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					Pushing for a New Sustainable Deal for
               Europe

Answering the environmental crisis and jobs crisis

            Judith Kirton-Darling
                  3 April 2012
               Unsustainable Development
• Current situation is unsustainable at European and global levels:
    • Economically: a banking system that does not function properly, is
      unable to guarantee the necessary investments and is further promoting
      speculation
    • Socially: high unemployment – highest recorded levels globally (24
      million in Europe : 1/5 of young workers on average, to 45% of Spanish
      young workers) – ½ global workforce working in insecure conditions.
      Environmental degradation is increasing social inequalities between and
      within countries.
    • Environmentally: although Cancun saw 2 biggest GHG emitters come
      to the table and make committments for 2020 (USA/China), global
      committments are too weak offering no means to avoid a 2°C increase
      by 2100 (IPCC). Currently we are on-line for a 4°C increase globally,
      with the associated loss of biodiversity, increased threat to human
      development and increased conflicts.
Maurice Strong: initiator of Earth Summit 1992

“2012 must go well beyond the
  environmental and sustainable
  development communities to include the
  principal policy and decision-makers on
  the range of systemic issues that will
  determine the future and sustainability
  and security of life as we know it.
2012 may indeed be the last opportunity we
 have to achieve such ambitious but
 necessary goals before the risks we face
 become irreversible. ”
    International and European sustainable
             development agendas
• Globally            • European
   – Rio+20 (June 2012)     – Roadmap 2050
   – Qatar COP18            – Transport White Paper
     (December 2012)        – Energy Efficiency
• Cooperation with            Directive
  ITUC                      – Resource Efficiency
                              Roadmap
• Bilateral relations
                            – Energy Roadmap
   – SustainLabour
   – EU tripartite relations • High Level Working
     (US, Canada, China)       Group/Social
                           Dialogue/Spring Alliance
          Green Economy- four ways?

• Reduce, reuse and recycle, including making
  all production green, may be the panacea – a
  market liberalistic view. Worst case: green-
  washing and greening greed
• De-growth or a critical approach to the system of
  economy, based on what is know as hard
  sustainability
• Distributive growth, tries to look at SCP in a
  ‘frugal’ way
• Global transition – incremental change with
  strengthening key institutions
                     Austerity can’t deliver

• Austerity measures will not build a greener, fairer Europe or world.
  They will not deliver the jobs and skills, nor the fair and just
  transition to a sustainable economic future vital for us all.
• To tackle the triple challenges of climate change, resource depletion
  and the banking crisis, we need a sustainable new deal, with
  investment in energy- and resource-efficiency, greening jobs,
  greening skills and above all, worker involvement.
• Key elements at European level and internationally:
    – Framework on GHG emissions reductions: Ambitious reduction targets for
      domestic GHG emissions (respecting IPCC analysis: -25 to -40% by 2020 for
      developed countries on 1990 levels to reach -80 to -95% by 2050)
    – Financing framework: Global Green Fund, FTT etc.
    – Framework for Just Transition
    – Resource-efficiency framework?
New functions for the state and public services

  – Liberal state: core functions were economic
  – Welfare state: social core functions were
    added to the economic functions
  – Environmental state: sustainable functions are
    included (supporting sustainable
    infrastructure, consumption, taxation)
                Financing the transformation
The Commission estimates investments of €270 billion/per year are necessary
    to achieve a reduction of 80 to 95% by 2050 in Europe (1.5% GDP
    additional investment (total19% GDP)). German government estimates
    investment of 22% GDP needed to achieve -30% by 2020.
Internationally:
• Stern report (2006): 1% global GDP in additional investment
• UNEP (2011): US$1.05-$2.59 trillion a year
• IEA: US$46 trillions or US$750 billion a year between 2010-2030 and
    US$1.6 trillions a year between 2030-2050
• Bloomberg New Energy Finance (2010): additional investments in clean
    energy of US$500 milliards a year by 2020 to achieve 2°C max increase by
    2100.
• McKinsey (2008): €500-€1.100 billion by 2030
In comparison: in 2009, US$312 billion in fossil fuel subsidies vs.US$57 billion
    in renewable energies
Or, the IMF says that rich countries have provided $9.2tn in government
    support for the financial sector in credit crunch, while emerging economies
    spent $1.6 tn                                     Source: Redefine/Greens-EFA 2011
         Reorient existing funds and look at innovative
                            solutions

•   Internationally, a Green Investment Fund (created at Copenhagen) should
    be launched now, with US$100 billion a year to 2020, and should be
    complementary to Overseas Development Aid (ODA) – squabbles are on-
    going in advance of Durban
•   At European level we need to:
     •   Mobilise and reinforce existing financial resources such as: through the EU
         budget, Strcutural Funds in the current 2007-13 framework, use of European
         Investment Bank and European Bank for Regional Development, and address
         the Multi-Annual Financial Framework 2013-2020
     •   Reform the governance of funds and loans, notably through respect for social
         rights and conventions (ILO labour standards, UN human rights charter) and
         environmental standards as a precondition for financing projects
     •   Generate new sources of revenue through a Financial Transaction Tax,
         Eurobonds and Project bonds, as levers for private capital investment
     •   Create a carbon price signal through CO2 taxation (with conditions)
Giving the right economic signals

          • A means of improving
            competitiveness while reducing
            some labour costs and promoting
            energy- and resource-efficiency
          • Need to ensure effective
            financing for social protection
            systems so not a direct
            conversion
          • Polluter-pays principle: need to
            internalise the external social
            and environmental costs in
            calculations of investment risk
            What is « Just Transition »?
« Just transition and the promotion of decent work » were included for the first
   time in a climate agreement in Cancun – now these should be applied
   through a European Just Transition Roadmap 2050 to accompany long-
   term climate and energy policies

For the ETUC there are 5 pillers to a Just Transition:
• Dialogue between governments and key actors, including social partners
• Creation and maintenance of decent green jobs through investment in low-
   carbon technologies, R&D, innovation under the umbrella of coherent and
   coordinated industrial policies, including a strong public policy framework
• Active training and education strategies ensuring workers are able to
   prepare themselves for the transition to greater energy- and resource-
   efficiency
• The respect of human and trade union rights: democratic participation and
   the respect of these rights are essential to ensure a fair deal for workers
   and their communities
• Strong and effective social protection systems
    Jobs must be at the centre of policy
 For ETUC, all sectors have a role to play (ETUC
  studies 2007/2009/2011)
 Green jobs span a wide range of occupational
  profiles, of skills and educational backgrounds. Some
  constitute entirely new types of jobs but most build on
  traditional professions and occupations, with more or
  less modified job contents and competences
 Even in the case of new industries and technologies,
  such as wind and solar power generation, the supply
  chains consist largely of traditional industries like
  iron and steel and the manufacture of machine parts
 There is evidence of the potential for green jobs
  across the entire workforce, from green collar workers
  through skilled workers, craftsmen and entrepreneurs to
  highly qualified technicians, engineers and managers.
  More precarious work cannot produce
         sustainable green jobs
• Better compensated jobs tend to be of better quality:
  wages are not the enemy
• Improved competitiveness can and should be reached
  by other means than by lowering labour costs : R&D and
  innovations and their financing; energy efficiency;
  industrial policies; technological platforms
• Greening => improvements of energy efficiency =>
  decrease in energy bills => improvement of productivity
  => decrease of ULC=> better competitiveness
• Increasing job quality => increasing jobs satisfaction =>
  increases of productivity=> better competitiveness
    A key role for energy- and resource efficiency at the
                         workplace
•   Workplaces (& transport to work) 50% of EU GHG emissions, changing
    workplace attitudes means engaging with workers, engaging with
    corporate/workplace strategy but has the added benefit of changing
    behaviour outside the workplace. The ETUC is pushing for:
     • EU and national binding targets on energy efficiency and energy
        savings of -20% by 2020
     • New and extended rights for shop stewards in health and safety and
        environmental matters
     • Supporting initiatives through training programmes and financing
        measures
     • Managing and anticipating skills and jobs developments through social
        dialogue
     • Reinforcing the principle that building a low-carbon economy means
        improving existing skills much more that creating specific ‘green skills’
     • Reinforcing the capacity of workers in all jobs and sectors to get
        involved and play their role: on the offensive not on the defensive!
•   ETUC Green Workplaces agenda
   Economic crisis has reduced price of EUAs and
created surpluses: the arguments to increase our EU
                       target




                                  Source: European Commission 2011
 Ensuring the finance and Just Transition: setting the
                 right domestic target
• ETUC has been calling for European leadership in the face of
  the threat of a double dip recession, but we also need
  leadership internationally in UNFCCC (& Rio+20)
• Europe should promote a New Sustainable Deal together with
  more ambitious climate and energy targets, based on binding
  energy efficiency targets, to ensure sustainable growth,
  investment in infrastructures and public services, and investor
  engagement
• We should get too fixated on the short-term of 2020 but
  should be thinking about what is necessary to reach the goals
  of 2050, according to the Commission that means:
   •   2020: 25-30%
   •   2030: 40%
   •   2040: 60%
   •   2050: 80% (plus 15% efforts à l’extérieur de l’Europe) = 95%
Merci pour votre attention !


   Judith Kirton-Darling
      www.etuc.org
                          Références



« Changement climatique          « Les dérèglements
                                 climatiques, les nouvelles
et emploi » 2007
                                 politiques industrielles et les
                                 sorties de crise » 2009
http://www.etuc.org/a/3675       http://www.etuc.org/a/7585

Impact sur l’emploi du
  changement climatique et des
  mesures de réduction des
  émissions de CO2 dans
  l’Union européenne à 25 à
  l’horizon 2030
Brochure 2010 de la CES disponible à l’adresse :
            www.etuc.org/a/6789
  Résolutions et positions récentes de la CES
Résolution sur le changement climatique, les nouvelles politiques
   industrielles et les sorties de crise (2009)
http://www.etuc.org/a/6595

Position sur le financement et la gestion des politiques climatiques
   (2010)
http://www.etuc.org/a/7396

Résolution « Un nouveau deal durable pour la CES et dans la
   perspective du sommet de Cancun » (2010)
http://www.etuc.org/a/7744

Résolution sur la stratégie énergétique pour l’Europe 2011-2020 (2010)
http://www.etuc.org/a/7953

				
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posted:10/23/2012
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