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Early 1800s

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					       Chapters 6-8
      Pages 174-245
Standard III: Objectives 2 &
              3
     Era of Expansion
   1803 - The U.S. government wanted to
    expand its territory in the west
   Napoleon, leader of France, refused to sell New
    Orleans but agreed to sell all of the French
    claims known as Louisiana.
   U.S. offered Napoleon $15 million for the
    land
   President Jefferson was weary of it because he
    thought it was unconstitutional
   Purchase increased the national debt and the
    size of the United States
   1804 - After the Louisiana purchase, Jefferson
    wanted to finance a expedition to explore the
    area included in the purchase
   He chose his private secretary Meriwether
    Lewis to lead the expedition with Clark as
    his companion
   Goal was to search for river routes to the
    Pacific Ocean, make contact with Native
    Americans, and gather information about
    natural resources
   Journey was a success
   Proposed by Henry Clay after the War of 1812
   Economic plan based on the “American
    School” of ideas of Alexander Hamilton
   Supported construction of roads, a
    national bank, and form a national
    currency
   Helped produce a sense of nationalism and
    awareness that the economic infrastructure
    needed help
   American system was passed during this time
   Started after the War of 1812
   Victories during the war spurred this era
    and gave Americans a sense of pride
   James Monroe was re-elected as the 5th
    President of the U.S.
   The era gave a pause to bitter debates over the
    protective tariff and the Second National Bank
   Yet, slavery came to the forefront as national
    issue
   1820-Agreement passed between pro-slavery and
    anti-slavery factions in the United States Congress
   Prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana
    Territory (Remember Louisiana Purchase)
    except within the boundaries of the
    Missouri
   There was also the issue of Alabama being
    admitted as a slave state and Maine as free state
   Free and slave states were now equal
   Famous document in American history and foreign
    policy
   Brought about by President James Monroe in 1823
    during his yearly address to Congress
   Document proclaimed that European powers
    would no longer colonize or interfere with the
    affairs of the newly independent nations of the
    Americas
   The U.S. planned to not get involved with
    internal affairs of European countries
   The U.S. recognized the existing colonies and
    states in the Western Hemisphere
   Admitted as the 22nd state in 1819
   Problems of finance due to the lack of
    money being circulated
   Poor and corrupt management of the banks
   Economy based largely on cotton
   Hence, the desire to own slaves
   1830-Indian Removal Act paved the way for
    white settlers to move in
   Joined Confederate States of America prior to
    the Civil War
   Andrew Jackson-Became the nation’s 7th
    President in 1829
   Start of a new era in American democracy
   Jacksonian Democracy-Period of politics
    that saw a great increase in the power and
    respect for the common man
   Patronage-Elected officials that are given
    government jobs to friends and supporters
   This became known as the Spoils System
    under Jackson’s term in office
   Nullification Crisis
   Congress had passed the Tariff of 1828 to
    encourage American manufacturing
   Forced Southerners to pay higher prices for goods
   South Carolina felt that states had the
    right to nullify, or reject, federal laws if
    they felt it to be unconstitutional
   South Carolina threatened to secede from the
    Union
   A compromise was made
   1831
   A series of laws were passed in Georgia
    that stripped Cherokee Indians of their
    rights
   U.S. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the
    Cherokees in a later case (Worcester v.
    Georgia)
   Georgia could not impose laws upon
    Cherokee tribal lands
   1830
   Jackson supported actions of states breaking
    federal treaties by controlling Indian lands in
    their states
   Jackson encouraged Congress to pass the
    Indian Removal Act, which gave the
    Indians land in parts of the Louisiana
    Purchase
   Jackson relocated 100,000 members of 5 tribes
    to Oklahoma
   1838
   Treaty of New Echota
   “Trail Where We Cried”
   U.S. Army forced more than 15,000 Cherokee
    Indians into camps
   Settlers burned their homes
   Cherokees made the nightmare journey for
    116 days
   1 out of every five Indian died on the journey
    to western lands

				
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