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25 April – Portugal history

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After the military coup of May 28, 1926, Portugal was a scheme inspired by fascism, which he named New State, and the country directed by Professor Oliveira Salazar

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									25 April – Portugal history



After the military coup of May 28, 1926, Portugal was a scheme

inspired by fascism, which he named New State, and the country

directed by Professor Oliveira Salazar, who would leave this position in 1968,

due to brain damage. Marcello Caetano was replacing it, to the famous

April day.

During the Estado Novo, Portugal lived in the eyes of the world, a period

dictatorial. There elections, despite being very challenged, since the

government was accused of electoral fraud and breach of impartiality.

The opponents of the regime were persecuted by a police policy

state, the principle PVDE (Police State Surveillance and Protection), passing

after being called PIDE (International Police and the State Defense)

later DGH (Directorate General of Security). Despite the challenge of

global organizations like the UN, Portugal maintained its police force,

like colonies, which caused some social problems. Abbot School Baçal

Bragança

Historia de Portugal - 9th Year 4

Regarding the economy, the country went through a stage not much

prosperous. In the 1960s, Portugal showed up very poor, which

fostered emigration. However, has been a development glimpsing

economic thereafter.

In short, there was not before April:

8 Freedom.

8 The Constitution does not guarantee citizens' rights.

8 There were no free elections.

8 There was censorship in the press, cinema, theater, visual arts,
music and writing.

8 The political activities, associations and unions were almost

null and controlled by police.

8 The opposition to the regime were persecuted by political police

(PIDE / DGS).

8 Portugal was involved in colonial wars in Angola, Guinea and

Mozambique.

8 Many schools had playgrounds and separate rooms for boys and

girls.

8 You could not drink Coca-Cola.

								
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