To assess the overall flexibility of active adults and athletes
Joint 1 Hypomobile 2 3 4 Normal Mobility
Shoulder ROM (Attempt Patient can reach arms Patient can reach to Patient can make contact Patient can lock their hand
to meet hands behind the behind back, but no scapular spines and can with finger tips. Can reach behind their back. Can
back. Attempt to touch further than ASIS and past reach to mid-lumbar area. within 1 inch of the make contact with inferior
inferior angle of the the neck. Cannot reach Can reach within 2 inches inferior scapular angle. angle of the scapula.
scapula on the ipsilateral ipsilateral inferior scapular of the inferior scapular
side angle. angle.
Hamstrings (Touch toes) 10 inches or more from Less than 10 inches from Between 5 inches and Able to reach toes or
touching toes. Cannot fully touching toes. Cannot fully touching toes. Knees fully further with knees fully
extend knees. extend knees. extended. extended.
Quadriceps (Taking heel to Can reach 90° knee bend. Passed 90° to 110° with At least 110° knee bend 140°+ knee bend with an
buttock, prone or Trying to bend forward to forward trunk bend to with a erect trunk. erect or extended trunk
standing) compensate. compensate
Neck ROM (take ear to Less than 10° lateral head 10°-20° lateral head tilt 20°-30° lateral head tilt Greater than 30° lateral
shoulder, chin to chest) tilt and compensating by and compensating by without raising the head tilt without raising
raising the clavicle. Unable raising the clavicle. Slight clavicle. Able to bend neck the clavicle. Able to touch
to bend head forward. forward head tilt and forward within 2 inches of chin to chest.
Unequal bilaterally. rounding the shoulders for the chin.
What does your score mean?
4-8 Needs Improvement: You are considered hypomobile. Lack of flexibility may cause unnessecary pain/discomfort in regular daily activities.
Improve flexibility by stretching 3-5 times per day, every day.
9-12 Good: You are inflexible in some areas. Having poor flexibility increases the risk of injury in active daily living and athletics. Improve
flexibility by stretching 3-5 times per day, every day.
13-16 Excellent: Maintaining your current flexibility is important to prevent injury and unnessesary stress on the body. Always stretch after an
active warm-up and after exercise.
This scale has been made to motivate you to improve your health and flexibility to avoid injury and enjoy your life pain-free.
References: Starkey, C. Ryan, J. (2002). Evaluation of Orthopedic and Athletic Injuries, 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis Company.