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					In Partnership:
ISAIAH
Organizing Apprenticeship Project
PolicyLink



      EQUITABLE RECOVERY IN
      MINNESOTA: TRANSPORTATION



                                    Social Equity Caucus
                                           June 11, 2010
About Us
  ISAIAH is a collection of congregations who have
    committed themselves to each other in order to build
    power for a worldview that prioritizes racial and
    economic justice.

  The Organizing Apprenticeship Project works to
    advance racial, cultural, social and economic justice in
    Minnesota through organizer and leadership training,
    policy research and strategic convening work.

  PolicyLink is a national research and action institute
    advancing economic and social equity by Lifting Up
    What Works®.
Overview of Analysis
   Who benefited from the influx of ARRA transportation dollars
    to MN?
       What types of projects were funded?
       What places were invested in?
       What people benefited from the added jobs and business?
       Was the process equitable?
   What does this tell us about what we need to do to ensure
    transportation investments benefit all communities?
Methodology

   Existing analyses
   Created GIS maps using data on certified transportation
    projects and demographic data
   Data provided by MN/DOT on DBE contracts
   Information from conversations with state employees
   Focus groups
     BACKGROUND
Who benefits and who gets left out?
 The Transportation Challenge
   Automobile-centered transportation policy and system leaves
    many with limited options
       People of color have limited access to cars
       Poverty compounds the problem


   People of color and women are underrepresented in the
    construction field

If you don’t have transportation up here it’s hard to get a job…lot of temp
   services first question is – do you have transportation.
                            - Fredrick (St. Cloud Resident)
  Economic Crisis:
  Unemployment Trends in MN
                                                       Minnesota
                                                   Unemployment Rate
                           9
                                                                                                                 8.4
                           8

                           7
       Unemployment Rate




                           6
                                                                                                        5.3
                           5                                 4.9
                                                    4.5               4.7                      4.5
                           4               3.9                                 4      3.8
                           3      3.1

                           2

                           1

                           0
                               2000     2001     2002     2003     2004     2005   2006     2007     2008     2009


Source: MN Dept. of Economic Development and Employment
  June 2009 Unemployment Rates
    National unemployment rate – 9.5%
Source: U.S. Department of Labor Bureau of Labor Statistics

            African-Americans - 14.7%
            Hispanics - 12.2%
           Source: Center for American Progress




      While everyone is hit by the economic crisis, communities of
                   color are hit far harder than others
Purposes and Principles of ARRA
                        PROJECTS
           Who benefits and who gets left out?


…There is no way to catch a bus straight to north side. We need more
 accessible routes to the Northside, more buses, and lower fares.
                        - Maren (North Minneapolis Resident)
  Overview

    MN Received approximately $600 million in ARRA
     Transportation Funds

    Approximately 7-8% investment in public transit
        Just above the minimum allowable transit investment


    Little to no public input into the project selection process




Source: Transit for Livable Communities
                            PLACES
                          (& PEOPLE)
           Who benefits and who gets left out?

…there’s an equity issue. The high frequency routes are all concentrated
 in SW Minneapolis, which is wealthier, less diverse… So, the pieces of
        the transit that DO work, work better for wealthier areas.
                   -   David (North Minneapolis Resident)
Poverty Rates & ARRA
Transportation
Investments




Investment is not
concentrated in high
poverty counties.
Unemployment & ARRA
Transportation
Investment




Highest investments are
not in counties with highest
unemployment rates.
Poverty & Highway Projects
Highway projects are in the outer
suburban ring - outside of high
poverty areas
People of Color & Highway
Projects
Highway projects are not in
areas with the highest
percentage of people of color
                                   PEOPLE
                (JOBS AND CONTRACTS)
                Who benefits and who gets left out?

…it’s particularly bad for women and people of color [in the construction
  business]. They have this hypothesis, if you are a woman you are not
  cut out to be a construction worker…so you have it harder than men. If
  you are a Latino, you are hard headed and you cross the border
  illegally to come to our country and if you are a Black person, you are
  just a nigger….all these hypothesis and pre-judgment.
- Ariel (Construction worker and graduate of Environmental and Construction Training
    Program)
Who is getting the business & jobs?
   6% of the total dollars under contract as of June 31st were
    benefiting DBE


   900 jobs created/sustained as a result of ARRA


   Unclear who is getting the jobs
Tracking Process

    MN/DOT's Office of Civil Rights regularly collects information
     from contractors on minority and women work hours.

    Information is inputted and analyzed for only one week in the
     year.
           Performance and trends are based on this information.
           Federal government assess the states performance.
           The state assesses contractor performance in relation to set goals.
Source: Hope Jensen, Program Director, MnDOT Office of Civil Rights


           This process does not achieve the goals equal employment opportunity.
July 2009 Participation
   3.3% women participation on MN/DOT projects
       Down from 4.1 % women participation on MN/DOT projects
       an 18 year low.
       Extrapolate: approximately 30 jobs for women from ARRA.


   6.1% people of color working on MN/DOT contracts
       Down from 6.4 % in 2008
       Percentages has remained fairly stagnant since 1992.
       Minorities are nearly 12% of the MN population.
       Extrapolation: approximately 55 jobs for minorities from ARRA.
           PROCESS
(Accountability & Transparency)
    Who benefits? Who is left out?
    Public Input and Transparency

   Limited (if any) public input in the selection of projects.
     Source: Transit for Livable Communities




   Workforce participation information has been difficult to access
   CONCLUSION
Who benefits? Who is left out?
Overview
   Projects:
       Not enough investment in public transit
   Places (& People):
       Investments are not targeting areas hit hardest by recession.
   People (Jobs & Contracts)
       People of color and women are grossly underrepresented in MN
        construction jobs.
       DBE contractors are not seeing large benefits from ARRA.
   Process:
       Limited public input into the decision-making process.
       Workforce participation information is difficult to access.
       Process for monitoring and enforcement not achieving participation goals.
Conclusion
   People of color and low-income people are not receiving the
    maximum benefits of ARRA.
       These people have been disproportionately hit in this recession.
       They have been prioritized in ARRA policy.
   Information on workforce participation and tracking process is
    not publicly accessible.
   Without a commitment to tracking and enforcing EEO
    requirements, ARRA investment will reinforce racial and gender
    disparities.
    Preliminary Recommendations
   Increase investment in public transportation for low-income
    communities.
   Allocate appropriate level of resources towards monitoring of
    workforce participation –hiring and retention.
   Implement effective consequences for non-compliance.
   Establish community oversight committees for major contracts.
   Provide adequate public input in transportation planning and
    decision-making.
   ½ of 1% of projects for recruitment, training, placement and
    retention
   Ensure DBE contractors receive fair share of public investments.
Advocacy + Research
   ISAIAH held meetings with legislators and MN/DOT throughout the
    study and shared early findings
   ISAIAH held community meetings with over 500 people and
    legislators to share preliminary findings
   Transit and Oversight Committee organized a hearing and
    requested a presentation on findings
   Legislators requested MN/DOT to speak to findings of poor
    workforce participation
   MN/DOT recently agreed to allocate ½ of 1% of highway funds
    for workforce development for people of color and women.
       Equals over $6 million over next four years.
Contact Information
 Contact Us
 Doran Schrantz
 ISAIAH
 Co-Director
 schrantz@isaiah-mn.org
 612-333-1260 x211


 Jermaine Toney
 Organizing Apprenticeship Project
 Lead Policy Analyst
 toney@oaproject.org
 612-746-4224


 Shireen Malekafzali
 PolicyLink
 Senior Associate
 shireen@policylink.org
 510-663-2333

				
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