Protecting Your Safety by alicejenny

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									                                                                                                 Chapter 19



                Chapter 19: Protecting Your Safety
Objectives
Learning Objectives
On completing this chapter, you will be able to:
• Define the terms intentional injuries and unintentional injuries and give three examples of each.
• List ways to reduce your risk of becoming a victim of violence.
• Define and describe three types of interpersonal violence.
• List five things women can do to reduce their risk of becoming a date rape victim and five things men
    can do to avoid perpetrating a date rape.
• Discuss different types of family violence, including intimate partner violence, child maltreatment, and
    the maltreatment of elders.
• Describe how guns and alcohol are related to rates of violent crime.
• Define identity theft, and list five strategies for protecting yourself from it.
• List ten things you can do to reduce your risk of becoming seriously injured in a motor vehicle crash.
• List ten things you can do to preventing injuries from occurring in your home.
• List five things you can do to prevent injuries during recreational activities.


Terms and Definitions
bias and hate crimes – criminal acts directed at a person or group solely because of a specific
characteristic, such as race, religion, sexual orientation, background, disability, or other difference.

child maltreatment – the act or failure to act by a parent or caretaker that results in abuse or neglect of a
child or that places the child in imminent risk of serious harm.

family violence – the use of physical force by one family member against another, with the intent to injure
or otherwise cause harm.

homicide – the intentional taking of one person’s life by another person.

identity theft – a crime involving the fraudulent use of a person’s name, Social Security number, credit
line, or other personal, financial, or identifying information.

intentional injuries – injures that are purposely inflicted either by the victim or by another person.

intimate partner violence – violence committed against a person by a current or former spouse, date, or
cohabitating partner.

stalking – repeated visual or physical proximity, nonconsensual communication, or threats that would
cause fear in a reasonable person.

terrorism – any actions intended to harm or kill civilians in order to intimidate a populace or force a
government to take some action.

unintentional injuries – injuries that have occurred without anyone’s intending that harm be done.




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Lecture Outline
I. Intentional and Unintentional Injuries

        In 2007 in the U.S. there were 34.3 million injuries and poisonings that individuals sought or

         received medical care for.

II. Intentional Injuries

        Each year, intentional injuries cause about 50,000 deaths and about 2 million nonfatal injuries in

         the United States.

         A. Interpersonal Violence

              1.   Homicide

                              The United States leads the industrialized world in homicide rates, with a recent

                               murder rate of 5.6 per 100,000 inhabitants.

              2.   Other Types of Interpersonal Violence

                              These include robberies, rapes, and other sexual assaults.

              3.   Stalking

                          Nearly all states have tightened their laws prohibiting stalking.

              4.   Rape and Other Sexual Assault

                          Rape is considered a violent act that happens to be carried out through sexual

                           contact.

              5.   Sexual Harassment

                          Examples of sexual harassment include unwanted physical contact, excessive

                           pressure for dates, and offers of job advancement based on sexual favors.

              6.   Bias and Hate Crimes

                          State and federal laws have been enacted to make bias and hate crimes serious

                           offenses.

         B. Family Violence

                  Families are much more complex and are under more stress than ever.

                   1.      Intimate Partner Violence




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                             This crime is vastly underreported to law enforcement authorities.

                   2.   Maltreatment of Children

                             About 1 million children are victims of abuse and neglect each year.

                   3.   Maltreatment of Elders

                             About 1.5 million older adults are victims of abuse and neglect.

         C. Violence in our Communities

              1.   School Violence

                       28 percent of 12- to 18-year-olds reported being bullied at school within the past six

                        months.

              2.   Violence at College

                             Traditional aged college students experience less violence than nonstudents in

                              the same age group.

              3.   Campus Safety

                             Remember to use safety assistance resources available on your campus.

              4.   Youth and Gang Violence

                             Gang-related crime has declined somewhat, probably because of more

                              aggressive police tactics.

         D. Factors that Contribute to Intentional Injuries

                  The use of alcohol and other psychoactive drugs are contributing factors to interpersonal

                   violence.

         E. Identity Theft

                  Order copies of your credit report each year to make sure there are no fraudulent accounts

                   in your name.

         F. Terrorism

                       An act intended to cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or noncombatants

                        with the purpose of initiating a population or compelling a government or an

                        international organization to do or abstain for doing any act.

III. Unintentional Injuries


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   Unintentional injuries account for more than two-thirds of all injury deaths annually in the U.S.

    A. Motor Vehicle Injuries and Safety

             Motor vehicle accidents cause nearly 2.5 million disabling injuries each year.

         1.   Motorcycle Safety

                  Motorcycles are 27 times more deadly than cars.

    B. Residential Injuries and Home Safety

         1.   Poisonings

                  Leading cause of unintentional injury death in homes.

         2.   Other Unintentional Residential Injuries

                  The second leading cause of home injuries is falls.

    C.   Recreational Injuries and Safety

                  Basketball and bicycling injuries make up the majority of recreational injuries.

              1.   Bicycle Safety

              2.   Boating Safety




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Supplemental Resources: Activities, Assignments, and
Discussion Material
For your convenience listed below are some of the available supplemental assets for this chapter. For the
most up-to-date supplement information, please refer to the textbook website
(http://www.mhhe.com/payne11e).


Online Learning Center
Personal Assessments
How Well do You Protect your Safety? *
Violence Knowledge Pretest
What Are You Doing?
         *also found in the text

Web Activities
Fireworks Safety Quiz
Safe Cycling Quiz
Consumer Product Safety Commission
National Safety Council

Focus On
Rage on the Road: The Danger of Aggressive Driving



Activities
Core Textbook Activities: Talking Points

1.   A close friend confides that her boyfriend sometimes “gets rough” with her. She’s afraid to talk to him
     about it because she thinks that will make things worse. What immediate steps would you tell her to
     take? (p. 504)

2.   You do not have a firearm in your home, but you’re not sure whether your neighbors do, and your
     child enjoys playing at their house. How might you go about asking your neighbor if they have a gun
     in their home? (p. 514)


Individual Activities

1.   Interview a counselor in an agency that deals with domestic violence.
2.   Interview a social worker who works with children who have been abused.
3.   List the ways you can address the violence in your community. What groups or organizations can help
     you in your endeavor?


Community Activities




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1.   Visit a rape crisis center and learn the procedure for helping a rape victim cope.
2.   Attend an open hearing on violence in your community (e.g., town council meetings, PTA meeting).
3.   Visit your local police department and talk with a detective or officer who handles cases pertaining to
     domestic violence against all age groups.




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