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COMBATING ILLEGAL LOGGING

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COMBATING ILLEGAL LOGGING Powered By Docstoc
					Law Enforcement and Compliance:



          Illegal logging




           Aniko M. Nemeth, REC
                 April 2009


                                  www.rec.org
Forest assets

1. Economic: wood/non-wood production;
   employment
2. Social: social and cultural functions
3. Environmental: biodiversity conservation,
   nutrient cycling, protection of microclimate

   + Global values: carbon storage, tourism and
   future genetic resource use


                                                  www.rec.org
Introduction

Definition of illegal logging


  Timber harvested, transported, processed and/or
  traded in contravention of the national laws of
  the country of harvest and certain international
  treaties such as the Convention on International
  Trade in Endangered Species (CITES).



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Introduction

Illegal logging may take place in a variety of ways

    • Extracting timber products without permission,
      including from reserves and protected areas
    • Gaining access to forests through corrupt dealings
    • Cutting protected species
    • Cutting more than the legally agreed limit.




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Introduction: Causes of illegal logging
    Underlying causes are usually complex, and often lie
    outside the forestry sector

• Poverty
• Commercial exploitation of timber
• Corruption and general failure of governance
• Unclear, controversial or non-existent policies and
  legislation governing the use of forest resources
• Weak institutional structures
• Inability to monitor and enforce the regulations
• Interest groups benefiting from a status quo and actively
  resisting change


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Consequences of illegal logging
• Environmental implications: loss of
  biodiversity, deforestation/forest degradation,
  desertification, climate change
• Economic and social consequences: revenue
  loss for the government, corruption, undermining
  the rule of law and good governance, contributing
  to organised crime, weakening the fabric of
  society
• Cross-border impacts: tensions, hindering
  regional sustainable development

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Consequences of illegal logging
• Undermining many essential elements of the
  European development objectives:

   - public sector financing
   - targeted development objectives (addressing
     poverty, peace, security, good governance)
   - the fight against corruption
   - sustainable development



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    Actions: International response
     The World Bank: Forest Law Enforcement
     and Governance (FLEG)
•    2001 First Ministerial FLEG Conference for East
     Asia
•    2002 Forest Strategy: Commitment to take action
     to curb illegal logging and other forest crimes
•    Regional ministerial FLEG initiatives:
         1.   2001- East Asia and the Pacific
         2.   2003 - Africa
         3.   2005 - Europe and North Asia.
         4.   Latin America and the Caribbean: activities for a potential
              FLEG initiative are under way



                                                                  www.rec.org
Actions: The European response
   The EU Action Plan for Forest Law Enforcement,
                Governance and Trade (FLEGT)
Measures:
• Support to timber–producing countries
• Activities to promote trade in legal timber (VPA)
• Promoting public procurement policies
• Support for private sector initiatives
• Safeguards for financing and investment
• Use of existing legislative instruments or adoption of
   new legislation to support the plan
• Addressing the problem of conflict timber


                                                      www.rec.org
FLEGT
Measures to combat illegal logging and associated trade by influencing
both demand and supply.

• Partnership agreements with producer countries that support:
      - governance reforms
      - measures regulating and controlling timber trade
      - measures to verify the legality of products

• Measures to increase demand for legally sourced timber:
     - public procurement policies
     - private sector initiatives
     - financing and investment, e.g. lending criteria
     - awareness raising


                                                                 www.rec.org
FLEGT partnerships
• Binding agreements between the EU and partner
  countries: together stop illegal logging and improve forest
  management

• Strengthen producer countries’ efforts to improve
  governance (capacity building, improved control and
  monitoring, transparency)

• Introduce export licences to the EU based on legality
  verification. Legality = compliance with appropriate laws
  of partner country

• Secure and improve EU market access

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The key elements of Voluntary Partnership
Agreements (VPAs)

• Commitment to develop legal and administrative
  structures/systems to verify produced timber
• Legislative/regulatory reforms where relevant
• Monitoring
• Legality assurance system
• Social safeguards: mitigate negative impacts on poor
• Stakeholder involvement (capacity building for
  government/NGOs/private sector)
• Transparency measures
• Trade promotion
• Consultation and communications

                                                www.rec.org
Illegal logging: REC project
•   Fact-finding report on the magnitude, severity, practices
    and consequences of illegal logging in selected
    countries
•   Diagnostic audits to evaluate capacities to address the
    issue of illegal logging according to international
    standards
•   Action plan/concrete recommendations directed at
    specific institutions and relevant actors
•   Conferences and events to bring attention to the
    problem of illegal logging

    http://illegallogging.rec.org/home.html


                                                       www.rec.org
Thank you for your attention.


      Aniko Mudra-Nemeth
       AMudra@rec.org



                                www.rec.org

				
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