Winter 2009 Communique - Monterey Institute of International Studies

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					Winter 2009                              Communiqué
                          Incoming MIIS President
Profile                   Sunder Ramaswamy

           anuary was a month for presidential transitions, both in
           Washington, D.C. and here in Monterey. In both cases,
           dynamic figures assumed leadership roles during times that are
           challenging but also full of opportunity.
               Here at the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the
issues are global, both literally and figuratively. Literally, in the sense that
incoming MIIS President Sunder Ramaswamy has assumed leadership
of one of the nation’s premier internationally-focused graduate schools,
with more than 40 languages spoken and more than 70 countries repre-
sented on campus. Figuratively, in the sense that the organization itself
is midway through a major restructuring effort that has seen it affiliate
with Middlebury College in Vermont and launch an ambitious academic
reorganization plan.
    Ramaswamy relishes the challenge. “With big changes come big
opportunities. We have the chance at MIIS today to reshape how we
deliver the high quality academic programs we offer, in order to create
new learning opportunities for our students and ensure MIIS continues to
be a leader in international graduate education.”

From Delhi to Middlebury to Monterey
Ramaswamy is known in academic circles for his scholarly and profes-
sional work in international and development economics, particularly
on economic reform and agricultural development projects in India
and Africa. Before coming to MIIS, Ramaswamy served as Middlebury
College’s Frederick C. Dirks Professor of Economics, the dean for faculty
development and research, chair of the Department of Economics, and
                                                                                   many different audiences, from students and faculty to local community
project director of the Middlebury-Monterey Integration Task Force. The
                                                                                   leaders. While the focus of attention at MIIS for the next 18 months or
latter role afforded him an insider’s perspective on the integration process
                                                                                   so will be the swirl of activity surrounding integration with Middlebury
and the unique qualities of the Institute, and contributed to his appoint-
                                                                                   and academic reorganization, both are in fact milestones along the path
ment as the Institute’s president during a period of significant change.
                                                                                   toward achieving a broader vision.
     In addition to his tenure at Middlebury, Ramaswamy also served for
                                                                                        “We have a unique opportunity at MIIS,” says Ramaswamy, warming
two years as the director of the Madras School of Economics in Chennai,
                                                                                   to a familiar theme. “The Institute is well-known in academic, language
India, one of India’s premier institutions for graduate education and
                                                                                   and international circles for its long-time core strengths in areas like
economics research. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Purdue
                                                                                   translation and interpretation, language education, international busi-
University in 1991, as well as an M.S. from Purdue, an M.A. in econom-
                                                                                   ness, international environmental policy and international policy stud-
ics from the Delhi School of Economics, and a B.A. (with honors) in
                                                                                   ies, not to mention non-proliferation studies. Now that the Institute is
economics from St. Stephen’s College, University of Delhi, India.
                                                                                   financially stable and positioned to grow again, we have the chance to
     While missing the change of seasons he enjoyed while living in
                                                                                   build on those core strengths by fostering a culture of innovation. Today
Vermont for more than 18 years, Ramaswamy admits “I don’t miss driving
                                                                                   we offer an international environmental policy degree, but why not an
on icy roads!” He and his wife Varna have settled quickly into the rhythms
                                                                                   international environmental business degree as well?” With green busi-
of their new life in Monterey, including finding a local international school
                                                                                   ness and technology one of the hottest sectors in a cool economy, the
for their six-year-old son Srivatsan to attend.
                                                                                   opportunity seems clear.
                                                                                        Following on this thought, Ramaswamy suggests how reorganization
The Path Forward
                                                                                   and integration can create new avenues for innovative learning, teaching
Since his arrival as a full-time campus presence on January 5,                     and research. “Both our Translation and Interpretation program and our
Ramaswamy has shared his vision for the future of the Institute with               Language Education programs are among the very best of their kind. It’s

                                              Afghan Visit n Gard in China n Banda Aceh and Beyond
       In this Issue:                     n

                                          n   T & I at the Olympics n New Scholarship Fund n Digital Media
exciting to consider how the two programs working in closer harmony                                                   A key accomplishment in that
will be able to create new synergies—for example, perhaps offering a                                                 regard has been developing a com-
degree in the teaching of translation and interpretation.”                                                           mon understanding of the value
    Ramaswamy recently named the founding deans of the two new                                                       of the rich history and culture and
graduate schools—the School of International Policy and Management                                                   brand that MIIS represents, and
(or SIPM), and the School of Translation, Interpretation and Language                                                what that means both within and
Education (or STILE). The new deans, Yuwei Shi and Renée Jourdenais,
                                                                                                     2               outside of the MIIS community.

are charged with fostering greater interdisciplinary collaboration among                                             “Middlebury and MIIS leadership
the major academic programs offered by MIIS. “We have already begun                                                  worked hand in hand to outline
conversations with the Faculty Senate with the goal of crafting some                                                 our goals and approach going for-
new curricular elements that offer all students at MIIS certain common                                               ward, and both parties appreciated
experiences.”                                                                                                        from start to finish the value of
    The revamped advising structure, to be led by Tate Miller, is another                                            what we called the ‘pragmatic
source of excitement for the new president. “As a professional graduate                                              idealism’ that underlies the
school, our obligation to our students extends beyond simply delivering                                              Institute’s mission and philosophy.”
instruction and granting a degree. Our goal is that, by centralizing our           That discussion spawned the Institute’s new tagline—“be the solu-
advising function and cross-training staff, we will position MIIS to offer     tion.” Who could argue that solutions—especially ones that are both
a level of academic and career support that gives our students the best        innovative and pragmatic—are in high demand in the world today?
opportunity possible to launch successfully into their chosen field when
they graduate.”                                                                Riding The Train, Crossing The River

Integration Approaches                                                         Ramaswamy’s closing thoughts center on two indelible images.
                                                                                    The first sprang from a conversation he had with his predecessor and
All the while, the clock ticks down toward another milestone emblem-           friend, MIIS President Emeritus Clara Yu, during their 2008 transition
atic of the new educational possibilities coming to fruition at MIIS—          period. “Clara used a wonderful analogy when we were working together
the completion of full integration with Middlebury on June 30, 2010.           closely on these issues last fall. What we are doing here, she said, as we
     “Ron (Liebowitz, president of Middlebury College) and I talk regu-        integrate with Middlebury while transforming MIIS—and also continuing
larly about the new avenues of learning we hope to open up for students        with all of our regular academic, research, and professional activities—
and faculty at both Middlebury and MIIS,” says Ramaswamy. “Teaming             is like trying to construct a building on a moving train. Sometimes we
up to create the Middlebury-Monterey Language Academy for middle               might wish the train would stop (or at least slow down) for a while, but it
school students was just the beginning. We are discussing five-year joint      won’t! And so we must pay attention constantly in order to keep our bal-
bachelor’s–master’s options, faculty exchanges and a whole host of other       ance as we speed along toward a new destination.”
ideas that are designed to take advantage of the natural academic                   The second is a sort of intercultural parable Ramaswamy likes to
and intellectual chemistry between Middlebury and MIIS.”                       tell about a pair of very different approaches to economic reform. “The
     Indeed, in March MIIS recruiting staff will make a special presentation   Russians say that ‘you can’t cross a chasm in two jumps’—in other words,
to Middlebury undergraduates about the unique opportunities offered by         the best approach to a big change is shock therapy. The Chinese, on the
the relationship between MIIS and Midd. The presentation will include          other hand, say that ‘the way to cross a rushing river is to feel each pebble
profiles of several Middlebury graduates who are now enrolled at MIIS.         between your toes.’ I think that gradual, sensitive and nimble approach
                                                                               is more effective when working through the sort of all-encompassing
Resource Management Is Key                                                     changes that we are experiencing at MIIS today.”
As with any ambitious plan, the biggest challenge in implementing this
vision will be making sure resources are deployed in a way that allows
innovations to take hold while also meeting ongoing operational needs.
Here Ramaswamy is realistic about what will be required: “One of my
favorite sayings is that vision is a wonderful thing to have—but vision            The Communiqué is published for alumni and friends of the
without resources is a hallucination. Our job is to allocate the resources         Monterey Institute of International Studies by the Office of
available as strategically as we can in order to support our priorities for        Communications.
the Institute.” Ramaswamy is clear about his goals for the outcome of the
reorganization—and reducing costs is not necessarily his focus. “If in two         Editors   Shirley Coly, Beth McDermott, Jason Warburg
years all we have accomplished through this reorganization is increased
                                                                                   Contributing writers    Shirley Coly, Beth McDermott, Erin Morita,
operational efficiencies,” he declares, “it will have been a failure.
                                                                                                           Sarah Tuff, Jason Warburg, Susan Wolfe
Combining schools is not what this plan is about; we are trying to create
new entities that will be greater than the sum of their parts.”                    Creative concept & layout Tessa Avila
                                                                                   Photography     Heather Elze, Jenny Manseau, Randy Tunnell
The Big Picture
The latter perspective carries over to Ramaswamy’s vision for the rela-            For more information about our students, programs and faculty,
tionship between Middlebury College and the Monterey Institute.                    please visit our website at
“We were very deliberate when we started calling the integration effort
‘M-squared.’ It’s not ‘M2’ or ‘2M’—our goal for this process was never
                                                                                   Please contact us at 831.647.3545 or
simply to add one and one and make two. Our goal from the start has                with comments or questions related to this publication.
been to make the relationship exponential, not additive, to multiply the
benefits the relationship brings to both Middlebury and MIIS.”
                                                                                                             This paper contains recycled
                                                                                                             content and is recyclable
2   Communiqué
Working to “Be the Solution” in Afghanistan

               he Monterey Institute of International Studies enjoys a
               steady stream of visitors from abroad, enhancing the campus’
               international flavor and creating opportunities for a variety
               of conversations with practitioners about real-life issues. In
January, that rich intellectual exchange took on even greater significance
when the Institute hosted a visit from officials of the government of
Afghanistan, a nation wracked by decades of conflict and laboring to real-
ize the dream of an open, democratic society.
     On January 12, Mr. Saleem Kundozi of Afghanistan’s Ministry of
Agriculture and Mr. Waheedulah Qaderi of Afghanistan’s Ministry of
Finance met on campus with MIIS faculty, staff and students in an effort
to glean insights, opportunities and inspiration applicable to their urgent
work at home. “The greatest problem in Afghanistan’s government
today is a lack of proper capacity” for fostering economic development,
explained Kundozi.
     During a two-hour open discussion hosted by the Institute’s                                                         Waheedulah Qaderi and Saleem Kundozi
Graduate School of International Policy Studies, participants heard
Qaderi report that Afghanistan’s development budget today is “a totally
donor-driven budget,” with donor nations and organizations requiring            United States and NATO. “It is not possible for the government to take
a clear accounting from a government that is still working to develop           over all functions and obligations with current revenue sources,” stated
the professional capacity to manage large-scale development projects.           Qaderi.
As Kundozi remarked, “The main reason we can’t absorb more funding                   At the same time, the government is attempting to work with the
from donors today is that we need greater capacity in the area of project       private sector and non-governmental organizations to support the build-
design and management, including the use of modern project manage-              ing blocks of a civil society, such as professional skills training and
ment technology.”                                                               entrepreneurship opportunities. One of the challenges is that the NGOs
     For this reason, Qaderi and Kundozi were especially interested in          often hire away the best talent from the government itself, even as pay
learning about MIIS’s Development                                                                                         scales set by major funders like the
Project Management Institute                                                                                              International Monetary Fund pre-
(DPMI), an intensive three-week cer-                                                                                      vent the government from compet-
tificate program in which classroom                                                                                       ing with NGOs on salary.

                                             [                                                           ]
instruction is enhanced by group work,                                                                                           As a result of the January
career meetings with instructors and                                                                                      visit, discussions between MIIS
real-time feedback on skills being                                                                                        faculty and Afghan government
developed. Introducing DPMI to the                          “We have built 3,500 schools,                                 officials are ongoing regarding the
group, International Policy Studies                       and 73,000 classrooms have been                                 possibility of MIIS offering an
Professor Beryl Levinger described the                                                                                    abridged introductory DPMI course
program as “a master’s degree in three
                                                                  built or rehabilitated.”                                on the ground in Afghanistan this
weeks, stripped of all theory—very                     —Waheedulah Qaderi, Afghanistan’s Ministry of Finance              Spring, as well as hosting Afghan
practical, applied and team-oriented.”                                                                                    officials for a full three-week
     While media headlines from                                                                                           course in Summer 2009. Faculty
Afghanistan tend to focus on the                                                                                          at the Fisher Graduate School of
many challenges the country is facing                                                                                     International Business are also
today, MIIS participants learned that                                                                                     developing a proposal for the
significant progress has been made                                                                                        Afghan government focusing on
in some areas. “We have built 3,500                                                                                       entrepreneurship training. Finally,
schools, and 73,000 classrooms have                                                                                       MIIS faculty and staff are explor-
been built or rehabilitated,” reported Qaderi, adding that 35 percent of        ing the possibilities for bringing in more students from Afghanistan and
students are now female. In addition, the Afghan government has con-            for encouraging students at MIIS to consider working on development
structed 13,000 kilometers of roadways, forming the first national road         projects in the region.
network in the history of Afghanistan.                                               The Institute’s mission is to equip professionals to succeed in chal-
     Still, major questions about the future remain. At present domestic        lenging cross-cultural environments around the world. It’s difficult to
revenues fund only 65 percent of the federal government’s budget and the imagine a more relevant or significant example of that mission in action
country’s entire defense budget is funded by foreign sources, chiefly the       than MIIS’s efforts to “be the solution” in Afghanistan.

                                                                                                                                         Winter 2009        3
MIIS in the Oval Office                    Gard in China
When President Obama signed                President Emeritus Well-Received at Beijing Conference
executive orders in the Oval Office

shutting down the prison at                             ast fall, in a successful whirlwind trip to   to hear that, “in the case of American regional
Guantanamo Bay and prohibiting                          Beijing, Monterey Institute President         business development, what sustains and grows the
the use of torture by U.S. intelli-                     Emeritus Robert Gard and Tate Miller,         business zones is the momentum from active and
gence personnel, MIIS was there.                        director of international programs,           competitive trade transactions.” In stark contrast, it
    Retired United States Army             exchanged viewpoints with Chinese officials on the         is impossible for Americans to imagine otherwise.
Lieutenant General and MIIS                global economy and trade. The centerpiece of the trip      He noted the crucial role of education in the healthy
President Emeritus Robert Gard             was their participation in an invitation-only, two-day     growth of business zones, citing the example of
was invited to the ceremony in rec-        conference on China’s world trade opportunities and        Stanford University and other higher educational
ognition of his role as a member of        its relationship with the World Trade Organization         institutions that have underpinned the rapid devel-
a group of 16 retired admirals and         (WTO), sponsored by the Beijing-based WTO Affairs          opment of Silicon Valley. Finally, he told them, “I
generals who, in cooperation with          Center.                                                    cannot resist mentioning how astounded I am, dur-
the national organization Human                 The purpose of the conference, “The WTO               ing each subsequent visit to China, to observe your
Rights First, have been advocating         and China: Beijing International
an end to the use of torture by U.S.       Forum,” was to explore issues perti-
interrogators. The day of the cer-         nent to the robust and sustainable
emony, the group released a state-         development of Beijing and its
                                           environs, especially with respect
ment declaring that: “President
                                           to the expansion of high technol-
Obama’s actions today will restore
                                           ogy industries. The meeting was
the moral authority and strengthen
                                           attended by 350-400 senior and
the national security of the United        mid-level Chinese government
States. It is vital to the safety of our   officials, with other international
men and women in uniform that              dignitaries attending, including
the United States never sanction           senior officials from the WTO
the use of interrogation methods           headquarters in Geneva. The
that we would find unacceptable            Monterey Institute was the sole
if inflicted by an enemy against           educational institution invited.
captured Americans.”                            Dawei Cheng, a 2000 graduate
    “We told the President that            of the commercial diplomacy pro-                                        Tate Miller and Robert Gard at China’s Great Wall
we will continue to stand by him           gram, arranged for the Institute’s
and help fight the critics of this         participation. Cheng is chief
decision,” said Gard, adding “The          expert at the WTO Affairs Center. She credits the          incredible economic progress, a great tribute to the
values projected by Human Rights           Institute with helping her rise swiftly in the competi-    talent and energy of the Chinese people.”
First are quite consistent with the        tive atmosphere of the professional ranks in China.            Both his and Miller’s remarks were well-received,
whole philosophy of MIIS.”                 Says Cheng: “My master’s degree from the Monterey          as evidenced by the fact that the Beijing WTO
                                           Institute is very important to me. The skills and          Center has since commenced discussions with the
                                           knowledge that I received in the trade program have        Institute regarding future cooperation on trade
                                           been invaluable in my service to my country and            research and training. WTO Center officials are
                                           to the international community. With my Institute          scheduled to visit the Institute in April to further
                                           degree, I have also been afforded excellent opportu-       advance those talks.
                                           nities to advance my career. And spending two years            While in Beijing, Gard and Miller also held a
                                           in the international milieu of the Institute helped me     dinner for alumni on behalf of the Institute. The
                                           develop a level of comfort and rapport with people of      event took place at a restaurant owned and operated
                                           all backgrounds that is an asset to me personally as       by current student Clayton Noack, MAIPS ’10, in
                                           well as professionally.”                                   an historic neighborhood of “hutongs”—crowded
President Emeritus Robert Gard                  Gard was extended the honor of delivering an          mazes of traditionally constructed buildings around
second from right                          opening plenary address on the topic of the U.S.           small courtyards—in the center of the city. Gard and
                                           development of special zones for business such as          Miller also took in a few sights that Gard had missed
                                           Silicon Valley. His remarks referenced the central         in previous visits. Miller noted that, everywhere they
                                           theories on trade and economic geography of Paul           went, the Chinese people showed them tremendous
                                           Krugman, the Princeton economist and Nobel Prize           hospitality, and reverence for the retired general and
                                           recipient. Gard’s Chinese audience was most curious        current ambassador for the Institute.

4     Communiqué
Beryl Levinger and her Protégés                                                                                             T & I at the Beijing
Banda Aceh and Beyond

              n December 26, 2004, an earthquake               development and education reform since 1967 and              While the Monterey Institute may
              measuring a massive 9.1-9.3 on the               Distinguished Professor at the Monterey Institute            not be known for garnering gold
              Richter scale caused a rupture nearly            since 1992. Asked what drives her, she answers with          at the Olympics, the need for our
              1,000 miles long in the Indian Ocean.            certainty: “A keen commitment to social justice.             graduates and present and former
Over the course of about ten minutes of seismic                People shouldn’t have things predetermined in life           faculty members’ participation
activity, the seabed surrounding the faultline rose            by facts of their birth.”                                    may be equal to that of the com-
several meters, causing a tsunami that reached about                In her youth, she was deeply influenced by the civil
                                                                                                                            peting athletes. Close to two dozen
30 meters high at landfall in Indonesia. An estimated          rights movement and folk music that carried messages
                                                                                                                            MIIS affiliates were in Beijing
225,000 people were killed in the event and its                of social justice and service. For a time, she thought
                                                                                                                            for the 2008 Games, providing
immediate aftermath. Whole communities were lost               seriously about becoming a poverty lawyer, but a stint
in minutes; hundreds of square miles across seven              in the Peace Corps clarified her career intentions and       interpretation and other language
countries were flattened into a landscape of rubble.           put her on the path she still treads today.                  services critical for events from
                                                                                         To those who want to work          athlete press conferences to
                                                                                     in the field of humanitarian           working sessions between the
                                                                                     international development, she         International Olympic Committee
                                                                                     offers a few simple rules of thumb.    and the Beijing Organizing
                                                                                     “First, remember that a change         Committee.
                                                                                     in knowledge does not equal a             Here are those Institute commu-
                                                                                     change in behavior; telling people     nity members whom we know were
                                                                                     to do something differently is not a   a part of the MIIS team in Beijing:
                                                                                     change strategy.”
                                                                                         “Second, too often we are          Julien Brasseur, MATI ’02
                                                                                     focused on symptoms rather than        Pablo Chang-Castillo, MAT ’01
                                                                                     root causes, figuring out what to      Daphne Chien, MATI ’92
                                                                                     do to resolve a challenge, and not     Hiromi Chino, MATI ’90
                                                                                     thinking about how the challenge       Miyang Chu, MACI ’98
                                                                                     arose. Rigorous analysis will avoid    Andrei Falaleyev
                                                                                     many pitfalls.”                        Emily Fan
                                                                                         Levinger is most proud of her      Manfred Heine
                                                      Ravi Dutta and Pete LaRaus     work as one of three principal         Shen Jingbo, MACI ’06
                                                                                     architects of La Escuela Nueva,        Pascale Ledeur, MATI ’83
Approximately $7 billion in aid funded vast recon-             an educational model piloted in Colombia, and now            Yun-Hyang Lee, TESOL
struction projects throughout the affected regions.            replicated around the world. It is recognized world-            Certificate ’01
Save the Children was one of the organizations man- wide as an exemplary educational reform model. It                       Maria-Isabelle Noel, MAT ’01
aging the effort in the hardest-hit area, Banda Aceh,          seeks to address low educational attainment in rural
                                                                                                                            Carlen Pierce, MACI ’84
Indonesia.                                                     one-room schools served by teachers who often have
                                                                                                                            Xiaojing Lynette Shi
     For four years, Save the Children devoted itself to       no more than a middle-school education themselves.
                                                                                                                            Maureen Sweeney, MPA ’94
rebuilding. Distinguished Professor Beryl Levinger went Beryl and her colleagues designed a complete system
to Banda Aceh for one week in October 2008 to work             for rural education that includes active learning,           Wilhelm Weber
with Pete LaRaus, MPA ’04, deputy director of Save             project-based learning, and close school-to-community        Shan Tsen, MATI ’89
the Children. The assignment was to help the organiza- ties. In study after study, the students documented                  Angela Yin-Goniak, MACI ’90
tion develop a three-year strategic plan that redirects        have outperformed students from urban schools with           Ni Yuan Meggers, MACI ’07
Save the Children away from post-tsunami relief                far greater resources. At the Academy of Educational
toward longer-term development programs to serve               Development, Levinger is working with Kirsten                If you were part of the MIIS team
conflict-affected populations.                                 Galisson, MAIPS ’05, on a 30-year retrospective of the       in Beijing and we missed you,
     Levinger is always looking for and generating             development and successes of La Escuela Nueva.               please let us know!
opportunities for her current and former students. Prior            Levinger finds great satisfaction participating in
to his current assignment, LaRaus was country director         the cycle where she trains a student, helps to place
for Save the Children in Nicaragua. Since the trip last        them upon graduation, and then that alum, in turn,
fall, Levinger has arranged for Ravi Dutta, MPA ’09,           extends opportunities to other students. In one recent
to serve in Banda Aceh as a Save the Children intern           week, she worked on the Evaluation of the World
with LaRaus.                                                   Bank Program, a report of which she served as primary
     Levinger has been a consultant for Save the               author, with principals Evan Bloom (DPMI faculty),
Children since 1977. Notable among her numerous                Aaron Leonard, MPA ’07, and Amy Sunseri, IPS ’05.
assignments is the annual State of the World’s Mothers Matt Reeves, MPA ’05, also contributed to the report.
Report. The Report is a standard resource used by the               Levinger’s former students, well over 100 strong,
U.S. government and international organizations in             have a Facebook group called the Big Idea. The list of
setting policy and aid budgets for programs serving            those benefitting from and advancing the “Levinger
families in developing nations.                                Cycle” goes on, and communities from Indonesia
     It is a rare student who can keep up with                 to Colombia and beyond are built, gaining health,
Levinger, a consultant in international professional           harmony, and education.

                                                                                                                                        Winter 2009             5
Careers of the Future

               ave you ever thought of becoming a humanitarian aid                 disasters. They focused on early warning signs, preparedness, and mitigation
               worker—working alongside a former Hutu rebel, arranging             of these disasters instead of just the aftermath response. Students also dis-
               micro-financing for an HIV clinic, helping organize relief          cussed the drivers that set in motion humanitarian aid, such as the effects
               convoys to conflict zones, or distributing food in an area sur-     of climate change which in turn causes drought in Africa and then food
rounded by minefields? Being an aid worker requires an ability to adapt to         insecurity. They debated how this ripple effect, better known as a slow-
intensely challenging situations and withstand emotional strain. Aid work          onset emergency, can easily turn into an crisis and how, as aid workers,
is also unlike any other profession in that it is often very difficult to get your they can see an opportunity in the crisis.
foot in the door.                                                                                                             The course culminated with

                                                  [                                                     ]
     Or how about becoming a social                                                                                      students being placed in a fictitious
entrepreneur—promoting eco-                                                                                              country that had recently experienced
tourism, supporting triple bottom                                                                                        a humanitarian crisis, and they role-
line companies, helping indigenous                        “The role playing was so authentic                             played their assigned humanitarian
communities engaged in sustainable                                                                                       organization or major stakeholder.
agriculture, or focusing on reducing
                                                      that I really felt as if I were on the ground                           “The simulations were intensive
a company’s carbon footprint?                                 providing humanitarian aid.”                               and distraction was not an option
     In these careers, one must com-                           —student Archana Chhetri, MAIPS ’09                       when you’re dealing with people’s
bine the passion of a social mission                                                                                     lives, albeit hypothetical. The role
with an image of business-like dis-                                                                                      playing was so authentic that I really
cipline, innovation, and determina-                                                                                      felt as if I were on the ground provid-
tion. It takes creativity, the ability                                                                                   ing humanitarian aid,” said MAIPS
to broker differing opinions, and there is always the risk of financial fail-      ’09 candidate Archana Chhetri.
ure. In fact, two-thirds of these ventures fail within the first five years.            In the social entrepreneur class, students evaluated some of the suc-
     In keeping with its mission of monitoring emerging global issues and          cess factors that can make social entrepreneurs and their organizations more
preparing the next generation of professionals to meet them, the Monterey          effective. In one instance, students learned about a company that employs
Institute of International Studies offered two exciting Winter Term courses        a business model called market driven restoration. The company works
for its students.                                                                  directly with indigenous growers to deliver unique and beneficial products
     The Applied Humanitarian Studies Practicum and Social                         that enhance personal health and well-being. An additional goal is to cre-
Entrepreneurship. Policy and Efficacy were offered as intensive, hands-on          ate economic models that drive reforestation in South America while also
courses designed to challenge students with realistic case studies. Both           providing a living wage for its employees.
courses introduced students to experts in the field who showcased effective             Noel Oaks, MBA ’09 candidate, noted, “The course gave us an his-
tools that will help them to carry out their missions.                             torical background on the social entrepreneurship movement, including
     In the Applied Humanitarian Studies Practicum, the simulations                case studies about food-for-education programs in developing countries.
challenged the participants’ knowledge and understanding of the com-               My final paper is on fair trade coffee in various regions of the world and
plexities of program management during responses to natural or manmade             what impact, if any, that has had on local communities.”

Alumni Profile: Regina Todd

               MIIS Class of 1965 (Regina Todd in front, fourth from left)                                               Regina and colleagues at Middlebury College

6     Communiqué
Student Projects: From Ramallah to Phnom Penh

         n addition to a new crop of workshops and classes offered during              Transitional Injustice in Chile. In collaboration with the non-
         the Winter Term, students also had a menu of field-based oppor-          profit group Global Majority and led by Professor Jan Black, 20 students
         tunities—a chance to apply skills and theories learned in class to       embarked on a study tour that explored Chile’s history of democracy
         actual projects while earning credit. Each group includes a faculty and dictatorship, human rights abuse, and transitional justice. The
member who acts as an advisor and liaison for both the students and the           group also saw challenges to the ongoing protection of the rights of
partner organization. Language credit was also given for those assign-            indigenous and other vulnerable populations while visiting communi-
ments where students conducted their work in another language.                    ties engaged in clashes with the state and industry. Using contacts
     This year the list of projects and locations included several ongoing        made through this initial visit, and in collaboration with Middlebury’s
efforts (Belize, El Salvador, and New Orleans) as well as select new              School Abroad there, the Institute hopes to develop an ongoing field
destinations:                                                                                                               practicum in Chile similar to the
     Challenges to Peacebuilding                                                                                            El Salvador model. (see story p. 9)
in Cambodia. Assistant Professor                                                                                                Exploring Partnerships
Pushpa Iyer accompanied 13                                                                                                  for Peace and Development
students to various locations                                                                                               in Palestine. The Institute’s
in Cambodia and neighbor-                                                                                                   three-woman team touched
ing Thailand to conduct field                                                                                               down in the region just as the
research and explore the chal-                                                                                              violence between Israel and
lenges involved in peacebuilding                                                                                            Hamas escalated. Still, the team
in Cambodian society. Students                                                                                              kept on task conducting a com-
visited a variety of organiza-                                                                                              munity and needs assessment
tions including the Center of                                                                                               via informational interviews
the Protection of Child Rights                                                                                              with fifteen nongovernmental
(CPCS), the Asia Foundation in                                                                                              organizations in the West Bank
Thailand, the Center for Peace                                                                                              (Bethlehem, Ramallah, Nablus)
and Conflict Studies, and Tean                                                                                              and Jerusalem. Their findings will
Thor, a vocational school and                                                                                               help inform future collaboration
refuge for HIV/AIDS patients in                                                                                             between students and faculty at
Cambodia. The visits provided stu-                                        Nicole Hodgson, Katie Holland, and Nicole Ketcham Bethlehem University and MIIS.
dents with a greater understanding                                        at the Damascus Gate, Old City Wall, Jerusalem    Some initial ideas include creat-
of Cambodia’s complex history and                                                                                           ing International Professional
culture, insight into current challenges like migration, human trafficking,       Service Semester assignments and shorter internships for MIIS students
and HIV/AIDS and examples of creative methods for rebuilding com-                 that could focus on activities related to entreupreuneurship, career
munity and trust. To record and share their impressions and experience,           development initiatives, and other communication and management
students created a travel blog                   projects with organizations like the Applied Research Institute (ARIJ)
     Back in Monterey, the group will now compile their research papers           in Bethlehem and the Palestine Red Crescent Society of Ramallah. “In
and create a documentary of their experience. “There is no better way to          spite of the recent conflict, our team hit the ground running and solidi-
study conflicts and peacebuilding than to see it play out in the real world. fied relations with various Palestinian and Israeli non-profit organiza-
The learning curve was steep for all of us and not surprisingly, students         tions. Our team never ceased to be amazed by the passion of the people,
learn so much more in a course like this, than in a whole semester put            whose stories we found so inspiring,” said MIIS student Katie Holland.
together,” commented Dr. Iyer.

               lumna Regina Todd (Russian Studies ’65) made the Monterey           I thought it made good sense; two excellent institutions who share an interna-
               Institute–Middlebury connection long before the two institutions    tional focus and value language.”
               became affiliated. During the time that she studied and taught           “I enjoyed working with talented colleagues at Middlebury and our stu-
               at the Monterey Institute, Regina spent her summers teaching        dents were dedicated and eager to learn. Luckily, my studies at the Institute
at Middlebury College’s Russian Language School.                                   with demanding teachers prepared me well . . . I spent all year preparing for
     Todd took a circuitous path to the Institute after completing a law degree    my summer course, gathering articles and other materials related to Soviet
at the University of Leningrad, working as a research assistant at Columbia        life and the Soviet press. My students were reading and discussing articles
University School of Law and as a language specialist in Los Angeles. She          from 20 different magazines and newspapers, which was a challenge in the
first approached Monterey Institute founder and President Gaspard Weiss            days before the internet.”
for a teaching position, and later returned to complete a master’s degree in            Regina’s teaching career spanned more than four decades and included
Russian Language and Civilization and several courses toward a doctorate           faculty positions at the University of Montana, Windham College, and finally
degree. To pay tuition, Regina also taught Russian courses at the Institute        the Defense Language Institute where she taught Russian for 34 years,
during the school year. In 1967 she landed a teaching position for the sum-        retiring in 2005. In 1970, she translated New York Times Editor Harrison
mer at Middlebury College in Vermont. Her scrapbook includes keepsakes             Salisbury’s best-selling book 900 Days: The Siege of Leningrad into Russian.
from this period in her life including the original employment offer letter from   It was a subject she knew first hand, having endured the siege as a child
Middlebury, snapshots taken on the distinctive campus, and photos of her and       growing up in the city. After retiring, she wrote and published her biography,
Institute classmates receiving their diplomas from Dr. Weiss.                      My Struggle for Survival, which describes her terrifying experiences under
     “When I heard about the Monterey Institute-Middlebury affiliation,            Stalinist rule and then the equally devastating German occupation.

                                                                                                                                            Winter 2009         7
Who’s Yammering at MIIS?                                                       D.C. Alums Join Together
Yammer, a micro-blogging service designed to help individuals within an        Plan to establish scholarship fund
organization share information quickly and easily, while promoting communi-

cation and collaboration, has emerged as a favorite technology tool at MIIS.                athering for an informal dinner in November with then
   Users post short and frequent answers to the question, “What are you                     President Designate Sunder Ramaswamy, several D.C. area
working on?” Their answers create a central repository of news, ideas, and                  alumni brainstormed how they—together with other MIIS
other information that can be easily accessed by all.                                       affiliates in the area—could make a difference for current
   Some recent Yammers from MIIS:                                                           Institute students.
   Bob Cole: Just got off the phone with Mara Baitlin (IPS alumna). Esra’a          “Each of us has participated in MIIS alumni events, and we know
Al Shafei will be skyping in for an in-class Global Voices podcast during      that our numbers in and around D.C. are significant—more than 600
our Friday workshop for a Q&A session with students. I’m beaming!              if you include friends of the Institute, too,” said Melanie Eltz, a 2004
   John Grunder: Just updated our ITS web pages at        graduate of the policy program. “We’ve come together to support other
its.htm . . . Come and take a look and feel free to make suggestions for       organizations in the past, so why not do the same for a current MIIS
additional content.                                                            student?”
   Jen Hambleton: Kathy Sparaco, Edy Rhodes, and I met yesterday after-             Eltz and others began plans to establish an annual scholarship
noon to begin planning for a career development day for international          that will be funded with gifts from area alumni and friends. Garvey
students. The tentative date for the event is March 27. We’re excited about    McIntosh, MAIPS ’03, added, “Many people can come together, make
                                                                               modest financial contributions, and have a significant impact. That’s
the possibilities!
                                                                               our goal.”
   Robert Horgan: Caroline Mansi and I have been talking about mak-
                                                                                    Beth McDermott, executive director of Institutional Advancement,
ing a series of videos for the YouTube Channel to promote the MIIS/Peace
                                                                               emphasized the importance of their effort: “Student financial aid is
Corps degrees. On the videos, we would like to spotlight returnees, get        one of the Institute’s foremost priorities. We’re grateful that Melanie,
some quotes from faculty, talk to employers who have hired Peace Corps         Garvey, and others have recognized and are responding to that need,
returnees, etc. If anyone has any input on this or can think of some good      and that we will have the chance to demonstrate the impact of their
individuals to profile on camera, would you please let me know?                giving in the years ahead.”
   Beryl Levinger: In Boston at a Wallace Foundation-sponsored meeting              D.C. area alumni and friends should watch their email for more
learning about attributes of high quality graduate level leadership develop-   information on how they can participate in this initiative.
ment programs. I’m inspired! Anybody else interested in this?
   Patricia Szasz: Is thankful to Marimer Berlanga Sanchez & Pinar
Tankut for their help in translating our program info into Spanish &

The Monterey Institute is now listed on Apple’s iTunes University menu.
Audio and video podcasts can be downloaded from the site free of cost, then
played on a computer or portable device whenever, wherever. With the help        Melanie Eltz, Garvey McIntosh, and Abigail Lewis
of the Digital Media Commons, the Institute is training an army of podcast-
ers across the globe who will expand relevant content for this site.

8    Communiqué
Digital Media on the Go                                                                Alumni Profile: Casson Trenor
                                                                                       Fishing for sustainable ways to enjoy seafood
MIIS student captures field
experience in documentary                                                              The menu at Tataki Sushi & Sake Bar is as mouthwatering as any: seared
                                                                                       skipjack tuna with garlic sauce, shrimp tempura rolls and green tea
                                                                                       cheesecake. But you won’t find any unagi or hamachi—two of the most
                                                                                       popular sushi choices—at this San Francisco eatery. “They are replete
                                                                                       with devastating problems for the environment,” says Casson Trenor, the
                                                                                       “sustainability guru” for the Japanese restaurant. “If we’re going to save
                                                                                       sushi for the future, we have to incorporate sustainability into the very
                                                                                       concept of the cuisine; otherwise, not only are we going to lose the fish,
                                                                                       we’re going to lose the art.”
                                                                                            For those whose only concern with sushi has been how to manage
                                                                                       the chopsticks, an ahi! moment is on the way, thanks to Trenor. As not
                                                                                       only Tataki’s green-minded guy, but also the director of business devel-
                                                                                       opment for the sustainable-seafood consultancy FishWise and the author
                                                                                       of the new book Sustainable Sushi (North Atlantic Books, 2009), Trenor is
                                                                                       helping to chart a new course for the health of the planet’s fisheries.
                                                                                            “It just takes a little bit of ingenuity and a little belief in yourself,”
                                                                                       he says, “to work in concert with the oceans instead of against them.”
                                                                                            Trenor didn’t exactly coast into his current career. Though he grew
                                                                                       up in the Washington State beach town of Mukilteo, digging for clams
                                                                                       and regularly dining on salmon, he studied international relations and
                              Ryan Gonzalez and children in San Hilario, El Salvador
                                                                                       foreign languages at Hobart and William Smith, went to culinary school
                                                                                       and worked in the restaurant and wine industries before receiving a

              s a first-year IPS student with a focus on migration trends              master’s in International Environmental Policy from MIIS in 2005.
              in Latin America, Ryan Gonzalez was a likely participant                      “The Institute showed me that one person does change the world,”
              in the Winter Term Team Monterey development practi-                     says Trenor. “It gave me the knowledge and confidence I needed to move
              cum in El Salvador. A bit more unlikely, perhaps, was his                forward, follow my heart.”
              desire to apply skills honed in his fall work-study job to                    Naturally, Trenor spent a good deal of time at the Monterey Bay
the January field intensive. As a graduate assistant in the Digital Media              Aquarium, where he became immersed in the Seafood Watch program
Commons, Gonzalez had helped students, faculty, and staff apply new                    that advises consumers on sustainable choices. While traveling in
technologies to their work, a natural extension of his own interest in                 Antarctica in 2005, Trenor had a “thunderbolt experience” where he came
documentary filmmaking.                                                                up with the idea for Sustainable Sushi. “The book came first,” he says.
     As one of 13 MIIS students in Bajo Lempa working with La                          “Then I was introduced to two visionary chefs.”
Coordinadora Asociación Mangle, Gonzalez participated in develop-                           Tataki opened in 2008 and now that the book has been published,
ment projects ranging from organic fertilizer distribution to turtle con-              Trenor is sharing his concept on a tour with stops at the Smithsonian,
servation programs, while also serving as videographer, “I captured my                 among other places.
classmates interacting with community members through their surveys                         For FishWise, Trenor travels the world to both identify and help cre-
and interviews. One of the difficulties I encountered was getting inter-               ate sustainable seafood resources. And thanks to an increased aware-
viewees, both Salvadorans and MIIS students, to relax in front of the                  ness by chefs of over-fishing concerns in the last decade, Trenor’s work
camera. The children were the most eager to be recorded in order to                    has a direct impact on what ends up on your plate. “If the groundswell
demonstrate their English skills.”                                                     grows among society—that the ocean is not an infinite resource,” he
     “The highlight of our stay was when Dean Laurance (or Don                         says. “It will become easier to fix the problems.”
Eduardo, as he is known in El Salvador) and Don Luis Ramos, presi-                          Though swordfish has made a comeback, Trenor says that people
dent of La Coordinadora Asociación Mangle, signed a Memorandum of                      are still eating orange roughy, which isn’t “built right” for so much con-
Understanding. The Monterey Institute will continue to send students                   sumption. His other no-no fish: bluefin tuna and farmed salmon. “You
for various field work opportunities and also will promote the organiza-               don’t need to have all these negative effects on the ocean,” he says,
tion through existing and new networks. In return, La Coordinadora                     “just to have good sushi.”
Asociación Mangle will provide significant work experiences for MIIS
students as they pursue their development efforts in the Bajo Lempa.
I returned with a hard drive full of wonderful video for a documentary
that will showcase the narratives, experiences and hard work that
is being done by the proud people of El Salvador and MIIS students
     “He’s more than a film maker,” commented Dean Laurance. “Ryan
played a key role as facilitator between our group and the people in
the community, helping them to understand our purpose there. And
he came from behind the camera to conduct his share of interviews
as well.” Gonzalez plans to debut his film later in the semester on the
Institute’s YouTube channel.

                                                                                                                                  Casson Trenor with the Tataki chefs

                                                                                                                                              Winter 2009               9
                                                                                                     MIIS MATTERS
Susan Young                              Seeking the heart of darkness via one billion lights out
What would happen if a sixth of the world’s population—one billion                                                                  the different ways people were tak-
people in one thousand cities—all turned out the lights at once?                                                                    ing Earth Hour to heart.”
    On March 28, we’ll find out. That night, at 8:30 p.m., if all goes                                                                   Even more inspiring is the way
according to the Earth Hour plan, nearly one-seventh of the planet’s                                                                the message has spread. For 2008,
population will flick the “off” switch for 60 minutes. It will happen eight                                                         Earth Hour was supposed to spread
months before the United Nations Climate Change Conference in                                                                       only across Australia. But as word
Copenhagen.                                                                                                                         got out, some 50 million people in
    “We want to raise awareness,” says Susie Young, who received a                                                                  35 countries and 370 cities decided
master’s degree in French and International Policy Studies, along with a                                                            that they, too, would turn out their
certificate in Translation and Interpretation, from the Monterey Institute                                                          lights. Times Square’s Coca Cola
in 1975 and is now based in Sydney, Australia.                                                                                      billboard, San Francisco’s Golden
    As a director of World Wildlife Fund Australia, Young sits on the                                                               Gate Bridge and Rome’s Colosseum
board that gave the green light to the first Earth Hour in 2007. “There                                                             all went dark.
was a lot of enthusiasm and excitement that we could help mount a                                                                        Nearly 25,000 blog posts
grassroots campaign to enlighten the entire community about what a dif-                                                             recorded Earth Hour action; for
ference it would make,” says Young, “in terms of the energy savings that                                                            some goose bumps, check out the
                                                                                    Earth Hour 2008: Lighting candles
could be generated by just turning off the lights for an hour.”                     under Sydney’s Harbour Bridge                   YouTube video at www.earthhour.
    The idea for Earth Hour was first sparked by an initiative to reduce                                                            org. This kind of momentum
                                                                                                      C. Jamie Williams Photography
domestic electricity consumption in Thailand, says Andy Ridley, the                                                                 has emboldened the Earth Hour
global director of Earth Hour. “We needed a campaign that would bring                                                               team to aim for participation by
together very different parts of the community to voice their opinion,” he        1,000 cities and 1 billion people this March 28. Because of time zones, of
says, “as a symbol of the desire for action on climate change.”                   course, it won’t all happen exactly at once. But it just may be, as Ridley
    In 2007, 2.2 million homes and businesses in Sydney took part in              points out, the first time in history that there’s a truly global vote on the
Earth Hour. One by one, the fluorescent bulbs in buildings that typically         issue of climate change.
glow around the clock were snuffed, and the once-sparkling city emerged                Beyond urging action by politicians and ministers at the Copenhagen
into the dark and moonlit night. “People had picnics outside; restaurants         conference, says Young, Earth Hour is starting to correct bad habits
were having candlelight dinners,” says Young, who is a partner in the             among Sydney building owners and homeowners who are more conscious
global executive search firm Spencer Stuart in addition to serving on the         of energy conservation. Says Young, “We think Earth Hour has served as
WWF board of directors since 2002. “It was really encouraging to see all          a catalyst for change already.”

                      [       What would happen if the world’s population all turned out the lights at once?                                                        ]
Bill Godnick
Giving peace a chance through corporate accountability
Sure, the biggest conflicts that might erupt around most U.S. businesses are           Godnick splits his time between Sacramento and Colombia. He spends
over who gets the last package of Doritos from the vending machine or who         about 25 percent of his year on the ground in the Latin American country,
won the football pool.                                                            where relationships with indigenous groups are a key area of work. During
     But in countries such as Colombia, companies operate amidst very             one particularly eye-opening travel experience in February 2006, he visited the
real, very violent conflicts: guerrilla and paramilitary forces have contrib-     site of a Wayuu massacre, within the “sphere of influence” of a company with
uted to 40,000 deaths here in just the last ten years. So for Bill Godnick of     which he was working. “It was a ghost town,” says Godnick. “Hundreds of
International Alert, getting inside the door of private businesses is the first   houses, and only three or four occupied by any people.”
step to building peace in the outside communities.                                     Having bridged two worlds in the past—studying business at San
     “We engage directly with companies in difficult situations and with          Francisco State and serving in the Peace Corps in Honduras—Godnick was
difficult legacies,” explains Godnick, who received his master’s in               well prepared to bring his unique set of skills to Colombia. MIIS, where
International Policy Studies from the Monterey Institute in 1997. “It involves    Godnick worked for two years before joining International Alert in 2002, only
doing a baseline assessment, doing field research and training people at          added to the toolbox for tricky negotiations.
all levels of the company on conflict analysis and human rights, and also              “I grew up in Santa Cruz, so I knew about Monterey,” he says. “I
convening interdepartmental work teams to develop strategies for any              decided to do a graduate degree there mostly because I would be able to
number of issues.”                                                                do content-level studies in Spanish language.” He also worked on small

10    Communiqué
Alumni Profiles
Rebecca Fong                              Globetrotting grad reports from Iraq
                                                                                      Some international experiences she holds most dear: riding the
                                                                                 Moscow metro; walking and people-watching in Paris; the extraor-
                                                                                 dinary, lung-freezing air of Antarctica; and the handmade folk art of
                                                                                 many countries. She has found Antarctica to be the most stunningly
                                                                                 beautiful; the hospitality in Kurdistan the most memorable; the former
                                                                                 Soviet states the most fascinating cultural exercise; and Iraq the most
                                                                                 challenging politically.
                                                                                      Her travels have only continued to whet her interest in people and
                                                                                 lands, including Americans. She says the most uniquely American expe-
                                                                                 riences seem to be reality TV and the need to have everything done
                                                                                 quickly—two things Fong likes, personally, but she warns that that need
                                                                                 for instantaneous resolution can be disastrous on any given day. Asked
                                                                                 what she sees to be the most critical global issue that will affect the next
                                                                                 generation of leaders, she does not hesitate: “The environment will ulti-
                                                                                 mately determine what resources countries will fight over, and, in turn,
                                                       Rebecca Fong in Iraq
                                                                                 define the political stances of most countries.”
                                                                                      Interviews for this article took place over the Internet, while Fong
When Rebecca Fong, MAIPS-RS ’89, was ten years old, she read an article          was on a field assignment up country in a Kurdish region of Iraq. This is
on Tibet in National Geographic, and couldn’t put it down. She read              her second Baghdad tour, where she currently serves as political officer
and dreamed about other countries. When she was 12, she and her father           with the Kurdish Affairs portfolio and acts as back-up for the Ministry of
went on her first international excursion, a road trip through Europe;           Foreign Affairs. She was asked to return because of her established rela-
he had her do all the map reading and navigating. She was hooked. She            tionships with Kurdish leaders. Her job, which focuses on “expanding and
promised herself that she would visit every country in the world.                enhancing Kurdish contacts for the embassy (in and out of government),”
     Fong has held tenaciously to that goal, choosing from the list of hun-      is “70 percent outreach and meetings, 20 percent analysis and writing
dreds of unseen countries to spend long weekends and vacations. That             (primarily cables), and 10 percent logistics for (her) contacts (badges,
list has steadily dwindled and, today, several decades later, she is just five   green zone access, visas).” She accompanies Ambassador Ryan Crocker
countries from fulfilling that promise to herself.                               to see any Kurdish contacts, advocates policy with her own contacts, and
     She studied biology, biochemistry and Russian at UC Santa Cruz,             works with Special Adviser to Northern Iraq Ambassador Tom Krajeski.
where an inspiring Russian professor encouraged her to go to the Pushkin              She says the most valuable skill sets in her work are people skills,
Institute to continue her language studies. There, Fong had the chance to        writing, and the ability to work independently. Adaptability is also a
join a study group the professor was leading through all 15 former Soviet        must, says Fong, “When working in a war zone, one must adjust to life
Republics.                                                                       under heavy security, and likely with chronic insomnia.” Insomnia is
     Fong sought whatever jobs would allow her to travel or live overseas.       probably an asset, as her workday ranges from 12-20 hours. When she
She coordinated travel for rock bands and movie shoots. She represented          does have time off, she spends it working out, seeing Kurdish contacts
collectors at international art auctions. Then she returned to school,           who have become friends, and planning her next trip.
ostensibly to study Arabic, at the Monterey Institute. Once here, she                 The remaining five countries on her list—Cuba, Iran, Lebanon, Libya,
opted instead to perfect her Russian, and earned a double master’s degree        and North Korea—can be a challenge for an American to visit, but those
in International Policy Studies and Russian Area Studies.                        who know her are confident that she will get to them. This year she plans
     Studying at the Institute kept her in one place for awhile, but she         to return to the Sossuvlei sand dunes of Namibia, visit Beirut, and study
did manage to spend a winter break in Brazil and Papua New Guinea. In            Farsi with the hopes of serving in Tehran in the near future.
the next several years, she visited 70 countries and spent a year teaching            But where does Rebecca Fong consider home? She has a heartfelt
English in Beijing as part of an Institute program at the time, Volunteers       home, where there are family and friends. It is a city that provides enough
in Asia. Then Fong joined the State Department, where, as a foreign ser-         human variety to satisfy this nomad; she says, “How breathtaking San
vice officer, was assigned postings in Bahrain, France, Algeria, and, most       Francisco is, as a city of plurality, beauty, acceptance, ethnic and gender
recently, Iraq.                                                                  diversity, and glorious food.”

business development in Honduras, helping individuals do everything from              Though he works in a region of conflict, Godnick says he rarely feels
price T-shirts to conduct accounting for food processing.                        in danger himself. Rather, he prefers to focus on the positive outcomes of
     Godnick’s initial work with International Alert was in security-sector      International Alert’s efforts, such as when they helped the large mining
reform and international arms control; today, he leads the Latin American        company Cerrejón work with local activists and international peacekeepers to
efforts to engage with companies to prevent conflict, build peace and develop    rebuild a disenfranchised community.
in a sustainable way. “The work with companies is discreet,” says Godnick,            “That was one of the things where you see an impact,” says Godnick. “The
who also represents Alert on the Committee for Human Rights. “The public         problem wasn’t going away and we were able to facilitate a meeting of the
forum tries to promote these standards more broadly.”                            minds. We felt progress had been made.”

                                                                                                                                       Winter 2009         11
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