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					National and International
   Regulatory Forces
ITU Structure




                3
     International Telecommunication
                   Union
• United Nations specialized agency
• Based in Geneva, Switzerland
• 189 Member nations
• Over 650 sector members
• History…goes back to the beginning of
  interconnecting telegraph across
  international borders; then sinking of the
  Titanic in the North Atlantic
• http://www.itu.int
                                               4
                        ITU
• International telecom agreements
• Technical standards for telecom network
• Telecom development
• Radio Regulations – treaty status document
  international Table of Frequency Allocations
• International frequency and satellite position
  registration
• Coordinate efforts to eliminate harmful
  interference between different countries
• Develop technical standards & operational
  procedures for radio
                                                   5
                               ITU
                            Organization
                                 Plenipotentiary
                                   Conference

                                    Administrative
                                      Council

                        Secretary               Coordination
                         General                 Committee




Radiocommunication   Telecommunication      Telecommunication    World Conference
       Sector          Standardization         Development               on
     (R-Sector)             Sector                Sector            International
                          (T-Sector)            (D-Sector)      Telecommunications




                                                                                6
ITU PLENIPOTENTIARY CONFERENCE

 • Oversees the activities of the ITU
 • Meets every four years
 • Amends the Constitution and Convention of the
   ITU
 • Elects ITU officers, establishes organization
   structure, operating rules/policies and financial
   budgets
 • All ITU Members participate and must ratify the
   results of the Conference to remain a Member


                                                       7
   ITU TELECOMMUNICATION
         SECTOR (ITU-T)

• Studies technical, operational and tariff
  issues – mostly wireline related
• Adopts recommendations standardizing
  telecommunications on a worldwide basis
  such as modems and interconnection
  arrangements

                                              8
ITU DEVELOPMENT
  SECTOR (ITU-D)
• Fosters telecommunications development,
  broadly
• Can also study spectrum management and
  radio issues as they affect developing
  countries
• The WTDC is meeting in Istanbul, Turkey
  this month, March 2002

                                            9
 ITU RADIOCOMMUNICATION
       SECTOR (ITU-R)
• International Radio Regulations
• International Table of Frequency
  Allocations
• International frequency Registration
• Recommendations on spectrum use and
  management
• Technical standards
                                         10
U.S. Delegation




                  11
                  U.S. DELEGATION

There are three types of U.S. delegations:
• Non-Certified
• Certified
• Formal




                                             12
       U.S. Non-Certified Delegation
                  U.S. Head of Delegation


                   U.S. Issue Spokesman




 Industry           FCC             NTIA         Government
Participants   Participant(s)   Participant(s)   Participants




                                                         13
           U.S. Certified Delegation
                 U.S. State Department /
                  Government Head of
                        Delegation
                   U.S. Issue Spokesman
                    (Government Only)




 Industry           FCC             NTIA         Government
Participants   Participant(s)   Participant(s)   Participants


                                                         14
                     U.S. Formal Delegation
                                              (WRC)
                                        Ambassador


  Outreach Coordinator                                                        Executive Director


       State Vice Chair                      NTIA Vice Chair                     FCC Vice Chair




Spokesperson   Spokesperson   Spokesperson      Spokesperson   Spokesperson     Spokesperson   Spokesperson
 GT Plenary    Committee 1    Committee 2       Committee 3    Committee 4      Committee 5    Committee 6
                 Steering      Credentials        Budget        Regulatory       Allocations     Editorial




                                                                                                      15
U.S. Preparatory Structure & Process




                                 16
         U.S. WRC PREPARATION &
              COORDINATION
                                        U.S. International
                      State            Radiocommunications
                   Department
                                            Objectives
Non-Government                  Government
Objectives (FCC)                 Domestic
                                 Objectives
                                  (NTIA)

    Industry              Other Gov           DoD Objectives
                           Agency
                          Objectives




                                                               17
U.S. National Committee

          STATE




  NTIA            FCC




                          18
U.S. ITU Meeting Preparations
          National Committee



                    ITAC-R
                   Chairman

         U.S. Preparatory Group
             e.g. USWP 8B

    Industry                   Government
  Representative              Representative

                                               19
   U.S. Proposal & Position Preparations
                     STATE
                  DEPARTMENT


     FCC                                NTIA
                   Reconciliation

                                        IRAC
     WAC
                                         RCS
     IWG
                                       RCS WG
   Industry
Representatives                      Government
                                       Agency
                                    Representatives
                                              20
     Interdepartment Radio Advisory
            Committee (IRAC)
      Radio Conference Subcommittee (RCS)
                Working Groups
WG1 - Radionavigation, Radiolocation & Mobile
WG2 - Mobile Satellite & Radionavigation Satellite
WG3 - Fixed Satellite
WG4 - Space Science
WG5 - Broadcasting & Broadcasting Satellite
WG6 - Maritime Mobile
WG7 - Other Matters
WG8 - Strategy
                                                 21
   Federal Communications Commission
    WRC Advisory Committee (WAC)

                Informal Working Groups
IWG-1 - IMT-2000 & Multimedia
IWG-2 - Mobile Satellite
IWG-3 - Fixed Satellite and Broadcasting Satellite
IWG-4 - Fixed & Fixed Satellite Sharing
IWG-5 - Radiolocation & Maritime
IWG-6 - Other Issues
IWG-7 - Regulatory

                                                     22
U.S. Inputs to International Fora




                                    23
              Document Preparation
• Fact Sheet Preparation
• Technical Submission Preparation
• CPM Text Submission Preparation
• Preliminary View Preparation
• Proposal Preparation
• Position Paper Preparation
• Document Progression




                                     24
                  Fact Sheet Preparation
•Identification
•Title
•Author Information
•Purpose/Objective
•Abstract
•Preparer Information




                                           25
       Technical Submission Preparation

•Study used to support CPM text, or development of a Report,
Question or Recommendation with the following possible sections:
   •Recommendation
   •Introduction
   •Background
   •Technical Characteristics
   •Analysis
   •Conclusions
   •Recommendations
                                                             26
         Preliminary View Preparation

•Title
•Agenda Item
•Issue Summary
•Background
•U.S. View




                                        27
               Proposal Preparation

•Title
•Agenda Item
•Background
•Proposal




                                      28
            Position Paper Preparation

•Classification
•Title
•Background
•Position




                                         29
             Document Progression

•Working Document Towards
   • Not all elements required.
   • Studies need not be complete.
•Preliminary Draft
   • Minimum of outline on all elements required
   • Minimum of Some studies completed
•Draft
   • All elements required
   • All studies should be complete
                                                   30
•Final
ITU-R Meeting Document Approval Process

              ITU-R SG & WP



              ITU-R Meeting
                  Input
                documents



               U.S. ITU-R
                Meeting
               Document
               Preparation         31
Proposal & Positions Approval Process

            Regional Body (CITEL)




         Reconciled Proposal & Positions




                               U.S.
       U.S. Industry        Government
        Regulatory          Regulatory
         Process             Process       32
CITEL Document Approval Process

               WRC



              CITEL




          U.S. Document
           Preparation

                                  33
WRC Proposal Approval Process

              WRC



           Proposals




         U.S. Document
          Preparation

                                34
ITU-R Structure




                  35
ITU-R STRUCTURE




                  36
   World Radiocommunication
          Conference
• Revise the Radio Regulations and any associated
Frequency Assignment and Allotment Plans;
•Address any radiocommunication matter of worldwide
character
•Instruct the Radio Regulations Board and the
Radiocommunication Bureau, and review their activities
•Determine questions for study by the
Radiocommunication Assembly and its Study Groups in
preparation for future Radiocommunication
Conferences.                                  37
    RADIOCOMMUNICATION
         ASSEMBLY
• IMMEDIATELY BEFORE EACH WRC
• ASSIGNS STUDY QUESTIONS
• RESPONDS TO WRCs
• SETS WORK PROGRAM FOR SGs
• ESTABLISHES OPERATING
  PROCEDURES
• APPROVES RECOMMENDATIONS
                                38
        RADIO REGULATIONS
              BOARD
• 12 MEMBERS
• PART-TIME (4 meetings per year)
•   Approve Rules of Procedure, used by the Radiocommunication Bureau in
    applying the provisions of the Radio Regulations and registering frequency
    assignments made by Member States;
•   Addresses matters referred by the Bureau which cannot be resolved through
    application of the Radio Regulations and Rules of Procedure;
•   Considers reports of unresolved interference investigations carried out by the
    Bureau at the request of one or more administrations and formulates
    Recommendations;
•   Provides advice to Radiocommunication Conferences and the
    Radiocommunication Assemblies.
•   The Director of the Bureau is the Executive Secretary of the RRB.

                                                                                     39
 RADIO ADVISORY GROUP
• Review the priorities and strategies adopted in the
  Sector;
• Monitor progress of the work of the Study
  Groups;
• Recommend measures for fostering cooperation
  and coordination with other organizations and
  with the Other ITU Sectors.

The RAG provides advice on these matters to the
Director of the Radiocommunication Bureau.
                                                    40
   RADIOCOMMUNICATION
     BUREAU DIRECTOR

• Organizes and coordinates the work of the
  Radiocommunication study groups.
• Acts as the executive secretary of the Radio
  Regulations Board.
• Directs the work of the Radiocommunication
  Bureau.


                                                 41
    RADIOCOMMUNICATION
         BUREAU (BR)
• Provides administrative and technical suport to Radiocommunication
  Conferences, Radiocommunication Assemblies and Study Groups,
  including Working Parties and Task Groups;
• Applies the provisions of the Radio Regulations and various Regional
  Agreements;
• Records and registers frequency assignments and also orbital
  characteristics of space services, and maintains the Master International
  Frequency Register;
• Provides advice to Member States on the equitable, effective and
  economical use of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits, and
  investigates and assists in resolving cases of harmful interference;
• Coordinates the preparation, editing and dispatch of circulars,
  documents and publications developed within the Sector;
• Provides technical information and seminars on national frequency
  management and radiocommunications, and works closely with the
  Telecommunication Development Bureau in assisting developing           42
  countries.
Regional WRC Preparation Structure
           and Process




                               43
REGIONAL SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT
             FORA


                               North Atlantic Treaty
                                  Organization            European Conference
                                       (46)                   of Postal and
                                                          Telecommunications
                     Caribbean                              Administrations
                Telecommunications                               (CEPT)
                       Union                                       (43)
                        (15)
                                                       League of Arab
                                                        States (LAS)
     Inter-American                                         (22)
   Telecommunication                  African                         Asia-Pacific
  Commission (CITEL)            Telecommunications               Telecommunity (APT)
           (35)                     Union (ATU)                           (35)
                                        (46)



                                                                           44
                          Each Nation has Sovereignty Over the Use of its Spectrum
Region   Region 1
  2                      Region
                           2




Region
  3                 Region
                      3

                             45
       INTER-AMERICAN
TELECOMMUNICATION COMMISSION
           (CITEL)


                                                         OAS
                                                     35 Countries


                                                       CITEL



        COM/CITEL                     PCC I                            PCC II                    PCC III
Permanent Executive Committee   Telecommunications                  Broadcasting           Radiocommunications


                                                                     Working Group   Working Group      Working Group      Working Group
                                                                       Wireless       Regional &      Fixed B/B Wireless    FSS/MSS
                                                                        Access           WRC            above 20 GHz




                                                                                                                              46
EUROPEAN CONFERENCE OF POSTAL
   AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS
    ADMINISTRATIONS (CEPT)

                                                                 CEPT
                                                              43 Countries


                                        ECTRA                   ERC                       CERP
                                  Telecommunications     Radiocommunications           Postal Matters



     CPG                    WG FM                   WG SE                   WG RR                       TG 1      Joint ERC/ECTRA
WRC/RA Preparation   Frequency Management    Spectrum Engineering       Radio Regulations               UMTS   ITU Council and Plenitpot




            Numerous Project Teams for Specific Studies




                                                                                                                          47
ASIA-PACIFIC TELECOMMUNITY (APT)


                                                             APT
                                                         31 Countries +
                                                           4 Associate &
                                                        40 Affiliate Members



   AGTE          Working Party 1      Working Party 2    Working Party 3       Working Party 4       Working Party 5   Working Party 6
BSS Replanning      Regulatory &      MS, MSS & Space      RN, RNSS &          Maritime, Amateur &     (FSS & BSS)     (FS, FSS, & HAPS)
                 Procedural Matters       Sciences             RL              Broadcast (MF& HF)




                                                                                                                             48
ITU-R Study Group Structure




                              49
RADIOCOMMUNICATION STUDY
        GROUPS
• SG1 – SPECTRUM MANAGEMENT
• SG3 – RADIOWAVE PROPAGATION
• SG4 – FIXED-SATELLITE SERVICE
• SG6 - BROADCASTING
• SG7 – SPACE SERVICES
• SG8 – MOBILE, MOBILE-SATELLITE,
  RADIODETERMINATION, AMATEUR
• SG9 – FIXED SERVICE
• SPECIAL COMMITTEE ON
  REGULATORY/PROCEDURAL MATTERS     50
          EXAMPLE STUDY GROUP
              STRUCTURE
                                     SG 8
      Mobile, radiodetermination, amateur and related satellite services



      WP 8A                   WP 8F                                     WP 8D
 Land Mobile except     IMT-2000 and systems                       All mobile-satellite
IMT-2000; amateur and     beyond IMT-2000                            services and the
  amateur-satellite                                                radiodetermination-
       service                                                       satellite service

                                               WP 8B
                                      Maritime Mobile service
                                         including GMDSS;
                                     aeronautical mobile service
                                       and radiodetermination
                                               service                           51
    STUDY GROUP & WORKING
        PARTY OUTPUT

• CPM TEXT
• DRAFT NEW RECOMMENDATIONS
• DRAFT REVISED RECOMMENDATIONS
• DRAFT NEW QUESTIONS
• DRAFT REVISED QUESTIONS
• REPORTS (being phased out, no longer distributed)
• DRAFT CIRCULAR LETTERS

                                                      52
   ACCESS TO SG INFORMATION

• TIES registered users
• Some information, such as working documents of Study Groups and
  contributions accessed only by Government Telecommunication
  Administrations of Member States and Sector Members. These
  officials are "TIES registered users".
• The TIES service is available without any charge only to persons or
  companies meeting one or other:
• You are working in a Government Telecommunication Administration
  in one of the ITU member states
• Your company is a Sector member of the ITU
• More info WWW.ITU.INT/TIES/registration/index
• Your Administration must register you
                                                                   53

				
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