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Drunk Driving

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									Substance Abuse and Crime
                        and
           Victims of Crime
 Substance Abuse: (chemical use that impairs
  normal human functioning)
 Contributes to many social problems
  • Breakup of families
  • Decreased productivity in industry
  • Injuries in the workplace
  • Automobile crashes
  • Criminal activity
 Most   widely abused substance in the U.S. due
  to it being socially acceptable
 Alcoholism can lead to many problems
  • 10 % of work-related injuries
  • 40 % of suicide attempts
  • Spouse, significant other, child abuse (65 % of the
    victims who suffered from violence reported alcohol as
    a factor)
  • Committing crimes (40 % of violent crimes had
    alcohol as a factor)
 Drunk Driving: operating a motor vehicle while
 under the influence of alcohol
  • DUI: Driving under the influence
  • DWI: Driving while intoxicated
 BAC(Blood Alcohol Concentration): indicates the
 grams per deciliter (g/dl) of alcohol in the blood.
  • Can be determined through breath, urine, or blood
    samples
  • A person is intoxicated if the BAC is 0.10 g/dl or
    greater
  • A person is impaired if the BAC is between 0.01 g/dl
    and 0.09 g/dl
  • BAC levels vary from state to state
 Penalties for driving under the influence
   • Fine
   • Enrollment in a DWI school
   • Community service
   • License suspended (taken away for a period of time)
   • License revoked (permanently taken away)
   • Jail sentenced (some laws require a minimum term)
 A person can have any combination of these
  penalties.
 Repeat offenders receive stiffer penalties
 A person may choose not to take an alcohol test
 However, most states have an implied consent
  law
   • The driver agrees to submit to a BAC test in
     exchange for the privilege of driving
   • Most states refusal to take the test could
     result in immediate suspension of the driver’s
     license for a certain period.
 Teens who drink and drive have a greater risk of
  being injured or killed due to being less-
  experienced drivers and their bodies are
  affected faster by alcohol
 Organizationsare around to help reduce
 drunk driving and to provide assistance to
 individuals who are victims of drunk-driving
 crashes
  • Mothers against Drunk Driving (MADD)
  • Students Against Destructive Decisions (SADD)
  • Remove Intoxicated Drivers
  • National Coalition to Prevent Impaired Driving
      provide greater public awareness of the
 Helps
 dangers of drinking and driving
 Illegal drug intake has lead to a dramatic increase in
  criminal activity
 Between 50 to 75 % of persons taken into the
  criminal justice system test positive for one or more
  drugs at the time of their arrest.
 Controlled Substances Act: federal drug law that
  classifies drugs into five groups, depending on
  medical use (if any), potential for abuse, and
  capability to create physical or psychological
  addiction.
  • The penalties and criminal sanctions are different for each
    of the five groups
 Federaland state laws are now carrying
 harsher penalties
  • Under federal law and in some states, those found
    guilty of being major drug traffickers may face a
    sentence of “life without parole.”
  • Some states treat simple possession of even small
    amounts of certain types of drugs as felonies.
    debate going on over whether some drugs
 Big
 should be legalized (marijuana)
 Each  year, more than 36 million Americans are
  victimized by crime.
 Teens are more likely to be the victims of crime than
  people in any other age group.
 Except for rape and sexual assault, males are more
  frequently the victims of every form of violent crime.
 Persons from lower-income households were more
  likely to be crime victims that those with higher
  incomes.
 Members of minority groups, urban dwellers, and
  those who rent their homes were more likely to be
  victims of crime.
   There is help out here for victims
     • Most states have victim assistance programs that
       provide victims with counseling, medical care, and
       other services/benefits.
     • Most states have victim compensation laws that
       provide financial help for victims: paying medical
       bills, making up lost salary, and in come cases paying
       funeral costs.
     • Courts can order restitution (criminals pay back or
       compensate the victims of their crimes).
     • Victim advocacy groups that help victims through their
       trauma and also to protect the rights of victims (ex.
       MADD)
 Two different views on what to do if you
 believe you are about to become the victim of
 a crime
 • 1st: you should not fight back
 • 2nd: you should resist the assailant
    If you choose this option, be prepared to risk injury or your
     life. Make sure you know your limitations.
    If the assailant has a weapon, you should assume that it is
     going to be used.
 • General rule: criminals do not want an audience so if
   you are able to scream or blow a whistle do so.
 • Call the police as soon as you can.
 To   reduce the risk of crime, follow these rules:
  • Report suspicious activity to the police.
  • Lock your doors (dead-bolt lock with a one-inch bolt on
      each outside door is suggested) and windows
  •   Beware of high-crime areas (dark and deserted streets,
      parking lots, parking garages, bus stops, etc.)
  •   Try to have someone with you at night.
  •   Don’t flash money in public.
  •   When on vacation: Stop mail delivery or have a neighbor
      collect the mail and use a timer to turn on lights at night.
  •   If you return home and think that someone has broken in,
      do not enter it but call the police.
  •   If someone knocks on your door, do not open it until you
      are sure who is outside.
   If you are a victim or a witness to a crime do the following:
     • Stay calm
     • Call the police immediately!
     • If anyone is hurt, ask for an ambulance
     • Always report a crime.
     • When the police arrive, tell them exactly what you saw
       and what happened (if possible write down as much info.
       As you can before they arrive).
        Age, height, clothing, facial description, etc. of the
         criminal
        If the criminal drove away in a car: make, model, color,
         license #, and the direction of travel.

								
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