common law Common law by alicejenny


Unit 1
Lesson 4
 feudalism                 habeas   corpus
 Magna    Carta            limited monarchy
 common law
 jury
 Petition of Right
 English Bill of Rights
Growth of royal power
 Feudalism   was a loosely organized system
  of rule in which powerful local lords. Lesser
  lord or vassals pledged their loyalty and
  service to the greater lord.
 Nobles and the church had more power
  than the monarchy.
 They collected taxes and had their armies
William the Conqueror
                 1066 William the
                  Conqueror came
                  from Normandy
                  and conquered
                 He organized
                 Completed a
                  census in 1086
Henry II
 King Henry II broadened royal justice
 He expanded customs into law
 He sent out traveling judges to hear cases
 The decisions become the foundation for
  the English system of common law
 Common law is a legal system based on
  custom and court rulings
Henry II
A   jury would
  assemble and were
  sworn to speak the
 England established
  the common law
  system and the jury
Magna Carta 1215
 King  John angered nobles with excessive
   taxes and abuses of power.
  A group of rebellious barons forced him to
   accept the Magna Carta in 1215
1. The Magna Carta recognized legal rights
    of barons, towns people and the church
2. And established “due process of the
3. Made the monarch subject to law
Development of Parliament
 Magna    Carta created the Great Council
 This was a body for the rulers to seek
  advice from
 This assembly was the original Parliament
     Parliament (TODAY) is a two-house body.
     House of Lords: nobles and clergy
     House of Commons: Knights and middle
Absolute Monarch
 1628 Charles I claimed absolute power
 He imprisoned enemies without trial
    Parliament insisted that Charles to accept
     the Petition of Right
    He signed it but dissolved Parliament
    1642 Charles led troops against the House
     of Commons
Civil War
A  civil war followed in 1642 – 1649
 Forces were led by Oliver Cromwell
     He defeated the kings forces
     Charles was tried by a court set up by
     He was found guilty of “a tyrant, traitor,
      murderer and public enemy.”
     head removed.
Oliver Cromwell
                   Cromwell   was the only
                    commoner to be the
                    ruler of England.
                   Declared England a
                   Parliament exiled
                   Restricted
                   After he died in 1658
                    Parliament restored the
                    monarchy in 1660
English Bill of Rights 1689
 William    and Mary had to accept the
     English Bill of Rights before taking the
     crown in 1689
1.    Ensured the power of Parliament
2.    House of Commons got the power of the
3.    Barred any Roman Catholic from sitting
      on the throne
4. Bill of Rights protected the right to trial by
jury for citizens
5. Affirmed the right to habeas corpus. No
one can be held in prison without being
charged with a crime
6. Limited Monarchy- limits on the power of
7. English monarchs had power, but had to
obey the law and govern with Parliament.

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