Belfast by xiaopangnv

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									        Belfast
          Presented by:
    Anna Horstkotte, Stephanie
Kampmann, Anja Kramer and Melanie
            Neuhaus
                 Overview
I.     Introduction
II.    History
III.   Religious Conflict
IV.    Politics and Economy
V.     Tourism
VI.    Belfast Dialect
              I. Introduction
                 - Geography -
 Capital of Northern
  Ireland
 located in the East of
  Northern Ireland
 Belfast Lough at the
  mouth of River Lagan
 ringed by high hills,
  sea lough and river
  valley
                      Geography
 Province of Ulster
 Population
       city of Belfast: 275.000
        people
       greater Belfast area:
        550.000 people
                 II. History
1.   Early History
2.   Founding of the City
3.   Expansion during the Industrial Time
4.   The 20th Century
5.   The Second World War
6.   Recent History
          1. Early History
 the side of Belfast has been occupied
  since the Bonze Ages
 in 1177 a Norman Fortress was founded
       2. Founding of the City
 in 1603 Belfast is founded by English and
  Scottish settlers
 plan of Sir Arthur Chinester to colonise
  and remove Irish Catholics from the land
 tension with the existing Irish Catholic
  population, rebellion in 1641
 later small number of French Hugenots
  settle, fleeing persecution
3. Expansion during the Industrial Time
 in the 19th Century Belfast becomes
  Ireland’s pre-eminent industrial city
 migrants come to Belfast from all across
  Ireland, Scotland and England
 in that period first outbreaks of sectarian
  riots
 in 1901 Belfast is the largest city in Ireland
           4. The 20th Century
   Belfast becomes the center of Irish unionism
   in 1922 Belfast is declared the capital of
    Northern Ireland
   period after the partition is marked by vicious
    sectarian disturbance and dramatic hardening of
    the city’s sectarian boundaries
   after the creation of Northern Ireland many
    Catholics leave the city
   Belfast suffers during the Great Depression
    5. The Second World War
 During  the second world war Belfast is one
  of the main cities bombed by the Germans
  in the United Kingdom
 Belfast is a target because of its
  concentration on heavy shipbuilding and
  aerospace industry
            6. Recent History
 in the early 1980th devastation of the city’s
  economy due to general decline of
  manufacturing industry
 in 1997 unionists loose control of the Belfast City
  Council for the first time in history
 since then two Catholic mayors: one from the
  SDLP and one from the Sinn Féin
 in 1994 ceasefires, although communal
  segregation has continued and occasional low
  level street violence still occurs
         III. Religious Conflict
                Overview

1.   Cultural/ Religious Groupings
2.   The partition of Ireland
3.   Religion and Class
4.   Policing
5.   Situation in 2004
1. Cultural/ Religious Groupings
    Main Churches:

   Catholic Church
    The Church of Ireland (Protestant Anglican)
    The Presbyterian Church
    The Methodist Church

   Protestant/ Unionist
    The Apprentice Boysof Derry
    The Orange Order
    The Royal Black Institution

   Catholic/ Nationalist
    The Ancient Order of Hibernians
       2. The Partition of Ireland
   Origins of the troubles - debate over whether
    Ireland, or part of Ireland, should be part of the
    United Kingdom
   Some Irish felt anger over their treatment by the
    British
   1922 – partition of Ireland into two seperate
    regions, one of them “Northern Ireland“
   Northern Ireland - self-governing region of the
    United Kingdom
   Nationalists – illegal and immoral division of the
    island against the will of its people
          3. Religion and Class
 Clear  divide in terms of religion
 Left-right divide between the various
  communities
 Northern Ireland of the 1960s needed
  change:
     Civil Rights Movement (moderate
     nationalists): wide reforms
     Republicans: radical change
               4. Policing
 Royal  Ulster Constabulary (RUC) – largely
  Protestant
 Catholics did not join in the numbers
  expected by the British
 Policing review – some reforms of policing
 Renaming of the RUC – avoid using the
  word “Royal“
          5. Situation in 2004
 Irish and British Government continue to
  seek a solution
 Good Friday Agreement: period that came
  after the Troubles, the Northern Ireland
  peace process
 “Marching Seasons“: anti- Catholic Orange
  Order Parade through various
  neighbourhoods;
            IV. Politics and Economy
                    1. Politics
       51 councillors elected to Belfast City Council in
        the local goverment elections in 2005
         15 Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)
         14 Sinn Féin
         8 Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)
         7 Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)
         4 Alliance Party
         2 Progressive Unionist Party (PUP)
         1 Independent
               1. Politics
4  UK parliamentary and Assembly
  constituencisies (North, West, South &
  East Belfast)
 In the general election 2005 they elected 2
  DUP MP´s, 1 SDLP MP & 1 Sinn Féin MP
             2. Economy
 Port and shipbuilding industry very
  important
 The world´s largest drydock is located in
  the city (Titanic & Thomas Andrews)
 famous for linen industry and rope-making
 Tourism is also important for the city
               V. Tourism
1.   Transport & Hotels
2.   Top 5 things to do
3.   Ulster Museum
4.   Events
          1. Transport & Hotels
You can travel by:   Many opportunities to
                      stay:
 Plane
 Train               Bed & Breakfast
 Car                 self catering

 Ship                Guesthouses
                      Hotels up to 5*
          2. Top 5 things to do
1.   visit Belfasts historical sights
2.   go to Ulster Museum
3.   shopping
4.   make a trip around the pubs
5.   enjoy the nightlife in the city
          3. Ulster Museum
 Museum     was opened 1833
 It got the name “Ulster Museum“ in 1962
  as it was transferred to trustees
 the museum now has 8.000 square meters
 Exhibition of a big collection of
  ethnographic items, arts, archaeology,
  geology etc.
 It has the status of being Northern Irelands
  national museum
                   4. Events
 Dance
     World Irish Dancing Championship
 Music
     Festivals, Opera, Musicals
 Sports
     Belfast city Marathon
              VI. Belfast Dialect
   Inculdes a number of features of Ulster Scots
    origin
   Vocabulary: mebbe (maybe), thon (than), yer
    (your), ay (yes) and ye (you)
   gramatical and syntactical features: for til and for
    to (e.g. „I‘m waiting on ye for til wash the car.“ or
    „He‘s come over for to see the film.“)
   Avoiding auxiliaries shall, ought and may
   use of is and was (e.g. „Yer man and me is…“ or
    „Him and me eats everything.“)
              Bibliography
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belfast
 http://www.geographia.com/northern-
  ireland/ukibel00.htm
 http://www.scots-
  online.org/grammar/belfast.htm
 www.gotobelfast.com

								
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