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Present Continuous Vs Present Simple

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					                            PRESENT CONTINUOUS
                                    VS
                              PRESENT SIMPLE


                                     CHAPTER I
                                  INTRODUCTION



       Tense is very important in English learning, especially in structure or grammar
and too important in speaking and writing. But in grammar, tenses are so needed.
Basically the tense is used in our daily activity is simple present tense and present
continuous tense. These tense always use in conversation to other and tell about our
activity. But to distinguish these tense is not easy because these tense have different thin
so we must know when we use these tense. The simple present tense is often confused
with the present continuous tense.


       Present simple is used in daily activity and present continuous is used when we do
something. And we must know the differences between simple present and present
continuous. Next page will explain when to use each one and the differences between
present simple and present continuous.
                                     CHAPTER I
                                    DISCUSSION



1. The Simple Present Tense

The formula of Simple Present Tense

       Subject + Verb1 s/es + Object


The simple present tense is used for two main types of action:


              Actions which happen regularly (for example, every day or every
   Habits
              week)


              Things which do not often change (for example, opinions and
   States
              conditions)


Some examples will help to make this clearer:


   Type
     of                        Examples                            Explanations
   action


               Young-Mi goes to class every day.             “Every day” is a habit.


                                                             This means that it rains
               It rains a lot in Vancouver.
                                                             often.

   Habit
                                                             “Always” means this is a
               Santos always talks about his family.
                                                             habit.


                                                             This implies that he
               Jerry spends Christmas with his parents.
                                                             spends Christmas with



                                                                                        2
                                                            his parents every year.


                                                            This is a state, because it
               Bianca lives in Florida.
                                                            doesn't change.




                                                            Someone's hair color
               Jean-Paul has red hair.
                                                            doesn't usually change.
   State

                                                            When we like something,
               Martin likes chocolate.                      usually we will always
                                                            like it.


                                                            Beliefs and opinions are
               Anna believes in God.                        states. They don't often
                                                            change.


2. The Present Continuous Tense

The formula of Simple Present Tense

       Subject + to be (is/am/are) + (Verb1+ing) + Object

The present continuous tense is used for two main types of action:


       A temporary action           Something which is going on right now (but it
        happening now               will stop in the future)


      A definite plan for the       Something we intend to do, usually in the near
              future                future




                                                                                          3
Here are some examples:


    Type of action                Examples                 Explanations


                                                      Right now, John is
                      John is winning the game.       winning, but the game
                                                      isn't finished yet.


                                                      It's raining right now
                      It's raining outside.
                                                      (but it may stop soon).
  Temporary
  action
  happening right     Soraya is working in the        She's working there
  now                 library.                        right now.


                                                      He's spending
                                                      Christmas with his
                      Sihol is spending Christmas
                                                      family right now, this
                      with his family.
                                                      year. (Maybe next year
                                                      he won't.)


                                                      This plan is already
                      I'm playing soccer tomorrow.
                                                      arranged and definite.


                                                      She has probably
                      Sarah's leaving for San
                                                      already bought her
                      Francisco on Friday.
  Definite plan for                                   ticket.
  the future
                      The Olympics are taking place
                                                      This is already certain.
                      here next year.


                                                      All the plans have been
                      I'm having a party next week.
                                                      made.




                                                                                 4
3. The another Different Table of Present Simple and Preset Continuous


                               Simple present tense              Present continuous
                                                                         tense
                     1. To talk habitual action                1. to talk about
                                                               activities happening
                     2. To talk regular happening              now
        Usages
                     3. To talk theory.

                    4. To talk the fact
                    Now, everyday, every week, every           Now, at the moment
        Modifier of month, every year, once a week, once in
        time        two weeks, twice a week, daily, weekly,
                    monthly, yearly, etc.
        Adverbs of Always, usually, often, sometimes,
                                                               -
        frequency seldom, etc.
                    1. He jogs every day.                      1. He is jogging now.
                    2. The full moon comes once in 30 days.    2. The full moon is
                    3. We all need oxygen to live.             slowly rising in the
                    4. She is a nice person.                   east at the moment.
                    5. She looks beautiful in her newly        3. He is taking a deep
        Examples    bought dress.                              breath.
                                                               4. She is being nice to
                                                               me.
                                                               5. She is looking for
                                                               her newly bought
                                                               dress.


Note:
         Stative verb is never use in present continuous tense and other progressive tenses.
Why? Because stative verbs are passive and only talk stating: what in the brain is, what
we fell, and what we catch by senses. This verb doesn’t do action. Example: hear (passive
: mendengar) vs listen (active: mendengarkan).
          I sometimes hear bad gossips about her. (passive)
          I sometimes listen to this song. (active)
          I am listening to the song now. INCORRECT if: I am hearing to the song
             now.


                                                                                          5
                                   CHAPTER III
                     CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION



Conclusion
  1. Use the simple present tense if we talk about habitual action, regular happening,
       theories, and fact. But, use present continuous if want to talk about activities
       happening now.
   2. Don’t use present continuous tense if the verb is stative verb.
   3. Use simple present tense if we talk about medical action.



Suggestion
      We must study to understand to know the differences between simple present and
present continuous. And then we know the manner of using it. So, we can explain it with
our friends who don’t know or understanding it.




                                                                                     6
                                   REFERENCE

http://swarabhaskara.com/tenses/simple-present-tense/
http://swarabhaskara.com/tenses/present-continuous-tense/




                                                            7
                                      QUESTION


Changes this sentence into English!
   1. Saya sedang mendiskusikan bahasa Inggris dengan teman-teman saya sekarang.
   2. Petani-petani di Jati Bali bercocok tanam padi dua kali setahun.
   3. Saya selalu pergi ke sekolah dengan berjalan kaki.
   4. Kita akan belajar bahasa Inggris besok.
   5. Dia harus pergi ke dokter sekarang.




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