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					President George H.W. Bush

  4 1 ST P R E S I D E N T O F T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S
 "I CAN TELL YOU THIS: IF
I'M EVER IN A POSITION TO
 CALL THE SHOTS, I'M NOT
      GOING TO RUSH
TO SEND SOMEBODY ELSE'S
     KIDS INTO A WAR.“


     - GEORGE BUSH
“‘These are the times that try men’s souls.’ But
   even as planes of the multinational forces
attack Iraq, I prefer to think of peace, not war.
 I am convinced not only that we will prevail,
but that out of the horror of combat will come
     the recognition that no nation will be
  permitted to brutally assault its neighbor.”



         - President George Bush
 "One of the ironies of George Bush's life is that a
 fundamentally decent man presided over a moment
 when politics got meaner and rougher... Lee Atwater
 and these henchmen for Bush looking for the so-
 called wedge issues, not really staying on the high
 road and talking about the great issues of the day,
 but rather sniping at their opponent to find some
 weakness in him. And Bush put up with that."
1989
1991
1992
     End of the Cold War, a Mixed Blessing?

 For Europe, threat of Soviet Union was over and
 Eastern Europe was free from Soviet domination
    But many nations were underdeveloped, not used to
     democracy, unstable as nations
 Although U.S. had won as world’s only remaining
 superpower…Now What
    Remain interventionist, if so when and how?
    Revert to isolationism?
                       The Gulf War

 U.S. had strategic
  interests
   Prevent Saddam from
    interfering with Middle
    Eastern oil production
   Keep Iraq and Iran
    balanced
 Saddam Hussein and Iraq
   Claimed retaking of
    natural Iraqi land
   Power grab, sought
    Kuwait’s oil reserves
          12/18/11

“A president is neither prince
 nor pope, and I don’t seek a
  window on men’s souls”
        - George H.W. Bush
        Outcomes of the Persian Gulf War
 Saddam Hussein ousted from
  Kuwait
   No Fly Zone, sanctions
    enforced, concern over
    weapson programs
   Take two? Invasion in 2003

 U.S. has permanent presence in
  Middle East
   Osama bin Laden inspired to
    attack the United States
 Emboldened Iran in the face of
  a weaker Iraq
   Especially since 2003
    invasion
          Bush’s Foreign Policy Approach

 Sought to establish a           Supporters: United
 "New World Order,“                States had to take on a
    Collective security           large role as world leader
    Multinational cooperation     to guard against human
    Breaking down Cold War        rights abuses, defend
     alliances and using           democratic regimes, and
     peaceful nations to stand     lead humanitarian
     united against rogue          efforts.
     states.
                                  Critics: Unrealistic for
                                   U.S. to engage where
                                   national interests not
                                   involved;
                                   catchphrase/gimmick of
                                   idealism
Bush Domestic Affairs
              Not Conservative Enough?

 Americans with
 Disabilities Act
    Required
     accommodations to be
     made for disabled
 Clean Air Act
    Set new standards curbing
     car emissions
 Both seen as betrayals
 for the Reagan
 Revolution
    Increased regulation, gov’t
     bureaucracy
     Clarence Thomas Anita Hill Hearings

 Sparked a national
  debate on Sexual
  Harassment in the
  workplace
 Illustrated that culture
  issues had lost some
  wider appeal
“The future is not an inheritance, it is
 an opportunity and an obligation…
 The most important family policy,
 urban policy, labor policy, minority
 policy, and foreign policy America
      can have is an expanding
  entrepreneurial economy of high-
      wage, high-skilled jobs.”
              - Bill Clinton
         Bill Clinton, a “New Democrat”

 Helped to rebrand the
 Democratic Party with his
 “New Democrat”
 centrist approach
  No longer New Deal
   liberals
     Pro-growth
     Strong on defense
     Tough on crime
     Reform welfare
     Balance budgets
               Clinton Domestic Agenda
 Motor Voter Law
   Allowed voter registration
    at RMV/DMV
 Don’t Ask Don’t Tell policy
  instituted (DADT)
   Gay men and women can
    serve as long as their sexual
    orientation is not known
 Family Medical Leave Act
   May receive 12 weeks of
    unpaid leave for
    medical/family reasons and
    still have job
    Modern Extensions of Clinton Era Issues

 Should the federal government be allowed to mandate
    that everyone have health care coverage?
   Do you believe that people should have to produce a
    photo I.D. in order to vote?
   Do you believe that DADT should have been repealed?
   What are your thoughts on the Defense of Marriage
    Act and the Justice Department’s decision to not
    defend it in court?
   Should assault weapons be banned? Should high
    capacity clips be banned? Should there be background
    checks and waiting periods for gun purchases?
                  Clinton Tough on Crime

 Clinton passed new
 stiffer gun control limits
    Brady Bill
        Mandatory waiting period
         of five days, background
         check required
    Assault Weapons Ban
        Placed limits on Assault
         weapons and high capacity
         clips over 10 rounds
    Instant background check
     still in effect, AWB expired
     in 2004
Branch
Davidian Cult,
Waco Texas
1993
ATF raided
compound, 51 day
seige took place
Led by David
Koresh
76 people died,
including 21
children and two
pregnant women
when the
compound was set
on fire from within
 Oklahoma City
 Bombing, 1996
Anti government act
of domestic
terrorism
committed when
Timothy McVeigh
set off a truck bomb
outside the federal
building killing 168
people killed and
wounding 680
others.
Committed on the
anniversary of the
Waco Siege
ending/fire
Provoked National
Debate:
 Regarding gun
control laws, guns
violence involving
youths.
High school cliques,
subcultures,
bullying and
intervention
Role of violent
video
games/movies in
                       Columbine High School shooting,
American society       April 20, 1999
                       Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold, 12
Increased emphasis
on school security
                       students killed, one teacher
  "The tank, the B-52, the fighter-
 bomber, the state controlled police
are the weapons of dictatorship. The
rifle is the weapon of democracy....”

     - Edward Abbey (American author)
           The Second Amendment

 "A well regulated       Should assault
 militia, being              weapons be banned?
 necessary to the           Should there be
 security of a free state,   background checks
 the right of the people     and waiting periods
 to keep and bear arms       for gun purchases?
 shall not be infringed.“  Should high capacity
                             clips be banned?
                             (anything over 10
                             rounds)
               Violence in Movies/TV

 Public Enemy, 1930s.
  Most violent film of the
  decade, had eight deaths
 Robocop, Die Hard, and
  Rambo each had over 60
  deaths
 1991, by the age of 18 the
  average viewer had
  witnessed some 40,000
  murders on TV
              The Contract with America

 Republicans gained
  control of both houses of
  Congress
 Sought to realign back
  with Reagan principles of
  smaller gov’t, cut welfare,
  balance budgets, etc.
     Over estimated mandate
      with gov’t shutdown in
      1994.
     Welfare Reform Act of
      1996
                1/10/11

"Segregation is no longer the law, but
 too often separation is still the rule."

            - Bill Clinton, 1997
                           A Racial Divide
 Harsh racial tone during decade
    Affirmative Action policies
     repealed by Proposition 209 in
     C.A.
 Thurgood Marshall, Supreme
  Court justice commented that
  Americans had “given up on
  integration.”
 Persistence of inequality
   1972 income of black families
     were 1/3 less than white families
   Virtually unchanged 20 years
     later
   Sharp declines in black test
     scores, achievement gap
     remained
             Rodney King Riots, L.A. 1992

 In reaction to four white
  officers being “not guity”
  of excessive force, L.A.
  erupted into rioting
     Verdict ignited an already
      tense atmosphere
       Mistrust towards police
       Urban decay
       Defacto segregation
                   O.J. Simpson Trial

 85% of African
  Americans agreed with
  the “not guilty” verdict
 34% of whites agreed
 In response, inclusive
  “Million Man March” on
  Washington (half a
  million)
               Racial Ambivalence?

 1964 1 in 5 whites lived near a black neighbor
 1994 3 in 5 whites did so
 1968 17% of whites and 48% of blacks approved of
  interracial marriage
 1994 had increased to 45% for whites and 68% for
  blacks
 Yet was there a voluntary racial apartheid?
       Clinton’s Foreign Policy: Undefined
 Hesitant to intervene disaster
  during humanitarian mission
  to Somalia
 Avoided genocide in Bosnia
  1993, Rwanda 1995,
 Successfully intervened in 1999
  in Kosovo
 Brokered Israeli/Palestinian
  peace agreements, pathway to
  statehood
   Only to be shattered by
     extremists on both sides
    Clinton’s Defense…said with a straight face!
 “I have not had sex with her as I
    defined it”
   My understanding of this
    definition is it covers contact by
    the person being deposed with the
    enumerated areas, if the contact is
    done with an intent to arouse or
    gratify”
   Clinton had not made any effort to
    arouse or gratify Lewinsky, he had
    therefore not “had sex”
   “It depends on how you define
    alone”
   When pressed if lawyer’s previous
    statement “that there is absolutely
    no sex of any kind,” Clinton said it
    was not untrue because “it depends
    on what the meaning of the word
    ‘is’ is.”
   Longest Economic Expansion in History

 1998 unemployment down to 4.5%, lowest since 60s
 Inflation down to 1%, lowest since 50s
 Fed. Gov’t had first surplus since 69’
 By 2000, 237 billion surplus
 Dot.com boom, some 200 companies went public,
  raised 20 billion
 NASDAQ doubled from Oct 1999-March 2000
 Crash in spring, NASDAQ lost half its value, 2 trillion
  in stocks lost
Free trade
agreement under
Clinton
Effects are
controversial;
lowers cost of
goods, creates
opportunities for
American
companies
Or…
Lost jobs to Mexico
with available
                      North American Free Trade
cheap labor           Agreement or NAFTA

				
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