The New Deal Affects Many
Ch 23 Sect 3
Women make their mark
Several women were appointed to high gov.
positions during the New Deal.
Frances Perkins became the first female cabinet
Roosevelt was seeking the support of women
Roosevelt also appointed 2 female diplomats & a
Women continued to face discrimination but
they continued to move into the work place.
African Americans take
Roosevelt appointed over 100 African
Americans to key gov. positions.
Mary Bethune helped to organize a
“black cabinet” of influential blacks to
advise the president.
Eleanor Roosevelt played a key role in
opening doors for African Americans in
President fails to support civil
Roosevelt was never fully committed to full
civil rights for African Americans.
He was afraid of upsetting white Democrat
Refused to pass antilynching laws.
Many New Deal organizations discriminated
African Americans in general still supported
the New Deal.
Mexican Americans also supported the
They received fewer benefits than
New Deal agencies also discriminated
against Mexican Americans.
Received strong gov. support from New
Roosevelt appointed John Collier as
commissioner of Indian affairs.
Moved away from assimilation & toward
Native American autonomy.
Indian Reorganization Act (3 areas)
New Deal Coalition
New Deal Coalition – an alignment of
diverse groups dedicated to supporting
the Democratic Party.
Included southern whites, urban
groups, blacks, & unions.
Union members enjoyed better working
conditions & increased bargaining power
under the coalition.
Main bargaining tactic – sit down strikes
Sit-down Strikes – rather than walking off
the job, workers remained inside their
plants, not working.
Prevented production & strikebreakers
Clash at the Republic Steel plant in
Chicago on Memorial Day
Police attacked striking steel workers outside
10 people were killed & 84 injured.
Memorial Day Massacre
FDR wins in 1936
Support for the Democratic Party soared.
Roosevelt carried the 12 largest cities in the
U.S. during the election.
Catholics, Jews, Italians, Irish, African Americans,
To reinforce support, he appointed officials
from these groups to gov. positions.
Answer these questions
1. What impact did Frances Perkins’ appointment to the cabinet
have on the lives of American women?
2. How were women treated in the workplace?
3. Who was Mary McLeod Bethune?
4. How did Eleanor Roosevelt influence racial politics during the
5. Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African
6. Why did Mexican Americans support the New Deal?
7. How did New Deal politics affect Native Americans?
8. Identify key components of the New Deal coalition.
9. Why were urban voters likely to support FDR?