语法填空课件

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语法填空课件 Powered By Docstoc
					Jane stopped where a small crowd of
 men had gathered.She found some
 good quality pipes _______sale.She did
 not hesitate for long:although her father
 smoked a pipe only once in a while,she
 knew that this was a present which was
 bound to please ________
 高考新题
 型:
完 型 填 空
      完型填空题—概况

在2010 年湖南高考英语试题中,作为完型填
空的第二部分,是在一篇约200词、难度适中
的短文中,挖出8个空格,每空1.5分,满分
12分。在没有单词和汉语意义提示的前提
下,根据上下文语境填写一个最恰当单词。
出题一般涉及以下几个方面:
 1. 判断实词的意义和词形
 2. 固定短语和习惯搭配
 3. 冠词和代词的用法
 4. 连词和介词的用法
  完形填空题—解题步骤

 1、浏览全文 把握语篇
 2、边读边填 先易后难
 3、验证复查 清除难点
Skills on cloze test
(the second part)
1. 判断词义
2. 判断词性
3. 判断词形
I:判断词义:

                                   ____
There is something wrong with her roof of the
wooden house. Rain comes down through it onto
the floor.
 1. 语境法
 Miss Germaine’s mother looked sad through the
           while
 wedding while Mr. Cordell’s parents are reported
 to be _______________ joyful
        happy/ delighted/
2.对比法
连词:
but, or,while/whereas,
副词however, on the contrary, on the other
hand, nevertheless , similarly / alike/ likewise
·The museum is so _____
                   large     that it will be impossible
to see all the exhibits in one day.
3. 因果法
连词:so, so…that, such…that, because
副词或短语: thus, as a result, therefore, consequently,
 on account of, owing to, thanks to, because of
· We are all in the position of the________. If
                                     farmer
we plant a good seed, we will get a good
harvest. If our seed is poor, we’ll get a useless
crop. If we don’t plant anything, we’ll harvest
nothing at all.
4. 联想法 根据生活或科普常识的联想来确定词义
 5.习语句式法
                                             from
As is well-known, sunglasses protect us ______
   the strong sunshine.
A nest is to a birdwhat
                     _______a house is to a man.
I was about to go out for a walk _____ it began to
                                    when
   rain.
as a matter of fact, by the way ,instead of, in the
direction, without doubt, no wonder, no way, earn
one’s living, keep one’s word, make up one’s mind,
be proud of,, come form, congratulate on, devote…
to, to tell you the truth, frankly speaking 等。常考的
句型搭配有:so/such…that, it is… (for sb. ) to do
sth. , there is no doubt that, there is no sense/ point
in doing sth. , be about to do sth. …When…等。
6. 逻辑关系法。考生要学会正确恰当地使用那些表示逻辑关系的
  关联词,使文章前后连贯,机构紧凑,过渡自然。
_______________there was no men who saw any of
Though/Although
the fights, we can be told by the animals’ footprints
that fight did take place.
时间:when, while, as, before, after, until, not…until, since
条件: if, unless,
让步: though, although, as, even though, even if
方式: as, as if/as though
地点: where
比较: more…than, as…as, not so…as, the same as,
原因: because, as, for, since
结果: so that, such that
目的so…that, such…that, in order that
II:判断词性
            形容词或名词
·修饰名词,前面就要用______________;

· 修饰动词或整个句子就要用_____;副词

· 作谓语通常用动词;
· 作主语或宾语通常用名词或代词;
               形容词
· 连系动词后面通常用________而不能用副词。
       delightedly/
             __________at his wife when he heard
1. He lookedwith delight
  the good news.
              delighted
2. He looked _________at the good news on the
  radio..
III.判断词形
 词形变化主要涉及动词、代词、形容词、副词和名词。
              可数还是不可数
·所填的词是名词时,就要考虑是_________;
     比较级和最高级
·形容词有_________;
·动词就要更加小心,首先要判断是谓语动词还是非谓语动
词,主动还是被动,是现在分词还是过去分词,还是不
定式;
        主格      宾格
·代词则要考虑是______还是______。cheapest
Of the MP3s we bought ,mine is the _______. It
only costs me 100 yuan.
When we got there ,to our disappointment, we
found the situation was much ________than
                               worse
expected
Conclusion:
              语境法
1. 判断词义       对比法
              因果法
              联想法
              逻辑法
              习语法

2. 判断词性
3. 判断词形
Sentence Practice:
1. This washing machine is environmentally
                            less
friendly because it uses ________ water and
electricity than older models.(北京)
2. Being too anxious to help an event develop
        results
often _______ in the contrary to our intention.
(2008广东)
3.The head of the village was tying up his horse
                         a
to my car to pull it to ____ small town some 20
kilometers away ________ there was a garage.
                     where
(2007广东)
 Passage Practice:
    One day a rich man took his son on a trip to the
country. He wanted to show his son how the poor lived
so he could be thankful 48 for his wealth.
They spent a couple of days and nights on the farm of
49 what would be considered a poor family.
On their return the father asked his son to explain what
he had learnt. The boy, who had remained silent and
deep in thought on the journey home, 50replied     in a
way that shocked his father.
    The boy said he wanted to become a farmer. He
envied the farmers who had the beautiful night stars to
give them light 51 while his family had only expensive
lanterns. His wish was to have a farm 52 where he
could go swimming in an endless river instead of the
garden pool in their home. Finally he asked his father,
"What makes us safer, large walls around our house
53 or friends that will protect us?"
   The boy finished by saying, “54 Before the trip I
thought we were rich but today I learnt who is
55 truly rich”. With this the boy got up and walked
away, leaving his father sitting on their comfortable sofa,
totally speechless.
Designing blanks by yourselves:
       Snake dishes have become popular in recent years.
    Snake meat in various flavors is often seen in restaurant
    ads. Eating snakes seem to be now in vogue, and if you
    haven’t eaten snake yet, you are considered “out of date”.
                           yet
    But I wonder whether all the trends are worth following.
                                             worth
      Some people may defend themselves by saying that
                                But
    snake meat is nutritious. But these people don’t realize that
    many parasites, which do harm to our health, are found
    inside snakes.
      According to a survey, about 1000 tons of snake are
    eaten every year in china and sometimes as many as 10
    tons of snakes are served on dinner tables in Shenzhen in
    a single day!
      These figures warn us that if no action is taken, the
    number of snakes will drop and make an increase in mice
    and worms population, which will result in a decrease of
    crop output. Who will see such tragedy happen?
      So let’s start not to eat snake any more, because “to
    protect the snake is to protect ourselves”.
Thank you !
 Success ahead!

				
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posted:10/22/2012
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