The New Deal Affects Many Groups.ppt

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					The New Deal Affects Many
Groups

        Ch 23 Sect 3
          Pg 710
      Women make their mark
   Several women were appointed to high gov.
    positions during the New Deal.
   Frances Perkins became the first female cabinet
    member.
   Roosevelt was seeking the support of women
    voters.
   Roosevelt also appointed 2 female diplomats & a
    federal judge.
   Women continued to face discrimination but
    they continued to move into the work place.
African Americans take
leadership roles
   Roosevelt appointed over 100 African
    Americans to key gov. positions.
   Mary Bethune helped to organize a
    “black cabinet” of influential blacks to
    advise the president.
   Eleanor Roosevelt played a key role in
    opening doors for African Americans in
    gov.
President fails to support civil
rights
   Roosevelt was never fully committed to full
    civil rights for African Americans.
   He was afraid of upsetting white Democrat
    supporters.
   Refused to pass antilynching laws.
   Many New Deal organizations discriminated
    against blacks.
   African Americans in general still supported
    the New Deal.
Mexican Americans
   Mexican Americans also supported the
    New Deal.
   They received fewer benefits than
    African Americans.
   New Deal agencies also discriminated
    against Mexican Americans.
        Native Americans
   Received strong gov. support from New
    Deal.
   Roosevelt appointed John Collier as
    commissioner of Indian affairs.
   Moved away from assimilation & toward
    Native American autonomy.
   Indian Reorganization Act (3 areas)
       Economic
       Cultural
       Political
New Deal Coalition
   New Deal Coalition – an alignment of
    diverse groups dedicated to supporting
    the Democratic Party.
   Included southern whites, urban
    groups, blacks, & unions.
       Union members enjoyed better working
        conditions & increased bargaining power
        under the coalition.
        Labor Disputes
   Main bargaining tactic – sit down strikes
   Sit-down Strikes – rather than walking off
    the job, workers remained inside their
    plants, not working.
       Prevented production & strikebreakers
   Clash at the Republic Steel plant in
    Chicago on Memorial Day
       Police attacked striking steel workers outside
        the plant.
       10 people were killed & 84 injured.
       Memorial Day Massacre
FDR wins in 1936
   Support for the Democratic Party soared.
   Roosevelt carried the 12 largest cities in the
    U.S. during the election.
   Support from
       Catholics, Jews, Italians, Irish, African Americans,
        women
   To reinforce support, he appointed officials
    from these groups to gov. positions.
Answer these questions
1.   What impact did Frances Perkins’ appointment to the cabinet
     have on the lives of American women?
2.   How were women treated in the workplace?
3.   Who was Mary McLeod Bethune?
4.   How did Eleanor Roosevelt influence racial politics during the
     Roosevelt administration?
5.   Why didn’t Roosevelt support full civil rights for African
     Americans?
6.   Why did Mexican Americans support the New Deal?
7.   How did New Deal politics affect Native Americans?
8.   Identify key components of the New Deal coalition.
9.   Why were urban voters likely to support FDR?

				
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posted:10/24/2012
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