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        stim⋅u⋅lus – n.   [stim-yuh-luhs]

Noun and a Verb: Means to an End
        stim⋅u⋅lus – n.                         [stim-yuh-luhs]

        a) change in the environment
        b) acts to arouse action
        c) something that triggers a response
        d) something that incites to action or exertion or
           quickens action....

      ren⋅o⋅vate – v.                               [ren-uh-veyt]

        a) to restore to good condition; make new or as if new
           again; repair
        b) to reinvigorate; refresh; revive.
Why Renovation?

 At 230+ years, there are no green field opportunities.
 Brings everything of value forward, makes ready for another season of service.

 1776                                                  2009
Old School Public Works

  1930-1935 1835-1869
The Long View

 1950s 1980s
 It was not our wealth that made our highways possible. It
 was our highways that made our wealth possible.
                      - Thomas Harris MacDonald, US Bureau of Public Roads, 1953
The Long View

 1960s 1990s
The Financial Crisis, Explained
Signs of the Times
            Work Progress Administration (WPA)
            1936                                            The Flag
            National Archives

     $787 Billion –                                                      The URL
 If it were a country,
 it would be the 20of 2009
            American Recovery and
            Reinvestment Act th                                        Infrastructure
                                                    Green Tech
  largest economy in

       the world.
           National Recovery Administration (NRA)
                                                                           Health Care
           National Archives
Crisis is a Terrible Thing to Waste
              “Only a crisis, real or
              perceived, produces real
              change. When that crisis
              occurs, the actions that are
              taken depend on the ideas
              that are lying around.”
                                       -Milton Friedman
                  Chicago School free market economist
The Idea Lying Around

In the January 22 issue, Economist Paul Krugman wrote an open letter to the new president:

“As much as possible, you should spend on things of lasting value, things that,
like roads and bridges, will make us a richer nation. Upgrade the infrastructure
behind the Internet; upgrade the electrical grid; improve information
technology in the health care sector, a critical part of any health care."

“Provide aid to state and local governments, to prevent them from cutting
investment spending at precisely the wrong moment.”
Shovel Ready, Funding Worthy?
“They're talking about a government that's still a trillion,
500 billion dollars. We ought to then have a smart, trillion,
500 billion dollar government, not a dumb one.

“Lincoln built the trans-continental railroads, one of the
key factors in the rising Republican majority of his
generation. Theodore Roosevelt built the Panama Canal.
Eisenhower proposed the interstate highway system as a
national defense act…. There are smart things government
should do.…

“There's a huge jump from the transcontinental railroad
president to a pothole presidency. What I've seen so far is
a tendency to have relatively tiny projects that have no
strategic impact on the country's long-term future.”
Digital Recovery
        • Roads were important. But without cars, insurance, traffic
          signals, driving schools, civil engineering schools, car and
          driver registration systems, fuel distribution networks, and
          parking lots, the benefits would be minimal.
        • Electrical wires were important. But without electricity
          generation, standards, appliances and programs to help
          people use electricity (regulations on utilities, etc.) the
          benefits would be limited.
        • Today, wired and wireless networks are important. But
          without widespread digital take-up and literacy; standards,
          shared practices and systems (e.g., security, identity
          resources, etc.); tools (computers, sensors, software) and
          applications (e.g., e-health, telematics, e-gov, etc.) the
          benefits will be limited.
         Inspiration                      Pragmatism

                         renewal renovation

Democratization                                   Volunteerism
                       community philanthropy
Priorities Then and Now: Stay True

 Consensus view of policy makers or state
 executives and state CIOs in identifying
 those areas most likely to become a higher
 priority in the coming biennium.
Swapping Out the Plumbing
Homer’s Cloud: Let Somebody Else Do It
                             This drawing
                             is to blame
                             for the cloud
New Models of Collaboration
                 Cities of King County WA
                 North Central Texas Council of
                  Governments iCommunities
                 New York Digital Towpath
                 Newport News, VA (Open eGov)
                 Service New Brunswick
                 Free File Alliance
                 G2G App Exchange
                 YouTube
                 Google Maps
                 Flickr
                 twitter
                 Social Networking (Facebook, myspace,
                  Ning, Nexo, Twango)
                 Social Platforms (KickApps, Open Social,
Co-Creating the Future
                260 data feeds in DC library
                47 apps in 30 days
                $20,000 in prize money

       - Doing errands in DC will never be the same.
                DC Historic Tours -- A walking tour planner, powered by a Google Maps-
                Flikr-Wikipedia mashup, minimizes steps and maximizes experience
                Park It DC -- fighting the constant circling, the unnecessary meter plugging
                and even expensive tickets that come with finding a parking spot in DC.
                Where's My Money? DC -- The buck stops at a Facebook Forum on public
                expenditures, procurement and accountability.
                DC Crime Finder -- Ripped from the databases, not the headlines -- a
                customizable look at crime in the neighborhood.
                Stumble Safely -- Making the streets of DC safe for pub crawls.
                PointAbout Alerts -- an iPhone app makes crime reports, building permits
                and other civic data location-aware in that you see the stuff that is closest
                to you first
                We the People Wiki -- An editable Vox populi for our Web 2.0 times,
                embedding the voice (or keystrokes) of the people through an editable,
                peer-led community reference website based on Washington, D.C. public
Renovation: Getting to Done
The New Federal Spigot

  “The spigot of … spending that opened on
  9/11 is closing ....”
                      -Defense Secretary Robert Gates
                                         April 5, 2009
   The “Stim’ Trio
Sustainability                                                    Infrastructure
 Expand                                                          • Expand
  renewable                                                         broadband
  energy                                                            access
 Double                                                           Smart Grid
  production of                                                     (Energy),
  alternative                                                       Transportation
  energy                                                           Invest in
 Modernize         Health Information Technology (HIT)             science,
  schools and 75%   Standards and adoption incentives for           technology and
  of federal        electronic medical records -- $2 billion to     research
  buildings         invest in health information technology and
 Green the fleet   $17 billion in incentives for Medicare and
                    Medicaid providers.
ARRA: Jobs, Stabilization and “Next”

 • The $787 Billion American Recovery and
   Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
   – Preserve and Create jobs
   – Assist those in need
   – Advancements in technology and science
   – Investments in infrastructure, transportation and
   – Stabilize state and local government budgets
State and Local’s Share

 • How Much Money is There?
 • $280 Billion for State and Local Government
   – Distributed to state and local governments through grants
     and direct assistance
 • $49 Billion to State and Local in FY 2009
   – 90% of the FY 2009 funding dedicated to transportation,
     education and health
 Mapping the Funds

     Liza Lowery Massey
        Senior Fellow
Center for Digital Government
Courtesy: NSI, 2009
                                        Overview of the Stimulus Plan






         Tax Relief    State & Local    Infrastructure &   Protecting the   Health Care   Education &   Energy   Other
                        Fiscal Relief        Science        Vulnerable                      Training

* In Billions
Slicing $787 Billion
        Highlighted Areas               Allocation         IT Estimate
        State and Local Stabilization      $ 114 Billion
        Broadband                          $ 7.2 Billion         $ 5.5 Billion
        K-12 Education                      $ 56 Billion       $ 620 Million
        Transportation                      $ 48 Billion                     TBD
        Smart Grid                          $ 11 Billion         $ 2.2 Billion
        Health IT                           $ 19 Billion       $ 13.5 Billion
        Public Works (Construction)        $ 100 Billion                     TBD
        Clean Energy/ Clean Water          $ 42 Billion                      TBD
        Original R&D/ Fed IT Infra         $ 4.7 Billion         $ 1.2 Billion
                                                     Source: White House/ ARRA, 2009
Funding Flows

    Competitive                                             Discretionary
                             Direct Aid
      Grants                                                   Grants

    State / Local
                                                            State / Local
    Governments     States                Cities/Counties
Existing Channels/ Partnerships
  Administered separately across 15 federal
   agencies, 215 funding lines and 86 grant
  Can be combined in creative ways that
   demonstrate the whole really is more than the
   sum of the parts.
  That will necessarily include bringing something
   to the table, including but not limited to local
   resources and collaboration agreements that
   reflect that the proposal is a priority to the
   requesting communities.
Existing Contracting Vehicles
 Aggregation Vehicle                                States    Counties   Cities
 State Term/ Convenience Contracts                      95%        90%       93%
 US Communities Program                                  5%        50%       26%
 Western States Contract Association                    55%        40%       58%
 General Services Administration (GSA)                  55%        80%       71%
 Other                                                  32%        50%       38%
 Source: Center for Digital Government, 2008-2009

  80% of purchases come through term or convenience contracts
The Bottlenecks
                   Year 1 Expenditures (after
                   adjusting for tax incentives): ~
                   $120 Billion.
                   Stimulus coincides with
                   procurement reform and small
                   business preferences.
                   Spending must be (a) fast, (b) wise
                   and (c) transparent – pick your
                   Wild Cards: Hoarding, swapping
                   and an a la carte approach
Certifiably Stimulative
       States have a 45-day window -- until April 3, 2009 -- to certify that they will
        "request and use" stimulus.
       To date, Connecticut, Illinois, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan, New
        Hampshire, Ohio, Oregon, Texas, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming have
       Reticence to accept all stimulus funds may stem from bow wave from one
        time money.
       Risk that states will divert, delay and hoard
Transparency and Accountability
 • 16 States Will Receive Bi-Monthly             States          States
   Spending Reviews                              Arizona         Mississippi

    – U.S. Government Accountability             California      New Jersey
      Office (GAO) picked 16 states to           Colorado        New York
      monitor spending                           Florida         North Carolina
 • Accountability                                Georgia         Ohio
    – States are concerned with lack of          Illinois        Pennsylvania
      funding dedicated to accountability        Iowa            Texas
      and oversight
                                                 Massachusetts   Washington, D.C.
    – Decline in staffing hinders capabilities
    – Differing accounting software may
      pose difficulties
Criminal Justice and the ‘Stim’
Governors can choose to spend 18.2 percent, or $8.8 billion, of their portion of the $53.6 Billion Stabilization Fund
allotment on public safety. Other provisions for the benefit of criminal justice and law enforcement:
 $1 billion for checked baggage and checkpoint explosives detection machines
 $730 million on border and port security
 $150 million on public transportation and railroad security
 $500 million for wildfire mitigation;
 $210 million in firefighter assistance grants for building new facilities or modernizing older ones.
 $1 billion to fund 5,500 local police officers through Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) program
 $2 billion in the Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grants (JAG) program -- 60 percent to the states and 40 percent
     to local law enforcement efforts.
 $225 million in Violence Against Women Act Grants.
 $100 million through OJP for grants to assist victims of crime
 $225 million for tribal law enforcement assistance
 $50 million for the Internet Crimes Against Children Task Forces.
 $390 million from OJP for local law enforcement assistance
 $125 million targeted for rural areas
 $40 million for the Southern border
Electronic Health Records
 Defining “Meaningful Use”
   – Meaningful use must be demonstrated…but first, it must be defined
   – Discussions surrounding the definition are ongoing
   – Definition will determine how HIT is deployed
   – Industry groups are submitting their definitions which
       • Adopting CCHIT as the certified EHR standard
       • EHRs being used to e-prescribe
       • A phased approach to adoption
       • Connection to a health information exchange (HIE) or alternative
         connection methods in the short-term while HIE is in development
       • Interoperability
Electronic Health Records

 State Plans
   – California, New York have proposed health information technology
     infrastructure plans
   – Other states have started their infrastructure plans.
   – New York
       • HEAL NY Phase 10 $60 million to improve care for patient-centered
         medical homes using health information technology
   – California
       • Johan Frohlich appointed as Deputy Secretary for Health
         Information Technology, Health and Human Services
Health Information Technology
  Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology
  • Health IT Standards Committee has been created to recommend, implement
      specs and certify criteria for the electronic exchange and use of Health
      Information Technology.
  • $2 billion - Funded through the ONCHIT
  • Decision Makers: Membership of the Health IT Standards Committee
  Electronics Health Records Incentives for Professionals affiliated with Medicine
      Advantage Plans
  • To encourage the adoption and meaningful continued uses of electronic
      health records.
  • Limited to $17 billion distributed in Medicaid Payments.
  • Decision Makers: HHS Secretary

 Hearings are being held
   – $4.7 Billion- Broadband Technology Opportunity Program (BTOP)
   – $2.5 Billion- Distance Learning and Telemedicine Program
   – Congress’ priority is to ensure schools, community centers
     universities, hospitals and public safety personnel have
     high-speed access
   – NTIA is currently consulting with states, FCC and RUS
   – Developing a common application form for both programs
 National Telecommunications & Information Administration
    – $4.7 Billion- Broadband Technology Opportunity Program (BTOP)
    – Encouraging local government partnerships

    – Defining “broadband”, “unserved” and “underserved”
    – Deciding what applications to fund
    – Seeking applicants that:
        • Deliver an affordable service to the greatest population of users in an area
        • Enhance healthcare, education in an area
        • Socially/Economically small businesses
        • Greatest broadband speeds to the greatest areas
        • Hoping to make broadband available for:
               –   Video conferencing
               –   Smart grids
               –   Health IT
               –   Research and science
NTIA: Broadband
    – A Notice of Funding Availability (NOFA) will be released in roughly two
      months detailing:
        • Application process
        • Requirements and progress reports
        • Job creation measurements

 • Funding in three waves
    – Early Fall 2009
    – Fall/Winter 2009
    – Spring 2010
Broadband Grant Opportunities
 Broadband Technology Opportunities Program (TOP)
 • To accelerate broadband deployment in un-served and underserved areas
 • $4.7 billion Competitive Grant Program
 • Decision Maker: National Telecommunications & Information Administration
 Distance Learning, Telemedicine & Broadband Program
 • To support grants, loans and loan guarantees for broadband infrastructure through
     the Department’s Rural Utilities Service Broadband Loan Program
 • $2.5 billion in Grants & Loans
 • Decision Maker: Secretary of Agriculture

 State Progress
   – States are planning highway projects
      • Repairs, restoration construction projects
   – Projects must be approved by Federal Department of
      • Priority given to projects that can be completed in three years
      • Priority given to economically distressed areas
   – Few projects have started
      • According to the GAO, only $6.4 billion of the $26.6 Billion has
        been obligated
Education Technology Opportunities
  Enhancing Education Through Technology
  • To improve student achievement through use of technology in elementary and
       secondary schools.
  • $650 million in Formula Grants
  • Decision Maker: Office of Elementary & Secondary Schools
  Institute Of Education Sciences
  • For statewide data systems that include postsecondary and workforce information
  • $250 million in Discretionary / Competitive Grants
  • Decision Maker: Office of Post Secondary Education
  IDEA Part C
  • To assist states to maintain and implement a statewide coordinated, multi-disciplinary,
       interagency system to provide early intervention for infants and families with
  • $500 million in Grants to States
  • Decision Maker: Office of Special Education
Green Information Technology
  Facility Infrastructure Investments
        – To provide funding for facility sustainable restoration and modernization
             associated with maintaining physical structures at Department of Defense post,
             camps and stations.
        – $4.2 Billion in total to all branches of Service.
  Federal Building Fund
        – To carry out for the purpose of Federal Building Fund for modernization and repair.
        – $5.5 billion
        – Decision Maker: General Service Administration
  Department of Homeland Security Headquarters
        – To provide funding, planning, design, construction, site security, information
             technology infrastructure, fixtures and related cost to consolidate the Department
             of Homeland Security Headquarters.
        – $200 Million discretionary
        – Decision Maker: Office of Undersecretary for Management
What is the Projected Timeline for Funds to
be Made Available to States and Localities?

   • About 90% of ARRA funding in FY 2009 will be provided to
     states and localities in the health, transportation and
     education programs.

   • In FY 2010 and FY 2011 ARRA funds are targeted towards
     establishing capabilities to develop and promote long term
     economic growth including alternative energy and smart grid
     technology; Health IT; broadband deployment and access;
     high speed rail; funding for research and development.

Deadlines: 2009
  Date         Program                      Description            Funding
  May 18th     Health IT                    Deadline for program   N/A
  May 18th     National Surface             Grant criteria due.    $1.5 billion
               Transportation System
  June 17th    High Speed Rail              Deadline for grant     $8 billion
  June 30th    Highway Infrastructure       Deadline to obligate   N/A
                                            50% of funds.
  July 1st     State Fiscal Stabilization   Phase two award of     N/A
                                            SFSF funds.
  July 10th    State Report                 1st quarterly report   N/A
  October 10th State Report                 2nd quarterly report   N/A
Deadlines: 2010
  Date         Program                  Description             Funding
  Feb. 17th    Clean Drinking Water     Deadline for beginning $6 billion
               Funds                    construction for priority
  Feb 17th     National Surface         Grant awards            $1.5 billion
               Transportation           announced.
  March 2nd    Highway Infrastructure   Deadline for funds to be N/A
               Investment               obligated.
  Sept. 30th   NTIA Broadband (BTOP)    Deadline for awards.    $4.35 billion
  Sept. 30th   COPS grants              End of additional       $1 billion
  Sept. 30th   ARRA Funds               All ARRA funds available N/A
                                        until this date.*
Urgent Start
                                                     NTIA begins series of discussions on
                                                     allocations of its portion of $ 7.2 B in
                                                              broadband funding
                                                                                                           Reporting on
                                                     $ 8.4 B
                                                                                                            grants and
                                   Home                                                                      contracts
                                 Weatheriz                                                                    begins
                                 Released/        $ 610 M
                Reporting                                                                                   financial
                                     UI             NIST
                on use of                                                                                  reports go
                                  Benefits        Research
                  funds                                                                                       public
                                  Increase         Funds

                                                  $ 830 M
           Block                $ 10. 1 B                                                               Plans become
           Grant                Housing                                                                    publicly
          Awards               Assistance                                                                  available

        HR 1                                   $ 155 M               $ 15 B Federal                      Reporting on
                             $ 7.9 B                                    Medical
       signed                                Health Center                                               Entitlement
                             for Job                                   Assistance
         into                                Construction                                                  Funding
                            Creation                                  Percentage
         law                                    Funds                                                       Begins
                                                                    (FMAP) funding

FEBRUARY 2009                          MARCH 2009                                      APRIL 2009   MAY 2009
The Long Runway
      The Office of Management and Budget will issue new
      guidelines on contracting by September 30, 2009.
       “Fair, full and open competition” may attenuate
        process, heightening importance of existing
        vehicles to get money moving.
       It could take 2 – 4 years to spend the first $787
        Billion. There is still time to get aligned….
How do I Get My Share?
 Start Now or Sooner
    • Knowledge is Power
    • Who Makes the Call
 Meet the Criteria
    • Jobs, Jobs, Jobs
    • Get the Guidelines
    • Presidential Priority
    • Not Just a Spreadsheet
    • Funds Provided
State ‘Stim’ Sites and a Tweet
‘Stim’ II and III?

  Line forming for Stim II and maybe even III –
   they are the new spigot
  May not be omnibus as was the original
  The online and paper forms inviting proposals
   that have proliferated around Congress and
   around state capitols point to a sequel.
Four Reasons to Take a Pass
  No such thing as free money: unprecedented
   reporting and accountability requirements
  Big league competition: Those taking a flyer
   need not apply
  Don’t apply if you can’t get out of your own
  Too busy and/or constrained to do anything
   with it even if you received Stim funds

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