, and that was a big
Georgia DOC Looks to Lockdown Energy Usage                        factor," said Mike, an inmate at the Smith State Prison in
                                                                  Downing who declined to give his full name.
Work has begun on a new design-build retro-
commissioning (RCx) project for the Georgia Department of
Corrections across the state. The $5.8 million project, under
contract with the Georgia Environmental Finance                   Illinois
Authority, is the second largest of 135 energy-efficiency         Prisons Overflowing After Halt of Release Program
projects being coordinated by GEFA as a result of the $63.1
million the state received through the 2009 American              The Illinois prison system is bursting at the seams with a
Recovery and Reinvestment Act.                                    record high of nearly 49,000 inmates, some 3,000 more than
                                                                  just a year ago, says the Chicago Tribune. The surge, combined
Servidyne Inc., an Atlanta-based energy-efficiency and            with the state's multibillion-dollar budget crisis, has led to
demand response firm, will begin auditing more than 170           conditions that watchdog groups and veteran correctional
buildings at 60 DOC locations to identify and prioritize          officers say they haven't seen since a population crisis in the
energy savings opportunities. Servidyne will then perform         1980s prompted the state to build three new prisons.
the work at the approximately 5.5 million square feet of DOC
facilities over the next 15 months with the assistance of local   Confronted with putting more offenders in the same amount of
contractors and other small businesses.                           space, administrators are doubling up every available cell. As
                                                                  many as four inmates are bunked in slightly larger cells
Retro-commissioning is the process of assessing and               intended for two handicapped prisoners. At an intake facility,
improving the overall energy efficiency of existing               incoming inmates regularly sleep on cots in a gymnasium or
building systems. Upgrades and changes implemented                prison hospital. With the Illinois Department of Corrections
during RCx projects include optimizing building controls,         about $95 million behind on its bills, many prison vendors
restoring building equipment and systems to their                 haven't been paid for months. The reason for the rising numbers
original settings, optimizing HVAC systems, and reducing          of inmates has nothing to do with more offenders entering the
facility water consumption.                                       system. It has to do with fewer getting out as the result of a

                                                           Page 27
                                       Jurisdictional News
backlash against a policy change by Gov. Pat Quinn that           also will aid in strengthening job and training development
allowed the earlier than usual release of about 1,700 inmates     throughout the state through the Offender Workforce
over four months. Under fire by an opponent in a heated           Development (OWD) Initiative. The federal funds were
primary fight, Quinn suspended the controversial program,         awarded by the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice
called Meritorious Good Time Push, after news reports that        Programs to provide services and programs to promote
some prisoners sentenced to short terms of incarceration were     offenders’ successful reintegration into society. Among those
freed after as little as a few days in state prison.              who will be served by WORTHI are offenders diagnosed
                                                                  with mental illness, anti-social personality patterns or
                                               Chicago Tribune    developmental disabilities and who also have a history of
                                                                  substance abuse, homelessness, hospitalizations and
                                                                  confinement in jail and prison. WORTHI will augment the
                                                                  work already begun by an existing program in Wyandotte
                                                                  County that is establishing a system of housing and
New Iowa System Blocks                                            supports for this special-needs population in order to
Purchases of Key Meth Ingredient                                  increase their likelihood of success. Through the OWD
                                                                  Initiative, the grant will fund the creation of a staff position,
Iowa pharmacies have blocked thousands of pseudoephedrine         which will be housed at the Kansas Department of
purchases since a computerized tracking system went into          Commerce to increase offender support in local workforce
effect Sept. 1, reports the Des Moines Register. The              development centers. The position will develop and oversee
antihistamine, contained in many cold medicines, is a key         vocational training programs to aid offenders in achieving
ingredient for illegal methamphetamine labs. The new system       employment. The newly created position will work closely
tracks every time customers buy pseudoephedrine anywhere          with state and regional workforce development boards,
in Iowa. It alerts pharmacists whenever someone tries to          vocational training providers, chambers of commerce and
purchase the cold medicine after buying his or her daily or       employers. In addition, the grant will make matching funds
monthly limit elsewhere. It also gives police a way to check      available to use in partnering with local workforce
whether suspected meth-makers have been buying large              development centers, corrections agencies and their partners
amounts of the ingredient.                                        to establish offender liaison positions in regional workforce
                                                                  development centers.
Gary Kendell, Iowa's director of drug-control policy, said
alerts about improper purchases were sent to pharmacists
more than 3,000 times in the past month. Pharmacists aren't       Kentucky
required to deny sales in such cases, he said, but they usually
                                                                  Task Force Eyes Ways to Reduce Costs of Corrections
do. About 70,000 pseudoephedrine purchases were approved
over the same time period. Meth cooks have adapted their
                                                                  A legislative task force looking for ways to reduce
recipes to get around controls on other chemicals, including
                                                                  Kentucky’s corrections costs while protecting public safety
anhydrous ammonia fertilizer. But all of their recipes include
                                                                  is getting closer to forming a legislative proposal for the
the cold medicine.
                                                                  2011 General Assembly.
                                           Des Moines Register
                                                                  The task force — co-chaired by the chairmen of the legislature’s
                                                                  two judiciary committees and including Supreme Court Chief
                                                                  Justice John Minton and Justice and Public Safety Cabinet
Kansas                                                            Secretary J. Michael Brown — is working with the PEW Center
Federal Grant to Aid Kansas’ Offender Reentry Efforts             for the States to recommend how to deal more effectively with
                                                                  offenders while not bankrupting the state. Wednesday, the
The Kansas Department of Corrections received $289,768 in         committee discussed proposals to be presented in a formal,
October under the federal Second Chance Act Prisoner              written draft at the task force’s December meeting.
Reentry Initiative to further advance the Kansas Offender
Risk Reduction and Reentry Plan. The grant will provide           They include risk assessments of offenders who are
funding to create the Wyandotte Offender Reentry Treatment        candidates for probation or parole; more supervision for high
& Housing Initiative (WORTHI), a housing reentry program          risk parolees; greater use of intermediate sanctions for
for special-needs offenders in Wyandotte County. The grant        technical parole and probation violators; programs to help

                                                           Page 28
                                          Jurisdictional News
inmates successfully move back into the public community              county jails and county budgets. About 7,000 state inmates are
after incarceration; and differentiating between simple               in local jails, often providing funding that keeps those jails
possession of drugs and commercial trafficking.                       from draining the county budget. Warren Commonwealth
                                                                      Attorney Chris Cohron said the preliminary proposals reflect
Kentucky’s prison population has steadily increased over the          input from local officials, prosecutors and law enforcement –
past 35 years as the public became more concerned about               although he said not all of those “stakeholders” are likely to
drug crimes and lawmakers adopted “tough on crime”                    agree with every recommendation.
penalties, which lengthened sentences. During that time the
number of state inmates grew from just over 3,000 inmates             “As with any legislation, the devil is in the details,” Cohron said.
to more than 21,000 now, down from a high of about 23,000
two years ago. The corrections budget is approaching $500             Mike Bischoff, Executive Directors of the Kentucky Chiefs
million, a level which is proving increasingly difficult to fund      Association, said the public mood may be changing on how
as state revenues decline.                                            to deal with drug offenders, especially the cost of
                                                                      incarcerating them. But he said increased probation and
According to data presented by Peter Ozanne, of the Crime             parole supervision has been recommended in the past but
and Justice Institute, drug crimes account for 40 percent of          lawmakers couldn’t find the money to pay for it. “Where is
admissions in Kentucky. But 55 percent of those offenders             the money going to come from?” Bischoff asked.
have no previous felony conviction and those who do were
usually convicted for drug or property offenses where no              Ed Monahan, the state’s top public defender, is more
violence or injury to victims occurred. Efforts to lighten            hopeful. He said the task force produced an impressive
sentences for non-violent drug offenders has met political            analysis of the problem and he thinks lawmakers will react
resistance in the past, though many lawmakers privately               with “significant” legislative. He said the analysis shows
concede locking up non-violent offenders who are essentially          public safety can be safeguarded without such high costs.
addicts doesn’t increase public safety but only increases costs.
                                                                      “This is what the public wants,” Monahan said. “They don’t
One proposal by the task force is to probate first and second         want their money wasted. They want to use it wisely.”
offenses of “simple possession” while gradually increasing
sentences for greater quantities of drugs, especially for                                                                 Ronnie Ellis
“commercial traffickers.”                                                                                           CNHI News Service.

House Judiciary Chairman John Tilley, D-Hopkinsville, who
co-chairs the task, said the legislature is serious this time about
reducing the costs and prison population. He noted that with          Louisiana
all three branches having a seat on the task force, “the loudest      Prison Officials Want To Raise Probation Fees
voices in Frankfort” will be behind the recommendations and
he thinks legislative leaders will be supportive.                     Louisiana prison officials want to raise probation and parole
                                                                      fees by $10 to soften the blow of budget cuts. Department of
Senate President David Williams, R-Burkesville, and a                 Corrections Secretary Jimmy LeBlanc told lawmakers
spokesman for House Speaker Greg Stumbo, D-Prestonsburg,              Thursday that the increase would generate $3 million the
said they hadn’t seen the specific recommendations and                agency sorely needs. Last year, the state's Division of
looked forward to reviewing them.                                     Probation and Parole collected $27 million in supervision
                                                                      fees, victim restitution, fines and other expenses. The state is
But Williams said the task force members are “a well-qualified        facing a $1.6 billion budget shortfall in the fiscal year that
and distinguished group of people” and proposing ways to              starts next summer. The Jindal administration directed state
deal with the problem “was the charge they were given.”               agencies to prepare for 35 percent budget cuts.

“It sounds like they’re going to have a lot of interesting ideas,”                                                  The Associated Press
Williams said, “and I look forward to reviewing them.”

LaRue County Judge/Executive Tommy Turner, who
represents county governments on the task force, believes the
task force is sensitive to the implications of state decisions on

                                                               Page 29
                                           Jurisdictional News
Maryland                                                                Missouri
Public Safety Director Talks                                            Puppies for Parole
About Security Improvements
                                                                        It has been less than nine months since the Missouri DOC
Gary D. Maynard, the secretary of the Maryland Department               began the Puppies for Parole effort beginning at the
of Public Safety and Correctional Services, met with                    maximum security prison in Jefferson City. Since then every
Washington County Commissioners Tuesday to inform them                  few weeks the DOC has opened a new program at the
about security improvements, community projects and other               remaining facilities. At present there are 11 prisons with dog
initiatives within the state prison system.                             training and obedience programs. In this short time well over
                                                                        a hundred dogs have been adopted out by this endeavor
Serious assaults on corrections staff by inmates dropped 50             accordingly. There are an equal number in residence presently
percent over four years, from 20 in fiscal 2007 to 10 in fiscal 2010,   at our prisons. Another four prisons will come on line in the
Maynard said. In the same time period, serious inmate-on-               next four months. Each prison has an MOU with a local
inmate assaults dropped 35 percent, from 271 to 177, he said.           shelter to take many of the dogs who have not been adopted
                                                                        for a variety of reasons - many with behavioral issues, abused
Maynard attributed the drop to better security and less                 dogs, and some with physical issues such as the three-legged
contraband. The department has invested $1.1 million in new             one or a couple of one-eyed fellows.
and upgraded entrance-scanning equipment such as Body
Orifice Security Scanner chairs and X-ray scanners, he said.            The offenders have worked hard under the tutelage of
                                                                        certified civilian trainers to bring these dogs around to be
With the help of an intelligence analyst and gang unit, the             lovable, obedience trained and socialized animals which has
state Division of Correction knows more about the gang                  increased their opportunity for adoption geometrically. Many
affiliations of inmates, and cell-phone sniffing dogs are               if not most have been adopted by prison staff members.
helping cut down on the banned cell phones gang members
use to communicate, Maynard said.                                       Director Lombardi says this is not all about the dogs. It is
                                                                        about bringing an element of humanity into the prison
Another safety improvement was the introduction in 2009 of              environment that heretofore may not have existed - at least
an improved escape-notification system that allows citizens             to the extent that these canines have effected. To see a
to sign up for alerts by phone, text or e-mail, he said.                tough prison inmate who has lived in an environment for
                                                                        many years where the demonstration of loving emotion is
Maynard also discussed programs aimed at preparing inmates              taboo with tears running down his face has impact on all
for successful, crime-free lives after release, including drug          of us. Director Lombardi says that is just the point. The real
treatment, education, work skills and help obtaining Social             purpose behind this effort is definitely being realized
Security cards, birth certificates and MVA ID cards.                    prison by prison, dormitory by dormitory, staff member by
                                                                        staff member and offender by offender. It is changing the
Some of the community projects inmates have participated in             culture and environment of Missouri prisons making them
have included Habitat for Humanity, tree-planting at Antietam           safer, more humane and enhancing personal interactions in
National Battlefield to re-establish a forest that existed at the       positive way between and among staff and offenders. Mr.
time of the battle and constructing cages for use in restoring          Lombardi said, “And THAT is what my goal has always
the Chesapeake Bay’s oyster population, Maynard said.                   been for this effort. It is working way beyond my hopes
                                                                        and expectations.”
He repeated an offer he said he has made all over the state: “You
just tell me, in Washington County, the place that you’re               New Possibilities: The Department of Mental Health is
embarrassed to drive by,” and the department will provide               engaging the DOC by some of their facilities adopting our
inmates to clean it up, Maynard said. Maynard said such                 trained dogs to help the mentally ill and developmentally
projects give inmates an opportunity to pay something back,             disabled. The Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital
but the aim is not to take away jobs that might otherwise go to         psychiatrists are interested in our dogs to help Autistic
citizens. “What we want to do are the jobs that nobody else             children. The Director says they will be approaching the
wants to do, and that you don’t have the funding to do,                 Veterans Homes and organizations about the possibility of
anyway,” he said.                                                       dogs for infirm vets and those with PTSD.


                                                                 Page 30
                                       Jurisdictional News
“It is my hope that, as time progresses, most of our dogs will    Over the past decade, as politicians have gotten "tougher on
be engaged ultimately in altruistic endeavors of helping          crime," the Legislature has passed tougher sentencing laws
those in need.”                                                   and even created new crimes. Last year, it passed LB63, a
                                                                  wide-sweeping crime bill that enhanced penalties for
For more information or to make a donation, go to http://         offenses such as assaults and handgun or weapons                                possession and made producing graffiti a crime.

                                                                  Capacity at seven prisons is higher than 140 percent. The
Nebraska                                                          Community Corrections Center in Lincoln is at 188.5 percent
                                                                  of capacity, and the Omaha Community Corrections Center
Nebraska looks to Parole to Reduce Crowding                       at 183 percent. Many of the inmates at those facilities are in
                                                                  work release, education release or work detail programs.
The Nebraska Department of Corrections is working to
lower prison overcrowding by paroling up to 260 inmates in
                                                                  The Nebraska State Penitentiary, which houses a mixture of
the next nine months. The move will give prison officials a
                                                                  maximum, medium and minimum security inmates, is at
jump on lowering the department's request for funds --
                                                                  159 percent capacity.
something every state department and agency is looking at
in the upcoming two-year budget. The first of those inmates
                                                                  Houston told the committee that programs at the facilities
could leave prison in the next 20 to 30 days.
                                                                  allow them to house more inmates safely.
"It's no surprise that we need to make reductions, and
                                                                  Close to 4,500 people are in Nebraska prisons. Houston said
significant reductions," said Corrections Director Bob
                                                                  dropping 100 inmates takes the pressure off the system, and
Houston. "We have a very, very good start."
                                                                  dropping 160 more could enable the prisons to close a housing
                                                                  unit. That could lower the need for about 17 employees.
His department is moving ahead with budget reductions
even if the state is unsure how much each department will be
                                                                  Every 150-160 inmates that leave saves the cost of another
required to modify their budget requests.
                                                                  15-21 employees, Houston said.
Houston met with the Legislature's Judiciary Committee
                                                                  Lowering the population by 280 inmates would lower
recently to go over the plan. All of the Legislature's
                                                                  capacity to 126.5 percent and could result in closing two
committees are meeting with departments that fall under
                                                                  housing units and saving about $3 million.
their purview, which for the Judiciary Committee includes
the courts, State Patrol, prisons, Crime Commission, parole
                                                                  Houston said that by beginning these efforts early, he hopes
board and the attorney general's office.
                                                                  to avoid layoffs. The department has a high enough
                                                                  employee turnover rate -- 12 percent to 13 percent -- so as
Each year, more than 300 inmates with one year or less to
                                                                  fewer workers are needed, everyone who wants to stay on
serve enter the prisons, and currently 100 percent of them
                                                                  should have a job.
serve their full sentences. By partnering with the parole
board, the department could attempt to get more nonviolent
                                                                  The prisons employ about 1,200 uniformed corrections officers.
offenders paroled by their eligibility date.
                                                                  Officials would like to narrow the gap between the number
That would be one step in lowering the prison population,
                                                                  of inmates housed in the prisons and the number on parole,
which has been running over capacity for a number of
                                                                  4,458 compared to 878.
years. Recent statistics show nine facilities are slightly over
the 140 percent capacity that by law triggers a notification
                                                                  They have instituted various programs to help inmates
to the governor.
                                                                  prepare for parole and be successful once they are out. Better
                                                                  classification of inmates, which is research-based, and better
Prisons were at 164 percent of capacity when the Tecumseh
                                                                  evaluation methods will add to the success, he said.
state prison was opened in 2001. Corrections officials know,
however, that building another prison is not an option, even
                                                                  The department is offering some inmates short-term
though the capacity is only three or four percentage points
                                                                  furloughs to help them establish housing and employment,
from where it was in 1997 when Tecumseh was funded.
                                                                  the two biggest issues that determine successful parole.

                                                           Page 31
                                         Jurisdictional News
It's also trying various programs to keep parolees from             New Jersey
returning, including administering sanctions for parole
                                                                    Recidivism Report Indicates Success of
violations in the community rather than returning
violators to prison.                                                New Jersey Drug Court System

The two top concerns of senators about increasing the               New Jersey's decade-old drug courts system has greatly
number of parolees were taxing community programs, such             decreased the chances of drug offenders returning to jail,
as mental health programs, and ensuring public safety with          according to a report by the state Judiciary cited by the Press
adequate supervision.                                               of Atlantic City. Statistics show that, three years after
                                                                    completing the program, 16 percent of drug court graduates
With the programs and safeguards being put in place, the            have been arrested and 8 percent convicted. By comparison,
public will be safe, Houston said. Many of those being              a 2001 study by the Department of Corrections reported a 54
released are in the lower risk group, sentenced to three years      percent rate of re-arrest and 43 percent were re-convicted.
or less. And the department will increase the number of parole
supervisors by moving correctional officers into those roles.       "Drug courts have increased exponentially across the
                                                                    country because communities have recognized that court-
"What we're doing matches what a lot of states are doing as         based treatment interventions for drug-involved offenders
budgets go down," Houston said.                                     can be an effective tool with regard to some of the substance
                                                                    abusers who come in contact with our criminal justice
                                          system," said Judge Glenn A. Grant, acting administrator of
                                                                    the courts. The state's drug court program was first
                                                                    established as a "best practice" in 2000. Cumberland and
                                                                    Ocean counties began theirs in 2002, with Atlantic and Cape
                                                                    May counties receiving funding in 2004. Offenders are
Prisons Seek Authority to Trace Inmate Cell Phones                  given programs that take into consideration things such as
                                                                    treatment needs, relapse history, progress in treatment and
Nevada prison officials are joining colleagues nationwide in a      support system. Probation is a maximum of five years, but
crackdown on what they say is widespread illegal cell phone         can be made earlier at the court's discretion.
use among inmates, reports the Las Vegas Sun. The state
corrections department wants the legislature to allow the state                                                 Atlantic City Press
prisons - with a judge's approval - to trace telephone calls to
detect and confiscate cell phones smuggled to inmates.

Corrections Director Howard Skolnik, before he retired last         New York State
month, said the legislation is needed because inmates can use       New York Convicts Collect Unemployment with
the phones to plot escapes, create disruptions in prison or         Help from Beyond Walls
coordinate other criminal activities with street gangs. "We
don't have the authority to track cell phones, which is             Prisoners across New York have been collecting potentially
becoming an increasing problem in the prisons," Skolnik said.       millions of dollars in unemployment benefits while behind
"We have not confiscated that many, and that's a concern." In       bars at the state's expense, reports the Albany Times-Union.
California, the Los Angeles Times reported that that prison         Eighty-four inmates have been caught receiving illegal
officials have taken more than 8,600 cell phones this year, and     unemployment payments totaling at least $178,000, officials
that notorious Charles Manson was caught with one under his         announced. Four cases are pending prosecution. An
mattress. Authorities in Georgia on Monday locked down four         additional 251 prisoner payments have been placed on hold
prisons after inmates used contraband cell phones to rally for      for investigation, and a total of more than 280 cases are under
better work and living conditions. Skolnik said, "It's a national   criminal investigation, officials said.
problem, but we're not allowed to block cell phone calls"
under a 1934 federal law.                                           The scam appeared to have been carried out by inmates'
                                                                    friends and family members, who, outside of prison, filed
                                                  Las Vegas Sun     for unemployment insurance with the state Department of
                                                                    Labor by phone. After providing the inmate's Social
                                                                    Security Number and a PIN number, they would collect the

                                                             Page 32
                                       Jurisdictional News
money, which was distributed either via direct deposit or a       Ohio
debit card registered in that person's name. The Department
                                                                  Prison Reform Awaits Kasich
of Labor became aware of the scam in part because of an
audit conducted by the state comptroller last spring, after
                                                                  Changing overcrowded system won't be easy. Last fiscal
which officials found 24 cases of inmates receiving
                                                                  year, 24,023 prisoners entered Ohio's prison system, which
unemployment benefits.
                                                                  administrators say is 33 percent above capacity. Every
                                                                  weekday at the Correctional Reception Center at Orient,
                                          Albany Times-Union
                                                                  Ohio taxpayers welcome new "guests."

                                                                  Some days, 20 prisoners arrive at the reception center
North Carolina                                                    south of Columbus; other times, as many as 150. Officials
NC Probation Officers Focus More on                               never know what to expect because counties don't have to
Rehab than Supervision                                            provide advance notice. In the 2010 fiscal year, 24,023
                                                                  prisoners entered the system - 4,825 from Cuyahoga
Faced with increasing caseloads and a growing number of           County alone. Nearly half of them will be released in a
dangerous offenders, North Carolina's probation and parole        year or less.
officers and the system they serve are in flux as they
grapple with an evolving judicial apparatus, says the             New inmates are classified, examined, tested, processed and
Wilmington (NC) Star News. Some used to travel unarmed;           eventually transferred to one of 30 prisons statewide.
now they all carry .40-caliber handguns. Probation officers       Immediately, taxpayers begin picking up the tab of $66.04 per
are increasingly focused on reforming offenders rather than       day per prisoner.
simply supervising them. The number of probation cases
has risen as judges prescribe alternative punishments in lieu     It's no wonder, then, that prison administrators have been
of prison time.                                                   pushing for years to stem the tide of incoming inmates to
                                                                  save money and reduce crowding. Ohio prisons house 50,976
These changes are a product of the sweeping reforms               offenders (33 percent over capacity), have a staff of more than
implemented by the North Carolina legislature in 1994.            13,300 employees and a two-year, $3.54 billion budget.
Called structured sentencing, these new laws were intended
to help alleviate overcrowded prisons and lengthen prison         That makes prisons one of the largest single categories in the
terms for repeat violent offenders. Because the most violent      state budget, accounting for roughly 7 percent of general
offenders go to prison for longer stretches, that's resulted in   fund spending, and a top target for cutbacks as state officials
an increase in the number of offenders who may not be quite       struggle to deal with an impending $8 billion shortfall.
s0 violent, but who are still dangerous, walking the streets.
Tony Rand, chairman of the three-member N.C. Post-Release         Gov.-elect John Kasich has made it clear that changes in
Supervision and Parole Commission, said that since                prisons, including privatization and sentencing reform, will
structured sentencing went into effect, the commission has        be in his sights when he takes office Jan. 10.
increasingly shifted focus away from parole and towards
post-release supervision. Last year, 2,278 inmates were           "Everything is on the table. Is it possible to have private
released last year on post-release supervision. That's up from    companies run prisons, build prisons? Of course it is; we're
37 in 1995, a year after structured sentencing took effect.       looking at it," Kasich told The Dispatch last week. "But
                                                                  corrections reform is critical. It's one of the big cost sinks
                                   Wilmington (NC) Star News      that we have.

                                                                  "We've got some states that are releasing people because they
  The Vermont Department of Corrections has issued an             can't control their costs. We have to think intelligently about
  RFP for housing of up to 500 Vermont inmates in out-            how we're going to do this."
  of-state facilities. 
                                                                  Kasich, who beat incumbent Democrat Gov. Ted Strickland              in November, said locking up offenders who have
            VT_DOC_RFP_2_.pdf?1296499150                          committed "relatively minor crimes" in costly state prisons
                                                                  "doesn't make sense to me. "You want to put your prisoners

                                                           Page 33
                                        Jurisdictional News
in an environment where the public is safe, but where it's         Seitz introduced a version of the proposal, but it also died
the least costly," he said.                                        under withering criticism from prosecutors and conservative
                                                                   Republican legislators.
One of the complaints Kasich has voiced frequently since the
Nov. 2 election is that Ohio locks up "check-kiters and people     More recently, prisons chief Ernie Moore said he wants to
who don't pay child support" when they could be punished           reduce the prison population to 48,000 by 2013. He plans to
at lower cost outside prison.                                      divert more inmates to transitional control, work with judges
                                                                   to reduce the number of offenders returned to prison for
However, the state prison census shows there were 51 offenders     technical violations and boost community programs for
behind bars for writing bad checks and 372 for failure to pay      higher-risk offenders.
child support. Those categories, combined, account for less than
one percent of the total prison population.                        "Whatever measures we must take, we will carefully consider
                                                                   the impact on public safety and move forward in a way that
Cutting costs sounds reasonable but isn't easy in an               supports our mission and the needs and concerns of Ohioans,"
overcrowded system with high security needs and court-             the agency said in a statement released to The Dispatch.
ordered mandates for medical and mental-health care of
inmates.                                                           "We agree with Gov.-elect Kasich that there needs to be a
                                                                   rational system to ensure we are reserving prison beds for
New Department of Rehabilitation and Correction budget             the most dangerous, violent and predatory offenders while
estimates reveal the consequences of even a 10 percent cut,        holding appropriate lower-level, nonviolent offenders
including the closing of prisons and the layoff of more than       accountable for their behavior through alternate means."
2,500 employees. It also could mean eliminating funding for
972 halfway-house beds, 1,547 community-diversion                                                                    Alan Johnson
offenders and 2,200 offenders in city and county jail                                                       The Columbus Dispatch
programs funded by the state.

As for privatizing, the state already contracts for the            Task Forces Help Keep Ex-Inmates Out of Prison
operation of two private prisons: North Coast Correctional
Treatment Facility, a 552-bed, minimum-security facility for       Nearly 28,000 people walked out of Ohio prisons in 2008,
alcohol and drug offenders in Grafton in Lorain County, and        many without job prospects, support or a place to sleep.
the Lake Erie Correctional Institution, a 1,380-bed, minimum-      More than 10,000 of them ended up back there, or are
and medium-security prison in Conneaut in Ashtabula                expected to by the end of next year.
County. Both are operated by Management & Training Corp.
of Centerville, Utah.                                              A third of those who leave prison in Ohio typically reoffend
                                                                   within three years.
A 1996 state law requires the state to contract for two private
prisons as long as they show an annual savings of at least 5       To try to stop that revolving door, officials in 25 counties have
percent compared with state operation.                             created task forces to develop and carry out plans to reduce
                                                                   the recidivism rate locally. In central Ohio, that includes
State lawmakers vigorously resisted a sentencing-reform            Delaware, Franklin and Pickaway counties and a joint effort
proposal that had bipartisan support from the Strickland           by Marion and Crawford counties.
administration and state Sen. Bill Seitz, R-Cincinnati.
Included in Strickland's proposed two-year budget in 2009          Most residents don't think about the revolving door of
- but stripped out by fellow Democrats - was a proposal to         criminals in their county. But they should, advocates say.
reduce the prison population by more than 6,400 inmates,
saving $29.1 million annually. It would have granted               "It's a cost-saving issue, a public-safety issue," said Steve
"earned credit" to release 2,644 prisoners, diverted 2,644         Hedge, task force member and executive director of the
nonviolent offenders to community programs, sentenced              Delaware-Morrow Mental Health and Recovery Services
527 child-support violators to community sanctions and             Board. "And it's basically the right thing to do."
reduced re-sentences for parole violations by 591.

                                                            Page 34
                                          Jurisdictional News
In March, nearly $4.7 million in federal stimulus money               A little more than a month after her release in September,
was distributed to 14 counties to help them either create or          Tincher is renting a town house in Upper Sandusky and has
implement plans to cut the reoffending rate in half within            a waitressing job and a chance to get her 21/2-year-old
five years.                                                           daughter back.

The primary responsibility for achieving that goal lies with the      "The reason a lot of people reoffend and get back in
ex-offenders, state prisons Director Ernie L. Moore said. But         trouble is because they don't have anyone on their side,"
the prison system and communities must help steer those               she said. "So they turn to what they know instead of
released in the right direction and offer a hand if needed.           believing in themselves."

"It's a matter of taking care of your own," Moore said. "These        Franklin County, which was awarded $720,000, is using its
are people that are coming back into your and my                      grant to focus on the jail population instead of on prisons, said
neighborhood. It's our responsibility to help people."                re-entry coordinator Kysten Palmore. The goal is to provide
                                                                      100 prisoners, all serving at least 60- to 90-day terms, with an
Counties with planning grants, including Delaware, use the            individual re-entry plan and other supplemental services.
money to hire a coordinator and assemble a task force to
draft a plan unique to that county. Other counties were given         "The jail population is very cyclical," Palmore said. "If we
money to put their completed plans to work. The Mid-Ohio              can stop the cycle of returning, then maybe they won't end
Re-entry Coalition, which serves Marion and Crawford                  up in prison."
counties, got $530,000.
                                                                      Delaware Common Pleas Judge Everett Krueger, who is on
Task forces look at resources already available in their              the Delaware County task force, said he hopes the local
communities and figure out how to coordinate those efforts            efforts do more to help residents than the state did.
in helping ex-inmates. They can provide financial help, such
as funding a high-school-equivalency program, or just make            "The state talks a great game but hasn't really followed
sure prisoners know whom to call and where to go when                 through," he said. "I'm hopeful that this time will be different.
they walk out of their prison cells.                                  It has to be different because they don't have room to keep
                                                                      incarcerating people."
Marion County, which has the state's highest recidivism
rate at 53.1 percent, has focused on pre-release outreach,                                                     The Columbus Dispatch
said Jody Demo-Hodgins, co-chairwoman of the Crawford-
Marion program.

"When they come out of the institution, they are already
connected to services," said Demo-Hodgins, executive                  Judge Approves Use of
director of the Crawford-Marion Board of Alcohol, Drug                New Execution Drug in Oklahoma
Addiction and Mental Health Services.
                                                                      A sedative commonly used to euthanize animals may be used
Without resources such at those provided by the county task           on death row inmates in Oklahoma to substitute one of the
forces, soon-to-be-released inmates have little to look forward to.   three drugs in the state's lethal injection formula, a federal
                                                                      judge ruled Friday.
Kyle Tincher, 25, entered the West Central Community
Correctional Facility in Marysville six months ago on a               U.S. District Judge Stephen Friot rejected a motion by death
probation violation. She was estranged from her family,               row inmates Jeffrey David Matthews and John David Duty,
unemployed and soon-to-be homeless.                                   who argued that the use of a drug called pentobarbital
                                                                      amounted to "cruel and unusual punishment."
The feeling of hopelessness faded after she connected with
Kim Ferrara, a re-entry case manager with the Marion Area             Friot said the inmates' attorneys failed to prove that the
Counseling Center. Ferrara visited Tincher almost daily with a        new drug posed a "substantial risk of serious harm." The
to-do list. He brought her gas cards, helped her get her driver's     judge said the two anesthesiologists who testified during
license back and assisted her in finding housing and a job.           Friday's daylong hearing agreed that a sufficient dose

                                                               Page 35
                                        Jurisdictional News
would render an individual unconscious and ultimately              He said smaller doses of the drug are routinely used to
lead to death.                                                     euthanize animals.

Attorneys for the inmates said an appeal was likely, but           Several states that have lethal injection employ a three-
declined further comment.                                          drug combination created in the 1970s. Sodium thiopental
                                                                   is injected using a syringe to put an inmate to sleep, then
Earlier this year, the Oklahoma Department of Corrections          two other drugs — pancuronium bromide, which
ran out of sodium thiopental, a key component in the               paralyzes muscles, and potassium chloride, which stops
three-drug cocktail that causes unconsciousness. The               the heart — are administered.
department changed its protocol to allow for the use of
pentobarbital, a similar drug.                                     Sodium thiopental is a barbiturate, used primarily to
                                                                   anesthetize surgical patients and induce medical comas. It is
No other U.S. state uses pentobarbital during executions,          also sometimes used to help terminally ill people commit
experts testified.                                                 suicide and to euthanize animals.

"We knew changing drugs was going to be breaking new               Matthews, one of the inmates challenging the new drug, has
ground," Assistant Attorney General Stephen Krise said after       had his execution delayed several times because of his
the judge's ruling. "A lot of effort went into making sure that    objection to substituting sodium thiopental. Matthews was
the drug we chose would satisfy the requirements of the 8th        convicted in the 1994 murder of his 77-year-old great-uncle,
Amendment, and I think that bore fruit today."                     Otis Earl Short, during a robbery of Short's home. The
                                                                   attorney general's office is expected next week to request a
Oklahoma is among several states that have been scrambling         new execution date for Matthews.
after Hospira Inc. — the sole U.S. manufacturer of sodium
thiopental — said new batches of the barbiturate would not be      Duty, whose execution is scheduled for Dec. 16, was
available until January, at the earliest. Hospira has blamed the   convicted of the December 2001 murder of 22-year-old Curtis
shortage on problems with its raw-material suppliers.              Wise, who was Duty's cellmate at the Oklahoma State
                                                                   Penitentiary in McAlester. Authorities said Wise was
Dr. David Waisel, an anesthesiologist, testified Friday that       strangled to death with shoelaces. At the time, Duty was
pentobarbital is used primarily as an anti-seizure drug or in      serving three life sentences for rape, robbery and shooting
small doses as a sedative, but not as a general anesthetic.        with intent to kill, all dating from 1978.

Substituting pentobarbital increases the risk that an inmate                                                 The Associated Press
could be paralyzed but aware when the third drug that stops
the heart is administered, and the third drug can cause a
"very painful, very burning sensation," he said.                   Rhode Island
                                                                   How Rhode Island’s Jail-Diversion Program Will Work
"We're in unknown territory, so we have to extrapolate, and
often when we extrapolate, we are wrong," Waisel testified.        The new jail diversion program for veterans and others
                                                                   suffering from posttraumatic stress disorder aims to set
But another anesthesiologist whose videotaped deposition           people, particularly soldiers, on the path to recovery while
was played in court testified that the amount of pentobarbital     holding them accountable for their crimes.
the state plans to use in the procedure is enough to cause
unconsciousness and even death within minutes.                     It relies on the cooperation of prosecutors, mental-health
                                                                   clinicians, judges and, perhaps most importantly, the
"Five-thousand milligrams of pentobarbital is an enormous          discipline and desire of the defendants themselves. Now a
overdose and is much more than would be needed to induce           pilot program in its initial phases in Kent County court, the
a barbituate coma," Dr. Mark Dershwitz said.                       hope is that it will ultimately become a statewide initiative
                                                                   that will provide trauma-informed training for police
Dershwitz also testified that the risk of an inmate remaining      officers and others working in the criminal system. It is
conscious after receiving such a dose is "a probability as low     being overseen by the Department of Behavioral
as we could possibly measure."                                     Healthcare, Developmental Disabilities and Hospitals, in

                                                            Page 36
                                        Jurisdictional News
conjunction with The Kent Center, which provides                    them services that will help them avoid the type of behavior
behavioral health-care services.                                    that lands them in the criminal justice system.

The first challenge will be identifying veterans and others         Each case in the PTSD program will be handled individually,
who might be eligible for the program — a prospect at times         with no set formula for how particular crimes will be treated,
made difficult by individuals’ reluctance to admit they are         said Stacey P. Veroni, chief of the criminal division at the
struggling with mental illness, according to coordinators.          attorney general’s office.
Clinicians will be in court each day looking for prospective
participants, some who will be pinpointed only by their             The key will be identifying people truly experiencing
stance. Those individuals will then be screened to determine        posttraumatic stress disorder due to combat or a traumatic event,
if they have posttraumatic stress disorder.                         she said. “We want to make sure we’re flagging the right cases.”

In addition, the clinicians hope to get referrals from police       Other obstacles might be crime victims, who could object to
departments, prosecutors, family members, hospitals, deputy         the terms, she said.
sheriffs and the Rhode Island National Guard, said Corrina
Roy, a behavioral health planner with the Department of             But the end goal is to get eligible offenders the treatment they
Behavioral Healthcare, who is directing the program.                need so they will not commit further crimes, she said. “We
                                                                    don’t want to see these repeat offenses in court,” Veroni said.
Working with prosecutors and the police, the clinicians will
devise a substance-abuse and mental-health treatment                “Most of these people integrate beautifully into society,” said
program for participants as an alternative to jail. Veterans, in    Jeanne E. LaFazia, chief judge of District Court. “My concern
particular, will be tapped into the resources of the Veterans       is we can’t leave those behind who don’t.”
Administration. All parties have to agree on the terms and a
judge decides whether the proposal is appropriate.                  There are 61 veterans in the Adult Correctional Institutions,
                                                                    15 who are awaiting trial, according to Tracey E.
“The ultimate decision is going to be from the judge, really,”      Zeckhausen, spokeswoman for the Department of
Roy said.                                                           Corrections. In addition, 12 prisoners are active-duty military
                                                                    personnel. The total prison population is 3,351.
The person’s progress will be monitored by probation
officers, who work with the clinician to ensure that he or she                                                      Katie Mulvaney
is tapped into services and remains compliant.                                                                    Providence Journal

“We have to give them that extra assistance to help them
succeed,” said Christine Imbriglio, probation and parole                          ASCA Publishes State Corrections
supervisor in Kent County. Giving them the tools to achieve                        Reentry Coordinator Directory
success holds them accountable for their actions. What they
do with those tools is their choice, she said.                         As part of ASCA’s role on the
                                                                       National Reentry Resource
If an offender doesn’t abide by the treatment plan, he or she          Center’s (NRRC) Steering
risks being sent to jail.                                              Committee, ASCA staff have
                                                                       collected information from
Organizers of the Rhode Island Jail Diversion and Trauma               state departments of
Recovery Program, as it is officially called, project to serve         correction to develop a
565 people in the first year and 3,425 over the five-year life of      National Directory of
the program.                                                           Corrections Reentry
                                                                       Coordinators.  The Directory
Kent County court was chosen as the location because a clinic          is posted on the ASCA and
for defendants diagnosed with mental illness has operated              NRRC websites to encourage
there since 1999. That program works to divert people into             discussion and networking
behavioral health-care treatment instead of sending them to            between states regarding Reentry efforts. Click http://
jail as they would have been in the past. The idea is to get 

                                                             Page 37

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