5.Translating Long Sentences
5.1 English long sentences:
The United States pays for Brazilian
coffee with dollars, which Brazil can
then use to purchase wool from
Australia, which can likewise buy
textiles from Great Britain, which can
import tobacco from the United States
in the same way.
Monetarists, led by University of Chicago Professor
Emeritus Friedman armed themselves with
evidence showing that free markets on their
own produce as much growth and
employment as an economy can sustain.
5.2 Classifying English long sentences:
Some people think modern economies
can just close the gates, but the
movement of capital and ideas knows
Some invest only in government
bonds; others are slightly riskier,
going into corporate borrowings.
It is a good thing that they have
reached an agreement on the style of
the dresses ordered.
Operating processes define how
a company produces, sells,
distributes and supports its
products and services.
Management processes define
how a company directs, co-
ordinates and controls these
The result is that suits
have become less a
uniform than an
expression of individual
The fact that supermarket chains are
running risks entering their unfamiliar
area made experts worry.
Thus, hierarchical control is only effective in
relatively stable business environment
where change happens slowly.
A small unit was set up in the
Association to prepare for an
international conference on
the problems already
mentioned, which is to take
place in Rome, in September
If the beast of inflation escapes, the increase
in interest rates needed to recapture it will
then have to be bigger.
They will be given an informal oral test during
the first week in May so that we can decide
the best class fit for them.
It is important to sound
interested, helpful and
alert when you answer
The country’s economy has emerged from
recession because the government adopted
some flexible policies.
Although the net will change
the way of the world, today’s
pioneering Internet companies
are unlikely ever to earn the
vast profits needed to justify
their current share prices.
They track how unemployment has changed
over time in the sample as a whole, and
then they look at how its evolution differs
across countries, according to how rigid their
labor markets are.
5.3 Basic methods of translating long
By comparison the machinery which it
replaced was capable of producing only 257
million eggs annually.
The very important oil industry, which
has done much to rejuvenate the
economy of the South since the end of
World War II, made considerable
headway especially in the five states of
Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi,
Oklahoma and Texas.
That was a principle that Apple
tragically failed to understand when it
backed off from licensing its graphic
computer interface, assuring that its
market share would be savaged by
Microsoft’s more open Window
5.3.3 Keeping the order:
You may have to make or receive calls to or
from regular customers and prospective
customers, so a good telephone manner not
only makes an impression in business, but
also helps to make money.
The statement declared that
the international economic
order must be changed or the
gap between developed and
developing countries would
continue to widen.
5.3.4 Changing the order:
He was puzzled that I did not want the job
that was obviously a “step” toward what all
Americans are taught to want when they
grow up: money and power.
It can be frustrating that you
have to rely on other people to
translate your ideas into reality.
A World Bank report released at the time of
the conference, which ended on 10
November, insists that Vietnam’s overall
growth will depend more on its own policies
than on the volume of external financing.
Publication of the minutes, for instance,
would be warranted above all if they
contained key information not obtainable
in any other way.
Combination of different
I would like to point out, however, that our
contract does state quite clearly that in the
event of unforeseen circumstances, we
cannot be held liable if we are unable to
meet agreed delivery dates.
Some economists argue that, because of
uncertainties about whether and how the
relationship between growth and inflation
has changed, and because forecasters
have consistently overestimated inflation
and underestimated growth in recent
years, the Federal Reserve Board is still
right to play safe until more data confirm
that inflation is reviving.
• It is a melancholy object to those who
walk through this great town or travel in
the country, when they see the streets,
the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with
beggars of the female sex, followed by
three, four, or six children, all in rags and
importuning every passenger for an alms.这
• It is a melancholy object to those who walk
through this great town or travel in the country,
when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin
doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex,
followed by three, four, or six children, all in
rags and importuning every passenger for an
Ex2. Translate the
There are various categories of
bag ladies: those who live on the
streets, claiming they enjoy the
freedom from constraints of
society; those who became
homeless because a relative died
or because they couldn‘t keep up
rent payments, and they didn’t
know where to go or how to
apply for relief; and quasi bag
ladies who have an anchor point -
-a sister or brother whom they
can visit once in a while to take a
It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the
great task remaining before us -- that from
these honored dead we take increased
devotion to that cause for which they gave
the last full measure of devotion -- that we
here highly resolve that these dead shall not
have died in vain -- that this nation, under
god, shall have a new birth of freedom, --
and that government of the people, by the
people, for the people, shall not perish from