Bristol Harbourside

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					Bristol Harbourside

    Tony Westcott
      June 2002
      Brief history of the Port
• Romans used the creek of the River Trym
  as a port, named Abona, for transhipment of
  supplies to Aquae Sulis or Bath
• Reference to Brigstowe, “place by the
  bridge”, in Anglo-Saxon chronicle of 1021
Bristol Castle
The Bristol Great Keep c.1050
              Tidal range
• 14m between high and low water – 2nd.
  highest range in world to Bay of Fundy,
• Good for defence, but loading & discharge
  of cargoes impossible at low tide
         Growth of dock trade
• Trade developed during middle ages, with regular
  sailings to Ireland, France, Spain & Portugal
• After Cabot’s voyage to Newfoundland in 1497,
  trade with New World grew
• 17th.C “triangular trade”: manufactured goods to
  West Africa; slaves to the Americas; rum,
  molasses and tobacco back to Bristol
         Decline of dock trade
• 18th.C Rival ports, particularly Liverpool, invested
  in improvements
• Bristol built Floating Harbour 1803-09, but high
  dock dues discouraged trade
• Brunel’s SS Great Britain launched in 1843, but got
  stuck as docks had not been enlarged as requested +
  problem of access through Avon Gorge
• Late 19th.C docks constructed at Avonmouth &
• Mid 1970s Bristol Docks closed to commercial
      Sustainable Development
• Development that meets the needs of the
   present without compromising the ability
   of future generations to meet their own

(Bruntland Report, 1987)
Sustainable Development
       Key factors

  Ecology   Social

       Sustainable Development
Objectives set out by the Labour Government in its
   paper Opportunities for Change (1998):

1.   Maintenance of high and stable levels of economic
     growth and employment
2.   Social progress which recognises the needs of everyone
3.   Effective protection of the environment
4.   Prudent use of natural resources
    Bristol’s sustainability aims
1. Improving social & economic equity &
2. Providing a clean, healthy, safe and attractive
3. Improving accessibility of homes, jobs, services,
   facilities and the environment
4. Reversing decline & maintaining high and stable
   levels of sustainable economic growth
5. Reducing unemployment and maintaining high
   and stable levels of employment
    Bristol’s sustainability aims
6. Environmental protection, including
    minimisation of pollution & waste
7. Respecting urban form, settlement patterns, land
    form and natural systems
8. Conserving, enhancing & restoring the diversity
    of environmental, historic & cultural assets
9. Managing the use & consumption of renewable
    resources within the limits of replenishment
10. Minimising the consumption of non-renewable
    resources & using renewable substitutes where
10 - Wapping / Prince’s Wharf
                       Units: ?

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