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Ferocious Vikings By Andrew M. Early History • The early Vikings originated in the countries Norway, Denmark, and Sweden .These three countries are commonly called Scandinavia. • The name Viking comes from the word Vikingr, which meant “pirate.” • During the 9th and 10th centuries A.D.the Vikings invaded countries throughout western Europe. • The Vikings were also known as the greatest seafarers of their age. How did the Vikings live? • Farmers grew barely and oats for bread. • Farmers also grew corn ,peas, onions, garlic, and cabbages. • Vikings drank a lot of beer at both everyday meals and feasts with friends. • The women brewed the beer from malted barely. Daily Viking Lives • Most Viking men were farmers or fishermen. • Vikings lived with their families in structures called longhouses. • The longhouses were usually built near water. • The living room was the most important room of the Viking home. Viking Boys • Until Viking boys were five years old their parents raised and cared for them. • By working side by side Viking boys learned how ton raise and grow crops. • Boys were taught to be skilled warriors. Viking Women • Viking woman were expected to do all the work. • Girls were taught to spin wool and flax to make cloth. • Most girls didn’t go on raids. Short History Of The Viking Longship • The average length of the • The Drakkar was very Drakkar was 28 meters. sturdy and flexible. • The Drakkar was • The drakkar is also constructed using the known as the clinker design. Longship. • The prow ornament was • At night the sail was removed at sea. removed. Early Vikings The Knarr • The Knarr was not long, sleek and built for speed like the longship. • Under full sail the Knarr could travel at 10 knots. • The Knarr was constructed in the clinker method. • The Knarr was used to haul cargo long distances. Viking facts • The height of Viking culture lasted just about 400 years. • Viking warriors believed that fighting brought glory to their families. • The Vikings enjoyed playing games and sports. • From A.D 800-900 Vikings raided Spain, Italy, North Africa, Germany, and Russia. Viking Gods • Tiu is the god of war and battles and was missing one hand.Tuesday is named for this god. • Thor is the god of thunder and was the eldest son of Odin and he protected humans against the dangerous giants. • Hela is the goddess of death and the underworld.Hela’s body was half flesh-colored and half blackish blue. More Viking Gods • Fernis is the Vicious wolf and was another of Loki’s children. • Balderis was the most beloved God and was the handsome and wise son of Odin and Frigga. The first day of the week, Sunday, is named after him. • Odin was the God of death, war, and wisdom. He lived in his castle, Valhalla. • Loki was the trickster God.
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