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					 The POWER of
PARTNERSHIPS
Reflections on addressing Papua New
     Guinea’s Social Challenges

         Carol KIDU DBE MP
Minister for Community Development
 Respect and Gratitude
  Pari Village in 1960s

                              DOBI VAGI RAHOBADA
                              Late mother-in-law and mentor




DABA NAMONA BONA VAGUTU MAGE - GOOD MORNING!
        “The Best is Yet to Come”
                                  Ivan Pomaleu, IPA

“The business outlook and international demand for
  what PNG has got will continue. The Medium Term
  development Strategy is an appropriate strategy, but
  it’ll take time.”
                            Business Advantage: Papua New Guinea 2008


But the BEST for WHOM and HOW?
Responding to that question is perhaps government’s
   biggest challenge – How can the rhetoric of our National
   Goals about equality and access to equitable and
   sustainable development for ALL become reality?
If PNG can rise to this challenge, the future does indeed
   look very good for Papua New Guinea.
   ‘Re-imagining’ Papua
        New Guinea
Complexities of social development issues
Where we are now with new social policies
Possibilities for Powerful Partnerships
Complexities of social
development issues
              Papua New Guinea
Land of complex challenges
•   6 million people speaking over 800 languages
•   Majority scattered in isolated communities
•   Low literacy levels, generally poor transport and
    communication infrastructure
•   Poor access to quality education and health services with
    HIV epidemic to add to malaria and TB
•   Social dysfunction and new patterns of violence
•   Poor socio-economic indicators
•   Traditional lifestyles coming face to face with the
    bulldozers of socio-economic and cultural globalization
    etc etc
But a land of great opportunities with abundant natural
  resources and a rich diversity of indigenous cultures
UNDERLYING PREMISE – a THIN VENEER

- introduced socio-economic, religious and cultural
   paradigms are a thin veneer over a multitude of
   traditional cultural psychologies and lifestyles.

-   limited understanding of the impact of the
    interactions between the layers and multiplicity
    of culture

-   need for further sociological research to
    underpin policy and legislative interventions
    Underlying social challenges

   Dichotomy of old and new social systems -
    relationships V institutions

   Assumptions about a ‘Melanesian way’ and
    simplistic view of traditional society and
    culture

   Misinterpretation and abuse of culture and
    customs is having negative social outcomes
  Re-imagining Papua New Guinea
Need to define the future from the past
Strengthen the intergenerational and extended family
as the foundation of society with emphasis on
traditional values of reciprocity, collective effort and
communal responsibility


Promote the intangible aspects of custom and culture
as well as the tangible aspects with an emphasis on
values education


Create a learning society that respects old and new
knowledge for the benefit of individual and national
development
Discourage belief systems based on fear and
jealousy (sorcery and payback)

Harmonise tribal psychology into a national
psychology fostering respect for universal rights
as well as acceptance of diversity

Move from semi-subsistence (informal) economy
to a commercial (formal) economy in a nation of
landowners

Develop protocols which recognise the moral,
intellectual and cultural rights of the indigenous
tribes as the owners of their knowledge
    Need to balance macro- and micro-
        level development efforts
   Not enough focus on the micro-issues which require
    endless patience and dialogue

   Export driven macro-economy but the majority of
    indigenous resource owners become dependent
    spectators – lack the knowledge and skills to be
    meaningful participants in the economic boom

   Economic opportunities usually based on western
    capitalist structures applied to non-western settings.
    Western time-frames with outcomes driven projects
    and indigenous processes are rarely compatible
       Rethinking Development
   Just and lasting developmental change can only be
    achieved when communities own their future.

   Sustainability is a social process

   Sustainability is based on cultural understanding and
    cultural relevance

   Development in PNG has a history of mismatched
    expectations and priorities with disappointing
    outcomes
WHAT ARE WE GOING TO DO?
    CHOICES WE CAN MAKE

1.   Throw up our hands in despair

2.   Bury our heads in the sand

3.   Get involved
Papua New Guinea’s
new & revised social
development policies
STABILITY created POLICY OPPORTUNITIES
New Integrated Community Development Policy
• Revised Sports FOR Development Policy

• New Early Childhood Care and Development Policy

• Revised National Youth Development Policy

• Policy for People Living with Disabilities

• Revised Women’s Policy in progress

• New Children’s Policy in progress

• New Elderly Policy in progress

• New Strongim Gutpela Sindaun Policy planned
 PLUS………………
MAJOR NEW LAND POLICY REFORM lead by the
 National Land development Taskforce


And new policies on URBANISATION and on the
  INFORMAL ECONOMY

Lots of hard work and new policies

BUT does the Government have the capacity to
  implement them and do the people have the right
  mind-set to accept them?
       Need to change Mind-sets
From dependency                            To Re-empowerment
                                                      LIFE-LONG LEARNING
                                                      (functional literacy,
                     HAND-OUTS                        vocational and marketing
                                                      skills training)




                                        for ALL for

with no monitoring

                                                            poverty reduction
                     increase poverty
                                                            and sustainable
                     & dependency                           development


From ‘cargo-cult’ development to community development
    Engagement and Connectivity
Government’s                                Partnerships are
capacity to connect        National
                                            needed to make it
and engage at                               happen
community level is        Provincial
limited
                           District


                      Local Level / Wards




                       Communities
INTEGRATED COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT
  USING THE DISTRICT FOCAL POINT TO
  CONNECT PEOPLE WITH GOVERNMENT
        NATIONAL                               DFCD


       PROVINCE                    PDCD                           NGOs

                                                          PROV
                                                           T.T           churches
       DISTRICTS TRAINING TEAMS


     DIST.1         DIST.2     DIST.3     DIST.4     DIST.5         DIST.6      DIST.7

                                                                                         HIV/AIDS
       WARDS                              WARD 1         WARD 2
                                                                                         SAFE MOTHERHOON
                                                                                         MALARIA
                                                                                         PREVENTIVE HEALTH
      VILLAGES                            C’TEE


              CDV        CDV        CDV            CDV        CDV            CDV
                                                                                         GOVERNANCE
                                                                                         LEARNING
                                                                                         ECONOMY
                        5-10                5-10                     5-10                ENVIRONMENT
                       HOME                HOME                     HOME
Community Learning and Development Centres (CLDC) to strengthen
existing development activities of churches, NGOs and private sector
     within a national Integrated Community Development Policy

                                                                CLDC
                           DISTRICT
                         FOCAL POINT
                     Development & Resource
CLDC                 Centre to connect with
                     CLDCs to disseminate             Resource
                     learning activites and map       people &
                     community development            volunteers
                                                      network
                                                      between
                                                      District
                                                      Focal Point
                                                      and CLDCs


   CLDC
                                                         CLDC
                                  CLDC
The POWER of PARTNERSHIPS


    National, provincial and
    District Government Input

 DISTRICT FOCAL POINT
                             Donors, private sector,
                            NGOs, other partners

       Strengthen
       CLDCs run
       by churches
       and CBOs
THE KEY IS IN THE COMMUNITY
                OPEN STRATEGY

                0     =   OWNERSHIP
                P     =   PARTNERSHIPS
                E     =   EMPOWERING & ENABLING
                N     =   NETWORKING & SHARING

There is a need for a paradigm shift in attitudes at
all levels so that our families and communities
have access to opportunities to take ownership of
development and build their communities from
inside out (using an OPEN Strategy)
Possibilities for
Powerful Partnerships
  Skills training for
 women (and youth)
in informal business
      is already a
      partnership
     development
Partnership with
Queensland State Library


A private sector partnership with PNG
government could strengthen that
partnership as we aim to establish 89
District Learning Centres




                                        Opening of Kubin Indigenous
                                        Knowledge Centre, Moa
                                        Island, Torres Straits
“How will the future judge us if we
  do not respond, knowing that we
  had the tools in front of us?”

           Kate Carr, Ex-President & CEO
                            Call to Action
The babies and mothers, the
children and the elderly are
the most vulnerable.
Will PNG’s economic boom
benefit the most vulnerable?
The CHALLENGE OF MAKING IT HAPPEN




 THE OPPORTUNITY OF NEW PARTNERSHIPS
DEVELOPMENT IS A PROCESS NOT A PRODUCT

				
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posted:10/22/2012
language:English
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