Public-Private Partnerships in Transportation Infrastructure by dfhdhdhdhjr

VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 31

									Center for International Intelligent Transportation Research

Paso Del Norte
Regional Mobility Information System
Challenges and Opportunities




Rajat Rajbhandari                                   TBWG Data Workshop
Texas Transportation Institute                      Detroit, Michigan
                                                    June 4, 2008
El Paso, Texas



                                                                                  1
                                                         Transportation Operations Group
Agenda

   Defining Goals and Objectives of the System
   Developing Framework for the System
   Designing and Implementing the System
   Challenges and Opportunities
   Creating a Sustainable System
   Future of PDN Regional Mobility Information System
   Video Demonstration of PDN RMIS Website




                                                         2
Defining Goals and Objectives of the System
                                                                                                                                                                        Annual Traffic Delay in the El Paso Area
                                                                                                                                                             8000




                                                                                                                  Annual Delay (person-hours in thousands)
                                                                                                                                                             7000

                                                                                                                                                             6000

                                                                                                                                                             5000

                                                                                                                                                             4000

                                                                                                                                                             3000

                                                                                                                                                             2000

                                                                                                                                                             1000

                                                                                                                                                                0
                                                                                                                                                                1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002




                                                                                                                                                                                                   Traffic Congestion




 Border Congestion
                                Annual Volume of Trucks Entering into United States from mexico
                                                 through POEs in El Paso Only
                         1000
                                                                                            All POEs in El Paso
                                                                                            BOTA Only
                          800
 Trucks (in Thousands)




                          600


                          400


                          200


                           0
                                  1994   1995   1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003    2004



                                                                                                                                                                                                                         3
Defining Goals and Objectives of the System

      Raising awareness of the need for data collection planning
      Increasing amount of transportation data being collected
      Increasing quality of transportation data being collected
      Increasing recognition of the value of data
      Encouraging similar efforts in other areas of transportation


                             Creating a centralized transportation data archive
                                                                           and
                                       Providing advanced traveler information



Adopted From: Closing the Data Gap: Guidelines for Quality Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS) Data Version 1.0, ITS America and
U.S. Department of Transportation, September 2000.

                                                                                                                                           4
Defining Objectives of the System

     ARCHIVED TRANSPORTATION DATA

     Long and Short Range Planning
     Model Calibration
     Performance Monitoring
                                      Provide a common medium to store and
                                       relay multi-modal transportation data

     ADVANCED TRAVELER INFORMATION
     Incident Information
     Roadway Conditions
     Border Crossing Information
     Weather Alerts



                                                                          5
Defining Objectives of the System


                                                                               Vehicle Sensors

                                                                               Dynamic Message
                                    Motorist
                  Internet                                TransVista                Signs
                                  Information
                                                                               Highway Advisory
                                Aggregated            TxDOT Design and              Radio
                                Traffic Data              Planning
                                                                                    CCTV
                                Aggregated               El Paso MPO
                                Traffic Data

                                Border Wait Times    Customs and Border
                  Internet
                              Number of Lanes Open       Protection
              PDN Regional
                 Mobility          Incidents         City of El Paso/PD/FD
                   Internet
  Internet     Information
                  System      Transit Location            Sun Metro
                              Transit Ridership       (Bus Dispatch, Kiosks)


                                                         Local Media,
                                   Traveler            Traveling Public,
                                 Information          Commercial Vehicle
                                                          Operators

                                Border Crossing
                  Internet                                    IMIP
                                    Images

                                    Weather
                  Internet                                   NOAA




                                                                                                  6
Developing Framework of the System

       Outlining “vision” to determine data needs and priorities
       Determining and defining the region (boundaries) and roadways
       Identifying data types produced by stakeholders
       Considering local factors regarding traffic and border crossing needs
       Estimating procurement costs and synchronizing strategies with funding profile




Adopted From: Closing the Data Gap: Guidelines for Quality Advanced Traveler Information System (ATIS) Data Version 1.0, ITS America and
U.S. Department of Transportation, September 2000.
                                                                                                                                           7
Developing Framework of the System

                Extract Traffic and Border Crossing Data from
                             Diverse Data Sources
                                                                                           TIER 1
                                                                                      DATA EXTRACTION




       Travel                   Camera
        Time         Traffic                                              HAZMAT
                               Snapshots
                                               CBP Inspection           Information
                     Speed
                                                Lanes Open
                                                                RFID Border
      Weather    Incidents                  CBP Border          Crossing Time
                                           Crossing Delay

                                                                                           TIER 2
                                                                                        DATA FUSION

      Archived Information                            Real-Time Information

                                                                                             TIER 3
                                                                                      DATA DISSEMINATION
        Planners, Engineers,                       Motorists, Freight Carriers and
            Researchers                                       Shippers

                                                                                                           8
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase I – 2006 Scoping and Needs


              Phase I –2006            Phase II – 2007        Phase III – 2008
           Scoping and Needs          Design and Build     O & M and Expansion




   Identifying the overall needs and purpose of mobility information system
   Identifying stakeholders in the region
   Identifying desired outcomes from the system according to stakeholder needs
   Identifying sources and types of data availability

   Defining and designing conceptual operation of the system



                                                                                  9
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build



             Phase I – 2006            Phase II – 2007              Phase III – 2008
           Scoping and Needs        Design and Build             O & M and Expansion




    Establishing a systems architecture (3-tier architecture)
    Defining interfaces between data sources and the system
    Developing functional requirements of the system
    Defining processes for data extraction, fusion and dissemination
    Procuring of software and hardware



                                                                                       10
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build
        Data Extraction                                    Data Fusion                                       Data Dissemination

                          Data Extraction    Data Filter and                 Data Storage   Data Delivery       Data Use
                             Process          Aggregation



                           Extract Raw                          Extraction
     Microwave Vehicle
                         Vehicle Detector                                                   SQL Reporting
          Sensors
                               Data                                                           Service
                                                                  Filter



                                                               Aggregation
                                                                                                             Web-Based User
                                                                                                                              Internet
                                                                                                                Interface



                                                           Aggregated
                                                           Traffic Data
        Internet           Extract IMIP                                                     Convert to XML
                          Border Images         Border                                       Data Format
                                               Crossing                        Stored
                          Extract Hourly       Images                        Procedures
                          Weather Data                      Hourly
         Internet
                           from NOAA                        Weather          SQL Server
                                                             Data             Agents
                          Extract Incident       Hourly
         Internet          Data from EP         Incident                        SSIS
                                                  Data                        Packages
                          Extract Border                     Cross
                          Wait Times and                   Border Wait
         Internet                                             Time
                         Lanes Open from
                               CBP
                                                 HS Threat
                                                   Level
                         Extract Homeland         Advisory
         Internet         Security Threat
                          Level Advisory



                                                                                                                                         11
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build

                       Traffic Data


                                       Dimensions
           Weather                                                    HAZMAT
            Data                       Segment ID                   Crossing Data
                                       Sensor ID
                                       Route ID
                                       Port of Entry ID
                                       Inspection Lane ID              Border Crossing
                                                                         Time Data
       Incident
                                       Event ID
         Data
                                       Date and Time ID




      CBP Border
     Crossing Delay

                                                  HS Threat Level
                      CBP Inspection                 Advisory
                       Lanes Open
                                                                                         12
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build
                                        Amber Alerts
 Traffic
 Incidents
                                        Weather Alerts

 Traffic Images


                                        Airport Info
 Border Crossing Delay
 from CBP
                                        DMS Messages
 Inspection Lanes
 Open
                                        Vehicle Sensors

 Threat Advisory
 Level                                  Highway Speed

 IMIP Border
 Images




                                                   13
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build

 Congestion                               Dashboard Reports
 Monitoring



 Performance
 Monitoring


 Micro and                              Summary Statistics of
 Macroscopic                            Border Crossing Delay
 Calibration Tools
                                             from CBP

                                          Data Mining Tools
 Data Mining Tools
                                         for Border Crossing


 Aggregated Volume
 and Speed




                                                        14
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase II – 2007 Design and Build

               Data Type                   Archive Period      Archive Frequency    Display Frequency
    Traffic and Truck Volume and Speed          2 years            30 seconds            1 minute

  Segment Travel Time, Other Performance                        1, 15, 60 minutes
                                                2 years                                  1 minute
                  Indices                                           24 hours
                                           1 week and purged
  Highway Surveillance Camera Snapshots                            30 minutes            1 minute
                                               then after
              DMS Messages                       None                None               20 minutes

             Incident Location                  2 years            60 minutes           20 minutes

             NOAA Weather                       2 years            60 minutes           60 minutes

       CBP – Inspection Lanes Open             1.5 years           60 minutes           60 minutes

       CBP – Border Crossing Delay             1.5 years           60 minutes           60 minutes

      Homeland Security Threat Level
                                               1 month             60 minutes           60 minutes
                Advisory
              Border Images                      None              5 minutes            60 minutes



                                                                                                        15
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase III – 2008 O & M and Expansion


             Phase I – 2006            Phase II – 2007         Phase III – 2008
           Scoping and Needs          Design and Build      O & M and Expansion


   Calibrating the system to verify system performance
   Modifying system components until acceptable performance is achieved
   Maintaining and monitoring the performance of the system
   Providing enhancements according to operational experience
   Adding processes and functions to maintain the system
   Expansion of PDN RMIS by
     – Integrating with border crossing information
     – Integrating with HAZMAT monitoring system
                                                                                  16
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase III – 2008 O & M and Expansion




                                                           Secure FTP
                                                             Access

                                             Terminal at
                                             BorerComm




                                                                 RMIS

     Location of 16 cameras installed by
    Instituto Municipal de Investigacion y
       Planeacion at US/Mexico Border




                                                                        17
Designing and Implementing the System

Phase III – 2008 O & M and Expansion
                                                                          RFID Readers Being
                                                                           Installed by DPS

   RMIS



                                    Wireless
                                    Modems




              Dedicated
              Terminal




                          RFID Readers Being
                            Installed by TTI
                                               Bridge of the Americas, El Paso, Texas
                                                                                               18
Challenges and Opportunities

Overcoming Constraints with Innovative Ideas


                                                   Read and Parse Incident
   Request Direct Access                                 Reports from             Incident
      to Data Source                                City of El Paso Website         Data



    Commitment from
       Agencies
                              Applications to       Read and Parse Border
                              Automatically          Crossing Delay from        CBP Border
                                                         CBP Website           Crossing Delay
                           Read Agency Websites
     Willing to Help,
   But Time Consuming



                                                  Read and Parse Number of
   Find Alternative Ways                                                       CBP Inspection
                                                  Inspection Lanes Open from
       to Extract Data                                                          Lanes Open
                                                          CBP Website




                                                                                             19
Challenges and Opportunities

Overcoming Constraints with Innovative Ideas
                                                                              TransVista FTMS
                                                                            Server collects traffic
                                                                             data from sensors



                           Processes and stores      FTMS Server Pushes
                                raw data               Raw Data to TTI


    TTI Web
     Server

                              TTI SQL Server               TTI Host
                                                                                Modem, PCAnywhere,
                                                                               Standalone Applications


                                                                          TTI initially requested a
                                                                          more efficient WIRELESS
                                                  Advanced Traveler              connection
                                                     Information
  Interactive Reports of
   Aggregate Data and
 Performance Measures




                                                                                                      20
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating a Value-Added System



  HAZMAT Information
           +
                                Value of PDN Regional
    Border Crossing
                                 Mobility Information
     Information

           +                              +
   Traffic Information          Value of PDN Regional
                                 Mobility Information

                                          +
                                Value of PDN Regional
                                 Mobility Information




                                                    21
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating New Opportunities – By Providing Tools to Identify Cause-Effect




Agg Volume = Aggregate Volume            Visibility = Visibility in Miles
Avg Speed Miles = Average Speed in MPH   AvgSp = Average Speed of Vehicles in MPH
                                         AvgVol = Volume of Vehicles

                                                                                    22
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating New Opportunities – By Providing Tools for Reality Mining
                                           Number of C ommerc ial V ehic le Ins pec tion L anes Open and D elay at B ridg e of the
                                          Americ as , E l P as o, T ex as during the Week of D ec ember 12, 2007 as R eported by C B P

                         35                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       5
                                                              Delay on S tandard L anes
                                                              Delay on F as t L anes
                         30                                   F as t L anes O pen
                                                              S tandard L anes O pen                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              4

                         25
      Delay (Minutes )




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  3




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      L anes Open
                         20



                         15
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2


                         10

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1
                          5


                          0                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       0
                                                                                                                                                        12/11-Noon




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              12/12-Noon
                              12/10-6am


                                                       12/10-4pm
                                                                   12/10-9am


                                                                                            12/10-3pm
                                                                                                        12/11-7am
                                                                                                                    12/11-9am
                                                                                                                                12/11-3pm
                                                                                                                                            12/11-5pm


                                                                                                                                                                     12/11-3pm
                                                                                                                                                                                 12/12-8am
                                                                                                                                                                                             12/12-5pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                         12/12-4pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     12/12-7am




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           12/12-5pm




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 12/13-7am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             12/13-8am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12/13-2pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     12/13-4pm
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 12/14-7am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             12/14-7am


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      12/14-4pm
                                          12/10-11am




                                                                               12/10-11am




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 12/12-10am




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       12/13-10am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    12/13-10am




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         12/14-10am
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    23
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating New Opportunities – By Providing Tools for Reality Mining

                                                        S tandard D eviation of D elay at B ridg e of the Americ as , E l P as o,
                                                      T exas D uring the Week of D ec ember 12, 2007 as R eported by C B P

                                               10
              S tandard Deviation (Minutes )




                                                8


                                                6


                                                4


                                                2


                                                0
                                                                     S tandard                                     F AS T
                                                                                   T ype of Inspec tion L a nes



                                                    FAST lanes are 4 times more reliable than Standard lanes

                                                                                                                                    24
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating New Opportunities– By Providing Platform to Add New Information
  RFID Readers Being Installed by
     NMSU through EPA Grant
                                                                                        RMIS




                                                         Wireless
                                                         Modems



                                                                    Dedicated
                                                                    Terminal




                                                                          Send Real-Time Hazmat
                                                                            Information to First
                                                                       Responders in New Mexico, El
                                                                              Paso, and Juarez
                Santa Teresa Port of Entry, New Mexico

                                                                                                 25
Challenges and Opportunities

Creating New Opportunities – By Developing State–of–the–Art System
                                               Non-
                                            Commerci
                                                 al                      Border
         Commercial
                                              Border                    Crossing
     Border Crossing Time
                                             Crossing                  Informatio
        Measurement
                                               Time                     n System
                                             Measure                                     International Border Crossing
                                              ment                                            Information System
    RFID-Based                  RFID-Based                 Provides real time
                                                              border crossing
    Measures border             Measures border
                                                              information to
     crossing time of             crossing time of
                                                              agencies and public
     commercial vehicles          non-commercial
                                  vehicles                   Provides historical
    Transmits
                                                              information to
     information to              Transmits                                          =
                            +                           =     planners and
     freight operators            information to
                                                              researchers
     and shippers                 motorists crossing
                                  the border                 Consistently and
                                                              objectively measures
                                                              border crossing
                                                              performance




                                                                                                                     26
Challenges and Opportunities

Leveraging New Funds

                      Commercial
     FHWA           Border Wait Time
                     Measurement

     UTCM            Border Crossing                                International Border Crossing
     CIITR         Information System                                    Information System
                   Estimating Benefits of
    SWUTC            Advanced Border
                       Crossing Data
                                            PDN Regional Mobility
                                             Information System
    SWUTC          HAZMAT Information
                        System



                       El Paso RFID
 City of El Paso     Non-Commercial
                     Border Wait Time
                      Measurement




                                                                                              27
Creating a Sustainable System

   Sustain growth of storage space                                                       Data Warehouse Estimated Growth
     – Efficiency of the system
                                                                             300




                                         Storage Requirement in Giga Bytes
   Sustain growth of transaction load                                       250
     – Licensing issues
                                                                             200
     – Growth of users
                                                                             150
   Sustain growth of data marts                                             100
     – Effect on storage capacity                                            50
     – Increases complexity
                                                                              0

   Sustain stakeholder support                                                    2008              2009            2010   2011
                                                                                                             Year
     – Keep stakeholders involved




                                                                                                                                   28
Future of PDN Regional Mobility Information System

   Who will operate and maintain the system in the long run?
     – How to obtain funding to operate and maintain the system.
     – How to charge fee to users?
   Could public-private partnership be a solution? Need to resolve institutional and
    technical issues, such as
     – Intellectual property rights
     – Access to data sources
     – Market analysis of user fee
   TTI is working on a project to perform a CROSS-CUTTING study on how Traffic
    Management Centers and Consortiums across U.S. handle INSTITUITIONAL issues




                                                                                        29
PDN Regional Mobility Information System Demo




                                                30
Contact Information


               Rajat Rajbhandari, Ph.D., P.E.
                Associate Research Engineer
                Texas Transportation Institute
                4050 Rio Bravo, Suite 151
                El Paso, Texas
                Phone: 915.532.3759
                Email: rajat@tamu.edu
                Web: http://tti.tamu.edu
                RMIS: http://www.eptraffic.com




                                                 31

								
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