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					                        JAVANESE CULTURAL

                                    CHAPTER I
                                 INTRODUCTION



       Indonesia is big state. The name Indonesia has its roots in two Greek words
“Indos” Meaning Indian and “Nesos” which means islands it is an appropriate
description of the archipelago. as there are estimated to be a total of 17.000 islands,
five main islands and 30 smaller archipelagoes are home to the majority of the
population. The main islands are Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Irian Jaya and Java.
       Indonesia is rich in art and culture which is intertwined with religion and age
old traditions from the time of the earliest migrants with western thoughts added in
brought by Portuguese traders and Dutch colonists. In Indonesia though the legal
system is based on the old Dutch penal code social life as well as the rites of passage
are founded on custom Mary or “Adat” law which differs from area to area.
       This paper will give you some information about culture of Javanese. I
choose culture of Javanese because all of my family is Javanese. In my opinion
Javanese having unglue custom starting from their history, language, clothes,
ceremonial tradition, namely in family pattern, and so on.
       The purpose of this paper is to give the information about Javanese culture.
As a Javanese I must keep my culture and develop that
                                    CHAPTER II
                                    DISCUSSION


       Based on my families about everything of Javanese. I get information that
Javanese is rich in a culture and art. The Javanese compresses central java and
Jogyakarta. Both the province have similarity culture and tradition.

1. Religion
           In the Javanese Moslem is the Majority of religion. But also there are
   other religion, they are Christian, Catholic, Budist, Hindu and Faith in god
   spiritual. The Javanese usually making a ceremonial meal that suitable with a sure
   event in their life. The Javanese mention it “Selametan”. There are four
   ceremonial meals in their life, such as.
   a. The ceremonial meal in the frame of some one life.
   b. The ceremonial meal that related with village.
   c. The ceremonial meal that related with month or Moslem special days.
   d. The ceremonial meal that related with special event, like as a “Ngruwat” or
       refuse emergency.
           The ceremonial meal that related with death always give a big attention
   and must to do we Practice the ceremonial meal to honor the soul has die.
   Kind of ritual to help soul has die in eternity, as follow
   a. Surtanah or Geblak is the ceremonial meal when some one’s death.
   b. Nelung dina is the ceremonial meal of the third days after some one’s death.
   c. Mitung dina is the ceremonial meal of the seventh days after some one’s
       death.
   d. Matang puluh dina is the ceremonial meal of forty day after some one’s death.
   e. Nyatus is the ceremonial meal of one hundred day after some one’s death.
   f. Mendak sepian is the ceremonial meal of the first year after some one’s death.
   g. Mendak pindo is the ceremonial meal of the second year after some one’s
      death.
   h. Nyewu is the ritual when the some one’s death has one thousand days.
      Sometime his ritual name is “nguwis-nguwisi” the meaning are last


      Beside the “selametan” or ceremonial meal, the Javanese still use “sesajen” or
      offering of flowers or food. this ritual was related with belief to supernatural
      creatures. Usually this “sesajen” making on Monday kliwon night or Thursday
      kliwon night.

2. Live Hood
          The Javanese majority work is farmer. they work in the field and garden.
   The product of heir field and garden are rice plant, corn, soybean, coconut,
   cassava etc. but another Javanese work at other sector such as civil servant,
   entrepreneur, officer man etc.

3. Family Pattern
          Family pattern mean structure of family. In Javanese culture the family
   pattern pulled from paternal and maternal so the family pattern base on bilateral.
   By the bilateral or parental the child identify relation with families from mother
   and father. From the first until the third generation named sanak sedulur or alur
   waris. Draft of family tree level from great grandparent as follow:
        Mr. Slamet          Mr. Slamet                      Mr. Daud              Mrs. Daud


        Mr. Hadi             Mr. Yono                      Mrs. Murni


                           Solihin     Wati                        Iyon       Endang


Nanto     Ria      Dodi    Rita      Budi   Nia     Desi   Rizal          Deni           Beti


 Saras Dimas         Bagus Pandu     Jeri   Santi   Inas Abror            Nadia         Imron


    There are names of the relation ship in family as follow:
    a. father                                    (Bapak, romo)
    b. Mother                                    (Simbok, biyung, mamak)
    c. Old brother or brother in law             (mas, kakang, kang mas, kang)
    d. Old sister or sister in law               (mbak yu, mbak, yu)
    e. Young sister or sister in law             (Adhi, dhi ajeng, nduk, dhenok)
    f. Young brother or brother in law           (Adj, dhimas, dik, le)
    g. Old brother from mother or father         (pak de, siwo, uwo)
    h. Old sister from mother or father          (budhe, mbok de, siwo)
    i. Young brother from mother or father        (paman, pak lik)
    j. Young sister from mother or sister         (bibi, bulik, mbok cilik)
    k. Grand father and grand mother             (eyang, mbah,simbah, kakek, pak tua)
    l. Grand son and grand daughter               (putu)
    m. Great grand parent                        (mbah buyut, eyang canggah)
    n. Great grand child                         (putu buyut)
    o. Great-great grand parent                  (mbah canggah, eyang canggah)
    p. Great-great grand child                   (putu canggah)
    q. Cousin                                     (prunan)
    r. Nephew                                     (keponakan)
   The attitude of respectful from the youth to the old man can we look from the
   little song “Lima anak laki-laki bersaudara” or “Five brothers are siblings”. The
   symbolized by “five fingers”.
   “enthik-enthi, patenono si penunggul” (The little finger, kill the middle finger
   please!!)
   And than the ring finger answers
   “Ajo dhi, dulur tua malati” (Don’t do that , the old brother caused misfortune if
   we treacherous him).
   Next the thumb said,
   “Iyo bener iku” That is true !!
   That song give us information how the youth always and must respectful to old.


4. System of Administration
           A village in java have one village head, he is “Lurah”. Beside that a lurah
   head have assistant, he is “carik” or village secretary.
           To keep and develop the village the “pamong” or village official and
   villager be work assignment in “gugur gunung” or “kerik desa” that’s job to keep
   beauty village and build or repair village facilities.
           In java we know about “sambatan” that is the work assignment to build
   some one’s home.


5. Table Manner
           The Javanese when they are eating always sitting on he carpet. But
   sometime they are using chair and table. They are eating only use their hand
   without spoon and fork. Their favorite meals are vegetables and sauce mode by
   crushing spices in a mortar or “sambel ulek”. Usually the Javanese food taste is
   sweet and salty. There are many traditional food of java province such as : gudeg,
   lumpia, tiwul or (rice from cassava), tape, cendol etc.
6. Culture and Art
   -   Traditional clothes
               The Javanese traditional clothes for female are kebaya, jarik or long
       fabric and shawl. Usually a woman wearing a big hair or sanggul. And than
       the traditional clothes for male are serban, jarik and blankon to cover their
       head.
               The Javanese have special fabric, that is batik or batik clothes. The
       batik process of waxing and dyeing originated in java centuries ago and
       classic design have been modified with modern trends in both patterns and
       technology. We can wearing batik on formal and informal situation. now batik
       is national uniform in Indonesia.
   -   Traditional dance
       - Reog dance                             -   Ngremo, dance
       - Tatuban dance                          -   Gambyong dance
       - Serimpi dance                          -   Kuda lumping dance
       - Bambang cakil dance                    -   Lengger dance etc.
               The traditional music of Javanese are “gamelan”. The gamelan set
       consist of gamelan, boning, barang penerus, geder, slentem, sarom, peking,
       kenong, kempol and gong.
               The traditional show of Javanese are ketoprak, ludruk,kentrung and
       wayang kulit’s show.
               The “wayang kulit” of java is performed with leather puppets held by
       the puppeteer, who narrates the story of one of the famous episodes of the
       Hindu epics, the Mahabarata or the Ramayana. It is performed against a
       white screen lantern in the background casts the shadows of the characters on
       the screen, visible from the other side where the spectators are seated.
                                     CHAPTER III
                                    CONCLUSION


       The java is one of island in Indonesia. In this island consist of west java,
Jakarta, central Java, Yogyakarta and east java. Javanese is ethic group who live in
central Java and Yogyakarta. Al thought Javanese live in other place, other island but
they have similarity Javanese is the majority ethic grouping Indonesia.
       The Javanese have the unique culture we can see from their habitually and
their culture and art, such as traditional dance, traditional music, etc

				
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