North American Occupational Safety & Health Week (NAOSH) 2007, May 6-12, Transportation Stats
Transportation Incidents Are the Number One Cause of On-the-Job Deaths
Many Drivers Involved in Fatal Crashes Had Prior Records
On-the-Job. According to the Bureau of Transportation Statistics in 2004, 5,703 people died from on-the-job
injuries and of those 2,460 were transportation-related. Of those 2,460 fatalities 1,374 were roadway related,
335 were non-roadway related, 230 involved aircrafts, 377 were pedestrians struck by a vehicle, 90 involved a
water vehicle and 50 took place on a railway.
Breakdowns for All Transportation Fatalities– 75.7 percent are males. On our roadways in 2005 a total of
43,443 people died from traffic crashes from the 39,189 reported fatal crashes and 2,700,000 million people
were injured. Of those killed the majority were drivers -- 23,240. Males made up 75.7 % of the total number of
people/vehicle occupants killed in car crashes – 20,795; females made up 24 % at 6,598; males made up
50.1% (913,000) of those injured while females made up 49.9 % (909,000) of those injured. The economic
impact of transportation accidents in 2005 was $230.6 billion.
Vehicles -- The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) reports that SUVs are four times
more likely to roll over than passenger cars in high-speed maneuvers. In addition, some smaller top-heavy
SUVs have rolled over in NHTSA side impact collision testing. SUV-to-car collisions are six times more
likely to kill the occupants of the smaller vehicle when compared to a normal car-to-car collision.
Occupants killed by vehicle type: Occupants Injured by vehicle type:
Passenger cars – 18,440 1,573,000
Light Trucks/SUVs -- 12,975 872,000
Large Trucks -- 803 27,000
Buses 58 11,000
Other/Unknown 765 10,000
Total 33,041 2,494,000
Nonoccupants killed in traffic crash by type: Injured:
Motorcyclists -- 4,553 87,000
Pedestrians -- 4,881 64,000
Pedal cyclists -- 784 45,000
Other/Unknown-- 184 8,000
Total 5,849 118,000
Overall Total Deaths: 43,443 Total Injuries: 2,699,000
Many drivers involved in accidents had prior records: According to the U.S. Fatal Accident Reporting
System (FARS) 6,483 motor vehicle operators involved in fatal crashes had previous recorded crashes; 3,904
had previous recorded suspensions or revocations; 889 had previous DUI convictions; 9,829 had previous
speeding convictions; 7,974 had previous other harmful moving convictions.
Lanes: The majority of fatal crashes occurred on two-lane, non-divided roadways (22,351). Four lane non-
divided roads were second with 2,561 fatal crashes.
Types: Head-on collisions resulted in the majority of fatal crashes.
Factors causing the fatal crashes:
1) Failure to keep in proper lane or running off road 16,551
2) Driving too fast for conditions or in excess of posted speed limit 11,803
3) DUI 7,441
4) Failure to yield right of way 4,306
5) Distractive driving/inattentive (talking, eating, etc.) 3,415
6) Operating erratic, reckless, careless, or negligent manner 2,712
7) Failure to obey traffic signs, signals or officer 2,354
Incapacitated: Of the 2.7 million people injured in car crashes 286,000 are now incapacitated, likely to
never regain full use of their body and needing round the clock health care.
That from midnight to 3 a.m. on Saturdays and Sundays proved to be the deadliest 3-hour periods
That 58 percent of fatal crashes involved only one vehicle, compared with 31 percent of injury crashes
and 31 percent of property-damage only crashes;
More than half of fatal crashes occurred on roads with posted speed limits of 55 mph or more, while
only 23 percent of property-damage-only crashes occurred on these roads;
Collision with another motor vehicle in transport was the most common first harmful event for fatal,
injury, and property-damage-only crashes. Collisions with fixed objects and noncollisions accounted
for only 19 percent of all crashes, but accounted for 44 percent of fatal crashes; and,
39 percent of fatal crashes involved alcohol.
Weather Conditions: In the U.S. the majority of crashes occur during normal weather during daylight hours.
This is true across the board for fatal crashes, injury crashes, and property-damage only crashes. The next
deadliest time for driving was during rainy periods followed by snow/sleet periods.
Most dangerous driving holidays and crash fatalities for 2005:
Thanksgiving -- 620 (44% alcohol related -AR)
July 4th -- 590 (51 % AR)
Memorial Day -- 529 (48% AR)
Labor Day -- 506 (51% AR)
New Year's Day -- 471 (50% AR)
Christmas -- 398 (45% AR)
Months with the most fatal crashes:
Traffic fatalities increased by 1.4 percent in 2004 to 2005 for the nation
All 50 states, D.C. and Puerto Rico have seat belt laws (there are many exemptions) and laws requiring
children of certain ages to be restrained in child safety seats and laws where it is a criminal offense to
operate a motor vehicle with a .08 BAC
State motor vehicle fatal crash statistics for 2005:
Source: NHTSA's National Center for Statistics and Analysis Traffic Safety Facts 2005
The exemptions to the seat belt laws: When it comes to seat belt laws each state has exemptions. As of
February 2007 in Kentucky seat belt roadblocks are prohibited. Many states exempt rural drivers of
and some passengers of mail carriers, newspaper delivery, passenger buses, emergency vehicles,
school and church buses, tractors, off-highway vehicles, trash trucks, farm tractors, vehicles making
frequent stops, vanpool vehicles, commercial vehicles making frequent stops if not exceeding 25 mph
between stops, vehicles being used for agriculture, rescue service vehicles, antique cars, some
construction vehicles, from wearing seat belts.
Worldwide traffic fatalities from the World Health Organization:
During NAOSH Week 2007 (May 6-12) and throughout the year help us get the word out on how businesses
can develop and implement effective driver safety policies and how we can urge officials to enforce traffic
laws and improve roadway structures to increase roadway safety for all. The American Society of Safety
Engineers (ASSE), the Canadian Society of Safety Engineering (CSSE), and its thousands of occupational safety, health
and environmental professional members, along with the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) will
work to raise the public's awareness of the importance of being safe at work during the NAOSH Week. Events for
NAOSH Week will be held in Washington, D.C., and continent-wide along with Occupational Safety and Health
Professional Day celebrations on Wednesday, May 9. Go to www.asse.org/naosh07 for more information and how to get
Contact: Diane Hurns, ASSE PR, 847-768-3413 or email@example.com