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REALITY THERAPY IN GROUP COUNSELING by missfiza

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									REALITY THERAPY IN GROUP

INTRODUCTIONS
• Founded by William Glasser • Assumption – people strive to gain control of their lives to fulfill their needs • We can control what we are presently doing, and we are not the victims of the past unless we choose to. • An active, directive, structured, psychoeducational, and focuses on doing and action plans.

GOALS
• To guide members toward learning realistic and responsible behaviour. • To assist group members in evaluating their behaviour and in deciding on a plan of action for change.

KEY CONCEPTS
• Human needs and purposeful behaviour
• • • • • Survival Love and belonging Power Freedom Fun

• Existential/phenomenological orientation
• We perceive the world in the context of our own needs • We create our own goals and be responsible for the kind of world we created

• Total behaviour
– We always have control over what we do
• • • • Acting Thinking Feeling Physiology

ROLE AND FUNCTIONS OF A GROUP LEADER
• Encourages members to evaluate their behaviour and make choices that will allow them to fulfill their needs in socially acceptable ways • Helps members by establishing a personal relationship with them and by firmly expecting that they will formulate and implement a plan for change

THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUES AND PROCEDURE
• A wide range of techniques can be used:
– Role-playing – Modeling – Use of humor – Contracts – WDEP model (W=wants; D=direction & doing; E=self-evaluation; P=planning) – Designing specific plans for action


								
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