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Introduction to Arthur Miller and The Crucible

VIEWS: 28 PAGES: 10

									"The Crucible PowerPoint." Preble's Literature Lounge. Web. 11 Mar
     2010. <http://lpreble.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/crucible.ppt>.
This is the basis for Arthur
Miller’s screenplay, The
Crucible. Who was
executed, why?
-In the 1600s, Puritans settled on the
East coast of the United States.
-They brought with them the hope of
religious freedom, but instead became
embroiled in hysteria over the existence
of witches.
-They had been persecuted in their
native England, but they created a
theocracy and eventually persecuted
others.
                          -Most of those accused
                          of being witches were
                          women.
                          -Many were healers, and
                          used plants to heal
                          people.

-Many were without family, and this made them
easy targets.
-They were people who did not fit in with the
mainstream for some reason.
Why did it happen?
 -It began as a way for the oppressed girls to
 avoid being punished.
 -It then became an ideal way to get revenge
 on anyone whom you disliked.
 -People started accusing their neighbors of
 being witches so they could steal their
 farmland.
 -People accused others of being witches if
 they wanted to steal their husbands or
 wives or possessions.
    Arthur Miller


 Born in New York in the family of
   Isidore, a moderately rich jewish
   ladies wear manufacturer and
   shopkeeer, and Augusta Miller;
 His family was ruined in the Great Depression and
  he had to work in automobile parts warehouse to
  earn money for college
 Studied journalism, but graduated in English from the
  University of Michigan. His decision to become a
  writer was under the impression of Dostoevski’s The
  Brothers Karamazov
 Married his college sweetheart Mary Slattery.
  The Purpose Behind The Crucible
     The Crucible was written by Arthur Miller
in 1953 as an allegory for McCarthyism or the
so called (second) Red Scare. Miller felt many
personal convictions to McCarthyism as a
result of a multitude of events that happened
in his life. Wanting to point out to the world
the amazing parallel between the unjust
Salem Witch Trials of 1692 and the (second)
Red Scare from 1948 to 1956, Miller wrote The
Crucible to make a powerful statement about
the dangers of hysteria and the dehuman-
ization that can result.
 McCarthy and The “Red Scare”
Senator McCarthy accused many
people— actors, writers, people in
media, people in the military — of
being Communists. He held hearings
where people were commanded to give
names of other Communists in order
for leniency. People were afraid they
might be named as Communists, and it
was called the Red Scare. (‘Red’ was a
word used for a Communist.)
The Crucible was Arthur Miller’s way of
protesting the House Unamerican Activities
Committee hearings. He compared the
Communist hearings to the witch hunts of
Salem, where gossip, rumors, and fear were
evidence enough to convict people.


The term “witch hunt” now applies to any
activity where people are looking for a
scapegoat or where they are using
accusations to get revenge or to get
personal gain or attention.

								
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