# Chapter 23 Section 1 Review(1)

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```					Chapter 23 Section 1
Review Page 580
1. Explain how most water
vapor enters the air.

• When water molecules absorb heat
energy they move so rapidly they
escape the liquid and enter the air as
water vapor.
Water Vapor satellite image
2. Identify the principal
source from which most
water vapor enters the
atmosphere.

• The oceans near the equator
3. Identify the process by
which ice changes directly
into a gas.

• Sublimation (have you ever seen dry
ice?)
Sublimation
4. Define humidity.
• Humidity is water vapor in the
atmosphere.
5. Compare relative
humidity with absolute
humidity.

• Absolute humidity is the mass of water per
unit volume of air and represents a
measure of the actual amount of water in
the air (squeeze a wet sponge).
• Relative humidity is the ratio of water
vapor in the air compared to how much it
could hold at a given temperature (how
full is the sponge?).
6. Describe what happens when
the temperature of air
decreases to the dew point or
below the dew point.
• When temperature decreases the
rate of condensation increases, and
the rate of evaporation decreases. At
the dew point the rate of
condensation and evaporation are
equal. Below the dew point,
condensation occurs and visible
water droplets form on surfaces.
7. Identify four instruments
that are used to measure
relative humidity.

• Dew cells
• Psychrometer
• Hair hygrometers
• Polymer films
8. Explain what would happen
to a sample of air whose
relative humidity is 100% if
the temperature decreased.
• The rate of condensation would
increase and dew or frost would
form.
The End…..
9. Which region of Earth
would you expect to have a
higher absolute humidity:
the equatorial region or the
polar regions.
• Because it is warmer at the equator
and warmer air can hold more water
vapor, the absolute humidity would
be higher at the equatorial region.
10. Use the following terms to
create a concept map.

Humidity, water vapor,
dew point, absolute
humidity, dew cell,
psychrometer,
hygrometer, evaporation,
condensation, and relative
humidity.
Water vapor
Water vapor

humidity
Water vapor

humidity

Absolute    Relative
humidity    humidity
Water vapor

humidity
Absolute                 Relative
humidity                 humidity

Dew cell

psychrometer

hygrometer
Water vapor

humidity
Absolute                 Relative
humidity                 humidity

Dew cell                 condensation

hygrometer                    evaporation

psychrometer

Where would you put DEW POINT?
The End

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Jun Wang Dr
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